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  • 1.
    Haagenrud, Svein
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Cole, Ivan
    Sjöström, Christer
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Esposito, M. A.
    Geographical Information Systems for Sustainable Management of Built Environment2004Ingår i: Building for the Future: The 16th CIB World Building Congress 2004, 2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the building and construction sector all features are location based. The world of geographic information and application orientation is moving extremely fast, and there is a real danger that the slow uptake of new technology and applications in the building sector will again leave the sector trailing behind, also implying a loss in sustainable development and competitive edge. In order to deal with this issue CIB in 1996 established the task group CIB/TG20-GIS. Based on the report CIB 256 from this group and its recommendations, CIB in 2000 established the working commission CIB W106 "Geographical Information Systems", with the overall objectives to provide an international platform for R and D of GIS in the building sector. The W106 has members from 14 countries/organisations and will present its progress report at this Congress, while its final report with conclusions and recommendations is due for the 10DBMC conference in 2005. The work is divided into the following four Tasks: TG1 - GIS-requirements and availability of geographic standards-, data and infra-structures, TG2 - GIS-based analysis and modelling of flow and distribution of materials in the built environment, TG3 - Spatial dynamic modelling for simulation of the interaction between the natural and the built environment, TG4 - GIS in Education and Info sources. Objectives and work programme for each of these tasks are given and illustrated with examples, taken from state-of-the-art reports on the use of GIS elaborated by the participating countries/organisations.

  • 2.
    Haagenrud, Svein
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Cole, Ivan
    Sjöström, Christer
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Esposito, M. A.
    Vanier, D. J.
    CIB W106 Geographical Information Systems: Work Period Report2005Ingår i: 10th International conference on durability of building materials and components: Lyon, France, 17-20 April 2005, 2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the building and construction sector all features are location based. The world of geographic information and application orientation is moving extremely fast, thus challenging the building sector to facilitate and implement this new technology and applications. In order to deal with these issues CIB in 1996 established the task group CIB/TG20-GIS. Based on the report CIB 256 from this group and its recommendations, CIB in 2000 established the working commission CIB W106 - Geographical Information Systems., with the overall objectives to provide an international platform for R&D of GIS applications for the built environment, and to promote and encourage the use of GIS in the building sector. The W106 has members from 14 countries/organisations and will present its final report for work period 2001-04 due for the 10DBMC conference in 2005. The work is divided into the following four Tasks: TG1- GIS-requirements and availability of geographic standards-, -data and infra -structures, TG2- GIS-based analysis and modelling of flow and distribution of materials in the built environment, TG3- Spatial dynamic modelling for Simulation of the interaction between the natural and the built environment, TG4- GIS in Education and Info sources. Objectives and work programme for each of these tasks are given and illustrated with examples, taken from state .of-the-art reports on the use of GIS elaborated by the participating countries/organisations. With the rapid development of IFC based standards for digital object oriented models of building products there is a huge need for property sets, such as environmental exposure data, reference service life, service life models, factor distributions, LCA and LCC data, which can be linked directly to the building elements. The significant drive within the AEC/IFC to provide for relevant location based data (GIS) via IFC format will be a major facilitator for access to relevant durability data on the specific building site. It is concluded that time is ripe for a broad implementation of GIS based applications in the building sector. Hence, it is recommended that the work programme of W106 for the coming working period includes a focus on support for an IFC based fully integrated design and planning process for the built environment, as well as a close link to the European based R&D frameworks for integrated life cycle management of the built environment.

  • 3.
    Haagenrud, Svein
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Krigsvoll, Guri
    Gussiås, Arne
    Sjöström, Christer
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Hallberg, Daniel
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Life Cycle Management of Built Environment: An ICT based concept and some Cases2004Ingår i: Proc. of CIB World Building Congress, 2004Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 4.
    Haagenrud, Svein
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Krigsvoll, Guri
    Lisö, K. R.
    Thiis, T.
    Sjöström, Christer
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Environmental Characterisation and Mapping with respect to Durability2005Ingår i: 10th International conference on durability of building materials and components, 2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Service life planning calls for characterisation and classification of the exposure environment for the constructed asset(s) in question. Lack of knowledge of environmental exposure data and models among the building sector players is an important barrier for further progress towards service life prediction. The ever more evident climate change highlights even more the need for data and models on the exposure, when it comes to address its impact on the built environment. In general, requirements for establishing and implementing systems for quantitative characterisation and classification of durability of materials and components are: 1) well defined, and relatively simple damage functions for the materials in question, 2) availability of environmental exposure data/loads, including methods and models for assessing their geographical distribution, and 3) user friendly IT systems for storage, processing and modelling the environmental loads onto structures. Service life functions related to environmental degradation are today available for a range of building materials and components. As for availability of environmental data and models, as well as proper IT systems, it is shown that for most European countries, such data and models are available from meteorological offices and the environmental research area, and that these data and the work performed are directly applicable for service life planning and life cycle management of constructed assets. A short review of some of the most applicable models for environmental exposure and for degradation and damage of building materials and structures is included. The global climate system is likely to undergo changes, regardless of the implementation of abatement policies under the Kyoto Protocol or other regimes. Both the functionality of the existing built environment and the design of future buildings are likely to be altered by climate change impacts, and the expected implications of these new conditions are now investigated. The data and models are often directly exhibited in computer-based systems, often on GIS based platforms. With the rapid development of IFC based standards for digital object oriented models of building products there is a huge need for property sets, such as durability and service life data, linked directly to the building elements. The significant drive within the AEC/IFC community to provide for relevant location based data (GIS) via IFC format will be a major facilitator for access to site specific durability data, described by degradation models containing environmental (and other) degradation factors.

  • 5.
    Haagenrud, Svein
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Sjöström, Christer
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Krigsvoll, Guri
    Quantitative characterisation and classification of environmental degradation loads2006Ingår i: Predictive and Optimised Life Cycle Management: Buildings and Infrastructure / [ed] Asko Sarja, London: Taylor & Francis , 2006, s. 300-337Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Haagenrud, Svein
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Stordahl, Petter
    Eriksson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Riks, Eva
    Krigsvoll, Guri
    A PC based system for maintenance management of buildings: General description2001Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Europe's rich culture in wooden buildings are rapidly degrading due to environmental impact, wrong conservation techniques and lack of resources and technological tools for appropriate conservation. These issues were addressed in the former EU-project ENV4-CT95-0110 Wood-Assess , which has been finalised (Haagenrud et al, 1999). In a new EU-project MMWood (ENV4-CT-98-0796) a PC-based system for maintenance management of buildings has been developed. The project had the following objectives: To develop and validate for the SMEs an integrated Maintenance Management system for historic buildings, adapted to the needs and purposes of various user group levels. Based on the Wood-Assess concept and results the modular GIS (Geographical Information System) based system, MMWood, will specifically contain - A documentation system for outer and inner parts of buildings and components; - Soft- and hardware tools for the building inspection in the course of maintenance tasks; - An environmental risk factor assessment module; - A standardized maintenance assessment module; - A cost and maintenance planning module. Main developments from the Wood-Assess project are the inclusion of the maintenance management phase, extension of the damage atlas to include also adjoining materials in wood constructions, rendering, brick and natural stone, and a fully integrated field inspection system, allowing the user to import/export all background and recorded data between the field inspection and the total maintenance management system.

  • 7.
    Jernberg, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Lacasse, Michael
    Haagenrud, Svein
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Sjöström, Christer
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Guide and Bibliography to Service Life and Durability Research for Buildings and Components2004Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication covers work undertaken within the CIB Working Commission W080/RILEM Technical Committee 140-TSL on the prediction of service life of building materials and components during the period between 1991 and 1996 and as well, additional information subsequently provided in the period between 1997 and 2002. It was intended that this publication offer researchers and knowledgeable practitioners a useful guide to service life prediction, a primer, providing fundamental information related to methods of service life prediction, information on environmental characterisation, and relevant information on the performance and durability of construction materials. Each part is self-contained - pagination is unique to the part and Tables or Figures in the text have been enumerated using a prefix that relates to the section in which they are presented. References are exclusive to the Part in which they are used, these have not been cross-referenced to the other parts nor the bibliography.

  • 8. Krigsvoll, Guri
    et al.
    Henriksen, Jan Fredrik
    Haagenrud, Svein
    Eriksson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    MMWood Environmental risk factor module2001Ingår i: CIB World Building Congress: Performance in Product and Practice, 2001Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    An environmental risk factor assessment module was elaborated as a part of the EU-projectMMWood (ENV-CT98-0796). The Environmental Risk Factor may be an important aid in providingnecessary data for predicting service life for buildings or building elements.The objective of the work package was to provide and synthesise the necessary environmental data forexploiting the service life functions established elsewhere and the methods and models developed inWoodAssess.In WoodAssess (presented at the previous CIB congress in Gävle) the methodology for assessing andmapping environmental risk factors and areas for wood on regional, local, and micro scale in Europewas demonstrated. The methodology is developed further, and more materials used in connection withwooden houses, like stone, bricks, rendering, painted rendering, and painted wood, are now included.Environmental data, as climatic and pollution data are collected for different regions in Europe. Thedata are either from meteorological stations or as geographical data (GIS) from simulation modelsbased on emission data. Meteorological data from measurements are also transformed to geographicalinformation. By use of the environmental data and service life functions the expected service life iscalculated for each object/region and material.A reference situation, defined by cold climate and unpolluted air, is used to calculate the referenceservice lives. From this the percentage reduction in service life can be calculated for eachobject/region and material.By use of the meteorological data, combined with geographical information as topography, sunny andshaded areas, a Scheffer's Climatic Risk Index (SCRI) for potential wood decay was calculated forobjects and regions. Better digital maps combined with models for precipitation, temperature andrelative humidity will form a proper basis for a more detailed modelling of SCRI.In this paper the methods for assessment of environmental data and service life are presented, and theresults as calculated service life and reference levels are included. Service life is presented both assingle values and as geographical information (GIS) on different geographical scales (local andregional scale).

  • 9.
    Sjöström, Christer
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Caluwaerts, Paul
    Jernberg, Per
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Haagenrud, Svein
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Ilomäki, Ari
    Davies, Hywel
    Product declarations with respect to durability: A progress report2005Ingår i: 10th DBMC International Conference on durability of building materials and components, 2005, s. 741-748Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The scope of ISO/TC59/SC14 "Design Life of Buildings" is to produce standards on the steps to be taken at various stages of the building cycle to ensure that the resulting constructed facility, will last for its intended life without incurring large unexpected expenditures of money or resources. The standards for design life of buildings also identify a guiding concept on durability of building products of help in implementing the European Construction Products Directive, CPD. Four parts of the standard series, ISO 15686 Buildings and Constructed Assets - Service Life Planning, have been published. Another 4 parts of the 15686 series are on the way to be approved, one being the Part 8 "Reference service life and service life estimation". Of particular importance is the concept of Reference Service Life (RSL; the expected service life in a well-defined set of in-use conditions), the procedures for service life prediction (Part 2) and the Factor Method (FM) for estimation of service life in specific projects (Part 1 and 8). The FM is used to modify an RSL to obtain an estimated service life (ESL) of the components of a design object, while considering the difference between the projectspecific and the reference in-use conditions. This methodology receives much interest from the international R&D community. A challenge is to establish databases on RSL and factor distributions. This presupposes the involvement of the industry and other stakeholders in the work. RSL is also essential in providing environmental information on whole life cycle of building products. According to ISO/DIS 21930 Buildings and Constructed Assets - Sustainability in Building Construction - Environmental Declarations of Building Products, it is necessary to have RSL data of the product to provide scenarios for environmental impacts of the use stage of the product. The Part 9 "Service life declaration in Product standards" is developed in parallel with work in CEN to establish guidance documents for inclusion of durability declarations in product standards. For innovative products EOTA (European Organisation for Technical Approvals) are issuing European Technical Approvals, where the durability evaluation is performed according to EOTA guidance developed on the basis of the service life prediction concepts as expressed in ISO 15686-2.

    With the rapid development of IFC based standards for digital object oriented models of building products there is a huge need for property sets, such as durability and service life data, which can be linked directly to the building elements.

1 - 9 av 9
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