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  • 1.
    Silén, Marit
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik.
    Haglund, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap.
    Hansson, Mats G.
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik.
    Ramklint, Mia
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap.
    Ethics rounds do not improve the handling of ethical issues by psychiatric staff2015Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 69, nr 6, s. 1700-1707Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. One way to support healthcare staff in handling ethically difficult situations is through ethics rounds that consist of discussions based on clinical cases and are moderated by an ethicist. Previous research indicates that the handling of ethically difficult situations in the workplace might have changed after ethics rounds. This, in turn, would mean that the “ethical climate”, i.e. perceptions of how ethical issues are handled, would have changed. Aim. To investigate whether ethics rounds could improve the ethical climate perceived by staff working in psychiatry outpatient clinics. Methods. In this quasi-experimental study, six inter-professional ethics rounds led by a philosopher/ethicist were conducted at two psychiatry outpatient clinics. Changes in ethical climate were measured at these clinics as well as at two control clinics at baseline and after the intervention period using the instrument Hospital Ethical Climate Survey. Results. Within-groups comparisons of median sum scores of ethical climate showed that no statistically significant differences were found in the intervention group before or after the intervention period. The median sum scores for ethical climate were significantly higher, both at baseline and after the intervention period (P ≤ 0.001; P = 0.046), in the intervention group. Conclusions. Ethics rounds in psychiatric outpatient clinics did not result in significant changes in ethical climate. Outcomes of ethics rounds might, to a higher degree, be directed towards patient-related outcomes rather than towards the staff's working environment, as the questions brought up for discussion during the ethics rounds concerned patient-related issues.

  • 2.
    Silén, Marit
    et al.
    Hälsohögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Kjellström, Sofia
    Hälsohögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Christensson, Lennart
    Hälsohögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Sidenvall, Birgitta
    Hälsohögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Svantesson, Mia
    Vårdvetenskapligt forskningscentrum, Örebro läns landsting.
    What actions promote a positive ethical climate?: A critical incident study of nurses' perceptions2012Inngår i: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 501-512Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Few qualitative studies explore the phenomenon of positive ethical climate and what actions are perceived as promoting it. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore and describe actions that acute care ward nurses perceive as promoting a positive ethical climate. The critical incident technique was used. Interviews were conducted with 20 nurses at wards where the ethical climate was considered positive, according to a previous study. Meeting the needs of patients and next of kin in a considerate way, as well as receiving and giving support and information within the work group, promoted a positive ethical climate. Likewise, working as a team with a standard for behaviour within the work group promoted a positive ethical climate. Future research should investigate other conditions that might also promote a positive ethical climate.

  • 3.
    Silén, Marit
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad.
    Svantesson, Mia
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Nurses' conceptions of decision making concerning life-sustaining treatment2008Inngår i: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 160-173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe nurses' conceptions of decision making with regard to life-sustaining treatment for dialysis patients. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 13 nurses caring for such patients at three hospitals. The interview material was subjected to qualitative content analysis. The nurses saw decision making as being characterized by uncertainty and by lack of communication and collaboration among all concerned. They described different ways of handling decision making, as well as insufficiency of physician-nurse collaboration, lack of confidence in physicians, hindrances to patient participation, and ambivalence about the role of patients' next of kin. Future research should test models for facilitating communication and decision making so that decisions will emerge from collaboration of all concerned. Nurses' role in decision making also needs to be discussed.

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