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  • 1.
    Lampic, Claudia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Svanberg, A Skoog
    Karlström, P
    Tydén, T
    Fertility awareness, intentions concerning childbearing, and attitudes towards parenthood among female and male academics2006In: Human Reproduction, ISSN 0268-1161, E-ISSN 1460-2350, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 558-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Postponing childbirth is becoming increasingly common in Western countries, especially among groups with higher education qualifications. It is relatively unknown to what extent women and men are aware of the age-related decline in female fertility. The aim was to investigate university students' intentions and attitudes to future parenthood and their awareness regarding female fertility. METHODS: Postal survey of a randomly selected sample of 222 female (74% response) and 179 male (60% response) university students. RESULTS: Female and male university students in Sweden have largely positive attitudes towards parenthood and want to have children. Women, in comparison to men, were significantly more concerned about problems related to combining work and children. Both women and men had overly optimistic perceptions of women's chances of becoming pregnant. About half of women intended to have children after age 35 years and were not sufficiently aware of the age-related decline of female fecundity in the late 30s. CONCLUSIONS: University students plan to have children at ages when female fertility is decreased without being sufficiently aware of the age-related decline in fertility. This increases the risk of involuntary infertility in this group, which is alarming in view of the great importance they put on parenthood.

  • 2.
    Skoog Svanberg, Agneta
    et al.
    Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Academic Hospital, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sydsjö, Gunilla
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ekholm Selling, Katarina
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lampic, Claudia
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Attitudes towards gamete donation among Swedish gynaecologists and obstetricians2008In: Human Reproduction, ISSN 0268-1161, E-ISSN 1460-2350, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 904-911Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive technology (ART) legislation in Sweden has undergone a gradual transformation from being fairly restrictive when first introduced to becoming more permissive in recent years. Regarding gamete donation, Sweden became the first country to pass legislation about disclosure by establishing a child's right to find out the identity of the gamete donor once the child has reached maturity. Our aim was to investigate attitudes towards gamete donation among Swedish gynaecologists and obstetricians. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to all gynaecologists and obstetricians listed from a commercial register of all working in Sweden. Among 1230 eligible gynaecologists/obstetricians, 854 (69%) answered the questionnaire. RESULTS: In general, the majority of Swedish gynaecologists/obstetricians had positive attitudes towards gamete donation. Although a majority advocated openness regarding informing the child that he or she was conceived by making use of gamete donation, ∼40% opposed allowing the child to receive any information about the donor when the child has reached maturity. Even though Swedish legislation has allowed sperm donation to lesbian couples since July 2005, one-third of the gynaecologists/obstetricians opposed donation to lesbians. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the gynaecologists'/obstetricians' negative attitudes towards disclosure may influence patients' ability to discuss their thoughts and feelings about donation. This may also have a negative impact on donor recruitment as well as on the extent of methods made accessible within ART. © The Author 2008. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology.

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