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A longitudinal study of working life among first-line managers in the care of older adults
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. (B-LONG)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3381-5893
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1495-4943
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Applied Nursing Research, ISSN 0897-1897, E-ISSN 1532-8201, Vol. 32, 7-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

To study whether the number of subordinates plays a role in first-line managers’ and subordinates’ ratings of empowerment, stress symptoms, and leadership–management performance. The aim was also to study relationships between managers’ empowerment and stress symptoms and leadership–management performance.

Methods

A longitudinal and correlational design was used. All first-line managers (n = 98) and their subordinates (n = 2085) working in the care of older adults in five municipalities were approached.

Results

With fewer (≤ 30) subordinates per manager, there were higher ratings of structural empowerment among managers and subordinates and lower stress symptoms among subordinates, than with ≥ 31 subordinates. Furthermore, structural empowerment was related to the managers’ stress symptoms and leadership–management performance, mediated through psychological empowerment. Moreover, structural empowerment can control/adjust for large numbers of subordinates in relation to stress symptoms.

Conclusion

The higher FLMs rated their access to empowerment, the lower stress symptoms and higher leadership–management performance they rated over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 32, 7-13 p.
Keyword [en]
first-line manager, leadership-management performance, number of subordinates, stress symptoms, structural and psychological empowerment
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21445DOI: 10.1016/j.apnr.2016.03.003ISI: 000388057100002PubMedID: 27969055Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84963969038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21445DiVA: diva2:924216
Projects
B-LONG
Funder
AFA Insurance
Note

Additonal funding agencies: University of Gävle; Uppsala University; Regional Development Council of Gavleborg 

Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-04-28 Last updated: 2017-01-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
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Language
  • sv-SE
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