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  • 1.
    Abdalmunim, Rand
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Effektivisering av bygglovsprocessen gällande ändring av kulturhistoriskt värdefull bebyggelse: En fallstudie av ett miljonprogramsområde-Nya Nordostprojektet i Gävle2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor del av Sveriges bebyggelse har byggts mellan 1965 och 1974 eftersom det rådde stor bostadsbrist i Sverige. Regeringen beslutade att en miljon bostäder skulle uppföras under denna tid, det s.k. miljonprogrammet. Det byggdes bostäder i varierande former och storlekar för att bygga bort bostadsbristen. Storskaligheten och en stor grad av upprepning av identiska hus är kännetecken för miljonprogrammets bebyggelser. Nu är det dags att renovera dessa byggnader. I och med att dessa byggnader är av allmänt intresse då de speglar en del av Sveriges arkitekturhistoria ställer kommunerna vissa krav vid renovering av dem. Det kommunala företaget Gavlegårdarna i Gävle tar initiativ till att utveckla bygglovsprocessen för sådana bebyggelser. Detta görs för att reducera tiden för framställande av ett godkänt bygglov samt effektivisera och underlätta kommunikationen med kommunen under hela projektet. För att kunna bevara dessa byggnader i högsta möjliga mån har Gavlegårdarna utarbetat en effektiviseringsprocess genom att hyra in en extern bevarandeexpert för att fungera som en bro mellan företaget och kommunen samt för att kunna dela med sig av sina erfarenheter gällande bevarandet av det eventuella området. Dessutom har Gavlegårdarna låtit kommunen vara med från ett tidigt skede, d.v.s. redan från den första presentationen av förslaget. Därmed har kommunen fått vara med och medverka i förslaget, redan innan bygglovsansökan.

     

    Detta examensarbete tar upp konsekvenserna av de nya tillagda rutinerna och hur de har påverkat bygglovsansökningsprocessen för Nya Nordostprojektet. Genom att intervjua de inblandade aktörerna i det undersökta projektet har slutsatsen dragits att dessa rutiner har bidragit till att processen bedrivits mer effektivt jämfört med företagets tidigare projekt. Därutöver visar denna uppsats hur hyresgästerna har engagerat sig i det eventuella arbetet. Enkätundersökning har utförts för att kunna höra hyresgästernas åsikt.

     

    Det har visat sig att de nya rutinerna har effektiviserat tiden för bygglovsansöknings-processen. Tiden har förkortats jämförts med Gavlegårdarnas övriga projekt. Fördröjning i tid kostar företaget mer pengar. Dessutom har den förbättrade kommunikationen underlättat för båda parter att ta emot klagomål lättare och acceptera det. Det bidrar till att kommande problem kan lösas smidigare. Undersökningen har även visat att i projekt som Nya Nordost tas inte stor hänsyn till hyresgästernas åsikter, då byggherren redan är styrd från kommunen, vilket försvårar att flera kan vara med och välja. Ett annat resultat av denna undersökning var att de intervjuade personerna hade olika åsikter om bevarandet gällande Nordost. De flesta tyckte att Nordost ej var värt att bevara. Undersökningen visade även att hyresgästerna inte har engagerat sig lika mycket i bevarandet av gamla byggnader jämfört med att bo i ett modernare och nyrenoverat område.

  • 2.
    Al-Saour Rafie, Mais
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Farhad, Tafan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Tillgänglighet och användbarhet i nybyggnation: En fallstudie - Bostadslägenheter på Gävle Strand Etapp2 - Gavlegårdarna2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human beings are always considered to be the starting point for various construction projects; their needs and interests should always be the center of each successful design. At the same time, considerations should be given to activities and surrounding environment to ensure that buildings can be both accessible and usable.

    The accessibility and usability requirements for constructions were introduced in 1977 by the National Housing Board and have evolved since then. The requirements are still developing to achieve homes that are accessible and useable, especially for people with disabilities. They have also been tightened in particular concerning the design of new construction and alteration of buildings.

    Gavlegårdarna have, in 2012, built new residential apartments with high accessibility standards. The apartments in Gävle Strand, Stage 2 are located in an area next to the sea and offer new opportunities for a modern way of living. Considering the new residential area of Gävle Strand, this case study focuses on the accessibility standards concerning three categories of disabilities: limited mobility, limited vision and limited hearing. The case study examines three selected apartments with different living area. The purpose of the case study is to assess the accessibility and usability of the apartments. This is done through an inventory using a wheelchair, taking a walking tour while blindfolded and using a cane. Before the assessment of the apartments' requirements, an inventory list of respective apartments was prepared. The list is based on regulations, laws and recommendations from Building Regulations and Swedish Standard.

    The results of the case study categorize the apartments in two levels: normal- and high level accessibility. Spaces and details that are considered to have high accessibility have externally contrast markings including the entrances and stairways. Inside, the apartments are well planned for enhanced usability and there are spacious areas where a wheelchair can move without any difficulty.

    The conclusion shows that all apartments meet the requirements at normal level which is the minimum level of accessibility and usability. Despite the general assessment of the apartments’ well-planned design, the study finds flaws in the form of a cramped bathrooms and high thresholds to the balcony doors. Finally, in order to achieve high availability the case study presents improvements and measures that need to be changed to the presented deficiencies.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
    Jonsson, Andreas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
    Nyström, Niklas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
    Insvällning av olimmade och limmade trädymlingar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Wood is a renewable material, unlike many other building materials. The amount of wood used in the construction industry can be increased by using wooden dowels as a substitute for screws and nails. Screws and nails are made of metals, which are non-renewable materials. The manufacturing process of metal-based materials is more energy consuming than it is for wooden materials and therefore it has a greater impact on our global environment.The purpose of this study was to investigate the adhesion capacity of wooden dowel-joints, non-glued and glued made out of beech and pine. The attachment of the non-glued wooden dowels was achieved by swelling of the wood. Swelling was achieved by first drying the wooden dowels in an oven and then letting them acclimatize with the surrounding materials and the relative air humidity. The adhesion capacity of the wooden dowels should be able to compete with the withdrawal strength of nails to be practically useful.Tensile strength tests have been carried out in the laboratory in house 45 at the University of Gavle to determine the adhesion capacity of wooden dowel-joints. The tensile strength tests were performed with a Shimadzu AG-X machine. The results of the tests have been compared with the theoretical withdrawal strength for nails. Characteristic strength values have also been calculated from the tensile strength test results for the wooden dowels.The results of the study shows that only the glued wooden dowels can compete with the withdrawal strength of nails. Glued wooden dowels can therefore be a substitute for screws and nails. The calculated characteristic values for glued beech-dowels and glued pine-dowels are 5,2 kN respectively 4,3 kN.

  • 4.
    Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Colding, Johan
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Andersson, Erik
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Schewenius, Maria
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Campus Albano, Stockholm - Creating a social-ecological ‘best practices’ campus area in the Baltic region for supporting learning, innovation, and sense of community: In Live Baltic Campus: Inventory Reports2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Campus Albano is the newest addition to the Stockholm University campus, Stockholm, Sweden. Production commenced on Nov. 30, 2015, after a five-year planning and design process. The student- and researcher accommodations, and the university buildings are expected to be ready by 2018 and 2019, respectively. The project is significant both for its participatory planning process, and for the strong focus on supporting ecosystem services, for example wetlands and allotment gardens, in the final campus design.

  • 5.
    Bladin, Ann-Marie
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Kv. Grillen 6 i Sandviken: Förslag till verksamhet för2008Student paper second term, 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Buccolieri, R.
    et al.
    Dipartimento di Informatica, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, Mestre-Venezia, Italy; Dipartimento di Scienza Dei Materiali, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy.
    Sartoretto, F.
    Dipartimento di Informatica, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, Mestre-Venezia, Italy.
    Giacometti, A.
    Dipartimento di Scienza Dei Materiali, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy.
    Di Sabatino, S.
    Dipartimento di Scienza Dei Materiali, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy.
    Leo, L.
    Dipartimento di Scienza Dei Materiali, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy.
    Pulvirenti, B.
    Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e Del Controllo Ambientale, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
    Sandberg, Mats
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Building science - installation technology.
    Wigö, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Building science - installation technology.
    Flow and pollutant dispersion within the Canal Grande channel in Venice (Italy) via CFD techniques2010In: HARMO 2010 - Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes / [ed] Albergel, A., 2010, p. 760-764Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper is aimed at the analysis of flow and pollutant dispersion in a portion of the Canal Grande (Grand Canal) in Venice (Italy) by means of both Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) FLUENT simulations and wind tunnel experiments performed at the University of Gävle (Sweden). For this application, Canal Grande can be viewed as a sort of street canyon where the bottom surface is water and bus boat emissions are the major source of pollution. Numerical investigations were made to assess the effect of the water surface on air flow and pollutant concentrations in the atmosphere. One of the challenges has been to deal with the interface between two immiscible fluids which requires ad-hoc treatment of the wall in terms of the numerical scheme adopted and the grid definition which needs to be much finer than in typical numerical airflow simulations in urban street canyons. Preliminary results have shown that the presence of water at the bottom of the street canyon modifies airflow and turbulence structure with direct consequences on concentration distribution within the domain.

  • 7.
    Chith, Hussein
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Den tillgängliga stationen: Gestaltning av en stationsmiljö på basis av tillgänglighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about accessibility in a station environment. Studies have been made about how an accessible building should be designed. Accessibility is an important issue when striving for a society with equality as the foundation. Sweden is one of the most accessible countries when speaking about the built environment. A result of prosperity and a well-managed democracy. In spite of this there’s still a lot to do and in some areas the politics for disabled persons has major deficiencies. By continuing to strive against improvements Sweden could actually develop into one of the countries that sets the standard for the rest. Clearer directives from the European Union and the Swedish government during the last years has lead into several new laws and regulations about the design of the built environment. In this report studies have been done about how to attain an accessible surrounding with the focus on the environment in station-buildings. The station that has been studied is Nils Ericsson terminal in Gothenburg, Sweden. The aim has been to highlight good solutions for accessibility and to detect areas where it could be done in a different or perhaps better way. This type of studies is hard to do for a person without any disabilities since there, most often, is an obvious lack of personal relations to the issues. Therefore studies about different types of disabilities and a deeper understanding for the exposed people has been very important for the progression of the work. It has also laid the foundation for understanding the laws and the regulations around accessibility. The results showed that the studied terminal obviously had been designed with a wide thought about making it accessible. There were several solutions for helping the ones in need, for example distinctly marked patterns on the floor. Also, the actions for accessing the terminal had been done with great notice to the surrounding architecture since very few things stood out in contrast. The discussion is mostly about how the different solutions actually worked and fulfilled their purpose.

  • 8.
    Enquist, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Solel till Akademiska sjukhuset: möjlig genererad effekt och solcellers estetiska konsekvenser2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today many buildings and it´s nearby surroundings are designed to achieve some kind of environmental goal.The issue concerning energy consumption is currently at focus and it is relevant that we start increase the share of renewable energy. Solar energy is an infinite resource and should therefore be considered when selecting an energy supplier.

     

    Uppsala University hospital is facing major restructuring when parts of the existing buildings will be refurbished and a large new building will be constructed. White Architects have developed a study concerning the new building and for some of the existing buildings on the hospital campus. Uppsala County requires tough energy measures and wants the new building to be classified as an eco-building in Whites following work. The classifications will involve high energy source requirements.

     

    This work has been conducted to see if solar power can be envisaged as a supplementary energy source for the University hospital and also to investigate the aesthetic impact of solar cells on the new building. In this report, solar cells integrated on the facade and PV modules on the roofs have been studied. Focus has been to evaluate the potential of what each option can produce and what opportunity they have to become an intrinsic part of the architecture

     

    The type of solar cell module, which in this case study has been proven to generate most electricity is stand-alone modules on roofs. These are however, more difficult to reconcile with the architecture. Solar cells on the facades should therefore still be considered as an alternative application.The result shows that the potential energy that can be generated by solar panels on the new building is large but not in relation to hospital´s electricity use. It is for that reason questionable whether solar installation, applied on the new building, can be seen as a good additional source of energy or if it will more become a matter of public relations.

  • 9.
    Hang, J.
    et al.
    University of Hong Kong.
    Li, Y. G.
    University of Hong Kong.
    Sandberg, Mats
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Building science - installation technology.
    Buccoliere, Riccardo
    Universita di Lecce.
    Di Sibatino, Silvana
    University of Salento.
    The influence of building height variability on pollutant dispersion and pedestrian ventilation in idealized high-rise urban areas2012In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 56, p. 346-360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies are still required to understand how rural/marine wind remove ground-level pollutants released uniformly in street networks of high-rise urban areas. The link between building height variability and pollutant removal process still remains unclear. Several idealized urban-like neighbourhoods made of 9-row and 18-row small-scale high-rise square arrays (building width B = street width W, building packing density λp = 0.25) were first numerically studied with a parallel approaching wind and neglecting thermal effects. Normalized pollutant transport rates and pedestrian purging flow rate were applied to quantify the contribution of pollutant removal by mean flow and turbulent diffusion and their net purging capacity.

    Results show that the prediction of isothermal turbulent flows agreed generally well with wind tunnel data. For 9-row arrays with building height variations (standard deviation of 0–57.1%) and the same average canopy height (H0 = 2.33W), pollutant removal mainly depends on mean flows. Larger standard deviations tend to induce better pedestrian ventilation. In comparison to small and large standard deviations, medium values of 14.3–42.9% may experience smaller purging capacity by horizontal mean flows but significantly enhance that by vertical mean flows. For arrays with uniform heights, lowering aspect ratios (H/W = 2.33 and 2.67–1.5) or increasing street lengths (9-row to 18-row) may enhance the contribution of removing pollutants by turbulent diffusions across canopy roofs which may be similarly important as that by mean flows. Although further investigations are still required, this paper clarifies the relationship between building layouts, height variability and removal potential of ground-level pollutants in high-rise urban-like geometries.

  • 10.
    Hani, Sami
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Byggmetod, energianvändning, transport: vid jämförelse mellan Gävle Strands Etapp 2 och Maskinisten2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT                                                                                                                    

    Energy use during production of new buildings is an aspect of the hot environmental issues, yet both regulations and studies are absent. In this study a comparison is made on energy use at Strand Etapp 2 which is located at Sjaaregatan 19 and Maskinisten, located at Maskinistgatan 19, both in the city of Gävle. The objective of this study has been to determine which of the projects has the lowest energy use as well as emissions of green house gases due to transportation at the time of erecting the buildings. Maskinisten and Gävle Strand Etapp 2 differ in mainly two points: Gävle Strand Etapp 2 is prefabricated and has wooden frames and Maskinisten is site built and has concrete frame. The method has been to assume a functional unit for the projects in order to make an assessment of which of the projects that have minimum of energy use and emissions. In the calculations, energy use has been divided into three parts: the energy use of the factory (only for the prefabricated project), during transportation and at the building site. The emissions are calculated based on the distance of transportation and the choice of truck when transporting materials and modules. When comparing the two projects a distinct difference can be seen. The prefabricated house, Gävle Strand Etapp 2 requires a lot more energy during production, about 160 % more, compared to site built the Maskinisten. Although the energy use in transport, which is a large part of the total energy of Gävle Strand Stage 2, is disregarded in the comparison, the project still has an energy usage that is about 25 % higher than the value for Maskinisten. The emission that occurs during transport by diesel trucks used in the projects has been calculated in g/ton for each type of trucks and distance. When compared to a previous study, it seems that the amount of emissions is mainly due of the transport distance and not on whether it is transported as complete modules or as separated building materials. To further identify the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods of construction, several project managers from the two projects have been interviewed. The main advantage of prefabricated is considered the shortened construction period and a more efficient work - regardless of the season - on the other hand it is inflexible in comparison to the site-built. Looking only at energy use and emissions, which has been the main issue in this study; it is clear that Maskinisten is the project with the least environmental impact during the construction phase.

  • 11.
    Jakobsson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Marklund, Jesper
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Hälsingegårdarna som världsarv: Möjligheter och svårigheter som världsarvsägare2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In summer 2012, seven farmhouses in Hälsingland were nominated to Word Heritage. The aim of this essay was to study in what ways the World Heritage nomination has affected the farmhouses from a perspective of architectural engineering. One important aspect was to find out if the legal conditions were changed in regards to conservation and modification. Another interesting issue was to see if the farmhouse owners felt restrained in the attendance of their farmhouse because of the nomination. The essay is based on a questionnaire conducted among the farmhouse owners, and studies of relevant literature. Affected authorities have also been contacted, as a means of finding out how they have been working with the nomination of the new World Heritage. The conclusion made after finishing the study was that no legal changes can be observed when comparing the farmhouses former status as listed buildings and their new World Heritage status. The Swedish laws and regulations regarding cultural heritage management were corresponding with the UNESCO demands. The farmhouse owners did not feel prevented from attending to their farmhouses, but had merely a positive attitude towards the nomination.

  • 12.
    Jensfelt, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Involverande Platsgestaltning: En studie i ett bostadsområde i Sätra, Gävle2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om att utforma en mötesplats för aktivitet i ett utvalt område i stadsdelen Sätra, Gävle. Som metod används participativa designmetoder som handlar om att involvera människor så mycket som möjligt. Participativa designmetoder är  socialt hållbara metoder för att utveckla stadsmiljön bl a därför att den tillkännager vikten av att engagera de personer som är närmast berörda. Metoderna tar också fasta på mjuka värden såsom platsidentitet, människors personliga drivkrafter och vilja att tillsammans etablera ett gemensamt område för alla.

    Sätra är en stadsdel i Gävle med över 10 000 invånare. I denna stadsdel finns ett område mellan Gråstensvägen och Jökelvägen som håller på att rustas upp av Gavlegårdarna. Lekplatserna och utomhusplatserna är i nuläget föråldrade samtidigt som det i området bor mycket barn och ungdomar som skulle kunna tänka sig att nyttja dessa om de var mer anpassade efter deras behov. I arbetet har jag därför undersökt denna problematik med hjälp av frågeställningen: Hur kan man med en designprocess som involverar medborgare utforma en plats? Hur kan man utforma denna plats på ett sådant sätt så att det lockar de boende att vistas och mötas och skapa inkluderande och trivsam miljö där platsidentitet uppehålls?

    I arbetet genomförs participativa designmetoder utefter frågeställningen på så sätt att djupintervjuer genomförs med de människor som bor i området för att få en djupare inblick i behov och problematik. Dessa leder i senare fas till workshops där mjuka värden etableras för att kunna jobba vidare med koncept. Platsobservationer och studie av relevant litteratur från både design och arkitekturområdet har använts för att utveckla syfte och metoder för workshops under arbetets gång. 

    Arbetets resultat är i form av en planlösning och en klätterställning som har utformats efter behov samt workshopmodeller som utformats och testats. 

  • 13. Lahtimo, Marjo
    et al.
    Wigö, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Building science - installation technology.
    Modelling of colliding isothermal jets from two ceiling diffusers2011In: Proc. Roomvent 2011: 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study was to create a simple CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) model of colliding isothermal jets from two identical ceiling diffusers facing each other and to study the influence of the distance between the diffusers on the resulting downward jet. The modelling was done using a commercial CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) code. Air flows were visualised with smoke in order to analyse the collision point and flow behaviour after the collision. Velocity measurements were carried out to obtain velocity profiles for the supply air diffusers to be used as initial conditions in the CFD simulations. In addition, measurements were made to determine velocity magnitudes in the collided jets at the occupied zone. Different turbulence models were used in the simulations and compared to the visualised and measured data. As a result a valid CFD model describing the behaviour of the two colliding isothermal jets was created. It was concluded that the CFD models adequately described the phenomena and provided useful data to be used in further studies.

  • 14.
    Larsson, Jerker
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Crona, Andreas
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Anpassat boende i Sandvikens kommun: En enkätundersökning och ett ombyggnadsförslag2008Student paper second term, 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten innefattar tre delar;

    Del I - Enkätundersökning för anpassat boende i Sandviken

    En bostadsenkät skickades ut till 100 hushåll i Sandvikens kommun för att undersöka om det finns ett intresse för anpassat boende, om så är fallet söks även när intresset finns samt vilken typ av bostad som efterfrågas. 45 % svarade på enkäten varav 60 % av dessa kunde tänka sig att flytta. Det var huvudsakligen de som hade postadress Sandviken som var mest intresse av flytt. Den mest eftersökta bostaden var på 2, 3 eller 4 rum och kök i centrala Sandviken. Bostaden skall ha närhet till affärer, service, hälsocentral och apotek, samt närhet till natur, grönområde, promenadstigar och badhus. Undersökningen visade att kök var den viktigaste bostadsdelen och att badrum, vardagsrum och balkong/uteplats var även de viktiga. Minst viktigt i bostaden var sovrum och hall. Det efterfrågades i större utsträckning om en hög standard i bostaden där det var viktigt med modernt badrum och kök.

    Del II – Förslag till bostadsprogram för anpassat boende

    I denna del av rapporten görs en litteraturstudie för att få mer kunskap om vilka behov och krav som ställs vid ny- och ombyggnation av en bostad för att göra den mer tillgänglig. Litteraturstudien inriktar sig mot normalt åldrande och vilka problem som kan uppstå samt hur en bostad kan planeras för att en rullstolsbunden skall kunna bruka bostaden.

    Del III – Ombyggnadsförslag på Dalslänningen i Sandviken

    Rapporten beskriver ”Anpassat boende” som ett lättillgängligt boende utan trösklar och med genomtänkta bostadslösningar, där det både finns bra badrum och ett bra utformat kök för lätt användning. Detta tankesätt skall överföras till ett ombyggnadsförslag på Dalslänningen, ett flerbostadshus i centrala Sandviken byggt 1964, den aktuella byggnaden har 57 lägenheter. Eftersom bostadshuset är byggt efter miljonprogrammets tankar och idéer, leder detta till ett antal problem vid anpassningen för tillgänglighet då husen är oftast byggda efter minimimått. Byggnaden har våtutrymmen runt varje trapphus, därför väljs det en tillbyggnadslösning med hiss och ny entré.

  • 15.
    Linemar, Samuel
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Ström, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Tillgänglighetsanpassning av entréer vid Högskolan i Gävle: För personer med nedsatt orienteringsförmåga2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From a former study, regarding the accessibility for persons with reduced mobility, itwas recommended that a similar study regarding the accessibility for persons withorientation disabilities should take place. The aim of this study is to investigate if theentrances of the University of Gävle are accessible for persons with orientationdisabilities. The inventory of the study is based on BBR’s accessibility chapter and itscommon advice. In the study, twelve of the entrances at the University of Gävle wereexamined. The study also presents proposals to change the entrances in form of floorplans to illustrate how to make them accessible. The study also includes an estimatedcost for the whole change. In the study, a laboratory and an interview with theaccessibility coordinator of the Community of Gävle also occur. The result of the studyshowed that the entrances of the University of Gävle have flaws with the accessibilityfor persons with orientation disabilities. One of the main problems that was discoveredwas the lack of signs which makes the orientation more difficult. Another problem thatwas discovered was the condition of the contrast markings. They were all worn. It wasalso observed that the lightning of the building was inadequate. The results show thatthe University of Gävle has some improvements to do, to get the school accessible foreveryone. Delimitations that have been done to this study is that there are only thetwelve main entrances that have been examined. It was also difficult to find test personswith orientation disabilities to the experiment. Therefore, we performed the experiment.

  • 16.
    Ring, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Norlin, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    RUMSSTANDARDISERING: Ett projekteringsunderlag för Sandviks framtida byggnadsprojekt2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The construction industry works today with a time limit, therefore it is important to have rational tools to improve the efficiency in the building process. That’s the reason for this report, where a standard for interior finishes has been developed for Sandvik. The standard for interior finishes is designed as a program for room functions and includes office space and sanitary areas. It is a proposal showing how Sandvik can design their premises in the future. Today there is a special constructions department which deals with all projects in the area. The problem is, however, that everyone works on the basis of their own experiences which have caused the lack of uniformity in the facilities of Sandvik.

    The starting point to enable this study has been how Sandvik’s offices and premises look today. Among other things their finishes have been studied, interviews with concerned people have been made and the function of the main repository has been explored. What the people at the constructions department start with at new projects and why has also been studied. The interviewed persons are mainly employees at the constructions department, but also other people involved in Sandvik’s projects.

    In order to make different standpoints in the choice of materials in the premises a study of those has been made. The selected materials are presented in the standard for interior finishes, where as much information as possible has been included. For surfaces have suppliers, colour and material been clarified. Suppliers have been determined for the firm interior equipment, while the manufacture has been selected for the movable furniture. The standard for interior finishes is supplemented with drawings to illustrate what the rooms may look like, but also to provide a simple way to show adequate places for firm interior equipment.

    Sandvik’s vision is to be a successful company. The hope with the standardisation is to streamline the building process and thereby make gains in both time and money.

    To obtain a better working environment and thereby make the employers feel better is also a purpose for this report.

  • 17.
    Svenshammar, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Tillgänglighetsanpassning av världsarvsmärkta hälsingegårdar: Dilemmat mellan bevarandekrav och krav på tillgänglighet2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the possibilities to increase accessibility in the decorated farmhouses of Hälsingland. The problem lies in the strict conservation requirements of theses farm houses because of their historical value.

    There are many decorated farmhouses in Hälsingland. They are farms of Hälsingland farmers built in a way that was traditional in the area from the sixteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century. Their tradition of building is different from other historical residences of farmers in Sweden since they are larger and more decorated. The farmers of Hälsingland were able to build that way because they often were wealthier than other farmers. The reason for that was partly because there were no nobles in the area who took part of their income (Göllas, 2012).

    Seven of these decorated farm houses have been added to Unesco’s List of World Heritages. Since they were listed, the tourism has increased to these seven farm houses. Some of the people who wish to see this world heritage may have disabilities of some kind and therefor the potential for accessibility is investigated.

    The study has been made through literature reviews, interviews and site visits. For the most part, the literature review was focused on information regarding the history of the buildings and the study of the laws and recommendations for accessibility and conservation.

    During the study, other heritages with conditions similar to those of the Hälsingland farms also have been investigated. These studies have emphasized the thesis that accessibility is problematic to achieve in historic sites. Little has been done to increase the availability in these places, even though the county administrative boards and municipalities for World Heritage have been working on this issue for many years.

    Since the Hälsingland farms are not public places but privately-owned farms, which can be visited by appointment, they have the legal possibility to waive action for increased accessibility

    Swedish law says that an existing building needs to be adapted to today’s demands on availability only when it is put through an extensive renovation. These buildings are not to be renovated but preserved in their present condition since they are listed buildings. However, there are ways to improve availability in ways that does not include structural changes in the buildings. For example, information about the availability in the Hälsingland farmhouses can be improved on websites and in tourist brochures. Furthermore, digital solutions such as virtual tours could be an option for those who cannot access the buildings.

    The structural changes that nevertheless could be possible to accomplish are limited to the outside of the buildings. However, there are still a lot of things that could improve the accessibility, for a visitor with a disability, just by the exterior changes. The exterior changes are mainly about making plane ground conditions at parking spaces, access to seating for rest and signs to facilitate navigation.

    There are other disabilities than those that cause mobility problems. It is possible to facilitate a visit, by some measures that do not affect the buildings, for people who are disabled with some of those. Improvements could be made by arranging sound reinforcement and extended information in text, to share information with the visitors who have hearing disabilities.

  • 18.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    Design consequences of differences in building assessment tools: a case study2011In: Building Research & Information, ISSN 0961-3218, E-ISSN 1466-4321, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 16-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental assessment tools for buildings are emerging rapidly in many countries. Do different assessment tools influence the design process and also guide ‘green’ building projects in different directions? Three assessment tools, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for New Construction (LEED-NC), Code for Sustainable Homes (CSH) and EcoEffect, were tested in a case study project in Sweden: a new multi-storey residential building called Grönskär. The content and results of the three assessment tools were compared in general, while issues in the three core common categories of Energy, Indoor Environment and Materials & Waste were compared in more detail. The assessment results for the case study building varied with the three tools, and the design strategies and tactics to improve the overall rating of the building project differed for each tool. This confirms that the tools can influence sustainable building in different directions and illustrates insufficient consensus between assessment tools in terms of issues, criteria and weighting. The divergent results highlight the need for an appropriate structure of assessment tools that are both environmentally relevant and practically useful.

  • 19.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering. KTH, MIljöstrategisk Analys - fms.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and the Built Environment,, Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Studies, Environmental Strategies Research - fms.
    Eriksson, Ola
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    Westerberg, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Building engineering.
    Framework for Detailed Comparison of Building Environmental Assessment Tools2013In: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 39-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding how Building Environmental Assessments Tools (BEATs) measure and define “environmental” building is of great interest to many stakeholders, but it is difficult to understand how BEATs relate to each other, as well as to make detailed and systematic tool comparisons. A framework for comparing BEATs is presented in the following which facilitates an understanding and comparison of similarities and differences in terms of structure, content, aggregation, and scope. The framework was tested by comparing three distinctly different assessment tools; LEED-NC v3, Code for Sustainable Homes (CSH), and EcoEffect. Illustrations of the hierarchical structure of the tools gave a clear overview of their structural differences. When using the framework, the analysis showed that all three tools treat issues related to the main assessment categories: Energy and Pollution, Indoor Environment, and Materials and Waste. However, the environmental issues addressed, and the parameters defining the object of study, differ and, subsequently, so do rating, results, categories, issues, input data, aggregation methodology, and weighting. This means that BEATs measure “environmental” building differently and push “environmental” design in different directions. Therefore, tool comparisons are important, and the framework can be used to make these comparisons in a more detailed and systematic way.

  • 20.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Glaumann, Mauritz
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Westerberg, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Understanding differences between the environmental assessment tools: LEED, Code for Sustainable homes and EcoEffectManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Wigö, Hans
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Building science - installation technology.
    Lahtimo, Marjo
    Colliding isothermal ceiling jets as a method to generate velocity variations in the occupied zone2011In: Proc. Roomvent 2011: 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms. Trondheim, Norway., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Östlund, Christoffer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Framkomlighet i entréer på Högskolan i Gävle för personer med nedsatt rörelseförmåga2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is claimed that the modern society is built for everyone, yet many individuals with disabilities encounter problems in their everyday life that prevent them from feeling like a part of society. University of Gävle has been proven to have insufficiencies regarding availability. This has been exposed in surveys conducted by students in the Building Engineering Program.

    This thesis aims to identify the problems that exist at the ramps and entrances. To facilitate the investigation, the major entrances to the school were selected.

    The theoretical material consists of BBR 2014, Bygg ikapp 2014 and websites with related content. To find scientific articles websites such as Taylor & Francis Online, Academic Search Elite and Web of Science was used. These articles were discovered in the database in the library of The University of Gävle and the searches related to relevant literature that revolves around disabilities and accessibility in buildings.

    The study is based on two labs that has been named lab one and two. In lab one, the entrances were measured and this data was compared with previously established literature-data that describes what is acceptable when you are using a wheelchair. This data consists of measurements but also an inspection of existing resources. Lab two consisted of a practical test with a wheelchair and was based on an existing template used in checking accessibility. The purpose of the second test was to experience the problems firsthand and undergo these tests as a real-life experience.

    The results from both labs were very poor and many entrances showed major flaws at most checkpoints.

1 - 22 of 22
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