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  • 1.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    To Control with Health - From Statistics to Strategy2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to develop and test a generic model for workplace health management in organizations. Four private and four public organizations in northern Sweden were selected for the study. A model for health control was developed on the basis of a literature review and dialogues with the stakeholders in the workplaces. The model was then implemented at the workplaces during a two-year period. Interviews with leaders and sub-leaders were conducted on two occasions and were analyzed using content analysis and the constant comparison method. By using a grounded theory approach, three main categories were found: health closure and other health and working environment indicators, monetary accounting of health related indicators and changes in leadership behaviour and organizational practices. An important result was that the model influenced leadership values more than leadership and organizational methodologies. From the results a model for workplace health management is proposed, incorporating the planning, control, and improvement structures. The purpose of the model is to take health aspects into consideration when deciding organizational structure (work demands, control and social support). The model controls health by using health-related indicators with high frequency measuring whereas workplace health promotion is done in a structured way with a reflective model.

  • 2.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes2011In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 409-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Introduction: Statistical Process Control (SPC) charts have not been widely used to monitor workplace health and work environments. This research and effort to develop a more accurate and easy to use management control system for employee health is important from a humanistic, societal and economic standpoint, as well as complying with laws that regulate work environments. Objective: The purpose of the study is to design and discuss control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes to promote workplace health management. Another purpose is to discuss relevant factors in the concept of the Out-of-Control Action Plan (OCAP) as a response when a chart warns that the workplace process may be malfunctioning. Participants: Two Swedish organizations were selected as case study organizations: a department at a university and an elderly care operation in a municipality. Methods: This study was explorative and should be seen as a starting point in learning how to use control charts for workplace health management. Self-assessed general health and new sick-cases per employee were selected as indicators for the control charts. Results: An integrated early warning system with Cumulative Sums-and Shewhart-charts are presented to show a possible method as to how an early warning system can be structured through the use of statistical control charts. Conclusions: The conclusion of this study is that control charts, along with well-designed implementation, make up a powerful and useable managerial early-warning system which promotes workplace health and helps to prevent sickness absence.

  • 3.
    Vinberg, Stig
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Rehabiliteringsvetenskap.
    Gundersen, Kjell Terje
    Högskolan i Nord-Tröndelag.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Entrepreneurs' health: the importance of psychosocial working conditions and individual factors2012In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 374-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify individual characteristics, individual resources and psychosocial working conditions that explain health among micro enterprise entrepreneurs. The study investigated a sample consisting of 139 Swedish entrepreneurs, who individually answered a questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analyses were performed for self-rated health, sickness presence and sickness absence. Relevant predictor variables for self-rated health were age, change competence, job demands (reversed), physical exercise, social activities and social support. For sickness presence (reversed) the predictor variables gender (male), age and job demands (reversed) contributed significantly. None of the predictor variables contributed significantly to sickness absence. One conclusion is that improving entrepreneurs’ health should focus on both individual and organisational  measures. Another conclusion is that entrepreneurs’ health might be an  underestimated resource for entrepreneurial behavior.

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