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  • 1.
    Abbasi, Seyed
    et al.
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran; Mid-Sweden University; Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid-Sweden University.
    Jalali, Arash
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mid-Sweden University.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science. Mid-Sweden University.
    Mortality from Acute Coronary Syndrome: Does Place of Residence Matter?2022In: Journal of Teheran University Heart Center, ISSN 1735-8620, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 56-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Current evidence shows inequality in the outcomes of rural and urban patients treated at their place of residence. This study compared in-hospital mortality between rural and urban patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to find whether there were differences in the outcome and received treatment.

    Methods: Between May 2007 and January 2018, patients admitted with ACS were included. The patients’ demographic, clinical, and laboratory data, as well as their in-hospital medical courses, were recorded. The association between place of residence (rural/urban) and in-hospital mortality due to ACS was evaluated using logistic regression adjusted for potential confounders.

    Results: Of 9088 recruited patients (mean age =61.30±12.25 y; 5557 men [61.1%]), 838 were rural residents. A positive family history of coronary artery disease (P=0.003), smoking (P=0.002), and hyperlipidemia (P=0.026), as well as a higher body mass index (P=0.013), was seen more frequently in the urban patients, while the rural patients had lower education levels (P<0.001) and higher unemployment rates (P=0.009). In-hospital mortality occurred in 135 patients (1.5%): 10 rural (1.2%) and 125 urban (1.5%) patients (P=0.465). The Firth regression model, used to adjust the effects of possible confounders, showed no significant difference concerning in-hospital mortality between the rural and urban patients (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 0.376 to 7.450; P=0.585).

    Conclusion: This study found no significant differences in receiving proper treatment and in-hospital mortality between rural and urban patients with ACS.

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  • 2.
    Abines Klang, Memme
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Vedin, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Transpersoners upplevelse av inkludering inom idrotten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att genom en litteraturstudie undersöka hur transpersoner upplever inkludering inom fysisk aktivitet och idrott.  Metod: Litteratursökning i databasen Discovery och manuella sökningar av valda källors referenslista resulterade i tio artiklar som publicerats inom de senaste elva åren. Alla artiklar har analyserats, kvalitetsgranskats och sedan sammanställts.   Resultat: De mest framträdande resultatet för fysiska hinder angående transpersoners upplevelse av inkludering var; svårigheterna med offentliga rum och omklädningsrum samt problematiken med träningskläder. De vanligaste psykosociala hindren för transpersoner inom inkludering i fysisk aktivitet och idrott var; förnekad identitet, missnöje med kroppen, diskriminering, mobbning och utanförskap vilket ledde till depression, ångest och rädslor. De främsta fysiska möjligheterna som framkom i resultatet var fördelen med individuella idrotter och könskorrigerande behandling i kombination med fysisk aktivitet. Det centrala resultatet för psykosociala möjligheter påvisades vara socialt stöd och att fysisk aktivitet och idrott bidrog till minskad ångest och ökad glädje hos transpersonerna.   Slutsats: Det går att konstatera att många transpersoner blir diskriminerade på grund av sin sexuella läggning, köns uttryck och könsidentitet. Detta medför att många transpersoner lämnar idrotten och slutar vara fysisk aktiva. Denna studie kom fram till att många av de problem som presenterades i artiklarna grundar sig i idrottens men framförallt samhällets okunskap. Det framkom även att utvecklingen av transpersoners inklusion och deltagande inom fysisk aktivitet och idrott är ett växande område för idrottsrörelsen att ta i tu med. Riksidrottsförbundet bör arbeta mer aktivt med hbtq- frågor för att öka kunskapen och för att få en djupare förståelse för dagens problematik. Detta skulle kunna bidra till att fler transpersoner kan känna trygghet i idrotten, vilket i sin tur skulle medföra att idrottens värdegrund uppfylls.

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  • 3.
    Ahlstedt, Jenny Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Naturbaserade interventioner som ett komplement till traditionell terapi för att främja psykisk hälsa: En kvalitativ studie om användning av både djur och natur för att främja psykisk hälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how professionals in nature-based interventions work to promote mental health. The study focused on how professionals find that nature-based interventions are a complement to the traditional therapy for preventing mental illness and promoting mental health. It also addresses what challenges exist in maintaining   of nature-based interventions. Methods: This is a qualitative, inductive study where semi-structured interviews were used. The interviews with five professionals were recorded to facilitate transcription and after that a systematic thematic analysis was started to find patterns and codes in the respondents' answers. The results from this study showed the importance of having both preventive and promotional interventions and that the activities performed are meaningful. Gardening, nature and animalassisted therapy were central activities. It is a stress-free environment, focusing on the  individual in the group. The challenges for the businesses are lack of support from society and traditional health care. Many people have been helped by nature-based interventions as a  complement to traditional therapy.  Conclusion: Mental health is an important issue to tackle and therefore supplementary treatment is needed. Nature-based interventions are needed as a complement to traditional therapy to prevent mental illness and promote mental health. 

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  • 4.
    Ahmadi, Elena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Division of Education and Sociology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    A qualitative study of factors that managers in small companies consider important for their wellbeing2023In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 2286669Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Given the importance of small businesses for society, and the significance of managers’ wellbeing for employee health, leadership, and business performance, more knowledge is needed on the sources of managers’ wellbeing. This study explored factors within the small business context that were perceived by managers to hinder or enable their wellbeing.

    Methods

    Data were collected through qualitative semi-structured interviews with 20 managers from 12 small companies, and analysed with content analysis.

    Results

    The factors that these managers in small businesses experienced as enhancing or hindering their personal wellbeing covered five categories: demands and resources in the daily managerial work, achievement of results, social factors, organizational factors, and individual factors.

    Conclusions

    The specific context of managerial work in small companies encompasses unique factors. For instance, the small company managers’ wellbeing was affected by vulnerability due to the smallness of the business and the absence of available resources. Simultaneously, a small company context provided a strong social climate and close relationships with employees and customers that strengthened the managers’ wellbeing. The findings suggest that the availability of financial, personnel, and organizational resources varies between small companies of different size, which may have implications for small business managers’ work and wellbeing.

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  • 5.
    Ahmadi, Elena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science. EPIUnit–Instituto de Saude Publica, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Managers’ and employees’ experiences of how managers’ wellbeing impacts their leadership behaviours in Swedish small businesses2023In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 75, no 1, p. 97-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:There is a growing interest in managers’ wellbeing due to the observed associations between their wellbeing and leadership behaviours, and between leadership behaviours and employees’ wellbeing. However, it is still unclear how managers’ wellbeing influences their practiced leadership across different workplace contexts, which specific behaviours are affected, and how this varies across time.

    OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was therefore to explore managers’ and employees’ experiences and perceptions regarding the consequences of managers’ wellbeing for their leadership behaviours in small businesses.

    METHODS:Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 37 participants (19 managers and 18 employees) working at 12 Swedish small firms, and analysed using content analysis.

    RESULTS:The findings show that managers were more constructive when they felt well, and more passively destructive when unwell. Variations in managers’ wellbeing influenced their mood, energy level, and performance, as well as the company’s working climate. However, these destructive leadership variations did not have a substantial impact, because several protective factors were present.

    CONCLUSION:This study shows that the wellbeing of managers in small businesses has perceptible consequences for their leadership behaviours. The study also shows that sustained leadership behaviours may coexist with temporary variations of these behaviours on a constructive-destructive continuum depending on the leader’s wellbeing. Overall, the findings contribute to a more nuanced and dynamic understanding of how the interaction between managers’ wellbeing and their behaviours unfolds in the particular context of small companies.

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  • 6.
    Ahmadi, Elena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science. University of Porto.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. LKAB.
    Managers’ work and behaviour patterns in profitable growth SMEs2021In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 57, p. 849-863Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated managers’ work and behaviour patterns in profitable growth small- and medium-sized Swedish companies, and considered how these patterns might be associated with good health outcomes. Specifically, we looked at hours worked by managers, proportion of time spent on working activities, and leadership behaviour orientation. We used a quantitative cross-sectional design and collected data via a standardized questionnaire that was answered by 133 top managers. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, linear regression, and compositional data analysis. Our results indicate that the managers worked long hours, which is a health risk both for them as individuals and for their organizations, but also that they engaged in work practices and leadership behaviours that were favourable for organizational health and for their employees. The managers spent a high proportion of their time in touring, which could be beneficial to organizational health, and exercised active leadership through behaviours that contribute to both employee health and company effectiveness. Comparing our results to other studies, we can observe that patterns of managers’ time use differ between small and large companies, confirming that the size of the firm is an important determinant of managerial work.

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  • 7.
    Aktas, Nazda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Rektorers uppfattningar om trygghet och elevernas psykosociala välbefinnande i grundskolan: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka rektorers uppfattningar gällande trygghet och elevers psykosociala välbefinnande i grundskolor belägna i utsatta områden runt om i Sverige. En kvalitativ induktiv metod användes baserad på fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer för att besvara studiens frågeställningar. Två kvinnor och två män – som var rektorer i grundskolor, deltog i denna studie. En kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys genomfördes. Resultaten av studien identifierade fem huvudkategorier och tolv underkategorier: trygghet, med underkategorierna ; kränkning och diskriminering samt fysisk och psykisk trygghet. Trygghetsarbete med underkategorierna; rutiner med kränkningar, trygghetsenkäter/samtal, förebyggande språkbruk och raster, värdegrundsarbete. Huvudkategorin relationer med underkategorierna; relation mellan elever och skolpersonal, relation mellan eleverna. Struktur har underkategorierna; regler och tydlighet i skolan och adaptiv skola. För huvudkategorin välbefinnande identifierades underkategorierna; psykisk hälsa , självförtroende och självkänsla.

     Slutsats: Studien tyder på att trygghet var en viktig indikator som kunde ha en inverkan på det psykosociala välbefinnandet i skolan. Utsatta områden har en lägre socioekonomisk status vilket gör att man bör arbeta för att främja tryggheten i dessa områden. Relationer och struktur i skolan spelade också en viktig roll för elevernas välmående. Trygghetsundersökningar är en utrustning som användes för att arbeta mot kränkning och diskriminering, vilket är två faktorer som kan påverka det psykosociala välbefinnandet. Det fanns också värdegrundsarbete som ingick i trygghetsarbetet. Värdegrundsarbete var också ett pågående arbete på några av skolorna, värdegrundsarbete kan ha en positiv effekt på välbefinnandet. Det visades också att hälsa och välbefinnande kunde påverkas beroende på den upplevda tryggheten.

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  • 8.
    Al-Fayadh Mean, Sophada
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Hur motiverar Studenthälsan universitetsstudenter till minskad alkoholkonsumtion?: - En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Mean, A.F. S. (2019). How Student Health Center motivate university students to reduce alcohol consumption? A qualitative interview study was carried out at three selected Swedish universities and four professionals employed were included in this empirical study. Bachelor thesis in Public Health Science. Department of Occupational and Public Health Science. Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. University of Gävle, Sweden.

     

    Background: Universities and Student Health Centers are arenas that works with motivation methods to reduce student’s alcohol consumption during studies. Previous studies have discussed social norms, alcohol culture and pointed out that nearly half of all Swedes between 18-25 years are university students. Over the years, this age group has had a higher alcohol intake compared to other periods in life. High alcohol consumption can affect health and all three sustainable aspects: social, economic and environmental sustainability that according to SDGs is to be achieved at year end 2030.

    The Aim of study: was to investigate how Student Health Centers motivate students to reduce alcohol consumption. Method: A qualitative interview study was carried out at three selected Swedish universities and four professionals’ employees at Student health centers were included in this investigation. Result: The Student Health Centers used a number of different evidence-based methods and strategies with motivational interview to motivate university students to reduce their alcohol consumption. Motivational work was focused on both individuals and groups. Motivational work based on personal experiences and the implementation of motivational conversations with students were accordance with students´ health status and their alcohol issues.

    Discussion: Students search motivational counseling not because of perceived alcohol problem, but due to stress factors and similar problems. A change in attitudes towards less alcohol intake among young adults could be reached due to increased awareness and knowledge of alcohol harm and alcohol-free drinks alternatives.

    Conclusion: The main task of the student Health Service is to try to reach all university students by using different motivational methods and tools. The main goal is to increase health promotion, reduce alcohol risk, prevent alcohol abuse and injuries at universities and colleges. Further qualitative research is needed to be able to identify patterns of underlying stress factors and alcohol-related ill-health among university students on a larger number of Universities and Student Health Centers.

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    Examensarbete VT19 Sophada Mean
  • 9.
    Aling, Maria
    et al.
    Röda Korsets högskola.
    Lindgren, Agnes
    Röda Korsets högskola.
    Lofall, Hillevi
    Röda Korsets högskola.
    Okenwa-Emegwa, Leah
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science. Röda Korsets högskola.
    A Scoping Review to Identify Barriers and Enabling Factors for Nurse-Patient Discussions on Sexuality and Sexual Health2021In: Nursing Reports, ISSN 2039-439X, E-ISSN 2039-4403, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 253-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexuality and sexual health (SSH) are essential aspects of care that have evolved since a 1975 World Health Organization (WHO) report on SSH. However, nurses still consider discussing the subject with patients a challenge. This scoping review aimed to map, synthesize, and summarize findings from existing literature regarding barriers and enabling factors for nurse-patient SSH discussions in care contexts.

    Methods: A scoping review model inspired by Arksey and O'Malley was used to search for and synthesize studies published between 2009 and 2019. The databases searched were the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, i.e., MEDLARS Online. A total of nineteen articles were eligible to be included.

    Results: Two main categories of enabling factors were identified, i.e., a professional approach via using core care values and availability of resources. Three major categories of barriers were identified: beliefs and attitudes related to age, gender, and sexual identity; fear and individual convictions; and work-related factors.

    Conclusions: Applying professionalism and core care values as well as making resources available are likely to promote SSH discussions between nurses and patients. Moreover, there is a need for a norm-critical approach in education and practice.

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  • 10.
    Anders, Kimhag- Axmark
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Christian, Ljung
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Det ska vara roligt att spela ishockey!: En intervjustudie om varför unga manliga ishockeyspelare väljer att fortsätta eller sluta spela ishockey.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska ishockeyförbundet vill ha en bred verksamhet och vill se att spelare fortsätter aktivt högt upp i åldrarna. Även Gästriklands ishockeyförbund strävar efter att skapa en bra verksamhet där en bred andel av spelarna får samma möjligheter. Trots det har de ett stort bortfall av spelare i lagen mellan U10-J20. Syftet är att belysa hur ishockeyspelare i Gästrikland födda 2003 upplever vilka faktorer som gör att man fortsätter eller slutar att spela ishockey. Frågeställningar som undersöktes var, vilka faktorer påverkar spelare att fortsätta spela ishockey, vilka faktorer kan påverka att spelare vill sluta spela ishockey, på vilket sätt anser spelarna att Gästrikemodellen påverkar om man fortsätter eller slutar spela ishockey. Vi valde en kvalitativ metod i form av en semistrukturerad intervju utifrån en intervjuguide. Det genomfördes sju intervjuer där urvalet var unga män som spelar ishockey i Gästrikland. Resultaten visar att de aspekter som respondenterna ser som viktiga för fortsatt idrottande var glädje, gemenskap, delaktighet, bra ledarskap, god prestation, att få tävla samt att få speltid i matcher. Enligt respondenternas upplevelse verkar det finnas flera anledningar till vad som fått individer att sluta spela ishockey. De faktorer vi har funnit är att inte vara en del av gemenskapen, dåligt ledarskap, att inte prestera, att inte bli utvald, att få lite speltid, samt andra fritidsaktiviteter som konkurrerar ut ishockeyn. Vår slutsats är att respondenterna som fortsätter att idrotta finner en meningsfullhet i idrotten där de funnit en tillhörighet och identitet.

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    Det ska vara roligt att spela ishockey!
  • 11.
    Andersson, Hampus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Axelsson, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Ledares egenskaper som är av vikt för äldres deltagande inom gruppträning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine elderly´s perceptions about the importance of leader's characteristics in participating in group training. The views of the elderly on the leader's role and importance permeates the study to try to demonstrate tendencies of important characteristics in a successful leadership. The issues used to supplement the purpose were: What qualities of leaders are most important for elderly people's participation in group training? Are the views of the elderly different on the importance of leader's characteristics in relation to which group activity is exercised? Which leadership focus can be linked to the leadership qualities that are important for the elderly's participation in group training? The method for answering the purpose has been applied on the basis of a cross-sectional study to find out the prevalence of leaders' characteristics against group training for the elderly (65+). Data has been collected via questionnaires that were answered by 81 respondents who participate in group training for the elderly who were selected on the basis of an appropriate selection. The result shows that the attribute of the leader that the respondents considered most important for their own participation was the leader's ability to be engaged, and where relationship-oriented leadership was highly regarded in the opinion of the elderly. The perceptions of the elderly had no significant difference when comparing group activity. The conclusion of the study thus becomes that the most important characteristic of the leader is engaged, and that older people in group training want a leader with a relationship-oriented leadership. 

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  • 12.
    Andersson, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Funktionsmedicinens betydelse för hälsofrämjande och sjukdomsförebyggande folkhälsoarbete: En explorativ studie av funktionsmedicinska läkares uppfattningar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate perceptions of the functional medicine in promoting health and preventing disease in public health work. The method used for this qualitative study was semi-structured interviews with five strategically selected licensed physicians. A thematic analysis was used to divide the data into main themes and sub-themes. The results showed three main themes “A personal journey”, “Sustainable health work”, “Obstacles and challenges” and nine sub-themes. The main findings showed that functional medicine physicians have experienced inadequacy during their previous conventional medical career. Functional medicine is considered a possible complement in healthcare to manage lifestyle-related health problems and promote public health. Several obstacles are encountered in the work, mainly related to criticism, prejudices and ethical, moral, and economic dilemmas. Conclusion: The interviewed professionals perceived their work as a personal journey and that it contributed to a more sustainable approach to health. However, they also experienced obstacles and challenges such as achieving economic stability as well as acceptance of their work approach. Therefore, they further suggest that in order to achieve more sustainable and health-promoting healthcare, greater emphasis should be placed on promoting health and bodily function. Functional medicine faces many challenges, and more research is needed to deepen our understanding of its contributions to population-level health work.

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  • 13.
    Annerquist, Jessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Plastens påverkan på folkhälsan: En kvalitativ studie om återvinning och reducering av plast2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine different local actors and workplaces to find out what they are doing to reduce the use of plastic. Four interviews were conducted to find out how they are working to reduce plastic in their workplaces and if the informants were aware of the impact that plastic has on the environment and on human health. The results show that the awareness of the informants has increased, and they are acting to reduce plastic at the workplace. The customers are informed by the informants at the workplace of the actors work to reduce their use of plastic. The public can participate in events hosted by the county where they can come and see what is being done for the environment, human health and the reducing of plastic in nature. Therefor it is very important that the county, local shops and the population are cooperating to ensure a plastic free environment and better health for the people.

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  • 14.
    Arnell, Susann
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science. Örebro University.
    Geidne, Susanna
    Örebro University.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Örebro University.
    Experiences of stakeholder collaboration when promoting participation in physical activity among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder2022In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 1728-1736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Various stakeholders contribute to the development of healthy physical activity habits in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Parents and stakeholders seek collaborative actions but little is still known about such efforts. The purpose of this study was thus to explore how professionals from different services experience stakeholder collaboration when promoting participation in physical activity for these adolescents.

    Method

    Five focus group discussions were held with 17 professionals from education, health care, community, and sports organizations, engaged in the promotion of physical activity in adolescents with ASD. The data were analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results

    The discussions revolved around a central theme: Collaboration is needed to promote physical literacy among adolescents with ASD. The professionals though experienced that this collaboration was hampered by the low priority given to physical activity issues within different organizations, by limited resources, lack of knowledge, and unclear roles.

    Conclusions

    Notwithstanding the professionals? different roles, all agreed that physical activity issues need to be prioritized and that each stakeholder needs to acknowledge the shared responsibility of collaboration. However, more clear routines for collaboration that include joined efforts but also highlight the organization-specific responsibilities might enhance the collaborative efforts.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONI

    n-depth understanding of both the adolescents? needs and the environments in which physical activity is promoted is required if participation in physical activity among adolescents with ASD is to be enhanced.Families and professionals within different organizations need to be supported to collaborate when mapping and meeting the adolescents? physical activity needs. Issues regarding developing physical activity habits need to be prioritized.Professionals, such as education, health, and community professionals who are important for the promotion of healthy physical activity habits need to be included in multi-stakeholder meetings.

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  • 15.
    Arnell, Susann
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Feasibility of using Q-sort to map conditional participation in physical activity in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder2023In: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, ISSN 0736-5829, E-ISSN 1543-2777, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 63-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Participation in physical activity among adolescents with autism is often conditional. However, there is a lack of methods for identifying these specific conditions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop and investigate the feasibility of a Q-sort tool to map individual-specific conditions for participation in physical activity among adolescents with autism and to identify different viewpoints regarding conditions for such participation. Method: An exploratory mixed-methods design was employed to investigate the feasibility of using Q methodology and the Q-sort procedure to identify what individual-specific conditions are important for participation in physical activity for adolescents with autism. Results: The adolescents ranked the statements with varying levels of ease. Two viewpoints were identified: Autonomous participation without surprises and Enjoyment of activity in a safe social context. Conclusion: Q-sort is a feasible method for mapping conditions for participation, which can guide the development of tailored physical activity interventions.

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  • 16.
    Arnell, Susann
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science. Örebro University.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Örebro University.
    Parents’ perceptions and concerns about physical activity participation among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder2020In: Autism, ISSN 1362-3613, E-ISSN 1461-7005, Vol. 24, no 8, p. 2243-2255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The parents of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder have a vital and proactive role in encouraging healthy physical activity habits, and they possess important knowledge about the adolescents’ needs when it comes to enhancing participation in physical activity. But promoting healthy physical activity habits in adolescents can be difficult. The purpose of this study was thus to describe parents’ perceptions of their adolescent child’s participation in physical activity and to describe the parental role in promoting such participation. Twenty-eight parents of adolescents aged 12–16 years with autism spectrum disorder were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed using an inductive content analysis approach. The parents described how challenging participation in physical activities could be for their adolescents. Despite this, they wanted to see their children participate more in physical activity but found the promotion of physical activity to be an overwhelming task that was difficult to cope with on their own. The results reveal a need for support and collaborative efforts among different actors to give these issues increased priority in order to promote the adolescents’ physical activity participation.

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  • 17.
    Arvidsson, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Eriksson, Klara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    "Inget kan stoppa idrott, så låt inget stoppa dig": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om motivationen hos några damfotbollsspelare under coronapandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idrottsrörelsen är stor i Sverige med flera miljoner medlemmar där fotboll är den största idrotten. Föreningsidrotten bidrar med en rad fördelar, både fysiska och psykiska. Trots detta är det fler som väljer att sluta idrotta, speciellt tjejer. Coronapandemin slog till under 2020 och har bidragit med konsekvenser för både samhället och idrotten. Utmaningarna har varit stora för idrotten på grund av alla restriktioner och detta kan påverka motivationen hos idrottsutövare. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur coronapandemin har påverkat motivationen till att fortsätta inom föreningsidrotten hos några utvalda 18 till 23 åriga damfotbollsspelare. Studien var en kvalitativ intervjustudie med en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Till studien rekryterades sex stycken respondenter från olika fotbollslag. Inklusionskriterier för urvalet var att respondenterna skulle vara damfotbollsspelare mellan 18 och 25 år som spelade förra säsongen (2020) och fortfarande spelar. Koder och teman identifierades i intervjusvaren för att svara på studiens syfte. Idrott kan ses som en samhällsnytta på många sätt, både för individen själv och för hela samhället. Människor får bättre livskvalité genom att idrotta, vilket medför ett bättre mående. Därför har författarna i denna studie valt att fokusera på de personer som väljer att fortsätta inom idrotten. För att analysera resultatet användes självbestämmande teorins tre psykologiska behov, autonomi, kompetens och tillhörighet. Resultatet visar att motivationen till fotbollen har påverkats under coronapandemin för att det funnits mycket osäkerhet kring när och om matcher kommer att spelas. Motivationen kan minska när tävlingsmomentet försvinner och det inte finns något att träna för. Trots detta finns en stark vilja att fortsätta för att det fortfarande är roligt att spela fotboll och tillhöra ett lag. Gemenskapen, rutiner och att träna är de främsta faktorerna för fortsatt deltagande. 

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  • 18.
    Astner, Amanda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    Fritidsgårdars arbete med ungdomars upplevda trygghet – en kvalitativ intervjustudie i en svensk storstad2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien var att i en svensk storstad undersöka fritidsgårdars arbete med ungdomars upplevda trygghet i samhället. En induktiv kvalitativ metod med fyra individuella intervjuer användes för att besvara studiens syfte och frågeställningar genom semistrukturerade frågor. Tre kvinnor och en man deltog i studien och representerade fyra olika fritidsgårdar i den svenska storstaden. Genom en konventionell kvalitativ innehållsanalys kunde insamlat material analyseras och resultatet utmynnade i fem kategorier; Trygghet beskrivs på olika sätt, Trygghetsskapande arbete på fritidsgårdarna, Trygga vuxna, Fritidsgården som en trygg plats och Samverkan för trygghet. Resultatetvisade att fritidsgårdarna i dagsläget inte har ett strukturerat trygghetsarbete men att de arbetar med trygghet på andra sätt, bland annat genom att inkludera ungdomarna på fritidsgårdarna via trygghetsundersökningar och att lyssna till ungdomarnas intressen för att ge möjlighet att kunna vara delaktig i verksamheten. Slutligen visade resultatet att fritidsgården har en stor betydelse för ungdomarna och att den kan vara ett alternativ för ungdomar som väljer mellan att ta den kriminella banan eller inte.

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  • 19.
    Back, Madeleine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Kunskap och rutiner kring hedersvåld och förtryck inom socialtjänsten - en intervjustudie i en medelstor svensk kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Back, M. (2019). Knowledge and routines about honor violence and oppression in the social services - an interview study in a medium-sized Swedish city. University of Gävle, Sweden. Bachelor thesis in Public Health Science. Department of Sports and Public Health Science. Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. Sweden, Gävle: University of Gävle.    The aim of the study was to investigate knowledge and routines about honor related violence in social services in a medium-sized Swedish city. A qualitative method with four individual semi-structured interviews was used to answer to the purpose and research questions. A thematic analysis was conducted to find patterns in the respondents' answers. The result is presented in five main themes; Collectively practiced violence, Extinguishing fires, Knowledge and competence and Lack of prerequisites. Results showed that there are no specific routines regarding honor issues and that the knowledge and competence varies depending on occupational position and department. The most notable theme was Lack of conditions, which established that the girl usually goes back home, which was considered to be due to inadequate systems and insufficient routines. Honor violence and oppression is considered an important and current issue among professionals, although there seems to be difficulties and uncertainties about how the cases should be handled and the knowledge applied. In order to meet these challenges, a shared understanding is needed, regarding routines and working methods, as well as an improved knowledge among professionals. Priority and improved conditions are also needed to develop the work regarding honor-related violence and oppression.   

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  • 20.
    Barboza, Madelene
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Marttila, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science. Karolinska institutet.
    Burström, Bo
    Karolinska institutet.
    Kulane, Asli
    Karolinska institutet.
    Towards health equity: core components of an extended home visiting intervention in disadvantaged areas of Sweden2022In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 22, no 1, article id 1091Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Understanding the mechanisms of implementation of public health interventions in community settings is a key aspect of programme assessments. To determine core components and establish a programme theory are important tools to improve functioning and support dissemination of programme models to new locations. An extended early childhood home visiting intervention has been developed on-site in a socioeconomically disadvantaged area of Sweden since 2013 with the aim of reducing persisting health inequities in the population. This study aimed at investigating the core programme components and how the intervention was perceived to contribute towards health equity from early childhood.

    Methods: Qualitative framework method was applied in a document analysis and subsequent semi-structured interviews with 15 key actors involved in the programme.

    Results: The intervention was found to be constituted of five core components centred around the situation-based, parental strengthening work method delivered by a qualified team of child health care nurse and social worker. The programme theory foresaw positive effects on child and parental health, responsive parenting practices, families' use of welfare services according to need and increased integration and participation in society. The principles of Proportionate Universalism were recognised in the programme theory and the intervention was perceived as an important contribution to creating conditions for improved health equity for the families. Still, barriers to health equity were identified on the structural level which limit the potential impact of the programme.

    Conclusions: The core components of the Extended home visiting programme in Rinkeby correspond well to those of similar evidence-based home visiting interventions. Combining focus on early childhood development and responsive parenting with promoting access to the universal welfare services and integration into society are considered important steppingstones towards health equity. However, a favourable macro-political environment is required in the endeavour to balance the structural determinants' influence on health inequities. Improved availability and accessibility to welfare services that respond to the needs of the families regarding housing, education and employment are priorities.

    Trial registration: The study was retrospectively registered on 11/08/2016 in the ISRCTN registry ( ISRCTN11832097 ).

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  • 21.
    Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Colding, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    Thalén, Peder
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Turunen, Päivi
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Urban green commons for socially sustainable cities and communities2022In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 310-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In these times of global pandemics and climate crisis, social sustainability has become a crucial issue within diverse sectors and disciplines. This article aims to broaden the discussions on social sustainability in general, and in relation to community work within professional social work in particular.

    By means of a cross-disciplinary bricolage approach – with a focus on the commons – we aim to construct a holistic view of urban social sustainability. Beginning with the Anthropocene concept, which recognizes the human impact on the Earth’s natural systems and hence highlights the need to include the natural environment as a determinant of good and fair living conditions for all, we remix arguments and examples relating to social sustainability with environmental and spatial dimensions to develop an urban green commons. Our cross-disciplinary perspective extends beyond contemporary social policy by bringing together natural resource management, public health, and spiritual aspects of the commons. In order to fit the plurality of urban contexts across the planet, further critical deliberations are needed, focusing on social sustainability and collective action for sustainable change in each context. 

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  • 22.
    Berlin, Hanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Uppfattningar om hur miljö, klimat och hälsa är länkade till varandra: En kvalitativ intervjustudie i en mellanstor kommun i Sverige2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how residents in a medium-sized municipality in Sweden perceive how the environment, climate and health are linked. To investigate this, a qualitative study was carried out through semi-structured interviews. Five respondents, three women and two men, were selected through a purposive sampling and the interviews varied in time and place. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using content analysis. 

    Four categories emerged from the results: Perceptions of health at the individual and community level, perceptions about the link between climate, environment and health, attitudes regarding global environmental change and environmentally friendly behavior.

    The respondents in the study perceived that there is a link between environment, climate and human health, but that the link is both vague and difficult to describe. The respondents perceived that the consequences of climate change are unclear. None of the people in the study felt threatened by the climate change. All respondents were able to account for their awareness and desire to be environmentally conscious. In addition, respondents had a notion that awareness did not immediately turn into an environmentally friendly behavior. 

    A major obstacle to environmentally friendly behavior was, according to the respondents, the economic system. They wished that environmental measures would go from individual to the community level.

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  • 23.
    Bjur, William
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Hindi, Yousef
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Hur påverkas sömnen av styrketräning bland män?: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vad den existerande litteraturen sa om hur sömnen påverkas av styrketräning bland män 16-65 år. Den valda metoden var en litteraturstudie av allmän karaktär. Detta innebär att sammanställa ett resultat som ska beskriva kunskapsläget för ett visst område och sedan komma fram till en sammanfattande slutsats för det valda ämnet. Till studiens resultat användes 9 vetenskapliga artiklar. Dessa artiklar hämtades från databasen Discovery. Artiklarna granskades enligt PEDro-skalan. Det sammanfattade resultatet visade att styrketräning har en positiv effekt på sömnen. Styrketräning som genomförs under morgonen och i början av dagen har en positiv effekt på sömnen. Träning som äger rum nära inpå sänggående (90 minuter innan) verkar ha en neutral effekt på sömnen. Styrketräning har visat sig kunna förenkla processen att somna, det förlänger den totala sömndurationen och förbättrar den generella sömnkvaliteten. Excentrisk styrketräning förkortar processen att hamna i REM-sömn jämfört med den koncentriska motsvarigheten. Det existerar en korrelation mellan hög muskelstyrka och god sömnkvalitet. Styrketräning har en positiv effekt på sömnen bland män i åldrarna 16-65 år.

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    Hur påverkas sömnen av styrketräning bland män?: En litteraturstudie
  • 24.
    Blomqvist, John
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Bond, Marcus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Nutrient timing inom uthålighetsidrott: En litteraturstudie om energiintag vid rätt tillfälle för optimal prestation och återhämtning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund. För att kunna maximera sin prestation och återhämtning inom idrott är kost och intag av rätt näring vid rätt tillfälle, så kallad nutrient timing avgörande för att nå framgång. Atleter kan inte förbereda sig på samma sätt oavsett idrottsaktivitet utan måste anpassa sitt näringsintag beroende på duration och intensitet. Kunskapsläget kring nutritionsbehov och kostintag inom uthållighetsidrott är inte klarlagt varför det finns behov att belysa den forskning som finns på området.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur nutrient timing påverkar prestation och återhämtningen i uthållighetsidrotter. 

    Metod. En litteraturöversikt genomfördes genom databaserna Discovery, PubMed och CINAHL. Totalt 14 artiklar inkluderas i studien.

    Resultat: Kolhydrater och protein var de dominerande energikällorna som behövs i uthållighetssporter. För att uppnå en bättre prestation och snabbare återhämtning var tidsintaget en viktig faktor att förhålla sig till. Resultaten visade att näring inom två timmar efter avslutad aktivitet visade bättre resultat om atleter intog protein kombinerat med kolhydrater. Att inta protein och kolhydrater för tätt inpå träning visade inte ge några ytterligare effekter. 

    Slutsats: Ett intag av kolhydrater i kombination med protein är energikällorna som ger bäst förutsättning för att utföra fysisk prestation. För att ge bäst förutsättning har tiden en stor påverkan på resultatet. Proteinet har ingen ytterligare effekt på återhämtningen om återhämtningsperioden är mer än 24 timmar. 

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  • 25.
    Blomqvist, Sven
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Postural balance, physical activity and capacity among young people with intellectual disability2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate postural balance, physical activity, physical capacity and their associations in young people (16-20 years) with intellectual disability (ID), mild to moderate. The aim was also to study the reliability and concurrent validity of postural balance tests.

    To evaluate postural balance, one assessor used five common postural balance tests and one new test. The tests were performed twice for 89 young people with ID (one to twelve days apart). Intraclass correlation coefficients greater than 0.80 were achieved for four of the common balance tests: Extended Timed Up and Go Test (ETUGT), Modified Forward Reach Test (MFRT), One-Leg Stance Test (OLS), and a Force Platform Test (FPT). The smallest real difference ranged from 12% to 40%; less than 20% is considered to be low. For the six balance tests, the concurrent validity varied between none to low.

    Falls are more common for young people with ID compared to young people without ID. One reason could be impaired postural balance. The postural balance for young people with ID has not been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, five balance tests and three muscle strength tests were used to compare young people with ID with an age-matched control group without ID (n=255). The young people with ID had significantly lower scores on most of the postural balance tests and muscle strength tests of the trunk and lower limbs. Muscle strength, height, and body mass index had no strong association with postural balance. The results also illustrated that young people with ID did not rely more on vision for their balance ability compared to peers without ID.

    It seems that postural balance is impaired for young people with ID when evaluated with common tests. An everyday situation is to react to unexpected balance disturbances to avoid falls by using different postural responses. Since young people with ID seem to fall more often than peers without ID, it is valuable to investigate if those postural responses are different between the groups. Therefore, young people with and without ID (n=99) were exposed to six backward surface translations and several postural muscle responses were evaluated: muscle synergies and strategies, muscle onset latency, time-to-peak amplitude, and adaptation. The responses of the investigated muscles – the gastrocnemius, the biceps femoris, and the erector spinae L4 level – were measured using electromyography. The results showed that there were no differences between the two groups with respect to synergies or strategies, muscle onset latency, and time-to-peak amplitude. An overall pattern was seen, that young people with ID adapted their muscle response slower in all three muscles than peers without ID, but this pattern was not statistically significant.

    Studies have shown that people with ID have impaired postural balance, a lower level of physical activity, and lower aerobic capacity compared to people without ID. The association is however not investigated. Therefore, postural balance (postural sway indirectly measured with the subjects standing on a force platform), physical activity (measured with a pedometer), and aerobic capacity (measured with a sub-maximal ergometer cycle test) were used to assess young people with and without ID (n=106). To investigate the subjects’ view of their own health, the subjects completed an adapted questionnaire that addressed their perceived health. The analysis showed no significant associations between postural balance, level of physical activity, and aerobic capacity. The subjects in the ID group, both men and women, had significantly lower aerobic capacity compared to subjects without ID. The answers from the health questionnaire did not correspond to the measured outcomes from the physical tests for young people with ID.

    In conclusion, ETUGT and MFRT can be used to evaluate change in postural balance over time in young people with mild to moderate ID. The low concurrent validity suggests that the postural balance tests probably challenge various subsystems. Young people with ID have impaired postural balance and perform lower on muscle strength tests than age-matched controls. Postural muscle responses after external perturbations seem to be similar for young people with and without ID, but the ability to adapt muscle responses after repeated perturbations appears to be slower for young people with ID. The studies in the thesis also indicate that young people with ID have reduced level of physical activity and lower aerobic capacity. The lack of association between the different physical functions indicates that they should be evaluated and exercised separately. Young persons with ID might have more difficulty realising the health advantage of being physically active, as they do not seem to make this connection. Because of this, it is important that parents/guardians, school staff, physiotherapists, and others encourage them to participate in physical activity.

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  • 26.
    Blomqvist, Sven
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Ahlström, Johan
    Coaching manual for training cross-country skiers with intellectual disability2021Report (Other academic)
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  • 27.
    Blomqvist, Sven
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Ahlström, Johan
    Coaching manual vid träning av längdskidåkning med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2021Report (Other academic)
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  • 28.
    Blomqvist, Sven
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Computer Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.
    Using augmented reality technology for balance training in the older adults: a feasibility pilot study2021In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 21, article id 144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Impaired balance leading to falls is common in the older adults, and there is strong evidence that balance training reduces falls and increases independence. Reduced resources in health care will result in fewer people getting help with rehabilitation training. In this regard, the new technology augmented reality (AR) could be helpful. With AR, the older adults can receive help with instructions and get feedback on their progression in balance training. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility of using AR-based visual-interactive tools in balance training of the older adults.; Methods: Seven older adults (66-88 years old) with impaired balance trained under supervision of a physiotherapist twice a week for six weeks using AR-based visual-interactive guidance, which was facilitated through a Microsoft HoloLens holographic display. Afterwards, participants and physiotherapists were interviewed about the new technology and their experience of the training. Also, fear of falling and balance ability were measured before and after training.; Results: Five participants experienced the new technology as positive in terms of increased motivation and feedback. Experiences were mixed regarding the physical and technical aspects of the HoloLens and the design of the HoloLens application. Participants also described issues that needed to be further improved, for example, the training program was difficult and monotonous. Further, the HoloLens hardware was felt to be heavy, the application's menu was difficult to control with different hand manoeuvres, and the calibration took a long time. Suggestions for improvements were described. Results of the balance tests and self-assessment instruments indicated no improvements in balance performance after AR training.; Conclusions: The study showed that training with the new technology is, to some extent, feasible for the older adults, but needs further development. Also, the technology seemed to stimulate increased motivation, which is a prerequisite for adherence to training. However, the new technology and training requires further development and testing in a larger context.

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  • 29.
    Borg, Simon
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Ekfeldt Lundqvist, Oscar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Self-efficacy och andra motivationsfaktorer som förklaring till fortsatt utövande av fotboll på motionsnivå2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka manliga fotbolls-motionärer och deras uppfattning om vad som får dem att fortsätta utöva motionsfotboll baserat på tron av den egna förmågan (self-efficacy) och olika motivationsfaktorer. Studien baseras på en kvantitativ metod i form av en enkät med två frågeformulär där ansatsen var deskriptiv. Totalt svarade 46 manliga fotbollsspelare mellan division 4–8 på enkäten. Resultatet visade att undersökningsgruppen har ett relativt högt self-efficacy beträffande fotbollsutövande. Att yngre fotbollsspelare motiveras av att tävla och utvecklas jämfört med de äldre. Spelare i division 4 visade sig motiveras av utveckling i högre grad än resten av deltagarna. Till sist visade resultatet att individer med högt self-efficacy motiveras av den sociala faktorn. Slutsatsen blev att utövande av fotboll på motionsnivå går att förklara genom self-efficacy och att högt self-efficacy framför allt förknippas med den sociala motivationsfaktorn. Samtidigt visade det sig att olika serier och åldersgrupper hos deltagarna kan vara motivationsfaktorer som övertygar till fortsatt deltagande i motionsfotboll. 

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  • 30.
    Brinck, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Religionsrespekt i skolämnet idrott och hälsa?: En intervjustudie med elever med muslimsk bakgrund2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En intervjustudie med elever med muslismk bakgrund

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  • 31. Burns, Jan
    et al.
    Johnston, Matthew
    Handbok för bäst praxis vid träning av idrottare med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur man använder denna bästa-praxishandbokInnehållet i handboken grundar sig på en övergripande och djupgående granskning av de resurser som för närvarande finns tillgängliga för den här särskilda formen av handledning. Efter att ha gjort omfattande sökningar på webb och i databaser, har över 100 resurser som bl.a. omfattar träningshandböcker, kurser (bl.a. e-lärande), läroböcker, artiklar, webbsidor och informationsbroschyrer kunnat lokaliseras. Var och en av dessa har granskats och information som kan vara till nytta när det gäller att träna idrottare med IF har använts. Vissa resurser har vi inte kunnat ta med eftersom de inte var skrivna på engelska, men de lades till i databasen. Vi har också intervjuat tränare och idrottare med kunskaper om olika idrottsgrenar för att utnyttja deras erfarenheter, exempel och resurser för att ytterligare utvidga dessa idéer om bästa praxis. Därefter har vi placerat dessa förslag i en teoretisk ram för att hjälpa tränarna att generalisera verksamheten i olika sammanhang. 

    Målgruppen för denna handbok för bästa praxis är tränare som håller på med eller är intresserade av att handleda idrottare med IF – alltifrån gräsrötter till elitnivå. Den kan också komma väl till pass för gymnastiklärare, frivilliga som arbetar med personer med IF, arrangörer eller personer som ordnar med idrotts- och motionstillfällen. Informationen i handboken kan också vara till nytta för föräldrar eller vårdnadshavare till barn/unga personer med IF som vill engagera sig inom idrotten, både som rekreations- och som utvecklingsinriktad verksamhet.

    Handboken fokuserar på flera huvudsakliga träningsområden för idrottare med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning.  

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  • 32.
    Burvall, Tomas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Tjernberg, Kim Jonas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    FaR from over: En intervjustudie om olika regioners arbete med Fysisk aktivitet på Recept2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fysisk aktivitet är ett av det vedertagna sätt till att främja hälsa inom sjukvården i dagens Sverige och rekommenderas främst till patienter med olika diagnoser såsom diabetes typ 2, övervikt och fetma. Fysisk aktivitet på recept, FaR, är ett verktyg framtaget som ett behandlingsalternativ för att minska ohälsa och förskrivningen av farmaceutiska preparat. Trots att verktyget FaR är bevisat effektivt som behandlingsmetod används det inte i den utsträckning verktyget har kapacitet för. Åtta regionansvariga för FaR i Sverige intervjuades. 

    Studiens syfte var att belysa hur regionsansvariga för Fysisk aktivitet på recept ser på arbetet kring FaR i dåtid, nutid och framtid. För att kunna besvara syftet användes tre frågeställningar: Vad anser de regionsansvariga att FaR har bidragit med inom hälso- och sjukvården? Vad anser regionsansvariga vara grundläggande för ett lyckat arbete med FaR? Vilka utvecklingsområden kan det finnas för FaR enligt regionsansvariga? 

    Studiens metod var semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta regionsansvariga utspridda över Sverige. För att analysera dessa intervjuer så genomfördes transkribering, kodning och tematisering och sedan en innehållsanalys för att urskilja betydelsefulla teman, kategorier och underkategorier och betydelsefulla citat. 

    Resultatet visade att samtliga regioner var överens om att FaR var ett viktigt verktyg i arbete inom hälso-och sjukvården. Men att då alla regioner arbetar olika med FaR finns en otydlighet i hur arbetet bör skötas för att FaR skall användas mer. Brister inom kommunikation, ledning och samverkan och i uppmuntran både resursmässigt och ledarskapsmässigt framgick. Studien kan bidra med mer kunskap om arbetet kring FaR i olika regioner har fungerat och möjligtvis ge förslag på hur det kan förbättras. En möjlig väg att gå kan vara en nationell instans som jobbar strategiskt och med fysisk aktivitet i varje region för att stödja det hälsofrämjande arbetet med FaR.

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  • 33.
    Chowdhury, Ehsanul
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    CSR Reporting of Stakeholders’ Health: Proposal for a New Perspective2021In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 3, article id 1133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the paper is to identify and categorize disclosures from the Global Reporting Initiative Sustainability Reporting Standards (GRI Standards) that have direct or indirect influence on health of external or internal stakeholders.

    Methodology: GRI core and comprehensive disclosures (as part of universal standards and topic-specific standards related to economic, environmental and social topics) that can be used by businesses for CSR reporting were grouped as to have direct or indirect influence on external and internal stakeholders’ health.

    Findings: The study proposes a systematic way of conceiving GRI standards in terms of direct or indirect influence on the health and well-being of internal and external stakeholders.

    Originality/Value: This is the first study that provides a classification of core and comprehensive GRI disclosures that have direct or indirect influence on the health of external or internal stakeholders. This classification will allow businesses to easily report those CSR activities that might be of importance to stakeholders’ health promotion. 

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  • 34.
    Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan
    et al.
    First Capital University of Bangladesh.
    Khan, Hafiz T A
    University of West London.
    Rashid, Mamunur
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    Kabir, Russell
    Anglia Ruskin University, UK.
    Islam, Sazin
    First Capital University of Bangladesh.
    Islam, Md Shariful
    First Capital University of Bangladesh.
    Kader, Manzur
    Karolinska institutet.
    Differences in risk factors associated with single and multiple concurrent forms of undernutrition (stunting, wasting, or underweight) among children under 5 in Bangladesh: A nationally representative cross-sectional study2021In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 11, article id e052814Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The current study aims at differentiating the risk factors of cooccurrence and the single dimension of undernutrition among under-5 children in Bangladesh. 

    Design: A nationally representative cross-sectional study. 

    Setting: Bangladesh.

    Participants: Children age under 5 years of age. 

    Outcome measure: A child is considered to have cooccurrence of undernutrition if he/she has either coexistence of stunting and underweight; wasting and underweight at the same time or the coexistence of stunting, wasting, and underweight. Also, a child with a single dimension of undernutrition includes having stunting, wasting, and being underweight independently.

    Methods: A Chi-square test was used to assess the prevalence of undernutrition. Odds ratio (OR) and confidence interval (CI) of potential risk factors were quantified using logistic regression analysis. 

    Results: Two out of five under-5 children are suffering undernutrition in Bangladesh. The prevalence of cooccurrence and the single dimension of child undernutrition in Bangladesh was 19.3% (95% CI: 18.2, 20.5) and 18.9 (95% CI:17.9, 19.7) respectively. The key risk factors of cooccurrence of undernutrition were children born with small birth weight [AOR-3.40, 95% CI-2.52, 5.57], socio-economically poorest households [AOR-2.29, 95% CI-1.74, 3.01] and children age group 48-59 months [AOR-2.18, 95% CI-1.80, 2.63], on the other hand, children age group 12-23 months [AOR-161, 95% CI-1.35, 1.92], socio-economically poorer households [AOR-1.41, 95% CI-1.09, 1.82] and paternal illiteracy [AOR-1.19, 95% CI-1.01, 1.42] was significantly associated with single dimension of undernutrition. 

    Conclusion: One-fifth of the children are suffering cooccurrence of undernutrition and that is similar as measured by the single dimension of undernutrition. Parental education, mother’s undernutrition status, father’s employment status, children’s age, birth order, and small birth are the main differentiating risk factors of cooccurrence and the single dimension of undernutrition among under-5 children in Bangladesh which should be taken into consideration to formulate an evidence-based strategy to reduce undernutrition among under-5 children. 

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  • 35.
    Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan
    et al.
    Monash University, Victoria, Australia.
    Khan, Hafiz TA
    University of West London, UK.
    Rashid, Mamunur
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    Mondal, Md Nazrul Islam
    University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
    Bornee, Farzana Akhter
    Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Billah, Baki
    Monash University, Victoria, Australia.
    Prevalence and correlates of severe under-5 child anthropometric failure measured by the Composite Index of Severe Anthropometric Failure in Bangladesh2022In: Frontiers in Pediatrics , E-ISSN 2296-2360, Vol. 10, article id 978568Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although Bangladesh has made noticeable progress in reducing the prevalence of stunting, wasting, and being underweight among under-5 children, it has not been very successful in reducing overall severe anthropometric failure (SAF) among them. Therefore, the study aims to identify the prevalence and risk factors of SAF measured by the Composite Index of Severe Anthropometric Failure (CISAF) among under-5 children in Bangladesh. 

    Methods: Data was drawn from a cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS) conducted in 2017-18. A bivariate analysis (Chi-square test) and logistic regression analysis were used to estimate the unadjusted and age and sex adjusted prevalence of SAF. Odds ratio (OR) and confidence interval (CI) were assessed using logistic regression analysis to identify the various risk factor of SAF. 

    Results: The overall adjusted prevalence of under-5 child SAF was 11.3% (95% CI: 10.6 - 12.0) and it was highly prevalent among children of uneducated mothers (adjusted, 22%, 95% CI: 17.3 - 26.8). The key factors associated with SAF were children in the age group 24-35 months (OR: 2.43, 95% CI: 1.83 – 3.23), children born with low birth weight (OR: 3.14, 95% CI: 2.24 – 4.97), children of underweight mothers (OR: 1.82, 95% CI: 1.44 – 2.29), children of parents with no formal education (OR: 2.28, 95% CI: 1.56 – 3.31) and children from lower socio-economic status (OR: 2.25, 95% CI: 1.55 – 3.26). 

    Conclusion: Prioritizing and ensuring context-specific interventions addressing individual, community, public policy, and environment level risk factors from policy level to implementation to reduce structural and intermediary determinants of under-5 SAF. 

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  • 36.
    Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan
    et al.
    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Rahman, Md Shafiur
    Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan.
    Billah, Baki
    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Rashid, Mamunur
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    Almroth, Melody
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kader, Manzur
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Prevalence and factors associated with severe undernutrition among under-5 children in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal: a comparative study using multilevel analysis2023In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 10183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite economic growth and poverty reduction, under-5 child undernutrition is still rampant in South Asian countries. This study explored the prevalence and risk factors of severe undernutrition among under-5 children in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal for comparison using the Composite Index of Severe Anthropometric Failure. We utilised information on under-5 children from recent Demographic Health Surveys. We used multilevel logistic regression models for data analysis. The prevalence of severe undernutrition among under-5 children was around 11.5%, 19.8%, and 12.6% in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal, respectively. Children from the lowest socioeconomic quintile, and children born with low birth weight were key factors associated with severe undernutrition in these countries. The factors, parental education, maternal nutritional status, antenatal and postnatal care, and birth order were not homogeneous in explaining the determinants of child severe undernutrition across the countries. Our results suggest that the poorest households, and low birth weight of children have significant effects on severe undernutrition among under-5 children in these countries, which should be considered to formulate an evidence-based strategy to reduce severe undernutrition in South Asia.

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  • 37.
    Dadich, Ann
    et al.
    Western Sydney University, Parramatta, NSW, Australia.
    Buttigieg, Sandra
    University of Malta, Msida, Malta.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    West, Thomas
    University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Editorial: Health service management and leadership: COVID-style2023In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 11, article id 1141055Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 38.
    Dahlberg, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Törner, Hilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    “Jag valde inte rollen som föräldratränare, utan jag valde rollen som tränare”: Föräldratränares erfarenheter och upplevelser av rollen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet var att undersöka föräldratränares erfarenheter och upplevelser kring att vara tränare inom lagidrott där ens eget barn är aktivt deltagande i laget. Fokuset låg på drivkraften hos föräldratränarna, de upplevda för och nackdelar som finns, situationer som kan uppstå, de anpassade ledarskapet och utbildningserfarenheter. För att få fram ett resultat användes en kvalitativ metod i form av intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Det utfördes sex intervjuer med både män och kvinnor som är eller har varit tränare för sina egna barn. Efter utförda intervjuer transkriberades och kodades varje intervju. Resultat visade på att föräldratränarrollen är en komplex situation och för med sig både för och nackdelar. Balansen i ledarskapet är inget som någon anser är lätt men de väljer att inta rollen för att de tycker att det är kul och att kunskaper från föräldrarna kan föras vidare till barnen i laget. Utbildning inom den sport man är tränare inom är något som alla fått, men mindre kring föräldratränarrollen.Resultatet har visat att det är en liten utbildningslucka kring just föräldratränarrollen och det är någonting som alla föräldrar efterfrågar. Drivkraften att föräldrar intar rollen är kunskap, engagemang och att man har sitt egna barn i laget. Det finns både för- och nackdelar med att vara föräldratränare. Alla föräldratränares upplevelser och erfarenheter är relativt lika samt anpassningarna de gör i ledarskapet är densamma. Den största procenten utav ideella tränare består av föräldratränare och utan de hade föreningsidrotten i Sverige inte fungerat. 

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  • 39.
    Danielsson, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Arbetsintegrerade sociala företag- för folkhälsa och hållbar utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of the study is to investigate how WISE (Work integration social enterprises) promotes employee health and sustainable development. Method: In order to investigate how WISE works to promote health and sustainable development, interviews were carried out with four business managers at four companies. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with operational managers at WISE in Central Sweden. Results: Analysed data showed that WISE promoted the health of employees through increased opportunities, increased quality of life and preconditions for all. The results also showed that there were ongoing sustainability efforts. The social, economic and ecological dimension clearly appeared in WISE's work. Conclusions: WISE is a relatively new research area and more research is needed on the challenges and opportunities that WISE face in terms of as well as their needs to strengthen health promotion and sustainability achievements. More research is needed on the public health impact of work integration social enterprises as well as on evaluating both health promotion and sustainability measures performed.

     

    Keywords: Work integration social enterprises, sustainable development, health promotion, inclusion, social participation

     

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  • 40.
    Davidsson, Wilhelmine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Hälsofrämjande arbete på Rapatac2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the health promotion work for the children and young at Rapatac from an employee perspective. A qualitative method was used. Interviews with six employees at Rapatac were conducted using semi-structured questions. Data was analyzed by coding and forming categories and subcategories. Results showed that respondents' concept of health promoting work had both similarities and differences. There was an agreement on the complexity of health promotion, on the importance of promoting safety and on the lifestyle perspective in health promotion. The organization worked in various ways to implement health promotion initiatives for children and young people through activities, education, empowerment and supportive environments. Results also pointed to the need to develop collaboration with schools and families, staff competence and resources to improve health promotion strategies. In conclusion, respondents perceived health-promoting work as complex, were aware of the ongoing health promoting work in the organization and identified potential areas for improvement.

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  • 41.
    de Rijke, Chris
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Geospatial Sciences.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Public Health Science.
    Sandberg, Mats
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
    Jiang, Bin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Geospatial Sciences.
    Living Structure as an Empirical Measurement of City Morphology2020In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, ISSN 2220-9964, Vol. 9, no 11, article id 677Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human actions and interactions are shaped in part by our direct environment. The studies of Christopher Alexander show that objects and structures can inhibit natural properties and characteristics; this is measured in living structure. He also found that we have better connection and feeling with more natural structures, as they more closely resemble ourselves. These theories are applied in this study to analyze and compare the urban morphology within different cities. The main aim of the study is to measure the living structure in cities. By identifying the living structure within cities, comparisons can be made between different types of cities, artificial and historical, and an estimation of what kind of effect this has on our wellbeing can be made. To do this, natural cities and natural streets are identified following a bottom-up data-driven methodology based on the underlying structures present in OpenStreetMap (OSM) road data. The naturally defined city edges (natural cities) based on intersection density and naturally occurring connected roads (natural streets) based on good continuity between road segments in the road data are extracted and then analyzed together. Thereafter, historical cities are compared with artificial cities to investigate the differences in living structure; it is found that historical cities generally consist of far more living structure than artificial cities. This research finds that the current usage of concrete, steel, and glass combined with very fast development speeds is detrimental to the living structure within cities. Newer city developments should be performed in symbiosis with older city structures as a whole, and the structure of the development should inhibit scaling as well as the buildings themselves.

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  • 42.
    Erik, Ölund
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Marcus, Aiehof
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Manliga elitidrottare och vilka motivationsfaktorer som påverkar deras rehabiliteringsprocess från långvariga idrottsskador2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka motivationsfaktorer som påverkar manliga elitidrottare att rehabilitera sig från en idrottsrelaterad skada som gjort att de blivit borta från sin idrott i 6 mån eller längre. För att besvara detta syfte användes tre frågeställningar: Vilka inre motivationsfaktorer påverkar manliga elitidrottare under rehabiliteringsprocessen? Vilka yttre motivationsfaktorer påverkar manliga elitidrottare under rehabiliteringsprocessen? Vilka amotivationsfaktorer påverkar manliga elitidrottare under rehabiliteringsprocessen? Metoden som användes var semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex stycken elitidrottare som var aktiva inom både lagidrott och enskilda idrotter. Analysen av intervjuerna genomfördes med hjälp av en innehållsanalys för att sedan kopplas till ett ramverk i form av Vallerands teorimodell. Modellen bestod av tre motivationskategorier som var inre motivation, yttre motivation och amotivation med tillhörande underkategorier. Resultatet visade att det var fyra huvudområden som gjorde att elitidrottare kunde motivera sig till att rehabilitera sig från en skada: Ledarnas roll, det sociala stödet, målsättning samt kärleken till idrotten. Föreningar och förbund skulle kunna lägga mer tid och pengar på att förebygga idrottsskador och underlätta en rehabiliteringsprocess för de skadade elitidrottarna. Slutsatsen blev att idrottare kan motivera sig att komma tillbaka till sin idrott efter en lång skadeperiod av många olika anledningar. Det viktigaste som framgick var det sociala stödet från familj, vänner och tränare, kort-och långsiktiga målsättningar, ledarnas intresse och delaktighet för den skadade individen samt kärleken till sin idrott.

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  • 43.
    Fernström Frisk, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Undersökning av Hudiksvalls kommuns webbaserade utbildning i hållbarhet – en kvalitativ studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Studier visade att en webbaserad utbildning kan vara att föredra för organisationer med många medarbetare och om de är geografiskt utspridda. Dock visade forskningen även på vikten av olika faktorer som spelade roll vid implementeringen av utbildningen som exempelvis stöd från organisationen och attityder hos chefer och medarbetare och vikten av att vara medveten om dessa faktorer. Syfte: Syftet med undersökningen var att undersöka chefers upplevelser kring implementeringen av den webbaserade utbildningen i hållbarhet och om de upplevde någon ökad kunskap kring begreppet hållbarhet på arbetsplatsen och hos medarbetarna. Metod: Undersökningen använde en kvalitativ metod och samlade in data genom fyra stycken intervjuer. Datamaterialet från intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades genom konventionell innehållsanalys. Resultat: Upplevelserna kring implementeringen var positiva, dock ansågs det svårt att se effekter till följd av utbildningen. Hållbarhetsarbetet ansåg viktigt och respondenterna upplevde att de redan arbetade aktivt med dessa frågor, men ansåg att det var positivt att kommunen försökte skapa en medvetenhet kring att alla enheter jobbade mot samma mål. Slutsats: Inför nästa webbaserade utbildning bör kommunen ha en tydlig strategi för implementering och utvärdering redan innan utbildningen. Även faktorer som bland annat tidsbrist, brist på utrustning bör tänkas på. Att vara tydlig med vilken målgrupp utbildningen riktar sig till kan bidra positivt till chefernas attityder kring dessa faktorer.

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  • 44.
    Frost, Daniela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Kommunala grundskolors hälsofrämjande arbete med elevers levnadsvanor: En kvalitativ studie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the health promoting work of municipal primary schools regarding students' lifestyles. The chosen method of data collection in this qualitative study was interviews. Four semi-structured interviews with Assistant primary school principals in Gävle kommun were conducted. The collected data was analyzed with a conventional content analysis to find relevant patterns, which were then coded. The main result showed that the schools worked with students' lifestyles in various ways and the health promotion work was described as permeating the entire school mission. Further results suggested that the health promotion of students' lifestyles was seen as a shared responsibility with parents or guardians. Sleep, exercise and diet were considered the most important lifestyles to promote. Results also revealed some areas in need of improvement including collaboration between schools, home and other stakeholders as well as the need for more personnel resources. The conclusion drawn from this study is that the schools were aware of their health promotion mission and efforts with students' lifestyle education as well as mindful of areas for improvement.

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  • 45.
    Geidne, Susanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Jämlik idrott och funktionsnedsättningar2019In: Idrotten och (o)jämlikheten: I medlemmarnas eller samhällets intresse? / [ed] Christine Dartsch, Johan R Norberg & Johan Pihlblad, Stockholm: Centrum för idrottsforskning , 2019, p. 133-148Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan föreningsidrotten passa alla oavsett förutsättningar? Forskning visar att föreningar måste bli bättre på att anpassa ordinarie aktiviteter, snarare än att skilja grupper åt. En jämlik idrottsrörelse kräver en mångfald av aktiviteter - alla vinner på att all organiserad idrott inte ser likadan ut.

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  • 46.
    Geidne, Susanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Sports clubs and young people with disabilities - a matter of equality?2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Movement and physical activity is one of the largest public health challenges of our time. A setting that is particularly suitable for promoting physical activity is sports clubs, which are the main setting for leisure time activities in many countries. Sports club activities have the apparent potential to promote health in a comprehensive way and to contribute to overall physical activity levels, psychosocial health as well as healthy behaviors. From an equality perspective, it is therefore worrisome that young people with disabilities participate to lesser extent than other adolescents. Research in this field have mostly focused on consequences and barriers for young people who not participate in sports. Strategies for participation and especially from an equality perspective have been studied less. This study aims to explore how young people with disabilities are involved in sports clubs and how this can be understood within a framework of equality. Methods: this empirical study from Sweden builds on four focus groups including up to five participants from regional sports federations and sports clubs in two Swedish regions. The interviews are analyzed with conceptual pairs such as equality/equity, equality/inequality, inclusion/integration, adapt sport/adapt child and prerequisites/barriers for equality. Results: results are presented about how equality is regarded concerning this target group as well as prerequisites and barriers for equality. Conclusions: it can be concluded that even though young people with disabilities hardly is a homogenous group some overall conclusions can be drawn. A solution is to go from adapting sport for disabled persons to adapting sport for all people. Sports have to be adapted to the participants, not the other way around. Equality in sport implies diversity. Diverse sport, organized differently will lead to more people doing sports for longer in life, which will benefit everyone, both individually and at the societal level. Funding: the study is funded by the Swedish research council for sport science.

  • 47.
    Gladh, Tim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Brandell, Oscar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Icke professionella idrottsmän och deras motivation att ta sig tillbaka från en allvarlig skada - en kvalitativ intervjustudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka motivationsfaktorer som är viktiga för icke professionella idrottsmän att ta sig tillbaka till ett idrottsutövande efter en allvarlig skada. För att besvara syftet användes tre frågeställningar: Vilka yttre motivationsfaktorer bidrar till motivation hos icke professionella idrottsmän att ta sig tillbaka till idrottsutövande från skada? Vilka inre motivationsfaktorer bidrar till motivation hos icke professionella idrottsmän att ta sig tillbaka till idrottsutövande från skada? Vilka negativa faktorer skapar amotivation för en icke professionell idrottsman som ska ta sig tillbaka till idrottsutövande från skada? Metod: Studien var designad som en kvalitativ intervjustudie och utformad med en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Sex stycken manliga respondenter valdes ut genom ett handplockat urval där fyra respondenter tillhörde lagidrott och två stycken tillhörde individuella idrotter. Inklusionskriterier för studien var att intervjupersonerna skulle vara 18–26 år, män och inte skulle haft någon inkomst via idrotten och att de skulle varit skadade i tre månader eller mer. Det teoretiska ramverket utgjordes av Vallerands teorimodell, där de centrala kategorierna i modellen var inre motivation, yttre motivation och amotivation. De tre centrala kategorierna användes när studiens resultat skulle analyseras. Resultat: Studiens resultat visade att de mest återkommande motivationsfaktorerna som drev den icke professionella idrottsmannen var målsättningar, socialt stöd, gemenskap och idrottslig utveckling. Resultatet visade också att det oftast krävs fler än en motivationsfaktor för att ta sig tillbaka till sin idrott och även en blandning av inre och yttre motivationsfaktorer. Slutsats: Studien påvisade att icke professionella idrottsmän utnyttjade fler än en motivationsfaktor för att motivera sig till att ta sig tillbaka till sitt idrottande efter en allvarlig skada. För att ta sig tillbaka till idrotten rekommenderas det att icke professionella idrottsmän involverar nära och kära, lagkamrater, fysioterapeut, skapa målsättningar för sin rehabilitering och sin idrottsliga utveckling. 

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  • 48.
    Grandin, Simon
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Zelic, Sebastian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar inom föreningsidrotten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar (NPF) är samlingsbegrepp för diagnoserna, ADHD, ADD, Tourettes, Asperger, Autism och språkstörning. En undersökning från Riksförbundet Attention visade att barn med NPF inom föreningsidrotten tenderar att sluta tidigare än genomsnittet med föreningsidrotten, framförallt i åldern mellan 9 – 12 år. En idrottsledare har en bidragande roll att behålla barnen med NPF inom föreningsidrotten med sitt bemötande. Att idrottsledare utbildar sig och skapar en förståelse för barnens behov i samband med NPF kan bidra med en mer tillmötesgående och positiv inställning till barn med NPF inom föreningsidrotten.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva vilken kunskap idrottsledare inom föreningsidrotten upplever att de har om barn med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar (NPF).

    Metod: Studiens design har en kvalitativ inriktning där sju idrottsledare medverkade i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Idrottsledarna är verksamma från fotboll, ishockey, innebandy, orientering, friidrott och gymnastik, där åldern inom träningsgrupperna är mellan 9 – 12 år.

    Resultat: De medverkande idrottsledarna har varierande kunskap om NPF. Erfarenhet och utbildning varierar på vilket sätt bemötandet sker inom träningsgrupperna. För att bemöta barn med NPF framhävdes tydlighet, struktur och planering som viktiga delar att ta hänsyn till. Ett fåtal av respondenterna kände sig mindre trygg i sitt ledarskap om de har vetskapen att ett barn i träningsgrupperna har NPF. Utbildning i större utsträckning om barn med NPF framkom däremot ha en stärkande effekt i hantering av situationer och bemötande till barnen. Det fanns tendenser med ett utanförskap hos barnen med NPF i träningsgrupperna, en upptäckt var dessutom föreningens påverkan och innebörden med att vara ideellt aktiv.

    Slutsats: Kunskap om att leda barn med NPF kan beskrivas som varierande hos de medverkande idrottsledarna. Det finns flera faktorer som är viktigt att tänka på när en idrottsledare möter ett barn med NPF. Utbildning kan ge idrottsledaren kunskapen att bemöta barnen med NPF fördelaktigt och att behålla barn med NPF kvar i sitt idrottsutövande.

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  • 49.
    Grönroos, Malin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Olsson, Beatrice
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Varför slutar tonåringar med idrott och organiserad fysisk aktivitet?: En systematisk litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     Idag är det välkänt att idrott och fysisk aktivitet medför många hälsovinster och positiva effekter som till exempel ökat välmående, bättre självkänsla och ett större välbefinnande. Stark evidens finns för att regelbunden fysisk aktivitet förebygger ohälsa, motverkar skador, sjukdomar, samt fetma och övervikt. Det är viktigt att barn och unga är fysiskt aktiva i tidig ålder, för att bibehålla en aktiv livsstil resten av livet. På senare år har allt fler tonåringar slutat med idrott och fysisk aktivitet. Under tonåren sker många utvecklingsprocesser både fysiskt och psykiskt vilket kan göra denna tid till en känslig period. Syfte Studiens syfte är att undersöka vilka som är de mest frekvent förekommande faktorerna som leder till att tonåringar slutar vara aktiva inom idrott och organiserad fysisk aktivitet. Metod Denna studie är en litteraturöversikt där vetenskapliga artiklar systematiskt söktes för att sammanställa forskningen till ett enhetligt resultat. Sökningarna genomfördes i databaserna: Academic search elite, Discovery och PubMed. Resultat 14 vetenskapliga artiklar inkluderades och genom resultatet kunde fyra olika teman skapas; psykosociala faktorer, fysiska faktorer, socioekonomiska faktorer och könsskillnader. Resultatet av denna litteraturöversikt redovisar att det finns flera olika faktorer som påverkade tonåringarna till att sluta med idrott och organiserad fysisk aktivitet. Slutsats Könsskillnader mellan flickor och pojkar, psykosocialt stöd från omgivningen, fysiskt och psykiskt mående och socioekonomisk status var faktorer som var mest frekvent förekommande och inverkade på ungdomars avhopp från idrotten. 

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    Varför slutar tonåringar med idrott och organiserad fysisk aktivitet?: En systimatisk litteraturöversikt. Malin Grönroos och Beatrice Olsson
  • 50.
    Gunsth, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Karlström, Lydia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Omvårdnadselevers fysiska kapacitet och motivation till träning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det vi ser idag är att de som arbetar inom vård & omsorgen är de som löper stor risk för att bli sjukskrivna på grund av belastningsskador som sker inom arbetet. Regelbunden träning och ökad fysisk kapacitet är en långsiktig lösning som kan komma att minska muskuloskeletala skador hos blivande arbetstagare inom vård & omsorgen. För att både initiera och upprätthålla fysisk aktivitet och dess hälsofördelar behöver man också fokusera på vilken motivation individen har till att vara fysiskt aktiv och till att träna.

         Syftet med studien var därför att mäta den fysiska kapaciteten hos omvårdnadselever på en gymnasieskola i Mellansverige samt att beskriva deras fysiska aktivitetsnivå. Syftet var även att beskriva vilken motivation omvårdnadseleverna har till träning.      Sju fysiska tester som ingår i Eurofit Fitness Test Battery utfördes för att mäta omvårdnadselevernas fysiska kapacitet (n=13) och en enkät fick besvaras gällande deras motivation till träning (n=17). Medelåldern på gruppen var 17,47 år (Std ± 1,28).      All data analyserades i statistikprogrammet SPSS och presenterades med hjälp av medelvärde, median och index. Den insamlade data från de fysiska testerna jämfördes med normalvärden för åldersgruppen som fanns för de enskilda testerna. Enkäten utgick delvis från EMI-2 (Exercise Motivations Inventory) och analyserades med hjälp av fem olika teman gällande motivation.        Resultaten från de fysiska testerna visade att majoriteten av omvårdnadselevernas testresultat i jämförelse med normalvärdena för åldersgruppen låg under medel. Resultaten från enkäten visade att både omvårdnadseleverna som inte tränade och de som tränade regelbundet motiverades mest av fitnessmotiv och hälsomotiv.      Då omvårdnadseleverna visade på låga resultat på de fysiska testerna skulle det vara gynnsamt för omvårdnadseleverna att utföra mer styrke- och konditionsträning. Fysisk styrka och god syreupptagningsförmåga visar tydliga kopplingar till lägre grad av muskuloskeletala besvär såsom smärta och skador i rygg, axlar och nacke. Vårdutbildningarna kan vara med och påverka genom att motivera och betona vikten av fysisk aktivitet för de elever som läser vård och omsorgsprogrammet. På så sätt kan utbildningen göra en insats till att minska sjukskrivningarna och skapa bättre förutsättningar för blivande vårdpersonal att få ett mer hållbart arbetsliv.

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