hig.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 4 of 4
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Kvangarsnes, Marit
    et al.
    Aalesund University College, Aalesund, Norway.
    Torheim, Henny
    Aalesund University College, Aalesund, Norway.
    Hole, Torstein
    Medical Clinic, Helse Møre og Romsdal, Aalesund, Norway, og Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Öhlund, Lennart S
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Aalesund University College, Aalesund, Norway.
    Narratives of breathlessness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease2013Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 22, nr 21-22, s. 3062-3070Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore patient perceptions of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and the patients' experiences of their relations with health personnel during care and treatment.

    BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often experience life-threatening situations and undergo noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation via bi-level positive airway pressure in a hospital setting. Theory on trust, which often overlaps with the issue of power, can shed light on patient's experiences during an acute exacerbation.

    DESIGN: Narrative research design was chosen.

    METHODS: Ten in-depth qualitative interviews (n = 10) were conducted with patients who had been admitted to two intensive care units in Western Norway during the autumn of 2009 and the spring of 2010. Narrative analysis and theories on trust and power were used to analyse the interviews.

    RESULTS: Because of their breathlessness, the patients perceived that they were completely dependent on others during the acute phase. Some stated that they had experienced an altered perception of reality and had not understood how serious their situation was. Although the patients trusted the health personnel in helping them breathe, they also told stories about care deficiencies and situations in which they felt neglected.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that patients with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often feel wholly dependent on health personnel during the exacerbation and, as a result, experience extreme vulnerability.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The findings give nurses insight into building trust and a good relationship between patient and caregiver during an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive lung disease.

  • 2.
    Malinovschi, A.
    et al.
    Department of Medical Cell Biology, Intgrative Physiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Janson, C.
    Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holmkvist, T.
    Department of Medical Cell Biology, Intgrative Physiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Norbäck, D.
    Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Box 571, SE-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden; Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Merilainen, P.
    Department of Engineering Physics and Mathematics, Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki, Finland.
    Högman, Marieann
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för medicinsk vetenskap. Department of Medical Cell Biology, Intgrative Physiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Effect of smoking on exhaled nitric oxide and flow-independent nitric oxide exchange parameters2006Inngår i: European Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936, E-ISSN 1399-3003, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 339-345Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a well-known fact that smoking is associated with a reduction in exhaled nitric oxide (NO) levels. There is, however, limited knowledge relating to the smoking-induced changes in production or exchange of NO in different compartments of the airways. This study comprised 221 adult subjects from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey 11, who were investigated in terms of their exhaled NO, lung function, immunoglobulin E sensitisation and smoking habits. The following parameters were determined using extended NO analysis: airway tissue nitric oxide concentration (Caw,NO), airway transfer factor (or diffusing capacity) for nitric oxide (Daw,NO), alveolar nitric oxide concentration (CA,No) and fractional exhaled nitric oxide concentration at a flow rate of 50 mL(.)s(-1) (FeNO,0.05). Maximum total airway nitric oxide flux (J'aw,NO) was calculated from Daw,NO(Caw,NO-CA,NO). Current smokers (n=35) exhibited lower (geometric mean) FeNO,0.05 (14.0 versus 22.8 ppb), Caw,NO (79.0 versus 126 ppb) and J'aw,NO (688 versus 1,153 pL(.)s(-1)) than never-smokers (n=111). Ex-smokers (n=75) were characterised by lower FeNO,0.05 (17.7 versus 22.8 ppb) and Jaw,NO (858 versus 1,153 pL-s(-1)) than never-smokers. These relationships were maintained after adjusting for potential confounders (sex, age, height, immunoglobulin E sensitisation and forced expiratory volume in one second), and, in this analysis, a negative association was found between current smoking and CA,NO. Snus (oral moist snuff) consumption (n=21) in ex-smokers was associated with an increase in Daw,NO and a reduction in Caw,No, after adjusting for potential confounders. Passive smoking was associated with a higher CA,NO. Using extended nitric oxide analysis, it was possible to attribute the reduction in exhaled nitric oxide levels seen in ex- and current smokers to 6 lower total airway nitric oxide flux in ex-smokers and reduced airway and alveolar nitric oxide concentrations in current smokers. The association between snus (oral tobacco) use and reduced nitric oxide concentrations in the airways and increased nitric oxide transfer from the airways warrants further studies.

  • 3.
    Malinovschi, Andrei
    et al.
    Department of Medical Cell Biology: Integrative Physiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Janson, Christer
    Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Medical Sciences: Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holmkvist, Thomas
    Department of Medical Cell Biology: Integrative Physiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Norbäck, Dan
    Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Medical Sciences: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Meriläinen, Pekka
    Department of Engineering Physics and Mathematics, Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki, Finland.
    Högman, Marieann
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för medicinsk vetenskap. Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Medical Cell Biology: Integrative Physiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    IgE sensitisation in relation to flow-independent nitric oxide exchange parameters2006Inngår i: Respiratory Research, ISSN 1465-9921, E-ISSN 1465-993X, Vol. 7, artikkel-id 92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A positive association between IgE sensitisation and exhaled NO levels has been found in several studies, but there are no reports on the compartment of the lung that is responsible for the increase in exhaled NO levels seen in IgE-sensitised subjects. Methods: The present study comprised 288 adult subjects from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey II who were investigated in terms of lung function, IgE sensitisation ( sum of specific IgE), smoking history and presence of rhinitis and asthma. Mean airway tissue concentration of NO (Caw(NO)), airway transfer factor for NO (Daw(NO)), mean alveolar concentration of NO (Calv(NO)) and fractional exhaled concentration of NO at a flow rate of 50 mL s(-1) ( FENO0.05) were determined using the extended NO analysis. Results: IgE-sensitised subjects had higher levels ( geometric mean) of FENO 0.05 (24.9 vs. 17.3 ppb) ( p < 0.001), Daw(NO) ( 10.5 vs. 8 mL s(-1)) ( p = 0.02) and Caw(NO) (124 vs. 107 ppb) ( p < 0.001) and positive correlations were found between the sum of specific IgE and FENO 0.05, Caw(NO) and Daw(NO) levels ( p < 0.001 for all correlations). Sensitisation to cat allergen was the major determinant of exhaled NO when adjusting for type of sensitisation. Rhinitis and asthma were not associated with the increase in exhaled NO variables after adjusting for the degree of IgE sensitisation. Conclusion: The presence of IgE sensitisation and the degree of allergic sensitisation were related to the increase in airway NO transfer factor and the increase in NO concentration in the airway wall. Sensitisation to cat allergen was related to the highest increases in exhaled NO parameters. Our data suggest that exhaled NO is more a specific marker of allergic inflammation than a marker of asthma or rhinitis.

  • 4.
    Svärd, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Jansson, Helena
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Hur upplever patienter med kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom att livskvaliteten påverkas av sjukdomen och hur kan sjuksköterskor stödja dessa patienter?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att, utifrån vetenskaplig litteratur, beskriva hur patienter med KOL upplever att livskvaliteten påverkas av sjukdomen och hur sjuksköterskor kan bidra till att bibehålla livskvaliteten hos dessa patienter samt att beskriva artiklarnas kvalitet gällande deltagare och bortfall i undersökningsgruppen.

    Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie. Artiklarna har sökts i databasen Medline och via manuella sökningar vilket resulterade i 13 artiklar.

    Resultat: Patienter med KOL beskriver att oro och ångest över de fysiska begränsningarna som kommer med sjukdomen kan ha en negativ inverkan på livskvaliteten. Genom att delta i fritidsaktiviteter samt att umgås med familj och vänner höjdes välmående och livskvaliteten. Trots att de flesta patienterna var påverkade av symtom, sjukdom och oförmåga att delta i aktiviteter ansåg sig de flesta ha en god livskvalitet. För sjuksköterskan är det viktigt att inge hopp, ge stöd och stärka patienternas hanteringsförmåga. En viktig del i sjuksköterskans roll är att lindra patienternas oro och ångest genom att visa en vänlig attityd och empati.

    Slutsats: Det är olika från person till person hur livskvaliteten påverkas. Att umgås med anhöriga och delta sociala aktiviteter främjar livskvaliteten. Vårdpersonal behöver mer utbildning i hur man ska stötta och hjälp patienterna till att bibiehålla livskvaliteten.

1 - 4 of 4
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf