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  • 1.
    Okenwa-Emegwa, Leah
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för folkhälso- och idrottssvetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Department of Medicine and Public Health, The Swedish Red Cross University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Doctoral theses as a source of knowledge production for IPV prevention: A literature review of doctoral theses at a swedish university2019Inngår i: Open Public Health Journal, ISSN 1874-9445, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 145-154Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a pervasive form of Violence Against Women (VAW). IPV has been acknowledged as a human rights violation and a public health problem. Years of research and advocacy have led to a better understanding of the problem including the development of the ecological model for explaining IPV. Although diverse international policies and global advances in women’s rights have contributed to addressing IPV, the problem still persists. IPV is associated with adverse health outcomes, therefore, its prevention is an important aspect of population health promotion. Objective: Considering that doctoral research and theses form an integral aspect of knowledge production, the present study aims to provide a review of doctoral theses on IPV at a Swedish university in order to identify areas of unmet need for future IPV prevention studies. Methods: A search was conducted to identify IPV related thesis stored in the Karolinska Institutet (KI), which is a database where all publications produced at KI are stored. A total of thirteen PhD theses (the earliest published in 2004 and the latest in 2017) met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Results: Through their wide range of contexts and contents, these theses provide a global insight into IPV. Findings show that prevalence estimates and risk factors at the individual and relationship levels are well researched. Potential areas of unmet needs include the under-researched nature of risk factors and interventions at the community and societal level as well as underlying issues preventing the healthcare sector from actively playing its role in addressing IPV. Conclusion: Capacity building for the health sector and addressing community and societal level risk factors of IPV are modifiable factors to address IPV and improve population health. 

  • 2.
    Salima, N.
    et al.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Okenwa-Emegwa, Leah
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Department of Health Sciences, The Swedish Red Cross University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stephen, L.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Public of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Victoria University, Kampala, Uganda .
    HIV testing among women of reproductive age exposed to intimate partner violence in Uganda2018Inngår i: Open Public Health Journal, ISSN 1874-9445, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 275-287Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) occur as dual epidemics with gender dimensions. IPV sometimes result in lack of decision making autonomy over one’s own health and this may negatively affect uptake HIV testing services. Objective: The study aimed to examine the association between exposure to IPV and HIV testing among women of reproductive age in Uganda. Method: The study is based on cross-sectional data from 2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS). A sub-sample of 1705 ever-partnered women aged 15-49 who responded to the domestic violence module was examined in the study. Bivariate and multivariable (logistic regression) analyses were used to determine the association between exposure to IPV and HIV testing. Results: Up to 82.3% and 61.5% of the respondents were tested for HIV ever and in the past year, respectively. The prevalence of physical IPV and IPV of any form in the past year was 25.6% and 44% respectively. Exposure to physical IPV and emotional IPV in the past year was associated with HIV testing within the past year. In the multivariate analysis, exposure to physical IPV remained significantly associated with HIV testing within the past year (OR: 1.34; 95% CI: 1.03-1.73). Frequent access to newspapers remained a significant predictor of HIV testing uptake. Conclusion: HIV testing in the past year is associated with exposure to IPV among women of reproductive age in Uganda. There is a need to include IPV as a part of global strategy to address HIV/AIDS. © 2018 Salima et al.

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