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  • 1.
    Abukar, Ismahan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Wedin, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Male social workers experiences of gender baises: A study of gender biases within the social service in Gävle2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how men in the social service in Gävle experience gender biases within the social work profession. We conducted a qualitative research with five male social workers that we interviewed regarding gender biases. The main result ended up under three themes which are client influence and reinforcement; work culture; and lastly the unconscious experience. The conclusion is that male social workers experience gender biases accordingly through three themes.

  • 2.
    Adan Issack, Ibrahim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ivanova, Ekaterina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Integration of unemployed immigrants into the labor market in Gävle.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Integration of unemployed immigrants into the labor market in Gävle

    Authors: Ibrahim Adan Issack and Ekaterina Ivanova

    The aim of this study was to investigate unemployed immigrant’s description of how they perceive the labor market in Gävle. Qualitative method face-to-face interviews were used to gather data. The results of this study shows that an unemployed immigrant seems to encounter hinders and opportunities in the labor market. The following five issues were described as being most important in influencing immigrants’ employment opportunities in Gävle: Swedish language knowledge, previous education, discrimination, social network and family situation. Ecological system theory and previous research were used to analyze the gathered results. 

    Key words: integration, immigrant, labor market.

  • 3.
    Ahlberg, Maja
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Johansson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det ätstörda samhället och det sociala arbetet: En kvalitativ studie om ätstörningar ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main domain in which eating disorders are defined is medical, whereas socio-cultural perspectives are less common. Because social workers seeks to explain different problems taking societal factors into account, we asked ourselves if social workers have a way of understanding eating disorders, that is different from a medical point of view. Two focus group interviews were conducted; the one composed by social workers with experience of working with eating disorders, and the other by social workers without that experience, which enabled comparisons. The interviews were analyzed using socio-cultural and feminist perspectives. The result showed that the social workers use socio-cultural perspectives in explaining eating disorders. Both groups also emphasized the medical perspective, but the first group where less willing than the other to depart from this perspective. The conclusion were made that the social workers having experience of working with eating disorders are more into the medical discourse than are the ones without this experience.

  • 4. Ahmadi, Babak
    et al.
    Badal, Ann-Christin
    Eltoum, Eisa
    Freimuth, Kristina
    Integrationen av ensamkommande flyktingbarn i Sverige ur HVB-hemvårdares perspektiv2013In: Ensamkommande flyktingbarn: utifrån perspektivet socialt arbete / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & My Lilja, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2013, p. 149-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Coping och arbetsliv: arbetsliv som en coping-strategi2014In: Hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv: ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & Sam Larsson, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2014, p. 61-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Coping with cancer through music: Three studies among cancer patients in Sweden2016In: Music therapy in the management of medical conditions / [ed] Hashefi, Mandana, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2016, 1, p. 135-151Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, the result of three research studies on meaning-making coping conducted among cancer patients in Sweden is used to highlight the effect of music in coping with cancer. The first research was a qualitative research aiming to study coping with cancer, through religious and spiritual means, from a cultural perspective. The second project was a quantitative study, which aimed to determine to what extent the result of the first study could be generalized to the cancer patients in Sweden. The third study had as its target to investigate the cancer patients’ own understanding of the role of music in coping. The results of these studies indicate the impact of culture in using music as a coping method when facing the psychological burden cancer brings with itself. The outcomes of the third study showed, besides the impact of culture, the individual characteristics of the music as a coping method.

  • 7.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ensamkommande barn i ett internationellt och nationellt perspektiv2013In: Ensamkommande flyktingbarn: utifrån perspektivet socialt arbete / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & My Lilja, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2013, p. 13-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Larsson, SamUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv: ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Larsson, Sam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Redaktörernas inledning: en spelöppning om hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv2014In: Hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv: ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & Sam Larsson, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2014, p. 9-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Lilja, MyUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarn: utifrån perspektivet socialt arbete2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Palm, Irving
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet, Uppsala.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Mångfaldsbarometern 20162016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    1. Erfarenheterna från människor med utländsk bakgrund fortfarande goda Erfarenheterna från att ha kollegor med utländsk bakgrund i skolan eller på jobbet är goda hos 70 procent av befolkningen och stabila över tiden. En av tio har dåliga erfarenheter. Ju högre utbildning man har desto bättre erfarenheter. Respondenter med låg utbildning och pensionärer saknar relativt ofta helt erfarenhet från människor med utländsk bakgrund.
    2. Försämrade attityder till att ge utlandsfödda sociala och kulturella rättigheter En majoritet tycker att nyanlända skall ha samma sociala rättigheter som personer födda i Sverige – men de positiva attityderna har minskat från 77 procent år 2014 till 55 procent i årets mätning. Knappt hälften av respondenterna vill skapa förutsättningar för människor att bevara sina kulturella traditioner, och även här kan en tydlig minskning skönjas jämfört med 2014. Dessa försämrade attityder återfinns bland såväl kvinnor och män, som unga och gamla.
    3. Allmänt mångfaldsindex sjunker och tangerar lägsta nivå Fortfarande är 64 procent av befolkningen positiva till mångfald men andelen minskar med 10 procentenheter. Försämrade attityder till mångfald märks bland kvinnor och de i medelåldern.
    4. Positiva attityder till mångfald i ett arbetsperspektiv – men något försämrade Fortfarande är de positiva till mångfald en betydligt större grupp än de negativa i ett arbetsperspektiv. Men de negativa attityderna ökar något sedan 2014, bl.a. bland kvinnorna.
    5. Attityderna till mångfald i ett religionsperspektiv har försämrats Kvinnorna har i ett religionsperspektiv nästan blivit lika negativa som män. Försämrade attityder har också skett bland akademiker som annars är de mest positiva. Nästan hälften av de boende i Sverige hävdar att alla religioner inte har samma värderingar och särskiljer då framförallt Islam.
    6. Negativa attityder till människor från Afrika och Mellanöstern i ett boendeperspektiv Var tredje boende i Sverige föredrar personer födda i Sverige som grannar. Men det beror mycket på varifrån grannen kommer. Attityderna är betydligt sämre mot eventuella grannar från Afrika eller Mellanöstern då dessa grupper enligt många är förenat med problem.
    7. Majoritet för att etnisk mångfald utvecklar den svenska kulturen – men attityderna försämras Hälften av de tillfrågade uppfattar stora olikheter mellan den inhemska kulturen och kulturer från Afrika och Mellanöstern. Människor från dessa länder anses vara svårintegrerade i samhället.

     

  • 12.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Lönnback, Eva Britt
    Tvärkulturellt socialt arbete: av socialarbetare för socialarbetare2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Algerstam, Veronica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Andersson, Agnes
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    A Narrative Study About International Adopted Young Adults' Experiences Regarding Identity Development2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was based on three interviews with three internationally adopted young adults. The aim of the study was to explore how international adopted young adults have experienced their identity development in a retrospective perspective in relation to family and friends. To answer the research-questions semi-structured qualitative inter­views have been performed. A narrative method was chosen to explore how the parti­cipants' described their experiences. Topics that appeared in the result where topics such as family relationships, the society’s influence on the participants and connections to other adoptees. The conclusions of this study were that com­muni­cation and connections to family was an essential factor in the subjects' identity develop­ment. The informants feeling of belonging was affected by society´s influence on appearances and it was important for the participants to have someone in their life that they could talk to and get support from.  

  • 14.
    Alm, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Alsaid, Madelein
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Anhörigvårdare i ett mångkulturellt samhälle: om vuxna barn och deras äldre hjälpbehövande föräldrar med invandrarbakgrund2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to study and understand the situation of adult children and their experiences of providing daily care for their elderly parents in need who have an immigrant background. One of the aims was to describe and analyze the motives of adult children choosing to become caregivers, without recourses to the right of using the public elderly care in form of home care and/or elderly care homes. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with five adult children who cared for their parents. The theoretical frames of analysis were symbolic interactionism with the concepts “I” and “Me” and “significant others”, the theory of reciprocity and finally risk factors for social exclusion. The theoretical frames were used to give deeper insight and different perspectives of the social reality of informal caring. Important results found in our study are that adult children who care for their parents believe it is their duty to help the person who used to take care of them. They described the relationship to their care receiving parents in positive words, but their care duties were described also as heavy and time consuming. These duties were sometimes hard to combine with employment for the family caregiver. Important factors for the adult childrens’ choice to become caregivers were interpersonal relationships, culture and language - language as a practical obstacle but also as part of the culture. Conclusions that could be drawn were that reasons behind the refrain from receiving assistance from the public eldercare was a combination of the wish of the adult children to preserve their culture and their parents’ helplessness in not being able to make themselves and their needs understood in their own language.

  • 15.
    Almkrona, Ebba
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Björkman, Josefine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Den moderna mobbningen: Nätmobbning bland ungdomar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the professionals experiences of cyber bullying among teenagers of the age 14-16. To answer the purpose of the study six semi-structured interviews were performed with professionals who work in close contact with teenagers within the school system and social work. To analyze the results symbolic interactionism is used as well as concepts of attitude and norms. The results demonstrated that teenagers that have experienced cyber bullying can exhibit symptom of depression, self harming behavior and in certain cases performed suicide attempts. One contributing factor to why cyber bullying present to the extent it does is because teenagers are able to be anonymous on the internet. Being anonymous contributes to teenagers being able to act cruel towards each other with little repercussion. By informing teenagers and drawing attention to the impact cyber bullying have on a person is considered the most effective way to prevent cyber bullying to present itself according to interviewed people.

  • 16.
    Almqvist, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nilsson, Angelica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En handlingsplan kan vara skillnaden mellan liv och död: Socialsekreterares beskrivningar av arbetet med hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how the social services work with honor-related violence and oppression, and how action plans are implemented into the work. Honor-related violence and oppression is a relatively new problem in Sweden and for a long time, the social services have lacked strategies for how the problem should be handled. Evaluations of the social services have shown that several municipalities in Sweden lack specific action plans against honor-related violence and oppression, as well as routines and guidelines for their work in this area. This study is based on qualitative interviews with five professional social workers from different municipalities. Through the interviews, each social worker’s view on the work of honor-related violence and oppression and the importance of the action plan have been highlighted. The results showed that the social workers described their work in a similar way but their view on the importance of an action plan differed. Based on the results of the study, our conclusion was that action plans can be a solid ground that creates a unified structure for the social services, and are therefore important in the work against honor-related violence and oppression. 

  • 17.
    Alvarado Orellana, Sara Lucia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kamariza, Cynthia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    An analysis on how the media describe intimate partner violence from a social constructionist perspective2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to get a better understanding on how Swedish media describes intimate partner violence from a social constructionist perspective. This was done by analysing the way this violence is projected in three Swedish newspapers namely Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter & Expressen. Our study focused on heterosexual relationships and investigated how some sample of Swedish newspapers described the image of “men and women as perpetrators; gender construction”, “the presentation of the violence” and “the way society treats intimate partner violence victims (male/female)”. The theoretical approach in this analysis was based on social constructionism with a special focus on gender. In order to address the research objectives, a content analysis was performed and some comment and analysis on themes were given. The research findings revealed that both men and women could be perpetrators and victims of intimate partner violence with a main focus on woman as victims from media.

  • 18.
    Andersas, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Engholm, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hedersbrottslighetens ideala offer: En kvantitativ genomgång av polisens utredningar av brott med hederskaraktär2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    "The ideal victims of honour-related crime"

    The purpose of this study is to examine if characteristics of victim and perpetrator and circumstances involving the crime, which are described in the theory of "the ideal victim", have an influence on the outcome of police employee’s independent assessment on crimes of honour character. In order to examine this a quantitative method has been applied and a logistic regression has been made of data based on identified crimes whit honour as a motive. The results of the study have shown that eleven variables which has a connection to characteristics and circumstances involving the crime and the investigation, as gender, age and circumstances surrounding reporting the crime, have a significant influence on the outcome. The study’s main conclusion is that no clear connection can be drawn between the outcome of assessments on crimes with an honour motive and the perception of the ideal victim.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nilsson, Madeleine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det kompetenta barnet?: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares syn på barns möjlighet till delaktighet vid familjehemsplaceringar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Department of social work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sjölund, Maria
    Department of social work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Challenges in Elderly Night-Time Care: Dignity 24 Hours a Day in Swedish Elderly Home Care Services?2017In: Innovation in aging, E-ISSN 2399-5300, Vol. 1, no Suppl. 1, p. 302-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research study explores a large knowledge gap within Swedish elderly care – namely the challenges of within home care services at night. Despite that home care services is the most common support given to the elderly in Sweden. The few National and International studies that exist on night-time care, have focused on residential care facilities for the elderly. Therefore, focus here is on night-time care in their own homes, given by the night patrol – which we know very little about.

    In the last decades, organizational transformation has taken place within elderly care towards increased rationalization and marketization. Along with demographical changes, this raises questions of dignified care, equal social rights and access to care. As the elderly are living longer and living in their own homes with severe disability and vulnerability, the pressure on home care services will increase – including at night. Dignity in care has been legislated in the Swedish Social Services Act, but is vaguely implemented, specifically at night.

    Discussed are results of an interview survey with managers responsible for night-time home care services in 50 Swedish municipalities. How night-time care is organized varies depending on local governance, location and size of municipalities. This indicates challenges for equal access to care, depending on where you live. Care workers experience time pressure at night with many fragile elderly in need of care. How efforts to secure dignity and safety for older people varies over night is therefore important to reveal, not the least from a social equality perspective.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Linda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hanterbarhet: En kvalitativ studie av erfarenheter av stress och utbrändhet i arbetet med barn och unga inom socialtjänsten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Coping – a qualitative study of experiences of stress and burn-out in the work with children and youth within the social services.

    The aim of this study was to examine experiences and coping of work related stress and burn-out among social workers within the child and youth department of the social services in a larger municipality of Sweden. It is a qualitative study built on interviews with social workers about their experiences of stressful situations in their demanding working environment, and how they manage to handle these. They find their work-load unrestricted and demanding. To guard their own limits to their work-load and engagement in the organization and cases they work with, and to prioritize the duties they find most important, are found to be the main coping strategies. Support from colleagues and family, as well as working part time when having children, are also expressed as important factors in managing the stressful working situation, and to hopefully avoid burn-out.

  • 22.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Göthe, Josefin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Att verka mot ett gemensamt mål: En kvalitativ studie om samverkan i Barnahus Gävleborg2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is based on a qualitative study, and is first and foremost about cooperation. The purpose of the study was to examine the cooperation which takes place within Barnahus, in the county of Gävleborg. This study was conducted in order to understand how the cooperation manifests itself. The empiric data was collected by ways of qualitative half-structured interviews with seven active personnel in Barnahus. The results show that cooperation does exist and manifests itself in different levels depending on profession and suboperation. The essay’s conclusions showed that cooperation is a complex phenomenon, but there is an ongoing development process within the function. Some problematic areas from earlier research remain, and should be developed. A positive attitude towards intercommunion/cooperation has permeated the interviewees’ statements.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Ros-Mari
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kolm, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det allra bästa stödet: En kvalitativ intervju- och vinjettstudie om socialtjänstens arbete med barn som upplevt våld i familjen utifrån socialarbetares beskrivningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to study how social workers in social services in a municipality describe their work with children and parents in families where children have experienced violence within the family. The research questions concerned how children participate in social service work and what support children and parents receive. Five social workers were interviewed with a thematised interview guide and a vignette. The theoretical perspectives applied in the analysis were the systems theory and risk and protective factors. The results showed that children participate in social service work by being given information and support based on their needs. It also emerged that social services applied an overall policy of offering support to both children and parents in families where children have experienced violence. The results furthermore showed that social services can help families develop their social network.

  • 24. Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    Hall, Maria
    Ensamkommande barns integration: en kvalitativ studie av socialarbetares erfarenheter2013In: Ensamkommande flyktingbarn: utifrån perspektivet socialt arbete / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & My Lilja, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2013, p. 51-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Andrén, Maria
    et al.
    Landstinget i Värmland.
    Sponseller, Kay
    Landstinget i Värmland.
    Om och om igen: studiehäfte till gymnastik-musikprogrammet1988Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Andrén, Marianne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Boman, Tomas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Behov av kompetensutveckling bland verksamhetschefer och biståndshandläggare i Region Gävleborg: omsorg om äldre personer : omsorg om personer med funktionsnedsättning2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport har varit att kartlägga kompetensbehov som finns bland enhetschefer/verksamhetschefer och biståndshandläggare inom äldreomsorg och omsorg om funktionsnedsatta i Region Gävleborg. Kartläggningen genomfördes genom en webbenkät som besvarades av totalt 155 respondenter. Resultatet visade att, trots att Högskolan i Gävle i den nuvarande socionomutbildningen har inslag av ämnesspecifika kunskaper inom äldre- och funktionshinderområdet samt en specifik kurs inom organisation/ledarskap, finns behov av kompetensutveckling på grundläggande högskolenivå inom dessa områden. Likartade kompetensutvecklingsbehov uttrycktes även på avancerad-/masternivå. För att kunna erbjuda den kompetensutveckling som efterfrågas är det av vikt att arbetsgivare och Högskolan i Gävle samverkar kring utformning av utbildningsinsatser för att ge goda förutsättningar för medarbetare att delta och genomföra dessa.

  • 27.
    Annikova, Elena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Public Service Announcement: the way to attract attention to problem in society and to change model of social behavior: a multi methods research, which is combined both of quantitative and qualitative methods, about Public Service Announcement2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This multi methods research, which is combined both of quantitative and qualitative methods, is about Public Service Announcement (PSA). This study is aimed to find out if something changes in behavior of people and their attitude to social problem in Russia by an impact of PSA and to understand whereby PSA impacts on changes in behavior of people and rise of attention to social problem in Russia. In order to achieve thesis aims, various types of data presented in this research: a survey of   50 people from different age and sex groups and interviews with a workers of two social organizations. To analyze a data, it were used a univariate and bivariate analysis for quantitative data. Analysis of qualitative data is done in a phenomenological way. According to the results, PSA performs its tasks, something it’s changed in people by impact of PSA, people of all ages noted an  influence of PSA on them, they get to know about social problem, begin to think about or changed their behavior, begun to work as volunteers, made a donation. By all this aspects as emotion, feeling, sensation, design, PSA impact on changes in behavior of people and rise of attention to social problem in Russia.  PSA impacts across effective psychological mechanism such as an emotional sphere of personality. Psychological aspects can be divided into cognitive and emotional. Emotion is one of the key factors of the PSAs. It is established that emotional memory is much stronger than other types of memory, affects human behavior. Cognitive component is related to how advertising information is perceived by people. All elements like an illustration, title, text, logo, layout and general features of the image determine the overall effect of advertising. PSA is a display of goodwill of society, its principled position on socially significant values. Social advertising can and should be considered as a mode of operation of social services.

  • 28.
    Arboleda, Ginna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Byrén, Emely
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Professionals`view on interventions offered for adult victims of sexual abuse2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Axelsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Wadström, Angelica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En diskursanalys av hemlöshetens politik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been made with the purpose of identifying discourses in the way media choose to portray the situation of the homeless as well as the homeless themselves. The aim is also to investigate whether these discourses have an ideological foundation. Previous research distinguishes two main discourses where the responsibility of the individual and the responsibility of the society are portrayed as being in opposition to each other. Our method has been to perform a discourse analysis of political statements and debate articles which have been published in Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter. We chose to focus on these two newspapers since they are two of the Swedish newspapers which sell the most copies. Three general discourses were visible; the perspective of the society, the perspective of the individual, and the third, combined perspective of the society and the individual. Our results showed that the perspective of the individual was the most wide-spread discourse. We did not find ground for any connection to ideology. Instead we found that it could be connected to the ruling government or to the opposing parties. Opinions from people belonging to a ruling political party tended to have the perspective of the individual in mind, whereas the opposing parties demanded greater efforts from society.

  • 30.
    Azoba, Cosmos
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Munezero, Ange
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Professionals' View on Social Integration of Young People with Immigrant Background in the Labour Market In Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is twofold. First, the study aims to investigate how employment agency officers, in both public and private agencies, perceive how they help young people with immigrant background to access the labour market. Secondly, the study aims to investigate these professionals’ perspectives on the possibilities and barriers faced by young people with immigrant background in their process of labour integration.

    A qualitative study, with face to face semi - structured interviews was conducted with five professionals from both the public and private sector of the Swedish work agency in one municipality in mid Sweden. A social constructivist perspective and empowerment and advocacy theory were used. The results show the importance of the Swedish language and its importance to establish social contacts in the process of finding jobs and integrate. The results also show other difficulties immigrants may face in the labor market such as regulations laid by employers or recruiters as requirements such as being fluent in Swedish language. According to the professionals, the youth immigrants with educational background have an easier access to integration. With "Nystartsjobb" (new start job) the youth immigrants can build networks, increase their language knowledge, get references and experience and job benefits in case of job loss.

  • 31.
    Backe-Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), Department for Research on Childhood, Family, and Child Welfare, Norway.
    Højer, Ingrid
    Department of Social Work, Göteborg Universitet, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm Unversity, Sweden.
    Storø, Jan
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Child Welfare Program, Norway.
    Out of home care in Norway and Sweden – similar and different2013In: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 193-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An overview of the current situation in the out-of-home care in Norway and Sweden is presented in this article; also the development in later years is described and discussed. Socially, politically and culturally there are few differences between Norway and Sweden. Child protection and out-of-home placement of children and young people are integrated parts in the welfare state that are shared by the Nordic countries. It is a model that builds on principles of universalism and decommodification of social rights. The welfare model presupposes high public legitimacy for a high level of social expenditure. However the idea of marketization and privatization has also affected the welfare model in Sweden and Norway. Although there are more similarities than differences between the two countries' child protection systems, the article discusses some differences, for example the after care services, new groups of children and young people in the out-of-home care, like young unaccompanied asylum seekers. There are also some differences when it comes to privatization, the introduction of evidence-based methods in the child protection system and the tension between general and residual services for children and young people in the child protection system.

  • 32.
    Badal, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Freimuth, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Social Integration into Society of Female Re-offenders: From the Perspective of Professionals2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Barbashina, Emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Representation of people with disabilities: A content analysis of Russian press2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study was to examine how Russian press represents people with disabilities. The study was conducted using the method of qualitative content analysis. The material for the analysis consisted of sixty articles selected from Russian's four national newspapers. The study covered a period of the year 2011. Labeling theory and stigma were used for the analysis of the results. The results showed that Russian press described discrimination of people with disabilities, social support provided to them by the Government and their active way of life. The newspaper articles mentioned that the Russian Government tries to integrate disabled people into society. The study did not find any significant differences in the representation of people with disabilities in various newspapers. It was found that the articles covered physical disabilities, such as mobility, hearing and visual impairments.

  • 34.
    Bark, Jannicka
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Therapists working together with Horses: Equine Assisted Psychotherapy: Treating youths with addiction2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Beijmo, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Not just a teenage phase: - functions of non-suicidal self-injury in adults2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how adults 25 years old and over describe the functions of their non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and to explore whether they report any changes in their experience with NSSI as they become older. Qualitative e-mail interviews were used in order to capture the participants’ experiences. The results of the study were analysed based on coping theory and previous research. The results indicate that, consistent with previous literature, adults self-injure for mostly the same reasons as adolescents – however, as the previous research shows adolescents are more likely to hurt themselves in order to communicate with others. The adults in the present sample report using problem-solving coping strategies to the same extent as emotion-focused strategies; a slight deviation from previous research which has suggested that people who self-injure are more likely to employ emotion-focused strategies. The participants of the study generally experience a feeling of increased control and deliberation of their self-injury as they have gotten older; hurting themselves has become a purposeful coping strategy. The results of this study might have implications for treatment of self-injury in adults; focusing the treatment on strengthening the adults’ autonomy and encouraging further problem-solving coping strategies might be beneficial.

  • 36.
    Bekamp, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Mikaelsdotter, Alicia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Konsekvensen av att vara psykiskt och fysiskt stark: En studie om maskulinitetsnormens påverkan vid psykisk ohälsa och samtalsstöd2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics show that the suicide rate amongst men is high and that men do not seek professional help in the same extent as women. Previous research suggests that the reason behind this may have to do with masculinity norms, expressing that men must be mentally and physically strong and have the ability to deal with problems on their own. The aim of this study is to investigate young men’s attitude to seek counselling for mental health problems and what impact they think masculinity norms has on the willingness to seek counselling.

    Interviews with six young men show that our results are consistent with previous research in terms of the negative impact masculinity norms have on men’s general approach towards counselling. The young men’s attitude is however positive towards counselling. They suggested that counselling could be normalized through more information and expanded outreach strategies. Our conclusion is that men are positive towards counselling despite masculinity norms.

  • 37.
    Belin, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Järvenpää, Heli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Barnet som aktör eller objekt?: Socialsekreterarens syn på barnets delaktighet i utredningsprocessen inom socialtjänsten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Results from earlier research referring to a child’s participation in investigations within social childcare shows that there is a coherent vision of making the child involved in the process of the investigation. However, that vision is not reflected in practical work.The purpose of this qualitative study was to study social workers’ vision of the child’s participation in investigations concerning themselves. The empirical data was consisted of six interviews with social workers, analyzed by childhood sociology, Hart´s participation ladder and Shier´s model of that ladder. The result showed that all informants consider the child’s involvement to be important. But they have different definitions of involvement or participation. What affects participation according to the informants is the age of the child, personal traits and the specific situation. Central to the study is that social workers need to be flexible and adapt to the situation. The informants also expressed the dilemma of trying to consider both the best of the child and the child’s right to be heard.

  • 38.
    Bengts, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nässén, Nessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    The power dynamics of unequal sex: A qualitative study to explore perceptions of gender, power and safe sex behavior in Thailand2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report was the outcome of a Minor Field Study project, financed by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency and carried out in the areas of Rayong and Pattaya, Thailand. The purpose of the study was to explore how social workers experience gender inequalities and HIV. Though condoms are available, safe sex is not practiced whether it be within steady relationships or in the sex trade. We interviewed fifteen social workers who are currently working with those who are HIV positive or in a risk zone. Our aim was to hear their reasons why safe sex is not practiced even though being HIV positive caused social, physical and financial havoc. We then analyzed the material using Connell’s theory of sexual inequality, gender and power imbalances by help of the data analysis program ATLAS-ti 6.2. Our findings showed several examples of how the social workers interpret gender inequalities which created situations where women and youth became vulnerable to the transmission of HIV. Due to the power men have over women, culturally-based inequalities, religious proxies, social workers believe women are not able to decide when it comes to practicing safe sex or not.

  • 39.
    Bengtsson, Helene
    et al.
    University of Gävle. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Nikanorsson, Teres
    University of Gävle. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Många och gamla!: -en kvalitativ studie om några 40-talisters syn på framtidens äldreomsorg2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många och gamla! - Hur vill 40-talisterna ha sin framtid inom äldreomsorgen?

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur fyra informanter, vilka är födda mellan åren 1940 till 1949, ser på sin framtid som eventuellt hjälpbehövande inom äldreomsorgen samt vilka behov, farhågor och förväntningar de har.  För att utföra denna studie har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod med intervjuer, där fyra informanter, två kvinnor och två män deltog. Intresset för studien och framtidens äldreomsorg är stort. Det märktes inledningsvis i studien att många ville få chansen att komma fram och berätta om deras känslor i ämnet. Intervjuerna baseras på ostrukturerade frågor som öppnar upp för informanten att berätta mer än vad strikt strukturerade frågor gör, och intervjuerna fortlöpte mer som samtal. Arbetet bygger på resultatet av intervjuerna och är analyserade med hjälp av livsloppsperspektivet, Eriksons utvecklingsteori och rollteorin.

     

    En av de delar som uppmärksammas i undersökningen är att åsikterna skiftar hos våra informanter om hur dagens äldreomsorg bedrivs och hur de vill ha det i framtiden. En slutsats som dras utifrån studien är att våra informanter inte tror att 40-talisterna kommer att ha mer krav på framtidens äldreomsorg. Det viktigaste för våra informanter var att få vara frisk så de kan få göra det som önskas göra, men även att bli behandlade som människor om och när de blir kunder inom äldreomsorgen är något de prioriterar. En av informanterna upplever den tid han är i nu som en tid då krämporna börjar komma och arbetet blir tyngre att sköta, han ser tillbaka på sin uppväxt och ser att det arbete han haft i ungdomen nu tycks ha satt sina spår. Flertalet av informanterna i studien uppger att de känner att de är på de nedre trappstegen i livet, detta till trots, har ett par av dem som medverkade i studien, svårt att tala om framtiden som hjälpbehövande, då de helst vill se bort, och inte tänka på detta. Ett par av våra informanter tar förgivet att deras anhöriga och då främst barnen kommer att finnas där och strida för dem då det behövs. Det är många i denna generation som inte vågar bli gamla på grund av den vård som finns idag, "Som äldreomsorgen ser ut idag hoppas jag att jag avlider innan det blir dags att få hjälp" uttrycker sig en av våra informanter och härigenom ser vi den rädsla som vi talar om inledningsvis i arbetet. 

  • 40.
    Bengtsson, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Hellman, Malin
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Tonåringars upplevelse av livskvalitet: En beskrivande och jämförande studie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how adolescents experiences their quality of life, and to

    compare if there are any differences in how they experiences their QOL depending on where

    they live, big town or smaller town. The aim was also to examine how adolescents

    experienced their schooling. The study is empirically, quantitative with a descriptive and

    comparative design. To measure quality of life a tried and tested instrument – Life

    Satisfaction Questionnaire (LSQ) was used. The questionnaire was distributed and collected

    by the authors.142 students participated, 79 from the larger city and 63 from the smaller city.

    The results of this study showed that adolescents, 16-19 years, rated their overall QOL as high

    and that there were no significant differences between the cities regarding on how the

    adolescents experienced their overall QOL. There were significant differences in some of the

    sub factors. There were significant differences in the factors ”physical symptoms”, influence

    of illness” and “Experience of every day meaningful activities”. Adolescents from the larger

    city experienced higher levels of meaningful activities, and adolescents in the smaller city

    experienced less physical symptoms and influence of illness. The results also showed that the

    adolescents rated their ability to manage their studies as high, and that there were few that felt

    depressed or/and bullied. The adolescents in this study felt that their schooling was

    represented of both a positive and a negative adjective. Funny and instructive recurred

    frequently, but also tough occurred often.

  • 41.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    ‘Well, it’s up to me now’ – young care leavers’ strategies for handling adversities when leaving out-of-home care in Sweden2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThis qualitative longitudinal study of 20 young Swedish care leavers investigates their subjective experience of and strategies for handling adversities when being in the process of leaving out-of-home care. The empirical data is based on two sets of interviews, the first conducted at time 1 (T1) when they were still in care but the moving out process had begun, the second (T2) 6-10 months later when the vast majority had left care. The thematic analysis based on resilience theory showed that the majority of the informants over time developed process-oriented strategies, which in our categorization emanated either from the inner world of the informants (e.g. through re-framing of experiences and an emerging self-reliance) or from their outer contextual world (e.g. through a restructuring of the social network). The results are discussed from a resilience theoretical perspective in which the informants' strategies are illustrated by the conceptual pair of 'navigation' and 'negotiation', used to make sense of their inner and outer world-oriented strategies.

  • 42.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Young care leavers’ expectations of their future: A question of time horizon2017In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates young care leavers’ expectations of their future after discharge from care. The results are based on qualitative longitudinal data where 16- to 21-year-old care leavers (n = 15) were interviewed twice, first when still in care but planning for their discharge (T1) and the second time 6–9 months later (T2). The analysis using a general inductive approach showed that their expectations were dependent on the time horizon and that there was an obvious difference between the young informants’ short- and long-term expectations. Their short-term expectations consisted of worries connected to their approaching discharge (at T1) and how to cope with challenges of everyday life after discharge from care (at T2). These results seem to echo negative outcomes shown in previous quantitative research. However, the informants’ long-term expectations provide a different picture, being mainly positive in both interviews (T1 and T2). The results are discussed from a life course perspective, where the informants’ visions of their future are framed and understood in terms of the different stages of their transition process.

  • 43.
    Berg, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hansson, Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    What hinders and promotes the use of CBT in a residential home?: - an interiew study2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aimed to identify how personnel working in a residential home in Sweden work withCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) orientation within the organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five personnel. The research questions were; How do the personnel describe the CBT orientation? How do the personnel describe the CBT tools and methods? How do the personnel describe and measure the implementation of CBT?

    The results were analyzed an Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) tool in order to gain a greater understanding of the data. The theories used to analyze the results were the learning theory, attachment theory and New Public Management (NPM). The results of this study indicate that CBT was incorporated in the daily lives of the residents throughout the course of the day and the personnel described common methods such as Aggression Replacement Therapy (ART), Dialectal Behavioral Therapy (DBT), and Motivational Interviewing (MI). 

  • 44.
    Berglund, Anna - Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Eriksson, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Jag är en individ och jag är också värd någonting": röster om att ha varit föremål för ett tvångsomhändertagande som barn2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate people's experiences of having been forcible custody according to LVU as children. This has been studied by a qualitative method and four women were interviewed using a interview guide that covered the question areas: treatment, education, relationships and identity formation. The results were interpreted by the life model, which is a part of the ecological system theory, as well as by cognitive theory. Prominent findings were that informants often felt that they were not heard in any investigation or decision context, and that their opinions seldom were taken into account. Further, few informants had not completed their education, however, at the time of the interviews they were all self-sufficient. Finally, it was also found that they had a secure relationship with an adult during the investment period and that this had rendered in a positive identity development.

  • 45.
    Berglund, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Thomassen, Åsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hur identifieras barn i förskoleklass med behov av särskilt stöd?: En studie ur lärares perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur lärare identifierar barn med behov av särskiltstöd i förskoleklass och om det ges likvärdigt stöd till alla. Detta har gjorts genom enkvalitativ studie där lärare (n=17) på tolv skolor i en mellanstor stad i Sverige harintervjuats. Huvudresultatet visar att barn måste ha en fastställd diagnos för att fåsärskilt stöd, dock räcker inte alltid det utan det behövs ett kraftigt utåtagerandebeteende där barnet är en fara för sig själv och/eller andra. Barn med inåtvänt beteendeupptäcks som regel senare än de med utåtagerande beteende. I resultatet framkom attbarn med utåtagerande beteende oftare får insatser än barn med inåtvänt beteende, vilketgör att det inte blir likvärdig skolgång för alla. Eftersom avvikande beteenden är socialtkonstruerade i samhället valde vi att använda oss av socialkonstruktivismen för våranalys, samt genusperspektivet då det finns skillnader mellan könen.

  • 46.
    Berglund, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ångman, Hannah
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Anhörigas integrering i missbruksvården: Socialsekreterares och missbruksbehandlares perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The social services and previous research has argued that the integration of relatives and close family to addictive health care is lacking. Despite this, an increasing number of researchers underline its importance and meaningfulness in addictive health care. Building on this, our aim was to investigate how relatives and close family are integrated in addictive health care and what implications it has for the relatives, the addict, as well as the addictive healt care and the treatment. The study is based on four qualitiative interviews with social workers and treaters of addictive behaviors. The results based on heremenutic interpretation, empowerment- and systems theory showed that the integration of relatives from a professional perspective is an obvious part of the work with the addict and that the intregation have a great impact on the addict’s recovery as well as on the quality of life for the relatives. The integration built on knowledge and understanding among the relatives, enabled them to divert from their role as enablers of addictive behavior, and instead being able to set boundaries against the addict. In order to make the addicts recovery durable, a prominent condition was thus that the addiction was put into a bigger frame, i.e. the addict’s social network.

  • 47.
    Bergman, Jim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Gullberg, Tomas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Good enough": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om svenska frivårdsinspektörers erfarenheter av att använda RBM-modellen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine and illustrate Swedish probation officers’ experiences of their use of the RNR model. We have completed six qualitative interviews with probation officers. The probation officers showed a positive attitude towards the RNR model. They also showed experiences of flaws and difficulties in their use of the model and related these to the risk assessment instrument and the characteristics of the clients. The positive effects that the use of the RNR model had was that it brought structure, lucidity and focus to their work. They also pointed out the models relative advantage towards earlier methods. It was also clear that the probation officers had different views of the responsivity principle. These different views could affect their use of this principle. The difficulties regarding the use of the model that could be related to the probation officers’ experiences consisted of several possible causes. Education regarding the model was one of these possible causes that we found could explain the experienced difficulties in the probation officers use of the RNR model.

  • 48.
    Bergman, Madeleine
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Johansson, Frida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Den känslomässiga upplevelsen och hanteringen av föräldrarrnas skilsmässa: En kvalitativ studie om skilsmässobarn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    480 000 children in Sweden have parents who live apart. We asked ourselves what a divorce is to a child emotinally and how the child copes with the divorce. We performed qualitative interviews with four different adults who grew up with divorced parents to find some answers. Our study shows that the divorce often make the child feel guilty over not being sufficient for one or both parents. In the long run, both parents usually feel better after the divorce which seems to have a positive effect with the childs emotional side, also how the parents themselves dealt with the divorce. We found a connection between how the informants described their parents way of coping with the divorce with their own. The amount of influence the informants had over deciscions regarding themselves and their own situation seemed to be decisive for a favorable way of coping. 

  • 49.
    Bergman, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Larsson, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hur motiveras beviljade insatser inom socialt arbete?: En kvalitativ studie om en fiktiv familjs beviljade insatser i Hudiksvalls kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that people with complex social problems often require services from several different divisions and/or organizations of the social services in order to cover all of family’s needs. However, when it comes to cooperation between these divisions and/or organizations, disagreements and structural differences in addressing social problems can lead to people ‘falling through the cracks.’ Coordinated services is a part of legislation in both the Social Services and Healthcare laws of Sweden since 2010 and is to be used as a guideline when there is a need for internal and/or external cooperation between several organizations. The purpose of this study is to examine how cooperation between different divisions within the social services works today as well as the process of how services are granted by different divisions, how granted services are then defended by the division which grants them and how differences in how case workers organize the investigation process can impact outcome in granted services. To complete  this study, two focus groups, compiled of representatives from different divisions of the social services, were interviewed regarding a fictive family.  The results of this study appear to be consistent with previous research showing that cooperation is crucial when it comes to working with individuals/families with complex needs. At the same time, the results shows that cooperation between organizations and divisions doesn’t always work as it should. This study reveals differences between the two focus groups concerning the number of granted services recommended and the explanations given for granting (or not granting) certain services.  The focus groups also differed concerning the extent to which case workers decisions are impacted by factors outside the family such as money, the organization’s budget and politics. Even when internal cooperation within the city government succeeds, both focus groups highlight an even greater need for development of cooperation between external organizations.

  • 50.
    Bergström, Märit
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Cederlund, Tina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kommunikation och omsorgsrelation mellan omvårdnadspersonal och demenssjuka personer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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