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  • 1. Berglund, Eva
    et al.
    Eriksson, Mårten
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för psykologi.
    Reliability and content validity of a new instrument for assessment of communicative skills and language abilities in young Swedish children2000In: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology, ISSN 1401-5439, E-ISSN 1651-2022, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 176-185Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bergström, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kärvin, Linnéa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att vara ett syskon till en bror eller syster med cancer2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Varje år insjuknar ca 320 barn mellan 0-18 år av cancer i Sverige vilket innebär att många syskon kan få en förändrad vardag. Cancer orsakas av att celler i kroppen börjar dela sig okontrollerat samt ökar i storlek, vilket resulterar i en cancertumör. Hur ett syskon reagerar när en bror eller syster får sin cancerdiagnos är beroende på ålder och tidigare erfarenheter. I mötet med ett sjukt barn och dess familj är det viktigt att som sjuksköterska stötta och hantera hela familjens upplevelser i den rådande situationen. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva syskons upplevelse av att ha en bror eller syster med cancer samt att studera de inkluderade artiklarnas undersökningsgrupp. Metod: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie som inkluderar elva vetenskapliga artiklar som söktes via databasen Medline via PubMed. Artiklarna analyserades med hjälp av Polit och Becks niostegsmodell för ett objektivt urval. Huvudresultat: Syskon som hade en bror eller syster med cancer upplevde många omställningar i livet, både emotionellt, fysiskt och psykiskt. Resultatet visar tre centrala stora upplevelser som syskonen upplevde, ”Känslosamma ögonblick”, “Att rätt information skapar trygghet” samt “Att leva i en förändrad tillvaro”. Undersökningsgrupperna i de inkluderade artiklarna var individer mellan 6-22 år och både pojkar och flickor samt att antalet varierade mellan 6-125 deltagare. Slutsats: Ett syskon till en bror eller syster med cancer upplever många känslor och förändringar samt påverkas av den nya tillvaron som uppstår efter cancerbeskedet. Detta innebär att familjesituationen, relationer och skolan påverkas på olika sätt.  

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  • 3.
    Hultmark, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kans, Frida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans roll och upplevelser vid förberedelser av barn inför perifer venkateter sättning och blodprovstagning: En intervjustudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to describe the nurse´s role and experiences around

    preparation of children in front of peripheral venous catheter (PVC) placement and

    blood draw. The study used a descriptive design with qualitative approach and was

    performed on a pediatric clinic in Sweden. Semi-structured interviews were performed

    with seven nurses of whom the first was a pilot interview, which was included in the

    result. The recruitment of nurses was made by a purposeful sampling, maximum

    variation sampling, with help of the quality coordinator of the pediatric clinic. The

    collected data was analyzed with the manifest qualitative content method. The analyzes

    resulted in the categories “To adept the preparation according to the child and the

    situation to breed a confident relation” and “To give safety and be flexible at

    difficulties”. In the result it emerged that all nurses prepared the children

    with authentic material and information but adapted the preparation by

    the children's age and cognitive development. But in spite the difficulties that can

    emerge the adaption will be expired as something positive. It is important that the nurse

    is flexible since every children and preparation situation is unique. If the nurse manages

    to earn the child’s faith the preparation will be fine and be a positive experience for both

    the children and the nurse.

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  • 4. Löf, Catharina M.
    et al.
    Winiarski, Jacek
    Ljungman, Per
    Forinder, Ulla
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    The socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of adult long-term survivors of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in childhood2011In: Pediatric Transplantation, ISSN 1397-3142, E-ISSN 1399-3046, Vol. 15, no 7, p. 691-698Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Socioeconomic factors such as education, employment, financial circumstances, marital status, and psychological well-being were investigated in 51 Swedish adults (age 19-42) surviving for at least five yr following pediatric allogeneic SCT (age at SCT 1-16 yr) using items derived from a Living Condition Survey (ULF). Psychological well-being and cognitive faculties were measured by HAD and SWED-QUAL. Socioeconomic data and marital status were compared with a norm group matched for gender and age, derived from the Swedish national population registry. Most subjects function well and lead normal lives, and they are nevertheless more likely than the norm to encounter problems with establishing themselves on the labor market. The SCT group demonstrated a lower level of employment, and the likelihood of having a disability pension was higher than in the normal population. Younger subjects and women encountered most financial difficulties and a higher risk of poverty. Cognitive difficulties intercorrelated both with inferior financial circumstances and with higher levels of anxiety and depression. These results indicate the importance of recognizing and attempting to tackle the possible cumulative disadvantage of problems that affect the adult following SCT in childhood.

  • 5.
    Oborn, Helena
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department Of Clinical Science, Technology And Intervention, Division Of Pediatrics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Herthelius, Maria
    Karolinska Institutet, Department Of Clinical Science, Technology And Intervention, Division Of Pediatrics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Health-related quality of life in children with cronic kidney deisease, comparsions between parent and child reports2017In: Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, West), ISSN 0931-041X, E-ISSN 1432-198X, Vol. 32, no 9, p. 1794-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: We aimed to assess health related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or a kid-ney transplant (CKD-T) from the perspective of their parents (proxy ratings). Additionally, the parental life satisfaction was evaluated aswell as its possible associations with HRQoL of their children.

    Material and methods: Sixty parents to children with CKD stage 3–5 or CKD-T participated. HRQoL in children was assessed by parent proxy versions of the generic instruments Kidscreen-27 and Disabkids-37. Parents own life satisfaction was measured by self-reported LiSat-11 questionnaire.

    Results: In most areas parent proxy ratings were significantly lower thanratings by the children themselves. Female sex and older age were associated with lower HRQoL. Compared with proxy ratings by parents to children in the general population, proxy ratings of HRQoL in children with CKD and CKD-T were significantly lower in the domains Physical Well-being, Psychological Well-being, Social inclusion, Social exclusion, and in overall score. Compared with general population, parents in the study rated their own life satisfaction lower in the domains Life as a whole, Leisure and Contacts. Mothers’ life satisfaction were lower than  fathers’in domains Life as a whole and Leisure.

    Conclusions: The agreement between parent and child reports of HRQoL was generally poor. Parent ratings of HRQoL in children with CKD seemed to correlate with parents own life satisfaction. The differences between parent and child ratings should be considered in clinical practice.

  • 6.
    Pettersson, Annelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Barn och ungdomars upplevelser och behov av stöd då de kommer i kontakt med mobbning2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to investigate the reason why students contact adults if they are involved in any kind of bullying, what support they had received and wished for, as well as to investigate why student don’t contact adults. About of 150 students, 50 girls and 56 boys (70%) had experienced bullying of different kinds; some had more than one kind of experience. The students expressed that they had contacted adults when they “felt unwell” and to “stop bullying”. There were no statistical significant differences between bullied, bullies and bystanders or girls and boys regarding their contacts with adults and their satisfaction with received support. When the students had evaluated their contacts with adults 32 of 40 were content with the support. Regarding support from adults, students wish for “concrete solutions” and “that adults would listen more”. Reasons why student had not contacted adults were that they “dared not” and “did not know who to talk to”. To stop the bullying the students proposed “better knowledge and efficient actions against bullying” as well as “zero tolerance to bullying”.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Keyworld: school students, bullying, adult support

     

     

     

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