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New way of obtaining water based on dehumidification method
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. Universitat Politècnica de València. (Energy Systems)
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This paper is the development of a new method of obtaining water based on dehumidification method.

Water privation affects more than 884 million people in over 43 countries. According to the WHO, there is a minimum amount of water needed in order to have a low concern in health due to this issue.

For obtaining water, there are some technologies in development, being the most advanced ones osmosis and humidification-dehumidification. The method that this paper is going to study is very similar to humidification-dehumidification process.

Moist air formulas, complemented with cooling machine cycle, have been used to create a mathematical model based on a previous scheme design of the machine. Matlab software has been chosen to accomplish this duty.

Process calculations have been made from the hypothesis of 100 litres per person and day for a population of 500 people.

Results obtained are interesting for some situations. It has been proved that it can be placed anywhere (even in the middle of the desert), but the most ideal situation is next to the sea in warm places. For this reason, the study has been carried out in Valencia, Spain.

Mean cost for water is 0,1359 kWh/kg water. Power installed is 1000kW, and mean power use is 200kW. Amount of water obtained is variable during the year, being the biggest one in summer and the lowest in winter. Because of this, storage is needed.

For future studies, the performance in the compressor and the heat exchanger should be improved, in order to reach the theoretical minimum energetic cost of 0,08kWh/litre. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 66 p.
Keyword [en]
Water, Sustainable Development, Psychrometrics, Thermodynamics, Energy Systems.
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21699OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21699DiVA: diva2:938430
Subject / course
Energy systems
Educational program
Energy systems – master’s programme (one year) (swe or eng)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-16 Last updated: 2016-06-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf