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  • 1.
    Bergsten, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Healthy work - healthy business? A survey of work environment improvements and profitability among small and medium enterprises2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate how Swedish small and medium enterprises (SMEs) within the manufacturing industry carry out work environment improvements, and to study if managers consider profitability to be associated with issues in the work environment. Workplace observations and interviews (n=60) with company managers were carried out. Forty-five enterprises were affiliated with an occupational health service, typically in order to get quick access to health care, rather than getting help planning and implementing changes. Fifty-eight managers believed that healthy work environments would have at least some positive effect on company profitability. Incentives for work environment improvements were external, individual and organizational and varied between companies of different sizes. External requirements from The Swedish Work Environment Authority and from established or potential customers were prioritized incentives in SMEs with < 50 employees. Organizational and individual incentives such as incident- and accident reports, productivity, health and sick-leave were prioritized in SMEs with >50 employees. Irrespective of company size, well-being among work-force was consistently mentioned as an important factor for successful business. Small companies urged quick decisions and actions while medium companies had more planned, systematic and organized work environment activities. Deliberate work environment improvements for increased profitability were for instance, changes to eliminate risks, reduce manual work and resolve planning and coordination problems in production that led to stress.

  • 2.
    Björklund, Martin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Djupsjöbacka, Mats
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Sundelin, Gunnevi
    Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
    Gellerstedt, Sten
    LO.
    Minska värken: Åtgärder mot värk i nacke och rygg2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna skrift vänder sig till dig som har ständig värk i rygg eller nacke, eller som vid flera tillfällen haft en diffus smärta i rygg eller nacke. Här kan du läsa om vilka åtgärder forskare rekommenderar och vad du själv kan göra för att minska värken. Forskningen om vilka åtgärder som hjälper har gjort framsteg och även för dig som haft långvarig värk finns det goda möjligheter att minska smärtan.

  • 3.
    Gill, Peter Edward
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Case study of a healthy eating intervention for Swedish lorry drivers2004In: Health Education Research, ISSN 0268-1153, E-ISSN 1465-3648, Vol. 19, no 3, 306-315 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Halling, Bengt
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. County Council of Gävleborg.
    Experienced Barriers to Lean in Swedish Manufacturing and Health Care2013In: International Journal of Lean Thinking, ISSN 2146-0337, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A B S T R A C T  

    Purpose: The purpose is to compare similarities and divergences in how the concepts of Lean and barriers to Lean are described by key informants at a production unit in a large manufacturing company and two emergency health care units in Sweden.

    Design/methodology/approach: Data was collected via semi-structured interviews and analyzed with the constant comparative method (CCM) and Porras and Robertson’s

    (1992) change model.

    Findings: In both organizations, the view of Lean changed from a toolbox to a human behavior view. Eight barriers were experienced in both organizations. Three barriers

    were unique to manufacturing or to health care, respectively. Nine barriers were elements of social factors;five were elements of organizing arrangements.

    Research limitations/implications: Only people practically involved and responsible for the implementation at the two organizations participated in the study.

    Practical implications: Persons responsible for implementing Lean should consider organizational arrangements and social factors in order to limit barriers to

    successful implementation.

    Originality/value: Most research on Lean has been about successful Lean implementations. This study focuses on how Lean is viewed and what barriers personnel in

    manufacturing and health care have experienced. In comparing the barriers to Lean experienced in the two groups, common, archetypical, and unique barriers for manufacturing and health care can be identified, thus contributing to knowledge about barriers to Lean implementation.

  • 5.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Bänziger, Tanja
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    A description of work environment management in succesful companies2011In: Wellbeing and Innovations Through Ergonomics: Proceedings of NES2011, September 18-21, 2011, Oulu, Finland / [ed] Juha Lindfors, Merja Savolainen & Seppo Väyrynen, Nordic Ergonomics Society , 2011, 460-465 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A good work environment can support companies' competitiveness, but many managers mostly associate ergonomics with occupational health and safety. In the process of managing the work environment and creating a good working environment, company managers have a central role. This article investigated managers' own descriptions of the work environment management (WEM). The study group consisted of successful companies (n=142) in a county of Sweden. The managers' descriptions were categorised into nine categories. The most frequently described category was “PhysicalFactors at work”, followed by “Manuals and Standardisation”, and “EmployeeInvolvement and Interaction”.

  • 6.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Do small- and medium-sized enterprises differ in their work environment priorities?2011In: Wellbeing and innovations through ergonomics: Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES), Oulu, Finland, 18-21 september 2011, Nordic Ergonomics Society , 2011, 1-6 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies differ to what extent they attend to their work environments, despite that every employer is obliged to follow the national legislations on occupational, health and safety (OHS). Earlier evidence suggests that small and larger companies significantly differ in quality in how they handle their OHS activities. This study used questionnaire data from 106 small- and medium-sized companies. The findings were contrary to what could be expected, since no significant differences between company sizes were found. It is important to consider if it is factual or perceptual differences that’s being compared when examining companies’ work environment management.

  • 7.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Uppfattningar om prioritering av arbetsmiljön i små och medelstora tillverkande företag2010In: Arbetsliv i förändring: Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF), Malmö, 19-21 maj 2010, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Inom forskningen råder det konsensus om att det finns signifikanta skillnader mellan hur små företag och större sköter om arbetet med arbetshälsa och säkerhet (Champoux & Brun, 2003; Lin & Mills, 2001; Hinze, 1988; Wilson, 200; Holmes, 1999). Ålder och kön anses vara karaktäristika som påverkar attityder kring miljö och miljöarbete (McKevier & Gadenne, 2005). Denna studie undersöker små och medelstora företags uppfattningar om hur arbetsmiljön prioriteras, enligt vad tillfrågade på företagen anser. Hur lika/olika är små och medelstora företag vid jämförelse, och spelar åldersgrupper eller kön hos respondenterna in i hur företagens prioritering av arbetsmiljön uppfattas?

    Metod: Företag med 10-49 anställda definieras som små företag, och 50-249 anställda som medelstora företag. Samtliga företag i dessa storleksgrupper, i ett län i Mellansverige, sysslandes med tillverkning, tillfrågades att besvara en enkät med 42 frågor om arbetsmiljön, där graden av prioritering av arbetsmiljön uppskattades på en skala (VAS, visual analogue scale). Två representanter per företag tillfrågades, företagsledare och skyddsombud, svarsfrekvensen var 60%, med 184 små företag och 63 medelstora. Svaren analyserades med det icke-parametriska testet Kruskal-Wallis i grupper om företagsstorlek, respondenternas ålder samt kön.

    Preliminära resultat: Resultaten visade att uppfattningarna kring prioritering av arbetsmiljön var övervägande lika då företagsstorlek jämfördes, i 5 av 42 frågor skiljde sig små och medelstora företag åt (p-värde <0.05, kruskall-wallis). Beträffande uppfattningarna bland åldersgrupperna (<35, 36-50, 51<) skiljde sig den äldsta åldersgruppen mot de andra två, i 12 av 42 frågor (p-värde <0.05, kruskall-wallis). I vidare analyser visade det sig också att uppfattningarna i åldergrupperna 36-50 och 51< i små företag skiljde sig åt mot motsvarande åldersgrupper i medelstora företag, i 8 av 42 frågor för åldersgruppen 36-50 i små företag, och 12 av 42 frågor för åldersgruppen 51< i små företag (p-värde <0.05, kruskall-wallis). Inga skillnader i uppfattningar mellan könen påträffades.

    Sammantaget visar det sig att inom små företag skiljer det sig mellan åldersgrupper i uppfattningar om prioritering av arbetsmiljön, där de yngsta (>35) inte uppfattar någon fråga högre prioriterad än någon av de två äldre åldersgrupperna, de medelålders (36-50) uppfattar hög prioritering på några områden som kan sammanfattas med orden – samspel och kommunikation, och de äldsta (50<) uppfattar hög prioritering på några områden som kan sammanfattas med orden – rutiner, kommunikation och förebyggande.

  • 8.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Lindberg, Per
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    A comparison of managers’ and safety delegates’ perceptions of work environment priorities in the manufacturing industry2012In: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 22, no 3, 235-247 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the attention and priority accorded to factors of work environment within manufacturing companies, as perceived by managers and safety delegates at small- and medium-sized enterprises. Representatives from 142 Swedish manufacturing companies answered a 43-item questionnaire covering seven areas of the work environment and a priority-ranking question of company interests. Respondents (n = 249) rated the present situation and the situation one year earlier, using a visual analogue scale. The findings showed that both managers and safety delegates ranked profitability as the main company interest. Respondents rated the priorities of the work environment currently as higher than one year earlier (p = <0.05). Managers rated the priorities of the work environment higher than did the safety delegates (p = <0.05). We conclude that the two professional roles, managers and safety delegates, differ in their perceptions as of to which extent different work environment factors are being attended to.

  • 9.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Constructing Risk-Taking Youth: Extrapolating Theories of Health Education and Constructed Determinants of Risk-Taking among Youth in Preventive Sexual Health Education Interventions2002Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Planning and Implementing Health Interventions -: Extrapolating Theories of Health Education and Constructed Determinants of Risk-Taking2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 11.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Work values among male and female students2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to provide an overview of the different values that make for an ideal work situation for people currently studying at different educational levels in Sweden, and between males and females (n=190). A questionnaire measuring eight Index of work values were used. Results show that social relations was the index having the highest mean rating for both males and females, followed by work and health, and working conditions. Significant difference between genders could be seen in the Index social relations, work and health, working conditions, and altruism. The single question that received the highest mean score was; to have a fair and understanding boss. The results can contribute to an understanding of how to design workplaces that attract young people and, thus, optimize well-being.

  • 12.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Work values among male and female students2009In: Proceedings of the 17th World Congress on Ergonomics, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Wijk, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bergsten, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Tigerfors, A-M
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Incentives for work environment improvements at manufacturing companies from a manager perspective2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Wijk, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Gävert, Malin
    Hälsofrämjande verksamhet på arbetsplats: en formativ utvärdering av implementeringsfasen2005Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Wijk, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Halling, Bengt
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Att väcka den björn som sover: reflektion över planering och implementering av en hälsointervention på en arbetsplats2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln problematiserar planering och implementering av pedagogisk hälsointervention på arbetsplats, utifrån en fallstudie på en arbetsplats. Handhavanden och motsättningar i interventionsarbetet reflekteras. Interventionen var teoretiskt förankrad i Social Learning Theory, varvid miljö, beteende och personella faktorer beaktades vid planering och implementering. Syftet med artikeln är att illustrera en formativ process genom att reflektera över praktik och teori i interventionsarbetet. Konkreta exempel på hur emperi från arbetsplatsen har väglett val av strategier i interventionsarbetet, presenteras.

  • 16.
    Wijk, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Explicit and implicit change theories behind ergonomic interventions in working life2010In: Proceedings of the Premus 2010 conference (Seventh International Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders) August 29-September 2, Angers, France, 2010, 240- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Wijk, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Explicit and implicit theories of change when designing and implementing preventive ergonomics interventions: a systematic literature review2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, Vol. 37, no 5, 363-375 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective In contrast to several previous papers dealing with the structure and effects of ergonomics interventions, this systematic literature review focuses on the theories concerning change processes upon which these interventions – implicitly or explicitly – have been based.

    Methods In a systematic search of 13 literature databases, 30 peer-reviewed intervention studies published between 2000–2007 were identified that provided sufficient information for the change process theory to be identified.

    Results Thirteen studies referred to an explicit theory of change, the most common being participatory theory, while in 17 studies, the change theory could only be discerned indirectly from the described intervention strategy. Twenty-five studies explained the reason for choosing their strategy, with a clear reference to theory or previous research, whereas five provided only a weak background. Four categories of intervention strategies for change were identified: (i) changes targeting the individual, (ii) changes focusing on the work environment, (iii) changes relying on interactions between people, and (iv) structural and organizational changes.

    Conclusions A strikingly small proportion of ergonomics intervention studies have explained the theory behind the expected change process. A better awareness of the assumptions about change processes embedded in intervention strategies – whether implicit or explicit – may help in identifying and examining those ideas and processes that promote or restrict successful implementation. Such knowledge, in turn, can contribute to the development of interventions that are thoughtfully designed and effectively implemented.

  • 18.
    Wijk, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Lönsamhet i en god arbetsmiljö (poster)2009In: Arbetet i människors liv: Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF), Göteborg, 13-14 maj 2009, Göteborg, 2009Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Presentation av de övergripande frågeställningarna från delstudier i ett pågående tvärvetenskapligt forskningsprojekt vid Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning (CBF), Högskolan i Gävle. Inom projektet studeras bl.a. tillvägagångssätt för arbetsmiljöarbete, hur arbetsmiljön prioriteras samt arbetsmiljöarbete och lönsamhet/varumärke. Inom projektet har även Ergopriset tagits fram, för att årligen uppmärksamma ett företag som med ergonomiska principer strävat efter att förbättra lönsamheten.

    Utställare är forskningsledare fil dr Katarina Wijk och projektmedarbetare Hasse Nordlöf.

  • 19.
    Wikström, Per Arne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Perceptions about work environment and profitability among successful enterprises2009In: Proceedings at conference "Understanding small enterprises", Denmark, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
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