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Diabetes mellitus typ 1: Vuxnas skattningar och upplevelser av livskvalitet vid kolhydraträkning: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Type 1 Diabetes is a disease that is present in all ages. A treatment with carbohydrate counting and flexible insulin dosing provides a freer diet and is used today in much of the world. Carbohydrate counting with flexible insulin dosing can improve the quality of life in people with diabetes. With support and training the nurse has an important role to support people in their self-care. Aim: To describe how adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus rated and felt their quality of life when using carbohydrate calculated insulin dose and to describe included studies' data collection methods. Method: Descriptive literature review of 13 articles. Literature searches were made in the databases PubMed and CINAHL. Main results: After participating in a structured training regarding carbohydrate counting with flexible insulin dosing rated and experienced the adults with type 1 diabetes, an increased quality of life with greater freedom to customize their diet according to their life situation. Their knowledge of diabetes increased, which gave them a better self-control and self-esteem leading to better self-care. The number of severe hypoglycemia and the fear of them decreased with a carbohydrate calculated insulin dose. Articles used validated questionnaires as data collection methods. Conclusion: Adults with type 1 diabetes, who participated in a structured education in carbohydrate counting with flexible insulin dosing increased their quality of life in both the short and long term and got a better understanding of the disease that gave better self-control and self-esteem leading to better self-care.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 1 är en sjukdom som finns i alla åldrar. En behandlingsmetod med kolhydraträkning och flexibel insulindosering ger en friare kosthållning och används idag i en stor del av världen. Kolhydraträkning med flexibel insulindosering kan förbättra livskvaliteten hos personer med diabetes. Med stöd och utbildning inom området har sjuksköterskan en viktig uppgift att stötta personerna i deras egenvård. Syfte: Att beskriva hur vuxna med diabetes mellitus typ 1 skattade och upplevde sin livskvalitet vid kolhydratberäknad insulindosering samt att beskriva inkluderade studiers datainsamlingsmetoder. Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie av 13 artiklar. Litteratursökningar gjordes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Huvudresultat: Efter deltagande i en strukturerad utbildning i kolhydraträkning med flexibel insulindosering skattade och upplevde vuxna med diabetes mellitus typ 1 en ökad livskvalitet med en ökad frihet att anpassa sin kost efter sin livssituation. Deras kunskaper om diabetessjukdomen ökade vilket gav dem en bättre självkontroll och självkänsla vilket ledde till bättre egenvård. Antalet svåra hypoglykemier och rädslan för dessa minskade med en kolhydratberäknad insulindosering. Artiklarna använde validerade frågeformulär som datainsamlingsmetod. Slutsats: Vuxna med diabetes mellitus typ 1 som deltagit i en strukturerad utbildning i kolhydraträkning med flexibel insulindosering ökade sin livskvalitet både på kort och lång sikt samt fick bättre kunskap om sjukdomen som gav bättre självkontroll och självkänsla vilket ledde till bättre egenvård.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes mellitus type 1, adult, quality of life, dietary carbohydrates, carbohydrates.
Keyword [sv]
Diabetes mellitus typ 1, vuxna, livskvalitet, kolhydrater i kosten, kolhydrater.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21852OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21852DiVA: diva2:941453
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-23 Created: 2016-06-22 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Citation style
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