hig.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
123 101 - 146 av 146
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 101.
    Olsson, Annakarin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Persons with early-stage dementia reflect on being outdoors: a repeated interview study2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 102.
    Olsson, Annakarin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Engström, Maria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Lampic, Claudia
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Skovdahl, Kirsti
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud University College, Drammen, Norway, and School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro.
    A passive positioning alarm used by persons with dementia and their spouses: a qualitative intervention study2013Ingår i: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 13, nr 11, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 103.
    Olsson, Annakarin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Engström, Maria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Skovdahl, Kirsti
    Örebro Universitet.
    Lampic, Claudia
    Karolinska Institutet.
    My, your and our needs for safety and security: relatives’ reflections on using information and communication technology in dementia care2012Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 104-112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 104.
    Olsson, Annakarin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Lampic, Claudia
    Karolinska institutet.
    Skovdahl, Kirsti
    Örebro Universitet.
    Engström, Maria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Persons with early-stage dementia reflect on being outdoors: a repeated interview study2013Ingår i: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 17, nr 7, s. 793-800Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives:The aim of this study was to describe how persons with early-stage dementia reflect on being outdoors.

    Method: Data were collected through repeated interviews with a purposive sample of 11 persons with early-stage dementia in Sweden during the period 2009–2010 and were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Informants described being outdoors as a confirmation of the self. Confirmation of their ability to maintain desired activities, despite the dementia disease, was important to the informants. However, some confirmations were not positive; the realisation that one could no longer perform certain activities could be devastating. Two sub-themes emerged: shifting between ‘still being part of it all’ and a sense of grief and loss and striving to keep on despite perceived barriers. Past, but no longer possible, outdoor activities were greatly missed and the informants longed to be able to perform these activities once again. To resolve possible difficulties associated with being outdoors, the informants used various adaptation strategies. Despite the described barriers, being outdoors was of great value to them.

    Conclusion: Independent outdoor activities seem to contribute to the well-being and feelings of self-worth among persons with early-stage dementia who want to be and are able to be outdoors. If a person with dementia, despite cognitive limitations, wants and is able to engage in outdoor activities, it is important for relatives and health-care staff to encourage and facilitate this, for example, by discussing adaptation strategies to deal with orientation problems.

  • 105.
    Persson, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Anledning till handledning: exemplet klinisk handledning i sjuksköterskeutbildningen2012Ingår i: I mötet mellan vetenskap och lärande: 13 högskolepedagogiska utmaningar / [ed] Göran Fransson & Helena Hammarström, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2012, s. 93-110Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 106.
    Randmaa, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Gunilla
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Leo Swenne, Christine
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, and Department of Anaesthesia, County Council of Gävleborg, Sweden.
    Engström, Maria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    SBAR improves communication and safety climate and decreases incident reports due to communication errors in an anaesthetic clinic: a prospective intervention study2014Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 4, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: We aimed to examine staff members’ perceptions of communication within and between different professions, safety attitudes and psychological empowerment, prior to and after implementation of the communication tool Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation (SBAR) at an anaesthetic clinic. The aim was also to study whether there was any change in the proportion of incident reports caused by communication errors.

    Design: A prospective intervention study with comparison group using preassessments and postassessments. Questionnaire data were collected from staff in an intervention (n=100) and a comparison group (n=69) at the anaesthetic clinic in two hospitals prior to (2011) and after (2012) implementation of SBAR. The proportion of incident reports due to communication errors was calculated during a 1-year period prior to and after implementation.

    Setting: Anaesthetic clinics at two hospitals in Sweden.

    Participants: All licensed practical nurses, registered nurses and physicians working in the operating theatres, intensive care units and post anaesthesia care units at anaesthetic clinics in two hospitals were invited to participate.

    Intervention: Implementation of SBAR in an anaesthetic clinic.

    Primary and secondary outcomes: The primary outcomes were staff members’ perception of communication within and between different professions, as well as their perceptions of safety attitudes. Secondary outcomes were psychological empowerment and incident reports due to error of communication.

    Results: In the intervention group, there were statistically significant improvements in the factors “Between-group communication accuracy” (p=0.039) and “Safety climate” (p=0.011). The proportion of incident reports due to communication errors decreased significantly (p<0.0001) in the intervention group, from 31% to 11%.

    Conclusions: Implementing the communication tool SBAR in anaesthetic clinics was associated with improvement in staff members’ perception of communication between professionals and their perception of the safety climate as well as with a decreased proportion of incident reports related to communication errors.

  • 107.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Växjö universitet.
    Malm, Dan
    Hälsohögskolan Jönköping.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Department of public health and caring sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Växjö universitet; University college of Haraldsplass, Bergen, Norway.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Växjö universitet; Halmstad University.
    Arenhall, Eva
    Örebro universitet.
    Baigi, Amir
    Landstinget Halland Primärvården.
    Brunt, David
    Växjö universitet.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Växjö University; Hälsohögskolan Jönköping.
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Lunds universitet.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Örebro universitet.
    Sjöström-Strand, Annica
    Lunds universitetssjukhus.
    Wieslander, Inger
    Hälsohögskolan Jönköping; Halmstad University.
    Benzein, Eva
    Högskolan i Kalmar; Halmstad University.
    Validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS): A pilot study2010Ingår i: Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0843-6096, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 16-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a need for a short and easily administered scale, in the Swedish language, for assessing partner relationship in the health care of persons with cardiac disease.

    Purpose: To establish the reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS):

    Design: The present pilot study has a methodological design.

    Findings: Content validity has been tested for relevance, clarity and readability. The scale was tested for construct validity with explorative factor analysis. The reliability was tested by internal consistancy and test-retest analysis. The result showed a two-factor solution, which does not correspond to the original proposed one-factor solution. The factor analyses revealed two quite distinct factors of RAS, labelled "Relationship built on expectations and satisfaction of needs" and "Relationship built on love and devotion".

    Conclusions: The scale has satisfactory psychometric properties in terms of content validity, construct validity, homogeneity and stability in a population of persons with cardiac disease. Vider evaluations of the RAS for other populations and settings are recommended. 

  • 108.
    Råholm, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Stord/Haugesund University College, Norway.
    Hedegaard, Birte Larsen
    Viborg School of Nursing/The Regional Hospital, Denmark.
    Löfmark, Anna
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Slettebø, Ashild
    Oslo University College, Norway.
    Nursing education in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden: from Bachelor's degree to PhD2010Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 66, nr 9, s. 2126-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 109.
    Råholm, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Sogn og Fjordane University College, Faculty of Health Studies, Førde, Norway.
    Löfmark, Anna
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Stord/Haugesund University College, Department of Health Science, Haugesund, Norway.
    Slettebo, Åshild
    University of Agder, Akershus University College of Applied Science, Oslo, Norway.
    H Larssen, Birte
    Centre of Nursing Research, Viborg, Denmark and Clinical Associate Professor School of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Medicine, Nursing and Behavioural Science, Deakin University, Australia.
    Post Bologna - Master Level Nurse Education in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden: A Literature Review2014Ingår i: International journal for human caring, ISSN 1091-5710, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 51-59Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
  • 110.
    Råholm, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Sogn and Fjordane University College, Norway.
    Slettebo, Åshild
    University of Agder, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Grimstad.
    Löfmark, Anna
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Hedegaard Larsen, Birte
    Centre of Nursing Research – Viborg, Denmark .
    Nursing education in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden – from Bachelor´s degree to PhD2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 111.
    Råholm, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Stord/Haugesund University College, Department of Health Care Studies, Norway.
    Thorkildsen, Kari
    Löfmark, Anna
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Translation of the Nursing Clinical Facilitators Questionnaire (NCFQ) to Norwegian language2010Ingår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 196-200Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 112.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Cyberomvårdnad i virtuella miljöer2014Ingår i: Vårdvetenskap och postmodernitet: en introduktion / [ed] Henrik Eriksson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2014, s. 145-188Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 113.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Enculturation into academic culture through Active Participation in Professional Conferences2014Ingår i: International Journal of Nursing Didactics, ISSN 2231-5454, Vol. 4, nr 7, s. 18-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on academic cultures and specifically on the activity of attending conferences is sparse. The aim of this article is to describe the academic cultural activity of actively attending professional conferences and to provide novice researchers with structured guidance. The data is based on my own experiences of attending several conferences. The main goals of Active Participation in Professional Conferences (APPC) are to spread research results, gain insight from other researchers and their research, networking and, attaining merits. APPC is presented here as comprising three main phases: pre-conference preparation, on-site participation and post-conference review. In this study, APPC is viewed as an activity through which the identity of a researcher is socially constructed, involving disciplinary processes of being enculturated into the scientific culture, its norms and values.

  • 114.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Intensivpsykiatrisk omvårdnad: att skapa stabilitet och motverka turbulens2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 115.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Nursing Practice in Intensive Psychiatry: Moving From Rigidity To Flexibility2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 116.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Pleie i intensiv psykiatri: psykiatri rytmer og bevegelser i en stabilitetskultur2014Ingår i: Sykepleien Forskning, ISSN 1890-2936, E-ISSN 1891-2710, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 196-197Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 117.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Psykiatrisk omvårdnad i Turkiet2014Ingår i: Psyche, ISSN 0033-2623, nr 4, s. 18-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det kändes som om jag hade kunnat byta om, stämpla in och börja jobba på avdelningen”. I samband med en konferens om psykiatrisk omvårdnad i Ankara passade forskaren och psykiatrisjuksköterskan Martin Salzmann-Erikson på att besöka en psykiatrisk slutenvårdsavdelning.

  • 118.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Ersta-Sköndal Högskola, Oslo Universitetssjukhus.
    Stabilitet, rytm och rörelser: att konstruera vårdande i intensiv psykiatri2014Ingår i: Vårdande vid psykisk ohälsa: på avancerad nivå / [ed] Lena Wiklund Gustin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, s. 343-360Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 119.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Vårdmiljön inom PIVA främjar proaktiv vård2014Ingår i: Dagens Medicin, nr 2014-02-11Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 120.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Persson, Jennifer
    Rättspsykiatriska kliniken, Säter.
    Fallqvist, Carolina
    Landstinget Dalarna, Allmänpsykiatriska kliniken, Falun och Säter.
    De ropar efter hjälp, vi är vanmäktiga: att vårda patienter med självskadebeteende i rättspsykiatrisk vård2014Ingår i: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 48-52, artikel-id 113Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This study addresses self-injury among patients receiving care in forensic psychiatry.Background: Self-injury is common among patients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder, bipolar disorder with elements ofdepression and schizophrenia. Self-injury affects both the patient as well as their surroundings.Objective: To describe nurses' experiences of caring for patients with self-injurious behavior in forensic psychiatric care.Method: A qualitative approach was applied. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with eight nurses. The data werethereafter analysed with an inductive and manifest content analysis.Results: The results are presented according to two categories: ‘caring that evokes emotions’ and ‘caring that requires teamwork’.Discussion: In the present study, we demonstrate a duplicitous problem in which carers are divided over what is expected of them asresponsible and professional caregivers and their perceived lack of skills and their frustration.Conclusion: Viewing self-injury as a complex expression of mental illness, we recommend that further research is needed in this area– especially in the forensic psychiatric care context, where long term health care relationships are involved.

  • 121.
    Saunamäki, Nina
    et al.
    Registered Nurse,The County Council of Gävleborg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Matilda
    Registered Nurse,The County Council of Gävleborg, Sweden.
    Engström, Maria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Discussing sexuality with patients: nurses' attitudes and beliefs2010Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 66, nr 6, s. 1308-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This paper is a report of a study of Registered Nurses' attitudes and beliefs towards discussing sexuality with patients. Background: The World Health Organization regards sexuality as an essential and integrated part of being human. Studies show that diseases and treatments can affect sexuality and that a positive and respectful attitude towards sexuality is important to achieving sexual health. Method: The study had a correlative and comparative design. The Sexual Attitudes and Beliefs Survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 100 Swedish nurses in 2006, with a response rate of 88%. Results: Over 90% of nurses understood how patients' diseases and treatment might affect their sexuality. About two-thirds felt comfortable talking about sexual issues and agreed that it was their responsibility to encourage talk about sexual concerns. However, 80% did not take time to discuss sexual concerns, and 60% did not feel confident in their ability to address patients' sexual concerns. Older nurses felt more confident in their ability to address patients' sexual concerns, and the older the nurses, the more positive were their attitudes towards discussing sexuality. Nurses with further education also had a more positive attitude towards discussing sexuality. Conclusion: Education is essential to improve nurses' ability to give patients the holistic care they deserve. Studies are needed to understand fully what mechanisms underlie the barriers that clearly prevent nurses from addressing patients' sexuality.

  • 122.
    Saunamäki, Nina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Cty Council Gavleborg, Gavle, Sweden.
    Engström, Maria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Uppsala University, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Registered Nurses' Reflections on Discussing Sexuality with Patients: Responsibilities, doubts and fears2014Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 23, s. 531-540Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: To describe registered nurses' reflections on discussing sexuality with patients. Background: It is known that many diseases and treatments have a negative impact on sexual health. Despite these facts, registered nurses typically do not address sexual issues with patients. Design: A descriptive design and a qualitative approach were used. Methods: Interviews were conducted in 2010 with 10 registered nurses. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The themes 'Doing the right thing and doing good', 'Could've, would've, should've: a nurse's conflicting feelings' and 'I just don't talk about it: sexuality as a nontopic' confirmed the notion that discussing sexuality in nursing care is still challenging and difficult for nurses, but also revealed that nurses who do talk to patients about sexual issues do so based on their strong sense of wanting to help. They felt a responsibility because of their knowledge in the area, but the topic also brought out conflicting feelings such as fear and embarrassment. Lack of time, support and places to talk to patients in private as well as prejudice were contributing factors to their not addressing sexuality. Some nurses also felt that sexuality was someone else's responsibility and a taboo subject. Conclusions: Patients' sexuality is still surrounded by silence. But factors exist that can facilitate discussion of sexuality. Nurses have a key role in detecting ill-health. This study suggests that when nurses use their knowledge and go beyond their comfort zone and address sexuality, they can identify patients' sexual problems. Relevance to clinical practice: Nurses need to understand how their knowledge can help patients who are experiencing sexual problems; they also need support from the workplace and to have access to routines that reinforce the notion that sexuality is a topic worth discussing. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 123.
    Senn, B.
    et al.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Inselspital, University Hospital Berne, Berne, and Institute of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Kirsch, M.
    Department of Haematology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, and Institute of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Sanz, C. C.
    Department of Oncology-Haematology, University Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, and Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences Tecnocampus Mataró-Maresme, Mataró, Spain.
    Karlou, C.
    Department of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, and Oncology Department, General Air Force Hospital, Athens, Greece.
    Tulus, Kirsi
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    De Leeuw, J.
    Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre,Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
    Ringner, A.
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Goossens, G. A.
    Department of Surgical Oncology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, and Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Cleary, V.
    Catherine McAuley School of Nursing and Midwifery, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, University College Cork, Cork, Eire.
    How cancer research could benefit from the Complex Intervention Framework: students' experiences of the European Academy of Nursing Science summer school2011Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 1-4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 124.
    Sjölund, Britt-Marie
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Karolinska Institutet, Inst för neurobiologi, vårdvetenskap och samhälle.
    Physical functioning in old age: Temporal trends and geographical variation in Sweden2014Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    ADL disability is an age-related condition that leads to poor quality of life, increased health-related care costs, and increased mortality. The proportion of older adults are increasing worldwide, and it is therefore important both for society and the individual that research provide us with information about the process leading to ADL disability and how to identify persons at risk. The most effective design for following the aging process is found in population-based studies that include all older persons, both those living at home and those in residential care. This thesis uses data from three populationbased studies: the Kungsholmen Project (KP), the Nordanstig Project (NP) and the SNAC-N study. The aims of the thesis was to examine temporal changes in physical functioning in older adults, to identify underlying development of new disability and functional decline, as well as to explore geographical variation in physical functioning between urban and rural elderly habitats. We also wanted to describe the amount of informal and formal care in relation to levels of ADL disability. The ultimate aim was to identify factors suitable for prevention. Study I: We I compared two populations of older adults, 75 years and older (the KP and the NP) from different living areas (urban and rural) and found differences in ADL disability, morbidity and disease patterns. The most common health problem in both areas was cardiovascular diseases (39.9% in the urban area and 45.2% in the rural area). There were great differences, urban vs rural, in the prevalence of stroke (7.4% vs 14.0%), diabetes mellitus (6.3% vs 16.1%), and Parkinson’s disease (1.0% vs 3.7%). Having two or more diseases vs. no disease was more common in the rural area than in the urban area, odds ratio (OR) = 1.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4-2.4. Living area differences (urban vs rural) were found in population attributable risk (PAR) for disability due to stroke (5.6 vs 32.2), diabetes mellitus (1.2 vs 6.1), fractures (1.4 vs 10.7), and hearing impairment (8.7 vs 22.0). Study II: Data were gathered from a population-based study of adults 60 years and older, the SNAC-Nordanstig (SNAC-N), and the study explored the association between ADL disability, muscle strength, disease severity and mortality. Upper and lower muscle strength decreased with increasing age, with a tendency for lower performance in women than in men. A significant association was found between ADL disability and having reduced lower muscle strength. Having an increased number of diseases increased the risk of being ADL disabled. Diseases with the greatest impact on ADL disability were musculoskeletal diseases, hypertension and dementia. ADL disability and being unable to perform the gait speed test were factors that increased the risk of death. Inability to perform the chair stand test or weaker grip strength increased the risk of death for men. Study III: Data from two populations, 78 years and older, the NP (1995-1998) and the SNAC-N study (2001-2003), were used to study time trends in the prevalence of ADL disability and survival, comparing two cohorts. The prevalence of ADL disability was stable from 1995-1998 to 2001-2002 for men, while women became more disabled in ADL over the time period, (OR 2.36; CI 1.12-4.94). No significant difference was found in survival time between the cohorts in either ADL-disabled or non-disabled persons. There was a tendency for increased survival for non-disabled persons in the SNAC-N study compared with the NP, although it was not significant; this was particularly true for women. In general, women survived longer than men did regardless of whether they were ADL disabled or not. Study IV: The aims were to examine the incidence of ADL disability, to explore whether being physically active earlier in life is a significant predictor of being disability free at follow-up, and to describe the amount of informal and formal care received in relation to ADL disability. Data were gathered from persons 78 years and older in the SNAC-N study. The incidence rates for men were almost the same in the age group 78-81 compared with the age group 84 years and older, 42.3 vs. 42.5/1000 person-years. For women the incidence rate for ADL disability increased significantly from the age group 78-81 to the age group 84 years and older, 20.8 vs. 118.3/1000 person-years. In the age group 78-81 years, being physically active earlier (aOR 6.2) and during the past 12 months before the baseline examination (aOR 2.9) were both significant preventive factors for ADL disability. The amount of both informal and formal care increased with the number of ADL activities the persons were dependent on and the amount of informal care was greater than the amount of formal care. Conclusions: This thesis shows an increase in ADL disability due to increased age, and that women are more ADL disabled than men, but also shows how diseases affect ADL disability. The diseases that negatively affect ADL are often due to unhealthy lifestyle, e.g. physical inactivity, obesity and smoking, etc. The results show the importance of prevention of the factors that cause ADL disability, preferably already in midlife. The amount of both informal and formal care increased significantly with the number of ADL activities the persons required help with. Regarding prevention of becoming ADL disabled, it is of importance to find ways to postpone the onset of ADL disability so that we can live longer without disability.

  • 125.
    Sjölund, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Aging Research Center (ARC), Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Gävlegatan 16, 113 30 Stockholm, Sweden .
    Wimo, Anders
    Aging Research Center (ARC), Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Gävlegatan 16, 113 30 Stockholm, Sweden .
    Qiu, Chengxuan
    Aging Research Center (ARC), Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Gävlegatan 16, 113 30 Stockholm, Sweden .
    Engström, Maria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    von Strauss, Eva
    Aging Research Center (ARC), Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Gävlegatan 16, 113 30 Stockholm, Sweden .
    Time trends in prevalence of activities of daily living (ADL) disability and survival: Comparing two populations (aged 78+ years) living in a rural area in Sweden2014Ingår i: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print), ISSN 0167-4943, E-ISSN 1872-6976, Vol. 58, nr 3, s. 370-375Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to study time trends in prevalence of disability in ADL and survival among men and women 78 years and older comparing two cohorts. The study was a time trend study based on two population-based community cohorts, the Nordanstig Project (NP), collected 1995-1998 and the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Nordanstig (SNAC-N), collected 2001-2003. The participants were people aged 78 years and older from the NP cohort (N = 303) and from the SNAC-N cohort (N = 406). All were clinically examined by physicians and nurses using standardized protocols. Disability was defined as a need for assistance in one or more ADL activities. The prevalence of disability and survival were compared using logistic and Cox models. The prevalence of ADL disability was stable for men, while women became more disabled in ADL during the time period, OR 2.36 (1.12-4.94). There was no significant difference in survival time between the cohorts in either ADL disabled persons or nondisabled persons. There was a tendency for increased survival for non-disabled persons in SNAC-N compared with NP, although not significant; this was particularly true for women. In general, women survived longer than men did regardless of whether they were ADL disabled or not. The time trends for ADL disability found in the study show that ADL disability had increased in women but not in men. More studies are needed to identify risk factors for ADL disability with a view to preventing it in time. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 126.
    Skytt, Bernice
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Ledare behöver jag väl inte bli?: en diskussion om hur studenter föreställer sig den arbetsledande yrkesrollen2012Ingår i: I mötet mellan vetenskap och lärande: 13 högskolepedagogiska utmaningar / [ed] Göran Fransson & Helena Hammarström, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2012, s. 81-92Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 127.
    Skytt, Bernice
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Ljunggren, Birgitta
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Engström, Maria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    Uppsala universitet.
    Different development programmes: does it make a difference?2011Ingår i: Leadership in Health Services, ISSN 1751-1879, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 29-50Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 128.
    Slettebo, Åshild
    et al.
    University of Agder, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Grimstad and Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Råholm, Maj-Britt
    Sogn og Fjordane University College, Faculty of Health Studies, Førde, Norway .
    H Larssen, Birte
    Centre of Nursing Research –Viborg, Denmark and Clinical Associate Professor School of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Medicine, Nursing and Behavioural Science, Deakin University, Australia.
    Löfmark, Anna
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. , Stord/Haugesund University College, Department of Health Sciences, Haugesund, Norway .
    Doctoral programmes in the Scandinavian countries according to the Bologna Directive2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 129.
    Slettebo, Åshild
    et al.
    University of Agder and Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Råholm, Maj-Britt
    Sogn og Fjordane University College, Faculty of Health Studies, Førde, Norway.
    H Larssen, Birte
    Centre of Nursing Research, Viborg, Denmark and Clinical Associate Professor School of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Medicine, Nursing and Behavioural Science, Deakin University, Australia.
    Löfmark, Anna
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Stord/Haugesund University College, Norway.
    Doctoral programs in the Scandinavian countries after the Bologna directives2013Ingår i: Nordisk sygeplejeforskning, ISSN 1892-2678, E-ISSN 1892-2686, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 313-325Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe the doctoral programs for PhD in nursing and caring sciences and compare them within the Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). Design: The design is a review of selected doctoral programs in the Scandinavian countries. In Berlin in 2003, the Ministers in Europe decided to adopt a third cycle in the common educational system in the Bologna process, the doctoral education. Data sources: A review of educational programs in doctoral studies at different universities in Scandinavian countries is presented, namely Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden with an analysis of the programs and comparing them with general requirements for doctoral education in the different countries and the Bologna process requirements. Results: There are differences in length (3–4 years / 180 – 240 ECTS) which is in accordance with Bologna declaration that recommends 3–4 years for doctoral programs / third cycle. In addition the length of requirements for doctoral courses varies. A difficulty in deciding which scientific paradigm the programs support is discussed.Conclusion: Different structure may create problems for mobility. Possible lack of scientific paradigm in the programs may cause difficulties in building nursing as a discipline.

  • 130.
    Svedin, Tommy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Norrlander, Annelie
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Fläckman, Birgitta
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Levnadsvanor, upplevd stress och hälsa hos personal inom ambulansens och räddningstjänstens verksamheter2012Ingår i: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 16-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are comparable as well as non comparable factors for personnel involved in ambulance and emergency services. The aim of this study was to describe and compare the ambulance and emergency personnel-rated health, physical activity, diet and work-related stress factors and some physiological measurements. The groups were recruited through convenience sampling. Questionnaire was used as data collection method. In addition, physiological measurements of all participants were measured at one occasion. Important relationships emerged regarding health status, perceived fatigue and workload of ambulance personnel. Emergency services of physical activity showed a major difference in relation to ambulance personnel. Job satisfaction was perceived as good in both occupational groups, however, experienced ambulance personnel more psychologically stress. Significant difference was seen between the groups regarding fatigue after a session. Obese and those with high waistlines was over-represented in the ambulance. There were more ambulance personnel staffs that were treated for hypertension and /or diabetes. Differences were found between the groups regarding hypertension, diabetes and physical activity. It was concluded, the lifestyle factors that can prevent the risk of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome, are the ones, were not overweight, exercise regularly, had a good diet and experienced a good job satisfaction.

  • 131.
    Swenne, Christine L.
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Skytt, Bernice
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Uppsala universitet.
    The ward round: patient experiences and barriers to participation2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 297-304Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Patients' participation is essential to their well-being and sense of coherence, as well as to their understanding of and adherence to prescribed treatments. Ward rounds serve as a forum for sharing information between patient and caregiver. The purpose of the ward round is to obtain information and plan medical and nursing care through staff-patient communication.

    AIM AND OBJECTIVE:

    The aim and objective of this study was to investigate patients' experiences during the ward round and their ability to participate in their care.

    METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN AND JUSTIFICATION:

    The study was qualitative and descriptive in design. Fourteen inpatients at a cardiovascular ward were interviewed. Qualitative content analysis was used for the analysis.

    ETHICAL ISSUES AND APPROVAL:

    The ethics of scientific work were adhered to. Each study participant gave his/her informed consent based on verbal and written information. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee at Uppsala University.

    RESULTS:

    The analysis revealed one theme and three subthemes related to patients' experiences of ward rounds. The main theme was handling of information from the daily ward round while waiting for private consultation. The subthemes were making the best of the short time spent on ward rounds; encountering traditional roles and taking comfort in staff competency; and being able to choose the degree to which one participates in the decision-making process.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Several aspects of traditional ward round routines could be improved in regard to the two-way information exchange process between caregivers and patient. Patients' and caregivers' ability to communicate their goals and the environment in which the communication occurs are of great importance. The information provided by nurses is easier to understand than that provided by physicians. The atmosphere must be open; the patient should be treated with empathy by staff; and patients' right to participate must be acknowledged by all healthcare professionals involved.

  • 132.
    Swing, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Gunningberg, Lena
    Uppsala Universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap .
    Högman, Marieann
    Mamhidir, Anna-Greta
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Registered nurses’ attention to and perceptions of pressure ulcer prevention in hospital settings2012Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 21, nr 9/10, s. 1293-1303Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. To describe how registered nurses perform, document and reflect on pressure ulcer prevention in a specific nurse-patient care situation, as well as generally, on hospital wards. Background. Registered nurses should provide safe and qualified pressure ulcer prevention, but pressure ulcers remain a problem. Compliance with evidence-based guidelines impedes pressure ulcer formation. Design. A descriptive design with a multimethods approach. Method. Nine registered nurses at three wards and hospitals participated. The registered nurses were observed in a specific nurse-patient care situation with patients at risk for pressure ulcers. Interviews followed and patients' records were reviewed. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis methods were used. Results. Pressure ulcer prevention performed by the registered nurses was dependent on the cultural care, which ranged from planned to unplanned prevention. Diversity was found in compliance with evidence-based guidelines across the wards. Although all patients involved were at risk and the nurses described pressure ulcer prevention as basic care, the nurses' attention to prevention was lacking. Few prevention activities and no structured risk assessments using risk assessment tools were observed, and few care plans were identified. The lack of attention was explained by registered nurses' trust in assistant nurses' knowledge, and prevention was seen as an assistant nurse task. Conclusion. Registered nurses paid little attention to pressure ulcer prevention among patients at risk. The planned and unplanned care structures affected the prevention. The nurses trusted and largely delegated their responsibility to the assistant nurses. Relevance to clinical practice. Evidence-based pressure ulcer prevention is fundamental to patient safety. Care quality is created in situations where patients and care providers meet. How registered nurses work with pressure ulcer prevention, their role and communication, particularly with assistant nurses, should be of major concern to them as well as to healthcare managers.

  • 133.
    Ternesten Hasséus, Ewa
    et al.
    Avd för Invärtes Medicin/Lungmedicin och Allergologi, Inst för Medicin, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Götegorgs universitet.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Livskvalitet och copingstrategier hos patienter med sensorisk hypereaktivitet2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 134.
    Wallin, E.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Larsson, I.-M.
    Uppsala University, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Rubertsson, S.
    Uppsala University, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Survivors after cardiac arrest and hypothermia treatment: Function and satisfaction in the first 6 months2013Ingår i: Intensive Care Medicine, ISSN 0342-4642, E-ISSN 1432-1238, Vol. 39, nr Suppl. 2, s. S289-S289, artikel-id 0270Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION

    The purpose of resuscitation and subsequent hypothermia treatment isto regain the health the patient had before the cardiac arrest. The effect can be classified indifferent ways: survival, time of survival and quality of life (QoL) (1). The life after cardiacarrest survival are affected and described as severe fatigue, feelings of anxiety and/ordepression, increased dependency in activity of daily life (ADL) and decreased QoL. (2)The aim of the study was to describe differences over time regarding functional outcome,physical and cognitive function of survivors after cardiac arrest treated with hypothermiaand also to examine survivors’ life satisfaction 6 months after cardiac arrest and genderdifferences.

    OBJECTIVES

    A prospective study including 40 cardiac arrest survivors admitted to threeSwedish hospitals between 2008 and 2012.

    METHODS

    Participants were studied from intensive care unit discharge to one and6 months after cardiac arrest. In addition to cerebral performance category (CPC), partic-ipants were asked to answer questionnaires regarding activities in daily life (Barthel Index),cognitive function (Mini Mental State Examination) and life satisfaction (LiSat-11).

    RESULTS

    At discharge from intensive care unit 9 (22.5 %) participants were defined withbad functional outcome (CPC 3–4). CPC improved over time and at 6 month all participantswere estimated with good functional outcome (CPC 1–2). At 1 month participants wereimpaired but they improved over time in their activities in daily life and cognitive function.Satisfaction with ‘‘life as a whole’’ was seen in 72.5 %.

    CONCLUSIONS

    Cardiac arrest survivors are satisfied with life as a whole despite a severeillness which has impaired their physical and cognitive function but seemed to improve overtime. To predict patients’ functional outcome in early stages is difficult and cerebral per-formance category alone is not sufficient to assess patients function. The healthcare teamneeds to work interdisciplinary and furthermore get a consensus of the instruments that bestcan reflect physical and cognitive function to specify the rehabilitation.

    REFERENCE(S)1: Cummins RO, Chamberlain D, Hazinski MF, Nadkarni V, Kloeck W,Kramer E, et al. Recommended guidelines for reviewing, reporting, and conducting researchon in-hospital resuscitation: the in-hospital ‘Utstein style’. American Heart Association.Circulation. 1997;95(8):2213–39. PubMed PMID: 9133537. 2. Moulaert VR, WachelderEM, Verbunt JA, Wade DT, van Heugten CM. Determinants of quality of life in survivors ofcardiac arrest. J Rehabil Med. 2010;42(6):553–8. PubMed PMID: 20549160.

  • 135.
    Wallin, Ewa
    et al.
    Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Larsson, Ing-Marie
    Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Rubertsson, Sten
    Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Cardiac arrest and hypothermia treatment: function and life satisfaction among survivors in the first 6 months2014Ingår i: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 85, nr 4, s. 538-543Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim of the study:

    To describe differences over time in outcome, physical and cognitive function among survivors of cardiac arrest treated with hypothermia and to examine survivors’ life satisfaction 6 months after cardiac arrest as well as gender differences. Methods: The study was prospective and included 45 cardiac arrest survivors admitted to three Swedish hospitals between 2008 and 2012. Participants were followed from intensive care unit discharge to one and six months after cardiac arrest. In addition to cerebral performance category (CPC), participants were asked to complete questionnaires regarding activities in daily life (Barthel index), cognitive function (mini mental state examination), and life satisfaction (LiSat-11). Results: Outcome measured using CPC scores improved over time. At 6 months, all participants were classified as having a good outcome. At one month, participants were impaired but improved over time in their activities in daily life and cognitive function. At 6 months satisfaction with "life as a whole" was seen in 70%. Conclusions: Cardiac arrest survivors are satisfied with life as a whole despite a severe illness that has impaired their physical and cognitive function, which seemed to improve over time. Predicting patients’ functional outcome in early stages is difficult, and the CPC score alone is not sufficient to assess patients’ function. It is a need to reach a consensus to which instruments best reflect physical and cognitive function as well as to specify a rehabilitation plan.

  • 136.
    Wallin, Ewa
    et al.
    Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Larsson, Ing-Marie
    Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Rubertsson, Sten
    Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Relatives' experiences of everyday life six months after hypothermia treatment of a significant other's cardiac arrest2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 137.
    Wallin, Ewa
    et al.
    Inst. för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Larsson, Ing-Marie
    Inst. för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Rubertsson, Sten
    Inst. för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Uppsala universitet.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Relatives' experiences of everyday life six months after hypothermia treatment of a significant other's cardiac arrest2013Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 22, nr 11-12, s. 1639-1646Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 138.
    Westerberg Jacobson, Josefin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Talking with Children with Eating Disorders2014Ingår i: Listening to the Children, 2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Talking with Children with ED
  • 139.
    Westerberg Jacobson, Josefin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Wish to be thinner2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 140.
    Westerberg Jacobson, Josefin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Wish to be thinner: Development and prediction of disturbed eating: A longitudinal study of Swedish girls and young women2011Ingår i: Wish to be thinner: Development and prediction of disturbed eating: A longitudinal study of Swedish girls and young women / [ed] Andreas Birgegård, 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the development and prediction of disturbed eating attitudes in 7-20 year old girls. The four studies are part of a seven-year longitudinal project including 1279 girls in several age groups (7, 9, 11, 13, 15 years at inclusion) and their parents.Study I showed that among 11- and 13-year-old girls disturbed eating attitudes increased with increasing age, and that eating attitudes, higher BMI than peers, a less healthy relation to family, and fathers’ eating attitudes, predicted disturbed eating attitudes 2-years later. In study II girls in the ages 9-15 years who wished to be thinner dieted more often, thought that they would be more popular if they were thinner, were skipping meals more often and had a higher BMI compared to the girls without such a wish over five years. Study III demonstrated an increasing trend in the wish to be thinner and dieting attempts between the ages 9-18 years. Among 7-11-year old girls motives for wishing to be thinner were e.g., “feel better about yourself” and “correspond to the societal ideal”. A majority of the girls adopted healthy weight control practices, but also extreme weight control practices were used. In Study IV among 9 and 13-year old girls a wish to be thinner, fathers’ eating attitudes and mothers’ perfectionism contributed most to the prediction of disturbed eating attitudes 7-years later. Protective factors were low BMI, low to medium degree of perfectionism, more healthy eating attitudes and high self-esteem.

    In conclusion a wish to be thinner, BMI, eating attitudes, family influences, self-esteem and perfectionism are important factors for development of disturbed eating attitudes in girls. The ‘thin ideal’ internalizes early in girls and it is important to take a critical stand to the thinness ideal in our society, especially in family and school.  

     

     

  • 141.
    Westerberg Jacobson, Josefin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Edlund, Birgitta
    Uppsala university Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Motives for Wishing to be Thinner and Weight-control Practices in 7 to 18-Year-Old Swedish Girls2012Ingår i: / [ed] Dr Paul Robinson, Chair, Organising Committe, EDIC 2012, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Final programme
  • 142.
    Westerberg-Jacobson, Josefin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Ghaderi, Ata
    Uppsala universitet.
    Edlund, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    A longitudinal study of motives for wishing to be thinner and weight-control practices in 7- to 18-year-old Swedish girls2012Ingår i: European eating disorders review, ISSN 1072-4133, E-ISSN 1099-0968, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 294-302Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this seven-year longitudinal study, of 411 Swedish pre-adolescent girls (aged 7-11 years, Year 1), was to examine a wish to be thinner, dieting attempts, described motives to be thinner and weight-control practices. A further aim was to examine to what extent body mass index (BMI) accounted for motives for wishing to be thinner and weight-control practices. A wish to be thinner and dieting attempts increased significantly with increasing age between the ages of 9 and 18. The most frequently reported motive for wishing to be thinner was to 'feel better about yourself'. Categories that emerged from the qualitative analysis of self-described motives for the wish to be thinner were, for example, to 'correspond to the societal ideal' and to 'wear particular clothes'. A majority of the girls adopted weight-control practices that would be considered as healthy, but extreme weight control practices increased with age. Girls with BMIs over the 75th percentile reported a greater number of motives for wishing to be thinner and used extreme weight-control practices significantly more often than the other girls. However, of the girls who changed BMI from above the 75th percentile to under the 75th percentile, 34,1% reported that they had not used any weight-control practices at all. Our results show that girls at a very early age are aware of the 'thin' ideal in our society, wish to be thinner and try to lose weight. The results point to the importance of detecting girls who wish to be thinner as early as possible. If we can employ preventive action in time, it is possible that dieting behaviour will never develop.

  • 143.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, CBF.
    Björklund, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, CBF.
    Djupsjöbacka, Mats
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, CBF.
    Nilsson, Annika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    Can internationally recommended outcome domains capture aspects that are prominent for the health experiences of women with neck- and shoulder pain?: A factor analysis. (Poster)2010Ingår i: Proceedings of the Premus 2010 conference (Seventh International Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders) August 29-September 2, Angers, France, 2010, s. 283-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 144.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, CBF.
    Björklund, Martin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, CBF.
    Nilsson, Annika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
    An initial factor analysis of prominent aspects of health experiences for women with neck-shoulder pain2012Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 34, nr 11, s. 934-942Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The prospect of adequate comparisons is essential to decide on the effectiveness of different treatments. As there is a lack of unity in choice of questionnaires and included measures concerning musculoskeletal disorders, further investigations based on international recommendations are of interest. The intention of present study was to initiate the development of a clinically useful short-form questionnaire.  The aim was to select items that capture prominent health aspects for women with neck-shoulder pain and thereby reduce the number of items to a clinically more convenient amount, and to determine the underlying structure of included items. Method: Data were collected in a randomised controlled trial including women with non-specific neck-shoulder pain >3 months (n = 117). Data collection included three core domains: pain intensity, physical and emotional functioning, and analysis was performed using Principal component analysis, and Varimax rotation. Results: The resulting 9-factor solution included interference, solicitous/distracting responses, mood and feelings about self and relations, pain intensity, punishing responses, personal growth, life-control, sleep, and appetite (29 items). Conclusions: The results will contribute to the development of a reduced battery of questions representing core dimensions. Such questionnaire would lighten the assessment load in the clinic as well as in research.

  • 145.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Rissén, Dag
    CFUG, Centrum för forskning och utveckling, Uppsala universitet / Landstinget Gävleborg.
    Nilsson, Annika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Utvärdering av muskuloskeletala besvär: Utveckling av ett kliniskt användbart frågeformulär för personer med besvär från rörelseapparaten2013Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Projektbeskrivning
  • 146.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    District nurses' and registered nurses' training in and use of motivational interviewing in primary care settings2014Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 23, nr 15-16, s. 2284-2294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives

    To examine to what extent district nurses and registered nurses have training in motivational interviewing, to what extent they use it and what prerequisites they have for using it; to compare district nurses and registered nurses, as well as to compare users and nonusers of motivational interviewing; and to examine possible relationships between use of motivational interviewing and the variables training, supervision and feedback in motivational interviewing and prerequisites for use.

    Background

    Motivational interviewing is an effective method for motivating patients to change their lifestyle, used increasingly in primary care.

    Design

    A cross-sectional survey study.

    Methods

    A study-specific questionnaire was sent to all district nurses and registered nurses (n = 980) in primary care in three counties in Sweden, from September 2011–January 2012; 673 (69%) responded. Differences between groups as well as relationships between study variables were tested.

    Results

    According to self-reports, 59% of the respondents had training in motivational interviewing and 57% used it. Approximately 15% of those who reported using it had no specific training in the method. More district nurses than registered nurses had training in motivational interviewing and used it. The following factors were independently associated with the use of motivational interviewing: training in and knowledge of motivational interviewing, conditions for using it, time and absence of ‘other’ obstacles.

    Conclusions

    Having knowledge in motivational interviewing and personal as well as workplace prerequisites for using it may promote increased use of motivational interviewing.

    Relevance to clinical practice

    Having the prerequisites for using motivational interviewing at the workplace is of significance to the use of motivational interviewing. In the context of primary care, district nurses seem to have better prerequisites than registered nurses for using motivational interviewing.

123 101 - 146 av 146
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf