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Crowdsourcing, citizen science or volunteered geographic information?: The current state of crowdsourced geographic information
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
Department of Computer Science, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland .
School of Geography, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom .
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2016 (English)In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, ISSN 2220-9964, Vol. 5, no 5, 55Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Citizens are increasingly becoming an important source of geographic information, sometimes entering domains that had until recently been the exclusive realm of authoritative agencies. This activity has a very diverse character as it can, amongst other things, be active or passive, involve spatial or aspatial data and the data provided can be variable in terms of key attributes such as format, description and quality. Unsurprisingly, therefore, there are a variety of terms used to describe data arising from citizens. In this article, the expressions used to describe citizen sensing of geographic information are reviewed and their use over time explored, prior to categorizing them and highlighting key issues in the current state of the subject. The latter involved a review of 100 Internet sites with particular focus on their thematic topic, the nature of the data and issues such as incentives for contributors. This review suggests that most sites involve active rather than passive contribution, with citizens typically motivated by the desire to aid a worthy cause, often receiving little training. As such, this article provides a snapshot of the role of citizens in crowdsourcing geographic information and a guide to the current status of this rapidly emerging and evolving subject.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 5, no 5, 55
Keyword [en]
crowdsourcing, volunteered geographic information, citizen science, mapping
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21532DOI: 10.3390/ijgi5050055ISI: 000379861800002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84968593362OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21532DiVA: diva2:931732

Funding Agencies:

- COST Action  (grant no: TD1202 )

- EU-funded ERC CrowdLand project  (grant no: 617754 )

- Key Laboratory of Eco Planning & Green Building, Ministry of Education (Tsinghua University), China  

Available from: 2016-05-30 Created: 2016-05-30 Last updated: 2016-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Jiang, Bin
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Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management
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