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  • 1.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Hard and Heavy Music: Can It Make a Difference in the Young Cancer Patients' Life?2009In: Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, E-ISSN 1504-1611, Vol. 9, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study on the basis of which this article is written was to examine, from the patients’ perspective, the role music plays as a coping method when facing cancer. Here, using music as a coping method refers to using music (listening to and/or playing music individually or participating in a music therapy program) frequently in order to deal with the significant demands presented by cancer. A semi-structured interview with 17 cancer patients who have used music (listened to or played music) in order to cope with their illness was applied. Five of interviewees were men and twelve women. The youngest informant was 24 and the oldest 73 years old. In the paper presented in this conference I will discuss the result of my study concerning the effects of hard and heavy music in coping with cancer. The result of study shows that hard and heavy music as a coping method:

    - by calling in question the cultural demands of having control over their feelings, helps the young cancer patients to obtain their control,

    - by questioning what are conventionally defined as meaning of life, helps the young cancer patients to find a meaning,

    - by calling in question  the cultural requests of being calm and collected helps the young cancer patients to get their tranquility,  

    - by cheering unhealthy behaviors like using drug and having violent sex helps the young cancer patients to recover their mental health.

    All this due to the possibility the heavy and hard music provides for the young cancer patients to get self-confidence by putting away the false mask one wear and be who she/he really is.

  • 2.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Contextualising Constructions of Corporate Social Responsibility: Social Embeddedness in Discourse and Institutional Contexts2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘Corporate social responsibility’ (CSR) and ‘socially responsible investment’ (SRI) have become predominant frameworks connecting business to society that have spread across the globe. They comprise a shared set of ideas and practices, such as those promoted in global reporting standards and by international organisations such as the UN Global Compact. Nonetheless, both are constructed and reproduced by companies in relation to context-specific social institutions, including norms and conventions shaping company engagement in social issues. Using a neo-institutionalist theoretical framework, the thesis examines constructions of social responsibility in discourse and within institutional contexts, across regions that are not often compared in the research terrain: two West European welfare states (Sweden and the UK) and two emerging African economies (South Africa and Mauritius). The purpose of the thesis is to add to the literature on CSR and SRI with a sociologically informed perspective that is comparative and connects institutional theory with social constructionism and a Foucauldian perspective on power. The thesis analyses how perceptions of CSR and SRI are constructed in relation to the social institutions that encase companies’ engagement with social issues, such as national level welfare configurations and the institution of financial investments. The main argument in this thesis is that CSR and SRI need to be seen as contextually constructed, in discourse and practice, in ways that draw the boundaries and set the conditions for company engagement with social issues.

    The thesis comprises three articles. Article 1 is a content analysis of company self-reporting on CSR and the article examines how the content given to CSR relates to broader welfare configurations and as such differs in four national settings across the divide between emerging African economies and Western welfare states. Article 2 is a discourse analysis that examines interpretative repertoires occurring in company self-reporting across the same set of four countries. The interpretative repertoires are analysed as discursive practices where power intersects with the production of knowledge on CSR. Article 3 focuses on SRI and examines responsible investing as a form of institutional work that institutional investors engage in. Based on an interview study with institutional investors in Sweden, the article analyses institutional work as a process that has the effect of both institutional creation and maintenance and it connects these institutional processes to the construction of meaning on SRI. In its entirety the thesis contributes a sociological perspective on how prevailing understandings of corporate social responsibility come into being and are reproduced.

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  • 3.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of A Coruna, A Coruna, Spain.
    Discussing Approaches to Standard of Living2019In: Decent Work and Economic Growth: Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals / [ed] Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall, Cham: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Barthel, Stephan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering. Stockholm resilience center; Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A Social-Ecological Research Lens on Urban Resilience2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Social-Ecological Research has approached the city as a living ecosystem, an approach that really begun with the urban scholars of the early 1900s. But new developments in this line of research started during the 1990s to study various social-ecological relations in a web of life reaching far beyond the built environment of any city. Such research argues that it is in such social-ecological relations where the resilience of cities ultimately rests, for example in a food system consisting of the chain of activities connecting food producing ecosystems, processing, distribution, consump­tion, and waste management, as well as all the associated regulatory institutions and activities. Contrary to popular belief, it is in such social-ecological research traditions, where the most prolific authors on urban resilience are found.

  • 5.
    Barthel, Stephan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Potentialer inom styrkeområdet Smarta Hållbara Städer och Samhällen2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    EU:s Gröna Giv stödjer en samhällstransformation  till en modern, resurseffektiv och konkurrenskraftig ekonomi där det inte finns några nettoutsläpp av växthusgaser år 2050, där den ekonomiska tillväxten har frikopplats från resursförbrukningen, och där inga människor eller platser lämnas utanför. Region Gävleborg kan verka för dessa tre mål simultant genom att stödja innovationer i mellanrummen ett fossilfritt Gävleborg och smart specialisering om Hållbara och Smarta Städer och Samhällen.

    Sverige kan bli klimatneutralt redan 2045. FAIRTRANS (En Rättvis klimatomställning mot en fossilfritt samhälle) är ett nationellt program som drivs i samarbete mellan Stockholms Universitet och Högskolan i Gävle och samproducerar ny kunskap och policy i denna riktning. Vätgas är en av de lovande teknologierna för transporter och arbetsmaskiner, men den kommer framför allt att få en stor betydelse för omställningen av industrin och energisystemet. Den kan bidra till att öka elproduktionen från förnybara energikällor och förstärka elnätet, och kan samtidigt användas för att fasa ut fossila bränslen i olika industriprocesser. Sedan 2021 är Gävle Kommun med i det nationella programmet VIABLE CITIES om klimatneutrala städer. Namnet på programmet är ”Klimatneutralt Gävle 2030” och målet är att skapa en systemtransformation tillsammans med andra aktörer inom det nationella nätverket VIABLE CITIES. Tre åtgärder kommer att arbetas med som ligger i linje med kommunens klimatfärdplan: kollektivtrafiken, planerings-och byggprocessen, samt att öka handlingskompetens hos medborgare (beteende och konsumtion). FUTURE PROOF CITIES (FPC) har fokus på industridoktorander och har stor potential att långsiktigt öka kapaciteten inom sin respektive organisationer. FPC samproducerar kunskap om social hållbarhet, klimatomställningen, klimat-resiliens, samt samproducerar kunskap kring både digitala och analoga metoder för integrering av kunskapssystem.

    Eu-projektet (H2020) RES4BUILD har det övergripande målet att minska koldioxidutsläppen i energiförbrukningen i byggnader.  Det utvecklar integrerade förnybara energibaserade lösningar som är skräddarsydda efter användarnas och installatörernas behov, samt kostnadskonkurrenskraftiga 2025. ”Resilient Cooling of Buildings” har fokus på övergången till resilienta och koldioxidsnåla kylsystem i byggnader. Detta inkluderar också lösningar för samhällen att klara och förhindra termiska och andra effekter av den globala uppvärmningen.

    Inom en smart och attraktiv stad utgör BIG (Bettering life through Integrative GIS) ett innovativt projekt om metodutveckling för en upplevelsebaserad urban design. BIG är ett samarbetsprojekt mellan Högskolan i Gävle och Future Position X (FPX).

    EU:s andra mål i EU:s Gröna Giv handlar om en BNP tillväxt frikopplad från användningen fossila bränslen, vilket samspelar med målområdet i den regionala utvecklingsstrategin om samhällsnyttig, cirkulär och biobaserad ekonomi.  Innovationsarenor som förenar bio-ekonomi och hållbar stadsutveckling bör utvecklas.”Hållbara värdekedjor genom cirkulära affärsmodeller” har utvecklat mätetal för cirkularitet, en samverkansplattform för industriell och urban symbios har etablerats och därtill har flera företag och olika resursflöden som t.ex. plast och byggavfall undersökts i samarbete med Movexum. I projektet Bioväx studeras hur produktion av biogas och växtnäring kan etableras och byggas ut med Gävle kommun.

    Ett strategiskt arbete i linje med EU:s Gröna Giv målområde 3 bör samproduceras med aktörer inom akademi, civilsamhälle och näringsliv. Det pågår innovationsutveckling om urbana (digitala) gemensamheter för en socialt hållbar utveckling av våra tätorter. Här finns potential för beteendeförändringar kopplat till delningsekonomiska förtjänster samt genom minskning av inrikes transporter och arbetspendling. Arbetet med urbana digitala gemensamheter ligger i linje med ”Klimatneutralt Gävle 2030” som satsar på kompetenshöjning hos invånare. Två viktiga projekt för samverkan pågår mellan HiG och kommuner: Stadsdelslyftet i Gävle och Ökad inkludering i Sandviken. En samverkansgrupp börjar ta form som tentativt kallas ´Samhällsarbete för socialt hållbar stadsutveckling´. Denna samverkansgrupp har representanter för Gavlegårdarna, Sandvikenhus, Socialtjänstens förebyggandeenheter i Gävle och Sandviken. Horisontell innovationsutveckling (HiL) har visat sig kunna överbrygga organisatoriska hinder för transformation. 

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  • 6.
    Barthel, Stephan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    Viola has an Acorn in her Pocket2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Colding, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    Thalén, Peder
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Turunen, Päivi
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Urban green commons for socially sustainable cities and communities2022In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 310-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In these times of global pandemics and climate crisis, social sustainability has become a crucial issue within diverse sectors and disciplines. This article aims to broaden the discussions on social sustainability in general, and in relation to community work within professional social work in particular.

    By means of a cross-disciplinary bricolage approach – with a focus on the commons – we aim to construct a holistic view of urban social sustainability. Beginning with the Anthropocene concept, which recognizes the human impact on the Earth’s natural systems and hence highlights the need to include the natural environment as a determinant of good and fair living conditions for all, we remix arguments and examples relating to social sustainability with environmental and spatial dimensions to develop an urban green commons. Our cross-disciplinary perspective extends beyond contemporary social policy by bringing together natural resource management, public health, and spiritual aspects of the commons. In order to fit the plurality of urban contexts across the planet, further critical deliberations are needed, focusing on social sustainability and collective action for sustainable change in each context. 

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  • 8.
    Basic, Lejla
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Kriget i Bosnien och Hercegovina: religiös pluralitet, ett upphov till krig?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att belysa de tre olika religionernas roll på Balkan ur ett historiskt perspektiv, för att vidare kunna besvara frågeställningen, på vilket sätt gav den religiösa pluraliteten upphov till kriget i Bosnien och Hercegovina?

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  • 9.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Jorge, Mañana-Rodríguez
    University Carlos III of Madrid.
    Antonio Eleazar, Serrano-López
    University Carlos III of Madrid.
    Role taxonomy of green and sustainable science and technology journals: exportation, importation, specialization and interdisciplinarity2021In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 126, p. 3871-3982Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability science is, per se, a topic that is inherently interdisciplinarity and orientedtowards the resolution of societal problems. In this paper, we propose a classifcation ofscientifc journals that composes the journal category “Green and Sustainable Science andTechnology” in the period 2014–2018 through the entropy-based disciplinarity indicator(EBDI). This indicator allows the classifcation of scientifc journals in four types based onthe citing and cited dimensions: knowledge importer, knowledge exporter, disciplinary andinterdisciplinarity. Moreover, the relationship between this taxonomy and the JCR bibliometric indicators and its predictive capacity of the taxonomy is explored through a CHAIDtree. As well, relations between the Web of Science categories, journals and taxonomy areexplored by the co-occurrence of categories and correspondence analysis. Results suggestthat the great majority of journals in this feld are specialized or interdisciplinary. However,over the 5-year period proposed in this study, interdisciplinary journals tend to be far morestable than specialized ones. The decision tree has shown that the number of citations is thevariable with the greatest discriminating capacity.

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  • 10.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Sanz-Casado, Elías
    University Carlos III of Madrid.
    Sustainability practices in Spanish higher education institutions: An overview of status and implementation2021In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 295, article id 126320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education institutions have been steadily progressing towards the integration of sustainable practices in their university system. Consequently, an increasing number of these institutions have recognized their responsibility and are incorporating sustainability into their operations, and practices, following a holistic approach. Despite these efforts in the implementation, there are still many challenges to pursue sustainability. In the Spanish framework, there is a lack of studies that investigate sustainable development in higher education by considering all the dimensions. Especially, the efforts of the Spanish Universities in research have been scarcely analysed in detail. This study analyze how Spanish Public and Private Universities (SUE) are integrating sustainability into their institutions by the following dimensions: Research (based on a search strategy proposed by considering the social, economic and environmental perspective); Internationalization (participation in GreenMetrics ranking and European Framework projects), University Governance (Strategic Plans); Assessment and Reporting (Sustainability Plans) and Campus Operations (Green offices).

    The findings reveal that some institutions present a higher production of scientific activity on the topic (e.g. UAB), while others with less production are more specialized (e.g. UA). The commitment of the universities has increased over time but it varies greatly among different kind of universities, especially in favour of the public institutions. By analyzing the correlation between sustainability practice, it was found that there are high association between some of the variables i.e. sustainability plan and having a green office. However, this study clearly demonstrates that although SD is recognized as being very important to HEIs and society, it is not yet embedded in the whole system’s strategies, activities, and policies.

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  • 11.
    Björklund, AnnCharlott
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Krigh Brodin, Pernilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans omvårdnad och barns upplevelser vid stickprocedurer : – En litteraturstudie2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The aim of this literature review was to describe children's experiences of worry and fear in connection with needle procedures. Further the aim was to describe what kind of nursing the nurse can provide children and parents during needle procedures. Method: Searches for articles were carried out in the databases Cinahl and Medline via PubMed. Fourteen scientific articles were chosen and analyzed. Through this literature study, Joyce Travelbee's nursing theory has been used. Result: Feelings as worry, fear, stress, pain and distress were common occurrence during children's needle procedures and a traumatic needle procedure increased the risk to develop fear of needles. Fear of needles was most often initiated in childhood and can cause avoidance for necessary healthcare in the future. Important for the nurse was to provide with good nursing to prevent the development of needle fear by using  pain relief, interventions, distractions and coping strategies. It was important to communicate with the child and make the child participating and to adapt each situation to the child's development and individual conditions. The nurse should also prepare and involve the guardian because the guardian can have both positive and negative effect on the child's experience of the needle procedure. Conclusion: Children's experiences and the nursing in connection with needle procedures will affect their continued contact with the healthcare, therefore it is of outermost weight that the nurse has knowledge and skills to handle these situations in a correctly and evidence-based way. 

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Keywords: Needle procedure, children, nurse, fear, distress 

  • 12.
    Boman, Tomas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology.
    Danermark, Berth
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Boman, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability2015In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The employment status of groups with different disabilities wasanalysed as were potentially important moderating factors (workability, structural and individual factors). A secondary analy-sis was performed on 4359 respondents with disabilities fromStatistics Sweden's Labour Market Investigation. The respondentswere divided into six disability groups (communicative-hearing,communicative-speech-reading, communicative-vision, psycho-logical disability, medical disability, physical disability). Logisticregression analyses showed that the probability of being employedwas highest among respondents with hearing disabilities andrespondents with psychological disabilities were least likely tobe employed. Being a woman (very young or old) with onlyprimary education and with partially or very impaired workability, reduced employment opportunities. Higher education didnot increase employment opportunities for respondents withimpaired work ability. In summary, the type of disability is essentialfor employment opportunities, and differences between disabil-ity groups cannot be explained by differences in other variables. 

  • 13.
    Cananau, Iulian
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Thalén, PederUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Populism, Democracy, and the Humanities: Interdisciplinary Explorations and Critical Enquiries2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this volume, twelve Sweden-based researchers reflect on the phenomenon and concept of populism in relation to democracy and the humanities from the multiple vantage points of various disciplinary backgrounds: philosophy, history of ideas, media and communication, journalism, political science, gender studies, organization science, education theory, popular culture, and literary studies. While the study of populism has attracted a lot of attention in political science, this topic has been rarely explored by scholars in the humanities. Rather than contribute to the already established area of populism studies in social and political sciences, our authors take a more open and exploratory stance through which they attempt to open up new fields and directions for inquiry from an interdisciplinary humanistic perspective.

  • 14.
    Cavdarovski, Kristian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences.
    Garanterad inkomst och negativ inkomstskatt i Sverige: Problemets struktur, aspekter och avvägningar2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under det senaste decenniet har idén om en allmän garanterad inkomst diskuterats av politiker, akademiker och institutioner som ett alternativ för att hantera arbetslöshet och sjukdom. Debatten har på senare tid aktualiserats av den växande andel deltidsanställningar, arbeten med otrygga villkor och utsikterna på den högteknologiska arbetsmarknaden. Att införa en garanterad inkomst har omfattade implikationer ur ett samhällsperspektiv och beslutets förväntade konsekvenser är på förhand osäkra. Uppsatsens syfte är att utifrån ett antal aspekter föreslå hur beslutsfattare kan strukturera beslutsproblemet vid införandet av en garanterad inkomst i Sverige. Grunden för aspekterna är studier och experiment med basinkomst, negativ inkomstskatt och icke förvärvade inkomster. Uppsatsen sammanställer forskning kring olika typer av garanterad inkomst och identifierar ett antal aspekter, utifrån tidigare studier och experiment med basinkomst, negativ inkomstskatt och icke-villkoradeutbetalningar. Uppsatsen presenterar tre garantinivåer och ett nollalternativ, samt visualiserar beslutsproblemets grundläggande struktur.

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  • 15.
    Chith, Hussein
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Den tillgängliga stationen: Gestaltning av en stationsmiljö på basis av tillgänglighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about accessibility in a station environment. Studies have been made about how an accessible building should be designed. Accessibility is an important issue when striving for a society with equality as the foundation. Sweden is one of the most accessible countries when speaking about the built environment. A result of prosperity and a well-managed democracy. In spite of this there’s still a lot to do and in some areas the politics for disabled persons has major deficiencies. By continuing to strive against improvements Sweden could actually develop into one of the countries that sets the standard for the rest. Clearer directives from the European Union and the Swedish government during the last years has lead into several new laws and regulations about the design of the built environment. In this report studies have been done about how to attain an accessible surrounding with the focus on the environment in station-buildings. The station that has been studied is Nils Ericsson terminal in Gothenburg, Sweden. The aim has been to highlight good solutions for accessibility and to detect areas where it could be done in a different or perhaps better way. This type of studies is hard to do for a person without any disabilities since there, most often, is an obvious lack of personal relations to the issues. Therefore studies about different types of disabilities and a deeper understanding for the exposed people has been very important for the progression of the work. It has also laid the foundation for understanding the laws and the regulations around accessibility. The results showed that the studied terminal obviously had been designed with a wide thought about making it accessible. There were several solutions for helping the ones in need, for example distinctly marked patterns on the floor. Also, the actions for accessing the terminal had been done with great notice to the surrounding architecture since very few things stood out in contrast. The discussion is mostly about how the different solutions actually worked and fulfilled their purpose.

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    Den tillgängliga stationen
  • 16.
    Cilliers, Sarel
    et al.
    North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Siebert, Stefan
    North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Barthel, Stephan
    Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Garden ecosystem services of Sub-Saharan Africa and the role of health clinic gardens as social-ecological systems2018In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 180, p. 294-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid urbanization is predicted to take place in Africa in the near future and currently stressed cities will be even more overburdened in terms of pressure on green areas and increasing urban poverty. Effectively planning for and conserving current urban green infrastructure will be essential to ensure resilience and maintenance of quality urban environments. Gardens represent major portions of urban green infras- tructure. In this paper we review literature to determine the current status of garden ecosystem services under the main themes of provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural services in sub-Saharan Africa and identify the current challenges in optimizing these ecosystem services. Studying gardens as social- ecological systems might be the key to promote and enhance their resilience capacity in a changing world, acknowledging the fact that gardens are communities of practice in which social learning may occur. Studies on health clinic gardens in the North-West Province of South Africa have indicated how some of the challenges in terms of optimizing garden ecosystem services can be addressed. Multiple stakeholders involved in the health clinic gardens contribute towards a co-production of knowledge that could lead to social learning on aspects such as cultivation of nutritious food. More detailed studies on health clinic gardens are however, necessary to be able to develop a community-based resource man- agement framework that can be implemented in the North-West Province and potentially in other South African provinces and countries in Sub-Saharan Africa 

  • 17.
    Colding, Johan
    et al.
    The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Barthel, Stephan
    The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bendt, Pim
    The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Snep, Robbert
    Alterra, Wageningen UR, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    van der Knaap, Wim
    Wageningen University, Land Use Planning Group, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa.
    Urban green commons: Insights on urban common property systems2013In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 1039-1051Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to shed new light on urban common property systems. We deal with urban commons in relation to urban green-space management, referring to them as urban green commons. Applying a property-rights analytic perspective, we synthesize information on urban green commons from three case-study regions in Sweden, Germany, and South Africa, and elaborate on their role for biodiversity conservation in urban settings, with a focus on business sites. Cases cover both formally established types of urban green commons and bottom-up emerged community-managed habitats. As our review demonstrates, the right to actively manage urban green space is a key characteristic of urban green commons whether ownership to land is in the private, public, the club realm domain, or constitutes a hybrid of these. We discuss the important linkages among urban common property systems, social–ecological learning, and management of ecosystem services and biodiversity. Several benefits can be associated with urban green commons, such as a reduction of costs for ecosystem management and as designs for reconnecting city-inhabitants to the biosphere. The emergence of urban green commons appears closely linked to dealing with societal crises and for reorganizing cities; hence, they play a key role in transforming cities toward more socially and ecologically benign environments. While a range of political questions circumscribe the feasibility of urban green commons, we discuss their usefulness in management of different types of urban habitats, their political justification and limitation, their potential for improved biodiversity conservation, and conditions for their emergence. We conclude by postulating some general policy advice.

  • 18.
    Colding, Johan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science. Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholms Universitet; Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
    Barthel, Stephan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science. Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholms Universitet.
    Sörqvist, Patrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Wicked Problems of Smart Cities2019In: Smart Cities, ISSN 2624-6511, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 512-521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often uncritically assumed that, when digital technologies are integrated into the operation of city functions, they inevitably contribute to sustainable urban development. Such a notion rests largely on the belief that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) solutions pave the way for more democratic forms of planning, and that ‘smart’ technological devices result in a range of environmental benefits, e.g., energy efficiency and the mitigation of global warming. Drawing on the scientific literature that deals with ‘smart cities’, we here elaborate on how both propositions fail to consider drawbacks that could be characterized as ‘wicked’, i.e., problems that lack simplistic solutions and straightforward planning responses, and which often come about as ‘management surprises’, as a byproduct of achieving sustainability. We here deal with problems related to public choice constraints, ‘non-choice default technologies’ and the costs of automation for human learning and resilience. To avoid undemocratic forms of planning and too strong a dependence on non-choice default technologies, e.g., smart phones, we recommend that planners and policy makers safeguard redundancy in public-choice options by maintaining a wide range of alternative choices, including analog ones. Resilience thinking could help planners deal more effectively with the ‘wickedness’ of an increasingly hyper-connected society.

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  • 19.
    Colding, Johan
    et al.
    Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Folke, Carl
    Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Role of Golf Courses in Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystem Management2009In: Ecosystems (New York. Print), ISSN 1432-9840, E-ISSN 1435-0629, Vol. 12, p. 191-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We assessed the ecological value of golf courses based on a quantitative synthesis of studies in the scientific literature that have measured and compared biota on golf courses to that of biota in green-area habitats related to other land uses. We found that golf courses had higher ecological value in 64% of comparative cases. This pattern was consistent also for comparisons based on measures of species richness, as well as for comparisons of overall measures of birds and insectsthe fauna groups most widely examined in the studies. Many golf courses also contribute to the preservation of fauna of conservation concern. More broadly, we found that the ecological value of golf courses significantly decreases with land types having low levels of anthropogenic impact, like natural and nature-protected areas. Conversely, the value of golf courses significantly increases with land that has high levels of anthropogenic impact, like agricultural and urban lands. From an ecosystem management perspective, golf courses represent a promising measure for restoring and enhancing biodiversity in ecologically simplified landscapes. Furthermore, the review suggests that golf courses hold a real potential to be designed and managed to promote critical ecosystem services, like pollination and natural pest control, providing an opportunity for joint collaboration among conservation, restoration and recreational interests.

  • 20.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Bruhn, Åsa
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Marusarz, Marika
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    McKee, Kevin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Turunen, Päivi
    Linköpings universitet.
    Socialt deltagande och tillgång till service: Upplevda hinder och hur de kan reduceras2012Report (Other academic)
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  • 21.
    Elmqvist, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Colding, Johan
    Beijer International Institute of Ecolological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Barthel, Stephan
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Borgström, Sara
    CTM, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Duit, Andreas
    CTM, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Jakob
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andersson, Erik
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ahrné, Karin
    Department of Ecology and Crop Production Science, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Ernstson, Henrik
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Folke, Carl
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bengtsson, Janne
    Department of Ecology and Crop Production Science, Uppsala, Sweden .
    The Dynamics of Social-Ecological Systems in Urban Landscapes2004In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ISSN 0077-8923, E-ISSN 1749-6632, Vol. 1023, p. 308-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses social-ecological dynamics in the greater metropolitan area of Stockholm County, Sweden, with special focus on the National Urban Park (NUP). It is part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) and has the following specific objectives: (1) to provide scientific information on biodiversity patterns, ecosystem dynamics, and ecosystem services generated; (2) to map interplay between actors and institutions involved in management of ecosystem services; and (3) to identify strategies for strengthening social-ecological resilience. The green areas in Stockholm County deliver numerous ecosystem services, for example, air filtration, regulation of microclimate, noise reduction, surface water drainage, recreational and cultural values, nutrient retention, and pollination and seed dispersal. Recreation is among the most important services and NUP, for example, has more than 15 million visitors per year. More than 65 organizations representing 175,000 members are involved in management of ecosystem services. However, because of population increase and urban growth during the last three decades, the region displays a quite dramatic loss of green areas and biodiversity. An important future focus is how management may reduce increasing isolation of urban green areas and enhance connectivity. Comanagement should be considered where locally managed green space may function as buffer zones and for management of weak links that connect larger green areas; for example, there are three such areas around NUP identified. Preliminary results indicate that areas of informal management represent centers on which to base adaptive comanagement, with the potential to strengthen biodiversity management and resilience in the landscape.

  • 22.
    Farstad, Britt Johanne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    En existentiell smäll: Att se världen ur nya perspektiv2021In: Människan i en existentiell kultur: En antologi om Människa-Kultur-Religionsprogrammet vid Högskolan i Gävle / [ed] Olov Dahlin, Sara Duppils, Jari Ristiniemi, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2021, p. 209-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar Margareth Atwoods roman Syndaflodens år i ett didaktiskt perspektiv. Romanens huvudteman presenteras och studenternas syn på romanen som ämnesdidaktiskt verktyg diskuteras. Studenterna finner att romanen har hög grad av samhällsrelevans, den medvetandegör skeenden i samtiden och erbjuder en plattform därolika framtidsscenarion kan diskuteras. Atwoods roman aktualiserar samtidens problem som miljöhot, genetisk manipulation av djur och växter, övervakning, en accelererande teknologisering av tillvaron, samt kapitalism. Den utnyttjar mytologiska föreställningar och skapar en fiktiv bild av världen dömd för undergång. Läsandet av romanen öppnar för religiösa och existentiella frågeställningar och för ämnesövergripande didaktiska förhållningssätt där frågeställningarna kan behandlas med olika ämnesrelevanta metoder och perspektivval.

  • 23.
    Findler, Florian
    et al.
    Institute for Managing Sustainability, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria.
    Schönherr, Norma
    Institute for Managing Sustainability, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Stacherl, Barbara
    Institute for Managing Sustainability, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria.
    Assessing the Impacts of Higher Education Institutions on Sustainable Development: An Analysis of Tools and Indicators2019In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many higher education institutions (HEIs) have started to incorporate sustainable development (SD) into their system. A variety of sustainability assessment tools (SATs) have been developed to support HEIs to systematically measure, audit, benchmark, and communicate SD efforts. In recent years, stakeholders have increasingly asked HEIs to demonstrate their impacts on SD. These impacts are the direct and indirect effects an HEI has outside of its organizational boundaries on society, the natural environment, and the economy. This study analyzes to what extent SATs are capable of measuring the impacts that HEIs have on SD. A mixed-method approach, using descriptive statistics and an inductive content analysis, was used to examine 1134 indicators for sustainability assessment derived from 19 SATs explicitly designed for application by HEIs. The findings reveal that SATs largely neglect the impacts HEIs have outside their organizational boundaries. SATs primarily use proxy indicators based on internally available data to assess impacts and thus tend to focus on themes concerning the natural environment and the contribution to the local economy. Updating existing SATs and developing new ones may enable HEIs to fully realize their potential to contribute to SD. 

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  • 24.
    Floberg, Niclas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Erixon, Nina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    "De jagar egentligen alla hål i sin kropp och själ": Att avhålla sig från våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism - ett kvalitativt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: They are searching for the holes in their bodies and souls – desistance from violent Islamic extremism, a qualitative approach.   This essay aims to provide a deeper understanding and insight into why individuals choose to leave violence-promoting Islamist environments. The choice of method has been qualitative. The essay consists of four semi-structured interviews with key informants. The interview material has been transcribed and coded individually by both authors. The study has taken an integrated theoretical approach where the main framework consists of a life course perspective supported by Hirschi’s theory of social bonds, Merton’s theory of strain and Sutherland’s theory of differential associations. The main findings show that possible turning points with regards to desistance related to violence-promoting Islamist environments primarily consists of aspects related to belonging and social contexts. In other words, this essay shows that social relations are an integral part with regards to desistance. The findings closely correspond to those of previous studies within the field. The findings are supported by the study’s theoretical framework where pro-social community interactions strengthen the social bonds to society through differential associations, this in turn leads to a decreased amount of strain.   

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  • 25.
    Fransson, Göran
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för didaktik.
    Teori och praktik i yrke och utbildning: Komparativa fallstudier med arkitekter, ingenjörer, sjuksköterskor och officerare.2003Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset kring professioner och professionaliseringsprocesser har ökat under de senaste åren. Det är inte längre enbart forskare med tvärvetenskapliga ansatser som studerar fenomenen, utan alltfler aktörer inom olika yrkesgrupper är aktiva. Yrkesgrupper som tidigare huvudsakligen har haft en gedigen färdighetsträning som bas för yrkesutövning, har numera även utvecklat egen forskning som en del i en professionalisering. Andra delar i professionaliseringen är att fler yrkesutbildningar införlivats i det akademiska systemet, liksom att yrkens kunskapsbas och avgränsning gentemot andra yrken är stadd i ständig utveckling.

    Allt detta skapar spänningar och ger nya utmaningar i fråga om bildning, utbildning och yrkesutövande. Äldre yrkesutövare känner sig främmande för yngre teoretiskt skolade, men också yrkesmässigt mindre skickliga, kolleger. Lärarna i de akademiska yrkesutbildningarna kanske inte känner igen sig i de nya kraven på vetenskaplighet. Positioner flyttas i fråga om yrkeskunnande. Yrkens kunskapsbas förändras och det får följder för såväl yrkesutövning som utbildning. I detta uppstår lätt en polarisering mellan ”teori” och ”praktik”. Utmaningen i varje yrkesutbildning handlar om att förena dessa två aspekter, att gjuta samman dem i en gemensam yrkeskompetens.

    I denna forskningsöversikt beskrivs, analyseras och problematiseras några aspekter av detta – och då särskilt frågan om ”teori” och ”praktik”. Översikten utgör en pusselbit i förståelsen av hur yrkesgrupper kan reflektera över sig själv, sin kunskapsbas och sitt ansvarsområde. De yrkesgrupper som behandlas är arkitekter, ingenjörer, sjuksköterskor, militära officerare – och i viss mån – lärare.

  • 26.
    Gallo, Carina
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Lundgren, Moa
    Gothenburg University.
    Wikman, Sofia
    KTH, Filosofi.
    Preventing school violence: Comparing policies in Sweden (Gothenburg) and US (Oakland)2015In: Association for Women in Psychology 2015 National Conference: Feminism and Restorative Justice, Association for Women in Psychology , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on content analysis of steering documents and interviews with principals in primary schools, this paper examines measures to prevent violence in Sweden and US. In comparison, US has implemented more preventive measures, from federal and state laws to restorative justice but is still struggling with much higher levels of violence.

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  • 27.
    Gustafsson, Ellinor
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Törnberg, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Det dödliga våldet nu och då: En analys av hur gärningspersoner och brottsoffer framställs i media2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate and create a deeper understanding of how the media portrays offenders and victims of deadly violence during the time periods 1990–1994 and 2018–2022 and to see if there were any differences. This was done through a thematic text analysis. The results showed that the media's portrayal of offenders and victims both agrees with Christie's theory of the ideal victim, but that there were also times when the media's portrayal didn't agree with Christie's theory. Most of the offenders were portrayed as evil, brutal, ruthless or dangerous, and the rest were portrayed as milder and apologetic. The victims were portrayed as innocent, vulnerable and weak, or as less innocent and guilty. No major differences were found in the representations of victims and offenders between the time periods. The information and words used by the media determine how perpetrators and victims are portrayed. 

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  • 28.
    Gustavsson, Michael
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Literature science.
    De goda värdenas repression2012In: Den högre utbildningen: Ett fält av marknad och politik / [ed] Daniel Ankarloo & Torbjörn Friberg, Gidlunds förlag, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Haley, Brendan
    et al.
    Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, Canada.
    Hollander, Ernst
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi.
    Advanced Sustainability Demands from Labour: Re-embedding for Democracy and Ecology2005Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 30. Halvarsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Lindgren Ödén, Birgit
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Interkulturell samtid och framtid2021In: Människan i en existentiell kultur: En antologi om Människa-Kultur-Religionsprogrammet vid Högskolan i Gävle / [ed] Olov Dahlin, Sara Duppils, Jari Ristiniemi, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2021, p. 113-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här artikeln går under antologins tema, människan i samtiden. Den är ett samarbete mellan en tidigare student av Människa-kulturreligionsprogrammet och en lärare som till viss del undervisat i programmet. Artikelns syfte är att belysa betydelsen av Människakultur-religionsprogrammet för ett samhälle i förändring. Läsaren får följa den tidigare studenten Sofie och läraren Birgit. Artikeln tar avstamp i ett samtal mellan oss, Sofie och Birgit. Vi samtalar bland annat om interkulturell kompetens, etnocentrism och mångkultur. Begreppen diskuteras tvärvetenskapligt ur ett sociologiskt, pedagogiskt, beteendevetenskapligt och religionsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Sofie intervjuar också några tidigare programstudenter för att ta del av deras tankar kring programmet och framtiden.

  • 31.
    Hawerman, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Art education and Educational drama.
    Identitet, makt och drama: en undersökning av DRACON-programmet i Sverige ur ett normkritiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this study is to contribute to the knowledge of, so called, norm-critical pedagogy (normkritisk pedagogik) as part of Drama in Education in Sweden. This through looking at the Swedish DRACON-project from a norm-critical point of view. The Swedish DRACON-project is a part of the international DRACON-project which aimed at building a bridge between drama in education and conflict management. Norm-critical pedagogy is a Scandinavian term for critical pedagogy that focuses on the structures of power and privilege, rather than the oppressed. The pedagogy is explained in this paper and has its roots in queer pedagogy, queer theory, feminist theory, postcolonial theory and intersectional perspectives.

     

    The aim of this study was to look at the Swedish DRACON-project from the critical point of view of power, privilege and identity.  The study examines the following questions:

    What conceptions of power and identity can be found in the Swedish DRACON-program? How do these conceptions relate to norm-critical perspectives of power, privilege and identity?

     

    The examination is done through text analysis of the book DRACON i skolan(DRACON in school). The results indicate that the Swedish DRACON-project is inclusive and tries to seize the experiences of all participants. At the same time the project seems to lack the questioning of gender and the immersing of analyzing power structures. 

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  • 32.
    Henriksson, Greger
    et al.
    KTH, Miljöstrategisk analys .
    Andersson, Maria
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    von Borgstede, Chris
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Götebors Universitet.
    Eriksson, Ola
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    Guath, Mona
    KTH, Miljöstrategisk analys.
    Sundqvist, Jan-Olov
    IVL - Svenska miljöinstitutet.
    Åkesson, Lynn
    Institutionen för Kulturvetenskaper, Lunds Universitet.
    Hållbar avfallshantering: utvärdering av styrmedel från ett psykologiskt och etnologiskt perspektiv2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom psykologi och etnologi studeras företeelser ur perspektiv som återfinns hos den enskilda individen samt i det lokala eller sociala sammanhanget. I studien har olika styrmedel bedömts från ett etnologiskt och psykologiskt perspektiv. Studien har därvid inneburit nya arbetsmetoder – i varken psykologi eller etnologi brukar man arbeta med att förutsäga hur olika medel (t.ex. styrmedel) påverkar människan, normalt arbetar man efter att beskriva hur människan upplever ett befintligt styrmedel. Nytt i arbetssättet är också att utvärdera styrmedlen i olika framtidsscenarier.

    De viktigaste slutsatserna om de studerade styrmedlen är enligt följande.

    Information är ett viktigt styrmedel, men bör främst ses i kombination med andra styrmedel. Information bör utformas så att den är anpassad för olika grupper, hellre än massutskick och glättiga kampanjer. Informationen bör vara både deklarativ (ge information om effekter och konsekvenser) och procedurell (beskriva hur man ska göra). Information är viktigast som styrmedel i de hållbara scenarierna, men är av betydelse i samtliga scenarier. Vad gäller verksamheter kan man skilja på information till företagsledningen och information till anställda.

    Styrmedlet ”Reklam ja tack” förväntas leda till minskad mängd pappersavfall och är lätt att förstå för hushållen. Styrmedlet är mest effektivt i de hållbara scenarierna. Styrmedlet bedöms verksamt även i scenariot regional marknad eftersom det då är större tryck på verksamheterna att föra ut sitt budskap.

    Negativ kemikaliemärkning bedöms vara ett effektivt styrmedel, och framför allt effektivare än positiv märkning. Negativ kemikaliemärkning bedöms också vara effektivt i alla scenarier.

    I styrmedlet viktbaserad avfallstaxa kan storleken på den rörliga delen av avfallstaxan påverka styrmedlets genomslagskraft. Viktbaserad avfallstaxa bedöms fungera bäst i de marknadsdrivna scenarierna där individen tar ett stort ansvar själv. I de hållbara scenarierna kan styrmedlet komma att upplevas negativ eftersom ansvaret för miljöfrågorna är mer överflyttade till staten från medborgarna.

    Miljödifferentierad avfallstaxa bedöms ge ytterst små styreffekter eftersom det med den givna utformningen kan vara svår att kommunicera med människorna. Med vissa ändringar skulle det däremot kunna bli kraftfullt.

    Utvecklade insamlingssystem bedöms leda till ökad källsortering i alla scenarier. Detta gäller både ökad fastighetsnära insamling och insamling i materialströmmar.

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  • 33.
    Hermele, Kenneth
    et al.
    Peace and Development Studies, Växjö University.
    Hollander, Ernst
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi.
    Taking sustainability into account2008In: Science for sustainable development: the social challenge with emphasis on the conditions for change : proceedings of the 2nd VHU Conference on Science for Sustainable Development, Linköping, Sweden, 6-7 September 2007 / [ed] B. Frostell, Å. Danielsson, L. Hagberg, B.-O. Linnér, E. Lisberg Jensen, Uppsala: Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU) , 2008, p. 221-229Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we argue in favour of transparent accounting for ecological and social sustainability. Such accounting serves as a warning against economism by highlighting the social and ecological costs of economic growth that is accompanied by growing social inequalities, dissolution of trust and reciprocity in society, as well as by ecological destruction.

    We do this in four steps. First we briefly note that many analysts (including us – the two authors) are tempted to choose between two extremes. Either you settle for a one-dimensional measure, or you include so many dimensions that the end result becomes impossible to grasp. Secondly, we present an economic measure of the value of ecological services which we view as useful inter alia in order to establish ecological concerns in a society where economic considerations still dominate. Thirdly, we elaborate a new measure to “green” the Human Development Index, which we call the Sustainable Human Development Index. Fourthly, we discuss two problems with the SHDI: Substitutability and Modernity. We pursue our discussion against the background of the fact that the GDP still commands a unique position of influence over the social discourse of sustainability.

    However, the powerful position of this reductionist concept can be turned around to serve the interest of sustainability, in two ways. Firstly, by using economic measures of sustainability in order to argue for more demanding policies; and secondly, by reminding ourselves that even reductionist measures may serve good purposes, as when GDP calculations were part of the process of estimating available economic resources which in turn contributed to making the welfare state possible after the second world war.

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  • 34.
    Hillman, Karl
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    Rickne, Annika
    University of Gothenburg.
    Balancing Variety Creation and Selection: Governing Biofuels in Sweden 1990-20102012In: Paving the Road to Sustainable Transport: Governance and innovation in low-carbon vehicles / [ed] Måns Nilsson, Karl Hillman, Annika Rickne, Thomas Magnusson, Routledge, 2012, 1, p. 235-259Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Hjelmblom, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Decision, Risk and Policy Analysis.
    Paasch, Jesper M.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Geospatial Sciences.
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Edlund, Marina
    The Swedish Mapping, Cadastral and Land Registration Authority.
    Bökman, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Decision, Risk and Policy Analysis.
    Towards Automation of the Swedish Property Formation Process: A Structural and Logical Analysis of Property Subdivision2019In: Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, ISSN 1459-5877, E-ISSN 2341-6599, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 29-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing digitalization of public administration and increasedautomation of legal decision-making bears promise to benefit citizens,businesses and other stakeholders through simpler and more efficient civilprocesses, and thus has great impact on the urban planning and buildingprocess. However, automation of decision-making that is directed orconstrained by normative systems such as laws, regulations and policies,requires a detailed and accurate representation of these concepts andtheir constituent parts, and the domain to which they are applied. Thispaper combines two perspectives on formalisation and classification oflegal relations within the urban planning and building domain. In a crossdisciplinaryfashion, the paper analyses and describes a small part of thisdomain at a higher level of abstraction and formalization using two differentanalysis instruments. Using these tools, we perform structural and conceptualas well as logical analyses of two specific snapshots of a fictitious propertysubdivision case in Sweden, focusing on the legal relations between differententities and parties involved in the specific situations. The structural analysisuses the Land Administration Domain Model ISO 19152:2012 standardformalism, and the logical analysis is based on the notion of atomic types oflegal relations. The paper discusses some of the strengths and weaknesses ofthe two tools regarding the formal representation of rights, restrictions andresponsibilities of different parties in the land administration domain, as wellas how the tools relate to each other and how they can be aligned. This papertakes one step towards a deeper understanding of the domain, and identifyareas for future research that may provide better conditions for efficient andtransparent use of geospatial information, and automation of the propertysubdivision process and other related civil processes.

  • 36.
    Holm, Tove
    et al.
    Sykli Environmental School of Finland, Finland.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Caeiro, Sandra
    Universidade Aberta and CENSE from Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Rieckmann, Marco
    University of Vechta, Germany.
    Dlouhá, Jana
    Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Wright, Tarah
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
    Ceulemans, Kim
    University of Victoria, Gustavson Business School, Centre for Social and Sustainable Innovation, Victoria, BC, Canada.
    Benayas, Javier
    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    ournal of Cleaner Production, The Netherlands; Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
    Developing sustainability into a golden thread throughout all levels of education2016In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 117, p. 1-3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Hruska, Katrin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Decision, Risk and Policy Analysis.
    Vad är egentligen meningen med att läggas in på sjukhus?: Beslut om fortsatt vård efter ett akutbesök utifrån ett värdefokuserat tankesätt2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt Hälso- och sjukvårdslagen ska sjukhusvård finnas tillgänglig när så krävs, men det finns inga tydliga riktlinjer för när detta gäller. Tidigare studier visar att många patienter läggs in på sjukhus trots avsaknad av medicinsk indikation. Syftet med studien var att studera vilka mål specialistläkare i akutsjukvård (akutläkare) vill uppnå med ett beslut om fortsatt vård efter en bedömning på akutmottagningen och att skapa en målstruktur för beslutet om fortsatt vård. Tretton akutläkare intervjuades individuellt. Utifrån en innehållsanalys av intervjuerna skapades en målstruktur för beslutet om fortsatt vård. Denna diskuterades och utvecklades i fyra gruppdiskussioner med samma akutläkare. Resultatet visade att akutläkarnas mål är att maximera patientens hälsa, maximera jämlikheten i vården och att maximera patientens nöjdhet med föreslaget alternativ. I patientens hälsa ingår att minimera risk för död, minimera sjuklighet och maximera välbefinnande, som i sin tur består av att maximera trygghet, trivsel och bekvämlighet respektive minimera lidande. Målet att maximera jämlikheten i vården delades upp i att maximera jämlikheten på akutmottagningen, inom slutenvården respektive inom övriga sjukvården. Målstrukturen visualiserar fundamentala och instrumentella mål och kan användas för att synliggöra målkonflikter och möjliggöra en diskussion om nödvändiga avvägningar.  

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  • 38.
    Iguchi, Masahiko
    et al.
    Tokyo Institute of Technology.
    Hillman, Karl
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    The Development of Fuel Economy Regulation for Passenger Cars in Japan2012In: Paving the Road to Sustainable Transport: Governance and innovation in low-carbon vehicles / [ed] Måns Nilsson, Karl Hillman, Annika Rickne, Thomas Magnusson, Routledge, 2012, 1, p. 57-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Jansson, Pernilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Upplevelser och erfarenheter från ledare av föräldraskapsstödsprogrammet Trygghetscirkeln: En kvalitativ studie utförd i en medelstor kommun i Sverige2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Circle of Security - Parenting (COS-P) is a parenting support program that´s has establish all over the world. COS-P is an intervention program that is based on the attachment theory and focuses on strengthening the connection between parent and child.

     

    Aim: The aim of this study is to examine leaders’ experiences of the parenting support program, Circle of Security in a medium-sized municipality in Sweden.

    Method: A descriptive qualitative study was performed. A Semi-structured interview were conducted by an independent interviewer. Intensity sampling was used as a selection method. There were five participants in total, three from Social services and two from the Swedish Church. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the collected data.

    Results: Two main categories are presented (1) The efficacy of Circle of Security (2) Circle of Security as a method. Under each main category there are subcategories that have emerged in the analysis process. The leaders found COS-P to be effective, easily understandable, adaptable to different client groups and emotionally challenging. The leaders considered that there were development opportunities regarding the COS-P material and had shared opinions in explaining the program's adaptability.

     

    Conclusion: This qualitative study has shown that the leaders experiences of the parenting support program COS-P were largely positive, but there were also some development opportunities.

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  • 40.
    Jonsson-Lindberg, Patricia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Elers Zander, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Konstruktionen av brottslingar i kriminalpolitiska program: En kritisk diskursanalys2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Construction of culprits within criminal policy programs: A critical discourse analysis.

    The purpose of this study was to make visible discourses within criminal policy before the elections of 2018 through analysis of the established political parties ́ criminal policy programs. Method qualitative content analysis was used to bring out categories, later analysed with Fairclough ́s critical discourse analysis. Constructions of culprits as “foreigner”, “in gang”, “organized”, “young”, “male” and “non-ethical Swedish” emerged. Other groups were crime victims identified as “children”, “juveniles”, “elders”, “females” and “entrepreneurs/business owners”. The crimes observed were honor crimes, terrorism, crimes of violence (especially domestic violence), sexual offences and internet-based crime. The constructions may create a skewed interpretation of criminality and feelings of “us and them”. This may lead to “them” labelled as the criminals and “us” as their potential victims. The discourses in the programs therefore risk sustaining unequal power configurations in society.

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  • 41.
    Jägerbrand, Annika
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Development of an indicator system for local governments to plan and evaluate sustainable outdoor lighting2021In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 3, article id 1506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor lighting offers many benefits to its users and is often considered a necessity for an active lifestyle when living in modern society. Sustainable outdoor lighting should fulfil the functional needs of the users, be cost-and energy-efficient, and result in minimal environmental impact. So far, a limited number of studies have been able to present clear strategies on how to plan and use outdoor lighting to ensure that it contributes towards sustainable development. Therefore, this study aimed to answer the following questions: (1) How many of the previously established sustainability indicators are already used by municipalities in their lighting planning? (2) Which types of indicators are not used by municipalities? Another aim of the study was to further develop the framework of sustainability indicators by adding new indicators that were identified from lighting plans of Swedish municipalities and the existing literature. In this study, lighting master plans from 16 randomly chosen Swedish municipalities with varying population sizes were analyzed. The results show that few sustainable indicators are used by the municipalities’ lighting plans, especially in the social dimension. The existing framework of sustainability indicators was developed by adding new indicators. Furthermore, 28 new indicators were identified, eight originated from new studies and the literature, and 20 originated from the municipalities’ lighting master plans. This study shows that there is a need for guidelines and recommendations for working with outdoor lighting from a sustainability perspective, especially in the social dimension of sustainability, where most of the new indicators were identified. © 2021 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

  • 42.
    Jägerbrand, Annika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet.
    Zissis, Georges
    Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.
    Merschbrock, Christoph
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Nilsson Tengelin, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    EU ecodesign requirements for waste handling of lighting: perspectives from France and Sweden2022In: 2021 Joint Conference - 11th International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting & 17th International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Lighting (EEDAL/LS:17), IEEE, 2022, IEEE , 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular economy is becoming an important topic for lighting design, research, and industry. Recent legislation, like the EU's ecodesign regulation, has established circularity, reparability, and recyclability as requirements for the industry. This article investigates what happens at the end-of-life stages of lighting products through questionnaires and interviews conducted with experts in Sweden and France. The focus is on understand the impact of the new EU requirements on industrial practice in France and Sweden. Moreover, the article provides ideas for practical improvement of both product recyclability and waste handling of luminaires and light sources. © 2022 IEEE

  • 43.
    Karlborg, Johnny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Larsson, Simon
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Att skapa en attraktiv, tillgänglig och välkomnande mötesplats i ett småstadscentrum: En fallstudie av Centralplan i Tierp2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tierp´s municipality is experiencing demographic and economic growth, and Tierp´s urban centre needs renewal and renovation. People living in a city experiencing growth have higher expectations and higher demands on public spaces´ sustainability and design. Tierp´s municipality seeks for an urban environment that is more attractive, more secure and more available. This case study is delineated to Centralplan. The site contains Tierp´s centre for public transport, shops and other businesses. The purpose of this study is to fulfill the municipality goals by creating a social and welcoming meeting place for everybody.

    Centralplan was studied with Jan Gehl´s methods of studying public life. Centralplan´s built environment was inventoried and factors such as sun, wind, building material, businesses and physical design were documented. Centralplan was analyzed with Gehl´s 12 quality criterias. People´s social behaviour in relation to the built environment was also studied through Gehl´s methods counting, mapping and tracing. For deeper insight into Centralplan´s physical and social conditions, bypassers were interviewed. The interviews consisted of structured questions with possibility to answer openly, giving respondents the chance to freely explain how they experienced Centralplan and what they wanted to change. Subsequently, the answers were grouped and analyzed for statistical significance. Through observations, interviews and obtained knowledge about planning theory, a design proposal has been created over a more attractive, social and welcoming meeting place for everybody. The creation of a design proposal over Centralplan, has contributed to the knowledge of Swedish towns and their built environments, and thus how they can be analyzed with Gehl´s methods.

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  • 44.
    Kristoffersson, Eleonor
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Strandberg, ThomasÖrebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Ageing in a changing society: Interdisciplinary popular science contributions from the Newbreed research school2019Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 45.
    Laghed, Erica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Amnell, Celine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    ”De blir våldsutsatta stup i kvarten och ingen tar dem på allvar och ingen ser dem”: En kvalitativ studie om hur yrkesverksamma ser på kvinnor med samtidig missbruksproblematik och våldsutsatthet.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how professionals view the situation, as well as the capacity of action available to women with co-occurring exposure to violent victimisation and substance misuse. Through a social constructivist lens this study took on a theoretical perspective using both the Ideal Victim and Labelling Theory. Interviews were conducted with four individuals who all expressed a profound commitment to women experiencing these coexisting conditions. Each interview transcript was analysed using a thematic analysis. The results showed

    that professionals view labelling as playing a significant role in the difficult situations these women face. The interviewed professionals viewed the reactions of others to be of great importance for the women's ability to recover from being labelled for their actions.

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  • 46.
    Langemeyer, Johannes
    et al.
    Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain; Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM), Spain.
    Camps-Calvet, Marta
    Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.
    Calvet-Mir, Laura
    Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain; Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3), Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Spain.
    Barthel, Stephan
    Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Gomez Beggethun, Erik
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Norway; Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway.
    Stewardship of urban ecosystem services: understanding the value(s) of urban gardens in Barcelona2018In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 170, p. 78-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion and assessment of ecosystem services (ES) values is becoming an established part of the discourse regarding urban green space performance. Yet, underlying factors enabling ES values are still poorly understood. We assume the production of ES value crucial for environmental stewardship in cities, and aimed in this study to uncover their key enabling factors. This study has been developed on a broad data base including a survey (n = 201), interviews (n = 46), field observation and remote sensing from 27 urban gardens in Barcelona, Spain, including municipal ‘allotment gardens’ and ‘civic gardens’ emerging from bottom-up initiatives. In a first step, we distinguished different urban gardens types regarding the ES values they provide. In a second step, we tested specific garden characteristics including (a) user profiles, (b) biophysical garden properties, and (c) in- stitutional settings for their specific importance to trigger ES values. Results showed ES values to significantly differ with the types of gardens. For example, classical allotment gardens are more likely to provide recreational values, while emerging civic gardens are more likely to produce place-making and social cohesion. A main finding from our study is the importance of social and institutional garden characteristic as enabling factors of ES values. Results indicate, for example, a correlation between childhood experiences and a higher appreciation of ES. Our results further indicate that civic gardens with broader property rights and decision-capacities are more likely to enhance stewardship action. In providing a differentiated understanding of the ES value(s) of urban gardens, this study highlights the potential for green space planning in cities to steer the stewardship of urban gardens by providing institutional and physical space for civic gardening initiatives. 

  • 47.
    Lindahl Jarnheden, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Hälsa och välbefinnande hos personal vid frontlinjen under Covid-19-pandemin:: En jämförelse mellan socionomer och legitimerade sjuksköterskor2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to describe and compare the health, well-being, coping strategies of social workers and nurses within municipality care and social welfare during the Covid-19 pandemic. Furthermore, to investigate the relationship between work life, sociodemographic factors, coping strategies, well-being and emotional exhaustion. The study was cross-sectional, had a descriptive, comparative and correlational design. Data was collected using electronic questionnairs. The results showed that social workers (n=109) rated ‘home-work interface’ and ‘control at work’ better than nurses (n=67), spent more time trying to master their work situation using ‘recreation and relaxation’ strategy and reported less sick-leave than nurses. A higher proportion of nurses (86%) had met patients/clients with Covid-19 compared to social workers (64%) and most nurses (90%) had cared for patients with Covid-19. Most social workers reported their workload to be similar to before the pandemic whereas most nurses reported an increased workload. Nurses rated their ‘mental wellbeing’ better than social workers. However, most participants described their health as ‘pretty good’ and ‘about the same’ as one year earlier. Work life variables and coping variables could explain 38% of the variance in general wellbeing, 19–23% in mental well-being, 33% in emotional exhaustion. Conclusion: Despite the fact that nurses had been more exposed to Covid-19 than social workers and most of them rated their workload as increased, they still rated their health as about the same as one year earlier, Nurses also rated their mental wellbeing better than social workers.

  • 48.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Organisational Sustainability, Ltd, Cardiff, UK.
    Sustainable business models: providing a more holistic perspective2018In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 27, no 8, p. 1159-1166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate sustainability has recently been challenging traditional business models that have been based on value proposition, creation and capture. There has been a steady increase in publications using the term “sustainable business models”; however, there have been few that have theoretically defined or characterized the term, and in most cases, they just apply the term. Seven peer‐reviewed papers were selected that aimed to define and explain sustainable business models and that have been widely cited. The papers were analyzed by assessing the elements and activities covered using the corporate sustainability framework, and by comparing them against four approaches to explain organizations. The paper proposes a definition and framework for more sustainable business models aimed at integrating organizational approaches, the company system, stakeholders, change and sustainability dimensions, thus providing a more holistic and systemic approach to discourses on sustainable business models.

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  • 49.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Central University of Technology, Bloemfontein, South Africa; Organisational Sustainability, Ltd., Cardiff, UK.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    D'Amato, Dalia
    University of Helsinki; Finnish Environment Institute.
    Gago-Cortes, Carmen
    Universidade da Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.
    Favi, Claudio
    University of Parma, Parma, Italy.
    Martins, Ricardo
    Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Puebla, Mexico.
    Monus, Ferenc
    University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Caeiro, Sandra
    Universidade Aberta, Lisbon, Portugal; Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal.
    Benayas, Javier
    Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Caldera, Savindi
    Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
    Bostanci, Sevket
    European University of Lefke, Mersin, North Cyprus, Turkey.
    Djekic, Ilija
    University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Moneva, Jose Mariano
    University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Saenz, Orlando
    Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas y Ambientales, Colombia.
    Awuzie, Bankole
    Central University of Technology, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
    Gladysz, Bartlomiej
    Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland.
    Improving sustainability teaching by grouping and interrelating pedagogical approaches and sustainability competences: Evidence from 15 Worldwide Higher Education Institutions2023In: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 349-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been increasing research on pedagogical approaches, sustainability competences, and how to connect them in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). This paper's aim is to provide deeper insights into the system of pedagogical approaches and sustainability competences, as well as how these interrelate. A survey was developed to investigate sustainability teaching in 15 HEIs. The survey was sent to educators of each HEI from which 668 responses were obtained. The responses were analysed in a five-step process: (1) descriptive statistics; (2) Pearson correlations; (3) principal component analyses (PCAs) to detect groups; (4) Pearson correlations between the groups; and (5) regressions. The first step provided the base to carry out the PCAs, from which three groups for the pedagogical approaches (Universal, Social, and Environmental) and three for the sustainability competences (Extrospective-social, Introspective-personal, and Cogitative-processual) were obtained. The correlations between the groups showed that: (1) the competences are closely interrelated; (2) the pedagogical approaches are somehow interrelated; and (3) the pedagogical approaches are somehow interrelated to the competences. The regressions showed that the Universal and Social groups would be most suitable to develop all the competences' groups. The Environmental group develops only the cogitative-processual competences' group. The results served as bases to propose the Sustainability Teaching System (STS), which provides deeper insights into the system of pedagogical approaches and sustainability competences by grouping them, as well as showing directionality and strength. To improve sustainability teaching, it is necessary to understand the pedagogical approaches' groups and how they can develop the competences' groups.

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  • 50.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development University of Gävle Gävle Sweden;Organisational Sustainability, Ltd. Cardiff UK.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development University of Gävle Gävle Sweden.
    Pietikäinen, Janna
    Department of Forest Sciences Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS) Teachers' Academy University of Helsinki Helsinki Finland.
    Gago‐Cortes, Carmen
    Facultade de Economía e Empresa Universidade da Coruña A Coruña Spain.
    Favi, Claudio
    Department of Engineering and Architecture University of Parma Parma Italy.
    Jimenez Munguia, Maria Teresa
    Chemical, Food and Environmental Engineering Department Universidad de las Américas Puebla Puebla Mexico.
    Monus, Ferenc
    Institute of Biology University of Nyíregyháza Nyíregyháza Hungary.
    Simão, João
    Universidade Aberta Lisbon Portugal.
    Benayas, Javier
    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Madrid Spain.
    Desha, Cheryl
    Cities Research Institute, School of Engineering and Built Environment Griffith University Brisbane Australia.
    Bostanci, Sevket
    Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering European University of Lefke Mersin North Cyprus Turkey.
    Djekic, Ilija
    Faculty of Agriculture University of Belgrade Belgrade Serbia.
    Moneva, Jose Mariano
    School of Economics and Business University of Zaragoza Zaragoza Spain.
    Sáenz, Orlando
    Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas y Ambientales Bogota Colombia.
    Awuzie, Bankole
    Department of Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering, Built Environment and Information Technology Central University of Technology Bloemfontein South Africa.
    Gladysz, Bartlomiej
    Faculty of Production Engineering Warsaw University of Technology Warsaw Poland.
    Adopting sustainability competence‐based education in academic disciplines: Insights from 13 higher education institutions2022In: Sustainable Development, ISSN 2160-7540, E-ISSN 2160-7559, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 620-635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) have been incorporating sustainability into education and curricula, where recent research has focussed on sustainability competences, pedagogical approaches, and how to connect them, generally on a single HEI. The process of integrating sustainability into education based on curricula assessment has been explained using adoption of innovations; and has the potential to explain the process of developing competences through pedagogical approaches. The aim of this paper is to investigate this process at academic discipline level. An online survey was developed to investigate teaching sustainability competences in 13 HEIs, from which 678 responses from educators were obtained. The competences and pedagogical approaches from the responses were ranked, and then the connections between the competences and pedagogical approaches per discipline were analysed using a correlations-based framework, from which three disciplines groups were created. The groups were categorised using diffusion of innovations theory, which indicated that some disciplines are more innovative than others in adopting sustainability competence-based teaching. The results are used to propose two frameworks to better understand the adoption of sustainability competence-based teaching: 1) the D-RAPID framework; and 2) the Disciplinary Multi-dimensional Sustainability Influence Change for Academia (D-MuSICA) memework. The adoption of sustainability competence-base education must expand from a single HEI perspective to a disciplinary collaborative one spanning many HEIs, where academic disciplines should learn from each other’s insights and mistakes and provide students with more transdisciplinary skillsets to make societies more sustainable.  

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