hig.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 684
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Aalbers, Anouschka
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Öberg, Linn
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Agil Kravprioritering: En kvalitativ studie om prioriteringsprocesser inom agil mjukvaruutveckling hos Monitor ERP System AB2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prioritizing requirements is one of the most important and influential steps in the creation of a software product. The process is iterative; it takes place during the entire agile software development. Through prioritizing requirements, it is decided which requirements are to be developed, in which order, and why. 

    The aim of this study is to investigate how companies that design software prioritize requirements and to identify which prioritization methods they might use during this process. The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding for why a well-balanced prioritization is important, which specific prioritization factors give value to a product, as well as identifying how these factors are related to the result. The purpose is also to investigate the difficulties that exist in a prioritization process, and to create an overview of some of the most used prioritization methods in agile software development. 

    This study is conducted in collaboration with the software company Monitor ERP in order to analyze the company's prioritization processes used to develop their business management system Monitor. The method used is a qualitative study that consists of observations of meetings about prioritization processes, and semi-structured interviews. Processing of collected material was done by organizing, analyzing, and compiling results according to concepts and categories that emerged from the literature study. The results documents work processes, common goals, prioritization aspects and challenges in the requirements prioritization at Monitor ERP. 

    A well-balanced prioritization proved to be important to be able to deliver the right functionality on time and to be able to provide dependable estimates of development, which in turn leads to customers gaining confidence in both the product and the company. A number of prioritization factors that give value to the Monitor software were identified, many of which contribute to increasing customer satisfaction and product quality. Monitor ERP does not use any specific prioritization methods, but the development philosophy Minimum Viable Product is used as a basis for their prioritization choices. During the prioritization process, challenges such as limited resources, unpredictable tasks, difficulties with time estimation, and a challenge in balancing customer value and customer focus were experienced.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Agil_Kravprioritering_Aalbers_Öberg
  • 2.
    Abad, Shayan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Gholamy, Hassan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Evaluation of machine learning models for classifying malicious URLs2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Millions of new websites are created daily, making it challenging to determine which ones are safe. Cybersecurity involves protecting companies and users from cyberattacks. Cybercriminals exploit various methods, including phishing attacks, to trick users into revealing sensitive information. In Australia alone, there were over 74,000 reported phishing attacks in 2022, resulting in a financial loss of over $24 million. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning are effective tools in various domains, such as cancer detection, financial fraud detection, and chatbot development. Machine learning models, such as Random Forest and Support Vector Machines, are commonly used for classification tasks. With the rise of cybercrime, it is crucial to use machine learning to identify both known and new malicious URLs. The purpose of the study is to compare different instance selection methods and machine learning models for classifying malicious URLs.

    In this study, a dataset containing approximately 650,000 URLs from Kaggle was used. The dataset consisted of four categories: phishing, defacement, malware, and benign URLs. Three datasets, each consisting of around 170,000 URLs, were generated using instance selection methods (DRLSH, BPLSH, and random selection) implemented in MATLAB. Machine learning models, including SVM, DT, KNNs, and RF, were employed. The study applied these instance selection methods to a dataset of malicious URLs, trained the machine learning models on the resulting datasets, and evaluated their performance using 16 features and one output feature.

    In the process of hyperparameter tuning, the training dataset was used to train four models with different hyperparameter settings. Bayesian optimization was employed to find the best hyperparameters for each model. The classification process was then conducted, and the results were compared. The study found that the random instance selection method outperformed the other two methods, BPLSH and DRLSH, in terms of both accuracy and elapsed time for data selection. The lower accuracies achieved by the DRLSH and BPLSH methods may be attributed to the imbalanced dataset, which led to poor sample selection.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Evaluation of machine learning models for classifying malicious URLs
  • 3.
    Abad, Shayan
    et al.
    Department of Computer and Geo-Spatial Sciences, University of Gävle, 801 76 Gävle, Sweden.
    Gholamy, Hassan
    Department of Computer and Geo-Spatial Sciences, University of Gävle, 801 76 Gävle, Sweden.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Classification of Malicious URLs Using Machine Learning2023In: Sensors, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 23, no 18, article id 7760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amid the rapid proliferation of thousands of new websites daily, distinguishing safe ones from potentially harmful ones has become an increasingly complex task. These websites often collect user data, and, without adequate cybersecurity measures such as the efficient detection and classification of malicious URLs, users’ sensitive information could be compromised. This study aims to develop models based on machine learning algorithms for the efficient identification and classification of malicious URLs, contributing to enhanced cybersecurity. Within this context, this study leverages support vector machines (SVMs), random forests (RFs), decision trees (DTs), and k-nearest neighbors (KNNs) in combination with Bayesian optimization to accurately classify URLs. To improve computational efficiency, instance selection methods are employed, including data reduction based on locality-sensitive hashing (DRLSH), border point extraction based on locality-sensitive hashing (BPLSH), and random selection. The results show the effectiveness of RFs in delivering high precision, recall, and F1 scores, with SVMs also providing competitive performance at the expense of increased training time. The results also emphasize the substantial impact of the instance selection method on the performance of these models, indicating its significance in the machine learning pipeline for malicious URL classification

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Abbassi, Selma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Engström, Rickard
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Algoritm för lokalisering av referensnoder med Indoor Positioning System2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Indoor Positioning Systems lokaliserar människor och objekt inomhus med hjälp av minst tre kända referenspunkter. System för inomhuspositionering som använder kända referenspunkter kallas anchor-based lokalisering medan de som beräknar deras positioner själva kallas anchor-free lokalisering. Syftet med detta arbete är att utveckla en algoritm som är anpassad efter ett anchor-free lokaliseringssystem. Den ska vara oberoende av nätverksuppkopplingen, hårdvaran och hur avstånden mellan mottagare och sensorer beräknats. Utgångspunkten för algoritmen är enbart avstånd mellan en mottagare och tre sensorer vilket kan beskrivas som arbetets huvudsakliga problem.

    Algoritmen implementerades i Java med en simulering som återspeglar positioneringen i en perfekt miljö och sedan testas på en Android-applikation. Simuleringen tillåter användaren att rita ut flera mätpunkter som skapar en rutt. Dessa mätpunkter utnyttjas för att dynamiskt lokalisera referenspunkterna och mätpunkterna genom att hitta ett minsta avstånd mellan sensorerna. Dessa avstånd kan beskrivas som sidorna för en referenstriangel som möjliggör att ett koordinatsystem kan spännas upp.

    Resultatet av den empiriska studien visade en felmarginal mellan 0,3-6 m utan signalstörningar, vilket inte var tillräckligt noggrant. Efter att algoritmen implementerats lades fokus på en korrigering som kan itereras igenom för att uppskatta bättre mätvärden för referenstriangeln. Korrigeringen gav positiva resultat med lägre felmarginal. Arbetet kan vidareutvecklas genom att implementeras i ett verkligt IPS-system och algoritmen kan förbättras genom att skapa utökade funktioner som kan hantera fler än tre beacons.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Abd Nikooie Pour, Mina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Algergawy, Alsayed
    University Jena, Germany.
    Amardeilh, Florence
    Elzeard.co, Paris, France.
    Amini, Reihaneh
    Data Semantics (DaSe) Laboratory, Kansas State University, United States.
    Fallatah, Omaima
    Information School, University Of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Faria, Daniel
    Faculdade De Cîencias, Universidade De Lisboa, Lasige, Portugal.
    Fundulaki, Irini
    Institute Of Computer Science-FORTH, Heraklion, Greece.
    Harrow, Ian
    Pistoia Alliance Inc., United States.
    Hertling, Sven
    University Of Mannheim, Germany.
    Hitzler, Pascal
    Data Semantics (DaSe) Laboratory, Kansas State University, United States.
    Huschka, Martin
    Fraunhofer Institute For High-Speed Dynamics, EMI, Germany.
    Ibanescu, Liliana
    AgroParisTech, Umr MIA-Paris/INRAE, France.
    Jiménez-Ruiz, Ernesto
    University Of London, City, United Kingdom; Department Of Informatics, University Of Oslo, Norway.
    Karam, Naouel
    Fraunhofer Fokus, Berlin, Germany; Institute For Applied Informatics (InfAI), University Of Leipzig, Germany.
    Laadhar, Amir
    Department Of Computer Science, Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology. Linköpings universitet.
    Li, Huanyu
    Linköpings universitet.
    Li, Ying
    Linköpings universitet.
    Michel, Franck
    University Ĉote d'Azur, CNRS, Inria, France.
    Nasr, Engy
    University Of Freiburg, Freiburg Galaxy Team, Germany.
    Paulheim, Heiko
    University Of Mannheim, Germany.
    Pesquita, Catia
    Faculdade De Cîencias, Universidade De Lisboa, Lasige, Portugal.
    Portisch, Jan
    University Of Mannheim, Germany.
    Roussey, Catherine
    Inrae Centre Clermont-ARA, Laboratoire Tscf, France.
    Saveta, Tzanina
    Institute Of Computer Science-FORTH, Heraklion, Greece.
    Shvaiko, Pavel
    Trentino Digitale SpA, Trento, Italy.
    Splendiani, Andrea
    Pistoia Alliance Inc., United States.
    Trojahn, Cássia
    Irit and Université Toulouse II, Toulouse, France.
    Vatascinová, Jana
    Prague University Of Economics And Business, Czech Republic.
    Yaman, Beyza
    Adapt Centre, Dublin City University, Ireland.
    Zamazal, Ondrej
    Prague University Of Economics And Business, Czech Republic.
    Zhou, Lu
    Data Semantics (DaSe) Laboratory, Kansas State University, United States.
    Results of the Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative 20212021In: Proceedings of the 16th International Workshop on Ontology Matching co-located with the 20th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2021), Virtual conference, October 25, 2021 / [ed] Shvaiko P., Euzenat J., Jimenez-Ruiz E., Jimenez-Ruiz E., Hassanzadeh O., Trojahn C., CEUR-WS.org , 2021, p. 62-108Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative (OAEI) aims at comparing ontology matching systems on precisely defined test cases. These test cases can be based on ontologies of different levels of complexity and use different evaluation modalities (e.g., blind evaluation, open evaluation, or consensus).The OAEI 2021 campaign offered 13 tracks and was attended by 21 participants.This paper is an overall presentation of that campaign. 

  • 6.
    Abd Nikooie Pour, Mina
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Li, Huanyu
    Linköping University.
    Armiento, Rickard
    Linköping University.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology. Linköping University.
    A First Step Towards a Tool for Extending Ontologies2021In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on the Visualization and Interaction for Ontologies and Linked Data: co-located with the 20th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2021) / [ed] Patrick Lambrix, Catia Pesquita, Vitalis Wiens, CEUR Workshop proceedings , 2021, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ontologies have been proposed as a means towards making data FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable). This has attracted much interest in several communities and ontologies are being developed. However, to obtain good results when using ontologies in semantically-enabled applications, the ontologies need to be of high quality. One of the quality aspects is that the ontologies should be as complete as possible. In this paper we propose a first version of a tool that supports users in extending ontologies using a phrase-based approach.  To demonstrate the usefulness of our proposed tool, we exemplify the use by extending the Materials Design Ontology.

  • 7.
    Abdulkadir, Hassan Bisri
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences.
    Undersökning av användbarheten hos ett tidsrapporteringssystem2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our everyday life, we as users encounter many different interfaces, therefore it is of great importance that they work well and have clear instructions for how to use them, i.e., that they have a good usability. Through the increased digitization, people today can work or study remotely, which is something that has been of great help recently during the covid pandemic. Since remote work and education has become common, it is important that we can also do our usability tests remotely.

    The purpose of this work is to investigate the usability of the time reporting system Tidig and to compare different test tools to see which tool is best suited for future usability tests on Tidig. The tests will be of the type URUT (Unmoderated Remote Usability Testing), which means that usability tests are unmoderated and done remotely for easier data collection. With the given data the result is expected to give a better picture of the usability of time reporting systems for future improvement work as well as which tool should be used in future usability tests.

    The results of the usability tests have shown that the time reporting system Tidig has a high usability. During the usability tests, the participants did not have a major difficulty in solving most of the tasks. The questions that were asked showed that the participants were satisfied with the system but would like small improvements to be made on certain parts of the time reporting system. The comparison of the tools shows that the tool best suited for future usability tests on Tidig is the Loop11 test tool. Loop11 offers a variety of functions to collect quantitative and qualitative data, the test tool also provides statistics on tasks, questions and the questionnaires.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Abid, Rabia
    et al.
    University Lahore, Pakistan.
    Iwendi, Celestine
    University of Bolton, UK.
    Javed, Abdul Rehman
    Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Rizwan, Muhammad
    University Lahore, Pakistan.
    Jalil, Zunera
    Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Anajemba, Joseph Henry
    Hohai University,Changzhou, China.
    Biamba, Cresantus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    An optimised homomorphic CRT-RSA algorithm for secure and efficient communication2023In: Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, ISSN 1617-4909, E-ISSN 1617-4917, Vol. 27, p. 1405-1418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Secure and reliable exchange of information between devices is crucial for any network in the current digital world. This information is maintained on storage devices, routing devices, and communication over the cloud. Cryptographic techniques are used to ensure the secure transmission of data, ensuring the user’s privacy by storing and transmitting data in a particular format. Using encryption, only the intended user possessing the key can access the information. During data or essential transmission, the channel should be secured by using robust encryption techniques. Homomorphic Encryption (HE) techniques have been used in the past for this purpose. However, one of the flaws of the conventional HE is seen either in its slow transmission or fast key decryption. Thus, this paper proposes an optimized Homomorphic Encryption Chinese Remainder Theorem with a Rivest-Shamir-Adleman (HE-CRT-RSA) algorithm to overcome this challenge. The proposed Technique, HE-CRT-RSA, utilizes multiple keys for efficient communication and security. In addition, the performance of the HE-CRT-RSA algorithm was evaluated in comparison with the classical RSA algorithm. The result of the proposed algorithm shows performance improvement with reduced decryption time. It is observed that the proposed HE-CRT-RSA is 3–4% faster than the classical Rivest-Shamir-Adleman (RSA). The result also suggests that HE-CRT-RSA effectively enhances security issues of the cloud and helps to decrease the involvement of intruders or any third party during communication or inside the data/server centers.

  • 9.
    Abrahamsson, Emil
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Digitalt arkiv2008Student paper second term, 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Grunden för detta arbete har varit att förenkla hantering och sökning bland ritningar och förteckningar i ett ritningsarkiv. Lösningen har blivit ett webbaserat datasystem som bygger på en databas där all information lagras och är sökbar. Resultatet har blivit ett system som man oavsett var man befinner sig inom företagets nätverk ha tillgång till alla ritningar och förteckningar på ett snabbt och effektivt sätt.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 10. Adams, Robin
    et al.
    Fincher, Sally
    Pears, Arnold
    Börstler, Jürgen
    Boustedt, Jonas
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Dalenius, Peter
    Eken, Gunilla
    Heyer, Tim
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Lindberg, Vanja
    Molin, Bengt
    Moström, Jan-Erik
    Wiggberg, Mattias
    What is the word for 'Engineering' in Swedish: Swedish students conceptions of their discipline2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Engineering education in Sweden – as in the rest of the world – is experiencing a decline in student interest. There are concerns about the ways in which students think about engineering education, why they join an academic programme in engineering, and why they persist in their studies. In this context the aims of the Nationellt ämnesdidaktiskt Centrum för Teknikutbildning i Studenternas Sammanhang project (CeTUSS) is to investigate the student experience and to identify and support a continuing network of interested researchers, as well as in building capacity for disciplinary pedagogic investigation.

    The Stepping Stones project brings together these interests in a multi-researcher, multi-institutional study that investigates how tudents and academic staff perceive engineering in Sweden and in Swedish education. The first results of that project are reported here. As this study is situated uniquely in Swedish education, it allows for exploration of “a Swedish perspective” on conceptions of engineering. The Stepping Stones project was based on a model of research capacity-building previously instantiated in the USA and Australia (Fincher & Tenenberg, 2006).

  • 11.
    Ahlmén, Caroline
    University of Gävle. University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Hemligheten bakom populära animerade karaktärer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad gör en framgångsrik animerad karaktär? Homer Simpson, Svampbob Fyrkant och Eric Cartman kommer att analyseras och jämföras för att hitta vad som gör just dem så populära. Därefter kommer de psykologiska aspekterna att granskas. Varför tilltalar dessa karaktärer människor? Riktlinjer för hur man skapar en populär animerad karaktär kommer att utvecklas utifrån resultatet av utredningen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Ahonen-Jonnarth, Ulla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Odelstad, Jan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Simulation as a tool for the evaluation of forest management treatments2010In: ESM'2010 - The 2010 European Simulation and Modelling Conference / [ed] Gerrit K. Janssens, Katrien Ramaekers and An Caris, Ghent: EUROSIS-ETI , 2010, p. 426-433Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cleaning of young forest stands is a multicriteria problem with conflicting goals. This kind of forest management treatment is performed by human beings but it is possible that this work may be performed by artificial agents in the future. The artificial agents need detailed information about how to clean a forest stand and/or what are the goals for cleaning. One problem in development of cleaning rules for artificial cleaning agents is that explicit knowledge about good cleaning results is not detailed. In this paper we present a tool for developing and testing rules and judging evaluation functions for cleaning. We illustrate this tool by presenting examples of some ways to clean forest stands in a computer environment and we present how the cleaning results can be evaluated. In order to obtain material for experiments it is also possible to simulate forest stands using this tool.

  • 13.
    Aktan, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Dynamic hair effects2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creating three dimensional hair is still one of the hardest elements when creating characters. Problems occur because of the constant changes in the software every few years. A major goal is to create as realistic hair as possible in Autodesk Maya and to supply this detailed information on to other 3D artist. Techniques are researched and reviewed on how different hair systems are created, as well as how dynamic effects react on the moving hair.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 14.
    Al-Asadi, Yousif
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences.
    Streit, Jennifer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences.
    Identifiering av UNO-kort: En jämförelse av bildigenkänningstekniker2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Engaging in the social game of UNO represents a form of social interaction aimed atpromoting enjoyment. Each UNO card deck consists of five different colors (blue,red, green, yellow and joker) and various symbols. However participating in such agame can be frustrating for individuals with color vision impairment. Since a substantial portion of the game relies on accurately identifying the color of each card.The overall purpose of this research is to develop a prototype for object recognitionof UNO cards to support individuals with color vision impairment. This thesis involves comparing object recognition methods, namely Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and Template Matching (TM). Each method will be compared with respect to color and symbol recognition both separately and combined.  

    The development of such a prototype will be through creating and training two different CNN models, where the first model focuses on solely symbol recognitionwhile the other model incorporates both color and symbol recognition. These models will be trained though an algorithm called YOLOv5 which is considered state-ofthe-art (SOTA) with fast execution. At the same time, two models of TM inspiredmethods, hue template test and binary template test, will be developed with thehelp of OpenCV and by creating templates for the cards. Each template will be usedas a way to compare the detected card in order to classify it. Additionally, the KNearest Neighbor (KNN) algorithm, a machine learning algorithm, will be developed specifically to identify the color of the cards. Finally a comparative analysis ofthese methods will be conducted by evaluating performance metrics such as accuracy, precision, recall and latency. The comparison will be carried out in betweeneach method using a confusion matrix for color and symbol in respective models.

    The study’s findings revealed that the model combining CNN and KNN demonstrated the best performance during the validation of the different models. Furthermore, the study shows that template tests are faster to implement than CNN due tothe training that a neural network requires. Moreover, the execution time showsthat there is a difference between the different models, where CNN achieved thehighest performance.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Identifiering av UNO-kort - En jämförelse av bildigenkänningstekniker
  • 15.
    Ameen, Havar
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Sabra, Zakaria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Moderna processutvecklingsverktyg för organisationer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna C-uppsats ämnar att studera prioriteringar hos användare i ett system för processutveckling, med syftet att skapa underlag för en omarbetad implementation. I vissa organisationer handlar det om att öka utnyttjandegraden av investerade resurser, och en sådan plattform ger en bättre kontroll över vilka delar i ett system som påverkas av processförändringar. Underlaget för den konkreta implementation bestod till stor del av resultaten från en enkätstudie, där slutanvändare av ett existerande prototypsystem fick dela med sig av sina synpunkter. Resultatet från studien kombinerades också med relevanta vetenskapliga artiklar och litteraturstudier för att skapa underlag för modellen för den nya plattformen. En stor faktor som påvisades utifrån studien är behovet av tillgänglighet. Detta innefattar bl.a. tydligare relationer mellan entiteter, koncis presentation av data och snabbare informationsåtkomst. Modellen som skapats representerar ett system där fokus på ett dynamiskt och responsivt gränssnitt i kombination med tillgänglighet och logiska arbetsflöden utgör plattformen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Moderna processutvecklingsverktyg för organisationer
    Download (pdf)
    Rådata för enkätstudien
  • 16.
    Amin, Ahmed Angelus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Morales, Federico
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Positionering och tid som faktorer i mobilanpassade enkäter: En kontextmedveten prototyp2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns ett ökat problem med att färre personer väljer att delta i enkätundersökningar, både vad gäller webbenkäter och traditionella postenkäter. En möjlig lösning på problemet skulle kunna vara att ta tillvara på det faktum att det blir allt vanligare att personer väljer att använda sig av mobila enheter för att lösa vardagssysslor. Kanske kan man bättre använda sig av den tekniska utvecklingen och samhällsutvecklingen som allt mer går över till digitala lösningar och på så sätt bidra till ett ökat deltagande i enkäter. Denna uppsats har undersökt om det är möjligt att använda tekniken kontextmedvetenhet för att skapa mobilanpassade enkäter. Detta genom att tillverka en prototyp av en mobilapplikation som kan skicka frågor till smartphones beroende på dess position. Det är möjligt genom mobila enheters egna GPS-mottagare. Enligt den utvärdering som utförts finns det tecken på att användaren upplever det lättare att svara på frågor genom denna prototyp än deras tidigare upplevelser. Dessutom visar resultatet att funktionerna i vår kontextmedvetna prototyp fungerar så som önskat.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Amundsen, Nicklas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    The Possibilities and Limitations of Teaching Through Multi User Virtual Environments2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of computers has grown immensely in the last decades and the possibility to teach through them has grown as well. Various computer applications, games and forums have been created as tools of teaching and learning. This research project contains a summary of various works created within the E-learning area and their results. The virtual world Second Life is tested and some of the research in the literature review will be visited and examined. The research focuses on the feasibility to create scenarios for nursing students to practice patient care and handling, in addition to collaborative qualities that online virtual worlds offer. The conclusion taken from this research is that the possibilities far outweigh the limitations and that learning through virtual worlds should be further explored and developed.

    Download full text (pdf)
    The Possibilities and Limitations of Teaching Trough Multi User Virtual Environments
  • 18.
    Andersson, Claes
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Generering och testning av geografiskt data inom GIS2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enhetstestning mot databaser inriktade mot geografiska informationssystem kan vara ett komplicerat arbete att utföra. Det innebär både att ha tillgång till användbart data samt att använda verktyg för att utföra dessa tester på. Denna studie har undersökt hur data bestående av ytor kan genereras och hur verktyg inriktade på enhetstestning mot databaser kan användas för att uppnå en förbättrad arbetsmetodik för enhetstestning mot databaser. Arbetet har resulterat i förslag på metoder som kan användas för att generera geografiska data. En applikation har utvecklats för att generera dessa data. Dessutom har en metod för att genomföra enhetstester mot en postgreSQL databas, baserad på verktyget pgTAP, presenterats. Föreslagna metoder kan möjliggöra en förbättring av arbetsmetodiken vid enhetstestning mot databasermen det finns fortfarande många förbättringar att utforska.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Applikationsutveckling för Android2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta projekt handlar om ett applikationsutvecklingsprojekt för Androidplattformen vilket innefattar Androids uppbyggnad, Javaprogrammering, design i XML miljö, grunder i Eclipse samt publicering på Google Play (före detta Android market). Projektet resulterar i en Androidapplikation i form av ett enkelt Pongspel med olika funktioner som highscorelista samt att uppsatsen beskriver det man behöver kunna för att utveckla applikationer för Android.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Andersson, Johan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Hiller, Thomas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Mobile Learning för elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna utredning visar att förekomsten av mobilapplikationer specifikt riktade till dyslektiker är i det närmaste obefintlig. Dessutom är forskningen på området M-Learning mest inriktad på integrerade M-Learning-system och inte på enskilda applikationer. M-Learning (mobilt lärande) är ett forskningsområde som kan sägas vara en vidareutveckling av E-Learning. Detta är ett växande forskningsområde och med explosionen av smarta telefoner och surfplattor bör för- och nackdelarna med  M-Learning kunna utnyttjas i större utsträckning. På uppdrag av Gävle kommun och med handledning av Sogeti har en prototyp mobilapplikation för elever med dyslexi utvecklats för Android-plattformen. Prototypen som framtagits visar att en mobilapplikation för elever med dyslexi med fördel kan utnyttja mobila enheters multimodalitet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Olofsson, Marcus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Methods for Freezing Time with Computer Graphics Imagery2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The most effective method to create an illusion of frozen time in film media was explored for this research. Starting with a description and evaluation of different methods of achieving the effect, this document describes the implementation of a specific technique for a particular project to test freezing time. It was also established to aid students in their understanding of the process in both pre- and post-production. After testing and researching, the method of filming still-posing actors with a high speed camera was chosen. However, the testing and pre-production phase demanded a large amount of time, therefore for the remainder of the project only one scene was established. For budget and time consuming purposes the two recommended techniques are; camera projection and filming still-posing actors with a high speed camera. The choice between these two methods mainly depends on the amount of camera movement.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 22.
    Andersson, Sebastian
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Karaktärsdesign: från koncept till färdig spelkaraktär2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Denna rapport innefattar skapandeprocessen för en spelkaraktär. Vilka metoder som används i dagens industri och vilka verktyg som artisterna använder för att en 3dkaraktär till next-gen spel. Den undersöker även vilka slags tekniker som används för att skapa en personlighet och ett utseende som gör karaktären minnesvärd. Vilka metoder som kan användas för att skapa en viss känsla hos karaktärer. Rapporten går också igenom en av alla de olika vägarna man kan ta för att skapa en karaktär från koncept till färdig spelkaraktär. Detta med hjälp av välkända program och tekniker som används.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT02
  • 23.
    Andersson, Tomas
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Controlling the fluid dynamics: an analysis of the workflow of fluids2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A scene containing dynamic fluids can be created in a number of ways. There are two approaches that will highlight the problems and obstacles that might occur. Today’s leading fluid simulator, RealFlow, simulates the fluid dynamics. A comparison between the two approaches will be made and are analyzed. Through experimentation, one of the approaches fails to produce the set requirements in the experiment and furthermore the two approaches differ in efficiency.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 24. Andrienko, Gennady
    et al.
    Dykes, JasonJiang, BinUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Urban and regional planning/GIS-institute.
    GeoViz Hamburg 2011: Linking geovisualization with spatial analysis and modeling2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Andrée, Martin
    et al.
    Lantmäteriet.
    Paasch, Jesper M.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Paulsson, Jenny
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    BIM and 3D property visualisation2018In: FIG Congress 2018: Proceedings, 2018, article id 9367Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of 3D property has only existed a short period of time in Sweden, being introduced in 2004 and expanded in 2009 by the addition of condominium (apartment) ownership. It is therefore a rather new form of land management, and the demand for 3D property formation has not been as high as initially expected. There is however an increased interest in 3D property and ownership apartments today, also as being part of the nation’s geospatial infrastructure together with related 3D information for e.g. buildings, utility networks and other features. An effective management of 3D property is depending on, among other things, visualization, representation and storage of 3D real property data, such as legal boundaries and real property rights. There are at present a number of ongoing 3D development and research projects focusing on visualization and standardization of 3D cadastral boundaries. They are part of the national "Smart Built Environment" development and research program, which includes the use of BIM in the (future) 3D property formation process with focus on visualization of 3D real property and condominiums, and specification of requirements and evaluation of 3D digital real property information created and managed in the processes.

    This paper presents the preliminary results of the working group on visualization of 3D boundaries in the project "Smart planning, construction and management processes throughout the life cycle". The aim is to test the results produced in the project "Information for planning, real property formation and building permission", working group "BIM for 3D property formation." The purpose of this working group is to set the requirements for and evaluate the test bed for 3D property information. The focus is on visualization of 3D property and ownership apartments. The proposed model for digitization and visualization of 3D property formation will be tested in a test bed environment. A pilot case from the Stockholm area is then used in the test bed to see how it could work in practice.

    The expected outcome is recommendations for the exchange of documentation and other digital information in 3D processes, the visualization of legal boundaries for stakeholders, registration of legal 3D objects in the Swedish national real property register and how to communicate 3D models to right holders/stakeholders for 3D property and condominiums and the property market, as well as suggestions for a homogeneous, effective and digital flow of 3D information to be used by actors and other stakeholders in the property formation, planning and building processes.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Computational and spatial analyses of rooftops for urban solar energy planning2022Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In cities where land availability is limited, rooftop photovoltaic panels (RPVs) offer high potential for satisfying concentrated urban energy demand by using only rooftop areas. However, accurate estimation of RPVs potential in relation to their spatial distribution is indispensable for successful energy planning. Classification, plane segmentation, and spatial analysis are three important aspects in this context. Classification enables extracting rooftops and allows for estimating solar energy potential based on existing training samples. Plane segmentation helps to characterize rooftops by extracting their planar patches. Additionally, spatial analyses enable the identification of rooftop utilizable areas for placing RPVs. This dissertation aims to address some issues associated with these three aspects, particularly (a) training support vector machines (SVMs) in large datasets, (b) plane segmentation of rooftops, and (c) identification of utilizable areas for RPVs. SVMs are among the most potent classifiers and have a solid theoretical foundation. However, they have high time complexity in their training phase, making them inapplicable in large datasets. Two new instance selection methods were proposed to accelerate the training phase of SVMs. The methods are based on locality-sensitive hashing and are capable of handling large datasets. As an application, they were incorporated into a rooftop extraction procedure, followed by plane segmentation. Plane segmentation of rooftops for the purpose of solar energy potential estimation should have a low risk of overlooking superstructures, which play an essential role in the placement of RPVs. Two new methods for plane segmentation in high-resolution digital surface models were thus developed. They have an acceptable level of accuracy and can successfully extract planar segments by considering superstructures. Not all areas of planar segments are utilizable for mounting RPVs, and some factors may further limit their useability. Two spatial methods for identifying RPV-utilizable areas were developed in this realm. They scrutinize extracted planar segments by considering panel installation regulations, solar irradiation, roof geometry, and occlusion, which are necessary for a realistic assessment of RPVs potential. All six proposed methods in this thesis were thoroughly evaluated, and the experimental results show that they can successfully achieve the objectives for which they were designed.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 27.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Mesgari, Mohammad Saadi
    Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science. Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
    Wiering, Marco
    Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Engineering, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Developing adaptive traffic signal control by actor-critic and direct exploration methods2019In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Transport, ISSN 0965-092X, E-ISSN 1751-7710, Vol. 172, no 5, p. 289-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing efficient traffic signal controllers has always been an important concern in traffic engineering. This is owing to the complex and uncertain nature of traffic environments. Within such a context, reinforcement learning has been one of the most successful methods owing to its adaptability and its online learning ability. Reinforcement learning provides traffic signals with the ability automatically to determine the ideal behaviour for achieving their objective (alleviating traffic congestion). In fact, traffic signals based on reinforcement learning are able to learn and react flexibly to different traffic situations without the need of a predefined model of the environment. In this research, the actor-critic method is used for adaptive traffic signal control (ATSC-AC). Actor-critic has the advantages of both actor-only and critic-only methods. One of the most important issues in reinforcement learning is the trade-off between exploration of the traffic environment and exploitation of the knowledge already obtained. In order to tackle this challenge, two direct exploration methods are adapted to traffic signal control and compared with two indirect exploration methods. The results reveal that ATSC-ACs based on direct exploration methods have the best performance and they consistently outperform a fixed-time controller, reducing average travel time by 21%.

  • 28.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science. Uppsala universitet.
    A fast instance selection method for support vector machines in building extraction2020In: Applied Soft Computing, ISSN 1568-4946, E-ISSN 1872-9681, Vol. 97, no B, article id 106716Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Training support vector machines (SVMs) for pixel-based feature extraction purposes from aerial images requires selecting representative pixels (instances) as a training dataset. In this research, locality-sensitive hashing (LSH) is adopted for developing a new instance selection method which is referred to as DR.LSH. The intuition of DR.LSH rests on rapidly finding similar and redundant training samples and excluding them from the original dataset. The simple idea of this method alongside its linear computational complexity make it expeditious in coping with massive training data (millions of pixels). DR.LSH is benchmarked against two recently proposed methods on a dataset for building extraction with 23,750,000 samples obtained from the fusion of aerial images and point clouds. The results reveal that DR.LSH outperforms them in terms of both preservation rate and maintaining the generalization ability (classification loss). The source code of DR.LSH can be found in https://github.com/mohaslani/DR.LSH.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science. Uppsala universitet.
    A Spatially Detailed Approach to the Assessment of Rooftop Solar Energy Potential based on LiDAR Data2022In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - GISTAM, ScitePress , 2022, p. 56-63Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rooftop solar energy has long been regarded as a promising solution to cities’ growing energy demand and environmental problems. A reliable estimate of rooftop solar energy facilitates the deployment of photovoltaics and helps formulate renewable-related policies. This reliable estimate underpins the necessity of accurately pinpointing the areas utilizable for mounting photovoltaics. The size, shape, and superstructures of rooftops as well as shadow effects are the important factors that have a considerable impact on utilizable areas. In this study, the utilizable areas and solar energy potential of rooftops are estimated by considering the mentioned factors using a three-step methodology. The first step involves training PointNet++, a deep network for object detection in point clouds, to recognize rooftops in LiDAR data. Second, planar segments of rooftops are extracted using clustering. Finally, areas that receive sufficient solar irradiation, have an appropriate size, and fulfill photovoltaic installation requirements are identified using morphological operations and predefined thresholds. The obtained results show high accuracy for rooftop extraction (93%) and plane segmentation (99%). Moreover, the spatially detailed analysis indicates that 17% of rooftop areas are usable for photovoltaics.

  • 30.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Efficient and decision boundary aware instance selection for support vector machines2021In: Information Sciences, ISSN 0020-0255, E-ISSN 1872-6291, Vol. 577, p. 579-598Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Support vector machines (SVMs) are powerful classifiers that have high computational complexity in the training phase, which can limit their applicability to large datasets. An effective approach to address this limitation is to select a small subset of the most representative training samples such that desirable results can be obtained. In this study, a novel instance selection method called border point extraction based on locality-sensitive hashing (BPLSH) is designed. BPLSH preserves instances that are near the decision boundaries and eliminates nonessential ones. The performance of BPLSH is benchmarked against four approaches on different classification problems. The experimental results indicate that BPLSH outperforms the other methods in terms of classification accuracy, preservation rate, and execution time. The source code of BPLSH can be found in https://github.com/mohaslani/BPLSH. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science. Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
    Mohammad Saadi, Mesgari
    Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wiering, Marco A.
    Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Engineering, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Traffic signal optimization through discrete and continuous reinforcement learning with robustness analysis in downtown Tehran2018In: Advanced Engineering Informatics, ISSN 1474-0346, E-ISSN 1873-5320, Vol. 38, p. 639-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic signal control plays a pivotal role in reducing traffic congestion. Traffic signals cannot be adequately controlled with conventional methods due to the high variations and complexity in traffic environments. In recent years, reinforcement learning (RL) has shown great potential for traffic signal control because of its high adaptability, flexibility, and scalability. However, designing RL-embedded traffic signal controllers (RLTSCs) for traffic systems with a high degree of realism is faced with several challenges, among others system disturbances and large state-action spaces are considered in this research.

    The contribution of the present work is founded on three features: (a) evaluating the robustness of different RLTSCs against system disturbances including incidents, jaywalking, and sensor noise, (b) handling a high-dimensional state-action space by both employing different continuous state RL algorithms and reducing the state-action space in order to improve the performance and learning speed of the system, and (c) presenting a detailed empirical study of traffic signals control of downtown Tehran through seven RL algorithms: discrete state Q-learning(λ" role="presentation">), SARSA(λ" role="presentation">), actor-critic(λ" role="presentation">), continuous state Q-learning(λ" role="presentation">), SARSA(λ" role="presentation">), actor-critic(λ" role="presentation">), and residual actor-critic(λ" role="presentation">).

    In this research, first a real-world microscopic traffic simulation of downtown Tehran is carried out, then four experiments are performed in order to find the best RLTSC with convincing robustness and strong performance. The results reveal that the RLTSC based on continuous state actor-critic(λ" role="presentation">) has the best performance. In addition, it is found that the best RLTSC leads to saving average travel time by 22% (at the presence of high system disturbances) when it is compared with an optimized fixed-time controller.

  • 32.
    Aspenfelt, Zebastian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Game art workflow: Open-source and comercial programs2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For years, game companies have been using different programs for the creation of the newest most inspiring games. A short presentation about different programs used for game art is provided with key aspects in developing art for games in character production. One aim is to showcase the potential of open-source programs. Two projects with two different characters were created for games testing the workflow between open-source, free application and also commercial programs. The results of the projects are discussed and then the document focuses on explaining what the negative side of open-source programs is and why they should not be used. After the discussion, a conclusion is made explaining the similarities and differences between open-source and commercial programs.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Aurosell, Rickard
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Linde, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Utveckling av tjänsteplaneringssystem2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Högskolan i Gävle har inget gemensamt system för tjänsteplanering. Processen är ineffektivt och innefattar ifyllandet av Excel-ark. Detta arbete omfattar designen och skapandet av ett tjänsteplaneringssystem åt en tjänsteplanerare vid HiG. Det som efterfrågades var ett system som är smidigare och ger möjlighet att överblicka det som planerats. Systemet behövde bara stödja en användare. Ett system skapades som består av en databas och en användarapplikation som kommunicerar med databasen. Som databas användes MySQL och applikationen skrevs i Java. Befintliga datakällor på HiG med kurser och personal används för att minimera mängden manuell inmatning. Systemet är en fungerande lösning klart för användning som överträffade beställarens förhoppningar.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Axelsson, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Svenvall, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Integrating Autodesk Mayas muscle simulation with Kinect motion capture2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In most of the animation pipelines today, motion capture and different simulations e.g. Autodesk Maya Muscle is used to get a more realistic feel of an animation. The main goal of this Thesis is to make a character appear and move in as natural a way as possible and exploring different methods on receiving a good result. It will answer different question on how to record movement and using that data together with a system that simulates muscles. To complete this process we will record using a Microsoft Kinect Camera, which is originally hardware for Xbox movement software. For our muscle simulation we used Autodesk Maya Muscle, where we built a muscle system. This will be research through finding information on each subject separately and trough experiments combing the two together

    Download full text (pdf)
    Integrating Autodesk Mayas muscle simulation with Kinect motion capture
  • 35.
    Axelsson, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    SWEPOS Karttjänst2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    SWEPOS Karttjänst
  • 36.
    Barreby, Martin
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för datavetenskap.
    When is it Necessary to Use Muscle Systems to Enhance 3D Animation?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    To build muscles to enhance the animation of a 3D character takes more time and effort than the standard character rig. In some cases, the muscles will not be noticeable and therefore are unnecessary. This research tried to find the moments when the muscles did or did not make a difference. The new Maya Muscle System is also explored and the procedure to create muscles for a standard rig is explained. The test that was performed showed that the muscles are more noticeable in all cases.

     

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 37.
    Bartel, Kyle
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Allocating Optimal Grid-Connected Solar Photovoltaic Power Plant Sites: GIS-Based Multi-Criteria Modeling of Solar PV Site Selection in the Southern Thompson-Okanagan Region, British Columbia, Canada2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fossil fuels and non-renewable resources are being replaced with, as modern day society has coined the term, green energy. This movement towards green energy creates a demand for renewable energy resources, such as solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. This study used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in conjunction with Remote Sensing (RS) practices and two weighting systems the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Rank-Order methods for PV site selection. Six multi-criteria models were developed using spatial factors and constraining images to locate potential photovoltaic power plant sites for three settings of fixed axis PV arrays. This analysis was performed at a macro regional scale and further analysis is encouraged for micro site selection. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Allocating Optimal GPPP Sites
  • 38.
    Benenson, Itzhak
    et al.
    Department of Geography and Human Environment, University Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Jiang, BinUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Urban and regional planning/GIS-institute.
    Special issue: GIS in Spatial Planning2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Bergh, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Wistbacka, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Projekt privat webshop2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Beställaren har efterfrågat för sin hobbyverksamhet en egen webshop där hon kan sälja sina produkter. Beställaren vill ha en användarvänlig sida för att kunna locka så bred publik som möjligt. I framtiden så kan sidan utvecklas till att låta fler säljare ha sina produkter på sidan. Sidan ska ha grundläggande funktioner som en fungerande varukorg, tydlig produktvy samt ett gränssnitt för att administrera produkter. De språk som sidan har utvecklats i är PHP, HTML5, MySQL och CSS. Sidan är en grund med möjlighet till många utvecklingsmöjligheter både funktions och designmässigt. Vårt mål är att göra en fungerande prototyp.

    Download full text (pdf)
    exjobb_Daniel_Bergh_Stefan_Wistbacka
  • 40.
    Bergkvist, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Karlstad University.
    Humble, Niklas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University.
    Johansson, John
    Karlstad University.
    Redesigning Professional Development on Digital Transformation Using Andragogy as a Theoretical Lens2023In: Proceedings of the 22nd European Conference on e-Learning (ECEL 2023) / [ed] Dr Sarah Jane Johnston & Dr Shawren Singh, ACI Academic Conferences International, 2023, Vol. 22, p. 25-32Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regarding the ongoing digitalisation in the knowledge society, professional development seems more crucial than ever. The need for upskilling and reskilling is described as continuous lifelong learning, which must be combined and synchronised with the life of full-time working learners. Content, pedagogical models and instructional design in university courses are often created for students in Bachelor's and Master's programs instead of tailored for adults working full-time. This study describes and discusses andragogy as a potential knowledge base for redesigning professional development courses on digital transformation. Evaluations from two instances of a course for professionals on digital transformation showed that the course participants overall are satisfied with the course. However, only a few course participants take the exam to get credits. Therefore, the research question that guided this study was, "What redesign options for increased pass rates and learner satisfaction in professional development for adult learners can be identified using andragogy as a theoretical lens?" The course is on distance and contains four modules with synchronous and asynchronous learning activities, resulting in five European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). The empirical material consisted of course participants' check-in presentation before the course started, mid-term evaluation, final evaluations, and a learning diary containing 58 entries. The data was deductively analysed using the theory of andragogy as an analytical lens. The findings imply that instructors should put effort into how different parts of the course are connected, supporting learners' need to know. Further, to enhance the course participants' prior experience as a resource for learning by adding learning activities, they exchange experiences and examples with each other, adding to their learning process and networking. The pedagogic parts of understanding the theoretical course material could be split into pieces through exercises where the participants apply conceptual models and concepts to real-situation problems. The learning diary could help the participants align the new knowledge with their prior knowledge with a focus on professional roles and work situations. The identified redesign options create opportunities to increase pedagogical parts like readiness, orientation, and motivation to learn according to the current higher education system. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Berglund, Oskar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Förbättring av det grafiska användargränssnittet i Autodesk Maya i relation till måttriktig 3D-modellering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom 3D-grafik, visualiseringar, spel och VR finns ett behov av måttriktig modellering. Traditionellt så används CAD-program för att uppnå ett exakt eller precist resultat. Men då CAD-program inte utmatar polygonal geometri så fungerar det inte att använda resultatet direkt i tidigare nämnda kategorier. Denna studie ämnar att underlätta måttriktig polygonal modellering i Autodesk Maya genom ett tillägg i form av ett grafiskt användargränssnitt. Effektiviteten av detta mäts genom tidtagning på modellering av CAD-ritningar i polygoner hos en testgrupp både med och utan tillägget samt en kvalitetskontroll där resultatet jämförs med specifikationen. Medelresultatet av testgruppens användning av tillägget var en förbättring i tidsåtgång gentemot endast Maya. Geometrin hade även bättre måttriktighet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Bergman, Sofie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Humble, Niklas
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Sentiment Analysis for Emotional Navigation in Written Communication: What Support do Autistic People Need?2022In: European Conference on the Impact of AI and Robotics (ECIAIR 2022), ACI Academic Conferences International , 2022, p. 6-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A subfield of artificial intelligence is that of natural language processing and sentiment analysis. The interest in sentiment analysis has increased with the development of the internet and web 2.0. With sentiment analysis it is possible to analyse the sentiment or emotions of written communication through dictionary-based sentiment analysis or machine learning algorithms. However, sentiment analysis also holds the potential of supporting people with disadvantages in interpreting the nuances in written communication. One such group is autistic people. The aim of the study is to examine autistic peoples’ perceptions of important design factors and functionality for an application with sentiment analysis to support emotional navigation in written communication. This study has been conducted with the first steps of design science to outline the requirements of a potential application that can support autistic people to navigate the emotions in written communication with sentiment analysis. The problem to be addressed was identified through related research and one of authors’ own experience of navigating written communications with autism. The requirements for the application were the main focus for this study and has been the primarily concern for data collection. Data have been collected through semi-structured interviews with autistic people and analysed with thematic analysis. Results of the study provide several important recommendations for the design of applications with sentiment analysis to support autistic people navigate the emotions in written communication. The study further provides an understanding of autistic peoples’ needs when navigating written communication. These findings can be used by researchers and developers to design support-applications with autistic peoples’ needs in the centre. An interesting next step of research would be to develop a prototype with the findings of this study addressed in the application’s functionality and design, which could then be evaluated on a larger scale.

  • 43.
    Bergström, Adam
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences.
    Larsson, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences.
    Automatiserad mönsterigenkänning av stenmurar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Automated pattern recognition of stone walls, within both point cloud and image processing, can help identify previously inaccessible areas than with only image pro-cessing. This is important as stone walls are biotopes and serve as structures and have ecological functions for both plants and animals. An automated pattern recog-nition can also benefit Sweden with the fulfillment of the national environmental quality objectives, as well as several commitments from the EU which promote the preservation of biological diversity and cultural heritage. However, conventional airborne laser scanners, via airplanes, have not had a sufficiently high point density and penetration of dense forests. This study therefore aims to use an improved tech-nology in Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), where data is collected from Sin-gle Photon LiDAR (SPL). Then, the automated pattern recognition will be used to discover stone walls in varied terrain.

    After the evaluation, two out of five stone walls were identified, one of which had rendered 99.99% of the target area and the other had a 75% target area, although both also displayed one false hit outside of the desired area. The remaining missing area, as well as the other stone walls, could not be identified because of nearby fac-tors such as shrubbery and trees, but even though the method selection for this study did not provide a 100% match on all stone walls, the data from the SPL tech-nology is still useful for pattern recognition with its point density and penetration. The conclusion of this work is that a point cloud filtering must be improved, if not adapted for each area of stone walls, to create better areas of interest before image processing of segmentation and pattern recognition can be implemented. However, the study shows that a combination of point cloud and image processing for auto-matic pattern recognition is a useful way of identifying stone walls.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Björklund, Jesper
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Svensson, Mischa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Webbapplikation för utsättning och registrering av fågelholkar med hjälp av multikriterieanalys2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På grund av kalhuggning har förutsättningen förändrats förhålboende fåglar. Bohålsbristen går att åtgärda med placering av nya fågelholkar. Genom att använda GIS går det att strategiskt välja de bästa områdena att sätta ut nya fågelholkar. Med hjälp av crowdsourcing och mobiltelefoner går det kartlägga holkarna som kan användas som underlag för nyplacering eller som hjälp för analys som t.ex. arters spridning. Studien visar hur man kan erhålla ett system för multikriterieanalys i realtid online för mobiltelefoner som utnyttjar crowdsourcing och öppna standarder. PostGIS, Leaflet, Geoserver, PyWPS, GRASS GIS har använts för att uppfylla kraven på prototypen. Tidsåtgången av detta system utvärderades genom att mäta tiden för utförande av algoritmen och tiden för förfrågan till utritningen av resultatet. Resultatet visar att det är möjligt att utföra multikriterieanalyser på kort tid som är acceptabel för användare av smarta mobiltelefoner på fält och att det går att urskilja närliggande fågelholkar. Denna metod skulle kunna anpassas för liknande scenarion.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Björklund, Niklas
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Acting in animation2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is important to remember actors and animators are similar in many respects, but also very different in some. They both frame and provide life to a character, through thoughts and feelings. To obtain a better understanding of how professional animators work and what methods they use, this thesis contains general background information on animation and the Principles in Animation, as well as the analysis of acting and the different acting concepts. By studying these methods and utilizing them in my own work, a short animation was developed to visualize a characters personality through his actions. The result was then applied to a questionnaire to determine if the audience could pick out the characters personality only through the animation without dialog, music, or sound. According to the interviewed audience, they could feel some of the characters emotions and pick out some of the inner thoughts and feelings from the animation.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 46.
    Björklund, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Felrapportering av datakonvertering2008Student paper second term, 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Connect hos Sandvik system development efterfrågar en applikation för att lösa rapporteringen av sina datakonverteringar mellan olika system. Systemet som data konverteras till är PeopleSoft, som är ett av Oracels databassystem. Applikationen skapas med hjälp av diverse verktyg som finns integrerade i PeopleSofts egna verktygspaket PeopleTools, där PeopeCode som är PeopleSofts egna programmeringsspråk inkluderas. Applikationen genererar en rapport innehållande tre delrapporter, varav en delrapport på fel och avvikelser som skett under en konvertering, en delrapport där data innan och delrapport med relevant data gällande en konvertering.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 47.
    Björkman, Pontus
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    A Muscular Rig for Smooth Skinning in Autodesk Maya2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The limitations of the default skinning methods in Autodesk Maya can be compensated for when seeking realistic skin deformations of a human being. The main focus is put on the construction of an example muscular rig in Autodesk Maya, and an explanation of what criteria the rig is supposed to fulfill. From a merged three dimensional and artistic view, the components of the rig is discussed and evaluated to establish an understanding of how the system needs to work in order to produce realistic skin deformations. The research is performed via design and creation experiments on the various parts of the system, and even though the initial theory has met its demands, some of the practical performance yet abandons a lot to wish.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 48.
    Blom, Andrej
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Comparing FumeFx with Autodesk Maya Dynamic System2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main problem areas within computer graphics is simulating natural phenomena’s, working with fluid solvers, and particle systems. In the special effects industry, there is a demand for mimicking appearance of common special effect such as fire, smoke, and water. Autodesk Maya and FumeFx are used for exploring those methods in creating smoke and fire simulations and implementing those into a

    large dynamic system, while researching the possibility to efficiently control and modify an entire dynamic system on a per object level. Final production renders results are from both Maya and FumeFx.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 49.
    Blomqvist, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    3D-visualizations for building interiors in a GIS perspective2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Presented in this work is a visualization in 3D of building interiors. Fields such asfacility management is of interest for this concept. Data that is to be visualized has,unlike most previous GIS, access to the third dimension to describe floors of abuilding in a realistic manner. Tests to determine strengths and weaknesses of 3Dconcepts compared to widely known 2D concepts is being performed. Factors toconsider in visualization theory is taken into context to combine visualization andGIS. The results is expected to have positive effects for users interested in facilitymanagement.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 50.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Lindecrantz, Mikael
    Linköping University.
    Blomsma, Fenna
    Universität Hamburg, Germany.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology. Linköping University.
    De Meester, Ben
    IMEC - Ghent University, Belgium.
    Decentralized Digital Twins of Circular Value Networks - A Position Paper2022In: Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Semantic Digital Twins: Co-located with the 19th Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2022) / [ed] Raúl García-Castro, John Davies, CEUR Workshop Proceedings , 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular economy aims at reducing value loss and avoiding waste, by circulating material or productparts before they become waste. Today, lack of support for sharing data in a secure, quality assured, andautomated way is one of the main obstacles that industry actors point to when attempting to create newcircular value networks. Together with using different terminologies and not having explicit definitions ofthe concepts that appear in data, this makes it very difficult to create new ecosystems of actors in Europetoday. A solution to these challenges needs to leverage open standards for semantic data interoperabilityin establishing a shared vocabulary (ontology network) for data documentation, as well as create adecentralized digital platform that enables collaboration in a secure and confidentiality-preservingmanner. This vocabulary can then be used to construct digital twins of circular value networks to furtherenable open collaboration. Once defined, the blueprints of these digital twins will be reusable as templatesand can be reused with a different set of actors, or used within a different industry domain. This visionincludes a number of open research problems, including the development of ontologies that need to modela wide range of different materials and products, not only providing vertical interoperability but alsohorizontal interoperability, for cross-industry value networks. As well as transdisciplinary research onmethods to find, analyse and assess new circular value chain configurations, and form their decentralizeddigital twins. The solutions will allow for automation of planning, management, and execution of circularvalue networks, at a European scale, and beyond. Thereby supporting the acceleration of the digitaland green transitions, automating the discovery and formation of new collaborations in the circulareconomy. 

1234567 1 - 50 of 684
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf