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  • 1.
    Ahmed, Mohamed
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Maxamed, Maxamed
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Modell för beslutsfattande avseende hållbar logistik: I både tjänsteföretag och tillverkningsföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In any successful business, it is important to establish a dedicated management with the ability to make critical and sustainable decisions. Policy makers are a major and perhaps the biggest factor in a company and usually it is the managers who are also decision-makers. There are a number of aspects to keep in mind in order to make as appropriate decisions as possible, which can be anything from personality traits to how market analytic decision-maker is.

    The purpose of this thesis is to develop a model for decision-making on sustainable logistics, in both manufacturing companies and service companies in Sweden. Literature studies and interviews are conducted in order to answer the purpose. Through the literary study, significant factors can be found, for example crisis management and trust, prejudice and character traits.

    This work’s empirical material is based on interviews in four different organizations regarding their decision making and their approach to sustainable logistics. These organizations are both service and manufacturing companies, which gives the work a breadth and generalizability.

    The identified factors that are developed through the case studies include emotionality and rationality, trust, and transparency. Several factors in the literature are clearly consistent with the significant factors in the study result. The factors that both the service and manufacturing companies have in mind when making decisions regarding sustainable logistics are presented in the results. The conclusion of this study is a model that visualizes the factors one should keep in mind when making decisions regarding sustainable logistics. These factors are trust, supplier selection, unity, facts, transparency and empathy. Based on these factors, any company with a dedication and commitment to long-term decision-making processes can make wise and effective assessments.

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    Modell för beslutsfattande avseende hållbar logistik
  • 2.
    Altabba, Abdulrahman
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Karlsson, Lina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    A framework for implementing the VMI model in an MRO partnership2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the feasibility of implementing the Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) model in an MRO (maintenance, repair, and operations) partnership, and highlight its potential economic, environmental, and organizational benefits, as well as limitations.

    Approach - First, a comprehensive literature review was conducted on fields relevant to VMI. Second, empirical data was gathered from a single exploratory case study with Momentum Industrial, and its customer Stora Enso. Semi-structured interviews were used to gather data from the case companies.

    Findings - Results suggest that VMI results in benefits for the supply chain in general, such as reduced administration and inventory costs, improved service levels, reduced information distortion, and improved relationship among partners. For the particular case of VMI in an MRO partnership, improved service levels can be obtained by a reduced risk of production downtime for the customer. Moreover, the implementation of VMI has potential environmental benefits, such as reduced paper use, and higher transportation fill rate. Limitations of implementing VMI include the difficulty in system integration, and information sharing. Trust could be a potential issue that limits information sharing amongst supply chain partners. Moreover, the difference in organizational cultures and policies of partners should be taken into consideration.

    Limitations - The study is limited to opinions from one MRO customer in the paper and packaging industry. Even though the questions asked to informants in Momentum and Stora Enso tackled benefits to MRO customers in general, a broader image could have been achieved by interviewing customers from different industries. Moreover, the case companies do not currently adopt VMI in their partnership, so the case study results are based on what they think would be the potential benefits and limitations of implementing VMI in an MRO partnership.

    Practical Implications - This paper can serve as a guideline for logistics managers who are considering VMI in an MRO partnership specifically, as it provides them with the benefits and limitations associated with VMI. More generally, any company considering VMI can also benefit from the theoretical framework presented.

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    Altabba, A. & Karlsson, L (2016)
  • 3.
    Aminzoui, Abla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Vikten av kommunikation med inköpsavdelning: En studie ur medarbetarperpektiv i en fastighetsbolag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purchasing function has become a strategic position for most companies. Activity in an organization cannot be performed without the presence of the information, which means that communication is important for being able to perform a task or activity. Communication related to the purchasing process has been investigated at Gavlegårdarna, a real estate company located in Gävle. In this work, Gavlegårdarna wanted to examine whether there is an opportunity to improve communication and investigate factors that lead to a lack of communication. The purpose of this study was to get a general image and increase understanding of factors that affect communication. The study is based on a case study, where one interview took place in the purchasing department and a questionnaire sent out to people who work daily with purchasing function.

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    Examensarbete
  • 4.
    Andersson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Maria, Reineck
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Betydande faktorer för effektiva specialtransporter2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be competitive in the market, companies need to find and use available resources for improvements. Transport is a source to cost-effective and customer accessible logistics system. Both internal and externals transports are important to focus on when processes are optimized in order to obtain lower costs. The main logistics cost in many companies constitutes of transports.

     

    This case study has been conducted in an industrial company. This study intends to make the transports more effective, through better customer service and reduced costs. The transports that have been studied are not directly linked to the production. When a transport is needed an order is made by telephone.

     

    The purpose of the study is to identify significant factors for effective special transports. The factors form a foundation for recommendations to the case company in the future work to have more effective special transports. To answer the purpose literature studies, observations, data analysis, interviews and benchmarking have been carried out. Some significant factors for effective special transports are information, effective logistics and standardization. Some identified waste in the case company is lack of communication and information and the utilization of resources. The significant factors have a correspondence with the identified waste.

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  • 5.
    Andersson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Stenberg, Catarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Effektivisering av interna transportsystem: Utformning av IT-stöd för fallföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att hantera den interna logistiken när marknaden är volatil och rörlig kan vara svårt. När avdelningar på företag inte kommunicerar eller delar information med varandra gör det att bistående företagsfunktioner, som interna transporter, får svårt att planera sina processer gentemot produktionsfabriker och marknaden, vilket kan leda till resursslöseri. För att underlätta arbetet och planeringen för den interna logistiken krävs att rätt teknik och förhållningssätt finns.

    Detta arbete tar fram en metodik som undersöker vilka faktorer som finns för att effektivisera den interna logistiken, samt hur ett IT-stöd för effektivisering kan utformas. Fallstudien avgränsas till interna transportsystem för de produktionsfabriker där sidlastare och grensletruckar utför transporter.

    Genom fallstudien på företaget visade det sig att de bristfälliga områdena var integrering och samarbete, kommunikation samt standardiserat arbetssätt. Detta försvårar arbetet med den interna logistiken och gör att företagsfunktionerna inte är synkroniserade i arbetet. Den bristfälliga informationsdelningen om framtida beläggningar och prognoser gör att planeringen av interna transporter mot produktionsenheterna inte fungerar önskvärt.

    I den teoretiska referensramen framgår att faktorer som påverkar effektiviteten av internlogistik är IT-stöd, arbetssätt och rutiner, planering och kommunikation samt resursutnyttjande. IT-stöd är något som kan hjälpa företag inom de bristfälliga områdena och vara en start till att integrera ett företags processer för att förbättra kommunikationen och informationsdelningen, som i sin tur ger bättre förutsättningar för att planera bistående företagsfunktioner till ett bättre resursutnyttjande.

    Genom metodiken för att effektivisera den interna logistiken påbörjas ett första steg av ett IT-stöd genom att en EXCEL-modell skapas som ett underlag för planeringsprocessen av interna transporter på fallföretaget. EXCEL-modellen skapas genom sammanförandet av historiska data från transportavdelningen och produktionsfabrikerna. Metodiken kan vidare användas för framtida undersökningar för effektivisering av den interna logistiken på företag.

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  • 6.
    Andrén, Emil
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Helsing, Jesper
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Anpassning av förpackningar till e-handel: Fallstudie på ett marknadsledande detaljhandelsföretag2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk e-handel noterade år 2020 den högsta tillväxten sedan mätningarnas start. Digitaliseringens utbredande bland den stora befolkningen ses som den stora orsaken till e-handels exponentiella tillväxt, vilket prognostiseras fortsätta växa nästkommande år. E-handelns tillväxtpotential skapar både möjligheter och utmaningar. Många av möjligheterna handlar om trotsade distansbarriärer. Utmaningarna hittas bland annat i att möta kundernas krav på korta ledtider, vilket är ett av områdena som förpackningar kan underlätta. Dessutom utgör förpackningar inom e-handel kundbemötandet eftersom de är det första och enda fysiska bemötandet företaget får med konsumenten. 

    Studien har utförts på ett sportrelaterat fallföretag inom detaljhandeln. Fallföretagets e-handel har likt övriga branschen ökat enormt senaste åren vilket fångat deras intresse om hur deras förpackningar kan anpassas bäst till e-handeln. Fallföretaget har identifierat fyra faktorer vilka de anser påverkar förpackningens prestanda; funktionalitet, miljö, kundupplevelse och kostnad. 

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur förpackningar kan anpassas till e-handel utifrån faktorerna funktionalitet, miljö, kundupplevelse och kostnad. Detta ska ligga till grund för att ge förbättringsförslag till fallföretagets fortsatta arbete med e-handelsförpackningar. För att besvara syftet har intervjuer och litteraturstudier genomförts. Genom litteraturstudierna har teori om e-handel och förpackningslogistik identifierats och via intervjuerna har nuläget presenterats och brister samt förbättringsområden insamlats. Litteraturen påvisar viktiga funktionskategorier för e-handelsförpackningar vilka är logistikfunktioner, marknadsfunktioner och miljöfunktioner. De brister som framkom från fallföretaget var kommunikations-, materialåtgångs- och kostnadsmätningsbrister. 

    Studien mynnar ut i sju aspekter som anses viktiga vid anpassning av förpackningar inom e-handel vilka är att; maximera fyllnadsgraden, att skydda varan och vara slittålig, stödja retursystemet, utnyttja kommunikationsfunktionen, minska materialåtgången, öka hanterbarheten och utforma förpackningen för återanvändning. Utifrån dessa faktorer kan fallföretaget fortsätta utveckla sina e-handelsförpackningar. 

    Det teoretiska bidraget av studien är en utvecklad kostnadsmodell där en ny parameter har identifierats. Studiens praktiska bidrag till fallföretaget är att utveckla kommunikationsfunktionen, analysera förpackningskostnaden holistiskt samt att använda en förpackningsprocess som bättre kan anpassa förpackningarna till produkterna. 

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  • 7.
    Barath, Christian
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Amini, Nasrollah
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Produktinformationens inverkan på returer inom e-handel: Fallstudie på tre företag inom modebranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med e-handelns snabba expansion har även returerna ökat, returvolymen inom e-handel kan vara så hög som 50% (Dissanayake och Singh, 2007). Returer kostar inte bara pengar utan påverkar även miljön i form av bl.a. ökade transporter. De vanligaste returorsakerna inom modebranschen är storlek och passform vilket kan härledas till bristande produktinformation som t.ex. undermåliga storleksguider. Tidigare forskning om produktinformation har oftast berört vikten av produktinformation vid konsumentköp samt vilka egenskaper i produktinformationen som är viktiga. (Chiu et al, 2014; Manvai och Venkataram, 2005; Markopoulos, Arin och Ungar, 2016) Syftet med denna fallstudie är att undersöka hur produktinformationen påverkar antalet produktreturer hos e-handelsföretag i modebranschen. Studiens frågeställningar berör hur fallföretagen arbetar med produktinformation och om det har påverkat returvolymen samt fallföretagens hållbarhetsarbete. Studien är baserad på en kvalitativ metod och med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med tre fallföretag besvaras studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Fallföretagen i denna studie arbetar med försäljning inom modebranschen, två av dessa är stora företag och har både fysiska butiker och e-handel. Det tredje fallföretaget är ett mindre företag som enbart har e-handel. Studien visar att fallföretagen får samma gynnsamma effekt av arbetet med produktinformation även om drivkraften bakom arbetet är olika. Studien visar även att produktinformationen kan ses som en kanal för att effektivt förmedla hållbarhetsarbete till kunderna. Studien bidrar med bredare kunskap om produktinformation samt att studien kan ligga till grund för vidare forskning om produktinformationens inverkan på returer. Studien styrker även vissa delar av tidigare forskning inom returer i modebranschen.

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    fulltext
  • 8.
    Barås, Madeleine
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Brunberg, Annika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    A supply chain strategy for an innovative commodity producer: Testing the applicability of established theoretical models2014In: EurOMA 2014 Full Papers, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The distinction between innovative and functional products have for more than a decade been central to our understanding of how to design appropriate supply chains. However, the distinction between the two types of products, and the associated "optimal" supply chain, are blurring, as high competition forces commodity producers to move up the value chain and increase the innovative content of their products. The purpose of this paper is to use a single case study to test whether established supply chain models can be applied to an innovative commodity producer. The paper finds that although some established model still have merits, a supply chain strategy cannot only be based on product characteristics. Factors such ease of transport and uncertainties in materials supply needs to be taken into account and an effective supply chain may involve utilising decoupling point to combine the benefits of both efficient and responsive supply chains.

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    Baras et al_2014
  • 9.
    Bennemo, Karin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Stockhaus, Jennie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Effektivisering av materialförsörjning mellan leverantör och kund: En fallstudie vid Emballagetillverkaren2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: A supply chain has a mayor impact on company’s competitiveness and profitability, this fact has led to increased interest in efficiencys of supply chains. This bachelor degree consist a case study at Emballagetillverkaren where the supply chain was analysed between supplier and customer with the intention of reducing tied up capital and lead times.Purpose: The aim of this thesis is to find prerequisites for a effective material supply between supplier and customer.Method: In order to answer the purpose of this thesis a case company called Emballagetillverkaren and its customer has been investigated. The case company and the supply chain between supplier and customer were observed and interview questions were formulated based on the observations. Interviews and observations were conducted to gain a deeper understanding of the problems of high tied up capital and long lead times.Results: A mapping of the current situation was established to clarify the methods of operation. The material and the information flow from both the case company and The Engeneering Company was mapped. The interviews have been devided into the categories "Planning and Forecasting", "Inventory and Materials" and "Communication".Conclusion:The prerequisites for effective material supply are an integrated and coordinated supply chain, healthy processes at work, the lean philosophy and its tools, supply chain efficiency, efficient and coordinated information and material flows, appropriate material supply method, inventory management, forecasts, good customer and supplier relationship and communication. As a conclusion we want to highlight forecasts, high resource utilization and communication to achieve a effective material supply between supplier and customer.

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    fulltext
  • 10.
    Bergendahl, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Johansson, Stina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Märkning av leveranser: En fallstudie utförd på Sandvik Materials Technology2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 11.
    Berglund, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Altzar, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    A methodology development for layout planning regarding gates in marine terminals: A case study in a Swedish port2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The research purpose is to, in a systematic way, build a method to develop suggestions regarding layout planning of gates in a marine terminal and additionally conduct a base for a simulation model.

    Approach: Firstly, a literature review has been conducted in the fields relevant to port security and gate configurations in marine terminals. Secondly, a case study has been executed in a Swedish marine terminal. The case study consisted of interviews and observations at the case company, who also provided this thesis with numerical raw data. Additionally, a benchmarking was conducted at a company in the same port area where interviews and observations was executed.  

    Findings: The findings in this thesis resulted in a methodology improvement, which contains important procedure steps that need to be considered while conducting a layout for a gate in a marine terminal. The procedure resulted in a conceptual model that was conducted as a result of the literature review and verified by being tested in the case study.

    Limitation: The thesis is limited to one case company. Even though it verified and validated the findings, additional case companies are recommended to fully validate the conceptual model which applies for further research. Further limitations to this thesis is that the financial- and technical factors will not be executed.  

    Theoretical implications: Companies who plans to increase the security in their marine terminal area or implement a new gate system can benefit from the findings. This thesis contributes to science by adding new theory.  

    Practical implications: This thesis conducted a conceptual model for a layout procedure which recommends to follow while planning a layout for a gate in a marine terminal. The model were verified with a case company and provided two layout suggestions that can be implemented at the specific company.

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  • 12.
    Björkenstam, Alice
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Andersson Lans, Nellie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Optimering av paketdistributionen på ett fallföretags pakettransportrutt2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internal transportation is one of the key elements in manufacturing operations, and there is a constant need to optimize this process (Antoniuk, 2021). The case company has a very large industrial are covering 3 km2, which poses significant challenges for the internal transportation. The company has too many parcel stations, lacks clear requirements for new parcel stations and documentation for the parcel stations, and faces route planning issues as a result.

    The purpose of this case study was to identify obstacles and problems to optimize the company’s parcel transport in terms of route planning, placement of parcel stations and the number of parcel stations. The project aimed to develop a general working model for how a parcel transport can be optimized without relying on the Industrial Internet of Things (Sinsinni et al., 2018) and digital technology. The study focused on the company’s internal and external parcel transport routes within and outside the industrial area.

    Observations and interviews were conducted at the case company, revealing that customers needs include receiving deliveries twice a day and ensuring correct parcel deliveries. The drivers require unchanged or reduced workload, easier training, fewer parcel stations, properly equipped parcel stations, and improved route planning. The transport manager needs a standardised work approach, fewer parcel stations, documentation of parcel stations, and an expanded requirements list. To optimize the case company’s transport, the number and placement of parcel stations, and simultaneously meet these needs, several improvement suggestions were developed.

    It was found that implementing a scanning system could enhance the accuracy of the parcel deliveries, but this option was not recommended due to it being expensive and gives no guarantee of correct deliveries, among other things. Instead, it is recommended that the company implements a milk run system to achieve JIT (Just-in-time) deliveries for customers and a standardized work approach standardized work approach for drivers. Additionally, a proposal for a digital map was presented to improve documentation and facilitate training, along with a suggestion to merge parcel stations to reduce workload and enhance route planning. Lastly, expanding the requirements list was suggested to ensure properly equipped parcel stations and provide clearer specifications for parcel stations.

    A general conceptual work model for this optimization process is outlined as follows:

    1.       Observe current delivery routes and stations.

    2.       Interview stakeholders (such as customers and drivers).

    3.       Identify and compile requirements.

    4.       Map out stations on a digital map.

    5.       Apply a heuristic selection process.

     a.       Examine clusters of stations of the digital map.

     b.       Evaluate stations based on collected data.

     c.       Assess the activity level; if multiple stations have high activity, make an individual assessment.

     d.       Merge the stations.

     e.       Apply the 250-meter rule to the remaining selection without available data.

    6.       Create an optimal route using the selected stations.

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    Optimering av paketdistributionen på ett fallföretags pakettransportrutt
  • 13.
    Bolsöy, Alfred
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Thelin, Marcus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Håkansson, Nils
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Lageromsättning i EMS-branschen: En fallstudie om kund- och leverantörsförhållanden2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most producing companies aim to reduce tied up capital, which is meant to increase inventory turnover. In this study, an EMS (Electronic manufacturing service) -company, a contract manufacturer, will be studied. The company does not own the products themselves, but is a service company that manufactures to customers. The business has a problem that existed for a long period of time, they have a low inventory turnover among their component inventory. The company therefore wants to increase its inventory turnover in order to reduce its tied-up capital. The aim is to develop knowledge about supplier and customer relationships that affect the stock turnover rate in component stocks. In order to make calculations, it is profitable for the company to order materials multiple times for increased inventory turnover or fewer times to keep down the order cost. Case study is based on qualitative data in the form of interviews and observations. A large part of this study is also based on quantitative data from the company's MRP (material requirements planning) system. The literature is based on articles that deals with key concepts such as EOQ (economic order quantity), customer and supplier relationships. The conclusion of this study suggests that the company should use EOQ to reduce overall order cost while reducing the tied-up capital.

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  • 14.
    Brinnen, Axel
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Norrlander, Patrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Terminallokalisering från varuägarens perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the usage of the AHP-model to localize a freight consolidation center from a sustainable perspective. The AHP-model is a model that makes decisions easier by weighting various factors against each other according to given priorities. Once analyzed, the AHP-model has been applied to a case company in order to evaluate its effect and eventually see if the case companys localization decision was correct. 

    The case company in this paper is a large swedish company active both on the swedish market and internationally. They have a freight consolidation center located in Gävle, Sweden with the purpose of replenishing stock at company warehouses located in area A and area B. The company requires a transport lead time of less than one day. When the company chose to locate their freight consolidation center to Gävle, there were a few other options, namely area C and area D as well as a thir option located too far south in Sweden. 

    The conclusion of this paper shows that Gävle is the best area for the freight consolidation center out of the available options based on the companies priorities. Area C can not keep the leadtime below one day and area D does not have a port available. 

    It is still hard to define what is sustainable on a long term perspective when it comes to localization. Further research is therefore recommended in order to improve the model in a sustainable manner.

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  • 15.
    Chen, Kechen
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Yu, Di
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    The Management of the Service Supply Chain2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main topic of this thesis is to study the connection between Service Supply Chain Management (SSCM) and Customer Satisfaction (CS). The study is based on the factors of SSCM for receiving CS and its implementation.One of the major contributions to the connection between SSCM and CS has been the awareness to flexibly and efficiently manage logistics and deliver to the end user in time and at the same to achieve an increased brand image/reputation for the company. SSCM is an essential part of a company's inventory management and it's supply chain. On the other hand, CS is an integral part of a business as making consumers content and meeting their requirements is crucial for a business' survival. SSCM and CS are inextricably linked.In this thesis, Walmart has been used as the case for the authors to carry out the research. Because of the unique feature of the Chinese retail market, the Chinese retail market has been also discussed as the business background of Walmart. The first-hand data has been offered from interview by E-mail and social website to the staff of Walmart and 90 feedbacks of questionnaire. The literature review and qualitative analysis have been used to analyze the case for research. The importance of SSCM in dealing with CS and its implementation has been explored in this thesis.

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  • 16.
    Chibsah, Alimatu Alhassan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Ford, David Thomas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Freight Transport in Urban Areas: Investigating the Environmental and Societal Impacts of Increased Production Volume on Dominant Stakeholders in Urban Areas. A Mixed Method Approach2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As part of an on-going trend, the greening of logistics actions in business activities has become a critical issue for companies and society. Stakeholders are asking companies to minimize their negative impacts on the environment and society, and create effective business, sustainable environment, stakeholders’ benefits and quality of life. Through a case study approach, this research study aimed to examine the environmental and societal effects of freight logistics on dominant stakeholders in urban areas as a result of a company’s production volume increased. Furthermore, the study also aimed to pinpoint and discuss the suitable research method for a multifaceted research study. A mixed- method research approach of both qualitative (case study) and quantitative (simulation) methods were applied in this study consisting of dominant stakeholders (a Swedish company, a Swedish municipality, the Swedish transport administration, and local urban residents). The research revealed that a company’s production volume increase creates development for the company, local municipalities, and residents within the company’s business environment, however, freight trucks logistics that are used in this process to deliver raw materials to the company’s production site(s) creates negative environmental impacts (carbon emission, road congestion, noise, and pollution) on routes and urban areas. Moreover, as production volume is further increased, these negative impacts also increase. The study also revealed that a mixed-method approach is suitable for multifaceted research studies that comprise of multiple conditions, variables, and data from several sources. As such, the qualitative method can be used in the first phrase to collect formative data, which can then be tested and supported for effectiveness with a quantitative method in the second phrase.

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  • 17.
    Dahir, Chera
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Zildzic, Abdela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Krav vid val av tredjepartslogistiksaktör: En fallstudie genomförd på AA logistik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation of goods has existed for a long period of time, and in today's society it has become increasingly common to employ a third-party logistics actor (TPL-actor) which manages all or part of a company's distribution.

    The case company in this study is a newly established TPL-actor which has not yet reached as many customers as desired. The case company offers a number of logistics services, such as storage, packing, transport, handling of flight goods and safety consulting.

     

    The purpose of this study is to identify and describe what requirements are important when selecting a TPL actor.

     

    A literature study have been conducted. Existing and potential customers of the case company have been interviewed. The study´is empirical material that consisted of interviews was compared and later, in a analysis, put up against the overall study to draw a conclusion.

     

    As for the findings, it consists existing customers as well as an interview with a potential customer. It appears in the interview that delivery security, price and customer service are the most occurring and crucial requirements when choosing a TPL-actor. Customer A and the potential customer are the only ones that mentions proximity as a significant factor. Information sharing is also another factor which is significant according to the respondents. Costumer A and the potential customer sees flexibility as a crucial requirement when choosing a TPL-actors as well. All existing customers and the potential customer values delivery security highly. Customer C considers that right resources and right attributes is a requirement placed on the TPL-actor which the potential customer agrees upon.

     

    As a conclusion, the main reason to why companies outsource the parts of their logistics management is to save money and focus on the core competence of the business. The most occurring requirements placed on TPL-actors according to the interviewed customers are, good delivery security, good price, good customer service, correct information sharing and good flexibility. Right resources, right attributes as well as high reliability are factors that are specific regarding the selection of TPL-actors, within air goods logistics.

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  • 18.
    Dasouqi, Berikhan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    För- och nackdelar med att driva lagerfunktionen internt eller att köpa lagerfunktionen externt utifrån hållbar logistik2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Operating the warehouse functions internally or purchasing the warehouse functions externally are important strategic decisions and have therefore been reviewed in the literature. A company can really benefit from these two different strategies to improve warehouse functions. Since these two strategies, its advantages and disadvantages are generally opposite, they depend on many different factors. 

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of operating the warehouse functions internally or purchasing the warehouse services externally with regard to sustainable logistics. 

    Method: A literature study was done on scientific articles and books related to the subject. Several interviews were also conducted with the production manager at the company Save by Solar AB to supplement the theory. When the interviews results were compiled, both advantage and disadvantages emerged, which were combined with the theory and presented in a SWOT analysis.  

    Result: In the result, distance calculations and carbon dioxide emissions calculations and respondents' views on sustainability were gathered. 

    Analysis and Discussion: When motivating the advantages and disadvantages of internal and external storage from a logistically sustainable perspective, some points proved to be important. When the analysis was compiled, both the pros and cons of the interview responses emerged and also in theory. These points were presented in a SWOT analysis. 

    Conclusion: When managing inventory internally, these benefits were highlighted, qualified workforce, high work ethic and efficiency of employees, fixed costs for staff, warehousing and distribution and reduced transport distances. These disadvantages were also highlighted, reduced customer service, increased delivery time, high investment costs and distribution costs. 

    External inventory management highlighted these benefits, focus on core business, satisfactory customer service and cost management. Disadvantages of external warehousing can include hidden costs with the operator, authorization given to the operator, increased transport and storage costs.

  • 19.
    Ding, Zhe
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Evaluating Different Last Mile Logistics Solutions: A case study of SF Express2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Compared to the highly developed logistics industry in USA, the Chinese logistics industry is still underdeveloped because of poor infrastructure and ineffective management capability. In terms of these realities, the most important bottleneck of the Chinese logistics industry is the last mile delivery problem, which holds the highest cost in the whole logistics process. To find ways to solve the problems with last mile delivery has become significant and urgent for Chinese logistics service providers.

    The purpose of the study is to deepen and enrich the knowledge on last mile logistics in China. This is carried out with the help of the case companies SF Express and Property Management Company together with an investigation of last mile delivery alternatives in China. Related to the research question, a case study was carried out focusing on one business process. The data collection methods used include: interview, telephone or email contact, and survey.

    Intelligent locker and the pick-up delivery solution could solve last mile logistics problems by different ways, especially with specific limitations in Chinese market. These delivery alternatives are highly possible to be adopted and generalized by different logistics service providers in China if not concerned about the cost or density of orders.

    The current business mode of supermarket in China cannot fulfill the demand from an overwhelming number of customers. Costs for both pick-up stations are acceptable, and the cost is a positive factor for pick-up station mode.

    The higher density of orders, the higher possibility of different time-window may require, and high competitive advantage of intelligent locker can be achieved. The high density of orders for intelligent locker is a positive factor. The cost for intelligent locker is a very negative factor, which seriously limits the popularization of this delivery alternative.

    Keywords: Last mile logistics, Intelligent locker, Pick-up station, Delivery alternatives 

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    Zhe Ding _ Master Thesis
  • 20. Dominic, Chris
    Packaging Logistics Performance2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s trends are the ever growing competition with increasedglobalization and sustainability. Together with ongoing technologicaldevelopments it has made it easier to demand right quality of products andservices, this has also resulted in increased demands for legislation andtraceability. This development has also an impact on packaging andpackaging logistics.This dissertation deals with packaging, logistics and performance whenpackaging interacts with users and take a standpoint by finding answers tothe research question: How can a systematic and holistic approach topackaging increase the logistics performance to create efficiency andeffectiveness?The purpose of this work is to increase knowledge regarding the packagingand its interacting role with agents in the Supply-Demand Chain in orderto improve Packaging Logistics Performance. Further the thesis aims toincrease knowledge in the area of Packaging Logistics Performance.Performance in packaging logistics is about doing the right thing andthings right as well as position products and services relative to itscompetitor. 

    A model has been created to increase knowledge of packaging logisticsperformance, which covers interaction between packaging system with itsusers. This also model includes the tool. 'Packaging Scorecard' thatmeasures the packaging logistics performance and shows the packagingrelateddeficiencies that exist in various levels of the value chain.Furthermore, the tool developed to enable efficient product development.The developed model will provide support for the development ofpackaging strategies to change the existing systems or develop newsystems. The strategies also take into account the agents involved in thesupply-demand chain by demonstrating the requirements on the packagingand how small changes in the packaging system contributes to a significantimprovement in the value chain. Theoretical tool enables a betterintegration between in picking up the desired packaging informationinteracting with the agents and the right knowledge on packaging can behandled more efficiently.New functions and roles for companies operating in the various logisticprocesses were identified for example the research has identified a newtype of service the Network Integrator that manages integrate the supplychain with the demand chain. This function was also identified in thepackaging area and this agent named the Packaging Integrator. 

    To increase understanding of the Supply-Demand Chain the toolCATWOE (Customer, Agents, Transformation processes, World view,Owners and Environment) was applied. This tool futher developed for toadapt with packaging logistics performance and complexity theory. Thegeneral methodology was action based research and case studies.The developed model illustrates packaging systems and how they performin order to create conditions for better and more efficient packaginglogistics performance. The thesis explores and presents ways to improvethe opportunities that co-operate for better packaging, and integration ofvalue chains.Research in theoretical contribution is to demonstrate knowledge ofpackaging systems, understanding the interactive roles and existingrequirements in the Supply-Demand-Chain. Practical contributions werethe valuable empirical knowledge and increased understanding ofpackaging requirements and its interactions with agent to create conditionsfor effectiveness, efficiency and differentiation.

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  • 21.
    Dominic, Chris
    Lund University, Faculty of Engineering, LTH at Lund University, Departments at LTH, Department of Design Sciences, Packaging Logistics.
    Packaging Networks: a framework for integrating packaging suppliers in the demand chain2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to understand packaging and how it contributes to the establishment of efficient logistics and the creation of individualised values for consumers is becoming increasingly important. This licentiate thesis stresses the importance of applying a holistic view of packaging in order to be able to understand how to adapt the distribution channel to meet consumer demands. The study focuses on the packaging, the suppliers of packaging and their current relations to the actors in the distribution channel, and how they can develop to play active roles in logistics. The objective of this work has been to explore the potentials for packaging suppliers to work as Network Integrators to increase efficiency and in at the same time contribute knowledge in logistics that will help to bridge gaps in packaging and logistics theory.The research has involved qualitative case studies of packaging and packaging suppliers. The field of logistics is developing rapidly. To examine this in depth, benchmarking studies were carried out, and the way in which this new knowledge can be applied in the packaging industry is discussed. The conclusion of this thesis is that there are gaps in the theory, and this work presents framework to strengthen the packaging and logistics theory. Further this work has identified the Network Integrator, an actor who can play a significant role to create efficiency in logistics.

  • 22.
    Elg, Nellie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Högman, Rebecka
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Faktorer som påverkar hanteringen av tungt och otympligt gods: En fallstudie på ett tredjepartslogistikföretag2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In recent decades, more efficient logistics management has been increasingly required in all industries. This comes from, among other things, changed economic conditions, geopolitical upheavals and extended global supply chains. Internal logistics has a central role when the internal logistics activities are going to get more effective. Those internal logistics activities are mainly about a company's warehouse, finished goods warehouse and goods handling. A contributing factor that determines the degree of difficulty of these activities is the physical design of the product, as heavier and larger objects require more resources, such as planning and handling. However, with today's changing market and its associated uncertainty, the stresses on companies and their logistics and inventory planning are becoming more apparent.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the handling of heavy and unwieldy goods in the finished goods warehouse in order to make the warehouse activities that affect the loading capacity time-efficient. 

    Method: During this study we have implemented a case study on a company located in Gävle, that is referred to in this study as Company X. In order to investigate the chosen topic, another company has also been relevant to this case study, that company is also located in Gävle and is referred to in this study as Company Y. Through observations at Company Y, interviews with personnel from Company Y, as well as written and physical contact with personnel at Company X, the empirical data has been collected. A qualitative deductive approach has been used to answer the purpose and question of the study.

    Empiricism: From the production at Company X to the utilization at Company Y there are many participating actors who all have an impact on the loading capacity. There are also three different significant activities before the customer receives their products, which is storage, prepping and directloading/preloading. Currently is has been agreed that Company Y will handle the loading of 13 trucks per day for Comapny X. However, there is an uneven spread regarding the number of trucks that arrive per day and their arrival times. 

    Conclusion: The study shows that the warehouse activities that affect the loading capacity can be time-efficient if a slot time booking system, a more developed warehouse management system and routines regarding the storage were introduced, also that all available resources were utilized.

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  • 23.
    Elliott, Adrian
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Hübinette, Lovisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Beslutsmodell gällande finansieringsform samt intern prissättning av ett företags truckpark2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be competitive in the corporate climate of today it is important to have effective logistic activities. A common resource within the internal logistics is forklift trucks, which are used to lift and transport material. It becomes more and more important to decide whether to buy, lease or rent the forklifts to obtain an optimal economic situation.

     

    Many companies have issues with internal pricing. It is difficult to price products and services correctly. It is common to price the overall instead of what it really costs.

    The purpose of the thesis is to present a model for the acquisition of forklifts for internal logistic operations, regarding financing and internal pricing, to obtain economic effectiveness and an optimal forklift fleet size.

     

    The study focused on a specific research question, and for this purpose interviews with experts were held, observations were made and a literature study was done. Primary and secondary data was then compiled in an analysis. Then a general model for decision-making, and an internal pricing model, was created. It was tested on a truck model at Sandvik Technology Material, and an evaluation was made.

     

    The final model contains eight aspects that are considered important when a company is making decisions regarding investments in forklifts. These aspects are; utilization rate, maintenance costs, operational costs, flexibility, customization, outsourcing, user environment and cost of capital and interest rates.  These aspects have been developed with discussions, observations and literature reviews and are considered to be the most important. After application at Sandvik Material Technology we considered it to be a useful tool for forklift investment decisions.

    Key words:

    Model for decision-making, forklift, transfer cost, financing

     

     

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  • 24.
    Eriksson, Anton
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Försäljningsprocessens påverkan på lagerstryning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies exist because there is a demand for their products and services. Companies need to logistically coordinate all their processes for them to grow and optimize their profits. Logistics is an area in constant development, where the old views become accepted and new ones become focus areas where the direction has gone from being cost-oriented to focusing on change processes, lead times and competitive means. This case study was performed towards a manufacturing company where the work was carried out with an affiliate company in Shanghai, China. The main company has its headquarter and production in Gävle, Sweden. The case study was limited towards the sales department and its impact on inventory control from a cost perspective. The study purpose was to examine how the sales processes affect the inventory control by going through the process from when the first contact being taken with the company to the final product arriving at customer. By mapping the entire process, one can find out the improvement areas and identify what causes long storage times for the company, how the company should work to minimize these times and how the company can work with processes for a more efficient operation. The problem of this study was that the chosen case company had a long storage time ranging from a few days to a few years, which caused high capital ties and costs for the warehouse operations. The empirical data was collected through interviews with employees who works closely with the processes that have been investigated in the study. The observation was conducted in Shanghai, China, where the case company has a warehouse. The observation and the interviews led to the results and empirical data describing how the company currently works with the sales processes and the basis for the problems that they are experiencing today. By comparing the theoretical theory and results, it turns out that the company’s view of how they work with the sales process is different from the reality. The study shows that deficiencies exist in the processes described by the interviews. One part of the problem was the lack of communication within the company. The departments focused on their own tasks and tried to perform good results without seeing the overall picture for the company. By improving the communication within the company, processes around improvements will be easier to implement. The result of the analysis in combination with literature theories led to that improvement measures could be distinguished. The company was recommended to review its processes, warehouses and packaging from a lean perspective in order to streamline and optimize its operations. This is done by constantly working on the communication and process work. For continued research, proposals are made for in-depth research within sales and its processes from a cost perspective. Sales are the part of companies that contribute to profitability, but it also needs to be studied about its impact on costs. The study's theoretical contribution suggests how a process that contributes with profitability also accounts for costs and how these can be improved through continuous process work.

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  • 25.
    Eriksson, Jennie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Continuous improvements in China: experiences from managers in global businesses2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s rapidly changing society company development and Continuous improvements are crucial to gain a competitive advantage on the global market. Through interviews this study investigated how two Chinese companies worked with Continuous improvements. The empirical findings were compared to the theoretical theories. The study showed that the biggest difference between western business and Chinese businesses was the organizational structure. The hierarchical organizational structure, since it hinders empowerment, was also the biggest barrier for Chinese companies to integrate further developmental work with Continuous improvements. Thus empowerment contributes to flexibility, innovation, employee development and increased communication processes.

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  • 26.
    Fan, Ruoxi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Li, Yingli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    The coordination of E-commerce and Logistics : A case study of Amazon.com  2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the further promotion and application of e-commerce, logistics is becoming necessary. Logistics and the importance of e-commerce are more and more getting people’s attention, but what is the relationship between e-commerce and logistics still needs to be explored.

     

    The purposes of thesis are to research the relationship between e-commerce and logistics in B2C (business to consumer) companies. The aims of the thesis are threefold. Firstly, describe the coordination mechanism between e-commerce and logistics in general and particularly in Amazon.com. Secondly, find out the strengths and shortcoming of logistic when the company is developing e-commerce in general. Thirdly, In general, we focus on finding out the way to coordinate logistic in developing e-commerce, and how the logistic helps companies to develop e-commerce.

     

    The qualitative research method is used in our thesis in order to fulfill our purposes. It is a case study of Amazon China as the study subject. We analyzed the data, collected from the interview and documentation. There are certain limitations for our thesis: the interviewees were working, and they only had one hour for us to make the interview. Because of the time limitation, we could not get satisfactory and detailed information from them. So we collected some secondary data in order to support our thesis. In order to get much specific data i.e. more logistics information about logistics in Amazon, we phoned the customer service and in order to get some detail data.

     

    After the research, we found if e-commerce and logistics go hand in hand and converge; they create a unique mechanism which can help the business and market. 

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  • 27.
    Frykfors, Alexis
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Strand, Philip
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Sambandet mellan säkerhetskrav och höga lagernivåer inom läkemedelsbranschen: En fallstudie på Fresenius Kabi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An organization's ability to control bound material can be the difference between success or failure. Organizations that effectively work with supply chain management has strengthened their positions and increase their competitive edge on the global market. Organizations is the pharmaceutical industry has a major social responsibility by ensuring a continuous flow of medicines as well as pharmaceutical equipment. The industry is controlled by the strict regulations. The stringent security requirements for delivery reliability and delivery precision combined with extensive production regulations have resulted in these organizations having difficulty in maintaining even inventory levels.

     

    Purpose: The study aims to investigating the correlation between high level of safety requirements in the pharmaceutical industry and high inventory levels with the help of a case study. The study wants to investigate consequences of such connection as well investigate potential solution in which organizations can reduce their inventory levels without jeopardizing the delivery precision and delivery safety of pharmaceutical organizations.

     

    A case study has been conducted at the pharmaceutical company Fresenius Kabi who is a global market leader in the production of intravenous nutritional solutions.

     

    Finding: Findings of the study indicates that safety requirements controlling the pharmaceutical industry have a major impact on the organization's production planning and storage. The consequences of the high security requirements results in in uneven production patterns and tied capital in high inventory levels. The consequences also indicated on a Bullwhip-effect. Lean management enables organizations in the pharmaceutical industry to establish even production patterns and reduce their inventory levels.

     

    The study presents a new factor that prevents organizations in the pharmaceutical industry to reduce the number of articles. The new factor has a strong link to why organizations in the pharmaceutical industry have high inventory levels.

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  • 28.
    Giner Rodrigo, Carlos
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Third-party logistics suppliers under Just-in-sequence: A case in the Spanish Automotive Industry2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of the bachelor thesis is to describe the relationship between Third-party logistics (3PL) suppliers and car assemblers under Just-in-sequence (JIS). The paper refers to a case in the Spanish automotive industry and the main target is to identify and analyse the potential problems between both parts and explain how they work together.

    Methodology – The paper is based on a case study research, with the aid of interviews with people of the industry and participant-observations, to explain how this part of the supply chain works, the relationships along the chain and the difficulties of sequencing.

    Results – The paper identifies and analyses the potential problems between both parts and relates how a mistake from one of them can affect the other one. Then, the results are discussed and associated with some concepts of the theoretical framework.

    Limitations - The results of this case study can only be related to the Spanish automotive industry, for car assemblers that work under a JIS context with several 3PL suppliers. The case study only identifies and analyses the problems, solutions and measures for managing them are not provided.

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    Bachelor thesis by Carlos Giner Rodrigo
  • 29.
    Gustafsson, Victor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Optimering av körvägar med hjälp avruttplanerings- och handelsresandemetoder: En fallstudie hos Gotland Recycling2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this paper was to study how different kinds of heuristics for the routeplanning and traveling salesman’s problem could affect the route, potentially decreasethe driving costs and make it easier for companies and vehicles to plan their routes. Toinvestigate how different heuristics can affect the route planning, observations andinterviews has been made in a company named Gotland Recycling. Gotland Recyclingis a recycling company which operate on the island Gotland. Today the company has500 customers per year and owns four truck vehicles. The company has understood thatfor a long time their route planning system can be improved and has taken an interest intesting new methods to improve their own route planning and validate the methodswhich they are already using for route planning and driving. To analyze the differentroutes Google Maps and Excel was used. With the help of Google Maps and Excel costsin the form of driving length in meter and kilometer has been produced by applying thechosen algorithms on different driving areas. With the help of Google Maps and Excel,the driving pattern has been charted and registered in different tables. Differentalgorithms have then been applied to construct new routes and measure their mileage.Theory in the form of literature and articles has been collected for this study to analyzeand compare different strengths and weaknesses of different route planning andtraveling salesman problem solving methods. The result from this study shows there is apotential for different solution methods to make the mileage smaller. Different solvingmethods had different qualifications, strengths and weaknesses which depended on thesituations which they were applied. In two of the three tests which were made thechosen solving methods produced routes which were shorter than the route produced bythe company. Both testing and the literature also showed that for some situations thereare so many random obstacles in driving areas which make it meaningless to apply anytype of route-planning method and more advanced systems are required.

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  • 30.
    Hallgren, Josephine
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Berggren, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Last mile transport utanför EU: En fallstudie om oväntade kostnader2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor utmaning för företag som befinner sig på den internationella E-handelsmarknaden är att ha fullständig kontroll över utgående transportkostnader. Oväntade kostnader kopplade därtill är ett dyrt och tidskrävande problem för en verksamhets Supply chain management. Last mile transporten, den avslutande transporten av en kundbeställning, påverkas speciellt mycket då den betraktas som den dyraste delen av försörjningskedjan. Syftet med examensarbetet är således att undersöka om det finns en besparingspotential i att få ökas kontroll över inkomna fakturor för last mile transporter.

    Det här examensarbetet har genomförts på ett fallföretag inom E-handel. För att uppnå syftet och besvara frågeställningar har fallstudien använt det vetenskapliga angreppssättet abduktion, vilket har möjliggjort växling mellan litteratur och empiriskt material. Med hjälp av intervju, observation och dataanalys samt en kompletterande litteraturgenomgång har materialet analyserats och diskuterats för att slutligen dra en slutsats.

    På fallföretaget genomförs den nuvarande kontrollen av inkomna faktorur för last mile transporter genom stickprov, och de oväntade kostnader som påträffas misstänks vara feldebiteringar. Examensarbetets slutsats är att oväntade kostnader kan orsakas av att skillnaden mellan angiven och debiterad vikt är störra än ett kilo, samt att bränsletillägget är större än 50 procent av transportens grundpris. Problematiken är omfattande dels då effektiviteten och kundnöjdheten ur ett långsiktigt perspektiv påverkas negativt, dels då insikten om och förståelsen för verksamhetens utgående kostnader är nödvändigt för företag som verkar på den internationella marknaden. Slutligen har en mer tidseffektiv arbetsmetodik i programvaruverktyget Microsoft Excel rekommenderats för att urskilja möjliga orsaker till oväntade kostnader vid last mile transporter.

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  • 31.
    Hani, Sami
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Byggmetod, energianvändning, transport: vid jämförelse mellan Gävle Strands Etapp 2 och Maskinisten2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT                                                                                                                    

    Energy use during production of new buildings is an aspect of the hot environmental issues, yet both regulations and studies are absent. In this study a comparison is made on energy use at Strand Etapp 2 which is located at Sjaaregatan 19 and Maskinisten, located at Maskinistgatan 19, both in the city of Gävle. The objective of this study has been to determine which of the projects has the lowest energy use as well as emissions of green house gases due to transportation at the time of erecting the buildings. Maskinisten and Gävle Strand Etapp 2 differ in mainly two points: Gävle Strand Etapp 2 is prefabricated and has wooden frames and Maskinisten is site built and has concrete frame. The method has been to assume a functional unit for the projects in order to make an assessment of which of the projects that have minimum of energy use and emissions. In the calculations, energy use has been divided into three parts: the energy use of the factory (only for the prefabricated project), during transportation and at the building site. The emissions are calculated based on the distance of transportation and the choice of truck when transporting materials and modules. When comparing the two projects a distinct difference can be seen. The prefabricated house, Gävle Strand Etapp 2 requires a lot more energy during production, about 160 % more, compared to site built the Maskinisten. Although the energy use in transport, which is a large part of the total energy of Gävle Strand Stage 2, is disregarded in the comparison, the project still has an energy usage that is about 25 % higher than the value for Maskinisten. The emission that occurs during transport by diesel trucks used in the projects has been calculated in g/ton for each type of trucks and distance. When compared to a previous study, it seems that the amount of emissions is mainly due of the transport distance and not on whether it is transported as complete modules or as separated building materials. To further identify the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods of construction, several project managers from the two projects have been interviewed. The main advantage of prefabricated is considered the shortened construction period and a more efficient work - regardless of the season - on the other hand it is inflexible in comparison to the site-built. Looking only at energy use and emissions, which has been the main issue in this study; it is clear that Maskinisten is the project with the least environmental impact during the construction phase.

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    Byggmetod, energianvändning, transport:: vid jämförelse mellan Gävle Strands Etapp 2 och Maskinisten
  • 32.
    HANIF, MUHAMMAD SAQIB
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    RASTAN, MOHAMMAD REZA
    University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Service Innovation in Third Party Logistics: A case Study of Green Cargo Logistics AB2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For a very long time, Innovation has been viewed as technological phenomenon representing technological advancement in product or process features. A lot of research can be found in literature representing product innovation management supported by empirical studies, however, prospect of service innovation management has been largely ignored. Especially there is very limited research on service development process in third party logistics companies.

    This research aims to bring a holistic view of innovation management in third party logistics (3PL) companies so that a better understanding can be developed and it can be examined if existing innovation models are valid for 3PL companies.

    To achieve the objectives of this thesis, relevant literature has been reviewed extensively so that conductors of this research can get benefit of existing knowledge in the field and a duplication of research can be avoided. This research work is based on qualitative case study and Green Cargo Logistics AB (which is one of well established third part logistics (3PL) companies) was selected in order to find answers to research questions, which were resulted from the research gaps, found in existing literature. Findings from the case company are discussed in connection with theory and an analysis is made to reach on following conclusion.

    Conclusions: An innovative 3PL company has better ability to stay competitive and increase its market share through a better ability to serve it with new better services. Along with technological advancement, spotted opportunity for business growth, threat from competition and customer demand, environmental concerns have also been recognized as driving force for innovations in 3PL. This thesis also shows that a small independent unit (group of people) can play role of innovative organization to prosper creativity by improving interactions with external and internal linkages. This research illustrates that contrary to existing literature (which says there should be one single strategy for innovation management process), a flexible and adaptive strategy can be equally or more effective. For balancing risks and rewards while selecting development projects, consideration of return on investment (ROI) is found to be the most important decision criterion. For implementing the selected innovative idea, a small-scale test should be conducted in order to avoid risks associated with development projects.

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    Service Innovation in Third Party Logistics
  • 33.
    Hartwig, Hampus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Persson, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Metod för införande av samordnad varudistribution2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Urbaniseringen i världen ökar vilket leder till problem som har negativ påverkan på miljö och klimat i stadskärnor. Även inom Gävle kommun växer invånarantalet och antalet lastbilar i kommunen har ökat stadigt. I Europa framgår det att vägtransporter är det transportslag som växer mest. Dessa lastbilar står för en stor del utsläpp i förhållande till de gods som distribueras då fyllnadsgraden är låg. Genom en tydlig inriktning mot miljö kan företag skaffa sig konkurrensfördelar. Den ökade urbaniseringen har gjort att arbete med citylogistik blivit en viktig del av stadsplaneringen med syfte att förbättra städernas trafikmiljö. Rapporten bygger på ett uppdrag från Gävle kommun som handlar om att utforma en metod för implementering av citylogistik och metoden skall sedan värderas på kommunen.

    En teoretisk referensram har utformats med teorier kopplade till citylogistik. Nuläget för Gävle kommun angående citylogistik har fastställts genom intervjuer och rapportinsamling. Liknande metod har använts för datainsamling av erfarenheter från andra kommuner som arbetat med citylogistik.

    De kommuner som undersökts arbetar med externt upphandlade distributionscentraler för att hålla kostnaderna nere och vid upphandlingen av centralerna fokuserar kommunerna främst på hållbarhet ur ett miljömässigt perspektiv. I kommunerna framgår det att arbetet med citylogistik har lett till minskad inverkan på miljön. Det framgår även att vikten av ett fungerande e-handelssystem inom kommunerna är betydande, systemet underlättar beställningsprocessen och möjliggör för både tidsmässiga och ekonomiska besparingar.

    De slutsatser som dragits leder till en metod där viktiga faktorer för fungerande citylogistik presenteras. Metoden lyfter fram vikten att ha en tydlig vision och att utforma mål kopplat till arbetet för att skapa förutsättningar till uppföljning och utöver detta krävs även resurser. Dessa tre punkter vision, mål och resurser kan tillsammans med ett fungerande e-handelssystem och en distributionscentral skapa förutsättningar för ett fungerande arbete med citylogistik.

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  • 34.
    Hedenstierna, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Design of a Framework for Inventory Control - Evaluation of Forecasting and Inventory Control Systems2009In: Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing 2009 (FAIM 2009) / [ed] Farhad Nabhani, Catherine Frost, Sara Zarei, Munir Ahmad, William G. Sullivan, Curran Associates, Inc. , 2009, p. 573-580Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managing inventories so that overall costs are kept low, while service levels are maintained is the central issue of inventory control, which only regulates two things: the size and the timing of orders. This is typically executed through a planning method, such as the reorder point system or, less frequently, the periodic order quantity system. These take into account a forecast, supposed to gauge the average future demand, and a predetermined safety stock, buffering against forecast errors and demand uncertainty. Pure demand also influences the system, as transactions affect the inventory level. It is crucial to understand how a complete system of demand, forecasts, safety stock calculations and planning methods work together to measure service level and overall cost of the system. This paper outlines a framework for the unambiguous representation of the relations between methods that interpret environmental parameters to plan orders. A number of simulations based on the framework are run to show, how the integration of the inventory control functions may affect the overall performance of the system. The usefullness of the framework lies in its ability to make a system duplicable (i.e. to transfer an inventory control system to a simulation model, or vice versa). Not only is this property important for creating simulation models that exactly depict the system being analysed, it also enables the study of a complete system for order planning, as opposed to optimising individual methods. Studying an inclusive system allow the same metrics to be used to evaluate changes to any method in the system. Another benefit of this approach is that the system's metrics directly reflect changes in the environment. Simulations based on this framework are precise and substantially easier to evaluate than models not adhering to any standard.

  • 35.
    Hedlund, Tommy
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Kvarnlöf, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Optimering och balansering av cyklisk produktion: En studie på Sandvik Materials Technology PU Borrstål2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to present and test an algorithm that gives acceptable solutions in the optimization of a dedicated production line consisting of several machines, with regards of inventory holding cost and available capacity. The aim is also to suggest possible improvements in the practical case that has been used to test the model, which have been made in cooperation with Sandvik Materials Technology and it’s product unit Rock Drill Steel, located in Sandviken, Sweden.

    Method: An algorithm has been elaborated from articles and science reports and has then been tested with data from the practical case. The result has then been evaluated through an analysis where the algorithm’s ability to acceptable solutions and show potential savings with regards to capital tied up in stock of finished products, safety stock and products in work in process.

    Results and conclusions: The study shows that the algorithm has the ability to create acceptable solutions when given a specific demand rate, cycle time and capacity. The study also shows potential savings when using a shorter production cycle, given that the unit works in a structured way in order to shorten the production cycle.

    Suggestions for future research: The algorithm tested in this study needs more evaluations regarding its limits and possible benefits through practical and theoretical case studies.

    Contributions: The algorithm the possibility to combine principles and models aimed at solving the ELSP (Economic Lot Schedule Problem) and the principles of Schedule Leveling, which is a common term in lean production to a model that optimize inventory holding costs. These theories have similar approaches to cyclic production, but have different aims. Key words: cyclic scheduling, ELSP, economic lot size problem, schedule leveling, heijunka, lean production

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  • 36.
    Hellberg, Roland
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Intelligent Mail, an international revolution?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The postal sector, the largest distribution network in the world, facing a decreasing letter volume due to both deregulation of the market and to substitution from electronic formats. One effect of the deregulation is that new operators are established and take market shares. The electronic media in form of e-mail and webpage’s, has taken a large part of the letter market. One way to meet this keener competition is to make distribution of mail more valuable and cost-effective for both the sender and the receiver by adding new options to the mail. In most countries there is only one operator who has the right to act as universal service provider in the meaning of UPU (Universal Post Union), called designated postal operator (DPO). Many of these DPO are developing a concept called Intelligent Mail to defense theirs market share.

     

    The purpose of this paper is to give a broad picture of intelligent mail as a concept and also to what extent this new concept will be able to use in international letter distribution within the postal sector.

     

    The data is mainly collected from different main operators through interviews and compared with written information.

     

    There are mainly to findings. The first is that the content and meaning of Intelligent Mail differ a lot from operator to operator. The second finding is that systems needed to support options in the concept are not universal within the postal sector and therefore very hard to use in an international context.

     

    The contribution of this paper is to give a deeper understanding of the Intelligent Mail concept and why this concept not is useful for international distribution within the postal industry today.

  • 37.
    Hellberg, Roland
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Successful design of warehouse layout for an extremely volatile market founded major increased market share2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to give a successful example of how and why a change in warehouse design, where different picking methods are combined and supported by an intelligent warehouse management system to meet a very huge variation in volume with very short delivery time, have founded a major increasing in the market share from 22 to 50 %.

    This research was done as a longitudinal study from 1993 to 2010, where one company was followed on daily base 1993-2000 and for the last 10 years followed on yearly base.

    At the end of the study (2010) the company distributed over 13,000,000 items (books) covering 35,000 titles. The order size varies from 1 to over 5000. In addition, the company distributes over 2,600,000 items for book clubs and online shopping, as well as providing a wide range of additional services in the form of special packaging solutions, mechanical packing, mailing information, etc. The delivery time must be within 15 min in some cases but normally order taken before 17:00 are dispatched the next day. The must books are not wrapped.

    There are mainly to findings. The first finding is the importance to really understand the variation in volume over time and to design the warehouse and processes after this. Many similar companies have tried to meet the marked demand with warehouse automation, but this case show the importance to avoid automation to keep maximum flexibility to be able to meet extreme volume variation with very short delivery times.

    The second finding is that the intelligence in meaning of supporting IT-systems both must handling different market demands and support different order fulfillment processes. To meet the customer’s different requirements with short delivery times and huge variation in volume the successful order fulfillment process includes lot of different picking methods.

    A deep and long time study of a “best practice” case of a third party logistic providers that have designed the warehouse in order to meet an extremely volatile market.

  • 38.
    Hellberg, Roland
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Successful redesigned warehouse operations in order to meet an extremely volatile market2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A study of a third party logistic provider that has continuously redesigned theirs warehouse operations in order to meet an extremely volatile market with very short delivery times and large order size fluctuation. This research was done as a longitudinal study from 1993 to 2010, where the company was followed on daily base 1993-2000 and for the last 10 years on yearly base.

     

    The paper explain how an unique combination of many different picking methods, flexible layout and an intelligent warehouse management system, have founded a major increase of the providers market share from 22 to 50 %.

     

    Many similar companies have tried to meet the marked demand with warehouse automation, this case show the importance to avoid automation to keep maximum flexibility to be able to meet extreme volume variation with very short delivery times. Instead investments are turned into intelligence of the IT-system which support different fulfillment processes.

     

  • 39.
    Henningsson, Axel
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Kamryd, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Logistiklösning för att expandera inom EU2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har undersökt vilket distributionsalternativ som bör implementeras vid en expansion inom EU ur ett service- och kostnadssynsätt. Studien har använt sig av ett fallföretag och teorier för att besvara vilken distributionslösning som är lämpligast. Fallföretaget som ingår i studien befinner sig i startfasen för att expandera sin verksamhet från Sverige till Finland, vilket bidragit med nödvändig information som kopplat teorin med praktiken över den logistiska situationen. Studien baseras på tre olika distributionslösningar som har beaktats utifrån ett serviceoch kostnadsperspektiv. Dessa tre är att fortsätta leverera från fall företagets nuvarande lager i Sverige, bygga upp ett eget lager i Finland eller använda sig av entredjepartslogistik i Finland. Informationen angående servicen och kostnaderna för de olika distubrtionssätten har arbetats fram genom intervjuer med personer inom fallföretaget. De teorier som lagt grunden för undersökningen är leveransserviceelementen och totalkostnadsmodellen, som bidragit med relevant information angående studiens två olika infallsvinklar. Studien påvisar att två distributionsalternativ sticker ut och anses vara lämpligast ur ett kostnads- och serviceperspektiv vid en expansion utomlands. De två distributionsalternativ som indikerar goda aspekter inom båda perspektiven är eget lager i Finland och TPL lager i Finland. Vilket antyder på att närheten till kunderna är betydande både för att öka tillgängligheten och leveranssäkerhet samt för att minska transportkostnaderna. Ur ett serviceperspektiv betraktas därmed eget lager i Finland och TPL lager i Finland vara det lämpligaste alternativet. Det alternativ som är lämpligast kostnadsmässigt är också eget lager i Finland eller TPL lager i Finland, beroende påförsäljningen i landet man expanderar till. Men på långsikt när företaget etablerat sig på den finska marknaden är det ur ett kostnadssynsätt lämpligast med ett eget lager i Finland. 

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  • 40.
    Henriksson, Linus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Sånglöf, Patrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Förslag till en modell för effektiv lagerhantering inom textilindustrin: En fallstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization, an increasing amount of technology development and higher customer needs put new demands on companies warehousing function. As a result, there is a need for companies to work to further improve their current warehouse processes. The purpose of this paper is to create a model for efficient warehouse operations at a company operating within the textile industry in Jämtland that has stor-age function placed separately from the rest of the business. With the help of observations and interviews as well as a literature review, tools such as Plan-Do-Check Act (PDCA), Value Stream Mapping (VSM), and inventory placement aspects have been highlighted in the creation of a model. The model has also taken into account factors for efficient warehouse operations as well as barriers to implementation of changes. Factors such as management's commitment and motivation as well as obstacles in the form of a lack of a sense of coherence are highlighted. A model is presented that can be used by the company and other companies in similar situations.

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  • 41.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Dag
    University College of Borås, Sweden.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland; University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Differentiated Supply Chains Strategies Based on Customer Insights2008In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM 2008), Skövde, 30/6-2/7, 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Supply chains satisfy customers by striving for delivering the right products to the right place at the right time, atthe right quality and at the right quantity within an increasingly faster pace and lower cost. One implication thatcan be made from this is that the nature of markets is the point of departure in both supply chain design andoperations. Given that organizations usually offer a wide range of products and services with different supplyand demand characteristics, one could argue that organizations conduct business in various types of noncoherentbusiness environments. There has been a recognition that ‘one-size-fits-all’ supply chain strategies onlysatisfies a limited number of business environments, and that it is increasingly necessary to develop severaldifferentiated supply chain strategies to satisfy all major business environments in a better way. This paperemploys a descriptive case study approach to illustrate how a case company develops differentiated supplychains based on customer insights. Case study findings reveal that one efficient way to develop differentiatedsupply chain strategies is to combine different supply and delivery methods into supply chain solutions. Bycombining relatively few supply and delivery methods it is possible to develop several differentiated supply chainstrategies.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 42.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Editorial2012In: International Journal of Manufacturing Research, ISSN 1750-0591, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 99-100Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 43.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system.
    ERP Training through Traditional and Intensive Course Formats2009In: Networked Logistics and Production at South-East Finland, St Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast / [ed] Olli-Pekka Hilmola & Eugene Korovyakovsky, Lappeenranta University of Technology , 2009, p. 145-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems have a important role in the performance improvement and control of a company and its entire supply chain. Therefore, this system is a vital part of a company’s competitiveness and new approaches for learning are needed to be developed in order to provide knowledge and skills in faster and more efficient manner for employees. Our aim in this manuscript is it to show, how ERP systems could be incorporated in the logistics courses of a university. This environment provides good platform to test new course formats, since most of the university students do not have any previous experience with these systems.

    In this research the structure and contents regarding ERP system usage in certain courses in the logistics curriculum at a Swedish University are being presented. Essentially, a traditional approach, where computer sessions are incorporated in ordinary courses are compared to a new intensive and flexible course format entirely dedicated to ERP systems. Additionally, the two utilized approaches are analyzed through student evaluations based on courses arranged during year 2008.

    Research shows that both of the approaches offer good opportunities; the students appreciated the traditional approach, since it allowed them to receive both theoretical and practical knowledge and skills, while they felt the intensive to be beneficial in developing practical side further. Consequently, the best alternative could be to utilize both of these formats. Still, this research shows that skilled responsible lecturer, among intensive course setting, is quite possibly one route for faster learning and higher productivity oflecturing.

  • 44.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Hilmola, Olli-PekkaLappeenranta University of Technology.
    Special Issue on Industrial Case Studies of Demand-Supply Chain Management2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Hilmola, Olli-PekkaLappeenranta University of Technology.Lorentz, HarriUniversity of Turku.
    Special Issue on Sustainability and Ethics in Global Transportation Logistics Networks Sustainability and Ethics in Global Transportation Logistics Networks2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hilmola, Olli-PekkaLappeenranta University of Technology.Wang, YacanBeijing Jiaotong University.
    Special issue: Simulation based decision support systems in the supply chain context2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Lättilä, Lauri
    Kouvola Research Unit, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Kouvola Research Unit, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Agent Based Decision Support in Manufacturing Supply Chain2009In: Agent and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications: Third KES International Symposium, KES-AMSTA 2009, Uppsala, Sweden, June 3-5, 2009. Proceedings / [ed] Anne Håkansson, Ngoc Thanh Nguyen, Ronald L. Hartung, Robert J. Howlett, Lakhmi C. Jain, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg , 2009, p. 677-686Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Supply Chain Management (SCM) is becoming increasingly complex and an intensified competition in the end-markets has started to create a situation where co-operation requirements between companies in a Supply Chain (SC) are increasing. The old mechanistic operations management solutions are becoming obsolete and advanced decision support is increasingly needed to realize efficient and effective management of complex SCs. The objective of this research is to contribute to the understanding of how Agent Based Modeling (ABM) can advance decision making and to discuss why ABM should be regarded as method to realize Information Fusion (IF). In this research work an agent based model of SCM has been implemented in a simulation platform to provide an approach for evaluation of decision and management alternatives. Research shows that this kind of decision support system is based on IF, since it collects and fuses information from different sources into a situation image that provides effective support for human decision making

  • 48.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Lättilä, Lauri
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Unit, Finland.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Unit, Finland.
    Agent-based decision support in maintenance service operations2009In: Proceedings of the 16th International Annual EurOMA Conference, Göteborg, Sweden, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Finland.
    Torkkeli, Marko
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Finland.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Lorentz, Harri
    Turku School of Economics and Business Administration, Finland.
    From Northern Europe to Russia and Asia, and Vice Versa: Traffic Flow Analysis – Current Situation and Development trends2006In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Industrial Logistics, ICIL '2006: Kaunas, Lithuania, 26 - 29 June 2006 / [ed] Algirdas Bargelis; Petri Helo, Kaunas: Technologija , 2006, p. 96-107Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Large amounts of European manufacturers have enlarged their manufacturing networks to Asia, in most of the occasions to China and India. Also the growing demand in Asia as well as in Russia creates increasing need for cost efficient and lead time wise supply chain solutions. It depends on the used manufacturing and supply chain strategy, whether manufacturing units in a company's network use market focused (factory in particular region serves that market needs) or product group based (one manufacturing unit takes global delivery responsibility) control. In either case, manufacturers at the moment use "local sourcing" strategy to enhance supply chain control and responsiveness. However, this approach is incapable to use global sourcing opportunities, and utilize cheap raw materials and semi-finished items from Asia and Russia to be used in European manufacturing units. The constraints in this process are the transportation costs and delays; sea container transportation from Asia is cheap, but takes long time to be shipped to Europe (nearly two months), and correspondingly air transportation is expensive, and sets restrictions for the package size and weight. At the moment a third alternative also exist, where items are transported between Europe, Russia and Asia through Trans-Asian Railway network. This route provides moderate cost efficiency (as compared to air transportation) and lead time advantage (as compared to sea containers).

    In this paper we analyze the survey research results, which was targeted on the largest manufacturers and retailers in Finland and Sweden. Based on the survey analysis, we estimate how transportation modal split (between road, sea, railway and air) will evolve in the future, and how traffic flows develop between Europe, Russia, South-Korea, India, China, and Japan. We also present estimation from the future transportation costs development. In the analysis phase we also consider, how large volumes could be shifted to railway connection, and how wise customer picking could smoothen the transportation amounts from and to Russia/Asia. Also avenues for further research are being proposed based on our quantitative analysis.

  • 50.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology.
    Ujvari, SandorHögskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system.
    International Journal of Services Sciences: Special Issue: Innovative Information Technology in the Service Sector2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
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