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  • 1.
    Backe-Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), Department for Research on Childhood, Family, and Child Welfare, Norway.
    Højer, Ingrid
    Department of Social Work, Göteborg Universitet, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm Unversity, Sweden.
    Storø, Jan
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Child Welfare Program, Norway.
    Out of home care in Norway and Sweden – similar and different2013In: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 193-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An overview of the current situation in the out-of-home care in Norway and Sweden is presented in this article; also the development in later years is described and discussed. Socially, politically and culturally there are few differences between Norway and Sweden. Child protection and out-of-home placement of children and young people are integrated parts in the welfare state that are shared by the Nordic countries. It is a model that builds on principles of universalism and decommodification of social rights. The welfare model presupposes high public legitimacy for a high level of social expenditure. However the idea of marketization and privatization has also affected the welfare model in Sweden and Norway. Although there are more similarities than differences between the two countries' child protection systems, the article discusses some differences, for example the after care services, new groups of children and young people in the out-of-home care, like young unaccompanied asylum seekers. There are also some differences when it comes to privatization, the introduction of evidence-based methods in the child protection system and the tension between general and residual services for children and young people in the child protection system.

  • 2.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    ‘Well, it’s up to me now’ – young care leavers’ strategies for handling adversities when leaving out-of-home care in Sweden2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, no sup 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThis qualitative longitudinal study of 20 young Swedish care leavers investigates their subjective experience of and strategies for handling adversities when being in the process of leaving out-of-home care. The empirical data is based on two sets of interviews, the first conducted at time 1 (T1) when they were still in care but the moving out process had begun, the second (T2) 6-10 months later when the vast majority had left care. The thematic analysis based on resilience theory showed that the majority of the informants over time developed process-oriented strategies, which in our categorization emanated either from the inner world of the informants (e.g. through re-framing of experiences and an emerging self-reliance) or from their outer contextual world (e.g. through a restructuring of the social network). The results are discussed from a resilience theoretical perspective in which the informants' strategies are illustrated by the conceptual pair of 'navigation' and 'negotiation', used to make sense of their inner and outer world-oriented strategies.

  • 3.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Young care leavers’ expectations of their future: A question of time horizon2018In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 188-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates young care leavers’ expectations of their future after discharge from care. The results are based on qualitative longitudinal data where 16- to 21-year-old care leavers (n = 15) were interviewed twice, first when still in care but planning for their discharge (T1) and the second time 6–9 months later (T2). The analysis using a general inductive approach showed that their expectations were dependent on the time horizon and that there was an obvious difference between the young informants’ short- and long-term expectations. Their short-term expectations consisted of worries connected to their approaching discharge (at T1) and how to cope with challenges of everyday life after discharge from care (at T2). These results seem to echo negative outcomes shown in previous quantitative research. However, the informants’ long-term expectations provide a different picture, being mainly positive in both interviews (T1 and T2). The results are discussed from a life course perspective, where the informants’ visions of their future are framed and understood in terms of the different stages of their transition process.

  • 4.
    Högdin, Sara
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Leaving home in early youth: influential factors in running away from home or being thrown out2012In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 39-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this article is to investigate the extent to which youth in Sweden run away from or are thrown out of their homes. A further aim is to determine what conditions lead up to and triggers such a break-up and to see what takes place during the break-up process itself. In our results roughly one in ten of youth in Sweden (≈11%) had experienced a difficult break-up from home by running away or being thrown out. Over 30% of those placed in foster families or institutions had run away from home or been thrown out. By our results, only a minority of runaways do so for the excitement or the fun. The majority made clear that their running away was a flight from the family rather than to something exciting and adventurous. It is also obvious from the results that young people who have run away three or more times are more severely at risk than those who have experienced only one or two break-ups from home. For some of these young people, a breakaway from home is the start, however premature, of an independent adult life. This vulnerable group of young people should be entitled to support from the social welfare system during their transition to adulthood.

  • 5.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Med blicken framåt2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 283-294Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sallnäs, MarieStockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.Sjöblom, YvonneStockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Att stå på egna ben - om övergången från samhällsvård till vuxenliv2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 24-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln behandlar hur övergången från ung till vuxen ter sig för en sårbar grupp av unga, de som varit i samhällsvård. Vilken roll spelar vården, socialtjänsten och den biologiska familjen för dem? Vilken betydelse får den förlängda ungdomstiden för ungdomar vars sociala nätverk är resurssvaga?

  • 8.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Procedures when young people leave care: views of 111 swedish social services mangers2011In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 33, no 12, p. 2452-2460Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In western societies, there is a general tendency towards a protracted transition to adulthood for young people, who thereby may become increasingly dependent on support from family. Young people leaving a placement in out-of-home care often lack such support, and will thus have a disadvantageous position compared to their peers. With the purpose of looking into the procedures when young people leave a placement in out-of-home care, telephone interviews were performed with 111 managers of social service units in two Swedish regions (West Sweden, and Stockholm Region), using a structured interview schedule. Answering rate was 99.1%.

    Only 6% of the managers had information of the young people's whereabouts once they had left care. 86-88% had general support programmes for all young people concerning housing, employment etc. but only 2-4% had specific programmes for young people leaving care. A majority of the managers were attentive of the difficulties the young people leaving care may encounter, but displayed little awareness of the consequences of a prolonged transition to adulthood, and the need for continued support after leaving care. Several managers referred to the general support of the Swedish welfare state, meaning that young people leaving care had the same access to support as all other young people in Sweden. Consequently, young people leaving care are at risk of being invisible in the welfare system and facing a compressed transition to adulthood.

  • 9. Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    På egna ben - om ungdomar som lämnar samhällsvården och deras familjerelationer2012In: Nätverksfamiljen / [ed] Margareta Bäck-Wiklund och Thomas Johansson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur , 2012, 2, p. 197-215Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Voices of 65 Young People Leaving Care in Sweden: "There Is So Much I Need to Know!"2014In: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 71-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine young care leavers’ experiences of supportive and nonsupportive factors after leaving care. Telephone interviews were conducted with 65 young people, between 18 and 26 years old, who had left care in Sweden within the previous 3 months to 3 years. The care-leaving process was in many cases described by the young people as badly planned and compressed. Some interviewees received support from the formal network (social services, foster carers, residential homes, contact persons) for housing (37) and financial matters (36), but few received support from the formal network concerning employment (14) and education (11). Emotional support was mainly provided by partners and friends. Altogether, the results suggest that access to support is a helpful factor for young people leaving care, but also that many of our interviewees had no such access, from neither formal nor informal networks.

  • 11.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    What Makes a Difference?: Turning Points for Young People in the Process of Leaving Placements in Public Care2014In: Social Work & Society, ISSN 1613-8953, E-ISSN 1613-8953, Vol. 12, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine young care leavers’ narrative accounts expressed as turning points connected to their experiences of being in care and leaving care. Telephone interviews were conducted with 65 young people, between 18 and 26 years old, who had left care in Sweden within the time span of previous three months to three years.

    Altogether, the results suggest that there are both positive and negative turning points connected to the care experience for young care leavers. To develop a trusting relationship to a family member or a significant other, a feeling of being in control of your life and experience an opportunity to change a negative life course are important factors in the young care leaver’s accounts about turning points. These factors were also linked to how they interpreted their care experiences and the impact it had on their self-identity and well-being.

  • 12.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Young people leaving care in Sweden2010In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 118-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from a placement in care to an independent life can be a problematic phase for young people. In Sweden, special care-leaving services are almost non-existent. What then happens to young people when they leave a placement in out-of-home care? This paper draws on the results of a study in which 16 young care leavers between the ages of 18 and 22 years were interviewed. Telephone interviews were also performed with the young care leavers' parents, social workers, foster carers and institutional staff. The aim of the study was to investigate how young care leavers perceive the transition from care to an independent life. The Swedish welfare model, the prolonged transition to adulthood and the family-oriented welfare discourse have been used as analytical perspectives. The results show that young care leavers have a pronounced need for social, emotional, practical and financial support. Whilst such support is occasionally provided by foster carers and residential staff, it is seldom given by social services or biological parents. This group is at risk of facing severe problems in the transitional phase from care to independent life, a fact that is not acknowledged by the Swedish welfare system.

  • 13.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Stockholms universitet.
    Lilja, JohnUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.Sjöblom, YvonneStockholms universitet.
    Narrative Methods in Understanding the Use and Misuse of Alcohol and Drugs: Substance Use and Misuse, Special Issue2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lilja, John
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    General theoretical perspectives of narrative analysis of substance use-related dependency2013In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, no 13, p. 1294-1305Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides a short introduction to, and an overview for, using narrative analysis in the understanding of the use and misuse of alcohol and drugs. Important theoretical and methodological dimensions are discussed. Some tentative conclusions, limitations, and unresolved critical issues concerning the use of narrative research methods in the analysis of substance use-related dependency problems are also presented.

  • 15.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lilja, John
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden, and 3Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linköping, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Introduction: Using narrative research methods for the analysis of use and misuse of alcohol and drugs2013In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, no 13, p. 1286-1293Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Perspectives on narrative methods2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Perspectives on narrative methods in social work research2010In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 272-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The narrative turn has entered many different academic disciplines and is now also emerging in social work. This article focuses on a discussion of the possibilities and limitations of doing narrative research in social work, including a scrutiny of definitions and of a number of theoretical and methodological arguments often used by some of the leading narrative researchers.

  • 18.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lilja, John
    Berättelser i det sociala arbetet2008In: Narrativa metoder i socialt arbete / [ed] Sam Larsson, Yvonne Sjöblom & John Lilja, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008, p. 29-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lilja, John
    En integrerande narrativ metoddiskussion via berättelseexempel från beroende av psykofarmaka2008In: Narrativa metoder i socialt arbete / [ed] Sam Larsson, Yvonne Sjöblom & John Lilja, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008, p. 203-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lilja, John
    Epilog: Perspektiv på narrativa metoder i socialt arbete2008In: Narrativa metoder i socialt arbete / [ed] Sam Larsson, Yvonne Sjöblom & John Lilja, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008, p. 441-466Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, YvonneStockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.Lilja, John
    Narrativa metoder i socialt arbete2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lilja, John
    Redaktörernas förord2008In: Narrativa metoder i socialt arbete / [ed] Sam Larsson et al., Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008, p. 25-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lilja, John
    Sammanfattande kortpresentation av en antologi om narrativa metoder i socialt arbete2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lilja, John
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linköping, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Hamilton, David
    Department of Education, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
    A self-theoretical perspective on the use-misuse of alcohol and drugs based on qualitative and narrative data2013In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, no 13, p. 1317-1335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses different self-theoretical perspectives of the self that are of importance in the analysis of the use and misuse of alcohol and psychoactive drugs. The self-theories considered here include cognitive, psychodynamic, transpersonal, and social constructivist perspectives. A multidimensional perspective focusing on the connection between identity structures and analyzing the use/misuse of alcohol and psychoactive drugs is presented. The article argues for a self-theoretical analysis based on narrative data in order to reach an in-depth understanding of the use and misuse of alcohol and psychoactive drugs.

  • 25.
    Lilja, John
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Larsson, Sam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; University of Linköping, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Discussion about narrative methods as a strategy for investigating and understanding the use and misuse of alcohol and drugs2013In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, no 13, p. 1438-1446Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Preliminary and tentative conclusions concerning theoretical and methodological issues about narrative methods and their use as a research strategy for investigating and understanding the use and misuse of alcohol and drugs are presented. The treatment methods that are influenced by narrative strategies as well as this tool's limitations are noted. The article focuses particularly on approaches based on, and influenced by, psychology, sociology and social work when conducting narrative research.

  • 26. Löwenborg, Christina
    et al.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Föräldrars och ungdomars erfarenheter av familjebehandling inom socialtjänsten2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 56-71Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    En ung kvinnas berättelse om tidiga uppbrott hemifrån och hennes vuxenblivande2008In: Narrativa metoder i socialt arbete, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2008, p. 233-260Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Leaving home early: Passing from Girlhood to Womanhood2006In: Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, ISSN 0738-0151, E-ISSN 1573-2797, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 432-457Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a case study of a young woman’s narrative of leaving home and her transition to adulthood. The case study is part of a larger research project about young women with an experience of an early break-up from home, through running away or being thrown out. Empirical material underlying this paper consists of a qualitative study of 12 young women that have been interviewed. The aim of the study is to understand how events like running away/being thrown out of home influences their transition to adulthood. The particular narrative demonstrates how a young woman presents and accounts for such a dramatic event as running away or being thrown out from home, and how that is understood in relation to her adulthood. A further aim is to illustrate how social services efforts are reflected in her narrative.

  • 29. Sjöblom, Yvonne
    När banden brister: varför rymmer ungdomar hemifrån?1995Book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    På väg ut: när ungdomar rymmer och kastas ut hemifrån - ur socialtjänstens perspektiv2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to discover and understand how caseworkers in the social services view and present the phenomenon of young people who run away from and/or are thrown out of their homes. What images of these young people do they entertain and how do they articulate their work with this group?

    The data were collected through 20 qualitative group interviews with caseworkers who in 1997 were working with young people between the ages of 12 and 20 at Individual and Family Care sections in all the social districts of Stockholm Municipality. Simultaneously, a quantitative background study of 96 problem cases was also conducted. Following analysis of the initial group interviews, two of these were chosen for detailed case study. To provide a complementary perspective, the thesis also contains two case studies of accounts of running away/being thrown out from a runaway’s and a parents’ respective points of view.

    Leaving home in this way is seen to be more common among girls than among boys and the most usual cause a problematic family situation with elements of violence, assault, and substance abuse. A particularly vulnerable group is girls in immigrant families who are exposed to authoritarian upbringing and often suffer rough treatment. Dominant among these young people’s own individual problems is difficulty in school. Other problem areas mentioned are substance abuse, truant behaviour, staying out late and sexual promiscuity. A small number of runaways were able to return home after counselling; but the conditions leading to running away/being thrown out were described by the welfare workers as complex, and accounts of the same situation given by parents and runaways often differed widely.

    The caseworkers’ view of the phenomenon is informed by a relationship and family oriented perspective, where the paramount goal is “working home” the runaways/thrown outs and restoring them to the bosom of their families. When that avenue has failed, as often was the case, the alternative is to place them in family homes or institutions. Running away and being thrown out are seen as deviant attempts at accomplishing the process of separation from parents that is normal at this stage. In the case of girls of immigrant background who run away/get thrown out of their homes, the tendency is to explain the phenomenon as a ‘culture collision’ between incompatible value systems and traditions. When young people and even the parents come to the social services needing practical help with accommodation and economic support so that the children can leave home, the caseworkers described this as presenting a dilemma.

    The main technique relied upon by the caseworkers is counselling intended to lead to reconciliation between children and their parents. The thesis discusses the importance and consequences for these youth in their development towards adulthood of the lack of a young people’s perspective within the social services and the emphasis on the sanctity of the family. A clear contradiction lies in the fact that while the youth units have been established expressly for the purpose of helping young people, a social services dominated by a family perspective with the aim of reintegrating runaways into their often dysfunctional families takes on a mainly controlling and disciplinary role, where the young people’s individual survival strategies are not paid attention to or taken seriously.

  • 31.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Transition to adulthood for young swedish careleavers2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Ungdomsproblem och ungdomars problem2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 119-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Högdin, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Tillfälligt uppbrott: om ungdomar som rymmer och kastas ut hemifrån2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien undersöks ungdomars uppbrott i form av att de rymmer och/eller blir utkastade hemifrån. Det är den första nationella kartläggningen av sitt slag. Studien avser att ge en bred bild av problematiken med unga som rymmer och/eller kastas ut hemifrån.

    Ett övergripande syfte med den här studien är att kartlägga hur vanligt det är att ungdomar i Sverige rymmer och/eller kastas ut hemifrån. Ytterligare ett syfte är att undersöka de omständigheter som kan utlösa och ligga bakom uppbrott hemifrån och vad som händer ungdomarna under tiden för själva uppbrottet.

    Denna studie visar att det är vanligt förekommande att ungdomar är med om uppbrott hemifrån. Att så många som 11 procent av alla ungdomar har rymt och kastats ut hemifrån kan vid en första anblick verka vara en hög andel. Men vid närmare eftertanke förefaller resultatet vara lågt räknat. Att en så stor andel  av ungdomarna som går i gymnasiet har erfarenhet av uppbrott hemifrån är allvarligt och ger en viktig signal om att uppbrott hemifrån är en vanlig utväg och överlevnadsstrategi för ungdomar som lever i en riskfylld uppväxtmiljö och har negativa relationer till sina föräldrar.

  • 34.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Wiklund, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Öppenvård2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 167-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Storø, Jan
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences, OsloMet‐OsloMetropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    Department of Social Work, University ofGothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A comparison of state support for young people leaving care in Norway and Sweden: Differences within comparable welfare systems2019In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 393-399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to account for and discuss support to young care leavers within the comparable welfare regimes of Norway and Sweden and to explore key differences between these 2 countries. This model implies that children and young people are included and entitled to support through being family members, not as independent actors in their own right. This makes young care leaver’s transition from care to adulthood problematic—as they often do not have access to family support, they may be positioned in a vacuum where they are clients neither entitled to support from the child welfare system nor supported by their families of origin. In Norway, legislators and policymakers have agreed that care leavers need particular attention and targeted support, whereas in Sweden, there has been no such agreement. However, the Norwegian system of giving leaving care services is not strong enough to provide transition support to all care leavers, even if the legislation gives stronger protection than in Sweden. The article discusses the need for targeted measures of support for a successful care-leaving process. 

  • 36.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    "In Sweden work is more important than the culture, actually!": The care leaving process for unaccompanied youths from the perspective of social workers2015In: Transnational Social Review, ISSN 2193-1674, E-ISSN 2196-145X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 241-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014 about 7000 unaccompanied minors applied for asylum in Sweden and a great part got to stay. Thus Sweden is one of the countries receiving the highest number in Europe. Previous research have shown that individuals with out-of-home care experiences belong to a vulnerable group. Besides that, young people with a migrant background sometimes experienced exclusion and discrimination. This study aim to explore social workers’ understanding of the unaccompanied youth’s minority backgrounds in relation to the process of leaving-care. With a qualitative approach data have been collected through focus-groups at two residential care units. Within this kind of Human service organizations the staff struggle with meeting the perceived needs of the youths based on their minority background. Alongside they are trying to teach what they considered as being good Swedish practices claimed being necessary when facing life outside care. A transnational perspective prevents an understanding of the unaccompanied youth’s context as static, but promotes rather a way of relating to both the youths past and present time in order to be prepared for the future.

  • 37.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University.
    Home sweet home?: Professionals' understanding of ‘home’ within residential care for unaccompanied youths in Sweden2016In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 591-599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of unaccompanied minors arriving in Sweden continues to rise. The majority are placed in residential care units. This qualitative study aims to increase the understanding given by the professionals to the concept of ‘home’ within the framework of residential care for unaccompanied young people. Data are based on participatory observations at two residential care units, followed up by individual interviews with staff. The findings confirm that the concept of home has a complex meaning involving both objective aspects such as physical buildings, and more subjective components that can be seen as state of mind. The staff's desire to offer an ‘ordinary home’ fails because of the surveillance, their dominant positions and especially due to the legal restrictions that were not initially meant for this target group. Unaccompanied young people have to be considered based on their own specific needs in order to make it possible for society to offer the most suitable care.

  • 38.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larsson, Sam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, and 3Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linköping, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Narratives of Clients' Experiences of Drug Use and Treatment of Substance Use-Related Dependency2013In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, no 13, p. 1404-1415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on narratives of clients' experiences of using/misusing alcohol and drugs and includes comments on their therapeutic process during treatment for dependency on psychoactive drugs. It discusses the role of narratives that focus on clients' experiences of understanding the use/ misuse of psychoactive drugs, emphasizing the importance of the narratives. Narrative therapy for substance-use-related dependency is discussed. Insight into the treatment processes of dependency, based on narrative case illustrations, is also provided.

  • 39.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larsson, Sam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linköping, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Perspectives on treatment, alliance and narratives concerning substance use-related dependency2013In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, no 13, p. 1386-1403Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article considers different perspectives on the treatment of substance use-related dependency, focusing on the importance of a therapeutic relationship, working alliance, counseling, and the use of narrative methods. The article also discusses some unresolved critical issues concerning the possibilities and limitations of acquiring necessary knowledge about substance use-related dependency when using narrative research methods. The main conclusion is that the therapeutic relationship between the therapist and the client is of crucial importance for a positive outcome of treatment and that narrative methods provide a detailed empirical database for analyses of substance use-related dependency.

1 - 39 of 39
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