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  • 1.
    King, Debra
    et al.
    Flinders University, Australia.
    Svensson, Sven
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Wei, Zhang
    Flinders University, Australia.
    Not always a quick fix: the impact of employing temporary agency workers on retention in the Australian aged care workforce2017In: Journal of Industrial Relations, ISSN 0022-1856, E-ISSN 1472-9296, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 85-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of external labour such as temporary agency workers in the general workforcehas increased in recent decades, but comparatively little is known about their impactwithin the aged care workforce. This article analyses quantitative data from a census ofaged care facilities and a large-scale survey of their workforce regarding the use andimpact of temporary agency workers on internal workers. It demonstrates that employ-ing temporary agency workers helps address labour shortages generally and skill short-ages in particular. However, it has a negative impact on the job satisfaction of internalpersonal care workers – a predictor of an increase in intention to leave. In contrast,there was little impact on internal nurse satisfaction. The use of temporary agencyworkers could therefore create a paradox: increasing personal care worker numbersin the short term, but negatively impacting on their retention in the long term. Giventhe need for an expanded and sustainable aged care workforce, this finding has import-ant implications for organisations, policy and unions.

  • 2.
    Svensson, Sven
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Mittuniversitetet, Sweden.
    Organizational Trust: How to include the division of labour?2018In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 72-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to study the relevance of the division of labour to the formation of organizational trust. Trust is defined as a phenomenon related to the resources available to a person in a given social position, a social position which in turn is related to the division of labour. It is argued that work externalization constitutes a division of labour, and that differing access to resources for internal and external workers explains variations in trust. The theoretical propositions are tested in a quantitative analysis of 711 external workers and internal employees in a Swedish organization. The results lend partial support to the theory. External employees are found to be less likely have strong trust in their co-workers. The relationship is mediated by perceptions of shared norms in the organization.

  • 3.
    Svensson, Sven
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Heiden, Marina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Temporary employment, working conditions, labour market regulation and health: a cross-country multi-level study2020Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Various forms of temporary employment has been on the rise in OECD countries since the late 1980’s. It’s been argued that temporary work set individuals in economic insecurity and poor working conditions. Therefore, temporary work is thought to be negative for health. However, findings are inconclusive. Whereas some studies do report worse health among temporary than non-temporary workers others report the opposite. Differences in findings might be explained by the fact that some studies considers socioeconomic position and job characteristics whereas others don’t. It’s also been argued that a key explanation for inconsistent findings might be differences in welfare policy across countries. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between temporary work, working conditions, welfare policy and self-rated health and well-being. This is done in a cross-sectional multi-level analysis of the 5th wave of European Working Conditions Survey including 22 European countries with control for proportion of GDP spent on active (ALMP) and passive (PLMP) labour market policy respectively.

    The results show no significant association between type of employment, ALMP, PLMP and self-rated health. Working conditions and socioeconomic position are significantly associated with self-rated health. There is a significant negative association between type of employment and well-being such that those in temporary employment report lower well-being than non-temporary employees. A positive interaction between PLMP and temporary employment means that PLMP is positively associated with well-being for those who have a temporary contract. The strength of the association between temporary work and well-being decreases after adjustment for working conditions and socioeconomic position. ALMP is not significantly associated with well-being.

    Conclusion: Temporary work is negatively associated with well-being, but not with health. PLMP buffer the possible negative impact from temporary employment whereas ALMP do not seem to have the same importance. However, the cross-sectional design calls for further studies

  • 4.
    Svensson, Sven
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Stubbs, Jonathan
    Nordic Occupational Safety and Rehabilitation Institute.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    The association between subordinate perception of task and relation oriented leadership behaviors and sense of coherence among a sample of Swedish white-collar workers2018In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 327-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evidence suggests that leadership behaviours and sense of coherence influences subordinate health. The influence of leadership behaviours on subordinate sense of coherence has not been investigated in any detail. This cross-sectional quantitative study of managers and subordinates in a large governmental organisation focus on this potential association. The study used two common and empirically tested leadership styles: task oriented leadership and relations oriented leadership. In a logistic regression analysis, the association between types of leadership behaviour and SOC were analysed while controlling for age, gender, income, type of employment and organisational tenure. It was hypothesized that both task and relation oriented leadership behaviours would be positively associated with SOC, whereas a laissez faire leadership would be negatively associated with SOC. The hypotheses were not supported. Several implications for further research are discussed including capturing data about both subordinates’ preferred and perceived leadership behaviours.

  • 5.
    Widar, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wall, Erika
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för Rehabiliteringsvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Svensson, Sven
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Experiences of job demand and control: A study of first line managers in for-profit psychiatric and addiction care2019In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270Article in journal (Other academic)
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