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  • 1.
    Leduc, Sylvain
    et al.
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis, Austria.
    Lundgren, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Energivetenskap; International Institute for Applied System Analysis, Austria.
    Franklin, Oskar
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis, Austria.
    Schmid, Erwin
    University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Austria.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    Mälardalen University.
    Optimal location for a biomass based methanol production plant: case study in Northern Sweden2007In: From Research to Market Deployment: 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition ; proceedings of the international conference held in Berlin, Germany, 7 - 11 May 2007 / [ed] K. Maniatis, Florence: ETA - Renewable Energies , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Methanol appears to be a new alternative fuel in the transport sector. Methanol can be produced through gasification of lignocellulosic biomass, which makes it a renewable fuel, and its utilization has therefore an impact on greenhouse gas emissions. The county of Norrbotten in northern Sweden has the characteristic to have great amount of woody biomass, and a sparsely inhabited area. Transportation distances of both biomass and methanol would then have a great impact on the final cost of methanol depending on where the methanol plant is located. This county was therefore studied as a case study with a twenty year perspective in order to validate an optimization model. The optimal locations of three different sizes of methanol plants were studied for four demographic scenarios. From this study it appears that methanol plants of 100 MWbiomass and 200 MWbiomass would be set up closer to the demand area than a 400 MWbiomass that would optimally be set up more inlands close to the available biomass.

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  • 2.
    Leduc, Sylvain
    et al.
    LTH; International Institute for Applied System Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria.
    Starfelt, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    Mälardalen University.
    Kindermann, G.
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.
    McCallum, I.
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.
    Obersteiner, M.
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria.
    Lundgren, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Energivetenskap.
    Optimal location of lignocellulosic ethanol refineries with polygeneration in Sweden2010In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 2709-2716Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The integration of ethanol production with combined heat and power plants is considered in this paper. An energy balance process model has been used to generate data for the production of ethanol, electricity, heat and biogas. The geographical position of such plants becomes of importance when using local biomass and delivering transportation fuel and heat. An optimization model has thus been used to determine the optimal locations for such plants in Sweden. The entire energy supply and demand chain from biomass outtake to gas stations filling is included in the optimization. Input parameters have been studied for their influence on both the final ethanol cost and the optimal locations of the plants. The results show that the biomass cost, biomass availability and district heating price are crucial for the positioning of the plant and the ethanol to be competitive against imported ethanol. The optimal location to set up polygeneration plants is demonstrated to be in areas where the biomass cost is competitive and in the vicinity of small to medium size cities. Carbon tax does not influence the ethanol cost, but solicits the production of ethanol in Sweden, and changes thus the geography of the plant locations.

  • 3.
    Patrizio, Piera
    et al.
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) School of Business Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University.
    Leduc, Sylvain
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
    Kraxner, Florian
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
    Fuss, Sabine
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); Working Group Sustainable Resource Management and Global Change, Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change.
    Kindermann, Georg
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
    Mesfun, Sennai
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
    Spokas, Kasparas
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton University.
    Mendoza, Alma
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
    Mac Dowell, Niall
    Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London; Centre for Process Systems Engineering, Imperial College London.
    Wetterlund, Elisabeth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Energivetenskap.
    Lundgren, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Energivetenskap.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    School of Business Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University.
    Yowargana, Ping
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
    Obersteiner, Michael
    Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
    Reducing US Coal Emissions Can Boost Employment2018In: Joule, E-ISSN 2542-4351, Vol. 2, no 12, p. 2633-2648Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Concerns have been voiced that implementing climate change mitigation measures could come at the cost of employment, especially in the context of the US coal sector. However, repurposing US coal plants presents an opportunity to address emission mitigation and job creation, if the right technology change is adopted. In this study, the transformation of the US coal sector until 2050 is modeled to achieve ambitious climate targets. Results show that the cost-optimal strategy for meeting 2050 emission reductions consistent with 2°C stabilization pathways is through the early deployment of BECCS and by replacing 50% of aging coal plants with natural gas plants. This strategy addresses the concerns surrounding employment for coal workers by retaining 40,000 jobs, and creating 22,000 additional jobs by mid-century. Climate change mitigation does not have to come at the cost of employment, and policymakers could seek to take advantage of the social co-benefits of mitigation.

  • 4.
    Wetterlund, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Energivetenskap.
    Lundgren, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Energivetenskap.
    Leduc, Sylvain
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.
    Pettersson, Karin
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Energy and Environment, Division of Heat and Power Technology.
    Hoffstedt, Christian
    Innventia AB, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Torén, Johan
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Kindermann, Georg
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.
    Lundmark, Robert
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Optimal localisation of second generation biofuel production in Sweden2012Conference paper (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 5.
    Wetterlund, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Energivetenskap.
    Pettersson, Karin
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Lundgren, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Energivetenskap.
    Leduc, Sylvain
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.
    Hoffstedt, Christian
    Innventia AB, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Torén, Johan
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Kindermann, Georg
    International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.
    Lundmark, Robert
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    Mälardalen University.
    Optimal localisation of second generation biofuel production: the role of process integration in system studies2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
1 - 5 of 5
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  • sv-SE
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