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  • 1.
    Ahlqvist, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Flodin, Madeleine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Dystopiernas möjligheter: En litteraturdidaktisk studie om hur dystopisk skönlitteratur kan användas i ämnesövergripande arbete2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här arbetet undersöker vi hur man kan arbeta med dystopisk skönlitteratur som primärt verktyg i ämnesövergripande arbete på gymnasiet. Vi undersöker också hur ett sådant arbete kan främja elevernas kritiska tänkande och hur det kan gynna lärare i yrket. Uppsatsen vilar på en teoretisk grund vilken utgår från ett sociokulturellt lärande. Teoretikerna vi använder som stöd är Roger Säljö och Lev Vygotskij. Vi använder de skönlitterära verken Brave New World av Aldous Huxley, Kallocain av Karin Boye, 1984 av George Orwell och The Hunger Games av Suzanne Collins, som exempel i ett ämnesövergripande arbete. I studien har vi kommit fram till att ett ämnesövergripande arbete med dystopisk skönlitteratur som nyckeltext fungerar mellan svenska och flera olika kurser på gymnasiet. Vi har även kommit fram till att arbete med dystopisk skönlitteratur kan gynna elevers kritiska tänkande, vissa berättelser mer än andra. Genom att använda dystopisk skönlitteratur som nyckeltext i ett ämnesövergripande arbete får läraren avlastning i arbetsbördan. Det finns även dubbel kompetens att tillgå i ett sådant arbete, även för eleverna som genom textsamtal utifrån olika perspektiv har bättre förutsättningar till högre måluppfyllelse. 

  • 2.
    Backeby, Elina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Thor, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Aktiva pojkar och passiva flickor - genusnormer i berättelser: En textanalys av tre läseböcker ur ett genusperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan har ett viktigt uppdrag att motverka traditionella könsmönster och främja jämställdhet. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur tre av skolans läseböcker från tre olika decennier framställer kvinnor och flickor samt män och pojkar. De tre utvalda läseböckerna är Pojken och Tigern: en Sverige-saga (1986), Djurspanarna B (2001) och Nyckeln till skatten 3B (2013). Vi har även granskat om läseböckerna svarar mot de aktuella läroplanernas krav för demokrati och jämställdhet. För att kunna analysera empirin utgick vi från Hirdmans genusteori som handlar om isärhållning av könen och hierarkin där mannen framställs som normen. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ textanalys med kvantitativa inslag.

     

    Resultatet visar att endast en av de tre utvalda läseböckerna svarar mot den nutida läroplanens krav att motverka traditionella könsmönster. De andra två läseböckerna främjar snarare än motverkar traditionella könsmönster då män, pojkar, kvinnor och flickor tillskrivs egenskaper och handlingar som traditionellt förväntas utifrån deras könstillhörighet. 

  • 3.
    Broman, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Kråkflickan och Raskolnikov: En komparativ studie av Brott och straff och Victoria Bergman- trilogin2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie behandlar de fyra böckerna Brott och straff av Fjodor Dostojevskij, Kråkflickan, Hungerelden och Pythians anvisningar alla tre skrivna av Jerker Eriksson och Håkan Axlander- Sundquist. Jag utför en illustrativ komparativ analys av mördarnas psyke och böckernas struktur samt undersöker det didaktiska värdet av att göra denna studie.

    Genom att psykologiskt analysera böckernas mördare har jag kunnat göra en psykologisk profil till de fyra. Raskolnikov som är dubbelmördare i kriminalromanen Brott och straff har en narcissistisk, schizofren läggning som beror på att hans omedvetna strider med det medvetna om det moraliska i att mörda. Viggo Dürer, den onda mördaren av ett femtiotal barn, som figurerar i trilogin är klart psykopatisk med en könsidentitetskonflikt. Victoria Bergman, den trasiga föräldramördaren som är huvudperson i Kråkflickan, Hungerelden och Pythians anvisningar lider av dissociativ personlighetsstörning till följd av upprepade övergrepp i barndomen. Hon är hjälten och detektiven på samma gång. Hennes dotter Madeleine, bortadopterad från födseln, är den som utför ett tiotal mord i trilogin. Med en liknande uppväxt som sin mamma är hon närmast psykopatisk och mördar med motivet hämnd. Victoria Bergman- trilogin faller inom ramen för både en detektivroman och en pusseldeckare, då läsaren får följa offer, förövare och detektiv och samtidigt själv ikläda sig rollen som den undersökande brottsutredaren.

    Det didaktiska värdet i min studie anser jag vara högt, då den för mig öppnat dörrar att som pedagog lättare ska kunna introducera äldre litteratur som ingår i kanon. Äldre litteratur kan komparativt studeras med hjälp av nyare som ligger närmare elevernas världsbild och då är lättare att ta till sig. All litteratur i min studie kan användas som underlag till värdegrundsdiskussioner och därmed låter eleverna uppnå en större förståelse för sin omvärld och sig själva. 

  • 4.
    Cananau, Iulian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Between Womanhood and Citizenship: A Conceptual-Historicist Approach to Antebellum Women's Literature of Protest2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the tension between the antebellum ideas of “womanhood” and “citizenship” as represented in three classic texts of women’s literature of protest: the “Declaration of Sentiments” of the Seneca Falls Convention, Margaret Fuller’s Woman in the Nineteenth Century, and Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. After a brief discussion of what is meant by “literature of protest” and the reasons why these texts belong to this category, I proceed to read them and their historical context following a method inspired by Reinhart Koselleck’s history of concepts (Begriffsgeschichte); I approach “womanhood” and “citizenship” as concepts whose semantic fields can and should be analyzed in their diachronic and synchronic dimensions. Here, however, I will focus on the latter, in an attempt to account for conflicts as well as commonalities between them.

  • 5.
    Cananau, Iulian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Constituting Americanness: A History of the Concept and Its Representations in Antebellum American Literature2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is based on my PhD dissertation, entitled Representations of the Concept of “Americanness” in the Canon of Antebellum American Literature. It is a work in cultural history and literary theory that suggests a fresh and potentially fruitful approach to the old notion of Americanness, an idea that lay at the foundation of American studies in mid-twentieth century, only to be exposed as “ideological fiction” by the New Americanists. Surprisingly, neither its advocates nor its critics have made the scholarly effort necessary to theorize or conceptualize Americanness. 

    The subtitle indicates what is distinctive about this project: this is a study of the concept of Americanness. Thus, following Reinhart Koselleck’s history of concepts (Begriffsgeschichte), I propose that “Americanness” is not an ordinary word, but a concept with a broad, albeit historically specific, semantic field. Thus, in the three decades before the Civil War, the semantic field of “Americanness” was constituted at the intersection of several concepts, in different stages of their respective histories; among these, nation, representation, individualism, sympathy, race, and womanhood. By tracing the representations of these concepts in literary texts of the antebellum era, paying attention to their overlapping with the rhetoric of national identification, I uncover some of the meaning of “Americanness” in that period. 

    As far as literary history writing is concerned, Begriffsgeschichte has a double potential: first, to explain the source of confusion between historically different semantic loads of the same concept and, second, to check the critic’s tendency to relativize concepts and therefore make the past a little too familiar. The concept-focused close reading of literary works of the past involves a reformulation of the text/context binary so as to account for contingencies without diminishing the importance of exegesis (a crippling tendency in contemporary literary studies); ultimately, this work aims to reconsider the relationship between history and literature.

    To lay out the meaning of “Americanness” I analyze a wide range of antebellum texts by Emerson, Melville, Thoreau, Douglass, Whitman, Stowe, Jacobs, Hawthorne, Poe, and Fuller, against the background of critical reception and recent scholarship. Thus, to college students and faculty, this book offers a period study of major American writers of the antebellum era.

  • 6.
    Cananau, Iulian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    On the Path to Citizenship: A Conceptual Historicist Reading of Antebellum Women's Protest Literature2019In: Orbis Litterarum, ISSN 0105-7510, E-ISSN 1600-0730Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay introduces a new approach to the history of pro‐ test literature, and to literary history writing in general. My case studies investigate three antebellum American works by women that express discontent with women’s condition: the “Declaration of Sentiments” of the Seneca Falls Convention (1848), Margaret Fuller’s Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845), and Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (published in 1861, but written probably between 1852 and 1857). Drawing on Reinhart Koselleck’s theory and practice of conceptual history, the essay includes an analysis of the semantic field of citizenship in these works with an aim to explore the textual politics of their protest within the con‐ ceptual and ideological context of antebellum America.

  • 7.
    Cananau, Iulian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    "Partialist" and "Universalist": Figurations of U.S. Exceptionalism in Antebellum Writing2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I investigate the tension between particularism and universalism at the core of antebellum American exceptionalism. “Particularism” is herein understood as a broader term encompassing “nationalism”, “jingoism”, “sectarianism”, as well as “individualism” and “self-interest”.  As for “universalism”, it is conceived neither in theological terms as the doctrine that all people will be eventually saved, nor as a kind of foreign policy, but as virtually synonymous to “universality”, or the condition and quality of being universal. Taking my cues from one of Emerson’s famous paradoxes, namely that “every man is a partialist… and… every man is a universalist also” (in the essay “Nominalist and Realist”), I proceed to identify and compare representations of particularism and universalism in antebellum writings on U.S. national identity by Emerson, Fuller, Simms, Douglass, and Delany.

  • 8.
    Cananau, Iulian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Putting Context to New Use in Literary Studies: A Conceptual-Historicist Interpretation of Poe's 'Man of the Crowd'2017In: Partial Answers, ISSN 1565-3668, E-ISSN 1936-9247, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 241-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poe’s adherence to a strict aesthetic formalism used to be problematic for studies of the relationship between his work and its American context; the methodology of New Historicism has helped to surmount this problem but sometimes with excessive emphasis on socio-historical contexts. This essay examines critical practices at work in the interpretation of Poe’s canonical piece “The Man of the Crowd” in light of the recent debates in literary studies around the problem of context and contextualization in general and the “hegemony” of new historicism in particular. It then suggests an alternative method of reading literary texts and their contexts — one based on Reinhart Koselleck’s history of concepts. It offers an analysis of “The Man of the Crowd” as an illustration of this method.

  • 9.
    Cananau, Iulian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Searching for a point d'appui: Constructions of National Identity in Antebellum American Literature2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the decades before the Civil War, American society witnessed the intensification of political and social tensions over issues such as slavery, Irish immigration, laborers’ rights, and women’s rights; the major economic transformations and the drive toward the new order of free enterprise capitalism (especially in the North); the expansionist policies materialized as Indian removal or military aggression against a neighboring country. Such disruptive forces were taking a heavy toll on the national fabric. At least this is what some American literati feared; through all the tumult and vitality of antebellum America, they discerned a sort of moral groundlessness. The America(s) they imagined seem to point to this ethical dimension as their common denominator. Thoreau is one of those antebellum writers who peeped into the American conscience and tried to find a “point d’appui”, a new ethical foundation for the national project that was underway. This paper investigates his and others’ literary re-constructions of America.

  • 10.
    Cananau, Iulian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    The Conversational Framework, Democratic Education, and Pedagogic Design in the American Literature Survey: A Case Study2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation attempts to probe the applicability of Diana Laurillard’s “conversational” model of collaborative learning to the teaching of the American Literature Survey at the University of Gävle. For the purpose of exemplification, I have selected a unit on race and gender representations in late nineteenth-century fiction, with a focus on Mark Twain’s Pudd’nhead Wilson and Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper”, respectively. Given that the vast majority of students who take up this course are enrolled in the teacher training program, an important research question is how this pedagogic framework might contribute to developing and consolidating democratic values and practices in their future roles as high school teachers of English in Sweden. This aim converges with the curricular objective that civic values and attitudes should underpin the teaching of all subjects in the Swedish school system. The study is part of a project entitled “Democratic Vistas in the Classroom: Teaching American Literature in Swedish Higher Education”.

  • 11.
    Cananau, Iulian
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Sims, Caroline
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies.
    Teaching Literature, Implementing Multicultural Education2017In: Kunskap, motstånd, möjlighet: Humanistisk forskning i dag / [ed] Ulrika Serrander & Peder Thalén, Halmstad: Molin & Sorgenfrei, 2017, 1, p. 297-316Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Dündar, Hayri
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Dystopia as a vital peek into the future: The importance of dispatching antiquated morals and establishing new ethics2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay analyzes and tries to untangle the meaning and intention of dystopian literature, by analyzing two novels (Neal Shusterman‟s “Unwind” and Aldous Huxley‟s “Brave New World”). From this analysis, whether or not the futures portrayed in dystopian literature relate to our own future is riddled out, furthermore the importance of the authors‟ intention is debated and a conclusion is reached. As the dystopian future unravels, ethnicity, gender, class and sexual orientation, to mention a few factors, find their own place in the new world; this essay tries to establish their roles in the new society. When discussing the characters in the novels, Bourdieu‟s theories on fields, habitus and social capital are used to figure out what they are competing for and in what ways they struggle for the reward. Furthermore, the development of dystopian imagining is discussed and its function as a reflection of contemporary society and the state of science. Delineating the roles of social classes in dystopias is an important task in figuring out whether social power still reduces minorities depending on class or gender. Our antiquated morals and ethics aren‟t suitable anymore and need to be reformed; this is discussed based on dystopian literature and the image of the future. Furthermore, this essay gets into detail with the reduction of man and by what means we are enslaved and made to believe in the faux utopias. In the end, the conclusion reached is that dystopian literature delivers a hefty and important point that needs to be heeded and used as a rare look into the future.

  • 13.
    Eriksson, Rhode
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Sepänaho, Sanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Lärares medvetna val av högläsningsbok: Med fokus på genusmedvetenhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka lärares genusmedvetenhet inför valet av högläsningsbok. Studien ämnar besvara om lärare väljer att läsa litteratur som utmanar den rådande genusordningen samt om lärare använder högläsningsboken för att synliggöra och diskutera genusfrågor med eleverna. Underlaget för undersökningen är baserat på enkätundersökning och semistrukturerade intervjuer med grundskollärare för de yngre åldrarna. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att de flesta deltagande lärare stödjer användandet av litteratur med utmanande könsmönster. Det finns ett fåtal lärare som motsätter sig att högläsningsboken ska innehålla utmanande genusroller. Slutsatser som kan dras utifrån resultatet tyder på att de flesta lärare i undersökningen anser att genusmedvetenhet inför valet av högläsningsbok är viktigt. Detta betyder dock inte att det läses litteratur som utmanar den rådande genusordningen. De flesta lärare i undersökningen ansåg att diskussionen kring bokens innehåll var av störst betydelse.

  • 14.
    Forsell, Philip
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Antikens manliga ideal och attribut i nutiden: En studie om manliga attribut inom populärkulturen samt gymnasieelevers associationer till män och manlighet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats utreder två frågeställningar rörande män och manlighet inom fiktion. Syftet med denna text är att försöka få en insikt i hur män porträtteras inom film och skönlitteratur, samt hur associationer påverkar gymnasielevers uppfattning av innebörden av att vara man. Skönlitteratur och film som inkluderar karaktärerna Odysseus, Batman, James Bond och Sherlock Holmes samt teoretisk litteratur med fokus på både genus och didaktik används för att besvara frågeställningarna. Dessutom används ett kvantitativt frågeformulär för att få in information om gymnasieelevers syn på män och manlighet. En av slutsatserna som kan dras utifrån undersökningsresultatet är att ideal och egenskaper som användes för att skapa fiktiva manliga karaktärer i antikens Grekland fortfarande är närvarande i moderna fiktiva karaktärer. En annan slutsats är att populärkulturen har en stor inverkan på vilka associationer till män och manlighet som människor har.

  • 15.
    Garzon, Anneli
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Bumbaroska, Ivana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patientens upplevelse av existentiell smärta vid cancer: Litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Background: Cancer is one of the most common diseases in Sweden, where there is an uncontrolled mutation of cells that lead to tumour formation. The disease alters the patient`s life and can cause social, emotional and spiritual consequences.

     

    Method: A descriptive literature review, with 22 articles from different countries, with the aim to describe cancer patient`s experiences of existential pain was performed.

     

    Results: The study results are presented in two themes: Suffering that affects the body, psyche and social life with subthemes: physical, psychological and social suffering and Spiritual suffering with subthemes:Thoughts on spirituality, to experience acceptance, to find meaning and hope. Themes and subthemes are describing patient`s experiences of existential pain in cancer. Physical suffering was expressed in the form of fatigue and other side effects from cancer treatment. The physical impairment leading to mental and social suffering that was expressed in the form of anxiety, guilt, shame, isolation, anxiety, thoughts about death and depression. These experiences led to an unpredictable future where meaning, hope, and acceptance was important to achieve to be able to handle the situation and reduce the spiritual suffering.

     

    Conclusion: It is important that nurses focus on all dimensions in the care as physically, socially, psychologically, existentially to provide as good care as possible. The patients felt that existential pain needs more attention and that it is the nurse's responsibility to help patients with their existential questions and needs. Environment, good relationship, responsiveness and lead to good conversation that helps patients to create hope, acceptance, meaning, that leads to relief of the existential pain.

  • 16.
    Grönborg, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Renberg, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Norm eller obestämd form?: En analys av norm och avvikelse gällande genus, etnicitet och sexualitet i barnlitteratur2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att undersöka hur familjekonstellationer med avseende på genus, etnicitet och sexualitet framställs i nyutgiven skönlitteratur för barn i åldrarna 10–12 år, och hur gestaltningarna korrelerar med värdegrunden i läroplanen Lgr 11. De teorier som använts till analysen är dekonstruktion, feministisk litteraturteori, postkolonialism och queerteori, där dekonstruktion även fungerat som metod. Till analysen har fem skönlitterära böcker valts ut. Med avseende på genus visar analysen att kärnfamiljsmammor och kärnfamiljspappor är den vanligaste representationen av föräldrar. De beskrivs oftast normativt med stereotypa drag samtidigt som många avvikande egenskaper även gestaltas. Flickor beskrivs vanligtvis som modiga och framåt, även om de på stereotypt sätt framställs som intresserade av utseende och kärlek. Få återgivningar av pojkar ges och inga specifika drag kan ses som mer framträdande. Gällande etnicitet nämner endast en bok explicit karaktärer med avvikande etnicitet. Angående sexualitet är heteronormativitet den enda representation som återfinns i materialet, med ett undantag. De vuxnas sexualitet ges i princip inget utrymme i skönlitteraturen medan barnens sexualitet och lust får ta något större plats. Analysen av skönlitteraturen visar att böckerna ur vissa aspekter korrelerar med läroplanen.

  • 17.
    Gustrén, Cia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Getting out of Strange Spaces: A Reconstructive Reading of Paul Auster’s Oracle Night2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the title of this essay suggests, Paul Auster’s 2003 novel Oracle Night is studied with regard to what is here considered to be a search for a way out of estrangement. This search, as narrated from the point of view of the protagonist, is followed by a certain recognition of the limits of human existence – which may be essentially meaningless but is nevertheless portrayed as an intentional state of being, not least through the act of writing as a means of subjectification. Thus, the novel is read with a special focus on the thematic representation of writing and human subjectivity. These overarching themes may be approached with reference to two different philosophies or theoretical positions – postmodernism and existentialism. The purpose of the essay is to study the extent to which Oracle Night may be understood in terms of an existentialist (reconstructive) critique of, or challenge to, a postmodernist (deconstructive) perspective. In order to follow this line of inquiry, the analytic method rests on narrative thematics. This kind of narratological study answers the question what Auster’s novel is about and in what ways the theoretical perspectives in question are expressed in the novel. Thematic motifs are examined within the frame of a six-step model of narrative units. These units are based on Carsten Springer’s (2001) elaboration on the theme of identity crisis in Auster’s fiction and made it possible to put different motifs into a context and convey the point of view of the text in a systematic way.   

  • 18.
    Hallström, Linnea
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Representations of motherhood in Erdrich’s Love Medicine and Morisson’s Beloved2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a comparative analysis of the African American author Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved and the Native American writer Louise Erdrich’s novel Love Medicine. The focus of this essay will be the theme motherhood. A feminist theoretical and critical approach are used throughout the thesis and focus is laid upon the third wave of feminism which: “borrows from post-structural and contemporary gender and race theories (…) to expand on marginalized populations’ experiences.” (Purdue OWL). In the novel Love Medicine the characters Marie and Lulu are examined. Both characters are strong independent women and through them the author challenges the Western-European image of motherhood, family and female characteristics. In the novel Beloved, the characters Sethe and Baby Suggs are studied with two focus points. The first is the impact that motherhood can have on the development of the self and how Morrison shows this through the character Sethe. The second focus point is the effects that come from slavery and mainly the effects that can come from the denial of motherhood. These novels manage to challenge the western norm of motherhood through different aspects and in different ways.

  • 19.
    Hillin-Bertäng, Lina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Jackson, Lina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Högläsning i skolans årskurs F-3: En studie över verksamma lärares tillämpning av högläsning som undervisningsmetod2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Då vi skribenter tagit del av PISA-undersökningar vilka visar att elevers läsförståelse de senaste åren sjunkit vill vidärför ta reda på hur verksamma lärare inom årskurs F-3 arbetar med högläsning. Vårt intresse för högläsning väcktes under våra verksamhetsförlagda arbetsplatsutbildningar (VFU), egna erfarenheter och upplevelser.

    Detta examensarbete bygger på teorier från det sociokulturella perspektivet där teorin utgår från socialt samspel samt från dialogismen som lyfter fram dialogens betydelse. Vår studie visar hur högläsning används av verksamma lärare inom årskurs F-3. Studien utgår från enkätundersökningar, fyra ostrukturerade intervjuer och fyra ostrukturerade observationer som analyseras med hjälp av den fenomenografiska analysmetoden. En femte intervju genomfördes över mail då läraren inte använde högläsning som undervisningsmetod och därför var observation ogenomförbar. Alla som har deltagit i vår studie undervisar i årskurs F-3.

    Resultatet av vår studie visar att majoriteten av alla som deltagit använder högläsning som undervisningsmetod samt har en positiv syn på högläsning. Antalet tillfällen i veckan samt tidsåtgång skiljer sig åt mellan de olika informanterna. Huruvida informanterna tillåter respektive inte tillåter sidoaktiviteter skiljer sig även detta åt. Alla informanter har sina egna sätt att få eleverna att aktivt lyssna, men majoriteten använder olika röstlägen och gester under högläsning.

    Forskning visar att högläsning stärker elevernas språkutveckling, eleverna får ett ökat ordförråd samt en ökad ordförståelse. Eleverna lär sig olika texters uppbyggnad, skillnaden på tal-och skriftspråk samt att eleverna får en förståelse för att alla individer är olika.

  • 20.
    Illerhag, Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Life or Death: Biopower and Racism in Huxley´s Brave New World2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aldous Huxley´s Brave New World describes how a totalitarian power has taken control over both body and mind of the whole population. A hierarchical caste system, where a person´s role in society is predetermined long before birth, maintains stability together with brain-washing methods and propaganda. Huxley expressed his fears of what might happen if science was used for the wrong purposes, and wrote his futuristic novel Brave New World in the beginning of the 1930s, inspired by the turbulent world around him. It was a time preoccupied with race and classification of populations, which ended in the disastrous Holocaust. Huxley´s novel is equally important today when eugenics is on the comeback and democracy is challenged by nationalist and populist movements. This essay will consist of a close reading of Brave New World, analyzed from the perspective of the theories of French philosopher Foucault. He launched his concept of biopower in the 1970s, where he linked a negative use of controlling citizens with state racism. The focus of this essay will be to explore how biopower and racism are used by the totalitarian state in the novel to maintain control of the population. The argument will be made that racism, internal division and exclusion are vital tools to achieve that purpose.

  • 21.
    Inch, James
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Communism and the betrayal of the revolution: a Marxist critique of the post-revolutionary manipulation of the proletariat in Animal Farm2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    George Orwell wrote Animal Farm to warn of the dangers of a totalitarian regime in the practical application of communist ideology. His novella reflects his experience of, and response to, momentous events occurring in Europe in the first half of the twentieth century. It is a acknowledgement of the extent to which totalitarian leaders rely on the manipulation of thoughts and actions in order to maintain power across the class boundaries. In this essay, Orwell’s political and personal standpoints are examined and the book is analysed from a Marxist and socialist perspective. Whereas Animal Farm was written to reflect the terrible experience of Orwell and many of his contemporaries, its message is in many ways limited by his efforts to adhere to a parody of the events in Soviet Russia. Attention is given to the role of propaganda and Squealer, the chief propagandist in Animal Farm. Although Squealer does not wield power overtly in the way that Napoleon does, he is pivotal in the maintenance of a cowed population. Further, and more importantly from the point of view of the Marxist criticism of Orwell's novella, the Author is found wanting in his depiction of the working classes and his ability to champion those upon whom he in actual fact looked down.

  • 22.
    Isvind, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Diversity is Magical: Teaching representation through fantasy literature in the intercultural classroom.2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world today is globalized like never before and with countries becoming more multicultural it is important to strive towards an intercultural society. This essay aims to answer the question “In what ways can one teach representation in the intercultural classroom through fantasy literature?”. That is, to illustrate and exemplify how one can use fantasy literature in the English classroom to give students intercultural knowledge through discussions on representation and intersectionality. The discussions in the essay are based in the democratic values stated in the Swedish course curriculum for upper secondary school (Gy11) in relation to the theoretical background. With examples from the book Who Fears Death by Nnedi Okorafor, the essay breaches both difficult and sensitive subjects that can be discussed to make certain issues less alien for the reader. Cultural diversity is magical and it is important that students get the right tools to form deep relationships across cultural borders, and the fantasy genre is a great tool to use in the classroom to lessen these bridges between different cultures since the genre creates an arena for intercultural meetings where ‘the other’ is in focus, which reduces the alienating aspect of different cultures and identities.

  • 23.
    Kähäri, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Hur kan lyrik berika svenskämnet på gymnasiet?: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study researches how lyrics as a genre could be used to enrich the Swedish education in upper secondary school, which didactic methods that can be applied to teachings of lyrics and what could be used as a good representation of lyrics for youths. The study includes a study of literature that was evaluated through a discourse analysis and interpretations of lyrical choices. The result of the study showed that lyrics can be used to enrich the didactics of the Swedish subject in upper secondary school as the language development was improved. This was shown as students who studied lyrics gets the opportunity to reflect upon both their own and others' emotions and experiences, which can be used as a tool for the development of self and identity. The study has further shown that studies of lyrics also enrich students with knowledge about important parts of the cultural inheritance and the freedom to explore language and style through the writing of their own poems. Furthermore, lyrics should be applied to a reader oriented education as it focuses on the individual readers' experience of the text, which could awaken interest and purpose for the genre. Finally, the study has shown that there are no given answers regarding what could be used as a representative lyrics for youths in the education as the genre provides the opportunity for the readers to express emotions which should be thought of as timeless and universal. Because of this, it is the teachers task to choose what could be regarded as relevant lyrics for youths based on what kind of discussion will be held and what kind of insight that should be achieved.  

  • 24.
    Levin, Christoffer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Från ett ord till en värld: Alver i klassrummet: etymologi, folktro och fiktion2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete ämnar undersöka möjliga didaktiska användningsområden av fantasygenren utifrån ett relaterat fantasyelement: alver. Ett flertal tidsperioder undersöks därför för att sätta detta övernaturliga väsen i kontext: de fornnordiska, anglosaxiska, medelengelska, tidigt moderna skotska, viktorianska och moderna perioderna. För dessa perioder undersöks vidare disparata textkällor och narrativ i både folktro och skönlitteratur för att uppmärksamma olika representationer av alver genom tiderna. Genomgångar av akademisk forskning och kritiska läsningar av skönlitteratur utförs. Resultatet visar på skillnader både mellan och inom tidsåldrarna i både narrativ, teman och karakteristika; alver tycks vara ett ambivalent väsen som associeras med vithet, ljushet, godhet och skönhet, men som samtidigt kan vara ytterst farliga och kan skada människor om moraliska transgressioner sker från de senare. Deras roll tycks förändras beroende på vilket behov som finns i människornas samhälle; ibland står de som antagonister och ibland som välvilliga belönare. Detta arbete finner att eftersom alver har en lång och varierad tradition och existerar i skilda sfärer finns det goda möjligheter att arbeta utifrån kritiska didaktiska perspektiv med detta ämne i gymnasieskolan inom ett flertal ämnen och även ämnesöverskridande.

  • 25.
    Levin, Christoffer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    The Hero’s Journey in J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit, or, There and Back Again: Using Joseph Campbell’s Narrative Structure for an Analysis of Mythopoeic Fiction2016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the applicability of Joseph Campbell’s notion of the Hero’s Journey from his theoretical work The Hero with a Thousand Faces on J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit, or, There and Back Again. This has been done by outlining the essential aspects of Campbell’s theory and then performing a reading and analysis of Tolkien’s work. Furthermore, this essay focuses on the narrative structure proposed by Campbell, but also the heroic character’s development—in this instance, Bilbo Baggins’ development. As such, a brief examination of Campbell’s attitude and use of Freudian psychoanalysis has been performed as well as a presentation of Bilbo Baggins’ character and dual nature before the adventure. As a possible line of argument Tolkien’s knowledge of myth is also briefly expounded on. This essay does not research or make any definitive statements on the universal applicability of Campbell’s theory, but merely finds that Tolkien’s The Hobbit, or, There and Back Again appears to conform well to Campbell’s proposed narrative structure and that the development of Bilbo’s heroic character, or his character arc, is in concurrence with this as well.

  • 26.
    Lindström, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Prejudice Within Native American Communities: - a literary study of the prejudice expressed in Love Medicine and The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Native American characters in Love Medicine and The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian experience prejudice from other Native Americans and suffer from internalized norms and values. This study examines whether or not the prejudice the fictional characters in Love Medicine and The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indianexperience and express as Native Americans unite them as a community or not. It also investigateshow they view white society andif the Native American characters have prejudice against the members of their own tribal community. The analysis is partially based on postcolonial theory and focuses on terms such as internalisation, acculturation and prejudice. The thesis found that the communitiesare united on the premises that they conform to the Native American norms but any deviation from these norms has the potential to divide them.

  • 27.
    Lindström, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Unga kvinnor och gamla män: En pragmatisk studie i bruket av adjektiv och substantiv vid gestaltning av kvinnor och män2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker språkbruket vid kvinnliga och manliga gestaltningar i klassiskaromaner i svensk litteratur, om detta språkbruk styrker stereotyper om kvinnor och mänsamt om författarens könstillhörighet påverkat språkbruket. Studiens material består avromanerna Doktor Glas av Hjalmar Söderberg, Mor gifter sig av Moa Martinson ochKejsarn av Portugallien av Selma Lagerlöf. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt är genusteorimed inslag av dekonstruktion, semantik, pragmatik och markerade konstruktioner.Vid datainsamlingen brukades metoden närläsning. Insamlade data bearbetades däreftermed en modifierad semantisk fältteori. Studiens resultat påvisade att språkbruket främststyrker stereotyper om både kvinnor och män samt att författarens könstillhörighet haften oansenlig påverkan på språkbruket.

  • 28.
    Lyckman, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Abenius, Jessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    "Skaka hand, kramas, kindpussas eller dunka varandra i ryggen (grabbkramas)?": En kvalitativ intervju- och läroboksanalys2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här examensarbetet har en läroboksanalys gjorts på två läroböcker, Svenska impulser 1 (2017) och Svenska impulser för yrkesprogrammen (2012). Syftet med examensarbetet är att se vilka skillnader som finns i de undersökta läroböckerna och om innehållet överensstämmer med läroplanen. Ett vidare syfte är sedan att undersöka vilka konsekvenser dessa skillnader kan ha för eleverna.

     

    En av läroböckerna är riktad mot yrkesklasser och den andra mot studieförberedande program. För att besvara examensarbetets syfte utfördes en kvalitativ textanalys där vi granskade texternas innehåll och utformning. Analysen har ett produktorienterat ändamål där en komparativ innehållsanalys gjorts på två läroböcker, resultatet jämfördes sedan med tidigare forskning.  För att komplettera resultatet har vi sedan gjort fyra intervjuer med yrkesverksamma och legitimerade ämneslärare på gymnasiet.

     

    Resultatet från läroboksundersökningen påvisar att det finns skillnader i innehållet och utformningen av böckerna. Det övergripande resultatet indikerar att Svenska impulser för yrkesprogrammen (2012) består av ett förkortat innehåll som inte tydligt visar hur eleven ska nå de högre betygen och uppgifterna i läroboken baseras på faktainhämtning. Däremot har Svenska impulser 1 (2017) ett tydligt fokus på det centrala innehållet i läroplanen där det explicit uttrycks vad som krävs av eleven för att nå de högre betygen. Vidare innehåller läroboken förberedande delar till nationella provet i svenska och innehåller betygsmatriser som visar vad som krävs av eleven.

     

    Resultatet från lärarintervjuerna visar att lärarna har förutfattade meningar gentemot elever och dessa påverkar det didaktiska förhållningssättet. Resultatet visar även att det som utgör val av läroböcker och läromedel är ett lättbegripligt innehåll, tilltal och att läroboken håller rätt nivå.

  • 29.
    Mattsson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Barnlitteratur ur ett genusperspektiv: En undersökning av 12 st barnböcker som läses i förskolan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att genom genusgranskning av ett antal svenska barnböcker under en tioårsperiod, undersöka hur karaktärerna och relationer har framställs. Kan man se ett mönster när det gäller genus i bilderböckerna för barn och på så sätt förstå, vad dessa böcker förmedlar, angående kön och genus? Kan en förändring över tid ses, hur kan denna i sådana fall förklaras? I enlighet med syftet valdes tre olika bokserier vars innehåll djupanalyserades med fokus på genus. Valet av böcker var baserat på uppgifter från bibliotekets efterfrågan samt uppgifter från förskoleavdelningarna på en mellansvensk förskola.I större delen av den äldre valda litteraturen var huvudpersonerna pojkar och män. De kvinnor som förekom var beskrivna som underordnade. Den valda litteraturen skildrar i huvudsak traditionella mönster av könsroller, främst bland män, men också bland pojkar. Men resultatet antydde också att några av de senaste bokserierna visade på ett nytänkande och inte strikt följde konservativa könsmönster. Förklaringen till detta resultat kan tyda på en ökad allmän genus medvetenhet i det svenska samhället och ett större utbud bland böckerna.

  • 30.
    Modig, Andrew
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    The Rational State: A feminist look, supported by Althusser’s Marxist theory, at how Mr. Scogan views and interacts with the women in Aldous Huxley’s Crome Yellow2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses Mr. Scogan and his treatment of women with the use of Althusser’s Marxist theory which (supposedly and in this case successfully) reveals the ideology which infuses every State and every larger social group. Feminist theory is then used to analyse his philosophy which influences both his utopia, “the Rational State”, as well as his treatment of women – the conclusion drawn after analysing several events or discussions in Crome Yellow, such as on the Home Farm, the Rational State and the Charity Fair was that Mr. Scogan is perhaps not representative of all men and certainly not of men (and men’s notions) at the timeof Crome Yellow’s publication, but he is representative of a stereotypical man who oppress women based on their femininity. The worst case scenario drawn was that Mr. Scogan could be a rapist of young virgins.

  • 31.
    Morelius, Alice
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Engström, Andriette
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Kärlek kan komma i alla färger: En kvalitativ undersökning av HBTQ-skildringar i svensk ungdomslitteratur samt deras didaktiska potential2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur svenska ungdomsromaner från 2018 skildrar HBTQ-personer samt om dessa romaner kan användas i svenskämnets värdegrundsarbete i gymnasieskolan. Arbetssättet har varit en kvalitativ textanalys med ett queerteoretiskt perspektiv. Materialet som använts är 12 romaner, där vissa skildrar huvudpersoner som är HBTQ och andra innehåller små inslag av HBTQ-personer. Efter läsningen av romanerna har nio teman identifierats diskuterats utifrån typ av skildring samt deras didaktiska potential. De teman som identifierades i romanerna som skildrar sexualitet är komma ut-skildringar, homofobi, homosexuella föräldrar, reflektioner över och osäkerhet på sexualitet, vänskap eller kärlek, skildringar som inte kommenteras och heteronormativitet. Skildringar som inte kommenteras förekom i majoriteten av romanerna, medan andra teman endast förekom i några. Endast en roman skildrar transidentiteter, men ytterligare två romaner ifrågasätter ett cisnormativt förhållningssätt. Baserat på våra analyser har vi dragit slutsatsen att samtliga romaner har en didaktisk potential i värdegrundsarbetet, men att grad av potential varierar beroende på vilken/vilka av de identifierade temana som romanen berör.

  • 32.
    Nilsson, Joline
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    "Om du dör mamma, då tar jag livet av mig": Användning av skönlitteratur i gymnasieskolans arbete med ämnen som rör psykisk ohälsa2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersökte jag om och hur verksamma svensklärare arbetade kring ämnen som rör psykisk ohälsa genom skönlitteratur i svenskundervisningen. Studiens syfte var att utreda om det fanns någon märkbar skillnad i tjejer och killars val av skönlitteratur med ämnen som behandlar psykisk ohälsa eller gestaltar psykisk ohälsa i någon form. Resultatet delas in i två delar. Genom en kvalitativ metod har tre svensklärare intervjuats till arbetet. Resultatet grundar sig också i en enkätundersökning som har genomförts med 65 deltagande elever från tre olika yrkesprogram på en gymnasieskola i mellersta Sverige. I enkätundersökningen var syftet att undersöka om tjejer och killar läser skönlitteratur som rör psykisk ohälsa. Resultatet visade att alla tre svensklärare anser att det var viktigt att arbeta kring ämnen som rör psykisk ohälsa. Dock arbetade ingen av de tre lärarna med detta genom skönlitteraturen. Vi kan också se ett resultat i studien att tjejer läste fler böcker som berör psykisk ohälsa än killarna.

  • 33.
    Norman, Victoria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Arketypen Lilith: En litteraturvetenskaplig studie om arketypen Lilith kan tillföra nya genusperspektiv med inriktning mot gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I’m a teacher to be with the dream to influence and change the society’s perspective. The high school students are our new generation and they are the ones who will continue to build our future society. When gender is discussed in schools, reflections usually describe the difference in pay between gender or that men has fewer parenting days. Attention to differences is good, that should teachers continue with, but only describing the visible factors does not build society forward. The underlying structures must be led to the surface for a change to occur. New perspectives on gender equality and why society is structured as it is presents a part of what this study will highlight. Lilith, the distant and forgotten archetype who was, according to the myth, Adam's first wife. This archetype carries themes that can be applied in understanding contemporary structures and seeing equality from other perspectives. Lilith is the figure this study will focus on. Lilith the first woman.

  • 34.
    Persson, Annelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Didactic Aspects of Transferred Social Values in Children´s Literature: A Character Analysis Focusing on Adult-Child Power Structures Found in Lois Lowry´s Novel Number the Stars2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to examine adult-child power structures connected to the main character in Lois Lowry´s novel Number the Stars, to see if they could be found in different levels, and layers of the text. With the focus to see if the novel´s content might correlate to any educational purposes if used when teaching English as a second language in the Swedish upper secondary school. The analysis showed that the novel displayed a didactic intent from the author to introduce ideological social values belonging to the Danish society and the resistance movement in Denmark during the German occupation, between the years of 1940-1945. Furthermore, presumed transference of American values from the author were found in the narrative. The portrayals of these social values in the narrative are done with a display of adult power over children in the narrative, both in the story and towards the novel´s intended readers. The content of the novel could then be used for educational purposes to uncover and discuss aspects of social power through ideology, human values, and human rights, correlating to the English syllabus in Lgr11 regarding "relations and ethical questions", as well as the curricula’s aim to develop the students ability´s to "reflect over living conditions, social and cultural phenomena in different contexts and parts of the world where English is used" (Skolverket 32, 34).

  • 35.
    Pårs, Joakim
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    The Great Okonkwo´s Demise: A Feminist and Postcolonial Literary Analysis of the Concept of Emasculation in Things Fall Apart2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the title suggests, this essay is a feminist and postcolonial literary analysis of the main character Okonkwo´s downfall and demise in acclaimed author Chinua Achebe´s 1958 novel, Things Fall Apart. A recurrent theme within the narrative is the concept of gender differences and gender roles, in the strict traditional and patriarchal system which serves as the setting of the narrative. Okonkwo, who is a traditional and proud Igbo man, has an aversion toward what is considered to be weak and feminine. Okonkwo is therefore struck with depression when he finds himself in a weak and helpless position, as well as emasculated emotional state of mind. Furthermore, Okonkwo becomes a victim to colonialism in the latter part of the narrative, which consequently adds to his already helpless and emasculated state of mind. The purpose with this essay is therefore to investigate if feelings of emasculation are the cause for Okonkwo´s final decision to end his own life. Based upon the analysis included in this essay, one of the conclusions that could be drawn was that the helplessness and feelings of emasculation Okonkwo experiences within the narrative are too much for him to cope with and therefore cause his downfall and demise.          

  • 36.
    Romée Jannert, Julia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Homeward-bound?: The Struggle to Find the Homeland in Jean Rhys´s Wide Sargasso Sea2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is focused on the search for a true homeland in Jean Rhys’s Wide Sargasso Sea from a Postcolonial point of view. The main protagonist, Antoinette Cosway, struggles with her mixed heritage which is both Caribbean and European. As a result, she suffers from a split identity and searches for a place of belonging. Vital Postcolonial concepts, such as Diaspora and displacement are used in order to investigate the struggle to find a true homeland. Moreover, the main purpose of this essay is to investigate how Rhys uses depictions of nature and colour to convey this search, and thereby introduces yet another aspect for the characters to interact with. Nature provides comfort, sense of belonging and the opposite, but also explores the relationship between the characters. The colours red and white are highly frequent, and refer to Antoinette’s Caribbean and European identity, which alters through the novel. The images of nature are nostalgically depicted and Antoinette longs for a lost Caribbean without the effects of Colonialism, which is merely history. It is also discovered that the homeland she longs for, England, is not what she was searching for. The struggle for the homeland becomes futile, since Antoinette longs for an England of the romantic novels and a Caribbean that does no longer exist.

  • 37.
    Ryding, Jacob
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    "Perfect friendship is the friendship between men who are good and alike in virtue": Aristotle's view on the friendship between George and Lennie in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this essay is to analyze the relationship between the two main characters George and Lennie in John Steinbecks novella Of Mice and Men (1937) and determine what kind of relationship they share, how their relationship is built and whether they are genuine friends or not. The definition of friendship which will mainly be employed and used is the one defined and created by Aristotle and published in his work Nicomachean Ethics. In order for the analysis to be as precise and proper as possible, the questions of how and why will constantly be asked and answered throughout the analysis in order to operate and act as guidelines for the final conclusion. Besides Aristotle’s definition of friendship, the novella will be examined from a perspective with primary focus on the concept of friendship and it will also to some extent touch the field of interpersonal relationships. The concept will then be applied to the examination of their relationship and will only take the content of the novella itself into account. To assist the theory and provide with an extended view upon friendship, the works of Allan (Kinship and Friendship in Modern Britain: 1996), Lynch (Philosophy and Friendship: 2005), Spencer (Rethinking Friendship: Hidden solidarities today: 2006) and Pahl (On Friendship: 2000) will be applied.

     

          The conclusion derived from the analysis shows that it is possible to interpret their relationship differently depending on which aspect of their friendship one decides to highlight, but the aspect of George and Lennie’s unequal stature due to the Lennie’s mental disability is a fact impossible to not take into account. This aspect makes it impossible for them to be genuine friends, as their relationship becomes based on one person having more responsibility than the other, making their friendship non-genuine according to Aristole.

  • 38.
    Sedendahl, Linnea
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Fantasyhjältinnor och genus ur ett didaktiskt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks kvinnliga fantasyhjältar i tre populära böcker: Röd drottning, De utvalda:tankeläsaren och Glastronen. Fantasyhjältinnorna studeras för att ta reda på hur de framställs i den studerade litteraturen ur ett genusperspektiv. Resultatet i studien diskuteras sedan med hjälp av tidigare forskning och litteraturdidaktiska perspektiv för att undersöka om den studerade litteraturen och dess fantasyhjältinnor kan användas i svenskundervisningen och för att bidra till skolans värdegrundsarbete inom genus och jämställdhet. Metoden som används i studien är närläsning, och resultatet analyseras med hjälp av ett antal genusteoretiska perspektiv. Resultatet visar att fantasyhjältinnorna i den studerade litteraturen framställs som stereotypt kvinnliga, men ibland också som normbrytande. Diskussionen av resultatet visar också att det finns en potential i den studerade litteraturen som gör att den skulle lämpa sig i svenskundervisningen på gymnasiet, både i egenskap av fantasylitteratur och genom framställningen av fantasyhjältinnorna. 

  • 39.
    Strand, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Aspects of Motherhood in the Poetry of Marilyn Hacker2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will make a close reading of a selection of poems written by the poet and essayist Marilyn Hacker which explores the relationship between motherhood and lesbianism. The poetry is analyzed from a lesbian feminist view that uncovers how lesbianism can be used to politicize the construct of motherhood. The four poems that will be read contain passages where the poet relates to her experiences of motherhood with a lesbian sensibility. The analysis accounts for the political subject positions that lesbians can take account of in their writing. The study has found that in the poems, lesbianism becomes a creative force that can deconstruct the patriarchal hegemony of motherhood.

  • 40.
    Söderholm, Therese
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Det finns inget de. Det finns bara folk, och folk är olika.: En studie av karaktärsgestaltningar i Korpringarna2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Söderlund, Veronica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    'Master of My Faith, Captain of My Soul': Identity and Community in Toni Morrison's Beloved and Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a close reading of the novels Beloved by Toni Morrison and I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou with the purpose of analyzing the impact and role of the African American community in two characters’ formation of self. The aim is to contrast and compare the two chosen characters’ experiences with their respective African American communities and discuss common ground, similarities and differences. A postcolonial approach is applied to the analysis by using concepts and theory from Fanon’s arguments on the psychological effects on the oppressed, Cohen’s description of diaspora communities and Bhabha’s notion of hybridization and culture.

  • 42.
    Vikström, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Skönlitteratur ur ett regnbågsperspektiv: Lärares val av högläsningsböcker2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete behandlar ämnet högläsning och skönlitteratur ur ett regnbågsperspektiv med specifik inriktning på lärares val av högläsningsböcker. Arbetet har även haft ett bisyfte att undersöka barns läsförståelse och hur deras utveckling av läsförståelse kan kopplas ihop med när de knäckte läskoden. Studier har visat att de böcker lärare väljer att läsa i klassrummet kan vara en del av barns indirekta erfarenheter som de utgår från när de skapar sin identitet. Forskningen har visat att det spelar roll när eleverna knäckte läskoden för deras framtida läsförståelseutveckling. Undersökningen är gjord genom en enkät som skickats ut till ett antal lärare i närområdet. Enkätresultatet har sedan följts upp med intervju. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av lärarna läser heteronormativa böcker för sina klasser med den generella motiveringen att det antingen inte finns böcker som utmanar heteronormen eller att de inte har tänkt på att dessa böcker bör lyftas fram. Intervjuresultatet visade att elever generellt är väldigt öppna för att läsa, och få läst för sig, böcker som bryter heteronormen. 

  • 43.
    Wermelin, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    'I will work harder': A Psychoanalytical Study of Boxer - the Horse, in Orwell's Animal Farm2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The novel Animal Farm was primarily written as a satire on the Russian revolution, with the underlying intention to actively warn readers what happens when a totalitarian regime takes power. Manipulation and propaganda play a central role in the novella, but the ways in which the regime abuses its people psychologically appears to be of even greater importance. This essay examines and analyzes, from a psychoanalytical perspective, how Orwell portrays the characters that take part in the revolution and the psychology behind their behavior and the choices they make. The aim of the essay is to examine what the underlying factors are that enable a totalitarian leader to take hold of a community as this can be analyzed in Animal Farm. The character of Boxer the horse is central in the novel and of immediate interest, and is therefore analyzed in greater depth. The defense mechanisms denial and sublimation are examined closely in order to see what role they play in a totalitarian regime. Orwell delivers a serious message in Animal Farm, even though it is written as a satire with comic elements. By choosing to write it that way the novel is accessible to a wider audience than it would have been otherwise.

  • 44.
    Wike, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    The Denial of Motherhood in Beloved and Crossing the River: A Postcolonial Literary Study of How the Institution of Slavery Has Restricted Motherhood for Centuries2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to explore motherhood in two postcolonial literary works by African American author Toni Morrison and British author Caryl Phillips, who was born in the Caribbean. The essay is based on Morrison’s award winning novel Beloved, which was published in 1987 and was inspired by the escaping African American slave Margareth Garner. It is set just after the American Civil War and the novels deals with the trauma of slavery from the perspective of Sethe, a slave who kills her own daughter to save her from slavery. The second novel on which this essay is based is Caryl Phillips’ novel Crossing the River, which was published 1993 and focused on the African diaspora from different perspectives. Crossing the River is a non-chronological narrative covering four different characters (three African American people and one white slave trader during the eighteenth century). This essay, however, only deals with the last of the four narratives depicting white British Joyce who mothers a child with African American soldier Travis. The hypothesis on which the essay is based is that the institution of American slavery has denied the female protagonists in the two novels, Sethe and Joyce, their maternal selves. The analysis revealed that both women suffer from racial domination, and race, or simply skin color, is what leads to the maternal loss of the two protagonists. Both authors depict the world of the colonizer and the colonized and they address the common pain and guilt shared by black as well as white people.

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