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Comparison of sedentary behaviors in office workers using sit-stand tables with and without semi-automated position changes
Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil.
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1443-6211
Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil.
2016 (English)In: Human Factors, ISSN 0018-7208, E-ISSN 1547-8181Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Objective: This study compared the use of two different electronically controlled sit-stand tables during a 2-month intervention period among office workers.

Background: Office workers spend most of their working time sitting, which is likely detrimental to health. Although the introduction of sit-stand tables has been suggested as an effective intervention to decrease sedentary time, limited evidence is available on usage patterns and effectiveness of sit-stand table interventions.

Method: Twelve workers were provided with standard sit-stand tables (autonomous group) and 12 with semi-automated sit-stand tables programmed to change table position according to a pre-set pattern (semi-automated group). Table position was monitored continuously for two months after introducing the tables as a proxy for sedentary behavior. Workers rated perceived fatigue and effects of the table on productivity.

Results: On average, the table was in a “sit” position for 85% of the work-day in both groups; this did not change significantly during the 2-month period. Switches in table position from sit to stand were, however, more frequent in the semi-automated than in the autonomous group (0.65 vs. 0.29 hr-1; p=0.001). The groups did not differ in fatigue or perceived table effect on productivity.

Conclusion: Introducing a semi-automated sit-stand table appeared to be an attractive alternative to a standard sit-stand table, since it led to more posture variation without negative effects on fatigue or productivity.

Application: A semi-automated sit-stand table may effectively contribute to making sedentary behaviour patterns more variable among office workers, and thus aid in preventing negative health effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Alternative workstation; posture variation; fatigue; productivity
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21528OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21528DiVA: diva2:931653
Available from: 2016-05-30 Created: 2016-05-30 Last updated: 2016-06-01Bibliographically approved

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Mathiassen, Svend Erik
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