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  • 1.
    Okenwa Emegwa, Leah
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
    Determinants of sick leave duration following occupational injuries among workers in the county of Gävleborg, Sweden2014In: Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs, ISSN 1463-502X, E-ISSN 2329-6879, Vol. 2, no 4, article id 176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Occupational injuries continue to add to the global burden of injuries. Recent global estimates show that up 317 million workers were injured in accidents at work that resulted in absence from work of four days or more. Whereas sick leave is important for rehabilitation and recovery, the duration of sick leave and consequent return to work is of concern in order to prevent negative outcomes. There is therefore a need to examine factors associated with sick leave duration among injured workers for effective rehabilitation. This study aimed to investigate the determinants of leave sick duration following occupational injuries. Method: The Swedish National Working Environment Agency keeps a record of all cases of occupational injuries requiring at least one day sick leave day and reported to Swedish Social Welfare Security Agency. The present study is register based using data from a total of 5291 cases of occupational injuries that occurred in the county of Gävleborg, Sweden between 2007 and 2012. Result: Sick leave longer than two weeks was highest for the self-employed and temporary workers although injury frequency was low for both groups. Fall injuries and injuries involving slip, trip and snapping or breaking of an object were more likely to lead to sick leave longer than two weeks. Shorter sick duration was observed among injured workers in the health and manufacturing sectors. Conclusions: Possible reasons for the observed results and the need for individual based rehabilitation process for effective and more meaningful return to work are discussed.

  • 2.
    Rezagholi, Mahmoud
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Economics.
    Deriving cost-efficient strategies for observational assessments of postural loads2014In: Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs, ISSN 1463-502X, E-ISSN 2329-6879, Vol. 2, article id 174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies aimed at optimizing resource allocation between different sampling stages are characterized by both simplicity and incompleteness in optimization and economic analysis. The aim of this study was therefore to completely resolve the allocation problem for a fourstage measurement strategy devoted to observational assessment of work-related postural loads with the precision of the mean estimate considered as ‘output’. The derived demand functions for inputs to the four stages were used to derive functions for the minimized cost and the maximized precision of the measurement strategy. The application of the theoretical results to a working posture assessment study led to increased cost efficiency of the measurement strategy investigated in the study. Under the additional constraint that the optimal values must be integers, optimization of this measurement strategy would result in either a 12% reduction in cost or a 7% increase in precision.

  • 3.
    Rezagholi, Mahmoud
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bantekas, Apostolos
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Economics.
    Making Economic Social Decisions for Improving Occupational Health: A Predictive Cost-Benefit Analysis2015In: Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs, ISSN 1463-502X, E-ISSN 2329-6879, Vol. 3, no 6, article id 225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The few studies attempting to estimate costs of work-related disorders suffer from poor applied methodologies. Further, as the costs are often limited to the company, decisions about investment in improving the work environment are made at the company level. However, economic decisions on changing work environments and improving occupational health need to be made at the societal level. In an economic social decision, all direct and indirect costs imposed on society by work-related disorders are considered, regardless of who pays which cost. This study introduces and demonstrates a methodology appropriate for economic decisions at the societal level for preventing work-related disorders and promoting occupational health in the workplace. The methodology uses the concept of human capital in assessing productivity loss associated with the disorders. The empirical results show that Swedish society could have gained up to 442 855 537 SEK by preventing work-related disorders at the Swedish company Sandvik Materials Technology during 2014, 87% of which would have been captured by the company.

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