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  • 1.
    Bergsten, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kwak, Lydia
    Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Evaluation of an ergonomic intervention in Swedish flight baggage handlers2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Flight baggage handling is a worldwide occupation where baggage and cargo is sorted, loaded and unloaded on and off aircrafts. With the ultimate purpose of reducing and preventing musculoskeletal disorders among flight baggage handlers in Sweden, the Vocational Training and Working Environment Council (TYA) - a council formed by employers and unions in the Swedish transportation sector – initiated and implemented a project (2010-2012). This project revealed that ergonomics equipment was not used adequately, and this was considered a major factor of concern. Therefore, a training program was initiated 2014 in one handling company, aiming to improve ergonomics, behavior and attitudes. We evaluated the implementation process with regard to process items, intermediate outcomes, barriers and facilitators; for the purpose of gaining knowledge that could facilitate successful implementation in other handling companies. Methods: A mixed methods design was applied, based on qualitative and quantitative data. We evaluated six process items, recruitment, context, reach, dose delivered, dose received and satisfaction; intermediate outcomes of the intervention; skills, confidence and behaviour in the workforce; barriers and facilitators for successful implementation. Data was retrieved using company data, course evaluations, web questionnaires, and telephone interviews with company ‘observers’ and key persons. Preliminary results: The implementation process was judged to be feasible with regard to some of the process items. According to the informants, work place behaviour related to use of equipment had, however, not changed after the training period. Reported barriers were, 1) insufficient time and leader support for practicing new procedures during and after the training, 2) simultaneous reorganization of teams and work tasks, 3) lack of follow-up of the training, which would have supported good performance according to the informants. Conclusion: The implementation process was hampered by barriers, some of which could be addressed in future ergonomics training programs in other baggage handling companies.

  • 2.
    Bergsten, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kwak, Lydia
    Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet.
    Implementation of an ergonomics intervention in a Swedish flight baggage handling company: a process evaluation2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 3, article id e0191760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To conduct a process evaluation of the implementation of an ergonomics training program aimed at increasing the use of loading assist devices in flight baggage handling.

    Methods: Feasibility (recruitment, reach, context, dose delivered, dose received, satisfaction); intermediate outcomes (skills, confidence and behaviors); and barriers and facilitators of the training intervention were assessed by qualitative and quantitative methods.

    Results: Implementation proved feasible regarding dose delivered, dose received and satisfaction. Confidence among participants in the training program in using and talking about devices, observed use of devices among colleagues, and internal feedback on work behavior increased significantly (p<0.01). Main facilitators were self-efficacy, motivation, and perceived utility of training among the trainees. Barriers included lack of peer support, opportunities to observe and practice behaviors, and follow-up activities; as well as staff reduction and job insecurity.

    Conclusions: In identifying important barriers and facilitators for a successful outcome, our study can help supporting the effectiveness of future interventions. Our results show that barriers caused by organizational changes may likely be alleviated by recruiting motivated trainees and securing strong organizational support for the implementation.   

      

  • 3.
    Bergsten, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Jahncke, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Schemalagt arbete - Hälsofrämjande återhämtningsmönster i schemalagda arbeten: Delområde Färjerederiet2017Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bergsten, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Jahncke, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Schemalagt arbete - Hälsofrämjande återhämtningsmönster i schemalagda arbeten: Delområde Förarprov2017Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bergsten, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Jahncke, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Schemalagt arbete - Hälsofrämjande återhämtningsmönster i schemalagda arbeten: Delområde Trafikledning2017Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Bergsten, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Jahncke, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Schemalagt arbete: Hälsofrämjande återhämtningsmönster i schemalagda arbeten: Kartläggning hösten 20162017Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Are healthy and successful organizations working accordingly to Quality Management?2009In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 245-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to examine if healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management. The purpose is also to describe in more detail how they are working.

     

    Methodology/Approach

    Three Swedish organizations that have shown excellence in leadership, internal partnership, working environment and profitability have been examined, to find out what methodologies they have used for their success. To discover whether these healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management, Deming’s 14-point list has been used as an analytical tool.

     

    Findings

    Identified methodologies used by the healthy and successful organizations are described.  Viewed in the light of our analysis, a relationship between the three examined healthy and successful organizations and Quality Management is indicated.

     

    Practical implications

    Working with the methodologies described in the paper, the three organizations have improved co-worker health. Other organizations could probably adopt the identified and described methodologies to improve the health of their co-workers and effectiveness in the organization.

     

    Originality/value

    Concerning the performance evaluation and the continuous improvement component in Quality Management, substantial contributions could be made to the health area by applying the tools that the quality area have used over a considerable period to improve the quality outcomes.

    Quality and health aspects have common success factors, and a focus on high quality could be seen as positive for health outcomes.

  • 8.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Management methodologies for sustaniable health: A case study at three Swedish organisations2005In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Quality Management for Organisational and Regional Development : QMOD 2005, Luleå, 2005, p. 703-712Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Good management and leadership are key factors for sustainable development and long-term success in all types of organisations. Nevertheless, many organisations are still struggling with quality problems, sick ness absence and financial difficulties caused by poor top management. Many researchers have reported on relationships between good management and working environment, quality and efficiency. So the question is why good management is not practised to a greater extent. In this paper, management methodologies for sustainable health among employees and consequent customer satisfaction and good bottom line results are explored by studying top leaders in three Swedish successful organisations. General questions dealt with in the paper are: How can managers commit employees to be part of the proactive work with sustainable health? What methodologies can top managers use to get well-motivated employees, a good working environment, satisfied customers and good financial results? The studied organisations are two manufacturing companies and one hospital. The organisations have received national awards for their excellence in leadership, internal partnership, working environment and efficiency. They all demonstrate good examples of long-term work with sustainable health among employees which has decreased sick ness absence. Explorative qualitative methods have been used to identify management methodologies in the case organisations. The results confirm a relation between leadership and sustainable health. In all organisations sustainable leadership has been characterised by great humanity, a long-range perspective and a holistic view of management. These management methodologies with concrete examples are described in the paper.

  • 9. Hansson, O
    et al.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse i kundteam: en fallstudie på Frigoscandia Distribution AB2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 10.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Flexibelt arbete - Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Delområde Centrala funktioner2017Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Flexibelt arbete - Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Delområde Investering2017Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Flexibelt arbete - Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Delområde IT2017Report (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Flexibelt arbete - Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Delområde Planering2017Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Flexibelt arbete - Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Delområde Resultatenheterna Färjerederiet, Trafikverksskolan, Fordonsresurser och Förarprov2017Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Flexibelt arbete - Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Delområde Stora projekt2017Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Flexibelt arbete - Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Delområde Trafikledning2017Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Flexibelt arbete - Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Delområde Underhåll2017Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Jahncke, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Hallman, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Uppsala universitet, Arbets- och miljömedicin.
    Flexibelt arbete: Hälsofrämjande interventioner för en hållbar digitalisering: Kartlägning hösten 20162017Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Attraktivitet är en färskvara2009In: Dagens juridik, no 2 febArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Chefen kan vara en friskfaktor2005In: Hälsa i staten, Vol. 3, p. 11-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    CSR - papperstiger eller riktig tiger?2009In: CSR i praktiken, no 2 AprArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    En attraktiv arbetsplats - en uthållig konkurrensfaktor2008In: Dagens Juridik, no 18 FebArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    En hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning2008In: Dagens Juridik, no 31 OktArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    En systematisk metod för att skapa attraktiva arbetsplatser2009In: Dagens Juridik, no 9 MarArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Healthy and effective leadership behaviour through a leadership development programme2017In: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 28, no 13-14, p. 1617-1631Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analysed the influence on leadership behaviours acquired through a structured development programme. A total of 30 municipality workplaces around the west coast of Sweden participated in a leadership intervention using a case-control design. The oneyear programme included lectures, seminars, group and individual reflection, and for some participants, an intervention that included group development activities with subordinates. The intervention was based on the healthy and effective leadership (HEL) model. The model draws from common leadership behaviours in successful organisations. Among municipalities in western Sweden, does subordinate perception of their managers’ HEL behaviours differ between subordinates whose managers participated in one-year leadership development programs and subordinates whose managers were in a control group? The leadership development programme, both with and without a systematic group development process, had a significant positive relation with the change in the HEL behaviour index when controlled for age, gender and education compared with a control group from the same region and sector. Further research is suggested using longitudinal leadership behaviour intervention studies that focus on both subordinate health and organisational effectiveness.

  • 26.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Healthy and Effective Leadership in Organisations2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning - från statistik till strategi2007In: Kundorienterat : Nyhetsbrev från institutet för kvalitetsutveckling, ISSN 0284-9305, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Leadership for Quality, Effectiveness and Health in Organisations2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership, quality, effectiveness and health are important factors in the achievement of organisational success. Three questions are addressed to study these elements:

    1. How do leadership values relate to leadership behaviours, quality methodologies and health in organisations?

    2. How do leadership behaviours relate to effectiveness and health in organisations?

    3. How can leadership tools be designed and used to promote health in organisations?

    The research is based on five studies from three research projects. This research is reported in five papers. Study I concerned eight organisations in the middle of Sweden; the focus was on leadership values and behaviours. Study II concerned three successful organisations that received the award, ‘Sweden’s number one workplace’. Focus in this study was mainly on leadership behaviours. Study III combined results from Studies I and II with a focus on successful leadership behaviours. Study IV concerned the eight organisations in Study I. A leadership tool in the form of a Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model was developed and evaluated. Study V was of two organisations in Sweden; the focus in that work was on the use of a leadership tool control chart designed to give managers statistically valid early warning signals about health in their organisations. Theory X and Y together with the three-dimensional leadership behaviour theory were used to assess leadership values and behaviours. The theory surrounding PDSA and control charts were used to develop leadership tools. The dimension of health is defined from a salutogenic humanistic perspective; which emphasizes individual well-being. The dimension of quality is defined as the ability to satisfy or exceed needs and expectations. Effectiveness is defined as the extent to which externally and internally defined objectives are fulfilled.

    Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used. Interviews, seminars with employees, collection of human resource and effectiveness figures, and questionnaires completed by managers and subordinates were used to collect data.

    Managers with more Theory Y-oriented leadership values were rated by subordinates as high concerning quality methodologies and leadership behaviour dimensions. The subordinates of these managers tended to be healthier.

    Two of the studies identified common groups of leadership behaviours in effective and healthy organisations: strategy and vision, communication and information, authority and responsibility, learning culture, worker conversations, plainness and simplicity, humanity and trust, walking around and reflective personal leadership.

    These leadership behaviours fit into a leadership profile where all three of the dimensions of structure, relation and change are present. Of the three, the relation dimension is strongest and concluded to be a universal dimension.

    The developed PDSA model seems to be a leadership tool that influences both leadership values and behaviour, particularly in the area of relation-oriented leadership behaviours. An early warning system built on CUSUM- and Shewhartcharts concerning the health indicators of self-assessed general health and new sickcases per employee was also found to be a powerful and usable leadership tool.

    For future research, the explorative research findings can be quantitatively tested using representative and preferably cross-national data, with a longitudinal design.

  • 29.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Ledarskap för hälsa och lönsamhet2005In: Kvalitetsmagasinet : tidningen för kvalitets- och verksamhetsutveckling, ISSN 1104-1579, p. 22-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan ledare arbeta för att stödja utvecklingen för en hållbar hälsa hos alla medarbetare i organisationen? Delegering av ansvar och befogenheter, insikten att alla människor är olika samt målet att ha kul på jobbet är några faktorer som bidragit till ett framgångsrikt ledarskap på Roxtec International.

  • 30.
    Larsson, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ledarskap för hållbar hälsa: En fallstudie på Roxtec International AB2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På sikt hotar en låg frisknärvaro den svenska välfärden genom att kostnaderna för ohälsa blir väldigt höga, både i monetära mått och i lidande. Ledaren har, genom sitt formella ansvar och sina befogenheter, stor möjlighet att påverka organisationens utveckling. I denna rapport ges svar på forskningsfrågorna: Hur kan ledare arbeta för att stödja utvecklingen för en hållbar hälsa? Vilka goda exempel på arbetssätt kan identifieras?Som fallstudieorganisation har Roxtec International AB i Karlskrona valts. Insamlingen av empiri har genomförts med hjälp av observationer, träddiagrams-seminarium utförda av medarbetare på Roxtec och intervju med Roxtecs verkställande direktör. I den teoretiska referensramen har teorier rörande offensiv kvalitetsutveckling, kvalitetsverktyg, ledarskap, motivation, hälsa och viss teori rörande psykologi presenterats. De resultat som framkommit i fallstudien samt existerande teori har utgjort grunden för utvecklandet av en ledarskapsmodell för hållbar hälsa. Modellen innehåller tre huvudhypoteser som påverkar val av arbetssätt. Dessa arbetssätt inverkar på beteendeutfallet som i sin tur kan resultera i hälsa och lönsamhet. De tre huvud-hypoteserna behandlar delegering, hälsa och att människor är olika. En slutsats är att ett ledarskap med utgångspunkt från dessa hypoteser har hjälpt Roxtecs medarbetare till hållbar hälsa och skapat ett lönsamt företag. Ledningens synlighet, genom att ledaren går runt i organisationen och talar med medarbetarna, har visat sig vara uppskattat på Roxtec. Andra exempel på arbetssätt är att jaga tidstjuvar, öppenhet rörande information, ergonomisk rådgivning, genomförande av hälsoprojekt och att lita på medarbetare. Ledningens främsta råd till andra organisationer är att arbeta med enkelhet och tydlighet. Ett förslag till fortsatt forskning är att kontrollera den framtagna ledarskapsmodellen genom att genomföra studier hos fler framgångsrika samt mindre framgångsrika organisationer med modellen som grund.

  • 31.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Ledarskapets roll på en attraktiv arbetsplats2008In: Dagens Juridik, no 25 MarArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Ledarskapsbokslut: ett systematiskt reflektionsverktyg för utveckling av hälsofrämjande och effektiva chefer och specialister2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Så redovisar företaget sin viktigaste resurs2008In: Dagens Juridik, no 8 DecArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    The effect of leadership values, behaviors and methologies on quality and health2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med den forskning som presenteras i denna avhandling är att bidra till ökad kunskap om hur ledarskap kan praktiseras för att främja både medarbetarnas hälsa och organisationers kvalitetsarbete. Tre forskningsfrågor är ställda: 1.Hur relaterar ledarnas värderingar till ledarnas beteende samt aspekter av hälsa och kvalitet?2.Hur relaterar ledarnas beteende till aspekter av hälsa och kvalitet?3.Hur relaterar ledarnas arbetssätt till aspekter av hälsa och kvalitet?Forskningen baserar sig på två fallstudier. Fallstudie I berör tre framgångsrika arbetsplatser som fått utmärkelsen Sveriges bästa arbetsplats. Fokus i denna fallstudie är huvudsakligen på de arbetssätt som används. Fallstudie II avser åtta arbetsplatser i Jämtland och det är särskilt värderingar, beteenden och arbetssätt som har studerats. Rörande ledarskap är Teori X och Teori Y använd som teoribas för att studera ledarnas värderingar. Den tredimensionella ledarbeteendeteorin (förändring, uppgift, relation) är använd när ledarnas beteende mäts och diskuteras. Både kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder är använda i forskningen. Ledare med X-inriktning på ledarvärderingarna har lägre resultat när medarbetarna värderar organisationens kvalitetsaspekter och samtliga tre dimensioner rörande ledarbeteendet. Vissa indikationer finns att organisationer med Y-orienterade ledare har medarbetare med bättre hälsa. Den ledarskapsprofil som har de bästa resultaten rörande kvalitetsaspekter och hälsoutfall har höga värden på alla tre dimensioner med högsta värdet på relation, följt av förändring på liknande nivå samt även uppgiftsorienteringen hög men lägre än de andra två dimensionerna. Gemen-samma arbetssätt hos framgångsrika organisationer har identifierats och presenterats. Mönster mellan framgångsrika organisationer i studie I och II har identifierats.

  • 35.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Trenderna bakom en attraktiv arbetsplats2008In: Dagens Juridik, no 16 JunArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Är socialt ansvarstagande bara en papperstiger?2009In: Dagens juridik, no 25 MarArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Leadership and organizational behaviour: Similarities between three award-winning organizations2009In: International Journal of Management Practice, ISSN 1477-9064, E-ISSN 1741-8143, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 327-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to examine if healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management. The purpose is also to describe how the organizations are working.

     

    Methodology/Approach

    Three Swedish organizations that have shown excellence in leadership, internal partnership, working environment and profitability have been examined, to find out what methodologies they have been used for their success. To find out if the healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management, Deming’s 14 point list have been used as analysing tool.

     

    Findings

    Indentified methodologies used by the healthy and successful organisations are described.  Viewed through our analysis, a relationship between the three examined healthy and successful organizations and Quality Management is indicated.

     

    Practical implications

    Working with the methodologies described in the paper, the three organizations have improved co-worker health. Other organizations could probably adopt the identified and described methodologies to improve the health of their co-workers and effectiveness in the organization.

     

    Originality/value

    Concerning the performance evaluation and the continuous improvement component in Quality Management, substantial contributions could be made to the health area by applying the tools that the quality area have used for such a long time to improve the quality outcomes.

    Quality and health aspects have common success factors, and a focus on high quality could be seen as positive for health outcomes.

     

  • 38.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    To Control with Health - From Statistics to Strategy2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to develop and test a generic model for workplace health management in organizations. Four private and four public organizations in northern Sweden were selected for the study. A model for health control was developed on the basis of a literature review and dialogues with the stakeholders in the workplaces. The model was then implemented at the workplaces during a two-year period. Interviews with leaders and sub-leaders were conducted on two occasions and were analyzed using content analysis and the constant comparison method. By using a grounded theory approach, three main categories were found: health closure and other health and working environment indicators, monetary accounting of health related indicators and changes in leadership behaviour and organizational practices. An important result was that the model influenced leadership values more than leadership and organizational methodologies. From the results a model for workplace health management is proposed, incorporating the planning, control, and improvement structures. The purpose of the model is to take health aspects into consideration when deciding organizational structure (work demands, control and social support). The model controls health by using health-related indicators with high frequency measuring whereas workplace health promotion is done in a structured way with a reflective model.

  • 39.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes2011In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 409-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Introduction: Statistical Process Control (SPC) charts have not been widely used to monitor workplace health and work environments. This research and effort to develop a more accurate and easy to use management control system for employee health is important from a humanistic, societal and economic standpoint, as well as complying with laws that regulate work environments. Objective: The purpose of the study is to design and discuss control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes to promote workplace health management. Another purpose is to discuss relevant factors in the concept of the Out-of-Control Action Plan (OCAP) as a response when a chart warns that the workplace process may be malfunctioning. Participants: Two Swedish organizations were selected as case study organizations: a department at a university and an elderly care operation in a municipality. Methods: This study was explorative and should be seen as a starting point in learning how to use control charts for workplace health management. Self-assessed general health and new sick-cases per employee were selected as indicators for the control charts. Results: An integrated early warning system with Cumulative Sums-and Shewhart-charts are presented to show a possible method as to how an early warning system can be structured through the use of statistical control charts. Conclusions: The conclusion of this study is that control charts, along with well-designed implementation, make up a powerful and useable managerial early-warning system which promotes workplace health and helps to prevent sickness absence.

  • 40.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Leadership behaviour in successful organisations: Universal or situation-dependent?: Universal or situational-dependent?2010In: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 317-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership behaviour has a critical role in the creation of successful organisations. This article reviews dimensions of leadership behaviour theory and their relationship to effectiveness, productivity, quality, health and job satisfaction in organisations. The article has two purposes: (1) to identify and summarise leadership behaviours common among successful organisations; and (2) to use these common elements to discuss those theoretical implications which concern situational aspects of successful leadership behaviour. The successful organisations studied for this work were two manufacturing companies, one hospital and one retail operation. The case studies were performed in connection with two leadership research projects. They focused on quality work, effectiveness, working environment, subordinate health and perceptions of the leadership. The common leadership behaviours were explored using a comparative qualitative method. The identified common leadership behaviours were then analysed in relation to the three-dimensional leadership behaviour theory (change-, structure- and relation-orientation) to explore distributions between dimensions. Nine common groups of behaviours were identified and described. The qualitative analyses showed that the identified behaviours were in all three behaviour dimensions. Also evident was that relation-oriented leadership behaviour was by far the strongest of the three. The conclusion is that a successful leader uses high relation-orientation as a base. At the same time, this successful leader uses all three behaviour dimensions. The two additional dimensions of structure- and change-orientation can be altered by leaders according to situational factors. This conclusion implies that successful leadership behaviour includes both universal and contingency elements.

  • 41.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Så skapas attraktiva och hälsofrämjande arbetsplatser2009In: Dagens Juridik, no 10 JunArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University , Östersund, Sweden.
    Vinberg, Stig
    National Institute for Working Life & Luleå University of Technology , Sweden.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University & Luleå University of Technology , Sweden.
    Leadership, quality and health: using McGregor's X and Y theory for analyzing values in relation to methodologies and outcomes2007In: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 18, no 9-10, p. 1147-1168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has experienced an increase in sickness absenteeism, stress related health problems and a deterioration of psychosocial working conditions. Several researchers have emphasized that leadership with a focus on developing human resource practices is a necessary component of a high organizational performance. The purpose of this article is to explore whether there are patterns in leadership values and methodologies associated with subordinates´ views of leadership, health outcomes and quality aspects. Four public and four private organizations in northern Sweden were studied. McGregor´s X and Y hypotheses, plus three other hypotheses, were used as a base for the analyses. Data was gathered through in-depth interviews with the leaders, questionnaires (completed by leaders and co-workers), and assessment of selected human resource accounting data (sickness absenteeism). The leader views were mirrored with the co-worker views through a comparison of qualitative and quantitative results in a stepwise analysis process. The study´s main findings were that leaders with more X hypotheses get lower results concerning employee judged leadership and quality aspects and, to some extent, lower results concerning health outcomes. The explanatory analyses concerning leadership and health are complex with many influencing factors.

  • 43.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Leadership Values for Quality and Health - How does McGregor's X and Y Theory Influences Methodologies and Outcomes?2005In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Quality Management for Organisational and Regional Development : QMOD 2005, Luleå, 2005, p. 691-702Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years the Swedish working life has been characterized by increased levels of sickness absenteeism, stress related health problems and a deterioration of the psychosocial work conditions. Since there are clear local variations concerning health at different workplaces, it is often stated that differences in working environment and work organizational factors constitute an important explanation. Several researchers emphasizes that leadership with a focus on developing human resource practices is a necessary component of high organizational performance. The purpose of this article is to explore if there are patterns in leadership values and methodologies connected to health outcomes and quality aspects. McGregor�s X and Y hypotheses plus three other hypotheses are used as a base for the analyses. Data has been collected by in-deep interviews with the leaders, questionnaires to both leaders and all employees, and human resource accounting figures. The leader views are mirrored with the employee views, by comparing qualitative and quantitative results in a step wise analyses process. Case study organizations are four public and four private organizations in northern Sweden. The study main findings are that leaders with more X hypotheses get lower results concerning employee judged leadership and quality aspects, and to some extent also lower results concerning health outcomes. Clear differences between the studied organizations are noted. One interesting result is that one organization (C1) positively distinguishes concerning quality and health aspects. A conclusion in this study is that Y oriented leaders work more intense with the TQM values continuous improvements, base decisions on facts, co-worker commitment and leadership commitment.

  • 44. Malmquist, Claes
    et al.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Att styra med hälsa - Från statistik till strategi2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsgivarens insikt om betydelsen av god arbetsmiljö och god hälsa hos sin personal är en viktig faktor i strävan efter att skapa en effektiv och långsiktigt hållbar verksamhet. I boken Att styra med hälsa från statistik till strategi resovisas resultat, erfarenheter och forskning från en studie om "Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning" på åtta jämtländska arbetsplatser. De verktyg som tillämpats är hälsobokslut, ekonomiska analyser, organisationsdiagnos samt nätverksträffar och processtöd. Studien har varit både praktisk och forskningningsinriktad. Boken ger konkreta råd främst till ledare, men även till andra intressenter, om hur hälsoperspektivet kan integreras i den traditionella verksamhetsstyrningen. Boken innehåller även tips om hur förändringsarbete med fokus på hälsa och arbetsmiljö kan bedrivas. Kapitelrubriker: · Varför styra med hälsa? · Vad är hälsa? · Vad är styrning? · Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning i praktiken · Resultat och analys · Forskning · Våra erfarenheter och råd Dessutom ingår ett komplett hälsobokslut, delar av verktyget organisationsdiagnos, referenser samt litteraturtips. Författare: Claes Malmquist Konsult, föreläsare och författare inom det personalekonomiska området. Stig Vinberg Forskare med lång erfarenhet av förändringsarbete på arbetsplatser. Johan Larsson Doktorand som forskar kring ledarskap, verksamhetsstyrning, kvalitet och hälsa.

  • 45.
    Mikaelsson, Lars-Åke
    et al.
    Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Integrated planning for sustainable building production: an evolution over three decades2017In: Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, ISSN 1392-3730, E-ISSN 1822-3605, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 319-326Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the authors'€™ work on Integrated Planning (IP) as a construction site management tool. IP integrates the different planning skills used by site managers, construction workers and craftspersons into an interactive group which manages a production planning process from the earliest stages to the end of a building project. The studies reviewed in this paper, performed over the last three decades, tested, longitudinally evaluated and refined the IP model for use in modern sustainable building sites. The refined model, Integrated Planning for Sustainable Building Production (SBP), includes the factors: leadership, health and safety, quality management and environmental management.

  • 46.
    Svensson, Sven
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.
    Stubbs, Jonathan
    Nordic Occupational Safety and Rehabilitation Institute.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.
    The association between subordinate perception of task and relation oriented leadership behaviors and sense of coherence among a sample of Swedish white-collar workers2018In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evidence suggests that leadership behaviours and sense of coherence influences subordinate health. The influence of leadership behaviours on subordinate sense of coherence has not been investigated in any detail. This cross-sectional quantitative study of managers and subordinates in a large governmental organisation focus on this potential association. The study used two common and empirically tested leadership styles: task oriented leadership and relations oriented leadership. In a logistic regression analysis, the association between types of leadership behaviour and SOC were analysed while controlling for age, gender, income, type of employment and organisational tenure. It was hypothesized that both task and relation oriented leadership behaviours would be positively associated with SOC, whereas a laissez faire leadership would be negatively associated with SOC. The hypotheses were not supported. Several implications for further research are discussed including capturing data about both subordinates’ preferred and perceived leadership behaviours.

  • 47.
    Svensson, Sven
    et al.
    Department of Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Ostersund, Sweden.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.
    External workers' perception of leadership behavior - a study of Swedish temporary agency workers and contractors2015In: Human Resource Management Journal, ISSN 0954-5395, E-ISSN 1748-8583, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 250-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing prevalence of externalized work arrangements in industrialized countries has brought with it ever greater managerial complexityin the workplace. This article explores how leadership behavior is perceived byinternal and external workers within a public authority in Sweden. Questionnaire data from 505 temporary agency workers (TAWs), contractors, andinternal employees have been analyzed. Multinomial logistic regression analysesindicate that external workers such as TAWs and contractors are more likelythan internal employees to notice leadership profiles, including pronounced,task-oriented leadership behavior. These results hold true when controlled fordemographic and socio-economic variables and organizational tenure. A practicalimplication is that explicit attention should be paid to the need forleadership training in developing HRM strategies with regards to externalemployees.

  • 48.
    Vinberg, Stig
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Rehabiliteringsvetenskap.
    Gundersen, Kjell Terje
    Högskolan i Nord-Tröndelag.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Entrepreneurs' health: the importance of psychosocial working conditions and individual factors2012In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 374-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify individual characteristics, individual resources and psychosocial working conditions that explain health among micro enterprise entrepreneurs. The study investigated a sample consisting of 139 Swedish entrepreneurs, who individually answered a questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analyses were performed for self-rated health, sickness presence and sickness absence. Relevant predictor variables for self-rated health were age, change competence, job demands (reversed), physical exercise, social activities and social support. For sickness presence (reversed) the predictor variables gender (male), age and job demands (reversed) contributed significantly. None of the predictor variables contributed significantly to sickness absence. One conclusion is that improving entrepreneurs’ health should focus on both individual and organisational  measures. Another conclusion is that entrepreneurs’ health might be an  underestimated resource for entrepreneurial behavior.

  • 49.
    Vinberg, Stig
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Malmquist, Claes
    Hur påverkas verksamhetens effektivitet och lönsamhet av satsningar på de anställdas hälsa?: En studie av ledarskap och hälsofrämjande processer i två glesbygdskommuner2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport fokuserar på hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning i kommuner. Vår uppfattning är att detta tema är intressant utifrån att många hälsofrämjande processer stannar upp eller inte kommer igång i svenskt arbetsliv. Förhoppningsvis kan våra studier bidra till ökad kunskap om effekter av hälsofrämjande insatser på arbetsplatser. Vi hoppas att ledare för olika verksamheter i högre grad utnyttjar existerande kunskap från forskning och omsätter denna i goda förbättringsprocesser. Vår uppfattning är att uppstart och genomförande av sådana processer är beroende av chefens värderingar, engagemang och beteenden. I detta perspektiv anser vi att ökad organisatorisk och individuell hälsokompetens är en nödvändig förutsättning för dessa processers framgång. Med hälsokompetens menar vi kunskap, färdigheter och förmåga att förstå vilka komponenter som bör ingå i processen samt hur denna genomförs. Våra studier visar på betydelsen av ett engagerat ledarskap, helhetsinriktade insatser på såväl individ- som organisationsnivå samt hög delaktighet från ledare och medarbetare i planering och genomförande

    1. Våra studier tyder på att det finns en ekonomisk potential för arbetsplatser som tillämpar ett sådant angreppssätt.

    Författarna vill tacka alla medarbetare i deltagande kommuner som studerats i projektet. Ett särskilt tack till Anne Lundstedt och Susanne Magnusson som förtjänstfullt hjälpt till med datainsamling och praktiska arrangemang, samt till Jörgen Söderback för hjälp med datafiler och Gunnar Gelin som gett värdefulla råd och stöd i de statistiska analyserna. Vi riktar också ett tack till IFAU som finansierat studien (Dnr 75/2009).

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