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Effektivisering av interna material- och informationsflöden: En fallstudie på Sandvik SMT avseende flöden från packning till centrallager
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Logistik handlar om att alla aktiviteter inom ett företag ska hanteras på ett så effektivt sätt som möjligt. Logistik kopplas ofta ihop med den materiella delen av ett företag men en stor del av logistiken handlar också om det administrativa och informativa flödet. Bra informativa flöden både internt och externt leder till bättre samarbete. Genom att ha bra samarbeten skapas effektiva processer i försörjningskedjan vilket i sin tur leder till ett förhöjt kundvärde på produkten.

Syftet med denna rapport var att utforma en metodik för att analysera och effektivisera material-och informationsflödet mellan olika enheter. Utifrån syftet har relevant teori tagits fram i form av bland annat Lean production, Supply chain management, informationssystem samt vikten av bra kommunikationsförmåga inom en organisation. Teorin som använts är sekundärdata och har noggrant granskats innan det använts. En metodik har utformats baserat på de faktorer som ansågs vara relevanta för att skapa bra material- och informationsflöden. Den utformade metodiken har prövats på Sandvik SMT. Då en stor del av metodiken omfattade en kartläggning av nuläget hos fallföretaget har intervjuer och observationer utförts.

Metodiken har hjälpt till att skapa ett strukturerat arbetssätt, vilket har resulterat i att ett antal problem har identifierats. De identifierade problemen omfattar bland annat bristfälliga kommunikations- och informationskanaler inom organisationen samt ett begränsat samarbete mellan de olika enheterna i deras försörjningskedja. Baserat på den framtagna teorin samt undersökningen som utfördes på Sandvik SMT drogs slutsatsen att effektiva material- och informationsflöden skapas genom bland annat väl utformade IT-system och en god samarbetsförmåga i försörjningskedjorna. 

Abstract [en]

The concept of logistics is to handle all the activities within a company in the most efficient way. Logistics is mostly associated with the flow of materials within the company, but it is important to remember that logistic also includes the administrative and information flow. A good information flow, both with external and internal partners will lead to good cooperation between the different partners. Good cooperation will lead to more efficient processes, which in turn will give a higher customer value.

The purpose of this paper was to develop a methodology to analyse and improve the efficiency in a material and information flow between different units. Based on the purposed pertinent theories that have been found; for example, theories about Lean production, supply chain management, information systems and the importance of good communication skills within an organization. The theory that was found is secondary data, which has been thoroughly examined before it has been used. A methodology was designed based on the factors that were considered relevant to create good material and information flows. The designed methodology was tested in Sandvik SMT. As a major part of the methodology included an identification of the current status of the case company, interviews and observations have been conducted.

The methodology helped to create a structured approach, which has resulted in a number of identified problems. The problems that have been identified includes among others, insufficient communication and information flows within the organisation and a limited cooperation between the various units in the supply chain. Based on the found theory and the study conducted at Sandvik SMT, we concluded that effective material and information flow are created by including well-designed IT systems and good cooperation skills in supply chains. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 87 p.
Keyword [en]
Lean production, Supply chain management
Keyword [sv]
Logistik, materialflöde, informationsflöde och informationssystem
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21744DiVA: diva2:939338
Subject / course
Industrial engineering and management
Educational program
Industrial management and logistics – bachelor’s programme (swe or eng)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-19 Last updated: 2016-06-20Bibliographically approved

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