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  • 1.
    Abdulkarim, Israh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Ledarskap och hälsofrämjande processer i detaljhandelssektorn: Fallstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 2. Ahola, Marja
    et al.
    Zafar, Afnan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Relationship Between Frugal and Inclusive Innovation and Digital Employment Solutions (DES): A Review2021In: Human Interaction, Emerging Technologies and Future Applications III / [ed] Ahram T., Taiar R., Langlois K., Choplin A. (eds), Switzerland: Springer, Cham , 2021, 3, p. 398-403Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inclusive and frugal innovations are the key to managing workforce potential of the underdeveloped regions of South Asia (SA). Digital employment solutions (DES) can help to improve the targeted mobility of labour between developed and underdeveloped regions and countries. This research explores the relationship between frugal and inclusive innovations and DES. This review study analyses 16 articles to investigate this relationship. The study found direct and indirect relationships among frugal and inclusive innovations, DES and the employment situation in developed and underdeveloped regions and countries. Frugal innovations and DES may be an appropriate solution to tackle the employment problems in SA but cultural, social and economic barriers can affect the success of the overall process. Researchers and policymakers should, however, carefully evaluate the nature of target regions, the degree of cooperation and evaluation of various related barriers.

  • 3.
    Al Khatib, Bayan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering.
    Vakuumlyftverktyg för Rullborrkroneben2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sandvik Mining and Rock Technology (SMRT) manufactures various roller-cone bits that are used for rock drilling. The roller-cone bit consists of three welded cones. The cones are forged and delivered from an external supplier. The roller-cone bit’s cones are collected in an EU-table then lifted into a milling machine for processing. After the milling, the roller-cone bit’s cone is lifted again to a pattern table. Today, the method used today to lift the roller cone bit’s cones is not considered optimal for the operators. To improve the ergonomics of the operators, a vacuum lifting tool has been developed. The purpose of the work is to improve ergonomics through the lifting process of roller-cone bit cones. The goal is to develop a safer lifting tool. The lifting tool must be ergonomic and easy to use. To achieve the goal, previous research was examined on risk assessments of the working positions and standard SS-EN 13155:2009 followed. The Ovako Working Posture Analyzing System (OWAS) method was used to determine which working positions are considered most stressful for operators and needed to be addressed. The result from OWAS showed that the most stressful working position is the lifting of the roller-cone bit from the EU table. The concept, that was developed, consists of a suction pin connected to a vacuum pump with a T-piece. A pressure sensor is also connected to the t-piece to control the vacuum bar for the lifting tool. With the help of a non-return valve, the maintenance of the vacuum is ensured in case of power failure. After using the lifting tool, there will be no need to lift the roller-cone bit to load and unload the lifting strap. This means that the work positions with a high risk for load damage are going to be minimized.

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  • 4.
    Albertzeth, Gustav
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Pujawan, I. Nyoman
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Tjahjono, Benny
    Centre for Business in Society, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Mitigating transportation disruptions in a supply chain: a cost-effective strategy2020In: International Journal of Logistics, ISSN 1367-5567, E-ISSN 1469-848X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 139-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation disruptions can be damaging to a supply chain because goods may not arrive on time and this jeopardises the service level to the customers. While supply chain disruptions have gained significant attention from scholars, little has been done to explore these disruptions in the context of transportation. The study described in this paper aims to address disruptions occurring in the transportation of goods from a plant to a distribution centre. We modelled this real case to obtain insights on the effectiveness of different strategies to mitigate transportation disruptions. We evaluated four mitigation strategies and compared the outcomes in terms of service level and total costs: (1) the risk acceptance strategy, (2) the redundant stock strategy, (3) the flexible route strategy, and (4) the redundant-flexibility strategy. The results suggest that the best strategy differs depending on the budget that managers are willing to deploy to improve the service level. The simulation experiments and the use of the Incremental Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) would be instrumental in helping decision makers in selecting the best disruption mitigation strategies where the best option would likely be different under varying circumstances. 

  • 5.
    Ali, Amir
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. 971202.
    Ali, Aweys
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Mårtensson, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Effektivisering av en produktionsprocess med hjälp av värdeflödeanalys och innovativa verktyg som AI2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with today's emergence of new technology, there is high competition within the manufacturing industry, which places higher demands on today's industries to develop new strategies to withstand the fierce competition. For this reason, today's industry needs to be more efficient and is becoming increasingly digitized, which is the core of the new industrial revolution called "industry 4.0". 

    The aim of this study is to investigate, with the help of value flow analysis, new innovative tools, and principles within lean production, whether the manufacturing process can be more efficient. The study was carried out at a manufacturing company that produces dehumidifiers and has ambitions to streamline it’s manufacturing process. 

    Through the literature review, site observations, interviews and data analysis, a comparison was made with the theory to find solutions to the problems that emerged. The results of this study show that it is theoretically possible to make a manufacturing process more efficient using these methods. It can be pointed out that one important study will be to test these solutions to see what results can be achieved. 

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  • 6.
    Alieva, Jamila
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Powell, Daryl
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; SINTEF Manufacturing AS, Horten, Norway.
    The Automation of Lean Practices: Digitalized or Digitally Wasted?2021In: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology / [ed] Alexandre Dolgui, Alain Bernard, David Lemoine, Gregor von Cieminski, David Romero, Springer , 2021, p. 651-661Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean manufacturing has experienced massive changes under the influence of Industry 4.0, with the automation of lean practices becoming common among manufacturing companies in many countries and different industries. Automating lean practices promises a number of opportunities for growth and competitiveness. One of the key advantages of lean automation has been acknowledged to be the significant reduction of waste. Meanwhile, there is also discussion of a new form of waste: digital waste. However, do companies consider digital waste a part of production waste? It is also unclear if automation of lean practices is a trigger for digital waste with a negative impact on value creation. This paper aims to investigate companies with automated lean practices and the particular case of digital waste in automated processes. The research is based on case studies of manufacturing based in Sweden.

  • 7.
    Alieva, Jamila
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Powell, Daryl
    SINTEF Manufacturing AS, Horten, Norway; Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    The Significance of Digital Waste in the Automation of Lean Practices2023In: Quality Management Journal, ISSN 1068-6967, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 121-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean manufacturing has experienced massive changes under the influence of Industry 4.0 as the automation of lean practices has become common among manufacturing companies in many countries and across different industries. Automating lean practices promises several opportunities for growth and competitiveness. One of the acknowledged key advantages of lean automation has been the significant reduction of waste. Meanwhile, there is also discussion of a new form of waste: digital waste. However, do companies consider digital waste a part of production waste? It is also unclear if the automation of lean practices is a trigger for digital waste with a negative impact on value creation. This paper aims to investigate companies with automated lean practices and the digital waste generated by these practices. The research is based on three case studies of manufacturing companies based in Sweden. The originality of the study identifies and highlights the significance of various forms of digital waste, which is of academic and practical relevance. The study indicates that there is digital waste in supplier-related lean practice—automated JIT delivery—specifically in product-oriented and service-oriented technologies. There is digital waste in internally related lean practice—automated set-up—specifically in process-oriented technologies. Finally, there is digital waste in customer-related lean practice—digitally involved customers—in product-, service-, and process-oriented technologies.

  • 8.
    Alieva, Jamila
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Powell, Daryl John
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    The significance of employee behaviours and soft management practices to avoid digital waste during a digital transformation2023In: International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, ISSN 2040-4166, E-ISSN 2040-4174, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceived effects between soft management practices, employee behaviours and the implementation of digital technologies in manufacturing plants, as well as how these relate to the emergence of digital waste.

    Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses case-based research. Data was collected in two large manufacturing companies based in Norway and Sweden through semi-structured interviews with two management representatives and four shop-floor employees. The data was used to evaluate 29 variables describing lean- and total quality management (TQM)-associated employee behaviours and soft management practices, in light of digital transformation.

    Findings: The results suggest that several variables were positively influenced by the digital transformation process. These were top management leadership, middle management involvement, employee education, corporate social responsibility focus, innovation, knowledge sharing, work-family balance, psychological capital, job satisfaction and career commitment. Training employees, creativity, discretionary effort, turnover intention and proactivity appear to be negatively influenced by digital transformation The findings also indicate that several soft management practices and employee behaviours were not only influenced by manufacturing digitalization but also themselves influenced the process. The potential for digital waste creation was also detected in several variables, including reward and recognition and training employees.

    Practical implications: Managers, practitioners and academics may learn about the importance of certain managerial practices and employees’ behavioural needs during the digital transformation process. The findings may help in prioritizing TQM and soft lean management practices and certain employee behaviours during the digital transformation and in creating awareness of digital waste.

    Originality/value: This study builds on several existing studies discussing the impact of digital transformation on soft management practices and employee behaviours. It provides insights from a lean and TQM angle and offers a means of prioritizing certain practices and behaviours during a digital transformation. This study also highlights the significance of digital waste. 

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  • 9.
    Alieva, Jamila
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Digital collaboration within the supply chain: new booster for hidden lean potential2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the hidden lean potential exposed by manufacturers’ usage of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. The potential can be classified into three types: unlocked lean potential in a connected ERP system, unlocked lean potential in an un-connected ERP system, and the lean potential for further unlocking in companies that do not use ERP systems when collaborating with suppliers/customers. Empirical data is obtained from two cases of manufacturing companies in Sweden and one ERP system company. The findings indicate that hidden lean potential can be unlocked through digital collaboration within the supply chain.

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  • 10.
    Alieva, Jamila
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Digital collaboration within the supply chain: unlocking the hidden lean potential2021In: International Journal of Advanced Operations Management (IJAOM), ISSN 1758-938X, E-ISSN 1758-9398, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration in a supply chain plays an important role for manufacturing companies that are simultaneously implementing lean and running enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. This research aims to discover whether the usage of ERP at a supply chain level can boost internal hidden lean potential. Empirical data were obtained from three manufacturing cases in Sweden. The results show that ERP technology usage has a significant impact on discovering hidden lean potential of three types: unlocked hidden lean potential in an unconnected ERP system, unlocked hidden lean potential in a connected ERP system, and unlocked hidden lean potential in a shared ERP system. The findings indicate manufacturers should devote more effort to ensuring active usage of ERP systems internally as well as externally with their customers and suppliers. The transparency and collaboration provided by an ERP system will help these companies become leaner.

  • 11.
    Alieva, Jamila
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    DIGITAL MUDA - THE NEW FORM OF WASTE BY INDUSTRY 4.0.2019Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 12.
    Alieva, Jamila
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Digital Muda - The New Form of Waste by Industry 4.02020In: Proceeding International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management (OSCM), ISSN 2407-2273, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 269-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean management is an approach where value is created through the reduction of waste. Eight forms of waste were identified by the Toyota Company as worth considering while managing an efficient production process: overproduction, waiting, transport, over processing, inventory, movement, defects, and unused creativity. Modern manufacturing plants are being transformed by Industry 4.0, the fourth industrial revolution, which promotes a wide variety of technological solutions to increase innovativeness and competitive advantages. Technological solutions are created on the basis of data that must be analyzed to enable manufacturers to be more strategic in the decision-making process and generate new profit channels through data analytics. A conceptual framework was developed to investigate if the inefficient usage of data has a negative impact on manufacturing performance through the decision-making process. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in two leading manufacturing companies in Sweden that are following lean principles. A new form of waste, digital waste, was defined. This paper suggests considering digital waste as a new type of muda (waste), which is its theoretical contribution. From a practical perspective, the results of the paper encourage practitioners to pay extra attention to data analytics, work on the reduction of digital waste and establish new revenue channels based on data analysis. Download full PDF  Get metrics  Rate article

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  • 13.
    Alieva, Jamila
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Waste under the impact of digital technologies: Evidence from European manufacturing survey (EMS)2022In: The proceedings of the 29th international EurOMA conference, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on European Manufacturing Survey collected in 2019 for five countries -Sweden, Spain, Croatia, Austria, and Slovenia. The study reveals that majority of companieshave technologies that allow them automatically to collect data. Companies are also using thedata for different purposes, and often more than one purposes. We also found that many ofcommonly used digital technologies are also associated with automatically collected data.Although the literature suggests that ignorance of data collection may lead to defects, we findno connection to actual waste in this study.

  • 14.
    Allabwani, Omar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Problemidentifiering och lösningskonstruktion för fixering av rör i skärmaskin2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work aims to identify the challenges of the process of cutting pipe samples with the current cutting machine at Sandvik Materials Technology SMT. The purpose is to create a design that avoids the identified problems.

    The design aims to improve the quality of the piece that is cut from the pipe before examining it by the material testing machine (stress /strain testing) that checks the quality of the produced tubes of Sandvik Factory before selling.

    The new design is expected to reduce the number of defective pieces. It will also make the work easier, faster, and more precise. Currently, the pipes are of various diameters and lengths are secured by clamps driven by pneumatic cylinder. These clamps hold a pipe by each end. Then the pipe is placed on a water table where a water jet cuts the test piece.

    After observation and interviewing with customers, the problems were identified. We realized that the existing mechanism was very complicated, and a new mechanism was needed.

    Three proposals were developed. These proposals were evaluated by using a Pugh matrix and the best proposal was selected.

    The chosen solution requires : a balanced movable table which moves up and down by a waterproof electrically- linear actuator, a V-shaped piece fixed to the table that fits pipes of various diameters and lengths, a pneumatic cylinder which clamps the pipe and secures it in place.

    An alternative solution was to improve the current fixture, but the customer want-ed to focus on developing a completely new concept. An important factor in the concept development was that the fixture must be able to function in an unique environment of a water bath with sand. This environment entails major limitations regarding the choice of materials and machine elements. Two support legs were developed to reduce the bureau loss effect when the table goes up or down due to the weight not evenly distributed on the table surface. During the development concept, the need was identified for a sensor that can ensure that the table is lowered to the correct level. Selection of the sensor requires automation knowledge, this is why it was eliminated from the work. This new mechanism ensures securing the pipe in place and reduces the number of required actions in the process. This leads to reduction of the defects in the test piece. The new design is simpler, faster, requires less space and is more precise.

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  • 15.
    Almira, Memic
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Aida, Osmanovic
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Utformning av en ankomstkontroll: Möjligheter och utmaningar som en ankomstkontroll kan ge industriföretag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies strive to develop their arrival controls in an effective way as arrivals controls have proven to be significant for the companies. This is grounded in the fact that arrival controls improve the flow of production and minimize the risk for production errors since the controls enable an effective management of the company’s products and materials. Not establishing these controls consequently often leads to production default, stress and increased expenses. Nonetheless, many companies choose not to implement arrival controls because such implementations are accompanied by large costs. Furthermore, they require space, which smaller companies do not have.

    The purpose of this study is, through the analysis of previous literature and interaction with a local company, examine how efficient arrival controls can be structured. Additionally, this study aspires through, improvement proposals, to aid Munters AB in the construction of arrival controls.

    This is a qualitative case study conducted at Munters AB in Tobo. Empirical data was accumulated through semi-structured interviews, analytical observations and consistent visits to the company.

    Arrival controls are of significant importance for companies and the absence of such are undoubtly damaging for the company. This is evidential in the interviews, where both the quality director and the Lean coordinator were aware of the company’s shortcomings in this area. Further findings show that all workers in the production department experienced continuous defects in every day production and therefore hoped for an implementation of arrival controls. In conclusion the study found that Munters AB is in urgent need of arrival controls. However, in order for such an implementation to be as effective as possible, the company needs to utilize different methods, tools and system and crucial forward planning in production. 

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    Ankomstkontroll
  • 16.
    Alonso-Logroño, María Pilar
    et al.
    Universitat de Lleida, Spain.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain.
    Tendencias de investigación en Geografía Económica. Estudio bibliométrico de la Web of Science (1920-2020).: Research trends in Economic Geography. Bibliometric study of the Web ofScience (1920-2020)2022In: Revista de Estudios Andaluces, ISSN 0212-8594, no 43, p. 188-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the first tasks to tackle any scientific publication is to review all the scientific literature on the subject. This article presents a methodology that allows analyzing scientific trends in a discipline through a bibliometric analysis. Specifically, the field of Economic Geography is used as a case study, Web of Science (WoS) has been chosen as the database for this analysis. With a set of 4,307 publications, various bibliometric indicators are analyzed, such as the evolution of scientific production, the agents involved (countries and organizations) and topics addressed, in order to see the evolution of the scientific output and the thematic specializations of Economic Geography from 1920 to the present.

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  • 17.
    Amanda, Persson
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Sara, Kronander Philipson
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    En analys av hur förbättringsprocesser kan bli en naturlig del i företagskulturen.: En studie av två förbättringsprocesser inom ett fallföretag2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies competing in the global markets are constantly exposed to the market pressure regarding differentiation from competitors and contribute to development. To be able to create competitive advantages and handle the markets expectations, companies are required to develop both processes and employees. A well-established strategy is Toyota's methodology, widely used since Toyata is regarded being a market leader. Since many companies have difficulties achieving Toyota's success, Mike Rother developed the concept Toyota Kata, which focuses on how management can develop a transparent corporate culture of continuous improvements. Mike Rother considers that the concept Toyota Kata is applicable regardless of the industry, although research is limited regarding implementation of Toyota Kata in service businesses, since the majority of research and literature are based of manufacturing companies.

    The purpose of this thesis is accordingly to analyze how service businesses are able to create a corporate culture with improvement processes being naturally implemented. By comparing two real improvement processes and investigate how the implementation of Toyota Kata can enable continuous improvements in service businesses improvement processes, the purpose will be answered.

    The results show many improvement areas regarding the company's improvement processes. The recurring weaknesses in both processes are that they were not naturally implemented in the company, recurring problems, resistance from the coworker and inexplicit goals.

    The study conclude that Toyota Kata contributes to effective improvement processes. However, requirements are placed on the company’s commitment to create a new corporate culture. Toyota Kata can also be combined with Kaizen-workshop and PDCA, to achieve a greater impact. To deeply understand the implementation of Toyota Kata in service businesses, more studies have to be conducted in the field which is based on analysis of service businesses who has implemented Toyota Kata in their workplace.

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  • 18.
    Amaya, Rosa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design.
    Pine Flour: En hållbar livsmedelsprodukt2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is design solutions that result in one or more prototypes that show that pine flour is an alternative in the food industry. The raw material used is damaged pine such as bluewood or pinewood that is left over from sawmills.

    For pine to be consumed as food, it must undergo a fermentation process that changes the chemical structure of cellulose, which is the main active ingredient in wood, into fiber digestible by humans. A bromatological analysis was carried out, which is a basic analysis carried out on food to determine its nutritional properties, giving results indicating that human consumption of pine flour is possible. The laboratory is certified according to the international standard ISO/IEC 17025:2017.

    The project follows the material driven design method and the steps in a classic circular design development process, from research, idea generation to a final prototype.

    The thesis resulted in Pine Flour. A versatile flour that can be used as a new flour in the food industry. To demonstrate the capabilities of pine flour, a by-product Crunchy Blue flakes was also created, which is flakes of pine flour with bluewood.

    Pine flour has many nutritional benefits because its main component is fiber, and blued wood contains protein, creating a food of high nutritional quality. Sweden would become a healthy flour producer where each region could produce its own flour with its own qualities depending on the characteristics of different pine trees. Without attacking the ecosystem and thus Sweden becomes a self-sufficient country that benefits from local production in a sustainable context

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  • 19.
    Aminzoui, Abla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Vikten av kommunikation med inköpsavdelning: En studie ur medarbetarperpektiv i en fastighetsbolag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purchasing function has become a strategic position for most companies. Activity in an organization cannot be performed without the presence of the information, which means that communication is important for being able to perform a task or activity. Communication related to the purchasing process has been investigated at Gavlegårdarna, a real estate company located in Gävle. In this work, Gavlegårdarna wanted to examine whether there is an opportunity to improve communication and investigate factors that lead to a lack of communication. The purpose of this study was to get a general image and increase understanding of factors that affect communication. The study is based on a case study, where one interview took place in the purchasing department and a questionnaire sent out to people who work daily with purchasing function.

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    Examensarbete
  • 20.
    Aminzoui, Abla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Knapp, Joacim
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Validation and Ranking of Challenges in Digital Transformation towards Industry 4.0: a multi-case study in Swedish manufacturing SMEs2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Master thesis
  • 21.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design.
    Turesson, Evelina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design.
    Venusa: Design av bekväma, estetiska och hållbara trosor.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This degree project is about designing sustainable, comfortable and aesthetically pleasingunderwear. The market does not currently offer many options for those who want to feelattractive and comfortable at the same time. Users have a hard time finding the perfect fit,since sizing systems are problematic. In addition, most panties are made of non sustainabletextiles, which does not live up to users wishes. In this essay we investigate which factorsinfluence panty fit, as well as an exploration of materials to find a suitable proposal forunderwear. The process is based upon a user-focused approach. We worked closely togetherwith a focus group and arranged a large quantitative study of users needs and preferences.

    This resulted in the thong Venusa, in sizes XS-XL, made out of ribbed Tencel™ fabric. Thethong has a differently designed crotch to better fit women’s genitals. The seams aresewn on the outside of the fabric, to avoid chafing against skin and placed for the bestcomfort possible. While developing the concept and making decisions we have relied onour requirement specification as well as the goal to create sustainable, comfortable andaesthetically pleasing underwear.

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    Venusa
  • 22.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    GO!: En digital produkt för sundare skärmvanor2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 23.
    Andersson, Jesper
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Englund, Max
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Effektivisering och flödeskartläggning: En jämförelse av arbetsflöden i ett industriserviceföretag2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: To stay relevant, it is required that companies work with continuous improvements.Finding inefficiencies is not always easy. One way to try to find inefficiencies is throughflow mapping. This study examines what causes inefficient activities for industrial servicecompanies.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate how a workflow at an industrial servicecompany can be made more efficient with the help of flow mapping.

    Method: The study is conducted through a case study at a service industry company that maintainsand repairs motors and frequency converters. Flow mapping was used to map activitiesin the workflow and literature was collected to be able to conduct a flow mappingcorrectly. Interviews and observations have been used to support the flow mapping.

    Results: The company has two service workshops that have similar activities in their flow. Evenso, one of the workflows is more efficient than the other. Based on the comparison of theworkflows, inspiration has been used to adjust the workflow for the frequency converterworkshop. Using flow mapping and methods from lean, a future flow map has beencreated where non-value-added activities have been eliminated.

    Conclusion: Based on the results, several improvement proposals have been drawn up for thecompany's workshops. Industrial service companies can use flow mapping and VSM toeliminate non-value-added activities. Lean tools can be used to create order and structurethat lead to shorter lead times. 

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    fulltext
  • 24.
    Andersson Nissar, Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Digital Transformation: Prerequsitites for a digital business model2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper investigates the need from two different stakeholders, in the purpose to formulate prerequisites for a digital business model that are in line with a digital transformation strategy. The paper contains qualitative and quantitative research methods to gather data. The scope of the research was to create a digital business model with business model innovation with input from two stakeholder and data from customers. To create a basis for the research a literature review was executed on the keywords business models, business model innovation, digital transformation, digital transformation strategy, business process management, stakeholder management, customer relations and transport management. Findings showed one digitized business model and one digitalized business model that fits a digital transformation with cooperation between stakeholders.

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  • 25.
    Andersson, Paulina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Älskar, älskar inte: En studie om emotionell design från teori till praktik2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has focused on exploring the concept of emotionally durable design in theory and practice to investigate and exemplify how emotionally durable design can be used as a strategic tool in order to prolong product lifetime, and thus slow down the rapid consumption rate for ecological sustainability reasons. Consumption is a vital part of the global economy, but with the rapid consumption rate we maintain today, the earth’s resources are consumed at a faster pace than they have time to recreate. Many products are replaced long before their technical lifetime has come to an end, which contributes to growing waste volumes and overconsumption. Information has been gathered through theoretical and qualitative studies, and two product proposals that demonstrate how emotionally durable design can be applied in practice are presented. The report processes value-adding factors in products, which have the potential to promote the emergence of emotional bonds between user and product, and exemplifies how these factors can look like and work in different products. The report also briefly addresses the causes of early replacement of products to provide clues as to what mechanisms may influence users’decisions in the replacement process. The thesis has also contributed new knowledge in emotionally durable design, in the form of additional identified value-adding factors, which may be of benefit to other designers.

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    fulltext
  • 26.
    Andrén, Emil
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Helsing, Jesper
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Anpassning av förpackningar till e-handel: Fallstudie på ett marknadsledande detaljhandelsföretag2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk e-handel noterade år 2020 den högsta tillväxten sedan mätningarnas start. Digitaliseringens utbredande bland den stora befolkningen ses som den stora orsaken till e-handels exponentiella tillväxt, vilket prognostiseras fortsätta växa nästkommande år. E-handelns tillväxtpotential skapar både möjligheter och utmaningar. Många av möjligheterna handlar om trotsade distansbarriärer. Utmaningarna hittas bland annat i att möta kundernas krav på korta ledtider, vilket är ett av områdena som förpackningar kan underlätta. Dessutom utgör förpackningar inom e-handel kundbemötandet eftersom de är det första och enda fysiska bemötandet företaget får med konsumenten. 

    Studien har utförts på ett sportrelaterat fallföretag inom detaljhandeln. Fallföretagets e-handel har likt övriga branschen ökat enormt senaste åren vilket fångat deras intresse om hur deras förpackningar kan anpassas bäst till e-handeln. Fallföretaget har identifierat fyra faktorer vilka de anser påverkar förpackningens prestanda; funktionalitet, miljö, kundupplevelse och kostnad. 

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur förpackningar kan anpassas till e-handel utifrån faktorerna funktionalitet, miljö, kundupplevelse och kostnad. Detta ska ligga till grund för att ge förbättringsförslag till fallföretagets fortsatta arbete med e-handelsförpackningar. För att besvara syftet har intervjuer och litteraturstudier genomförts. Genom litteraturstudierna har teori om e-handel och förpackningslogistik identifierats och via intervjuerna har nuläget presenterats och brister samt förbättringsområden insamlats. Litteraturen påvisar viktiga funktionskategorier för e-handelsförpackningar vilka är logistikfunktioner, marknadsfunktioner och miljöfunktioner. De brister som framkom från fallföretaget var kommunikations-, materialåtgångs- och kostnadsmätningsbrister. 

    Studien mynnar ut i sju aspekter som anses viktiga vid anpassning av förpackningar inom e-handel vilka är att; maximera fyllnadsgraden, att skydda varan och vara slittålig, stödja retursystemet, utnyttja kommunikationsfunktionen, minska materialåtgången, öka hanterbarheten och utforma förpackningen för återanvändning. Utifrån dessa faktorer kan fallföretaget fortsätta utveckla sina e-handelsförpackningar. 

    Det teoretiska bidraget av studien är en utvecklad kostnadsmodell där en ny parameter har identifierats. Studiens praktiska bidrag till fallföretaget är att utveckla kommunikationsfunktionen, analysera förpackningskostnaden holistiskt samt att använda en förpackningsprocess som bättre kan anpassa förpackningarna till produkterna. 

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  • 27.
    Arell, Isac
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design.
    Svammel: Spelifierad talpedagogik2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet hade som syfte att hjälpa personer med diagnosen dyspraxi, mer specifikt oral dyspraxi. Oral dyspraxi yttrar sig som problematik medatt koordinera munrörelser vilket kan leda till svårigheter att prata tydligt och därmed även saker som svårigheter att kommunicera med andra och talgenans. Dyspraxi yttrar sig som tydligast hos unga barn då dessa ännu inte hunnit utveckla metoder för att dölja sin funktionsnedsättning.

    I projektet uppstod idén att denna problematik kunde hjälpas genom att skapa motivation och glädje i talpedagogiksessioner som annars kan kännas som utdragna för det barn som genomgår dem. Denna tanke ledde till efterforskning kring gamification och resulterade i ett brädspel som används av barnet med dyspraxi ihop med en talpedagog baserat på talpedagogikmetoden Rapid Syllable Transition Treatment. Brädspelet ficknamnet svammel utifrån de nonsensord som förekommer inom RapidSyllable Transition Treatment.

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  • 28.
    Arnaryd, Moa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design.
    En kulturell ekosystemtjänst för stadsmiljö2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete har handlat om att designa en kulturell ekosystemtjänst för urban miljö. Kulturella ekosystemtjänster kan beskrivas som de tjänster naturen ger oss som har en positiv inverkan på vår hälsa (Naturskyddsföreningen, 2021). Exempelvis så mår vi människor bra av att vistas i naturen då det minskar stress och ger oss ro. I och med att Sverige är ett land som fortsätter att urbaniseras så behöver dessa ekosystemtjänster implementeras även i städerna. Stadsgrönska har länge haft en bevisad betydelse för stadsbornas hälsa (Stigsdotter, 2005). Det kan vara allt från parker och skolgårdar till trädgårdar som tillhör hus.Trots att det finns mycket forskning som pekar på att grönska i stadsområden påverkar människors hälsa positivt så finns det fortfarande en viss problematik kring hur grönytor ska planeras och utformas för att attrahera stadsborna. Genom litteraturstudier, intervjuer, enkäter och observationer har jag försökt komma fram till ett svar på just denna fråga - Hur skapar man en grönyta som attraherar stadsborna?

    Något som jag upptäckte genom min process var att många endast besöker grönytor på våren och sommaren för att de upplever utomhusmiljön på vintern som kall, grå och tråkig. Därför såg jag att det fanns ett behov av att skapa en utemiljö som är trivsam under alla årstider. En viktig del i mitt koncept blev därför de vintergröna växterna som möjliggör just detta. Både genom sitt estetiska värde och sitt rekreationsvärde, samt genom alla andra ekosystemtjänster som växterna ger oss. En annan viktig del av detta koncept är de uppvärmda bänkarna som gör platsen trivsam och tillgänglig under alla årstider. Konceptet i sin helhet skapar liv i en annars bortglömd men mycket vacker och betydelsefull plats för hamnstaden Gävle.

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  • 29.
    Ascic, Ivana
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Ascic, Josip
    Jönköping University.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Jönköping University.
    Pimenta, Marcio Lopes
    Federal University of Uberlandia, Brazil.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    LUT University, Finland; Estonian Maritime Academy, Tallinn University of Technology (Taltech).
    An evaluation of critical capabilities and improvement areas for competitive manufacturing in a developed country environment2022In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 11, article id 6678Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research evaluates the critical capabilities and improvement areas for competitive manufacturing in a developed-country environment. A multiple-case-study approach is applied, consisting of three manufacturing firms located in Sweden. The case study combines both quantitative and qualitative evaluations of the critical capabilities found in the extant literature. The research reveals fifteen critical capabilities and sixteen improvement areas for competitive manufacturing in a developed-country environment. The results show that the firms develop capabilities in a cumulative manner, starting with cost and quality, continuing with time and flexibility, and finally trying to improve innovation and sustainability. To develop competitive manufacturing operations in developed counties, it is therefore vital to improve capabilities related to time, flexibility, innovation, or sustainability. Irrespective of the targeted capabilities, they must contribute to cost-efficient operations and high quality must always be maintained. The efforts to develop capabilities related to innovation and sustainability may be expensive in the short term, however they can provide better cumulative results and competitiveness in the long term. 

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    fulltext
  • 30.
    Asgodom, Aaron
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering.
    Effektivisering av materialflöde i mellanlagerför stångstål2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Damasteel manufactures damascus steel using a process of powder metallurgy steelmanufacturing, which is done through a gas atomization process. Due to the growthof Damasteel's business, the company has purchased a new premises next to its production facility. The intention with new premises is that it will become the new intermediate warehouse and replace the current one. Therefore, it has been rebuiltand is now equipped with a larger storage space and handling equipment. In the current intermediate warehouse, there are problems with item placement, due to thembeing placed without regard to the frequency of their consumption. There is also anissue with various items sometimes being misplaced which leads to workers pickingthe wrong material for a certain order. This can only be detected after processingthe material.The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how the new intermediate warehouse canenable more efficient material handling, material flow and traceability. The objective of this thesis is to develop and conduct item placement based on frequencyplacement and consumption. A labelling system will be implemented for efficientbatch identification, traceability and short-bit sorting. To achieve the objective andpurpose of this thesis, a literature review was conducted on material flow, workingmethods in manufacturing companies and ABC-classification. With the help of theinformation produced from the literature review, an observation was able to be conducted. Which was then followed by a current situation analysis of the workingmethods within the current intermediate warehouse and the new intermediatewarehouse. Through the method of double ABC-classification, the higher ranked articles that should be paid attention, could be sorted. In accordance with the classification, a short-term improvement proposal could be produced. It consists of strategic article placement and labelling on the bars and cantilever racks to allow efficientmaterial flow and less stress for the workers. Long-term improvement proposalsconsist of long goods paternoster that would entail efficient storage space utilizationand then can be supplemented with a roll rack if it is considered necessary.Item classification was carried out with consumption and withdrawal frequency datafrom the year 2021, only because previous years data could not be obtained. TheABC-analysis results can be different if data consisting of several years is used. Withthe help of item classification, the size of safety stock and the tied-up capital can bereduced, which can enable better inventory space utilization. The current situationanalysis can be insufficient since the executor lacks previous experience in inventorymanagement. The item placement can be evaluated in later stages when data consisting of several year’s usage can be obtained. Lifetime cost of paternoster in relationto the needs and revenue of the enterprise should be investigated. 

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  • 31.
    Asplund, Adrian
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Persson, Mathias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Förändrad lagerlayout för ökad leveranssäkerhet: En fallstudie med hänsyn till den faktiska efterfrågan på Smurfit Kappa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The purpose of the safety stock is to compensate customers uncertain forecasts. The task of operations is to be able to cover up customers fluctuations in demand. By being able to maintain a stable and competition strong delivery performance results in a safety stock to be used, however, it entails tied-up capital. The case the company has an ambition to produce larger quantities and then store it on an external warehouse that the authors have chosen to call the safety stock.  

    Purpose: The problem of actual demand is that research questions usually take into account normal demand. By trying to fill the knowledge gap, we arrive at this purpose. The purpose is to investigate how actual demand influences the design of stock layout in order to achieve the desired delivery reliability.

    Method: To be able to answer the purpose and our questions, an abductive approach has been used where theory collection has taken place from literature and articles while empirical data is collected from the case company Smurfit Kappa. During the collection of empiricism, interviews and observations have been carried out. The collected findings have been discussed with the theory to answer the purpose and questions and lead to our conclusions.

    Findings: In the current situation, the case produces the company only against client orders and that there are no products in stock. This will result in delivery times of between 8 – 9 weeks and delivery security. An existing surface is available today to create a safety layer, there is also the possibility of a larger space if desired.

    Conclusion: With a safety stock, the case company will be able to deliver the actual demand while reducing its delivery times and increasing delivery reliability.

     

    Keywords: safety stock, demand, external inventory.

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  • 32.
    Axelsson, Ellen
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Deliverylösningen: En förpackningslösning för Max.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Detta examensarbete är ett designuppdrag som jag själv tillsammans med hamburgerkedjan Max kommit på briefen till. Arbetets huvudsakliga syfte har varit att ta fram en ny deliverylösning (En förpackning som ska vara anpassad till upphämtningen utav Max produkter) detta utifrån ett brett perspektiv på kunden, den som packar maten, och vart förpackningen kommer att hamna i slutskredet. Examensarbetet handlar om hur jag gick från idé till första testbara prototyp för att se på funktion, samt en ny design kring det rent estetiska, mjuka värdena. I det fortsatta arbetet i den verkliga världen så skulle oftast ändringar krävts på produkten efter att den första prototypen blivit framställd, men det är något som inte rymdes inom tidsramen för detta examensarbete. 

    Idag så ser den nuvarande deliverylösningen ut som den gjort i cirka 10 års tid. Den är liksom många andra snabbmatskedjors och resurangers deliveryförpackning bestående utav en papperskasse och en mugghållare. Detta behöver uppdateras då det i dagens Covidsamhälle förekommer mycket oftare att kunder beställer hem maten istället för att sitta och äta på resturangen. Detta leder till att behovet efter en tidsenlig lösning som även uppfyller fler behov än att endast "Ta med sig" önskas. 

    Arbetet har drivits av en designprocess där research, enkäter, marknadsanalyser och observationer har gjorts för att identifiera behoven hos användaren. I enkäten så framkom det olika behov som efterfrågades, bland annat handtag, hålla värmen bättre än den nuvarande lösningen, bättre anpassad till dagens sophantering/återvinningssystem samt att den ska vara mer miljövänlig. Utifrån den insamlade datan så utformades tre stycken lösningar utifrån de kartlagda behoven både från användarna i personalen på Max samt den slutgiltiga användaren som köpt hem mat. De tre koncepten utvärderades utifrån vilka behov som uppfylldes samt genom tankar och råd från min handledare och Max huvudkontorsavdelning, för att komma framåt i processen och välja ett koncept att fortsätta med. 

    Detta resulterade i en produkt som är en deliveryförpackning som möter användarnas och kundernas krav och önskemål samt att den har ett från vaggan till graven tänk. De slutgiltiga resultatet är testat på plats i en resturang för att se om den fungerar i drift samt för att se vad de tyckte om deliveryförpackingen. 

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    Deliverylösningen
  • 33.
    Axelsson, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering.
    Utöka Afrys kundkrets med hjälp av tjänstedesign2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete har gjorts i samarbete med Afry som är ettinternationellt ingenjörs- och design företag. Afry uttryckte att deville lägga upp en ny markandsföringsplan för att nå fler kunder. Idagsläget är majoriteten av deras kunder från den offentliga sektornoch vill nu istället öka mängden kunder från den privata sektorn.Arbetet utfördes under sektionen på Afry som heter project management som utför bland annat konsultuppdrag inom bygg ochanläggning där Afry bidrar med projektledning. De kunder som jagvalt att fokusera på i detta arbete har varit styrelsemedlemmar i bostadsrättsföreningar. Arbetet angreps ur ett tjänstedesign perspektivdär uppgiften blev att lära känna nuvarande och potentiella kunderför att ta reda på deras behov. Syftet var att förbättra kundrelationmellan Afry och bostadsrättsföreningar för att öka Afrys kundkrets. Detta gjorde genom att bland annat intervjua både potentiell ochnuvarande kunder hos Afry. Det gjordes även observationer av styrelsemöten för att få en inblick i hur deras arbete går till. All data somsamlades in analyserades och visualiserades och resulterade i beteendetyper som visar hur olika typer av ordförande agerar och vad devärdesätter i olika situationer. Det gjordes även fler antalet kundresor för att visa hur en styrelse i en bostadsrättsföreningar verkar ochhur beslut tas. Det togs även fram tre olika koncept för nya tjänstersom skulle locka nya kunder till Afry. Resultaten visar att hur föreningar ställer sig till olika frågor och behov beror dels på föreningensstorlek men även på vilka personligheter och kompetenser styrelsenbesitter. 

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  • 34.
    Ayoubi, Hilal
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Maher Ali, Ali
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Förståelsen om FN:s globala hållbarhetsmål: Hur arbetar småföretag med FN:s globala hållbarhetsmål2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The biggest challenge of the time today is climate change and its negative effects. One reason for many cases of political inequality, health risks and human rights inequalities is consumption and production patterns that lead to environmental degradation and injustice. Statistics from the Swedish Agency for Growth (2020) have shown that almost half of Swedish industry works with sustainable work. On the other hand, however, it is important to observe that the work towards sustainable development has expanded and become increasingly complicated to meet the latest conditions. 

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how highly the smaller companies value the UN's Global Sustainability Goals 12.4 in two different industries, and how they actively work to improve that work. The purpose has been fulfilled by the authors conducting interviews with two case companies, thus the authors have conducted a literature study in areas considered relevant. The study identified two key factors, the first key factor being that Gästrike Ekogas does not work on the basis of the global goals and therefore does not have values. In order to improve the work in sustainability, it has also been demonstrated that the business lacks resources. The other key factor identified by the authors is that St:Erik's vision is that they should be the obvious choice in sustainable community building, which indicates a lot that they have a serious value about sustainability. They also have the environment as a focus area, and which they work with constantly. As the business takes into account the chemical emissions and its consequences, and that St:Eriks also works constantly to reduce these emissions with the help of resources that exist within the business and with the help of third parties. 

    It has also been demonstrated that the activities in question should have the capability to combine new technologies, changes to practices, with new business models. In order for businesses to fortunately adopt and implement sustainable consumption and production, it is basically about demanding change in the organization's vision and education. Since St:Erik's products have a long lifespan, it was very important for them to relate to the UN's 12th global goals as it includes production and consumption.

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  • 35.
    Aytac, Selenay
    et al.
    Long Island University, NY, USA.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Orduña-Malea, Enrique
    Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, Spain.
    Tran, Clara Y.
    Stony Brook University, NY, USA.
    Contribution of carbon footprint research towards the triple bottom line of sustainability2023In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, ISSN 0944-1344, E-ISSN 1614-7499, Vol. 30, p. 88331-88349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon footprint (CF) research has received increasing attention in recent years, as evidenced by a rise in publications and citations, reflecting a growing concern for the environmental impact of human activities. However, the alignment of this scientific literature with the three dimensions of sustainability performance provided by the TBL paradigm (people, planet, and profit) has received limited attention. This study addresses this research gap by undertaking a large-scale bibliometric analysis of 9032 Web of Science (WoS) publications from 1992 to 2020. At the macro (journals) and micro (papers) levels, a methodology approach to classify research publications according to TBL dimensions was designed. The results indicate that the output and impact of CF research are balanced with respect to the environmental (planet) and economic (prosperity/profit) dimensions, while the social impact is balanced with respect to the people+profit dimensions. Other than that, “Affordable and Clean Energy” (3761 publications) and “Climate Action” (3091 publications) are the most frequently represented (and interconnected) objectives. The results obtained contribute to a greater understanding of the contribution of CF research to the attainment of the SDGs.

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  • 36.
    Barath, Christian
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Amini, Nasrollah
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Produktinformationens inverkan på returer inom e-handel: Fallstudie på tre företag inom modebranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med e-handelns snabba expansion har även returerna ökat, returvolymen inom e-handel kan vara så hög som 50% (Dissanayake och Singh, 2007). Returer kostar inte bara pengar utan påverkar även miljön i form av bl.a. ökade transporter. De vanligaste returorsakerna inom modebranschen är storlek och passform vilket kan härledas till bristande produktinformation som t.ex. undermåliga storleksguider. Tidigare forskning om produktinformation har oftast berört vikten av produktinformation vid konsumentköp samt vilka egenskaper i produktinformationen som är viktiga. (Chiu et al, 2014; Manvai och Venkataram, 2005; Markopoulos, Arin och Ungar, 2016) Syftet med denna fallstudie är att undersöka hur produktinformationen påverkar antalet produktreturer hos e-handelsföretag i modebranschen. Studiens frågeställningar berör hur fallföretagen arbetar med produktinformation och om det har påverkat returvolymen samt fallföretagens hållbarhetsarbete. Studien är baserad på en kvalitativ metod och med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med tre fallföretag besvaras studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Fallföretagen i denna studie arbetar med försäljning inom modebranschen, två av dessa är stora företag och har både fysiska butiker och e-handel. Det tredje fallföretaget är ett mindre företag som enbart har e-handel. Studien visar att fallföretagen får samma gynnsamma effekt av arbetet med produktinformation även om drivkraften bakom arbetet är olika. Studien visar även att produktinformationen kan ses som en kanal för att effektivt förmedla hållbarhetsarbete till kunderna. Studien bidrar med bredare kunskap om produktinformation samt att studien kan ligga till grund för vidare forskning om produktinformationens inverkan på returer. Studien styrker även vissa delar av tidigare forskning inom returer i modebranschen.

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  • 37.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of A Coruna, A Coruna, Spain.
    Discussing Approaches to Standard of Living2019In: Decent Work and Economic Growth: Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals / [ed] Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall, Cham: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Evaluating the effects of mobile applications on course assessment: A quasi-experiment on a macroeconomics course2020In: International Review of Economics Education, ISSN 1477-3880, Vol. 34, article id 100184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities are facing the need to rethink their educational strategies, especially due to the emergence of new technologies, such as mobile applications, which have had great expectations. Previous studies have been focused on changes in student engagement from using mobile applications in the classroom, whereas there has been little research on the impact of mobile applications on student assessment. This research uses a quasi-experimental study to examine the relationship between student assessment and the use of a mobile application. Two groups of students (a control and an experimental group) were tested in the same academic semester with the same lecturer. Two analyses were carried out (t-test and difference-in-differences) to evaluate this relationship. Contrary to the general expectations, the results showed that there is no significant difference on assessment when comparing the two groups’ scores. However, students showed a positive attitude in engaging with the mobile application. Although there has been an increase on the use of mobile applications in classrooms, they do not directly affect student scores. This research shows that mobile applications should be used as a complement to traditional education, and not as a substitute to it.

  • 39.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Women in sustainability research: Examining gender authorship differences in peer-reviewed publications2022In: Frontiers in Sustainability, ISSN 2673-4524, no 3, article id 959438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) have been undertaking considerable efforts to embed sustainability into their system; however, there have been limited studies on the incorporation of sustainability into research. In parallel, it has been found that women have an important role in contributing to sustainability since they are more engaged and have a more holistic perspective on sustainability than men. These two phenomena have resulted in limited studies about the contribution of women to sustainability research (i.e., in scientific publishing). A bibliometric analysis of more than 39,000 documents (with 147,090 authorships) was done to fill this gap, focusing on sustainability peer-review publications in Europe between 2015 and 2020. The results show that women's presence in sustainability research has been increasing during the last years; however, there are still few female authorship publications, even in fields that have been traditionally women-oriented. In addition, their publications have been less recognized by the scientific community. The results also show substantial gender differences in terms of author leadership, where female senior researchers are more likely to mentor female junior researchers than men. Female researchers tend to collaborate nationally, but they could improve their international collaboration since this can improve their research and impact. More support should be provided to female researchers to help foster women's sustainability engagement and holistic perspectives, reduce existing negative feedback loops, and increase positive ones. Achieving gender equality is sine qua non in achieving sustainable societies.

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  • 40.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Carpenter, Angela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Organisational Sustainability Ltd., Cardiff, UK.
    Examining Relations Between Public Participation and Public Expenditure: Opinions from English and French Users on Environmental Issues in the English Channel2019In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 8, article id 2230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Governments need to decide how to allocate their public expenditure, which is commonly misconstrued as simply targeting social issues. Most scientific literature highlights that the role of public spending is to enhance social welfare and fight poverty and inequality. Nonetheless, public expenditure also includes spending on environmental issues. This paper analyses relations between public participation, support for public expenditure, and pro-environmental behaviour (PEB) intentions in the English Channel region. An online public survey was developed to investigate public use of the English and French sides and the public's willingness to change their behaviour to better protect the Channel region. The survey was undertaken in the summer of 2014 and was answered by 2000 respondents. The Channel region public is willing to participate more in behaviour that involves direct changes or switches between buying/purchasing choices. In contrast, there is less willingness to engage in pro-environmental behaviour intentions that involve more active engagement activities. French respondents were slightly less inclined to change their consumer behaviour intentions, while women and older people were slightly more likely to do so. This research shows that pro-environmental behaviour could positively affect support for proposed public expenditure on environmental issues.

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  • 41.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of Gävle.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Analysing the incorporation of Sustainable Development into European Higher Education Institutions’ curricula2019Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 42.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    How circular is the circular economy? Analysing the implementation of circular economy in organisations2020In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 29, no 8, p. 3484-3494, article id 2590Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular Economy (CE) has become one of the most recent ways to address environmental sustainability. CE activities focus exclusively on one of three levels (macro-level, meso-level, and micro-level). The majority of CE research has focused on the macro- and meso-levels, while research on the micro-level has been limited. This paper focusses on the latter by analysing how organisations have implemented the four Rs (reduction, repairing, remanufacturing, and recycling). A survey was sent to a database of 5,299 contacts from different organisations, from whom 256 complete responses were obtained. The results show that organisations focus on reducing and recycling more than repairing and remanufacturing, and in particular on internal CE efforts. Some organisations that engage with the 4Rs do not do it under the CE umbrella, whereas some that claim to apply CE have low levels of engagement with the 4Rs. The results indicate that organisations are using the four Rs to contribute to CE, but not all of them are aware that they are applying CE principles. The paper highlights that organisations need to improve their four Rs efforts to contribute more to CE by better linking its theory with practice. CE also has to be implemented outside the organisations, in a more holistic way, e.g. through better collaboration with stakeholders on CE efforts and activities. This research stresses that the gap between CE theory and practice needs to be closed to make Circular Economy circular.

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  • 43.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Carpenter, Angela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Analysing sustainability change management in government owned companies: Experiences from European ports2023In: Social Responsibility Journal, ISSN 1747-1117, E-ISSN 1758-857X, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 1037-1050Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Government-owned companies (GOCs), such as ports, have engaged in efforts to become more sustainable. Most of such efforts have been technological and policy ones and mainly focusing on the environment, with limited research on organisational change management. This paper aims to provide insights into how ports have been addressing sustainability change forces and pressures.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with top-level directors and sustainability managers, representing ports across Europe’s maritime regions and a range of port types and sizes. The interviews were analysed using grounded theory’s constant comparative analysis.

    Findings

    The findings highlighted that the ports’ success in their process to become more sustainable depends on how they take advantage of the thrust forces and reduce the drag ones. The findings serve to develop the “ports’ sustainability change management framework”, with five stages: reactive, proactive, transactive, interactive, and sustainable port.

    Practical implications

    Ports, and other GOCs, should capitalise on their private–public nature in their contribution to making societies more sustainable by adopting a holistic perspective and interactive changes.

    Originality/value

    This paper provides a dynamic perspective on corporate sustainability efforts, particularly on GOCs, through organisational change management complementing technocentric and managerial approaches.

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  • 44.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Temel, Melis
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Carpenter, Angela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Exploring new waters for sustainability: gender equality in European seaports2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ports have been working towards becoming more sustainable. Although gender equality (SDG5) is very important within the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, it is ranked almost at the bottom of port priorities. The aim of this research is to provide insights into how ports have been addressing gender equality in their efforts to contribute to sustainability. Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with directors and sustainability managers from six European countries. The responses from interviewees were analysed using Grounded Theory’s constant comparative analysis.

    The findings show that European ports have engaged in measures aimed at contributing to sustainability through gender equality classified in five stages: (1) Gender segregation, which needs to be overcome, and is, in many cases, the starting point; (2) Compliance with national laws and regulation, e.g. in recruitment and salaries; (3) Gender equity, reducing barriers to entry and compensate for the historical and social disadvantages that women had previously suffered from; (4) Gender equality, guaranteeing the equal treatment of men and women in all processes; and (5) More sustainable ports. Achieving gender equality is a sine qua non to make ports more sustainable, i.e. integrating social issues of sustainability with economic and environmental ones. Internal and external forces affect each of the stages, where thrust forces help ports reduce gender segregation and advance towards becoming more sustainability and drag forces slow or block the efforts and may lead to returning to a previous stage. The findings were used to develop a “Gender equality for sustainability in ports” framework.

    This research is especially related to SDG5, target 5.1 (End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere), and 5.5 (Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life). 

    Ports, and other traditionally male-dominated industries, could capitalise on women’s holistic perspective and higher engagement to better contribute to accelerating the progress to make Europe more sustainable, especially in these testing times.

  • 45.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Temel, Melis
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Carpenter, Angela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Gender equality for sustainability in ports: Developing a framework2021In: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 131, article id 104593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ports have increasingly been addressing sustainability issues; however, gender equality has been a low priority in such efforts. This paper is aimed at providing insights into how ports have been addressing gender equality to contribute to sustainability. Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with top-level port managers from six European countries. The responses from the interviewees were analysed using Grounded Theory’s constant comparative analysis. The findings show that European ports have engaged in gender equality measures aimed at contributing to sustainability through gender equality in five stages: (1) Gender segregation, which needs to be overcome, and is, in many cases, the starting point; (2) Compliance with national laws and regulation; (3) Gender equity; (4) Gender equality; and (5) More sustainable ports. Internal and external forces affect each of the stages, where thrust forces help ports reduce gender segregation and advance towards becoming more sustainable and drag forces slow or block the efforts and may lead to returning to a previous stage of the framework. The findings were integrated to develop a “Gender equality for sustainability in ports” framework. Gender equality is a sine qua non for ports, and other male oriented industries, in becoming more sustainable.

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  • 46.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of Gävle.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Zafar, Afnan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Changes in Sustainability Priorities in Organisations due to the COVID-19 Outbreak: Averting Environmental Rebound Effects on Society2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 12, article id 5031Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 outbreak has affected societies and organisations in an unprecedented way. This has resulted in negative impacts to economic and social issues, but it is a “blessing in disguise” for environmental issues. This paper analyses how the outbreak has affected organisations’ sustainability priorities. Prior to the COVID-19 outbreak, such priorities were on the economic dimension followed by the environmental and social dimensions. A survey was sent to 11,657 organisations to analyse such changes, with a 5.60% response rate. The results show that for organisations, the main priority is now on the social dimension, followed by the economic one; however, the environmental dimension has suffered a negative impact in prioritisation, regardless of organisation type, country where they are based, organisation size, or the time they have been working on sustainability. We are currently facing an environmental conundrum, where air quality has improved and pollution has decreased in societies, but organisations are starting to neglect such environmental issues. The COVID-19 outbreak is an opportunity for organisations to better contribute to sustainability by ensuring that the efforts that have been undertaken in the last three decades are not forgotten, and that societies and organisations are better coupled to face such crises and avert rebound effects.

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  • 47.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Renzi, Maria Francesca
    Department of Business Studies, Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy.
    Tortato, Cíntia S. B.
    Department of Human Sciences and Education, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Paraná (IFPR), Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.
    Editorial: Women in sustainability: organizational sustainability 20212023In: Frontiers in Sustainability, E-ISSN 2673-4524, Vol. 4, article id 1240059Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 48.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Aleixo, Ana Marta
    University of Aveiro, Portugal; Polytechnic Institute of Leira, Portugal.
    Leal, Susana
    Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, Portugal.
    Azeiteiro, Ulisses
    University of Aveiro, Portugal.
    Costas, Rodrigo
    University of Leiden, Netherlands; Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Unveiling the Research Landscape of Sustainable Development Goals and Their Inclusion in Higher Education Institutions and Research Centers: Major Trends in 2000–20172021In: Frontiers in Sustainability, E-ISSN 2673-4524, Vol. 2, article id 620743Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) have become the international framework for sustainability policy. Its legacy is linked with the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), established in 2000. In this paper a scientometric analysis was conducted to: (1) Present a new methodological approach to identify the research output related to both SDGs and MDGs (M&SDGs) from 2000 to 2017, with the aim of mapping the global research related to M&SDGs; (2) Describe the thematic specialization based on keyword co-occurrence analysis and citation bursts; and (3) Classify the scientific output into individual SDGs (based on an ad-hoc glossary) and assess SDGs interconnections. Publications conceptually related to M&SDGs (defined by the set of M&SDG core publications and a scientometric expansion based on direct citations) were identified in the in-house CWTS Web of Science database. A total of 25,299 publications were analyzed, of which 21,653 (85.59%) were authored by Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) or academic research centers (RCs). The findings reveal the increasing participation of these organizations in this research (660 institutions in 2000–2005 to 1,744 institutions involved in 2012–2017). Some institutions present both a high production and specialization on M&SDG topics (e.g., London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and World Health Organization); and others with a very high specialization although lower production levels (e.g., Stockholm Environment Institute). Regarding the specific topics of research, health (especially in developing countries), women, and socio-economic issues are the most salient. Moreover, it has been observed an important interlinkage in the research outputs of some SDGs (e.g., SDG11 “Sustainable Cities and Communities” and SDG3 “Good Health and Well-Being”). This study provides first evidence of such interconnections, and the results of this study could be useful for policymakers in order to promote a more evidenced-based setting for their research agendas on SDGs.

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  • 49.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Organisations' contributions to the SDGs2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development and sustainability have appeared as concepts to help address the economic,environmental, and social impacts from previous generations, on this generation, and future ones through a holistic perspective. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have become the international framework for sustainability policy. The 17 SDGs and 169 targets were agreed upon by the 193 member states of the UN in2015 and are to be achieved by 2030. It should be noted that the SDGs were designed by governments for governments. These are based on the principles of: (1) a statement of a social-political priority (goal), (2) a time-bound quantitative aspect to be achieved (target), and (3) the measurement to monitor its progress(indicator). Since the SDGs (i.e. the macro level) are fairly new there is very limited research yet on how organisations (i.e. the micro level) contribute to them, or how such contributions could be advanced.Organisations civil society; companies; and public sector organisations (PSOs) have been instrumental in driving sustainability. In the last lustrum, there has been an increasing interest in organisational sustainability, where the importance of sustainability’s dimensions depends on an organisation’s nature and purpose. The contributions of organisations to sustainability, and by implication to the SDGs, have been proposed by a number of authors,where the most complete definition states that: such contributions entail the continuous incorporation and integration of sustainability issues in the organisation’s system elements (operations and production, strategy and management, governance, organisational systems, service provision, and assessment and reporting), as well as change processes and their rate of change. In this research, we will present some case studies of organisations contributing to the SDGs. The research group is an international leader and responsible for several publications in the field of sustainability, organizational change management, sustainable business models, sustainability assessment and reporting, circular economy, collaboration for sustainability, or education for sustainable development, among others. The multidisciplinary character of the group is a strength that defines our priority research area, mainly focused on sustainability. In this regard, case studies such as the contribution of HigherEducation Institutions to the SDGs or organizational change management in companies will be presented. The results presented will further the discussions on how organisations contribute to the SDGs, and how the micro and macro-level can be better connected.

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  • 50.
    Bautista-Puig, Núria
    et al.
    Department of Library and Information Sciences, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid. Spain.
    Barreiro-Gen, Maria
    Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universidad de Coruña, Coruña, Spain.
    Statulevičiūtė, Gustė
    Public Policy and Management Institute (PPMI), Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Stančiauskas, Vilius
    Public Policy and Management Institute (PPMI), Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Dikmener, Gokhan
    ICPSD SDG AI Lab, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Istanbul, Turkey.
    Akylbekova, Dina
    ICPSD SDG AI Lab, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Istanbul, Turkey.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Organisational Sustainability, London, UK.
    Unraveling public perceptions of the Sustainable Development Goals for better policy implementation2024In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 912, article id 169114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public participation is crucial for policy-making and can contribute to strengthening democracies and decision-making. Public participation can help to address sustainability challenges and plays a key role in attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). While the SDGs are policy concepts, there has been limited research conducted on how the public perceives the SDGs. Public participation in scientific research has been carried out through citizen science (CS). This paper analyzes the public's perception of the SDGs through CS and how the public can participate in their implementation. The paper uses the OSDG community platform, a citizen science platform with >2000 participants, to analyze public perception of the SDGs. A set of 40,062 excerpts of text (v2023-01-01), a topic modeling and agreement scores by using CorTexT Manager software, was analyzed. The results show that some SDGs, e.g. health (SDG3) or life below water (SDG14), have higher levels of agreement from the public, whilst for other SDGs the public disagree on their perception, (e.g. zero hunger). The paper shows that issues affecting citizens' daily lives (e.g. in People related goals) tend to have a higher level of agreement among volunteers, while economic issues and directives have greater discrepancies. The results provide an overview of the differences in public perception on the SDGs and their implementation. The misperceptions regarding the SDGs should be reduced to achieve a better implementation, improve public participation, and help policy-making processes.

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