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  • 1.
    Calamnius, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Biology. Institute of Freshwater Research, Department of Aquatic Resources, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lundin, Mikael
    Harmångers Machine & Marine, Stocka, Sweden; Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Fjälling, Arne
    Institute of Freshwater Research, Department of Aquatic Resources, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Königson, Sara
    Institute of Coastal Research, Department of Aquatic Resources, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Lysekil, Sweden.
    Pontoon trap for salmon and trout equipped with a seal exclusion device catches larger salmons2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 7, article id e0201164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing seal populations of the Baltic have led to more frequent interactions with coastal fisheries. The motivation for seals to interact with fishing gear is high. It provides high densities of fish. A successful means of mitigating the conflict is the pontoon trap. Seal visits here have been frequent. Seals have access to most parts of the trap system including the middle chamber, which is an overhead environment. Concerns have been raised about seals possible entanglement in this specific part of the trap. As a means of keeping seals from entering the middle chamber, two different Seal Exclusion Devices (SEDs) were tested. A diamond mesh SED and a square mesh SED, which was rotated 45. The aim was to compare the functionality of the different SEDs with respect to seal deterrent abilities and catch composition. The hypothesis tested were (i) that seals would not be able to enter the middle chamber, (ii) that the catch would increase and (iii) that the SED would deter larger fish from swimming into the middle chamber. Catch data and underwater film were collected. Larger salmons were caught in traps equipped with SEDs. The SEDs did not affect the number of caught fish or the total catch per soak day. © 2018 Calamnius et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

  • 2.
    Lundin, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Dept. of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Size selection of fish in the trap fisheries of the Baltic and Bothnian Seas2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A sustainable fishery in the Baltic Sea requires fishing gear that fishes selectively and at the same time excludes raiding seals. A successful type of trap recently developed in response to the seal problem is the pontoon fish chamber, which significantly decreases damage to gear and catch losses caused by grey seals. However, a common problem with traps is the bycatch of juvenile and non-marketable fish which constitutes a threat to the sustainability of the fishery and a time-consuming problem for the fishers. This thesis deal with bycatch reduction of young herring, whitefish and perch in pontoon traps. Rigid grids and square mesh panels were installed in traps during commercial fishing operations and continuously monitored with underwater cameras. The selection efficiencies were calculated for different species and selection panel designs. The importance of abiotic and biotic factors for the selection efficiency, the diurnal activity levels of species, and the positions of escape through a selection panel were analysed. This thesis also addresses the survival changes of herring after being released from a trap and the potential size-structuring effects on the herring stock after a size-selective fishery. The results showed that several tonnes of young fish were able to escape through selection panels from the traps during a season. 70-80% of young herring and whitefish escaped through an encircling selection panel while 90-100% of young perch and roach escaped through a rigid grid. Both biotic and abiotic factors were influencing the selection efficiency of herring. The factors which had most effect were the quantity of fish in the trap, the season of the year, the time of day, and the presence of seals. The diurnal activities were significantly different between species. Herring and roach preferred to escape during night while perch escaped mostly during dusk and dawn. The passing through a rigid grid did not affect the short term mortality of young herring and the risk that extensive use of traps will induce selection for phenotypic changes in mature herring, leading to an evolutionary change on the Bothnian Sea herring population is low. The overall conclusion of this thesis is that bycatch can be reduced by equipping traps with selection panels. The appropriate design of the selection panel depends mainly on the behaviour and physiology of the fish. The survival changes of released fish seem high and the risk that extensive use of size-selective traps will induce evolutionary changes on the herring stock is low.

  • 3.
    Lundin, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology. Institutionen för vilt, fisk och miljö, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Size-selection of herring (Clupea harengus membras) in a sustainable fishery2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
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