Interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour and increase physical activity during productive work time : Effects on work performance and metabolic and physiological outcomes
2016 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Background. In a systematic literature review, we investigated the effect on work performance and metabolic and physiological outcomes of interventions aimed at reducing sedentary behaviour (SB) and/or increasing physical activity (PA) during productive work time.
Methods. Scopus was searched for articles published from 1992 until March 12, 2015. We included studies: (1) addressing interventions aimed at reducing SB and/or increasing PA at the workplace, during productive work; (2) using a design including a control group or control condition; (3) being published as a full-length paper in a peer-reviewed journal in English; (4) reporting on work performance outcomes and metabolic and physiological outcomes (i.e. lipid and metabolic profiles, hemodynamic and cardiorespiratory measures and anthropometric measures). Relevant studies were evaluated using the Quality Assess-ment Tool for Quantitative Studies and summarized in a best evidence synthesis.
Results. 18 interventions were included and organized into two categories: (1) alternative workstation interventions (n=15), i.e. sit-stand workstations or “active” workstations; and (2) personalized behavioural interventions (n=3), i.e. interventions involving personalized goals and/or giving behavioural feedback using prompts or messages.There was moderate evidence for alternative workstations not influencing hemodynamics and cardiorespiratory fitness as well as personalized behavioural interventions notinfluencing anthropometric measures. Evidence was insufficient (alternative workstations) or conflicting (personalized behavioral interventions) on lipid and metabolic profiles. For work performance, there was insufficient evidence for personalized behavioural interven-tions and conflicting evidence for alternative workstations. But for the latter, only one out of 11 studies showed a negative effect.
Discussion. Current evidence suggests that work performance is not negatively affected by alternative workstations. Furthermore, there is no strong case for introducing interven-tions aimed at reducing SB and/or increasing PA during productive work time in the hope of getting a positive effect on metabolic and physiological outcomes. However, large-scale, high quality studies with long-term follow-ups are needed before more definite conclusions on this topic can be drawn.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
systematic literature review, sedentary behaviour, physical activity, work performance, intervention
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21907OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21907DiVA: diva2:942450
Ninth International Conference on the Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (PREMUS), June 20-23, 2016, Toronto, Canada