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  • 1.
    Andersson, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
    Sundberg, Frida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av arbetsrelaterad stress2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Occupational stress is a global health problem that exists within the nurse profession as well as within many other occupations. Individuals who suffer continuous activation of the body’s stress response are subjected to an increased risk of physical and mental disease and - in the long term perspective - increased risk of an early death. When it comes to the nurse occupation, it isn’t just the nurse who is affected by occupational stress. Research has shown, for example, that there is a correlation between high workload for nurses and a lower patient safety. In this context Antonovsky’s theory about sense of coherence is useful as it has been known to increase a person's resilience towards stress. Aim: The aim of this literature review was to describe nurses experiences of occupational stress. Method: A literature review with a descriptive design. Twelve scientific articles were included in total. Eight articles had a qualitative approach and four had a quantitative approach. The articles were searched for in the databases CINAHL and Medline via PubMed. Main findings: Nurses experienced that occupational stress was a common phenomenon. High workload was the most prominent aspect of stress experienced by nurses, one that reappeared in all the included studies. Stressors caused by organizational structure, for example imbalance in nurse/patient ratio, caused nurses to feel stressed. Emotionally and morally burdensome care situations contributed to nurses experiences of compassion fatigue and moral distress. Unsatisfying relations to doctors, patients and other nurses was a job stress perceived by nurses. Conclusion: Nurses experience many types of occupational stress. Occupational stress is a problem for nurses globally and nurses face challenges with upkeeping the quality of care and patient safety thereby. There is a need to reprioritize the distribution of resources in the public community in order to ensure nurses’ wellbeing and intent to stay within the profession – which lies in the interest of the society.

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