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  • 1.
    120112 HONG, SISONG
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    LIN, SHUNZHAO
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Service Marketing in a cross-culture environment: a case of Elekta China2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Aare, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Wernh, Weronica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Emotionella upplevelser och emotionsreglering i samband med en nedskärningsprocess2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate emotions and emotion regulation of a downsizing in an industrial company. The sample consisted of persons who had experienced a downsizing but have kept the employment, within a same position or being transferred to another one. Data consisted of two focus group interviews, analysed by an inductive thematic analysis. The results have indicated that emotional reactions changed over time as well the emotional regulation did during the different phases. The groups differed in emotional reaction related to the time of decision regarding the retention of employment. One conclusion is that fast and accurate information during the different phases of a downsizing process may lead to more positive emotional reactions, which in consequence may result in a positive experience of the reduction process as a whole. The confidence in management increased across the time, due to its decisiveness during the process of downsizing.

  • 3.
    Aarenstrup, Roger
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Improvements in Organizational development2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between innovation and system complexity, and suggest improvements for an organization to handle innovation and complexity better.

    Method: The analysis was based on theoretical models about organizational structure, development models and knowledge management. The models were selected to highlight theoretical extremes rather than practical usefulness to avoid practical obstacles in the theoretic evaluations. The work progressed as a strategy development flow based on a model including four phases; analysis, objectives and recommendations, options and Implementation.

    Result & Conclusions: To significantly improve how complexity and innovation are managed it isn’t sufficient to focus on improvements in one part, such as processes. Organizational goals, external environment, organizational structure, development model, knowledge management and internal culture have to be considered and balanced to achieve significant improvements. For the organization studied it was clear that there was a difference in the official description of the organization and how it worked in practice.

    Suggestions for future research: Metrics are important to measure value and improvement. Balanced metrics describing how well an organization is adapted to its goals and environment is an area for future work. The effect of Model-Based design on organizational structure is another interesting topic for further research.  

    Contribution of the thesis: The recommendations and objectives developed in this study can be used to improve an organization with respect to both internal and external environment.

  • 4.
    Aasum Hultberg, Rosanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Det är väl på sätt och vis det heteronormativa samhället som har gjort mig till transperson […]”: En enkätstudie med transpersoner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim was to study transgender persons’ experiences of, and reactions upon, attitudes and social norms in relation to their gender identity. Another question that was relevant to answer was how transgender persons are affected by the hetero norm. The method used to collect data was through questionnaires published on the internet. The only requirement to participate was to be a transgender over 18 years old, and when the survey closed, 35 respondents had answered it. The questionnaire consisted of both quantitative and qualitative questions. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis.

    The results indicate that transgender persons living conditions are largely affected by norms, and that they encounter a considerable amount of negative attitudes due to their gender identity. To "pass" as either man or woman turned out to be something that made it easier for transgender people to evade negative attitudes.

    One hope is that this study can provide knowledge to different instances in the community to open up to be more open to critical thinking around norms.

    The conclusion was that persons with a transgender identity are affected by societal norms and by heteronormativity. It takes a lot of courage to be able to be one self but everything boils down to how strong a person are and the availability of support and role models in the surrounding society. 

  • 5.
    Abangma, Ferdinand Enoayuk
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Recognition of Brand Equity and Advertising in the Banking Industry in Cameroon. Case study Citibank N.A.: MBA-thesis in marketing2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSEThe main purpose of this research is to determine the consumer level approach of brand equity in Citibank N.A using empirical information based on its brand awareness. The awareness of a brand would show the level of the brand recognition. A telephone interview was conducted to explain the different aspects that constitute the recognition of brand equity and brand awareness of Citibank N.A-Cameroon in addition to its ads.

    RESEARCH QUESTIONHow can Citibank N.A, Cameroon subsidiary, measure the level of its brand equity from its brand awareness?

    RESEARCH APPROACH/METHODOLOGYIn order to answer the research question and achieve the research objective established for this research, a structured research method was required. In this research a qualitative research approach was applied to suit the content of the research. A telephone interview was conducted to give a qualitative view of this research.

    FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONSAwareness (aided, unaided), contributes to the recognition of brand equity. In the empirical part of the thesis brand recognition and awareness can be facilitated by Citibank-Cameroon subsidiary being participative in its social corporate responsibility plan to develop the community by planting trees and organizing football competition every summer holidays. This brand strategy has been used for several years to keep a positive brand image of the bank.

  • 6.
    Abarghache, Nadia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Johansson, Ellen
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Kan en läshund bidra till att positivt påverka barns läsförmåga?: En metainspirerad innehållsannanlys2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att få en djupare förståelse om på vilket sätt läshunden kan bidra till att förbättra barns läsförmåga. Studien använder sig av en metainspirerad innehållsanalys. Metaanalys användes för att samla in information till studien samt att kunna dra slutsatser om tidigare forskning. Innehållsanalys användes för att skapa teman och kodning, med hjälp av innehållsanalys kan man skapa en djupare mening med textens innehåll. Artiklarna från resultatdelen samlades in från vetenskapliga databaser där alla artiklar är peer-reviewe.

     

    Studien undersöker på vilket sätt kan en läshund bidra till att positivt påverka barns läsförmåga? Är det hunden i sig som påverkar barnets läsförmåga eller är det miljön? Resultat visar på att läshunden påverkar barn positivt både psykiskt, fysiskt och socialt. Resultatet visar även på att det är läshunden som påverkar barnen positivt och inte miljön de vistas i under lästiden. Slutsatsen man kan dra av denna studie är att läshunden visar på en positiv påverkan på barn och har givit oss förståelse om på vilket sätt läshunden påverkar barnen.

  • 7.
    Abbas, Wasim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Chaudhry, Saqib Mehmood
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Analyzing the Disruption Factors of Emerging Markets: A Case Study of Pakistani Telecom IndustryHuawei in Pakistan2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A free and flexible business environment attracts international organisations to those markets that have big growth potential and high profit margins. To penetrate emerging markets is of great interest to any international organisation. The situation gets more intense if it is in the field of telecommunications. Telecommunications (telecoms) and information technology (IT) are generically known as the information and communication technologies (ICT) industries. ICT is one of the fastest growing industries in the world and is also considered among the biggest markets in terms of customer base, growth and profitability. The competition is very high in such markets, so relatively unique, attractive and extraordinary business strategies are usually practiced by these companies. The situation may create an atmosphere of upheavals and uncertainties in such markets. Extraordinary or unethical business policies can not only affect the business of other organisations, but also has some after-effects on societies and the mindset of target nations and market ethics. Organisations are very much engaged with society and work in the social environment, therefore the socio-cultural components is of great importance when designing business strategies. Exploring the facts about emerging markets and by analysing the case of Chinese company Huawei in the Pakistani telecom market, this thesis gives investigates and assess the success factor of this Chinese company. This thesis highlights the upheaval factors of emerging markets, by analysing the role of cultural interests and the mindsets of target nations for organisations planning their strategies

  • 8.
    Abd, Assil
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences. 9101270685.
    Fritidspedagogens arbetssätt i arbetet med nyanlända barn: En kvalitativ studie om fritidspedagogers arbetssätt med nyanlända barn i fritidshem med fokus på svårigheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka fritidspedagogens arbetssätt med nyanlända barn i fritidshem.

  • 9.
    Abdi, Asal
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi. University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Laic, Daniella
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi. University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    RE/MAX Sverige: En studie inom marknadsföring2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte är att ta reda på vilka marknadsföringsstrategier och marknadsföringsmodeller som föreskrivs i teorin, som RE/MAX använder sig av i Sverige i dagsläget samt att komma fram till vilka marknadsföringsverktyg som de kan utveckla för att vinna större marknadsandelar.

  • 10.
    Abdulkadir, Muna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Bozhko, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Driving university towards change and innovation: Impact of national culture and environmental factors2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate the impact of national culture on the process of managing change and innovation in the sector of higher education and identify what kind of environmental factors could produce a moderating effect on the cultural impact.

    Method: Inductive method and qualitative approach were used. With the purpose of collecting qualitative data, 15 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with employees of Faculty of Education and Business Studies in University of Gävle, Sweden.

    Results & Conclusions: The study suggests that any innovation is a change, while change is always a process and, thus, should be managed as such. Authors draw attention from the process of management of innovation itself towards managing through manipulating by such an influencer as national culture. At the same time authors point out that not everything can be explained on the basis of culture providing a range of potential factors that can strongly moderate the impact of culture.

    Suggestions for future research: Current research is limited by the choice of country, sector of economy, number of studied cases, etc. Investigation of cultural impact on change and innovation management in universities of other countries or the choice of another economic sector would open opportunities for further research.

    Contribution of the thesis: During the study the authors verified a part of the suggested hypotheses demonstrating the strength of the impact that national culture produces on management of change and innovation. Moderating effect of different environmental factors such as employee’s age and position within organizational structure, governmental policies in the sphere of higher education, type of organizational structure and type of leadership, was demonstrated. Authors come up with implications of managing the process of change and innovation through manipulation of cultural impact.

  • 11.
    Abdullah, Zizan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Ett interkulturellt arbetssätt i förskolan: en studie kring förskollärares utsagor om arbetssätt i mångkulturell verksamhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur fem förskollärare arbetar med ett interkulturellt arbetssätt inom en mångkulturellt förskoleverksamhet.

    Studien har utgått från ett teoretiskt perspektiv på interkulturellt arbetssätt och den teoretiska ansatsen utgörs av ett interkulturellt perspektiv. Interkulturalitet handlar om möten mellan människor från skilda kulturer och en ömsesidig förståelse dem emellan. Skilda kulturer innebär exempelvis att man har olika modersmål, seder och levnadsregler. Jag har gjort en kvalitativ undersökning, där jag har intervjuat fem förskollärare i två förskolor.

    Resultatet visar att förskollärarna hade en liknande syn på interkulturellt arbetssätt och att faktorer som förhållningssätt, arbetsmiljö och lärandemiljö bidrar till att barnen på förskolan ska känna sig mer trygga, nyfikna och motiverade. Därutöver visar resultatet på förskollärares behov av vidare utbildning i frågor som rör barns kultur och modersmål. Betydelsen av att arbeta med utgångspunkt i olika språk i förskoleverksamheten är ytterligare en tendens som framkommer i resultatet. En slutsats som kan formuleras med grund i undersökningens resultat är att förskoleverksamhet som tar tillvara och har sin grund i flera modersmål bidrar till att barn blir sedda, respekterade och motiverade att lära sig.

  • 12.
    Abdullahi, Naima
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Pojkars läslust: en studie av hur pojkar uppfattar och uttrycker sitt intresse för läsning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Abebaw, Meron Kebede
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Matukuta, Willard Kingstone
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Technology and Customers’ Experiences in Fashion Physical Stores: The Case of Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Technology and Consumers’ Experiences in Fashion Physical Stores: The Case of Sweden

    Level: Master Thesis in Business Administration

    Author: Meron Kebede Abebaw; Willard Kingstone Matukuta

    Supervisor: Agneta Sundström, PhD

    Examiner: Maria Fregidou-Malama, PhD

    Date: May, 2018 

    Aim: The aim of this study is to analyze whether in-store digital technology in fashion retailers are used to change the customers’ shopping experience and behavior.

    Method: This study chooses qualitative research and used both primary and secondary data collection as method.

    Results and conclusions: This study have reached to conclude that: with the current advances in technology, physical stores can use in-store technology to give customers a new experience; physical stores perceive that using in-store digital technology will change customers shopping experience. Also, marketing mix inputs and technology affect customers’ behavior.

    Suggestions for future research: For future research, how smart fitting rooms may influence the customer experience in the physical store will be important to study. Researchers can also consider understanding customer responses to in-store technology. Finally, a customer’s perspective to both suggestions should improve the knowledge on whether digital solutions are preferred in in-store shopping or not.

    Contributions of the thesis: This thesis contributes to the current state of theories on in-store technology by showing atmosphere has effect on customers’ experiences and behavior in addition to the marketing mix. On the managerial perspective, analyzing the installation of this technology will enable to identify its effect on customers’ experiences and behavior. In addition, on the societal perspective, the behavior of customers will help in motivating younger generation to utilize this in-store technology.

  • 14.
    Abid, Muhammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Fobbe, Lea
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Sustainability reporting as a way to foster entrepreneurial universities2018In: Proceedings of the 25th Annual EurOMA Conference - To Serve, to Produce and to Servitize in the Era of Networks, Big Data and Analytics, Budapest, June 24-26, 2018., 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) play a major role in the development of societies. In the last decades, there has been an increasing interest on the commercialisation of knowledge by universities for economic development that lead to the emergence of the term “Entrepreneurial University”. This study aims to report the sustainability efforts of the University of Gävle, Sweden by applying a systematic tool, Graphical Assessment of Sustainability in Universities (GASU). This study highlights sustainability reporting as a way to improve communication practices between universities and stakeholder. The systematic and holistic assessment of HEIs gives insights of collaboration opportunities and by that foster their entrepreneurial journey.

  • 15.
    Abolghasemi Kordestani, Arash
    et al.
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Farhat, Farshad
    Peighambari, K
    Lueå Tekniska Universitet.
    Supply chain process maturity and financial performance study of Swedish steel SMEs2010In: Proceedings of  the 17th Euroma conference, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this research is to demonstrate that the financial performance of the current year in Swedish steel SMEs is dependent on the amount of maturity of supply chain processes. This is examined by considering current supply chain process maturities of the firm together with financial performance of prior years. It was found that the delivery process of supply chain processes and prior cost of goods sold (COGS) have an effect on current COGS. Additionally, prior inventory and plan process of the supply chain have a positive and negative effect on inventory turnover respectively.

  • 16.
    Abou Khaled, Walle
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Baban, Dylan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Influencers på Instagram: En jämförande studie om hur olika sorters influencers påverkar konsumenters varumärkesuppfattning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of the study is to investigate how consumers’ brand perception is influenced by influencer marketing with regard to influencers' number of followers and topical alignment.

    Method: In this study, a quantitative method has been conducted to aggregate 173 responses in a web-based questionnaire survey. After screening based on our selection, 153 responses were processed in SPSS where descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and cluster analysis were conducted. The result was used to conduct a discussion to draw further conclusions.

    Conclusion: The study shows that both topical influencers and influencers with many followers have a positive impact on consumer brand perception. Influencers with a large number of followers contribute to a more positive impact on consumer brand perception than topical influencers. For maximum results, marketers should use an influencer that has both a large number of followers and focuses on a topic.

    Contribution: The study's contribution to the theory of marketing research area is an increased knowledge of the influence of different types of influencers on consumer brand perception. The study shows that the number of followers weighs heavier than the topic in terms of how positively affected a consumer's perception of the brand is.

  • 17.
    Abraha, Desalegn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Hyder, Akmal S
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi.
    From industrial networks to strategic alliances or vice-versa2009In: International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets, ISSN 1753-6219, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 361-386Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18. Abraha, Desalegn
    et al.
    Hyder, Akmal S
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi.
    The service firms' establishments in developing countries2000In: Journal of Euromarketing, ISSN 1049-6483, E-ISSN 1528-6967, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 57-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Skövde.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad.
    Relationships and Networks in the Processes of Establishment of Firms in Transitional Economies: The case of Scandinavian firms in Eastern and Central Europe2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Focus on the particular entry mode a firm uses to enter a new market, rather than the process of establishment dominates in extant literature. To fill this void, we apply an establishment process model developed from the network approach to illuminate the web of relationship forms embedded in the establishment process of two Scandinavian firms as they attempt to establish themselves in transition economies. In one case, the results show that Statoil’s process of establishment in Estonia was less time- and resource-consuming because the firm drew support from significant actors in their network of exchange relationships. In the second case, a lack of home and host country support for Scania in Croatia resulted in an arduous and costly process and less stable position in the market, with the firm’s position changing several times as different problems cropped up. In light of the findings from the two cases, theoretical and practical implications for managing the establishment process are discussed.

  • 20.
    Abraham Tewoldemedhin, Fithawi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Medeubayev, Meiras
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Knowledge Hiding in Consulting Industry: the Case of EY in Kazakhstan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study aims to explore the knowledge hiding phenomenon among project teammembers in the consulting industry. This study investigated why, when, how and what type ofknowledge team members hide.Methodology: This research applied a qualitative research with inductive approach. Semistructuredinterviews with eleven participants from EY in Kazakhstan were conducted.Secondary data was obtained from existing scientific articles and books.Findings: Findings of the study provided that (i) variables affecting knowledge hiding atindividual level also influence at team level; (ii) the technological and organizational barriershad a minor influence on knowledge hiding at team level; (ii) tacit/explicit and key/commonknowledge are subject to hiding among team members; (iv) three additional variables arediscovered at team level, i.e. laziness, fear of being seen silly and self-study.

    Theoretical contributions: This study contributes to the counterproductive knowledgebehaviour by exploring patterns of knowledge hiding among team members. Additionalknowledge sharing barriers of why and when team members hide knowledge were found. Teammembers hide knowledge when they feel ownership over knowledge and territoriality servesas a mediating tool. Nevertheless, collective knowledge psychological ownership weakensknowledge hiding, because team’s success is more important than individual’s goals.Managerial implications: Organizations are encouraged to nurture team environment, becauseteam members might feel that they are obliged to share their knowledge. Also, managementshould consider to lower territoriality perspectives (e.g. by team buildings, etc.).

    Limitations and future research: Future research should increase the number of respondentsfrom different companies, industries and geographical areas. To validate the three newly foundknowledge hiding variables at team level, they can be tested at individual level. On top of thatfuture research can focus on the effects of interpersonal injustice on knowledge hiding on eachmember, motivational process on knowledge concealing/sharing and cross-cultural differencesof how knowledge concealing is interpreted can be researched.

  • 21.
    Abrahamsson, Isak
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Karlsson, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Värdeinvestering – en hållbar strategi för överavkastning?: Ett test av investeringsstrategin F_SCORE på värdeaktier med hög book-to-market kvot2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The main aim is to test if Piotroskis F_SCORE applied on stocks with high book-to- market ratio outperforms the market portfolio and therefore determine the level of market efficiency. The secondary aim is to provide knowledge to business executives about the relevance of a book-to-market policy.

    Method

    This study is a quantitative research which assumes a positivistic research philosophy with a deductive approach. Several regression analyses have been used to confirm the statistical significance of the different estimated parameters. The empirical results give answers to two hypotheses based on the aim of this research. The empirical data have been collected from Thomson Reuter Datastream, compiled in Excel and analyzed with the statistical software Stata.

    Result & Conclusions

    The empirical results of this study show that the value portfolio has a higher return than the market index. The risk-adjusted return for the value portfolio is higher compared to the market portfolio. This indicates that the higher return of the value portfolio is not due to a higher risk. By the results of this study there is not possible to determine whether the market is fully efficient or not. It is only possible to exclude the strong and semi-strong form of market efficiency.

    Suggestions for future research

    For future studies, we suggest further research about the weak form of market efficiency. Using historical data to determine future return, as Contrarian model, is one suggestion to reach further evidence of market (in)efficiency. Since F_SCORE assumes a normal distribution and because of the poor performance of the low F_SCORE firms another suggestion is short-sell these stocks to see if the return ca be increased. This empirical field needs further research about which factors that causes the higher return for these stocks. The small firm effect, liquidity and behavioral finance are just a few anomalies that may have a relationship with excess return.

    Contribution of the thesis

    The investment strategy in this research shows a higher excess return compared to the market index as well as a higher risk-adjusted return over the given period. This is not only a contribution to investors but also in a theoretical field due to the efficient market hypothesis. F_SCORE have a normal distribution curve where the stocks with F_SCORE of 5 or higher generally have a higher mean return. Another contribution is the relevance of book to market ratio as a useful strategy for valuating companies. The practical contribution gives business executives better understanding about the relevance of a book-to-market policy when attracting investors. 

  • 22.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Lindberg, Jennie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det krävs mer än mediciner: Betydelsen av samverkan och stödjande insatser kring personer som deltar i substitutionsbehandling för sitt opiatberoende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Substitutionsbehandling är en vårdform som rekommenderas av Socialstyrelsen för personer med ett långvarigt opiatberoende. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur samverkan kring klienterna fungerade, samt vilka stödinsatser som kunde bli aktuella utifrån klinternas behov. Då substitutionsbehandling anses vara kontroversiellt, fanns även ett intresse av att undersöka de professionellas upplevelser av vårdformen. Studien bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer med yrkesverksamma (n=8) som i sina olika yrkesroller hade kontakt med klienterna. Resultatet analyserades utifrån systemteori, stämplingsteori och empowerment. Studiens huvudresultat visade att det förekom mycket samverkan kring klienterna och att det fanns flera stödinsatser tillgängliga för den enskilde. Inställningen till substitutionsbehandling var till övervägande del positiv och de främsta argumenten för vårdformen uppgavs vara de personliga vinsterna för klienterna. Slutsatsen är att det krävs mer än mediciner för att upprätthålla drogfrihet och klienternas sociala nätverk kan vara avgörande för en lyckad behandlingsprocess. Studiens resultat kan därmed bidra med kunskap om substitutionsbehandling.

  • 23.
    Abrahamsson, Pege
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Hedlund, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Valutariskhantering: En omotiverad kostnad eller ettvardagligt behov?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Vårt syfte med detta arbete är att undersöka hur två stora företag i Gävleborgslän, med betydande del av sin verksamhet på export, hanterar de valutarisker som uppstår. Företagen som vi valt att granska är Sandvik och Korsnäs som båda är tillverkande företag inom industrin.

    Vi kommer sedan att jämföra hur respektive företag har valt att hantera sina risker och belysa de skillnader och likheter som dessa två företag har i sitt arbete med valutarisker. Slutligen ämnar vi jämföra det empiriskt insamlade materialet med den teoretiska referensram som finns inom det valda ämnet.

    Metod: Vi har valt att använda oss av en kvalitativ metod när vi insamlat data. Insamlingen har främst skett via samtalsintervjuer på respektive företags huvudkontor. Kompletterande information har insamlats via mejlkontakt med våra respondenter. De teorier vi har använt behandlar främst valutarisker och metoder för valutarisker.

    Resultat & slutsats: Slutsatsen från vårt arbete visar att de företag vi studerat har insett betydelsen av valutaexponering men bara ett av företagen har valt att aktivt arbeta med riskhanteringen. Vi vill dock poängtera att båda företagen tagit ställning till hur arbetet med risker ska hanteras.

    Förslag till fortsattforskning: I vårt arbete visar vi en bild av hur två företag hanterar sina valutarisker och exponeringar. Det kan vara intressant att undersöka detta ur ett större perspektiv. En djupare studie med fler företag kan göras. I vår studie sker jämförelsen mellan två industriföretag. Att göra jämförelsen med ett företag inom ett annat segment, t ex dagligvaruhandeln eller telekombranschen, finner vi intressant.

    Valutariskhantering: en omotiverad kostnad eller ett vardagligt behov?

    Uppsatsens bidrag: Vårt arbete ger ett bidrag till exporterande företag för att få en uppfattning om olika sätt att hantera sina valutarisker. Uppsatsen kan även användas av Sandvik och Korsnäs för att få reda på hur två studenter anser om deras arbete med valutasäkring.

    Nyckelord: Valutarisk, valutasäkring, valutaexponering, valutahantering, derivatinstrument, terminskontrakt, optioner.

  • 24.
    Abrahamsson, Viktoria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Carlstedt, Belinda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Våld och personer med funktionsnedsättning: En studie om våldets innebörder beroende på inblandade aktörer, inom grupp- och serviceboenden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through semi-structured interviews with three women working as care personnel in group or service homes for persons with disabilities, perceptions regarding violence as linked to persons with disabilities is studied from a social-constructionist point of view. The study explores how the roles of actors involved can be associated with notions and interpretations expressed, and with what the interviewees regard as “appropriate” action to handle the situation. The role of the aggressor proved crucial. Gender of the actors was not expressed as important but indications existed pointing to perceived differences. When discussing appropriate action, the interviewees related to both a sense of “duty” and the “right” thing to do from a utilitarian perspective. When involving a colleague, loyalty became relevant. Throughout the study the dimension of power and the complexity of violence is considered and its different understandings depending on context, actors and perspective.

  • 25.
    Abramsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Vikström, Johan
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Finns det för få fastighetsvärderare ur de offentliga aktörernas synvinkel?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Inom fastighetsbranschen finns det ungefär 100 000 yrkesverksamma. Denna bransch står inom de närmaste åren för stora pensionsavgångar. En av de yrkeskategorier som kommer att påverkas är fastighetsvärderare. I dagsläget finns det ungefär 600 yrkesverksamma fastighetsvärderare. Genom ett antal offentliga aktörer som är verksamma inom fastighetsmarknaden, vill vi belysa frågan om de anser att det råder brist på fastighetsvärderare. Vi har valt att i denna studie särskilt granska och studera Gävle kommun och dess fastighetsbolag, Gavlefastigheter.

     

    Metod: Vi har med empirisk forskning, som bedrivs med företrädesvis kvantitativa och kvalitativa metoder, utfört denna studie. Data har samlats in genom intervjuer som sedan sammanställts och analyserats både utifrån de resultat vi fick in men även genom transaktionshandlingar som vi tagit del av ifrån Gavlefastigheter. Resultaten redovisas i löpande text. 

     

    Resultat & Slutsats: Resultaten vi fick fram visar på att ur de offentliga aktörernas perspektiv upplever alla utom en att det finns ett tillfredställande utbud av fastighetsvärderare. De offentliga aktörerna gör inte många fastighetstransaktioner och de anlitar bara fastighetsvärderare vid unika och komplexa objekt. Fastighetsvärderarna kommer att påverkas av pensionsavgångarna. Det i sin tur kommer inte, ur de offentliga aktörernas synvinkel, påverka efterfrågan av fastighetsvärderarnas tjänster.

     

    Förslag till fortsatt forskning: Vi har i denna studie valt att belysa vår problemformulering utifrån ett antal offentliga aktörers synvinkel. Det skulle vara intressant att göra en liknande fallstudie utifrån fastighetsvärderarnas egen sida, men även utifrån de privata fastighetsägarnas sida.

     

    Uppsatsens bidrag: Vi har med denna studie bidragit med att påvisa att de offentliga aktörerna inte anser att det finns för få fastighetsvärderare och att anlitningen av dem sker i mindre omfattning.

  • 26.
    Absi, Lina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Leino, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Innovationsförmågans påverkan på goodwill2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent of goodwill that can be explained by the capacity for innovation in Swedish listed companies.

    Introduction: Goodwill is an intangible asset and occurs in connection with acquisitions. In recent years, the record received a great importance and it gives also an expression of the future economic benefits. Goodwill is difficult to define because the item may contain, for example, customer relationships, trademarks, good reputation, etc. In the current situation, innovation is an important factor for companies and has great significance for economic growth and innovation capacity of firms should have an impact on the goodwill value of the entry.

    Method: A quantitative study has been made in this paper. Through the database Retriever data was collected from the largest listed companies. An elimination was made for those companies that had not provided data that was required for the study. Through the statistical program Minitab was two regression models were conducted and analyzed.

    Conclusion: Our conclusion is that the two dimensions of innovation studied, patents and research and development, Large Cap both have a positive explainationary power on goodwill for Large Cap. For Mid Cap there no significant effect appears. For Small Cap patent has a weak impact on goodwill, while research and development showed no impact.

  • 27.
    Abukar, Ismahan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Wedin, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Male social workers experiences of gender baises: A study of gender biases within the social service in Gävle2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how men in the social service in Gävle experience gender biases within the social work profession. We conducted a qualitative research with five male social workers that we interviewed regarding gender biases. The main result ended up under three themes which are client influence and reinforcement; work culture; and lastly the unconscious experience. The conclusion is that male social workers experience gender biases accordingly through three themes.

  • 28.
    Abur, Diana
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Söderberg, Emma
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Fem pedagogers tankar kring matematikundervisningens utveckling i relation till styrdokumenten2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att studera matematikundervisningens utveckling genom att beskriva styrdokumentens, läroplanernas och kursplanernas påverkan på undervisningen. Bakgrunden till detta examensarbete är det faktum att många elever uppfattar skolmatematiken som komplicerad och ointressant och att de inte når de uppsatta målen. Metoden som användes var en litteraturgenomgång där matematikundervisningens utveckling studerades. Genom att även utföra en kvalitativ intervjuundersökning kunde fem yrkeserfarna pedagoger beskriva hur de uppfattar denna utveckling och hur det visar sig i deras matematikundervisning. Studien visar att i takt med att samhället utvecklas och förändras utvecklas också styrdokumenten. Historiskt sett har det visat sig att matematik haft andra ändamål än endast att undervisa och lära. Den har alltid kopplats ihop med något som ska uppfylla samhällets behov såsom att förbereda för fortsatta studier, ge en god grund för studier i andra ämnen och skapa dugliga samhällsmedborgare. De kvalitativa intervjuerna visar att lärarnas arbetsformer och undervisning påverkats av styrdokumentens skiftningar. Skolmatematiken har blivit mer kreativ och konkret och man vill komma utanför matematikboken genom att låta eleverna arbeta med vardagsmatematik och problemlösning. Litteraturgenomgången och intervjuerna visar att det inte finns något enkelt svar på när matematikundervisning utvecklas och hur man kan förändra arbetsmetoder i undervisningen därför att det finns andra faktorer som kan påverka. Det handlar inte bara om införandet av nya läroplaner, utan även om att hitta arbetsätt som anpassas efter elevernas förutsättningar för bästa möjliga resultat för både eleverna och samhället.

  • 29.
    Ackerstierna, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Dagens arbetsmiljö för tjänstemän i norra Virginia, USA: en studie av ett amerikanskt företag.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Describe a working climate a young professional can expect to face with a company in Northern Virginia, USA. Examine working conditions and the working environment through perspectives such as gender, culture, and leadership.

     

    Method: Qualitative research where one case study has been performed for collecting empirical data. Inductive logic and a constructivist approach have been used as strategy for parsing data.

     

    Result & Conclusions: There is a paradox between working hours and flexibility. Professionals work significantly more hours than stipulated in their job descriptions. The appropriate number of working hours is a gray zone issue and there is unspoken demand to stay and work late, especially at the higher levels within the organization. Finansa appears to be a flexible and understanding employer but only when missed hours are made up and added to with extra hours. The result is a false sense of employment security. There are no written contracts of employment and a manager and/or employer can fire you whenever they want to and without any reason. In addition, employees can leave the company without further notice. Finally, another important dimension to the work environment of the young professional is diversity. This is a demographic reality of professional life in Northern Virginia and it can present a significant challenge. It is extremely important for young professionals to understand that cultural differences influence the work environment; others may not think and act as you do and basic assumptions about conduct may differ greatly across cultures. The key for success in this diverse environment is to understand it exists in the workplace and to take action based on that knowledge. Tolerance of personal differences with co-workers is essential. Understanding how different ethnic groups deal with time, relations and environment could be the decisive key for success in the professional setting.

     

    Suggestions for future research: To perform a deeper study about working hours. To investigate how many hours white-collar workers in the US work outside stipulated working hours and how many hours they spend on volunteer hours. The gray zone of working hours is a large uninvestigated reality.

     

    Contribution of the thesis: Increase the understanding of challenges a young Swedish professional faces when working abroad and in particular with a company in Northern Virginia, USA.

  • 30.
    Ackerstierna, Eva
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi.
    Serviceerbjudande: En jämförelse av skola och omsorg mellan Sverige och Virginia (USA).2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: My topic is based on my own experiences from living in the USA for a few years.  Eventually, I realized the differences between our cultures were greater than my expectations. With three children in school you are thoroughly exposed to the education system and it is natural to make comparisons. This study is a comparative assessment of services offered in the areas of education and child-care. The aim for the study was to describe and evaluate service offered to families in Sweden and Virginia by using theories in marketing and service management. The primary aim is to highlight and discuss where is the best place to live.

  • 31. Adams, Robin
    et al.
    Fincher, Sally
    Pears, Arnold
    Börstler, Jürgen
    Boustedt, Jonas
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Dalenius, Peter
    Eken, Gunilla
    Heyer, Tim
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Lindberg, Vanja
    Molin, Bengt
    Moström, Jan-Erik
    Wiggberg, Mattias
    What is the word for 'Engineering' in Swedish: Swedish students conceptions of their discipline2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Engineering education in Sweden – as in the rest of the world – is experiencing a decline in student interest. There are concerns about the ways in which students think about engineering education, why they join an academic programme in engineering, and why they persist in their studies. In this context the aims of the Nationellt ämnesdidaktiskt Centrum för Teknikutbildning i Studenternas Sammanhang project (CeTUSS) is to investigate the student experience and to identify and support a continuing network of interested researchers, as well as in building capacity for disciplinary pedagogic investigation.

    The Stepping Stones project brings together these interests in a multi-researcher, multi-institutional study that investigates how tudents and academic staff perceive engineering in Sweden and in Swedish education. The first results of that project are reported here. As this study is situated uniquely in Swedish education, it allows for exploration of “a Swedish perspective” on conceptions of engineering. The Stepping Stones project was based on a model of research capacity-building previously instantiated in the USA and Australia (Fincher & Tenenberg, 2006).

  • 32.
    Adan Issack, Ibrahim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ivanova, Ekaterina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Integration of unemployed immigrants into the labor market in Gävle.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Integration of unemployed immigrants into the labor market in Gävle

    Authors: Ibrahim Adan Issack and Ekaterina Ivanova

    The aim of this study was to investigate unemployed immigrant’s description of how they perceive the labor market in Gävle. Qualitative method face-to-face interviews were used to gather data. The results of this study shows that an unemployed immigrant seems to encounter hinders and opportunities in the labor market. The following five issues were described as being most important in influencing immigrants’ employment opportunities in Gävle: Swedish language knowledge, previous education, discrimination, social network and family situation. Ecological system theory and previous research were used to analyze the gathered results. 

    Key words: integration, immigrant, labor market.

  • 33.
    Adebäck, Julia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Eriksson, Ludvig
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Påverkar äktheten i socialt ansvarstagande den finansiella lönsamheten i företag?: En kvantitativ studie av 280 europeiska bolag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Todays’ companies are facing an increased demand from society that they need to shift their priorities from just making money to being socially responsible. Due to the increased demand, the importance of the concept Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has also increased in the last decades. A popular branch in prior CSR studies has been to investigate if CSR-investments affects the Corporate financial performance (CFP) which has shown conflicting results. However, previous research has identified an authentic gap between what companies are promising and what they implement in reality. Therefore the aim with this study is to investigate how authentic investments in CSR, with regard to how a CSR committee and consistent CSR, influence corporate financial performance (CFP).

    Method: The study is based on the philosophy of positivism with a hypothetical deductive approach. Secondary data has been collected from Thomson Reuters Datastream with a quantitative approach. A longitudinal design has been used where data has been collected over a period of six years and the final sample has been processed and analyzed with regression analysis in IBM SPSS.

    Result & Conclusions: This study shows that companies’ financial performance is higher in the presence of a CSR-committee, which indicates that a company by engaging in authentic CSR-activities gets a higher financial performance. Management preferences to communicate the company's social responsibility results in a better financial performance due to a better relationship with the stakeholders

    Suggestions for future research: Suggestions for future research may investigate how the consistency of companies CSR is influenced by the new legislation over a longer period of time. Since the CSR-committee is influential for the financial performance we would also like to see further studies involving factors that might weaken or strengthen this relationship.

    Contribution of the thesis: From a theoretical perspective this study contributes to the accounting literature by investigating the relationship between financial performance and authentic CSR motives. From a practical perspective this study can be of interest for companies that are planning to implement a CSR-committee since this is an influential factor for the financial performance.

  • 34.
    Adebäck, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Norman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Innovationsförmågans påverkan på varumärket: En vindlande resa om redovisningens svårighet att informera om det mest väsentliga2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Developing an strong brand is a way for companies to stand out of the crowd, which today is necessary to conquer on the competitive market. The brand value is one of the most important assets in annual reports, but there are difficult to estimate an reliable value. It depends on the fact that the brand value is affected by few different factors, including innovativ-eness. Due to the thesis background the purpose enunciate: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate it there is a correlation between companies brand value and innovation capacity.

    Method: We have done a secondary data analysis, with help from the database Retriever. The combination of faint information and lack of quality in Retrievers capacity it contributed that we had to use semi-structured interviews as an complement to full follow the purpose. The paper per- form at Stockholm Nasdaq OMX and included de 250 largest companies that at least had one registered brand value. Companies with inapplicable data for the purpose of the study was elimi- nated. As a final the data was analysed by dint of linear regression, Pearsons correlation analysis, and interviews thru ”well-grounded theory”.

    Result & Conclusion: The result of the study indicated that there are positive relation between brand value and R&D. The complemented interviews contributed that the authors observed diff- erences between practitioners and researchers on the perception of between essential accounting information and the opportunities to provide principles to circumvent the recommendations. The conclusion of the study is that companies brand value are positively affected by the innovativeness.

    Suggestions for future research: Due to the lack of resources and qualitative database it wasn’t possible to satisfy the purpose of the study. Consequently our suggestion for future research will contain the recommendation to do the study on another stock exchange.

    Contribute of the thesis: Mainly this study contributes to illuminate the fact of accounting information: companies doesn't inform sufficient information to increase knowledge for there own business innovativeness and immaterial assets. Which can be seen as a problem. Second contribute comprises that there is, hence small or implicit, relation between brand value and their companies innovativeness at the researched companies. Consequently the results gets difficult to draw general conclusion from.

  • 35.
    Adén, Emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Barns delaktighet i högläsningen i förskolan: En intervjustudie avseende barns delaktighet i högläsningen genom ett förskollärarperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att genom sex intervjuer med förskollärare från olika förskolor med olika förutsättningar, undersöka hur förskollärarna upplever att barnen får vara delaktiga och ha inflytande i högläsningen. Resultatet visar att de flesta förskollärare använder sig av liknande metoder för att ge barnen delaktighet och inflytande i högläsningen. Dessa metoder kan vara att låta barnen vara med och välja böcker, att samtala med barnen kring den lästa boken samt att utgå från barnens intressen när man väljer böcker till avdelningen. Resultatet visade även att det finns hinder för barnens delaktighet i läsvilan. Dessa hinder kan vara att en del barn tappar koncentrationen på boken om läsningen blir avbruten för frågor eller andra kommentarer. Ett annat hinder kan även vara den tidsbrist som vissa förskollärare känner finns för den spontana högläsningen. Genom denna studie framkom hur förskollärarna upplever att de arbetar med delaktighet och inflytande i högläsningen samt att de upplever att barnen själva gör sig delaktiga i högläsningen genom att till exempel ställa frågor angående boken under läsningen.

     

  • 36.
    Aedel, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Rosell, Catrin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hallå! Det är mig du ska prata med!: En kvalitativ studie om bemötande, kommunikation och delaktighet i mötet med personer som saknar ett verbalt språk.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I början på 1990-talet kom lagen om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade (1993:387) och Lagen om assistansersättning (1993:389). Detta skapade möjligheter för funktionshindrade att få förutsättning till ett självständigt liv. Syftet med denna kvalitativa uppsats är att undersöka hur personliga assistenter upplever bemötande, kommunikation samt delaktighet i mötet mellan funktionsnedsatta barn utan verbal kommunikation och handläggare inom Försäkringskassa, LSS-handläggare och personal inom sjukvård. Då benämningen "personlig assistent" endast har funnits sedan början på 1990-talet är detta ett relativt outforskat område. Det empiriska materialet består av sex individuella intervjuer. I det analyserade empiriska materialet har tidigare känd forskning, empowermentteori och icke-verbal kommunikation använts. Resultatet av undersökningen tyder på att det finns brister i att bemöta, kommunicera och att få brukare känna sig delaktiga i deras egen livssituation. I studien framkommer det att personliga assistenterna upplever att det inte finns tillräckligt med tid och kunskap kring alternativ kommunikation, vilket kan vara orsaker till att brukarna inte känner sig delaktig

  • 37.
    Aenehband, Pardis
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Hur kan ledare motivera vardagsarbetet?: En fallstudie om Clas Ohlson2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis discus how store managers at Clas Ohlson motivate their co-workers at their everyday work.

    Motivation at work is essential, since engaging co-works makes the everyday routine work more effective. Otherwise that type of work can easily lead to unhappiness at the workplace which leads to less motivated workers, poor performance, even less motivated workers and this will start a negative circle.

    Other studies has shown that to in order to be pleased at a workplace and to keep qualified co-workers, the leaders needs to have knowledge in how they can use different techniques to increase staff motivation, but still motivation is not considered being an economic means of control. This has made me think about how leaders can motivate their workers at their everyday work.

    The questions at issue are:

    o How can leaders motivate co-workers in everyday work,

    o Which preferences the leaders consider control the individual motivation and

    o Which methods they can use to increase the motivation in the routine work.

    The purpose with this thesis is to study how leaders use their leadership to motivate workers to perform everyday work with more enthusiasm. To answer the question I have interviewed store managers at Clas Ohlson.

    In this thesis I have used a qualitative method, and I have compared relevant theories with the interviews I have done. Thus primary data has been gained through one-to-one interviews but also through mail interviews. Secondary data has its main source from literature studies, relevant to the subject but also articles from databases and Internet.

    The result I have concluded with this study is that a number of factors influence the co-workers motivation in everyday work. These factors are well communicated company goal, competence development, good personnel policy, strong company culture and reward of different kind which are influenced strongly of the store managers, but also management role and konwledge as leaders.

    I consider that Clas Ohlson has made use of all of these factors and my conclusion is based on the fact that workers in average stay longer at Clas Ohlson as employs than what they do in other retail stores.

  • 38.
    Agerhill, Madeleine
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Eriksson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Förvaltningsstrategier -   fyra värdeskapande perspektiv: En analys av fastighetsbolag i Sverige 2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMANFATTNING

    Titel: Förvaltningsstrategier - fyra värdeskapande perspektiv

    Nivå: C-uppsats i ämnet företagsekonomi

    Författare: Madeleine Agerhill & Johan Eriksson

    Handledare: Jens Eklinder Frick

    Datum: 2015 - februari

    Syfte: Syftet med vår studie är att utifrån de fyra indirekt värdeskapande perspektiven; finansiellt, kund, interna process samt innovation- och tillväxt, analysera hur fastighetsbolag utformar sina CREM- relaterade strategier.

    Metod: Uppsatsens primära data har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio stycken personer från några lokala samt några av Sveriges största fastighetsbolag. Uppsatsen tillämpar sekundärdata i form av vetenskapliga artiklar, böcker och Internetkällor. Vi redovisar vårt inhämtade empiriska underlag och analyserar därefter empirins relevans gentemot den tidigare forskningen. För att uppnå en djupare förståelse för de indirekta värdena fastighetsförvaltning kan skapa bygger vi vår studie på en hermeneutik vetenskapsgrund.

    Resultat & slutsats: Vi presenterar konkreta exempel på hur fastighetsförvaltning kan generera indirekta värden till företags kärnverksamheter. Uppsatsen tydliggör att fastighetsbolagen själva kan dra stor nytta av att generera mervärde till sina kunder. Mervärde skapar nöjdare kunder vilket bidrar till starka och långsiktiga relationer. Långsiktiga kundrelationer skapar ett mer hållbart och starkare fastighetsbolag då de ökar sin konkurrensfördel på en utsatt marknad.

    Förslag till fortsatt forskning: Studien ger anvisningar för framtida forskning med särskilt fokus på Sverige. Framtida forskning skulle kunna analysera vilken påverkan de indirekta värdena har ur företagens synvinkel. Det skulle samtidigt vara intressant att analysera vilka värden som kan uttryckas genom fastigheten. Utstrålar fastigheten den bild som organisationer vill uppnå? Bidrar fastighetens utseende till värde för varumärken? Vilka verktyg finns tillgängliga för att stödja fastighetens varumärkshantering? Lärdomar kan då dras från forskningsområden som arkitektur, marknadsföring och beteendevetenskap.

    Uppsatsens bidrag: Genom att ta del av vår studie ökar läsaren sin förståelse för hur fastighetsförvaltning kan generera indirekta värden till företags kärnverksamheter. Studien påvisar vilka effekter och fördelar som finns med att betrakta de indirekta värdena vid utformning av förvaltningsstrategier.  Fastighetsbolag kan använda vår uppsats som ett konkret underlag för att avgöra vilka indirekta faktorer som påverkar kunders kärnverksamheter. Företag som använder sig av externa fastighetsförvaltare kan med hjälp av vår uppsats öka sin förståelse för de mervärden fastighetsbolag genererar.

    Nyckelord: fastigheter, förvaltning, CREM, indirekta, värde, kund.

  • 39.
    Aghakhanyan, Liana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Läsfrämjande arbete X5000-Läståget: Hur kan förskollärare arbeta med flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Aghester, Victor
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Gunnarsson, Alfred
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Användandet av mänskliga modeller i bostadsannonser: En undersökning gällande spekulanters preferenser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att analysera spekulanters preferenser beträffande foton i en annons, för att skapa en förståelse för effekten av att använda sig av mänskliga modeller.   Metod: En experimentell studie med ett deduktivt synsätt där analyser av vetenskapliga artiklar och litteratur har utförts för att ge en god överblick av tidigare forskning. Insamling av empiri har skett genom en experimentell kvantitativ metod och enkätundersökningar. Vi har analyserat vårt resultat i SPSS och framställt deskriptiv statistik, korrelationsanalys, klusteranalys, faktoranalys och T-test.   Slutsats: Vår undersökning leder oss till slutsatsen att bostadsintressenter rent generellt är mer positivt inställda till en bostadsbild där mänskliga modeller exkluderas. Emellertid visar studien att det finns tre variabler vars högsta medelvärde uppmätts i experiment tre, nämligen hemtrevlig, insyn, och utsikt. Således gör vi konklusionen att en konstellation av en manlig och en kvinnlig modell vid marknadsföringen av en bostad, påverkar bostadsintressenters inställning positivt vad gäller dessa tre variabler.  Uppsatsens bidrag: Vårt bidrag till företagsekonomins och marknadsföringens forskningsområde är en ökad förståelse för hur mänskliga modeller inom bostadsannonsering påverkar intressenter på bostadsmarknaden. Vidare bidrar arbetet också genom att innefatta riktlinjer för branschen att rätta sig efter vid användning av modeller i sin marknadsföring av bostäder.

  • 41.
    Agndal, Henrik
    et al.
    School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Åge, Lars-Johan
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eklinder-Frick, Jens
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Two decades of business negotiation research: an overview and suggestions for future studies2017In: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, ISSN 0885-8624, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 487-504Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This article present a review of articles on business negotiation published between 1995 and 2015.

    Design/methodology/approach: This literature review is based on 490 article on business negotiation.

    Findings: When analyzing the conceptual underpinnings of this field, two paradigms emerge as dominant. The most prominent paradigm is a cognitive, psychological approach, typically relying on experiments and statistical testing of findings. The second dominating paradigm is a behavioral one, largely concerned with mathematical modelling and game-theoretical models.

    Practical implications: Besides offering a description of the characteristics adhered to the business negotiation field, this paper will also suggest recommendations for further research and specify areas in which the research field needs further conceptual and empirical development.

    Originality/value: This literature review serves to be the first representation of the characteristics adhered to the budding research field of business negotiation.

  • 42.
    Agné, Sophia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Jansson, Pirjo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    En intervjustudie om förskollärarnas uppfattningar och erfarenheter gällande ett interkulturellt förhållningssätt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För dagens och morgondagens barn och vuxna i det mångkulturella och globaliserade samhället, blir kunskapen om andra kulturer helt avgörande. Det har bidragit till en förändring som kräver ökad förståelse och medkänsla hos individer eftersom möten med främmande kulturer har blivit en alltmer viktig del av vardagen.

    Detta arbete handlar om pedagogens uppdrag att arbeta med mångfalden, förhållningssätt, kulturell bakgrund samt samverkan. Studiens fokus har varit att undersöka hur nio förskollärare uppfattar om mångkulturella frågor och hur pedagoger arbetar med ett interkulturellt förhållningssätt. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer har förskollärarnas varierande uppfattningar vaskats och som sedan analyserats. Avsikten är att skapa utökad kunskap för att förstå en del av det komplexa samhället.

    I tidigare forskning framkommer det att den mångkulturella utbildningen i högskolan inte kom igång förrän på 1990 talet, det innebär att skolan långsamt försöker hitta nya interkulturella former. Det handlar om att lärarna behöver få ökad förståelse hur barn söker kunskap och skapar identiteter, vilket kan leda till berikande möten mellan olika kulturer. Lärarens roll är inte längre att vara informationsöverförare utan ses som medresenärer på den gemensamma mångfaldsresan. Genom att införskaffa sig kunskap i mötet med det främmande gäller det att känna till sin egen bakgrund och värderingar.

    Resultatet visar att förskollärarna arbetar till viss del med barnens kulturella olikheter/likheter i barngruppen. De var positiva, nyfikna och intresserade till andra språk där man sjöng, räknade och läste sagor på barnens respektive språk. I studien framgår det att förskollärarna lyfter endast upp en liten del av barns hemkultur och deras erfarenheter som språket, maten och högtider. De väljer inte exempelvis att belysa religion som en del av kulturen.

    I undersökningen var förskollärarna lyhörda och positiva till flerspråkighet och att stötta föräldrarna i deras roll. De lärde sig också vissa fraser för att underlätta för barnet. De samarbetade med föräldrarna när det behövdes. Tolk användes inte i någon större utsträckning. Majoriteten av förskollärare ansåg att de inte hade mångkulturellitet i sin barngrupp på grund av att många föräldrar kom från grannländerna. De hade inte heller diskuterat eller reflekterat över mångkulturella frågor i någon större utsträckning.

    I studien framgår det att majoriteten av förskollärarna hade svårt att definiera begreppet interkulturellt och interkulturellt förhållningssätt. De verkade inte vara medvetna om ordens betydelse eller ha reflekterat över dessa begrepp. De hade som utgångspunkt ett monokulturellt synsätt, vilket utesluter individer med andra perspektiv. Det framgick ett "vi" och "dem" tänkande som hindrar det interkulturella förhållningssätt bland förskollärarna. Någon medvetenhet över förskolemiljöns roll, hur den speglar synen på mångfalden fanns inte på de respektive förskolorna. Det framgick även att majoriteten av förskollärarna hade ett behov av kompetensutveckling där de kan få ökad kunskap i ämnet samt tips och idéer hur förskolan kan utveckla sin verksamhet.

  • 43.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    Olofsson, Åke
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Education.
    Taube, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Studenter med dyslexi inom högre utbildning i Sverige och Storbritannien2010In: Dyslexi, ISSN 1401-2480, Vol. 3, p. 4-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Ahl, Rebecca
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Pettersson, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Hur barn upplever och påverkas av hälsofrämjande arbete: En enkätstudie som undersöker kunskap, inställning och attityd gällande tobaksanvändning hos barn som besökt Hälsoäventyret2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur Hälsoäventyrets pedagogiska arbete påverkar kunskaper och attityder hos barn i åldrarna 12-13 år gällande tobak och tobaksanvändning. I studien genomfördes enkätundersökningar på tre olika skolklasser som besökt Hälsoäventyrets program “Typ tobak, liksom... ”. Enkäten innehöll både kvantitativa och kvalitativa frågor och svaren analyserades med hjälp av programmet Webropol samt genom en tematisk analys. Resultatet visar på att barnen uppskattar Hälsoäventyrets pedagogik för att den är varierad, lekfull och praktisk. En majoritet av barnen anser dessutom att deras attityd mot tobak påverkats. De främsta anledningarna är att barnen har fått mer kunskap och förståelse om tobak och dess negativa inverkan på kropp, miljö och ekonomi, detta har även påverkat barnen till att inte vilja använda tobak i framtiden. 

  • 45.
    Ahlander, Åsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Barns matematikinlärning i utemiljön.: Ett arbetsmaterial för pedagoger i förskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Ahlberg, Anna-Karin
    Gävle kommun.
    Från pedagogisk lunch till måltidspedagogik: en het potatis i förskolan?2017In: Förskolans kommunikationsmiljö: betraktelser och reflektioner kring Gävle förskolors kommunikativa möjligheter / [ed] Pettersson, D. & Magnusson, L., Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2017, p. 193-213Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Ahlberg, Maja
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Johansson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det ätstörda samhället och det sociala arbetet: En kvalitativ studie om ätstörningar ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main domain in which eating disorders are defined is medical, whereas socio-cultural perspectives are less common. Because social workers seeks to explain different problems taking societal factors into account, we asked ourselves if social workers have a way of understanding eating disorders, that is different from a medical point of view. Two focus group interviews were conducted; the one composed by social workers with experience of working with eating disorders, and the other by social workers without that experience, which enabled comparisons. The interviews were analyzed using socio-cultural and feminist perspectives. The result showed that the social workers use socio-cultural perspectives in explaining eating disorders. Both groups also emphasized the medical perspective, but the first group where less willing than the other to depart from this perspective. The conclusion were made that the social workers having experience of working with eating disorders are more into the medical discourse than are the ones without this experience.

  • 48.
    Ahlbom, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för elektronik.
    Nordlander, Edvard
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för elektronik.
    Inspirerar teknikämnet i den svenska grundskolan till högre teknikstudier?2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Krisen i tillströmningen till svensk teknikutbildning har uppmärksammats kraftigt av avnämarkategorierna den senaste tiden. Fackföreningen Sveriges Ingenjörer hävdar att om inget görs kommer det år 2020 att fattas 50 000 ingenjörer, vilket motsvarar en fjärdedel av arbetsstyrkan i vid bemärkelse om något mer än ett decennium. I ROSE-rapporten beskrivs ett allmänt ointresse för tekniska och naturvetenskapliga studier bland I-ländernas ungdomar i skarp kontrast till ungdomar i utvecklingsländer. Detta beror på att elevernas väljer utbildning efter värderingar och identiteter, vilket inte tycks uppfyllas av tekniska studier.

     

    I föreliggande arbete kommer faktorer för ungdomars studieval att kartläggas. Den svenska grundskolans teknikämne har ett uttalade mål - att utveckla intresse för teknik. Undersökningen vänder sig direkt till eleverna och försöker ge svar på om teknikämnet lever upp till detta mål. De lokala kursplanerna skiljer sig avsevärt och de typer som man kan hitta på skolornas webbplatser är oftast av någon av följande typer:

    1.      Lokal kursplan som i detalj beskriver vad som skall behandlas årskursvis samt de mål som eleven förväntas uppnå.

    2.      Nationella kursplanen utan lokala tolkningar eller specifikationer för ämnets genomförande.

    3.      En synnerligen kort lokal kursplan (mera traditionella ämnen är vanligtvis avsevärt mera specificerade).

    4.      Ingen kursplan för teknikämnet presenteras överhuvudtaget.

     

    Undersökningen tar även hänsyn till lärarnas kompetens inom ämnet och sätter resultatet i relation till bristfällig utbildning.

     

    Frågeställningar: Hur kan man genomföra god utbildning i teknikämnet utan kursplan eller endast med den nationella kursplanen möjligen kompletterad med synnerligen rudimentära tolkningar och specifikationer? Hur kan en lärare med bristfällig utbildning inom ämnet genomföra högkvalitativ undervisning och utveckla elevernas intresse? Finns det en korrelation mellan vagt specificerade kursplaner, lärares brister i utbildning, samhällets signaler om att förverkliga personliga mål i samklang med den egna identiteten, samt den mångfacetterade svenska gymnasieskolan, som kan ge svar på varför elever avstår från högre tekniska studier? Vilka är elevernas synpunkter på teknikämnet som inspirationskälla och vad minns man från undervisningen efter någon tid? I vilken mån utvecklade teknikämnet ett tekniskt intresse och gav det i så fall resultat i valet av gymnasieutbildning?

     

    Undersökningen är primärt baserad på en fenomenologisk kvalitativ metod med djupintervjuer. I detta arbete kommer pilotintervjuer att redovisas – ett sätt att förfina metoden och senare göra mera omfattande intervjuarbete där egna förutfattade meningar om intervjuobjekten minimeras, informationen renodlas och resultat syntetiseras.

     

    Urvalet av intervjuobjekt sker i grundskolans sista år, då eleverna bestämt sig för gymnasieinriktning (oavsett vilket) och därför sannolikt kan ge information om vilka faktorer som inverkade. Urvalet kommer att ske såväl med tanke på kön (teknikutbildning är manligt dominerad) som hemvist (uppväxt på landet eller i tätort) - faktorer som kan ha betydelse i studievalet.

     

    Elever från gymnasiets första (och möjligen andra) år kommer att delta i en enkätundersökning för att undersöka om deras teknikintresse har ändrats. Enkäten kommer senare att utnyttjas på intervjuobjekten från grundskolan, när de påbörjat gymnasiala studier, och resultaten jämförs med den tidigare informationen från intervjuerna.

  • 49.
    Ahlbom, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Electronics.
    Nordlander, Edvard
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Electronics.
    Why choose a technical career?2010In: Socio-cultural and Human Values in Science and Technology Education / [ed] Slavko Dolinšek, Terry Lyons, Ljubljana, Slovenia: IRI UL , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Technology is a neglected mandatory subject in the Swedish compulsory school. The subject is supposed to inspire young people to consider a technical career, due to an increasing need for engineers and a declining recruitment to engineering education.

    An investigation of influential factors for choosing a technical career is presented. The factors are well-known, but the relative impact of the factors is investigated using questionnaires and semi-structured interviews with engineering students. Special focus is put on the effect of previous technical schooling. The most important factors for choosing technical education are personal technical interest, future salary expectations, and personal qualities.

  • 50.
    Ahlbom, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för elektronik.
    Ylva, Bjelksäter
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för elektronik.
    Eva, Hartell
    Stockholms universitet, UTEP.
    Edvard, Nordlander
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för elektronik.
    Cooperative methods for investigating the influence of Swedish compulsory technology education on pupils’ attitudes to technology2009In: PATT 22  (Pupils' Attitudes Towards Technology), 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of Swedish students applying to technical education is decreasing, and this fact will lead to a severe shortage of engineers in a just a decade. As an example, the candidates applying to the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) has reduced by 30 % the last couple of years. Furthermore, the ROSE report clearly describes young people’s lack of interest in science and technology in the industrialised world in sharp contrast to the situation in the developing countries.

    Why is the interest for technical education decreasing? What makes other fields of education more popular? What image of technology does the compulsory school deliver?

    Technology was introduced as a mandatory subject in Swedish compulsory school in 1980 and got its own syllabus when the current national curriculum was introduced in 1994. One of the goals of the Swedish compulsory school is to develop an interest for technology as well as capability and judgement in handling technical issues.

    In what way does the Swedish compulsory school work with this goal? Is the school successful in making pupils interested? What are the pupils’ opinions?

    Each school can decide when and how the pupils get technology education, but every pupil is expected and entitled to reach the national goals.

    To get an overall picture of the technology subject questions will be investigated as parts of tree different Ph.D. projects.

    • How do we actually know that pupils learn what they are entitled to?
    • How is the technology syllabus interpreted, in theory and practice?
    • Does the technology subject really develop an interest for technology and does it inspire to further technical studies? 

    In order to find out if pupils reach the national goals in technology, a questionnaire is launched in schools all over Sweden. The interpretation of the syllabus will be studied through observations comparing teaching practice with the local planning of the technology subject. To get answers, whether the technology subject has any impact on the interest and the choice of further studies, interviews are made among students and teachers in compulsory school as well as in upper secondary school.

    The findings of the cooperating projects will together contribute with answers about the state of the technology education in the Swedish compulsory school system, and how the subject could be developed in the future.

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