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  • 1.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    To Control with Health - From Statistics to Strategy2009Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 49-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to develop and test a generic model for workplace health management in organizations. Four private and four public organizations in northern Sweden were selected for the study. A model for health control was developed on the basis of a literature review and dialogues with the stakeholders in the workplaces. The model was then implemented at the workplaces during a two-year period. Interviews with leaders and sub-leaders were conducted on two occasions and were analyzed using content analysis and the constant comparison method. By using a grounded theory approach, three main categories were found: health closure and other health and working environment indicators, monetary accounting of health related indicators and changes in leadership behaviour and organizational practices. An important result was that the model influenced leadership values more than leadership and organizational methodologies. From the results a model for workplace health management is proposed, incorporating the planning, control, and improvement structures. The purpose of the model is to take health aspects into consideration when deciding organizational structure (work demands, control and social support). The model controls health by using health-related indicators with high frequency measuring whereas workplace health promotion is done in a structured way with a reflective model.

  • 2.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, 831 25 Östersund, Sverige.
    Control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes2011Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 409-425Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     Introduction: Statistical Process Control (SPC) charts have not been widely used to monitor workplace health and work environments. This research and effort to develop a more accurate and easy to use management control system for employee health is important from a humanistic, societal and economic standpoint, as well as complying with laws that regulate work environments. Objective: The purpose of the study is to design and discuss control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes to promote workplace health management. Another purpose is to discuss relevant factors in the concept of the Out-of-Control Action Plan (OCAP) as a response when a chart warns that the workplace process may be malfunctioning. Participants: Two Swedish organizations were selected as case study organizations: a department at a university and an elderly care operation in a municipality. Methods: This study was explorative and should be seen as a starting point in learning how to use control charts for workplace health management. Self-assessed general health and new sick-cases per employee were selected as indicators for the control charts. Results: An integrated early warning system with Cumulative Sums-and Shewhart-charts are presented to show a possible method as to how an early warning system can be structured through the use of statistical control charts. Conclusions: The conclusion of this study is that control charts, along with well-designed implementation, make up a powerful and useable managerial early-warning system which promotes workplace health and helps to prevent sickness absence.

  • 3.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Leadership behaviour in successful organisations: Universal or situation-dependent?: Universal or situational-dependent?2010Ingår i: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 317-334Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership behaviour has a critical role in the creation of successful organisations. This article reviews dimensions of leadership behaviour theory and their relationship to effectiveness, productivity, quality, health and job satisfaction in organisations. The article has two purposes: (1) to identify and summarise leadership behaviours common among successful organisations; and (2) to use these common elements to discuss those theoretical implications which concern situational aspects of successful leadership behaviour. The successful organisations studied for this work were two manufacturing companies, one hospital and one retail operation. The case studies were performed in connection with two leadership research projects. They focused on quality work, effectiveness, working environment, subordinate health and perceptions of the leadership. The common leadership behaviours were explored using a comparative qualitative method. The identified common leadership behaviours were then analysed in relation to the three-dimensional leadership behaviour theory (change-, structure- and relation-orientation) to explore distributions between dimensions. Nine common groups of behaviours were identified and described. The qualitative analyses showed that the identified behaviours were in all three behaviour dimensions. Also evident was that relation-oriented leadership behaviour was by far the strongest of the three. The conclusion is that a successful leader uses high relation-orientation as a base. At the same time, this successful leader uses all three behaviour dimensions. The two additional dimensions of structure- and change-orientation can be altered by leaders according to situational factors. This conclusion implies that successful leadership behaviour includes both universal and contingency elements.

  • 4.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Så skapas attraktiva och hälsofrämjande arbetsplatser2009Ingår i: Dagens Juridik, nr 10 JunArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University , Östersund, Sweden.
    Vinberg, Stig
    National Institute for Working Life & Luleå University of Technology , Sweden.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University & Luleå University of Technology , Sweden.
    Leadership, quality and health: using McGregor's X and Y theory for analyzing values in relation to methodologies and outcomes2007Ingår i: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 18, nr 9-10, s. 1147-1168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has experienced an increase in sickness absenteeism, stress related health problems and a deterioration of psychosocial working conditions. Several researchers have emphasized that leadership with a focus on developing human resource practices is a necessary component of a high organizational performance. The purpose of this article is to explore whether there are patterns in leadership values and methodologies associated with subordinates´ views of leadership, health outcomes and quality aspects. Four public and four private organizations in northern Sweden were studied. McGregor´s X and Y hypotheses, plus three other hypotheses, were used as a base for the analyses. Data was gathered through in-depth interviews with the leaders, questionnaires (completed by leaders and co-workers), and assessment of selected human resource accounting data (sickness absenteeism). The leader views were mirrored with the co-worker views through a comparison of qualitative and quantitative results in a stepwise analysis process. The study´s main findings were that leaders with more X hypotheses get lower results concerning employee judged leadership and quality aspects and, to some extent, lower results concerning health outcomes. The explanatory analyses concerning leadership and health are complex with many influencing factors.

  • 6.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Leadership Values for Quality and Health - How does McGregor's X and Y Theory Influences Methodologies and Outcomes?2005Ingår i: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Quality Management for Organisational and Regional Development : QMOD 2005, Luleå, 2005, s. 691-702Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years the Swedish working life has been characterized by increased levels of sickness absenteeism, stress related health problems and a deterioration of the psychosocial work conditions. Since there are clear local variations concerning health at different workplaces, it is often stated that differences in working environment and work organizational factors constitute an important explanation. Several researchers emphasizes that leadership with a focus on developing human resource practices is a necessary component of high organizational performance. The purpose of this article is to explore if there are patterns in leadership values and methodologies connected to health outcomes and quality aspects. McGregor�s X and Y hypotheses plus three other hypotheses are used as a base for the analyses. Data has been collected by in-deep interviews with the leaders, questionnaires to both leaders and all employees, and human resource accounting figures. The leader views are mirrored with the employee views, by comparing qualitative and quantitative results in a step wise analyses process. Case study organizations are four public and four private organizations in northern Sweden. The study main findings are that leaders with more X hypotheses get lower results concerning employee judged leadership and quality aspects, and to some extent also lower results concerning health outcomes. Clear differences between the studied organizations are noted. One interesting result is that one organization (C1) positively distinguishes concerning quality and health aspects. A conclusion in this study is that Y oriented leaders work more intense with the TQM values continuous improvements, base decisions on facts, co-worker commitment and leadership commitment.

  • 7. Malmquist, Claes
    et al.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik.
    Att styra med hälsa - Från statistik till strategi2007Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsgivarens insikt om betydelsen av god arbetsmiljö och god hälsa hos sin personal är en viktig faktor i strävan efter att skapa en effektiv och långsiktigt hållbar verksamhet. I boken Att styra med hälsa från statistik till strategi resovisas resultat, erfarenheter och forskning från en studie om "Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning" på åtta jämtländska arbetsplatser. De verktyg som tillämpats är hälsobokslut, ekonomiska analyser, organisationsdiagnos samt nätverksträffar och processtöd. Studien har varit både praktisk och forskningningsinriktad. Boken ger konkreta råd främst till ledare, men även till andra intressenter, om hur hälsoperspektivet kan integreras i den traditionella verksamhetsstyrningen. Boken innehåller även tips om hur förändringsarbete med fokus på hälsa och arbetsmiljö kan bedrivas. Kapitelrubriker: · Varför styra med hälsa? · Vad är hälsa? · Vad är styrning? · Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning i praktiken · Resultat och analys · Forskning · Våra erfarenheter och råd Dessutom ingår ett komplett hälsobokslut, delar av verktyget organisationsdiagnos, referenser samt litteraturtips. Författare: Claes Malmquist Konsult, föreläsare och författare inom det personalekonomiska området. Stig Vinberg Forskare med lång erfarenhet av förändringsarbete på arbetsplatser. Johan Larsson Doktorand som forskar kring ledarskap, verksamhetsstyrning, kvalitet och hälsa.

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