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  • 1.
    Abbas, Wasim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Asghar, Imran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    The Role of Leadership In Organizatinal Change: Relating the successful Organizational Change with Visionary and Innovative Leadership2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The globalization has converted the world into a small global village; a village in which there is an ever high stream of contentions and competitions between organizations. In this scenario the most effective and beneficial maneuver for any organization is to create innovative ways in conducting business. This thesis deals with the role of leadership in the phenomena of organizational change and innovation. The leader as a person in charge or as a change agent can manage an organization or the process of organizational change more effectively and successfully if h/she is capable and competent. Rapid technological advancements, high expectations of customers, and ever changing market situations have compelled organizations to incessantly reassess and reevaluate how they work and to understand, adopt and implement changes in their business model in response of changing trends. Organizational change is a demand of the day, and needed for organizations to survive. Organizations now a days, well understand the importance of the matter, and are serious to prepare themselves not only the current, but also for the future trends to get the level of sustainable success, but Along with all of its implications and importance the process of organizational change is also a very complex and challenging.  Research shows that 70 percent of organizational changes fail to get their goals. As leadership has a central role in evolution and cultivating an organization, the process of organizational change demands a very effective and highly competent leadership that is well capable to perceive the most desirable shape of an organization and address the issue of organizational change in most appropriate way. The analysis of literature reviewed and the results of real life cases of organizations which are studied for this thesis shows, that a leadership with the competencies of “Vision” and “Innovative Approach” along with other characteristics can prove more effective to conclude the complex phenomena of organizational change with success. Further the successful organizational change can leads to innovation for organization, which is the key of long term success and sustainability. This thesis as a result proposed a model which is derived from the leadership competencies, organizational change, and sustainable success and innovation literature. This model expresses relationship between successful organizational change and leadership on the basis of h/her characteristics, which are ‘Vision” and “Innovative Approach”. With the help of proposed model this relationship can be viewed graphically.

  • 2.
    Abid, Muhammad
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Relationship between competitive priorities and global supply chain design: A conceptual frameworkManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Agostini, Lara
    et al.
    University of Padova, Italy.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lazzarotti, Valentina
    Carlo Cattaneo University LIUC, Italy.
    Manzini, Raffaella
    Carlo Cattaneo University LIUC, Italy.
    Nosella, Anna
    University of Padova, Italy.
    Pellegrini, Luisa
    Stefan, Ioana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Combining an external with an internal perspective on open innovation with scientific partners and patenting2017In: 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköpings universitet.
    Solmaz Karabag, Filiz
    Linköpings universitet.
    Innovativa konkurrenter från tillväxtekonomier: vad gör svenska företag?2018In: MGMT of Innovation and Technology, Vol. 1, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Konkurrensen från tillväxtekonomier handlar inte längre om lågkostnadsproduktion. I Kina, Turkiet och Brasilien har många företag utvecklat förmågor till både innovativ och snabb produktframtagning. Vad karaktäriserar dessa företag? Och vad kan svenska företag göra för att hantera de nya utmaningarna och möjligheterna?

  • 5.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bundy, Marie
    Ljungström, Niklas
    Den medvetna verkstaden: processorienterad produktion och produktnära informationssystem2000Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lakemond, Nicolette
    Linköpings universitet.
    Laursen, Keld
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Tell, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Open innovation: Managing knowledge integration across multiple boundaries2016In: Managing Knowledge Integration across Boundaries / [ed] Fredrik Tell, Christian Berggren, Stefano Brusoni, and Andrew Van de Ven, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, 1, p. 87-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lakemond, Nicolette
    Linköpings universitet.
    Tell, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hur arbetar svenska företag med öppen innovation?2016In: Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik / [ed] Nicolette Lakemond och Fredrik Tell, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1, p. 39-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lind, Johnny
    Handelshögskolan Stockholm.
    Balanserade produktionssystem: En möjlighet för global svensk produktion?2013In: Innovation eller kvartalskapitalism?: utmaningar för global svensk produktion / [ed] Lars Bengtsson och Johnny Lind, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, p. 179-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lind, Johnny
    Handelshögskolan Stockholm.
    Innovation eller kvartalskapitalism?2013In: Innovation eller kvartalskapitalism?: Utmaningar för global svensk produktion / [ed] Lars Bengtsson och Johnny Lind, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, p. 7-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Lind, JohnnyHandelshögskolan Stockholm.Samuelsson, LarsHandelshögskolan Stockholm.
    Styrning av team och processer: Teoretiska perspektiv och fallstudier2000Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Niss, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Combining master and apprentice roles: a potential for knowledge integration in distributed manufacturing networks.2009In: Proceedings of the 10th International CINet Conference, 4-8 September, 2009, Brisbane, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Dabhilkar, Mandar
    Stockholms universitet.
    Outsourcing eller kunskapsintegration?2013In: Innovation eller kvartalskapitalism?: Utmaningar för global svensk produktion / [ed] Lars Bengtsson och Johnny Lind, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 58-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Niss, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Alieva, Jamila
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Digitalisation of production: The significance of CI capability and teamwork2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Niss, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Alieva, Jamila
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    People still matters: Digital transformation of production requires CI capabilitiesand teamwork2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Wang, Weihong
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Cost innovation: En studie av Huaweis globala produktionssystem2013In: Innovation eller kvartalskapitalism?: Utmaningar för global svensk produktion / [ed] Lars Bengtsson och Johnny Lind, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 61-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Wang, Weihong
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Stefan, Ioana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    How can they be so rapid? New product development in Chinese CE firms2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Wang, Weihong
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Stefan, Ioana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Rapid innovation processes in Chinese firms2017In: 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Wang, Weihong
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Stefan, Ioana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Rapid NPD processes in Chinese CE firms2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Karabag, Solmas Filiz
    Linköpings universitet.
    Wang, Weihong
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Stefan, Ioana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Responses from established firms to rapid innovator challenges in emerging economies2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Bergström, Peder
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Eklöv, Tommy
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Utformning av en arbetsmodell för införande av lean inom sjukvården: En fallstudie på Gävle sjukhus2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introducing lean production principles in health care is a relatively new area. The county council in Gävleborg and Gävle hospital are interested in shortening their health queues with help from logistics methods and lean production principles. This is among others because of growing health queues at the urologist reception in Gävle hospital. Lean production is a concept arising from the Japanese car industry, meaning a quest to do more with less. In Swedish lean production can be translated to resource- economic production and the work with lean production includes principles like customer focus, teamwork and continuous improvement.

    The purpose with this thesis is to compile a working model which can be used when implementing lean principles in health care. This is because the health queues to the reception today are long and some kind of transform is necessary. The working model consists of six different levels, mapping, analyze, developing improvement suggestions, balancing, implementation and follow up. The first four steps in the working model will be introduced in this thesis, although the last two steps are outside the limits of this thesis.

    By using logistics methods and lean principles in mapping and analysis of the receptions processes some problem areas have been discovered. The discovered problems have been analyzed and improvement suggestions to the different problem areas have then been elaborated. The improvement suggestions which have been elaborated with help from logistics methods and lean production principles can contribute to a decrease of the urologist receptions health queues.

  • 21.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Are healthy and successful organizations working accordingly to Quality Management?2009In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 245-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to examine if healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management. The purpose is also to describe in more detail how they are working.

     

    Methodology/Approach

    Three Swedish organizations that have shown excellence in leadership, internal partnership, working environment and profitability have been examined, to find out what methodologies they have used for their success. To discover whether these healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management, Deming’s 14-point list has been used as an analytical tool.

     

    Findings

    Identified methodologies used by the healthy and successful organizations are described.  Viewed in the light of our analysis, a relationship between the three examined healthy and successful organizations and Quality Management is indicated.

     

    Practical implications

    Working with the methodologies described in the paper, the three organizations have improved co-worker health. Other organizations could probably adopt the identified and described methodologies to improve the health of their co-workers and effectiveness in the organization.

     

    Originality/value

    Concerning the performance evaluation and the continuous improvement component in Quality Management, substantial contributions could be made to the health area by applying the tools that the quality area have used over a considerable period to improve the quality outcomes.

    Quality and health aspects have common success factors, and a focus on high quality could be seen as positive for health outcomes.

  • 22.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Management methodologies for sustaniable health: A case study at three Swedish organisations2005In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Quality Management for Organisational and Regional Development : QMOD 2005, Luleå, 2005, p. 703-712Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Good management and leadership are key factors for sustainable development and long-term success in all types of organisations. Nevertheless, many organisations are still struggling with quality problems, sick ness absence and financial difficulties caused by poor top management. Many researchers have reported on relationships between good management and working environment, quality and efficiency. So the question is why good management is not practised to a greater extent. In this paper, management methodologies for sustainable health among employees and consequent customer satisfaction and good bottom line results are explored by studying top leaders in three Swedish successful organisations. General questions dealt with in the paper are: How can managers commit employees to be part of the proactive work with sustainable health? What methodologies can top managers use to get well-motivated employees, a good working environment, satisfied customers and good financial results? The studied organisations are two manufacturing companies and one hospital. The organisations have received national awards for their excellence in leadership, internal partnership, working environment and efficiency. They all demonstrate good examples of long-term work with sustainable health among employees which has decreased sick ness absence. Explorative qualitative methods have been used to identify management methodologies in the case organisations. The results confirm a relation between leadership and sustainable health. In all organisations sustainable leadership has been characterised by great humanity, a long-range perspective and a holistic view of management. These management methodologies with concrete examples are described in the paper.

  • 23.
    Carlsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Developing system supplier capability by integrating knowledge with customers2017In: International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, ISSN 1742-7967, E-ISSN 1742-7975Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Dabhilkar, Mandar
    et al.
    Stockholm Business School, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Lakemond, Nicolette
    Department of Management and Engeering, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sustainable supply management as a purchasing capability: a power and dependence perspective2016In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 2-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to use the relative power and total interdependence concepts as an intervening theoretical lens to explain why and how sustainable supply management (SSM) initiatives by manufacturing firms differ across the Kraljic matrix according to purchasing capability.

    Design/methodology/approach – Tested hypotheses by subjecting survey data from 338 manufacturers on buyer-supplier relationships in Europe and North America to regression analysis.

    Findings – Shows three situations where relative power and total interdependence determine the effectiveness of purchasing capabilities. First, sustainability programs impact supplier compliance in all Kraljic categories but bottleneck items. Second, there are significant trade-offs between lower cost and higher social and environmental supplier compliance for noncritical components. Third, strategic alignment of sustainability objectives between corporate and supply function levels only leads to improved financial performance for strategic components.

    Research limitations/implications – Further research could take power and dependence into account to explain when and how purchasing capabilities focussed on sustainability can be achieved.

    Practical implications – Shows how supply strategists could devise-tailored approaches for different purchasing categories with respect to power and dependence when pursuing economic, social and environmental objectives in combination – the triple bottom line – along their supply chains.

    Originality/value – Illustrates and provides a theoretical explanation for why SSM is a purchasing capability that must vary across purchasing categories defined by different situations of power and dependence.

  • 25.
    Ding, Jie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Yu, Lin
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    In search of continuous improvement implementation Tools: results of the 2Pnd international continuous improvement survey2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this paper is to investigate the implementation of Continuous Improvement (CI) in companies from Sweden, Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Australia and United Kingdom.This paper used the 2nd international CI survey to analyze CI behavior. The analysis was made by comparing the tools in clusters defined by different CI abilities.The major finding is that different CI tool usage depends on the different CI ability

  • 26.
    Dominic, Chris
    STFI-Packforsk AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Integrating Packaging Suppliers into the Supply/Demand Chain2005In: Packaging technology & science, ISSN 0894-3214, E-ISSN 1099-1522, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 151-160Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results from qualitative studies done on leading edge companies in Supply/Demand Chain Management in Sweden. The aim of the study is to create a knowledge base, identify the Network Integrators, and with reference to previous studies conducted in the packaging industry, analyse the development for packaging suppliers.

  • 27.
    Elvsbrant, Rickard
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Nilsson, Jerry
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Automatisk tejpning vid upprullning av papper på BillerudKorsnäs2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Engström, Gabriella
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Eriksson, David
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sollander, Kristina
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Reshoring Drivers and Barriers in the Swedish Manufacturing Industry2018In: Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, ISSN 2398-5364, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 195-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to explore reshoring drivers and barriers from a Swedish manufacturing perspective.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This paper is a case study, including four Swedish manufacturing companies, with focus on drivers and barriers from the context of the Swedish manufacturing industry. A literature review of previously established drivers and barriers is used to map out the empirical findings and thereby identify potential gaps between the current body of literature and drivers and barriers from a Swedish manufacturing context.

    Findings

    The findings of the study suggest that quality issues continue to be one of the strongest reshoring drivers. Except for product quality, quality is also connected to host country’s infrastructure, communication and service. The supply chain perspective is a source of several drivers and is identified as a perspective often overlooked in offshoring decisions. Barriers related to firm specifics were more elaborately discussed by the companies, especially concerning calculation of location decision and the need to invest in resources, which allows for a higher level of capacity at the home country facility.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study develops a structured table of reshoring drivers and barriers which can serve as a base for future research. Future research on the calculation of location decisions is deemed as a crucial step to further understand reshoring and aid companies in the decision-making process.

    Practical implications

    The drivers and barriers identified in the study can give practitioners insight into reshoring from the perspective of the Swedish manufacturing industry and thus aid in future manufacturing location decisions. The table of drivers and barriers can also be important to understand how Sweden can strengthen its competitive advantage and motivate more companies to reshore manufacturing.

    Originality/value

    This is one of only few papers from the Nordic countries and also one of few case studies examining reshoring in manufacturing companies.

  • 29.
    Eriksson, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Svensson, Göran
    Oslo School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Exploring opportunities for moral disengagement in codes of conduct from the textile industry2018In: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 371-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to assess how codes of conducts are outlined and formulated in relation to moral disengagement along the supply chain. The research is focused on the idea that supply chain structure may reduce the actors' sense of moral responsibility for the actions and impacts of the supply chain on workers and environment. The research has been conducted as a case study including Swedish firms in the textile industry. The research has used secondary data from codes of conducts. The findings show that codes of conduct do not cover all supply chain practices linked with moral disengagement. This does not cause immoral behaviour as such, but might cause moral disengagement. Supply chain research needs to focus on what should be included in codes of conduct and other ethical guidelines, so as to reduce the risk of immoral behaviour. In order to reduce the likelihood for moral disengagement, there are several supply chain practices that should be included in codes of conduct, such as power asymmetry, managerial support, and incentives.

  • 30.
    Eriksson, Jessika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Westerlund, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Processkartläggning vid tillverkning av stång hos Erasteel i Söderfors2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be able to withstand competition in a more competitive market, it requires a good delivery service and to deliver the right amount of material at the right time. Erasteel in Söderfors are working to achieve their set goal of 90 % for their OTIF on delivery safety.

    The purpose of the thesis was to map the planning and manufacturing process with the starting point to find the causes that cause deviations in the weight delivered to the customer. The goal was to identify the main causes for the deviations of the weight and to deliver a proposal on how the process could be improved to enhance the delivery of safety.

    An analytical model was created. It consisted of operations as mapping, data collection, analysis of the collected data and improvements were created. A hierarchical mapping was done of the entire process, from planning to delivery, and a detailed study was made in order to identify possible causes of deviant delivered weight. Data were collected from different parts of the process, mainly deviations from tolerance and scrap reasons.

    To identify the dimension intervals and steel grades that deviated most from In-Full, a chart was created in Minitab. There, all the values of tolerance were set up and compared for all diameter intervals. To pass In-Full, the values must be within ±10% and the other parameters below -10% or above 10% tolerance. The same type of graph was created for all steel grades. The result of the charts was that three (3) different diameter intervals, were selected and six (6) steel grades. Pareto charts were created in order to identify the most common causes of scrap. The diagrams showed that the planned scrap from the process, account for a large part of weight loss for all diameters studied closer. Scrapping due to the length requirements and crooked materials had a significant impact on the amount of scrap. Noteworthy was that the scatter plot, for one of the diameter interval, gave a blade-like profile, when delivered weight was compared to Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ (). That indicates that the yields, used for the different operations, are probably not up to date.

    One of the reasons that one of the diameter interval differ, can be due to difficulties when the capsule is divided in three. There are some uncertainties in the analysis because the values and weights that were analyzed are based on theoretical weights. This means that follow-up in a proper manner cannot be performed and therefore it becomes difficult to identify areas for improvement.

  • 31.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Visual replenishment methods in the manufacturing industry and suggestion for a decision tool2013Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In almost all supply chains, materials need to be stored or buffered, implying that manufacturing companies need effective replenishment methods. However, this is challenging, since companies must balance inventory costs and customer service in complex and different situations. Therefore, it is important to choose replenishment methods carefully. One well-known and widespread method is Material Requirements Planning (MRP). But the method has problems, such as regarding volume flexibility. There are other methods, but the literature lacks case studies and detailed descriptions and analysis of them, especially for visually oriented methods. Therefore, it is important to explore different methods for materials supply.

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the application of visually oriented replenishment methods in manufacturing industry and further to design a tentative decision tool for selecting methods. The research aims to provide some answers to three key questions.

    The first research question concerns general factors that are important for evaluating how effective replenishment methods are. From the literature review, different factors emerged such as product characteristics (fit in the Kraljic matrix, volume issues, size, etc.); information, trust, and geographical proximity between supplier and customer; and different logistics goals (delivery service elements, tied-up capital, use of resources, inventory accuracy). It is also import to include the basic principles methods are related to. The factors were summarized in an analysis model, which is structured with three main areas (planning environment/conditions, basic principles, and effects). The model is used to analyze four case studies.

    The  second research  question focuses  on  the  characteristics for  visually orientedreplenishment methods. Examples of characteristics are: easy to understand and operate, offers uncomplicated flows, substantially applicable for noncritical and leverage parts with high yearly requirement and fairly even consumption, provides potential for  reduced  errors  in  stores/flows, potential for  providing high  delivery service and low levels of tied-up capital and resource utilization.

    The third research question focuses on what a tentative decision tool for selecting replenishment methods might look like, based on the factors that emerged from the other research questions and studies by others. In order to achieve an efficient materials supply, companies need to consider these factors when selecting replenishment methods. The decision tool consists of different steps, considering aspects of the planning environment/conditions in relation to the product and the supplier. The importance of the companies’ goals/motives for materials supply must also be assessed. The output from the decision tool is appropriate replenishment methods.

  • 32.
    Granat, Mikael
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Nelson, Alexander
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Etableringskriterier: för lagerhållande verksamhet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify the most important establishment criteria for companies whointend to do a new establishment. There are differences between regions regarding attraction on startup.Some regions have few new businesses while others continuously expanded its activities in variousfields. The biggest focus on the thesis is the Gävle- Borlänge region where MellansvenskaHandelskammaren is active.Mellansvenska Handelskammaren saw a need for the assignment after the magazine ”IntelligentLogistik” ranked the Gävle region at 15:th place and Falun/Borlänge at 20:th place in the list over thetop 25 best logistics locations in Sweden. This made them wonder what could be made to develop intoa better area with more amenities and a better place in the ranking of the magazine. As a foundation tothe future development of the region this thesis has been written.The method we used is part a literature review and part a survey sent to different companies indifferent regions. The answers to the surveys was then compiled and compared with the literature tofind the most important criteria. The participation of the survey was lower then what we hoped for,however the responses aligned with the earlier observations of the literature review.The group has made an overview of some of the most successful regions and their available assets,such as roads, railway, port, aviation, businesses, establishment opportunities, training and skills andnetworks in the region. A more detailed review where also made of the Gävle- Borlänge region andthis was used to descried the strengths and weaknesses of the region. There are good opportunities inthe region to develop into an attractive area of establishment, a project to link Gävle and Oslo via anew road under the name E16 may come to provide a significant benefit at a regional level. Thisrelated to the expansion of the East Coasts largest container port can help to make Gävle an importanthub in the region.To be able to choose a place of establishment for companies we have after concluded literature reviewand analysis of survey responses been able to make a list of the most important criteria. With these thegroup has made a simple decision model. Companies who know their most important criteria can usethe model when they compare different locations.

  • 33.
    Grip, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Pålsson, Jennifer
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hur lagerhanteringssystem och artikelidentifiering kan bidra till logistisk effektivitet: En fallstudie på Nefab i Runemo2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Warehouses are a key aspect of modern supply chains and play a vital role in the success or failure of businesses today. Figures from the USA indicate that the capital- and operating costs of warehouses represent about 22 % of a company’s logistics costs while figures from Europe indicate 25 % (Baker & Canessa, 2009). Because warehousing is such an important function within a company, the authors chose to focus on this in their thesis. The purpose of this thesis has been to examine the significance of a Warehouse Management System (WMS) and item identification with attention to logistic efficiency. With this as a starting point, the thesis also intends to examine the needs and possibilities with a WMS and some sort of item identification at a specific company and also present suggestions of how to move forward with this type of work.

  • 34.
    Hagström, Mathias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Utredning gällande avgradning av bandsågade stålrör2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A common problem in the steel industry is to remove burrs from cut steel tubes and rods.A method for deburring is with an endless abrasive belt. Sandvik Materials Technology(SMT) employ this method in the tube mill 50 in Sandviken. The machine is calledfingeravgradare. When deburring, the tubes rotates at a speed controlled rotating deviceand the machine grind the burrs away.The tubes have a varying degree of curvature which leads to problems. The tube edgedeburred not when it loses contact with the sanding belt and grinding forces becomesometimes so large that the grinding belt starts slipping on the drive wheel and get off.Deburring head is the part of the grinding machine as the grinding belt runs around whengrinding tube edge. Today it´s positioned and can´t follow the tube movements. Thepurpose is to redesigned deburring head so the problems are eliminated.Various design concepts were developed to create movement in deburring head. Theconcept of redesigned deburring head with a rotational axis to create a rotation movementwas the concept that was developed.Drawings were obtained over the existing design. This fact was used in AutoCADMechanical which is a program for creating technical drawings in two dimensions. Theforces that affected deburring head was calculated by measuring and determining forcedirection in the drawings. It provided a basis for finding the rotation shaft location toachieve the requirements of grinding force. Inventor is a CAD software that was used todesign and create a model of the new construction.The work resulted in the design solution with a rotational axis located on deburring head.By a rotational movement of deburring head the pipe movements are followed andcomplete deburring occurs with increased life of the sanding belt.The theoretical investigations do not always match reality. Therefore, the solution wasconstructed with adjustment possibilities. In this way, motion change and grinding powercan easily be adjusted if necessary.

  • 35.
    Holm, Tove
    et al.
    Sykli Environmental School of Finland, Finland; Department of Biology, University of Turku, Finland; Novia University of Applied Sciences, Finland .
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Grindsted, Thomas S.
    Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Vuorisalo, Timo
    Department of Biology, University of Turku, Finland.
    Process framework for identifying sustainability aspects in university curricula and integrating education for sustainable development2015In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 106, p. 164-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability aspects in higher education must be enhanced with more concrete actions. Universities are globally required to have quality assurance to secure and improve teaching and learning, and they use management systems to this aim. Integrating education for sustainable development and management systems are alike in that they are based on continuous improvement and systematic thinking; for both processes all stakeholders need to be involved. Although quality assurance is compulsory for higher education, education for sustainable development has barely been examined or integrated in this context.This article examines how voluntary integration of education for sustainable development into management systems at universities could facilitate a scheme to overcome the challenges to integrating education for sustainable development that were identified in previous research. For this, a process framework for integrating education for sustainable development with management systems was developed in a network of 11 universities in the Nordic countries. The framework included planning, assessment, monitoring, and implementation of education for sustainable development. It was piloted and applied to identify relevant sustainability aspects in different disciplines, examples of which are provided in the article. The framework can be applied to visualize the implementation of education for sustainable development. 

  • 36.
    Holm, Tove
    et al.
    University of Turku, Department of Biology.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Vuorisalo, Timo
    University of Turku, Department of Biology.
    Education for sustainable development and management systems in higher education in Finland and China:  a comparative study2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Jansson, Tove
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Saad, Neimo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    "Challenges when implementing standardized and processes within a customer service unit"2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Abstract

     

     

    Interest in Lean grows and spreads to the public from industrial and service sectors. Lean is currently used in administrative processes and it is called Administration but can administration be Lean? The aim of our study is to develop a useful model for a successful implementation of Lean Administration by using various scientific articles, books and information from the case study.

    The part of the purpose is to: • Identify critical success factors that arise• Identify the challenges arising from the implementation of Lean Administration.We have studied a Division within Distribution at GE Healthcare in Uppsala. The model that we have developed provides challenges and success factors for a successful implementation.

    In order to succeed in implementation, a culture that promotes continuous improvement must exist in the organization. A key success factor is to understand Lean Administrations structure and principles. Having a supportive leadership is a matter of course as well as having a secure and stable environment.

  • 38.
    Jazairy, Amer
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Lenhardt, Johannes
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    How to start up TPL relationships within offshoring contexts2016In: Proceedings of the 23rd EurOMA conference, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study proposes instructions to initiate relationships correctly between shippers andtheir third-party logistics (TPL) providers within an offshore outsourcing context. Thishas been achieved through studying four factors influencing relationship outcomes (trust,communication, culture, work agreements). The theoretical foundation is merged withthe empirical findings obtained from a case study examining an infant relationshipbetween a Swedish telecom provider, Ericsson, and its TPL in Saudi Arabia, Aramex.The findings recommend exerting extensive efforts from both sides in the build-up stageof TPL relationships in order to avoid potential shortcomings in the execution stage.

  • 39.
    Jonsäll, Niklas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Östlund, Evelina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Haveriutredning gällande växellåda tillhörande sotblåsare modell IK-SD2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Pappersbruket BillerudKorsnäs AB är idag en av Sveriges ledande tillverkare och leverantör av förpackningspapper, kartong samt wellråvaror. Företaget har en framtida målsättning att i tillverkningsprocessen bli självförsörjande på energi och detta genom en intern förbränning av biobränsle i form av bark och flis i sodapannor. Sodapannan utgör på så sätt fabrikens energidistributionssystem. Vid den kontinuerliga förbränningen av svartlut följer stoft och slagg med rökgaserna och fastnar på sodapannans värmeytor som består av rörpanel. Detta är problematiskt då slagg på värmeytorna försämrar värmeupptagningen och gör den ineffektiv. Rengöringen av sodapannans värmeytor sker med hjälp av 74 stycken robusta utdragbara sotblåsare, varav cirka 50 är av modell IK-SD. På senare tid har företaget haft återkommande problem med att snäckhjulet i sotblåsarnas växellådor havererar. Genom observationer, överslagsberäkningar och datorbaserade analyser möjliggjordes en hållfasthetsutredning av snäckhjulet. Den tangentiella kraften som påfrestar snäckhjulets kuggar överstiger den beräknade högsta tillåtna tangentiella kraften. Säkerheten mot ytumattning beräknas med överslagsberäkningar till 0,92 och med databaserade analyser till 0,72. Detta innebär att en obefintlig säkerhet råder mot ytutmattning. Snäckhjulets kuggytor drabbas av ytutmattning på grund av påfrestande kuggkrafter samt hårda driftförhållanden, vilket efter en tid leder till kuggbrott. Haveri av snäckväxeln orsakas av bristande smörjning, höga temperaturer och höga kuggkrafter. Höga drifttemperaturer av snäckväxeln orsakar en reducerad smörjförmåga av smörjfettet, vilket leder till extrem förslitning och efter en tid brott av snäckhjulets kuggar.

  • 40.
    Jönsson, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Mechanical Engineering.
    Sebelius, Christoffer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Mechanical Engineering.
    Utveckling av kolfiberchassi till GiGtechs fordon Reborn2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shell Eco Marathon is a competition where the goal is to make a vehicle as energy efficient as possible. One team that compete in the competition is HiGtech, whose vehicle is using a frame of steel pipes. Because of that, their vehicle weight more than most of the competitors who uses carbon fiber monocoques. Therefore, in order to be able to compete with the best teams, a carbon fiber monocoque is required. The purpose with the thesis is to reduce the weight of HiGtech:s car and the goal is to develop a finished model for a monocoque. Included in the goal is also to develop a new steering function and engine bracket and new solutions for the wheels and brakes attachment to the vehicle.

    After a literature study, it was decided that the carrying details of the monocoque should be built by using a Sandwich construction to reduce the weight and factors that affects the strength was looked in to.

    Three concepts for the monocoque was developed using brainstorming, which was evaluated with results from Finite Element Analyses when the concepts was evaluated relative each other. After a winning concept was determined, it was further developed and dimensions and strength for the carrying details was set using Ansys ACP module where a safety against collapse could be determined.

    After the monocoque was developed, concepts for steering and engine bracket could be developed. The concepts was evaluated and a winning concept was chosen to be further developed and dimensioned. Solutions for the wheels and brakes attachment to the vehicle was made and dimensioned.

    A honeycomb-core with a thickness of 25 mm is needed. Two layers of carbon fiber is needed on the frame around the geometry is needed, one layer on each side. On the bottom plate it is needed two layers on each side. This will give a safety on 2,5 against structural collapse and a mass on 8,7 kg. The engine mount will have a safety clearance of 12. The torque rod will have a saftey on 5. For the front wheelbarrowing the safety will be 4 and for the rear suspension the safety will be 2.

    Since the modell for the body is not compatible whit Inventor could the strenght of the body not be calculated with. The bottomplate could be optimized further, which should decrease the weight furhter.

  • 41.
    Karlsson, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    The Managerial Challenge of Setting Goals Conducive to Individual Ambidexterity2017In: 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Karlsson, Helene
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Jacobsson, Emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Nordgren, Thomas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Lean inom sjukvåren: Effektivisering av patientflöde2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Karlsson, Johan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Byman, Erik
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Hur påverkar kulturella skillnader mellan Sverige och Kina organisationens arbetssätt?: En fallstudie på Sandvik AB2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is important that organizations today focus on continuous improvements in order to face the growing competition in the world. A company needs a corporate culture that supports and encourages the employees to be creative and innovative in their work. This is necessary for the company if they are striving towards continuous learning and development within their organization.

    The main purpose of this paper is to investigate how the culture differences between Sweden and China affect Sandvik AB. We will also study how the company manages continuous improvements and what consequences culture differences have on their work.

    Our paper is a single case study at Sandvik AB in Sweden and China. We have visited Sandvik in Sandviken to conduct a series of interviews with employees of different position within the company and with dissimilar work tasks. We have chosen this procedure to get different angles from the respondents and to acquire depth in our research. After the company visit in Sandviken we had appointments with personal at Sandvik in Beijing, Langfang and Shanghai. These employees also had different position and work tasks within the company.

    After finished study, we can make the conclusion that there exist several culture differences between Sweden and China. Most of these differences can be connected to the national culture. Sandvik where founded in Sweden and therefore they have a Swedish corporate culture. Today the company is a multinational corporation that operates business at the Chinese market and thereby in the Chinese national culture. Because of this situation, we think that it is important that Sandvik finds a balance between the corporate and national culture.

    Today, a new China is emerging. The country has one of the fastest growing economies in the world, this having and will continue to have consequences on Sandvik AB: s organization. In China 20 million students are graduated from the university today and this result in harder competition on the labour market. When more people getting an education, particularly in China, price on knowledge will decrease. The consequence of this will be that the demand of creativity and innovative thinking is rising, especially in Sweden where the labour cost is significantly higher.

  • 44.
    Kovac, Senad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Holmgren, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Analysis of internal communication: case study Sandvik SMT Market Service2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Large scale companies have massive information flows in their administrative

    departments. This often creates problems when there is a lack of communication both

    internally and with internal partners such as sales units.

    Sandvik SMT Market Service (SBMS) is no exception in this case. They got big

    problems with their communication with the sales units especially when it concerns the

    mail traffic and routing of information. Today SBMS have three regional mailboxes

    where the SU’s (Sales Unit) send their mails depending on which region they belong to.

    This structure does not function as intended and creates an overload which leads to long

    response times.

    Therefore the market service manager Jonas Hofvenstam wanted us to investigate this

    problem area with the possibility of segmenting the mailboxes including a tagging system

    and to perform a review of the sales tools portal in order to shorten the response times

    and decrease the mail traffic.

    The outcome of this paper was suggestions/proposals regarding how to structure the

    common mailboxes, illustration of a tagging system for the mails and suggestions of how

    to improve the sales tools portal. We also made recommendations on how to take these

    suggestions into action including step by step instructions to make it easier when

    performing an implementation.

  • 45.
    Lakemond, Nicolette
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Laursen, Keld
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Tell, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Knowledge integration across boundaries in open innovation2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Chefen kan vara en friskfaktor2005In: Hälsa i staten, Vol. 3, p. 11-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Healthy and Effective Leadership in Organisations2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning - från statistik till strategi2007In: Kundorienterat : Nyhetsbrev från institutet för kvalitetsutveckling, ISSN 0284-9305, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Leadership for Quality, Effectiveness and Health in Organisations2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership, quality, effectiveness and health are important factors in the achievement of organisational success. Three questions are addressed to study these elements:

    1. How do leadership values relate to leadership behaviours, quality methodologies and health in organisations?

    2. How do leadership behaviours relate to effectiveness and health in organisations?

    3. How can leadership tools be designed and used to promote health in organisations?

    The research is based on five studies from three research projects. This research is reported in five papers. Study I concerned eight organisations in the middle of Sweden; the focus was on leadership values and behaviours. Study II concerned three successful organisations that received the award, ‘Sweden’s number one workplace’. Focus in this study was mainly on leadership behaviours. Study III combined results from Studies I and II with a focus on successful leadership behaviours. Study IV concerned the eight organisations in Study I. A leadership tool in the form of a Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model was developed and evaluated. Study V was of two organisations in Sweden; the focus in that work was on the use of a leadership tool control chart designed to give managers statistically valid early warning signals about health in their organisations. Theory X and Y together with the three-dimensional leadership behaviour theory were used to assess leadership values and behaviours. The theory surrounding PDSA and control charts were used to develop leadership tools. The dimension of health is defined from a salutogenic humanistic perspective; which emphasizes individual well-being. The dimension of quality is defined as the ability to satisfy or exceed needs and expectations. Effectiveness is defined as the extent to which externally and internally defined objectives are fulfilled.

    Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used. Interviews, seminars with employees, collection of human resource and effectiveness figures, and questionnaires completed by managers and subordinates were used to collect data.

    Managers with more Theory Y-oriented leadership values were rated by subordinates as high concerning quality methodologies and leadership behaviour dimensions. The subordinates of these managers tended to be healthier.

    Two of the studies identified common groups of leadership behaviours in effective and healthy organisations: strategy and vision, communication and information, authority and responsibility, learning culture, worker conversations, plainness and simplicity, humanity and trust, walking around and reflective personal leadership.

    These leadership behaviours fit into a leadership profile where all three of the dimensions of structure, relation and change are present. Of the three, the relation dimension is strongest and concluded to be a universal dimension.

    The developed PDSA model seems to be a leadership tool that influences both leadership values and behaviour, particularly in the area of relation-oriented leadership behaviours. An early warning system built on CUSUM- and Shewhartcharts concerning the health indicators of self-assessed general health and new sickcases per employee was also found to be a powerful and usable leadership tool.

    For future research, the explorative research findings can be quantitatively tested using representative and preferably cross-national data, with a longitudinal design.

  • 50.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Ledarskap för hälsa och lönsamhet2005In: Kvalitetsmagasinet : tidningen för kvalitets- och verksamhetsutveckling, ISSN 1104-1579, p. 22-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan ledare arbeta för att stödja utvecklingen för en hållbar hälsa hos alla medarbetare i organisationen? Delegering av ansvar och befogenheter, insikten att alla människor är olika samt målet att ha kul på jobbet är några faktorer som bidragit till ett framgångsrikt ledarskap på Roxtec International.

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