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  • 1.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Tema Äldre, Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Diversity, health and ageing2006Ingår i: Ageing and diversity: Multiple pathways and cultural migrations / [ed] Svein Olav Daatland & Simon Biggs, Bristol, UK: The Policy Press , 2006, 1, s. 45-60Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, PeterHögskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Jämlik ålderdom?: I samtiden och framtiden2012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Äldre arbetstagares delaktighet i arbetslivet2012Ingår i: Social delaktighet / [ed] Jukka Surakka & Markku T. Hyyppä, Helsingfors: Arcada , 2012, s. 41-58Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Äldre i arbetslivet - delaktiga eller marginaliserade?2012Ingår i: Jämlik ålderdom?: I samtiden och framtiden / [ed] Lars Andersson och Peter Öberg, Malmö: Liber, 2012, 1, s. 39-63Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    ‘Well, it’s up to me now’ – young care leavers’ strategies for handling adversities when leaving out-of-home care in Sweden2018Ingår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, nr sup 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThis qualitative longitudinal study of 20 young Swedish care leavers investigates their subjective experience of and strategies for handling adversities when being in the process of leaving out-of-home care. The empirical data is based on two sets of interviews, the first conducted at time 1 (T1) when they were still in care but the moving out process had begun, the second (T2) 6-10 months later when the vast majority had left care. The thematic analysis based on resilience theory showed that the majority of the informants over time developed process-oriented strategies, which in our categorization emanated either from the inner world of the informants (e.g. through re-framing of experiences and an emerging self-reliance) or from their outer contextual world (e.g. through a restructuring of the social network). The results are discussed from a resilience theoretical perspective in which the informants' strategies are illustrated by the conceptual pair of 'navigation' and 'negotiation', used to make sense of their inner and outer world-oriented strategies.

  • 6.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Young care leavers’ expectations of their future: A question of time horizon2018Ingår i: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 188-195Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates young care leavers’ expectations of their future after discharge from care. The results are based on qualitative longitudinal data where 16- to 21-year-old care leavers (n = 15) were interviewed twice, first when still in care but planning for their discharge (T1) and the second time 6–9 months later (T2). The analysis using a general inductive approach showed that their expectations were dependent on the time horizon and that there was an obvious difference between the young informants’ short- and long-term expectations. Their short-term expectations consisted of worries connected to their approaching discharge (at T1) and how to cope with challenges of everyday life after discharge from care (at T2). These results seem to echo negative outcomes shown in previous quantitative research. However, the informants’ long-term expectations provide a different picture, being mainly positive in both interviews (T1 and T2). The results are discussed from a life course perspective, where the informants’ visions of their future are framed and understood in terms of the different stages of their transition process.

  • 7.
    Bildtgard, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Changing sexual pracitices in intimate relationships in later life - a life course perspective2014Ingår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 54, nr Suppl. 2, s. 76-76Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In late modernity sex has escaped its reproductive cage and people form pure relationships, based on mutual satisfaction (Giddens). Ironically, although older people are per definition non-reproductive, they have been neglected in studies on sexuality. The aim is to study sexual attitudes and practices among older people in life-course perspective. We present results from 1) a qualitative interview study with 28 63–91 year old Swedes currently dating or in a relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) initiated 60+ and 2) a quantitative survey including 1225 60–90 year old Swedes (response rate 42%). The interviews revealed a normative change, from condemnation of extra-marital sex in young adulthood to encouragement of sexual relationships but not marriage in later life. Despite restrictive norms, the survey showed a majority (93%) had had their sexual debut before marriage. All informants had experienced the 1960’s sexual liberation and today liberal attitudes seem to encompass later life. Most had had rather active sexual lives. Half or the survey respondents had had ≥4 more sexual partners, and one in five ≥10. Today, an active sex-life was regarded as important for a good relationship. Many informants had interpreted sexual decline as “natural” and age-related, but re-discovered sexuality with their new partner. The survey confirmed relationship length as a better predictor of sexual activity than age. Cohort and period effects will be discussed. It has been argued that sexual practices will become more liberal in the future by cohort replacement. Our data indicates that “the future might already be here”.

  • 8.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Attitudes, experiences and expectations on new intimate relationships in later life: results from a Swedish national survey2013Ingår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, nr Suppl. 1, s. 109-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction : More than a million, or almost half, of the 60+ population (46%) in Sweden today are singles (never married, divorced, widows/widowers), a majority are women and the actual number as well as the proportion of divorcees is increasing. Still, we know very little about the intimate lives of non-married elderly people or about re-partnering in later life. This presentation focuses attitudes to, expectations on, and experiences of new intimate relations in later life.

    Method : It is based on results from a new representative survey of 3 000 Swedes, 60-90 years old (boosted with regards to non-married people), that was developed from questions generated by a recent qualitative interview study with 28 Swedes who had established a new relationship after the age of 60.

    Results : We describe attitudes, expectations and experiences in the older population generally, but also in different groups defined on the basis of gender, class, life-course phase, sexual orientation, degree of urbanization and intimacy career. We also focus the importance of intimate relationships for older people’s quality of life, and reason about how structures of informal support may look for older people who enter new intimate relationships.

    Conclusion : As of november 2012 we are still in an early phase of the survey work, thus conclusions are pending.

  • 9.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Changing Sexual Practices in New Intimate Relationships in Later Life – A Life Course Perspective2014Ingår i: 8th International Conference on Cultural Gerontology: Programme and Abstracts, 2014, s. 138-138Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that in late modernity sex has escaped its reproductive cage and people form pure relationships, based on mutual satisfaction. Ironically, although older people are per definition non-­‐reproductive, they have often been neglected in studies on sexuality. In this paper we present results from 1) a qualitative interview study with a strategic sample of 28 63–91 year old Swedes currently dating or in a heterosexual relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) initiated 60+ and 2) a quantitative survey including answers from 1225 60–90 year old Swedes. The interviews revealed a clear normative  change,  from  a  cultural  context  that  condemned  extra-­‐marital  sex  in young adulthood  to  a context  encouraging  sexual  relationships  but  not  marriage in later  life.  All  had experienced  the  sexual  liberation  of  the  1960s,  and today, these liberal  attitudes  seem  to encompass later life. Today, an active sex-­‐life is regarded as important for a good relationship and sexual attraction was seen as a precondition for newrelationships. Many informants had interpreted sexual decline in former relationships as “natural ageing”, but re-­‐discovered sexuality with their new partner. In the survey, a majority (93 %) had had their sexual debut before marriage (despite the restrictive norms). Half or the respondents have had ≥ 4 sexual partners, and one in five ≥ 10. Sexual activity correlated negatively with relationship length. It has often been argued that sexual values and practices will become more liberal in the future by cohort replacement. Our data indicates that “the future might already be here”.

  • 10. Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Förändrade intimitetsformer bland äldre i det senmoderna samhället [Changing forms of intimacy among older people in late modern society]2015Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 5-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to a neglected reality in Swedish social research: New romantic relationships in later life. Our theoretical points of departure are the transformation of intimacy and the transition from a culture of marriage to a culture of divorce. We ask if the transformation of intimacy has reached later life and investigate late life divorce, attitudes to and choice of union form in late life heterosexual relationships, relationship history and the importance of a relationship for life satisfaction. The results, which are based both on demographic data and a survey to 60-90 year old Swedes (n=1225), show that changing relationship patterns in late modern Sweden have reached older people. In romantic relationships initiated in later life LAT is the preferred union form, followed by cohabitation, while marriage is a rare choice. In some respects this makes older people an avant-garde in the investigation of alternative union forms. The results also show the importance of romantic relationships for life satisfaction in later life independent of union form. Finally we criticize Swedish census data, which is based on civil status, for giving a somewhat distorted image of older people's family and romantic lives.

  • 11.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Gendered Ideals vs. Realities for Partner-Age Unions in Later Life2015Ingår i: Aging Families/Changing Families, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on actual and ideal partner-age among older Swedes, from a gender perspective on age-homo/heterogamy. The paper is based on a survey to 60–90 year old Swedes, currently either singles or in a cross-gender relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) (n=1225; response rate 42%). All analyses were made also separately for men and women. Results: Unions tend to follow a traditionally gendered age structure: 56% of men but only 16% of women have a younger partner. This age-pattern is more pronounced for those: in first unions (p<.001); in unions initiated before the 1970s (p<.01). There was no significant variation with union form or urbanity (modernity), and not with either education or income (power resources). Ideal partner-age correlates strongly (p<.001; R2=0,76) with actual partner-age for respondents in unions (ideal only slightly younger). Single men and women are freer to envision a younger partner: almost all (92%) single men and half of the single women (47%) prefer a younger partner (8,9 years younger on average for men; 2,2 for women). The proportion preferring a younger partner increases by age, leading to increasingly incompatible age ideals. The results will be discussed in relation to life-course theory; gender and power; the deinstitutionalization hypothesis.

  • 12.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Intimacy and Ageing: New Relationships in Later Life2017Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To begin new relationships in later life is increasingly common in large parts of the Western world. This timely book addresses the gap in knowledge about late life repartnering and provides a comprehensive map of the changing landscape of late life intimacy.

    Part of the Ageing in a Global Context series, the book examines the changing structural conditions of intimacy and ageing in late modernity. How do longer lives, changing norms and new technologies affect older people’s relationship careers, their attitudes to repartnering and in the formation of new relationships? Which forms do these new unions take? What does a new intimate relationship offer older men and women and what are the consequences for social integration? What is the role and meaning of sex?

    By introducing a gains-perspective the book challenges stereotypes of old age as a period of loss and decline. It also challenges the image of older people as conservative, and instead presents them as an avant-garde that often experiment with new ways of being together. 

  • 13.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    New intimate relationships and informal care obligations in later life2013Ingår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 53, nr Suppl. 1, s. 413-414Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    New intimate relationships as a resource for independent living in later life2014Ingår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 54, nr Suppl. 2, s. 11-11Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite increased research interest in transitions into new intimate relationships in later life, little focus has been on how transitions affect older people’s social networks. We investigate the impact of entering into new intimate relationships in later life on interdependent lives. Results are based on both qualitative interviews with 28 Swedes (63–91 years) either dating or living in new relationships initiated 60+ (marriage, cohabitation, LAT), and a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225; response rate 42%). A central theoretical frame is Elder’s (1994) principle of interdependent lives. A new relationship usually meant integration into the new partner’s social and filial networks (some problems will be discussed) and a restructuring of the relationship chain so that time and energy is redirected to the new partner. A new partner was described as a resource for living independent lives by the older informants, and as a way of “unburdening” the children. Finally, the qualitative interviews hinted at a hierarchy of dependencies. This was confirmed by the survey. A majority of respondents would primarily turn to their partners for social, emotional and practical support, with children as a distant second and “others” third. An exception was personal hygiene, where partners remained the first choice, but where the social services were preferred to children. This hierarchy was the same in new relationships. The results, partly contradicting previous research findings, are discussed in light of Western individualism generally and Swedish welfare-state and state supported individualism in particular.

  • 15.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    New intimate relationships in later life: Consequences for social and filial relationships2013Ingår i: 2nd ISA forum of Sociology, Ssocial Justice and Democratization, 1–4, August 2012, Buenos Aires, Argentina: Book of Abstracts, 2013, s. 65-65Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lots of prior social gerontological research has focused on filial rela-tions in informal care as well as the impact of widowhood on social relation-ships in later life. In this paper we instead ask how a new intimate relation-ship in later life effect relationships with children, relatives and friends. In particular we focus on the effects that a new intimate partner in later life has on filial, social and care obligations. To answer these questions, qualitative interviews were conducted with a strategical sample of 28 Swedes, 63–91 years, who had established a new intimate relationship after the age of 60 (or who are dating). We found that the respondents describe changes over their life-time in what we conceptualize as the ‘relationship chain’ – a hierarchy in social and care responsibilities – where the new partner in established relations steps in at the very front of the chain. This is positively perceived by the informants, who recurrently describe their partners as a resource for their own autonomy as well as that of their children, relatives and friends.

  • 16.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    New intimate relationships in later life: consequences for the social and filial network?2017Ingår i: Journal of Family Issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 381-405Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the consequences for linked lives of entering into new intimate relationships in later life. The empirical data is based on qualitative interviews with 28 Swedes aged 63 to 91 years, who have established a new intimate relationship after the age of 60 years or are currently dating. Theories on linked lives and individualization are used. The results show that children were generally supportive of their older parents’ unions and older individuals were often integrated into the new partner’s network. However, a new union also restructured the relationship chain so that time and energy were redirected to the new partner. Older parents preferred to be dependent on partners rather than children/others. A new partner was described as a source for autonomy and a way of “unburdening” children. Results are discussed in light of Western individualism generally and Swedish state supported individualism in particular.

  • 17. Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    New sexual relationships in later life: the case of late modern Sweden2013Ingår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 53, nr Suppl., s. 300-300Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    The Impact of New Intimate Relationships in Later Life on Intergenerational Exchange2014Ingår i: 8th International Conference on Cultural Gerontology: Programme and Abstracts, 2014, s. 167-167Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Much social gerontological research has focused on partner loss in later life and how it affects social, emotional and practical exchanges between generations. In this paper we instead ask how a newintimate relationship in later life affects these inter-­‐generational exchanges. The results are based both  on  qualitative  interviews  with  28  Swedes  (63–91  years)  either  dating  or  living  in  new relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT), and a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225). In the interviews we found that the informants described changes in what we conceptualize as the ‘relationship chain’ –a hierarchy in social and care responsibilities–where the new partner stepped in at the very front of the chain. The follow-­‐up survey confirmed a hierarchy of dependencies, where partners tend to come first, followed by children, friends and the state. The interviews further showed that the informants recurrently described their partners as a resource for their own autonomy as well as that of their children and friends. We interpret these findings in light of an individualist culture of independence that characterizes the Nordic countries, aided by a strong welfare state, involving a strong ethic of not being a burden, even to your own children.

  • 19.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Time as a structuring condition behind new intimate relationships in later life2015Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 35, nr 7, s. 1505-1528Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although mobility in and out of intimate relationships has become more common in later life, it has been a neglected issue in social gerontology. In this article, we ask what characterises the formation of new intimate relationships in later life, and whether there are any specific conditions that separate these from relationships in earlier stages of the lifecourse. On the basis of qualitative interviews with 28 persons aged 63-91 who have established a new intimate heterosexual relationship after the age of 60 or who are dating singles, we argue that time constitutes such a central structuring condition. We discuss and theorise two aspects of time - post-(re)productive free time and remaining time - which have an important formative power on new late-in-life relationships. We argue that together these aspects form a central existential structure of ageing in many Western societies - the paradoxical condition of having lots of available free time but little time left in life - which, besides influencing new late-in-life relationships, might also be relevant to other aspects of and choices in later life. 

  • 20.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Time as a structuring condition behind new intimate relationships in later life2013Ingår i: 2nd Forum of Sociology, Social Justice and Democratization, 1-4 August 2012, Buenos Aires, Argentina: Book of Abstracts, 2013, s. 65-65Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobility in and out of intimate relationships has become more common in late modern societies also in later life. However, it has been a neglected issue in social gerontology and sociological studies on ageing. In this paper the research questions are: What characterizes the formation of new intimate relationships in later life? Are there any specific, more or less universal, conditions that separate them from relationships in earlier life phases? Qualitative interviews was used with a strategical sampel, consisting of 28 Swedes, 63–91 years, who have established a new intimate heterosexual relationship after the age of 60 or who are dating. The results showed Time constituting a central structuring condition for new intimate relsionships in later life. In the results three aspects of time – Available free time, Lived time and Remaining time – which all have a constituting and an important formative power on new late in life relationships are discussed in relation to theories of late modernity and the Third Age and in relation to changing demographical conditions.

  • 21.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Union Form in Late Life Intimate Relationships: A Question of Age, Period or Cohort?2015Ingår i: Aging Families/Changing Families, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Family theory has suggested a radical transformation of intimacy in large parts of the Western world over the last 50 years. Given this development, how can we best explain union form in older people’s relationships: In terms of the traditional values they were brought up with (cohort)? In terms of the historical context in which the relationships were initiated (period)? Or in terms of the life-phase in which the relationships were initiated (age)? All of these hypothesis have been suggested by prior research. In this paper we discuss these respective arguments, basing ourselves on results from a quantitative survey of 60–90 year old Swedes (response rate 42%), focusing a subset of respondents (n=702) who are currently either married, cohabiting or LAT. A logistic regression showed no significant support for the cohort hypothesis. It gives strong support for the historical hypothesis – union form is significantly explained by the year the relationship was initiated. It also gives significant support to the life phase hypothesis – older people tend to prefer LAT relationships – but only after the historical normative context allow it. The results are discussed in relation to explanations suggested by earlier research regarding union form in older couples.

  • 22.
    Dahlstedt, E.
    et al.
    Svenska social- och kommunalhögskolan vid Helsingfors universitet.
    Hällund, M.
    Svenska social- och kommunalhögskolan vid Helsingfors universitet.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Finlands Akademi, Helsingfors.
    Livskvalitet på Äldre Dagar: En undersökning av pen­sionärers vård– och servicebehov i jakobs­tadsnejden1988Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Ehn, Billy
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Biografisk intervjumetod2011Ingår i: Många olika metoder / [ed] Katrine Fangen & Ann-Mari Sellerberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, 1, s. 57-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Ehn, Billy
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Biografisk intervjumetode2011Ingår i: Mange ulike metoder / [ed] Katrine Fangen & Ann-Mari Sellerberg, Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk, 2011, 1, s. 57-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ghilagaber, Gebrenegus
    Avdelningen för statistikvetenskap, Stockholms Universitet, Department of Statistics, University of Stockholm.
    Walander, Anders
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Center for Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm Sweden.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg, Community Medicine, County Council of Gävleborg.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap, Mid Sweden University, Department of Health Science.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Employment Status and Inequalities in Self-Reported Health2014Ingår i: Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health, ISSN 2282-2305, E-ISSN 2282-0930, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 1-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of employment status on self-reported health in gävleborg county.

    Methods: The study used data from the 2010 health in equal terms survey, a cross-sectional survey carried out in gävleborg county in sweden. a total of 4,245 individuals, aged 16–65 years were included in the analyses. descriptive and logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between employment status and self-reported health

    Results: Individuals outside the labour market had odds of poor health of 2.64 (cl 2.28–3.05) compared to their employed counterparts. controlling for other covariates reduced the risk slightly to 2.10 (1.69-2.60), but remained statistically significant. In addition, other variables were associated with self-reported poor health.

    Conclusions: This study found a statistically significant association between being outside the labour market and poor self-reported health. The relation was explained partially by socio-economic and demographic variables. More studies, in particular longitudinal, are needed to further investigate the observed relationships. Policy-makers within the gävleborg county need to pay attention to the health status of those out of work, especially during times of combined economic and labour market fluctuations.

    Results of the study suggest the need to pay attention to the health status of those outside the labour market, especially during times of economic hardship.

  • 26.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ghilagaber, Gebrenegus
    Stockholms universitet, Statistiska institutionen.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap; Karolinska Institutet.
    Employment status and suicidal ideation during economic recession2015Ingår i: Health Science Journal, ISSN 1791-809X, Vol. 9, nr 1, artikel-id 13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Suicide is a public health problem and an important indicator of severe mental ill-health. Thus, identifying risk factors for suicidal ideation is a public health priority. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between employment status and suicidal ideation in Gävleborg County. Method: The study used data from the 2010 Health in Equal Terms survey, a cross-sectional survey carried out in Gävleborg County in Sweden. A total of 4,245 individuals, aged 16–65 years were included in the analyses. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were carried out to assess the relationship between employment status and suicidal ideation Results: Individuals outside the labour market had odds of suicidal ideation of 4.21 (CI 3.14-5.64) compared to their employed counterparts. Controlling for other covariates, reduced the risk from 4.21(CI 3.14-5.64) in model I, to 1.73 (CI 1.16- 2.57) in model IV, but remained statistically significant. In addition, other variables were associated with suicidal ideation. Conclusion: There was a statistically significant association between being out of work and suicidal ideation. The association was explained partly by demographic, socio-economic and self-reported psychological variables. Results of the study suggest the need for primary prevention strategies among those out of the labour market, especially during times of economic hardship.

  • 27.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ghilagaber, Gebrenegus
    Avdelningen för statistik, Stockholms universitet, Department of statistics, Stockholm University.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg, Community Medicine,Gävleborg County Council .
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap, Mid Sweden University, Department of Health Science .
    Macassa, Gloria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap, Mid Sweden University, Department of Health Science .
    Inequalities and Suicide Ideation during Recession Times2014Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 24, nr Suppl. 2, s. 361-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Suicide behaviour is a serious public health problem as it imposes economic and human costs to individuals, families and communities. Available evidence from some European countries indicates a significant rise in suicides related to economic recession. However, the debate continues regarding the role of unemployment in the reported suicide rates. In Sweden, very few studies have investigated the relationship between suicide behaviours and employment status in the context of the recent economic crisis although unemployment increased nationally and across different counties.

    The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between employment status and suicide ideation in Gävleborg, Sweden.

    Methods

    The study used data from a cross-sectional survey, Health in Equal terms, carried out in Gävleborg County in Sweden, 2010. A total of 4245 individuals, aged 16–65 years were included in the analysis. The relationship between employment status and suicide ideation was assessed using descriptive and logistic regression analyses.

    Results

    People who were not working had odds of suicide ideation of 4.21 (95% Cl 3.14–5.64) as compared to those employed. Controlling for other covariates reduced the risk to 1.73 (95% CI 1.16-2.57) but remained statistically significant. In addition variables like anxiety, self-reported stress and young age were also associated with suicide ideation. However among the covariates, people who reported anxiety had the highest odds of suicide ideation.

    Conclusions

    This study found a statistically significant association between being out of work and suicide ideation. The association was largely explained by self-reported stress, anxiety, socioeconomic and demographic variables.

    Policy-makers within the County need to pay attention to the health status of those out of work, especially during times of combined economic and labour market fluctuations.

    Key messages

    • Suicide ideation was more common among people out of labor force in Gävleborg County, Sweden.

    • Further studies are needed to investigate suicide ideation among unemployed persons during times of economic and labor market insecurity.

  • 28.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Biografi- och livsberättelseforskning2008Ingår i: Forskningsmetodik för socialvetare / [ed] Anna Meeuwisse, Hans Swärd, Rosmari Eliasson-Lappalainen, Katarina Jacobsson, Stockholm: Natur & Kultur , 2008, 1, s. 71-88Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Köpenhamns universitet.
    Expressions of Aggression in the Life Stories of Aged Women1992Ingår i: Of mice and women: aspects of female aggression / [ed] Kaj Björkqvist, Pirkko Niemelä, San Diego: Academic Press Inc. , 1992, 1, s. 133-146Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 30.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ways of life: Old age in a life history perspective1996Ingår i: Biography and aging: explorations in adult development / [ed] Birren, J., Kenyon, G., Ruth, J.–E., Schroots, J.J.F. & Svensson, T., New York: Springer Publishing Co , 1996, s. 167-186Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Finlands Akademi.
    Frommholt, Pia
    Danmark.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Waerness, Kari
    Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Livsformer och Livshistoria Hos Äldre1989Ingår i: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784-0039, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 142-154Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Finlands Akademi .
    Mattlar, Carl et al.
    Old age and loneliness illustrated by the Zulliger1990Ingår i: British Journal of Projective Psychology, ISSN 0957-7785, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 61-73Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Investigated the personality structure in old age, focusing on sociability and loneliness, using the Zulliger Individual and Group Test among 32 noninstitutionalized elderly adults (aged 75–85 yrs) and 36 control adults (aged 31–60 yrs). 15 elderly Ss were considered to be sociable, and 17 were considered to be lonely. J. E. Exner's (1986) comprehensive Rorschach system was used to analyze the data. Sociable Ss were lively and independent, although slightly aggressive and hostile. They showed signs of helplessness and experienced feelings of uneasiness. These Ss retained more liveliness with respect to their basic personality structure compared with lonely Ss. Lonely Ss were more prone to withdraw and simplify their conception of the surrounding world.

  • 33.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Age Institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Kuntokallio, Centrum för utbildning och forsk­ning inom äldreomsorgen.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Ensamhetsupplevelser Hos de Äldre I: Sociala förhållanden1987Ingår i: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784-0039, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 44-55Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Finlands Akademi, Helsingfors.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Ensamhetsupplevelser Hos de Äldre II. Gerontologia: Psykologiska Faktorer1988Ingår i: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784-0039, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 106-118Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Finlands Akademi .
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Ensamhetsupplevelser Hos de Äldre III: Tillskrivna Orsaker och Bemästringsstra­te­gier1988Ingår i: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784-0039, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 173-187Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 36.
    Tornstam, Lars
    et al.
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Öberg, Peter
    Finlands Akademi.
    Ensamhetsupplevelser hos de Äldre IV: Ett Sociohistoriskt Perspektiv1990Ingår i: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784-0039, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 298-309Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37. Winqvist, Marianne
    et al.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Äldreomsorgsforskning i Norden: en kunskapsöversikt (Bokrecension)2006Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 275-278Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 38.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Att studera åldrandet – varför?1994Ingår i: SSKH Informerar, nr 1, s. 38-40Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Att åldras i ett estetiserande konsumtionssamhälle – en studie om kroppsbild2000Ingår i: Gerontologiske Skrifter, nr 8, s. 7-31Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 40.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Att åldras i kroppens tidevarv2000Ingår i: Magasinet 50+, nr 1, s. 12-15Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 41.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Att åldras på 2000-talet: Om åldrandet, kroppen och självbilden2005Ingår i: Äldres livsvillkor och behov: Socialtjänstforum - ett möte mellan forskning och socialtjänst : en konferens i Göteborg 5-6 april 2005, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap (FAS) , 2005, s. 7-14Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bakom hotbilder och solskenshistorier: Våra attityder till åldrandet – i siffror2003Ingår i: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 18-19Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 43.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi.
    Changing perspectives on, and Demographics of, Ageing2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Demographical changes and the silver economy: New lifestyles and social structures of older people2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 45.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet .
    Den muntliga intervjun i biografisk äldreforsk­ning1993Ingår i: Livslöp blant gamle i Norden / [ed] Kari Waerness, Jan-Erik Ruth & Lars Tornstam, Oslo: Norsk geronto­logisk institutt , 1993, s. 33-50Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Den åldrande kroppen: Samhälleliga bilder och äldres egna erfarenheter2005Ingår i: Kropp, livslopp och åldrande: några samhällsvetenskapliga persepektiv / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman och Lars-Christer Hydén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, 1, s. 53-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 47.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Der abwesende Körper: ein sozialgerontologisches Paradoxen2009Ingår i: Die Jungen Alten: Analysen einer neuen Sozialfigur / [ed] Silke van Dyk & Stephan Lessenich, Frankfurt/New York: Campus , 2009, 1, s. 138-159Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 48.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    Images versus experiences of the ageing body2003Ingår i: Aging Bodies: Meanings and Perspectives / [ed] C. Faircloth, Walnut Creek, California: Alta Mira Press , 2003, 1, s. 103-139Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 49.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Livet som berättelse: Om biografi och åldrande1997Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation’s objective is twofold: (1) to show how the life lived is reflected in old age (the articles), and (2) to analyze how life-stories are presented and interpreted from the social constructivist perspective (the comprehensive summary).

         Article I is a critical discussion of two biographical methods of data collection: the “freely-told” life-story and the semistructured biographical interview. Article II addresses the thesis’ first aim. This article presents the data gathered through the qualitative biographical interviews conducted with elderly Finns, which resulted in a typology of six ways of life: The bitter life and Life as a trapping pit, which end up in a problematic old age; Life as a hurdle race, The devoted silenced life, Life as a job career and  The sweet life, which describe different strategies for successful ageing. Article III is a study of Life as a hurdle race, where successful ageing is reached, despite previous difficulties in life. Article IV explains the paradox of the absent body in social gerontology, in light of the dualism of the Platonic-Christian tradition between body and soul.

         The comprehensive summary consists of critical methodological reflections on the conducted research. This summary acknowledges how the conclusions, reached at through analytic induction, where influenced by gerontology’s two myths (misery vs. success). The summary also treats the Renaissance of biographical social research, and the conducted research in relation to the theoretical debate on “the realist perspective” vs. “the story-focused, constructivist perspective.” From the latter perspective it is shown how emplotment shapes the life-story. Finally the summary addresses the generalizability and credibility of my results; results which by virtue of the life history perspective open up for a new qualitative understanding of ageing.

  • 50.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Livshistorieintervju2011Ingår i: Handbok i kvalitativa metoder / [ed] Göran Ahrne & Peter Svensson, Malmö: Liber, 2011, 1, s. 58-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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