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Patulin in food
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Biology. University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
2015 (English)In: Current Opinion in Food Science, ISSN 2214-7993, E-ISSN 2214-8000, Vol. 5, 105-109 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Patulin is produced by species of Penicillium, Aspergillus and Byssochlamys. It is a mycotoxin that primarily contaminates pome fruit products, but is being reported from other fruit and foods, for example shellfish and cheese. New findings reveal that patulin binds to the bases of DNA, in addition to its well-established ability to conjugate sulfhydryl groups. Novel cellular targets are also being uncovered. In the EU, patulin levels in apple products are now mostly below specified limits. Biocontrol agents either prevent infection by mycotoxigenic fungi or lower patulin levels. More knowledge about critical control points, the role of patulin in plant disease, and the environmental cues that stimulate patulin production will enable the tailoring of effective, future control measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, 105-109 p.
Keyword [en]
Patulin, mycotoxin
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20920DOI: 10.1016/j.cofs.2015.10.003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84952650337OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-20920DiVA: diva2:887129
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-01-19Bibliographically approved

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