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Increased distractibility in schizotypy: independent of individual differences in working memory capacity?
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology. School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
Ecole de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7584-2275
2017 (English)In: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, ISSN 1747-0218, E-ISSN 1747-0226, Vol. 70, no 3, 565-578 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Individuals with schizophrenia typically show increased levels of distractibility. This has been attributed to impaired working memory capacity (WMC), since lower WMC is typically associated with higher distractibility and schizophrenia is typically associated with impoverished WMC. Here, participants performed verbal and spatial serial recall tasks that were accompanied by to-be-ignored speech tokens. For the few trials wherein one speech token was replaced with a different token, impairment was produced to task scores (a deviation effect). Participants subsequently completed a schizotypy questionnaire and a WMC measure. Higher schizotypy scores were associated with lower WMC (as measured with operation span [OSPAN]), but WMC and schizotypy scores explained unique variance in relation to the mean magnitude of the deviation effect. These results suggest that schizotypy is associated with heightened domain-general distractibility, but that this is independent of its relationship with WMC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 70, no 3, 565-578 p.
Keyword [en]
Distraction, Domain-Specificity, Schizophrenia, Schizotypy, Verbal Working Memory, Visuo-Spatial Working Memory, Working Memory Capacity
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21279DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1172094ISI: 000389233300018PubMedID: 27028661Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84973925877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21279DiVA: diva2:907494
Available from: 2016-02-29 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2017-03-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
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