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  • 101.
    Kroon, Ann
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    The ruins of Managua vieja: the use of expressive photography in urban ethnography2016Ingår i: Visual Studies, ISSN 1472-586X, E-ISSN 1472-5878, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 191-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article proposes a method of conducting urban visual work – a practice-led visual study in which researcher-generated expressive photography explores the ‘city-as-archive’ (Hetherington 2013) and contributes to the urban visual archive. The photographs used in this article focus upon the social world of material remnants in the setting of the old downtown of Managua, Nicaragua. The aim of the article is four-fold: to suggest the epistemological gains of expressive photography, to discuss the methodology and style, to present the use of these images in an urban visual ethnography of Managua and to address related ethical concerns. Although expressive photographs are used to some extent by scholars, there is a noticeable lack of discussion of the method and empirical examples in urban visual studies. In this article, I propose intentionally using expressive photography to convey the subjective and affective knowledge that is generally not communicated by more conventional, ‘realist’ documentary visual techniques. Moving into a more explicit conversation of the work process, I point out three arenas for inquiry, for which this method can be useful. I detail my own visual ethnographic practice, and present my primary visual aims in three image clusters: expressive photography in conjunction with historical images, theorising the oscillation between absence and presence and visually interpreting the vernacular design of the ruinscape. The article concludes with a consideration of ‘ruin romance’ as an ethical concern, as well as some reflections over perceived difficulties in using this method as a means of doing academic research. 

  • 102.
    Kylin-Blom, Evelina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Skarin, Malin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Elevcoacher i högstadieskolan: vilken funktion och betydelse har de?2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bland andra Skolverket och EU:s barnkonvention stadgar att staten har ansvar för att barn och unga ska ha en trygg uppväxtmiljö. Skolan utgör en stor del av uppväxtmiljön och på vissa skolor har man tillsatt insatsen elevcoach. Syftet med studien var att undersöka elevcoachers funktion inom högstadieskolan. Studien hade utgångspunkt i professionsteori och salutogent perspektiv. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med tre elevcoacher och tre lärare gav studien resultatet att elevcoacher kan räknas som paraprofessioner, men inte som den klassiska definitionen av professioner. Elevcoacher beskrevs ha en tryggande roll och funktion både för elever och personal. Det framkom även av studien att elevcoacher upplevdes ha en avlastande funktion för lärare. Dock antydde informanterna på att elevcoachernas arbete inte alltid respekteras av övrig personal. Elevcoacher beskrevs ha betydelse både för elevers välbefinnande och skolresultat. Slutligen presenterades att elevcoacher som insats är betydelsefull och uppskattad av informanterna, som har erfarenhet av insatsen.

  • 103.
    Larsson, Frida
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Widmark, Emelie
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    "Hur ser verkligheten ut?": Socialarbetare på individ- och familjeomsorgens (IFO) upplevelser av rutiner och riktlinjer kring hot och våld på arbetsplatsen2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine social workers view on the implementation of routines and guidelines related to workplace violence. How it is prevented and their thoughts about how the routines and guidelines around this subject are working from paper to practice. Violence is a general problem, although it´s more pronounced in organisations with close contact with clients. Laws regarding workplace state that both employers and employees are obligated to see to that the prevention work is fulfilled. The essay aims to find out if this is working in the real life or what the problem could be if it´s not working. The research approach of this study is qualitative and four semi-structured interviews are used. The obvious results were that there are flaws in the staff's knowledge of their own guidelines and action plans. The staff perceived that the workplace offers training about workplace violence and that there are meetings revolving around this subject but nonetheless they felt insecure about what to really do if a situation of violence occurs. The social workers also admitted that none of them had read the documents for prevention work. Although the workplace has clear routines and guidelines, much more work needs to be done to engage the employees and make everyone work together.

  • 104.
    Larsson, Gustav
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Åsbrink, Johan
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Att få eleven att återvända till skolan: En kvalitativ studie om socionomers och pedagogers erfarenheter av arbetet med långvarig ogiltig skolfrånvaro2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning om långvarig ogiltig skolfrånvaro har identifierat ett flertal risk- och skyddsfaktorer som påverkar elevens skolfrånvaro. Syftet var att studera socionomers och pedagogers uppfattning om och i vilken utsträckning kända påverkansfaktorer tillvaratas för att beakta ett helhetsperspektiv i arbetet med att motverka långvarig ogiltig skolfrånvaro samt vilka aspekter av samverkan som finns. Studien har haft två frågeställningar; på vilket sätt upplever professionella att kända påverkansfaktorer tas tillvara för att beakta ett helhetsperspektiv i arbetet med att motverka långvarig ogiltig skolfrånvaro samt vilka aspekter av samverkan socionomer och pedagoger som finns i arbetet med att motverka långvarig ogiltig skolfrånvaro. Materialet samlades in genom fokusgruppsintervjuer och systemteori och organisationsteori har använts för att analysera resultatet. Resultatet visade att en central del i de professionellas arbete är att kartlägga elevens problematik, vilket ofta består av en sammansatt problembild där flera faktorer spelar in. Även samverkan med andra parter som arbetar med eleven beskrivs som nödvändigt för att insatser mot långvarig ogiltig skolfrånvaro ska bli verksamma.

  • 105.
    Larsson Kopec, Marlene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Persson, Ann-Catrin
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Delaktighet i skolan för elever med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur grundskolor från klass 1-9 i en mellanstor stad i Sverige, arbetar för att främja delaktighet för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar. Studien har tre stycken frågeställningar; hur skolorna främjar delaktigheten, hur de upplever sina resurser och om arbetet skiljer sig mellan resursskolorna och de kommunala skolorna. För att besvara syftet och frågeställningar genomfördes en kvalitativ studie med fem stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer med rektorer och enhetschefer från tre stycken resursskolor och två stycken kommunala skolor. Datan analyserades sedan genom en deduktiv analysmetod. Resultatet visar att skolor arbetar för att främja elevernas delaktighet genom att först utveckla deras sociala förmåga både i klassen och utanför, anpassa miljön och ge individanpassade lösningar anpassad efter alla elevers individuella behov. Brist på personal samt kunskapsbrist hos befintlig personal upplevdes som största resursbristen och den största skillnaden mellan resursskolorna och de kommunala skolorna var personaltätheten.

  • 106.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Stockholms universitet.
    Lilja, JohnHögskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.Sjöblom, YvonneStockholms universitet.
    Narrative Methods in Understanding the Use and Misuse of Alcohol and Drugs: Substance Use and Misuse, Special Issue2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 107.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lilja, John
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    General theoretical perspectives of narrative analysis of substance use-related dependency2013Ingår i: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, nr 13, s. 1294-1305Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides a short introduction to, and an overview for, using narrative analysis in the understanding of the use and misuse of alcohol and drugs. Important theoretical and methodological dimensions are discussed. Some tentative conclusions, limitations, and unresolved critical issues concerning the use of narrative research methods in the analysis of substance use-related dependency problems are also presented.

  • 108.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lilja, John
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden, and 3Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linköping, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Introduction: Using narrative research methods for the analysis of use and misuse of alcohol and drugs2013Ingår i: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, nr 13, s. 1286-1293Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 109.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Sohlberg, Peter
    Norges Tekniske-Naturvitenskaplige Universitet, Trondheim; Uppsala universitet.
    Socialpsykologi för socialt arbete2014 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 110.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    von Braun, Therese
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Institutionen för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Lilja, John
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Multidimensionell analys inom socialt arbete och förståelsen av hälsa och välbefinnande i samhället: arbetsliv som en coping-strategi2014Ingår i: Hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv: ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & Sam Larsson, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2014, s. 115-158Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 111.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lilja, John
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    A multidimensional model for narrative analysis of substance use-related dependency2013Ingår i: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, nr 13, s. 1306-1316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the possibilities and limitations of using a narrative method as a framework within a multidimensional model for exploring and analyzing the use and misuse of alcohol and drugs. It is posited that a multidimensional model, based on narrative reasoning, can give a more detailed and specific understanding of substance users, who represent a heterogeneous population of people, and of substance use-related dependency problems. Such a model describes and analyses the drug-use related problems in a manner that provides holistic and important information and knowledge about the person by contextual and situation interaction processes which are involved in the use/misuse of alcohol and drugs. Tentative conclusions and unresolved critical issues are considered.

  • 112.
    Larsson, Sam
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lilja, John
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linköping, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Hamilton, David
    Department of Education, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
    A self-theoretical perspective on the use-misuse of alcohol and drugs based on qualitative and narrative data2013Ingår i: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, nr 13, s. 1317-1335Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses different self-theoretical perspectives of the self that are of importance in the analysis of the use and misuse of alcohol and psychoactive drugs. The self-theories considered here include cognitive, psychodynamic, transpersonal, and social constructivist perspectives. A multidimensional perspective focusing on the connection between identity structures and analyzing the use/misuse of alcohol and psychoactive drugs is presented. The article argues for a self-theoretical analysis based on narrative data in order to reach an in-depth understanding of the use and misuse of alcohol and psychoactive drugs.

  • 113.
    Larsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Wermelin, Mikaela
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Vägen ur våldet - en process: En kvalitativ studie om hur fem kvinnor som levt i en våldsrelation beskriver kontakten med socialtjänsten2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Women who suffer from domestic violence are a frequent phenomena. According to the social services, these women have the right to help and support from the social welfare board, also called “socialnämnden”. Previous research has shown that social workers must adapt their work according to the clients needs. In this study we ask ourselves: “how does these women describe the social services function in the process of leaving domestic abuse?” And also, “how would these women describe their experience with the social services?” The empirical material of this study has been gathered through 5 qualitative interviews with women who has been in a domestic abuse, and the most vital finding of this study is found to be the lack of treatment, the importance of understanding from fellow men and finally, the importance and the lack of intercommunication between different authorities and units within the social services. We argue that work by the social services should pervade both empowerment and a salutogenic mind, and adapt to each individual who seeks help. The discussion about this phenomena should continue in order to advance further methods and the general knowledge in society. 

  • 114.
    Leijon, Frida
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Stibe, Therese
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Tolkanvändning i socialt arbete utifrån socialarbetares perspektiv2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att från socialarbetares perspektiv studera betydelsen av att använda platstolk i interaktion med klienter. I studien genomfördes det fem kvalitativa intervjuer med socialarbetare som arbetar inom olika avdelningar på socialtjänsten. Studiens resultat analyserades utifrån kommunikationsteori, socialkonstruktivism och intersektionalitet. Studiens resultat analyserades med hermeneutisk. Resultatet visar att tolks närvaro kan påverka samtalet genom att det blir missförstånd mellan klient och socialarbetare, samtalet kan även ta längre tid än samtal utan tolk. Tolken och klientens bakgrundsfaktorer (etnicitet, klass, kön och ålder) påverkar på grund av att det kan finnas motsättningar mellan dem. Klientens berättelse kan bli förvrängd, klienten vågar inte berätta om känsliga ämnen eller så kan tolk vägra tolka för det motsatta könet.

  • 115.
    Lilja, John
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Larsson, Sam
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    von Braun, Thérèse
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; University of Linköping, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Discussion about narrative methods as a strategy for investigating and understanding the use and misuse of alcohol and drugs2013Ingår i: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, nr 13, s. 1438-1446Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Preliminary and tentative conclusions concerning theoretical and methodological issues about narrative methods and their use as a research strategy for investigating and understanding the use and misuse of alcohol and drugs are presented. The treatment methods that are influenced by narrative strategies as well as this tool's limitations are noted. The article focuses particularly on approaches based on, and influenced by, psychology, sociology and social work when conducting narrative research.

  • 116.
    Lind, Isabelle
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Öhlin, Jennifer
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Transgenderism and the Social Services: A qualitative study about transgender people and their experiences of the Social Services in Sweden2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how transgender people may experience the services that are offered by the Social Services. To fulfill the aim, the researchers decided to focus on the transgender peoples’ perspectives, and therefore chose to interview them and put them in an expert position. In this study a qualitative approach was used, and the data was gathered through two semi-structured face-to-face interviews. The main result was that the participants experienced that the Social Services sometimes might not have the right knowledge to give them proper information, sufficient support and the help they needed. Therefore, the participants often searched for information on their own, and the trust for the Social Services was unsatisfactory. One conclusion that could be drawn from this study was that the Social Services need to increase and improve their level of knowledge within this subject.

  • 117.
    Lindahl Norberg, Annika
    et al.
    Childhood Cancer Research Unit, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Forinder, Ulla
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Childhood Cancer Research Unit, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Different Aspects of Psychological Ill Health in a National Sample of Swedish Parents after Successful Paediatric Stem Cell Transplantation2016Ingår i: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 63, nr 6, s. 1065-1069Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Paediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may have great psychological impact on parents during the intense treatment period as well as many years after a successful transplantation. Since different psychological disorders require different interventions, a differentiation of general distress into specific types of psychological ill health is essential. The aim of this descriptive study was to distinguish anxiety, depression, and burnout, and investigate occurrence and co-occurrence of these in a national Swedish sample of parents of children who had undergone HSCT and survived.

    PROCEDURE: Established self-report instruments (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, posttraumatic stress checklist, and Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire) were used to assess parents' subjective suffering.

    INCLUSION CRITERIA: the child had to be alive; ≤18 years of age; >6 months since HSCT.

    RESULTS: Four hundred twenty-one eligible parents (220 mothers and 201 fathers) were identified, of whom 284 choose to participate (response rate 67%). In total, 134 parents (87 mothers, 47 fathers) reported clinically relevant levels of one or more of the assessed types of psychological ill health, representing 48% of the responding participants and 32% of the entire national population of parents of children who had undergone HSCT and survived. Anxiety and/or burnout were reported most frequently. A majority reported more than one type of psychological ill health. Depression only was rare.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings underscore the importance of recognizing-in research as well as in clinical practice-that different types of psychological ill health may affect parents after successful HSCT. When parents present with psychological suffering, a referral for qualified assessment is warranted to obtain the proper treatment.

  • 118.
    Lindberg, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Strömberg, Annika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    The birth, rise and success (or fall?) of an intervention project: GodA – a project set up to test a model of the prerequisites for a healthy workplace2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Conditions in today’s working life make new approaches necessary in order to limit negative health effects of working life and to enhance wellbeing and health at work. Despite rather progressive legislation, a century of labour inspections, and the efforts of thousands of occupational health personnel, still around 20% of the Swedish workforce report to have had work-related disorders other than accidents during the last year (1). Even if this "elimination approach" partly has succeeded it´s obvious that it is insufficient or inadequate for a working life where key issues for progress are motivation, cooperation and creativity (2). In order to achieve a sustainable working life, not the least to coop with issues related to the ageing population in the developed countries, it is likely that strategies and actions from different and new angles are needed.

    Healthy workplace has been defined as an organization that maximizes the integration of worker goals for wellbeing and company objectives for profitability and productivity(3). It is noteworthy that the notion healthy workplace is not a substitute for good work environment it is a consequence. Different models, e.g. the PATH-model by Grawitch et al.(4) shows a synthesis of earlier research in a number of different disciplines and frames how a healthy workplace with wellbeing for the individual and organizational improvements can be achieved. Five general categories of healthy workplace practices were identified in the literature: work-life balance, employee growth and development, health and safety, recognition, and employee involvement. Previous research also suggests that the link between these practices and employee and organizational outcomes is contingent on the effectiveness of communication within the organization and the alignment of workplace practices with the organizational context.

    The GodA-project aims at investigating if work place strategies in line with the PATH-model lead to better health and wellbeing among the employees as well as organizational improvements.

    The GodA project is a 2 year follow up study with a survey feedback design in three companies with both blue- and white collar workers within the energy sector. One of the companies serves as "intervention company", the other two as controls. The project started out with a pre-project, by means of focus groups and individual interviews, in 2012 in order to find out how employees and managers in the three companies describe the concept of a healthy work environment, what they consider to create well-being at work, and how they perceive their own work environment:

    What factors are important for well-being at work? presented by T. Karlsson

    In 2013 a baseline questionnaire where was sent out including items a) based on the results from the pre-study, and b) well-established questions and indices on health and work environment. The results from the survey have been reported back to the companies, which now are processing their results. Research question to be presented and discussed at the symposium:

    Is there a balance between factors of importance for wellbeing at work and the extent to which they are present at the workplace? presented by P. Lindberg.

    Is there a correlation between psychosocial work climate indicators and work-related well-

    The PATH-model emphasizes internal communication as critical in establishing a healthy workplace. As the baseline results show that the communication is not very well developed, this is the primary target for our intervention. We will demonstrate a method for how the survey data are presented back to the intervention company and how they are going to work with the results to improve their work environment, and at the same time enhance communication skills.

    After our presentation we invite the audience to discuss both the GodA-study and more general methodological issues when conducting intervention-studies, e.g:

    - When is a company ready (mature) to take part in research activities?

    - What are the pitfalls in workplace intervention studies?

    - To what degree can the researchers interact at the workplace and still be objective?

    - What is the value of focusing on the items that the employees responded to in the survey?

    References

    1. Swedish Work Environment Authority. Work -related disorders 2010 - Arbetsmiljöstatistisk Rapport 2010:4. Stockholm: Swedish Work Environment Authority. & Statistics Sweden 2010.

    2. Aronsson G, Gustafsson K, Hakanen J. On the development of a positive work-life psychology. In: Christensen M, editor. Validation and test of central concepts in positive work and organizatinal psychology The second report from the Nordic project 'Positive factors at work'. TemaNord 2009:564. Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers; 2009. p. 93-4.

    3. Sauter S, Lim S, Murphy L. Organizational health: A new paradigm for occupational stress research at NIOSH. Japanese Journal of Occupational Mental Health. 1996;4:248-54.

    4. Grawitch MJ, Gottschalk M, Munz DC. The path to a healthy workplace: A critical review linking healthy workplace practices, employee well-being, and organizational improvements. Consulting Psychology Journal. 2006;58(3):129-47.

  • 119.
    Lindberg, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Strömberg, Annika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Can a systematic participative method for procesing workplace survey data enhance organizational communication skills?2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The concept healthy workplace has been defined as an organization that maximizes the integration of worker goals for wellbeing and company objectives for profitability and productivity (Sauter, Lim, & Murphy, 1996). The PATH-model (Grawitch, Gottschalk, & Munz, 2006) shows a synthesis of earlier research in a number of different disciplines and frames how a healthy workplace with wellbeing for the individual along with organizational improvements can be achieved. The model suggests five general categories of healthy workplace practices: work-life balance, employee growth and development, health and safety, recognition, and employee involvement. In order for these workplace practices to have an influence on the employees and the organizational outcomes the effectiveness of communication within the organization is crucial as is the alignment of workplace practices with the organizational context. Effective organizational communication in this context means that the management communicates what the organization offers the employees in order to enable good performance and wellbeing at work as well as that the employees state their needs in order to do a good job. The ongoing GodA-project (a Swedish acronym for good work environments and healthy workplaces) aims at investigating if workplace strategies in line with the PATH-model add to better health and wellbeing among the employees as well as organizational improvements. The present study is part of the GodA-project and aims at exploring to which extent the specific “GodA-method” for processing workplace survey data influences organizational communication skills. 

    Methods

    The GodA study is a 2-year follow up study with a survey feedback design in three companies with both blue- and white collar workers. One of the companies serves as “intervention-company”, the other two as controls. The project started in 2012 with a pre-project by means of focus groups and individual interviews in order to find out how employees and managers in the three companies describe the concept of a healthy work environment and what contributes to their well-being at work. In 2013 a baseline questionnaire was sent out including items, a) based on the combined results of the pre-study and a comprehensive literature review (Lindberg & Vingård, 2012) , and b) well-established questions on health and work environment. The results from the survey were reported back to the companies, which have been processing their respective results. In spring 2015 another survey wave was administered. Parallel, data concerning the company’s key indicators and internal development have been collected.

     Baseline results in the GodA-study showed that the employees considered communication as a very important factor for their well-being at work. However, they also reported that the internal communication was not at all at desired level. Considering that the PATH-model emphasizes internal communication as critical in establishing a healthy workplace, the intervention was designed to enhance communication skills. The “GodA-method”, to process the survey feedback was developed in collaboration with the “intervention-company”. In short, the baseline results concerning health, and physical- and psychosocial factors at the workplace, as reported by respective working group, are split into nine themes. Each theme is designed small enough to be processed during the groups’ monthly staff meetings. At the meetings the employees discuss today’s theme, first without then together with their supervisor and decide upon one measurable action to be taken to improve their work environment. To begin each discussion without the supervisor was a chosen strategy in order to empower the employees and in an implicit way train communication skills. The intervention has been followed by process evaluation forms for the supervisors as well as group interviews with employees and supervisors, respectively.   

    Results

    Nine working groups, each with 7-13 employees, were studied. The individual groups performed heterogeneous. The degree to which the various groups actively took actions for improvements seemed to be associated with the closest supervisor’s understanding of the importance of respective themes and his/her capability to conduct group discussions.

    Communication was measured by a 5-item index showing the discrepancy between experienced and desirable communication level, where an index score of -0,5 to 0 (no discrepancy) was considered as good and a score below -.5 was considered undesirable. Preliminary results show that in groups (=5) performing 3-5 meetings the communication index in average deteriorated from -0.89 to -1.41, whereas groups (=4) performing 8-9 meetings the index improved or remained at a rather high level, in average from -0.92 to -0.71. Further analyses and results will be presented at the conference.

    Conclusion

    The results give support to the hypothesis that systematic and continuous training focusing on a mutual theme is a feasible method for improving communication skills.

    Practical implications

    Healthy workplaces are not created overnight. The GodA-method for processing employee surveys seems to be a useful way to systematically work with continuous improvements of the workplace. However, training of supervisors for group discussions seems necessary.

  • 120.
    Lindberg, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Strömberg, Annika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Can a systematic participative method for processing workplace survey data enhance organizational communication skills?2016Ingår i: Scientific programme: Book of Abstracts, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The PATH-model (1) frames how a healthy workplace with wellbeing for the individual along with organizational improvements can be achieved, suggesting five healthy workplace practices. In order for these practices to have the desired influence, the effectiveness of communication within the organization is crucial. The ongoing GodA-project (an acronym for good work environments and healthy workplaces) is set up to investigate different aspects of the PATH-model. The present sub-study aims at exploring to which extent the specific “GodA-method” for processing workplace survey data influences organizational communication skills. 

    Methods

    The GodA study is a 2-year follow up study with a survey feedback design in three companies with both blue- and white collar workers. In one of the companies the “GodA-method” for processing survey feedbacks was developed and tested. Baseline results concerning workplace factors were split into nine themes, small enough to be processed during respective working groups’ monthly staff meetings. At the meetings the employees discussed today’s theme, first without, then together with their supervisor and decided on one action for improvements. This strategy was chosen in order to empower the employees and implicitly train their communication skills. The intervention was followed by process evaluations.   

    Results

    Nine working groups, each with 7-13 employees, were studied. The degree to which the various groups actively took actions for improvements seemed to be associated with the closest supervisor’s understanding of the importance of respective themes and his/her capability to conduct group discussions.

    Communication was measured by a 5-item index showing the discrepancy between experienced and desirable communication level, where -0,5 – 0 was considered as good. In groups (=5) performing 3-5 meetings the communication index in average deteriorated from -0.89 to -1.41, whereas groups (=4) performing 8-9 meetings the index improved or remained at a rather high level, in average from -0.92 to -0.71.

    Conclusion

    The results give support to the idea that systematic and continuous training focusing on a mutual theme is a feasible method for improving communication skills. Training of supervisors for group discussions seems necessary.

  • 121.
    Lindberg, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Strömberg, Annika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Can a systematic participative method for processing workplace survey data enhance organizational communication skills?: Experiences from the GodA-project for healthy workplaces2015Ingår i: Proceedings 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA, Melbourne 9-14 August 2015, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Conditions in today’s working life make new approaches necessary in order to limit negative health effects of work and to enhance wellbeing and health at work. Despite rather progressive legislation, a century of labour inspections, and the efforts of thousands of occupational health personnel, still 24 % of the working population in Sweden report to have had work-related disorders during the last twelve months (Swedish Work Environment Authority and Statistics Sweden, 2014). Even if the “elimination approach” partly has succeeded in reducing detrimental factors at work, it is obvious that this is insufficient or inadequate for a working life where key issues for progress are motivation, cooperation and creativity (Aronsson, Gustafsson, & Hakanen, 2009). In order to achieve a sustainable working life, not the least to coop with issues related to the ageing population, it is likely that strategies and actions from different and new angles are needed.

    The concept healthy workplace has been defined as an organization that maximizes the integration of worker goals for wellbeing and company objectives for profitability and productivity (Sauter, Lim, & Murphy, 1996). The PATH-model (Grawitch, Gottschalk, & Munz, 2006) shows a synthesis of earlier research in a number of different disciplines and frames how a healthy workplace with wellbeing for the individual along with organizational improvements can be achieved. The model suggests five general categories of healthy workplace practices: work-life balance, employee growth and development, health and safety, recognition, and employee involvement. In order for these workplace practices to have an influence on the employeesand the organizational outcomes the effectiveness of communication within the organization is crucial as isthe alignment of workplace practices with the organizational context. Effective organizational communication in this context means that the management communicates what the organisation offers the employees in order to enable good performance and wellbeing at work as wellas that the employeesstate their needs in order to do a good job.The ongoing GodA-project (a Swedish acronym for good work environments and healthy workplaces) aims at investigating if workplace strategies in line with the PATH-model (Grawitch et al., 2006) lead to better health and wellbeing among the employees as well as organizational improvements. The present study is part of the GodA-project and aims at exploring to which extent the specific “GodA-method” for processing of workplace survey data influences organizational communications skills.

  • 122.
    Lindberg, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Strömberg, Annika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University.
    GodA-metoden och dess inflytande på kommunikationsförmågan på arbetet2015Ingår i: Book of Abstracts: FALF 2015 : Conference10-12 June 2015, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots en progressiv arbetsmiljölagstiftning, 10 år av arbetsmiljöinspektioner och ansträngningar från tusentals arbetsmiljöaktörer rapportera 24% av den arbetande befolkningen i Sverige att de haft arbetsrelaterade besvär under senaste året. Även om eliminationsstrategin delvis varit framgångrik är den otillräcklig eller inadek-vat i dagens arbetsliv där nyckelfaktorer för framgång är motivation, samarbete och kreativitet. För att nå ett hållbart arbetsliv är det troligt att det behövs strategier och åtgärder från andra och nya utgångspunkter. Begreppet ”frisk arbetsplats” har definierats som en organisation/företag som maximerar integrationen av ar-betstagarnas mål med företagets mål. PATH-modellen visar genom en syntes av forskning från olika discipliner hur en frisk arbetsplats kan uppnås. För att, enligt modellen, nå verksamhetseffekter av olika personalfrämjande åtgärder är det nödvändigt med en väl utvecklad kommunikation mellan anställda och ledning. Det pågående GodA-projektet syftar till att undersöka om arbetsplatstrategier i linje med PATH-modellen le-der till bättre hälsa och välbefinnande bland de anställda så väl som organisatoriska förbättringar. Föreliggande delstudie undersöker i vilken grad den s.k. ”GodA-metoden” för bearbetning av medarbetarundersökningar kan påverka kommunikationsförmågan i företaget.

  • 123.
    Lindeborg, Amalia
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    "Det ska vara barnets samtal": En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens barnsamtal vid familjehemsplacering2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 210 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    När socialtjänsten har beslutat om att ett barn behöver placeras i familjehem måste barnet få åldersadekvat information. Att förmedla information till små barn är en utmaning som ställer krav på samtalsledarens förmåga att kommunicera så att barnet förstår. Syftet med detta examensarbete var att undersöka hur socialsekreterare och familjebehandlare beskriver att de förmedlar beslut om placering i familjehem till barn i förskoleålder. Sju intervjuer med anställda inom socialtjänsten har genomförts. Resultaten har analyserats utifrån salutogen teori med en utvecklingsekologisk referensram. Resultatet visar att informanterna upplever det som hjälpsamt att använda lekmaterial som hjälpmedel för att ge barnet en konkret bild av vad som kommer att hända vid placeringen. Informationen som förmedlas är situationsbunden och individuell. Informanterna belyser även att de anser det som viktigt att vara lyhörd för barnets behov för att kunna välja rätt information att trygga barnet med och på så sätt se till att det blir barnets samtal. I uppsatsens diskussionskapitel behandlas studiens oväntade fynd och förslag på fortsatt forskning.

  • 124.
    Ljus, Helen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Helene, Wahlberg
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    När är föräldrar good enough?: Perspektiv på föräldraskap från personal på ett utredningshem2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur ett föräldraskap som är good enough beskrivs och definieras av personal på ett utredningshem för barn och föräldrar. Metoden som användes var en semistrukturerad fokusgruppsintervju med ett urval av personal från ett utredningshem. Resultatet analyserades utifrån socialkonstruktionism och ett genusperspektiv. Resultatet visade att utredningspersonalen hade en samstämmig definition och beskrivning av när ett föräldraskap är och inte är good enough. Fokusgruppen delade uppfattningen om att ett good enough föräldraskap innebär att föräldrar behöver visa personalen förändringsförmåga och förmåga till att mentalisera kring barnets behov utifrån ett åldersadekvat bemötande. Informanterna ansåg inte att de gör skillnad på mödrar och fäder gällande ansvarsfördelning. Utifrån socialkonstruktionistisk teori diskuterades huruvida det är möjligt för föräldrar att visa personalen efterfrågade föräldraegenskaper då utredningshemmets sociala konstruktioner av vad det innebär att vara good enough förälder kan kollidera med föräldrarnas.

  • 125.
    Lundberg, Tina
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society/Division of Social Work, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; Department of Health Care Sciences/Palliative Research Centre, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden; Function Area in Social Work and Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society/Division of Social Work, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; Function Area in Social Work and Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olsson, Mariann
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society/Division of Social Work, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; Function Area in Social Work and Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholms Sjukhem Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fürst, Carl Johan
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society/Division of Social Work, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; .
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Faculty of Health and Life Science, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Kalmar County Council, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Alvariza, Anette
    Department of Health Care Sciences/Palliative Research Centre, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden; Capio Palliative Care Unit, Dalen Hospital, Enskededalen, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bereavement stressors and psychosocial well-being of young adults following the loss of a parent – A cross-sectional survey2018Ingår i: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 35, s. 33-38Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The knowledge about young adults who have lost a parent to cancer is limited, and to reach a broader understanding about this group, this study used the Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement (Stroebe and Schut, 1999) as a theoretical framework. The purpose of this study was to describe loss- and restoration-oriented bereavement stressors and psychosocial wellbeing of young adults following the loss of a parent to cancer. Method: This survey used baseline data from a longitudinal study. Young adults, aged 16–28 years, who lost a parent to cancer more than two months earlier and agreed to participate in support groups held at three palliative care services in Sweden, responded to a comprehensive theory-based study-specific questionnaire. Results: Altogether, 77 young adults (64 women and 13 men) answered the questionnaire an average of five-to-eight months after the loss. Twenty percent (n = 15) had not been aware of their parent's impending death at all or only knew a few hours before the death, and 65% (n = 50) did not expect the death when it occurred. The young adults reported low self-esteem (n = 58, 76%), mild to severe anxiety (n = 55, 74%), mild to severe depression (n = 23, 31%) and low life satisfaction. Conclusion: Young adults reported overall poor psychosocial wellbeing following bereavement. The unexpectedness and unawareness of the parent's imminent death, i.e., loss-oriented bereavement stressors, might influence psychosocial wellbeing. Despite these reports, restoration-oriented stressors, such as support from family and friends, helped them to cope with the loss.

  • 126.
    Lundgren Stenbom, Eva
    et al.
    Juste a'Fair, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Turunen, Päivi
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Community art with young people in a divided residential area in Sweden - the emergence of Art-PIMPA2018Ingår i: Community Development Journal, ISSN 0010-3802, E-ISSN 1468-2656, Vol. 53, nr 3, s. 446-464Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing sociospatial polarization, segregation and marginalization are challenging community workers to respond to complex social needs and problems across the world. This article focuses on examining sociospatial polarization and community art as a form of community work in Sweden through the case study of Konst-PIMPA (Art-PIMPA). The inquiry studies how Art-PIMPA emerged and developed, working together with young people in a sociospatially divided residential area in the city of Norrkoping. The study shows that community art deals with imagination, creativity and co-creation, in order to explore, express and visualize the invisible factors in social development and change. The focus of Art-PIMPA was on participation, human rights and the democratic right to self-expression, requiring a glocal cosmopolitan outlook, which includes both global and local aspects. This meant taking an ethical-political stance of recognizing our common humanity and rights as citizens of the world regardless of background or context. Additionally, the study is a reminder of the need to generate a structural analysis of both exogenous and endogenous forces that impact our 'glocal world', in which global and local forces interact daily.

  • 127. Lundgren Stenbom, Eva
    et al.
    Turunen, Päivi
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Lokal konstaktivism - exemplet konst-PIMPA2018Ingår i: Samhällsarbete - Aktörer, arenor och perspektiv / [ed] Sjöberg, Stefan & Turunen, Päivi, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 179-196Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 128.
    Lövgren, Therése
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Kaller, Agnes
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    "Bara för att jag är kriminell, är jag ändå en människa": En studie om hur män och kvinnor som har begått brott upplever att de bemöts av myndigheter2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att, med en fenomenologisk ansats, undersöka hur män och kvinnor som har begått brott bemöts av berörda myndigheter. För att ta reda på detta genomfördes fyra kvalitativa intervjuer. Resultatet av dessa intervjuer visade att informanterna upplevde att de blev bemötta utifrån stereotypa föreställningar, att dessa föreställningar skilde sig åt beroende på om de var män eller kvinnor samt att detta ledde till negativa konsekvenser för informanterna. Resultatet analyserades sedan med hjälp av genusteori och stigmatisering. Detta gav en ökad förståelse för hur genus konstrueras i bemötandet samt hur informanterna stigmatiserades i interaktionen med myndigheter och diskriminerades på grund av de stereotypa föreställningar som myndigheterna har om dem som person. Utifrån detta visade resultatet att de manliga informanterna blev stigmatiserade som brottslingar och diskriminerade i större utsträckning än de kvinnliga informanterna, vilket grundade sig i myndigheters stereotypa föreställningar om män kopplat till brottslighet.

  • 129.
    Macassa, Gloria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Alfredsson, J.
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Stankunas, M.
    Department of Health Management, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Differences in health care-seeking behavior during economic recession2014Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 24, nr Suppl. 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In Europe, equitable access to high-quality healthcare constitutes a key challenge for health systems across the continent. However, the recent economic recession left many outside the labour market, causing many to fall in poverty and social exclusion. Unemployment is probably the main factor leading to social exclusion. Studies which analysed health seeking behaviour among unemployed people have reported a variety of results, from low to high utilization of health services. However, some researchers argue that during stressful economic and social circumstances can cause high utilization of the health care system due to increased psychological disorders masked by physical complaints. This study examined differences in health seeking behaviour in Gävleborg County, which at the pick of the economic recession had high levels of unemployment as compared to the national average.

    Methods

    The data for the study come from the 2010 Survey of Health in Equal terms carried out in Gävleborg County, Sweden. The sample included 4245 persons aged 16-65 years. Descriptive and binary logistic analysis was used to assess differences in health seeking behavior by employment status.

    Results

    There was a statistical significant relationship between employment status and health-seeking behavior. Compared to employed persons, people who were out of the labor market had odds ratio of 1.42 (1.12-1.62) for contact with health care services; of 1.30 (1.12-1.50) for contact with a doctor in a health care facility and 1.67 (1.42-1.97) for contact with a doctor in a hospital. Controlling for age, sex, marital status, education, income, smoking habits, physical activity, self-rated health, and long standing illness removed the statistical significance of the observed relationships. Thus, the odds for contact with health care services went from.

    Conclusions

    At the pic of the recent economic recession, people who were outside the labor market had more contact with health care services, with doctor in hospitals as well as primary health care services as compared to employed counterparts. The differences in health seeking behavior were explained by demographic, socioeconomic and health variables.

    Key Words: Employment status, Health care, Gävleborg, economic recession.

    Key messages

    • People who were out of labor market in Gävleborg County in 2010 had more contact with health care services, with a doctor in hospital and primary health care respectively.

    • Future studies are warranted that can assess trends in health-seeking behavior among people outside Gävleborgs labor market.

  • 130.
    Macassa, Gloria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Department of Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sweden; Epidemiology Unit-ISPUP, University of Porto Medical School, Portugal.
    Bergström, Helena
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Malstam, Emelie
    Hiswåls, Anne Sofie
    Soares, Joaquim
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sweden.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Marttila, Anneli
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Experiences of employment precariousness and psychological well-being in East Central Sweden2017Ingår i: Health Science Journal, ISSN 1791-809X, Vol. 11, nr 2, artikel-id 491Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the past decade, temporary employment arrangements, including fixed-term and sub-contracted jobs, as well as project work, on-call work and work via temporary-help agencies have increased in developed countries, including Sweden. The objective of this study was to explore precariously employed individuals’ experiences and perceptions of employment strain and its effect on their psychological well-being in Gävleborg County, Sweden. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 respondents residing in Gävleborg County about their experiences of precarious employment and their perceptions of the relationship between their precarious employment and psychological well-being. Thematic analysis was conducted to relate the results to the employment strain framework. Results: The main theme to emerge in the data was managing stress. Respondent’s perceived significant stress related to keeping employment as well as having future work. In addition, they had difficulties in coping with everyday life because of economic strain, lack of work opportunities and isolation. Conclusions: The results of this study highlight how precariously employed individuals are unable to cope with the stress related to uncertainty in maintaining their current work or having control of their working hours. In addition, the results indicate that precariously employed workers experience economic strain related to income uncertainty, which affects their ability to cope with daily life.

  • 131.
    Macassa, Gloria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Department of Health Science, Section of Public Sci ence, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden; Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska In stitute, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Alfredsson, Johanna
    Department of Community Medicine, Gävleborg County Council, Gävle, Sweden .
    Soares, Joaquim F. J.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Stankunas, Mindaugas
    University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Employment status and health care utilization in a context of economic recession: Results of a population based survey in East Central Sweden2014Ingår i: Science Journal of Public Health, ISSN ISSN 2328-7942, EISSN 2328-7950, Vol. 2, nr 6, s. 610-616Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The most recent economic recession left many people outside the labour market world-wide, causing widespread poverty and social exclusion. Gävleborg County in East Central Sweden experienced massive layoffs caused by closure of various industries. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate differences in health-care use according to employment status at the pick of the recent economic recession. Methods: The study used data from a cross-sectional survey “Health in Equal Terms” carried out in Gävleborg County in 2010. The sample included 4245 persons aged 16-65 years. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were used to assess differences in health-care seeking behaviour by employment status. Results: Employment status was statistically significantly associated with health-care use in Gävleborg County. In the bivariate analysis people who were not employed had odds ratio of 1.62 (CI 1.18-1.72) for health care use as compared to their employed counterparts. Controlling for other variables in Model II to IV removed the statistical significance and reduced the odds to 0.44(CI 0.20-1.00). Conclusions: This study found that at the pick of the most recent economic recession, people who were out of work used more often health services as compared with their employed counterparts. The observed differences in health-care use were explained by demographic, socio-economic and health-related variables. Further studies are needed to analyze trends of healthcare utilization according to employment nationally, particularly at the county level.

  • 132.
    Macassa, Gloria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Epidemiology Unit - ISPUP, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    McGrath, Cormac
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Educating Public Health Professionals for an Unknown Future: Insight from a New Bachelor Programme Linking Health Promotion and Sustainable Development2017Ingår i: Research in Health Science, ISSN 2470-6205, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 70-78Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to provide a description of the new bachelor programme “Health Promotion through Sustainable Development”, which started in autumn 2016 at the University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Working Life. The programme was built integrating public health and biology through a thread of health promotion and sustainable development across the three years of study. In the era of sustainable development and more complex health threats, future public health professionals need to be equipped with the right knowledge and skills that will enable them to promote a sustainable population health.

  • 133.
    Macassa, Gloria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Department of Health Science, Section of Public Health, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Niclas
    Center for Public Health, Västernorrland County Council, Härnösand, Sweden.
    Soares, Joaquim J. F.
    Department of Health Science, Section of Public Health, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Socioeconomic Position and Suicidal Ideation: Going Beyond Education, Occupation and Income2016Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Suicidal ideation have been found to be a strong predictor of suicide attempt as well as completed suicide. Currently, there is  an on-going debate on the impact of the recent economic recession on mental health outcomes, including suicide behaviours. Northern Sweden continues to bear the consequences of the recent recession which started in 2008.Thus, this study investigates differentials in twelve months suicidal ideation by socio-economic position (SEP) among economically active persons residing in Västernorland County. In addition, the study discusses the importance of employment status as a fourth measure of socio-economic position in the context of economic hardship.

     Method: The study uses cross-sectional data from the 2010 Västernorrland in 2010 “Health on Equal Terms Survey”, which consisted of 5,050 in economically active persons aged 16-65 years. Descriptive and weighted regression analyses were performed and results are presented as OR´s (with 95% confidence intervals).

    Results: Suicidal ideation was statistically significantly associated with SEP as measured by education, occupation, income and employment status. Respondents who had primary education, were manual workers, or had lower income and  were out of work had odds ratios of 2.19 (CI 1.51-3.16); 2.95 (CI 2.04-4.27); 3.40 (CI 2.41-4.79) and 3.24 (CI 2.84-4.21), respectively. Controlling for demographic, socio-economic and health-related variables only eliminated the statistical significance for education and income.

    Conclusion: SEP as measured by education, occupation, income and employment was associated with suicide ideation in Västernorrland County. Also, employment status was found to be an important measure of SEP within the context of economic recession. There is a need for social protective policies for the less privileged in the population at all times, but especially during times of economic crises.

  • 134.
    Macassa, Gloria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Epidemiology Unit-ISPUP, University of Porto, Portugal.
    Winersjö, Rocio
    Swedish Board of Health and Social Welfare, Sweden.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Department of Research, Gävleborg Region, Sweden.
    MacGrath, Cormac
    LIME, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Department of Public Health, Mid-Sweden University, Sweden.
    Fear of crime and its relationships to self-reported health and stress among men2017Ingår i: Journal of Public Health Research, ISSN 2279-9028, E-ISSN 2279-9036, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 169-174, artikel-id 1010Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fear of crime is a growing social and public health problem globally, including in developed countries such as Sweden. This study investigated the impact of fear of crime on self-reported health and stress among men living in Gävleborg County.Design and Methods: The study used data collected from 2993 men through a cross sectional survey in the 2014 Health in Equal Terms survey. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were carried out to study the relationship between fear of crime and self-reported health and stress. Results: There was a statistically significant association between fear of crime and self-reported poor health and stress among men residing in Gävleborg County. In the bivariate analysis, men who reported fear of crime had odds of 1.98 (CI 1.47- 2.66) and 2.23 (CI 1.45-3.41) respectively. Adjusting for demographic, social and economic variables in the multivariate analysis only reduced the odds ratio for self-reported poor health to 1.52 (CI 1.05-2.21) but not for self-reported stress with odds of 2.22 (1.27-3.86). Conclusions: Fear of crime among men was statistically significantly associated with self-reported poor health and stress in Gävleborg County. However, the statistically significant relationship remained even after accounting for demographic, social and economic factors, which warrants further research to better understand the role played by other variables.

  • 135.
    Oborn, Helena
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department Of Clinical Science, Technology And Intervention, Division Of Pediatrics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Herthelius, Maria
    Karolinska Institutet, Department Of Clinical Science, Technology And Intervention, Division Of Pediatrics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Health-related quality of life in children with cronic kidney deisease, comparsions between parent and child reports2017Ingår i: Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, West), ISSN 0931-041X, E-ISSN 1432-198X, Vol. 32, nr 9, s. 1794-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: We aimed to assess health related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or a kid-ney transplant (CKD-T) from the perspective of their parents (proxy ratings). Additionally, the parental life satisfaction was evaluated aswell as its possible associations with HRQoL of their children.

    Material and methods: Sixty parents to children with CKD stage 3–5 or CKD-T participated. HRQoL in children was assessed by parent proxy versions of the generic instruments Kidscreen-27 and Disabkids-37. Parents own life satisfaction was measured by self-reported LiSat-11 questionnaire.

    Results: In most areas parent proxy ratings were significantly lower thanratings by the children themselves. Female sex and older age were associated with lower HRQoL. Compared with proxy ratings by parents to children in the general population, proxy ratings of HRQoL in children with CKD and CKD-T were significantly lower in the domains Physical Well-being, Psychological Well-being, Social inclusion, Social exclusion, and in overall score. Compared with general population, parents in the study rated their own life satisfaction lower in the domains Life as a whole, Leisure and Contacts. Mothers’ life satisfaction were lower than  fathers’in domains Life as a whole and Leisure.

    Conclusions: The agreement between parent and child reports of HRQoL was generally poor. Parent ratings of HRQoL in children with CKD seemed to correlate with parents own life satisfaction. The differences between parent and child ratings should be considered in clinical practice.

  • 136.
    Olsson, Mariann
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Stockholms Sjukhem Foundation, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Palliative Research Centre, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Tina
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Stockholms Sjukhem Foundation, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Social Work, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Fürst, Carl Johan
    Institute of Health Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Öhlén, Joakim
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Stockholms Sjukhem Foundation, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Psychosocial Well-Being of Young People Who Participated in a Support Group Following the Loss of a Parent to Cancer2017Ingår i: Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life and Palliative Care, ISSN 1552-4256, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 44-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the evidence of unmet support needs among young people who have lost a parent to cancer, only a few support group initiatives have been reported. This observational prospective study explored the psychosocial well-being of young people who participated in support groups at a Swedish specialist palliative care setting. On three occasions, 29 participants, aged 16–28 years, answered questionnaires covering characteristics of the participants, circumstances of the losses, psychosocial well-being of the young people, and their own assessment of the support groups. The support groups attracted mostly young women who were often unprepared for the loss. The living arrangements differed between younger and older participants; however, the loss-related variables did not differ. Significant positive changes were found regarding a sense of meaning in their future life and life satisfaction. The helpfulness of the group was assessed as high/very high and the group brought a valuable fellowship with others in a similar situation. Universality and beneficial interactions were reported and strengthened psychosocial well-being developed over time. This change, according to the young people themselves, may be attributed to the group support. The findings are useful for planning interventions to support young people in bereavement in order to enhance their psychosocial well-being.

  • 137.
    Oremo, Johanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Åbom Sundin, Hanna
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    "Det hade varit roligt att se hur hon ser ut i alla fall...": En kvalitativ intervjustudie av långvarigt ekonomiskt utsatta barnfamiljer2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har vi undersökt hur föräldrar som uppbär försörjningsstöd upplever att barnen påverkas av den ekonomiska utsattheten. Vidare undersöktes på vilket sätt föräldrarna upplever att de får stöd från socialtjänsten till att förändra den ekonomiska situationen. Empowerment och KASAM har använts som teoretisk referensram för att analysera resultatet. Studien har genomförts genom kvalitativa intervjuer med 3 informanter som alla uppbär försörjningsstöd och har barn under 18 år i hemmet. Resultatet visar att föräldrarna upplever att barnen påverkas negativt av den ekonomiska situationen, främst i relation till andra barn då barn jämför sig mycket med varandra. Resultatet visar även att föräldrarna skapar egna strategier för att skydda barnen från att påverkas negativt, dessa är bland annat att avleda uppmärksamhet från den ekonomiska situationen samt att föräldrarna bortser från egna basala behov för att istället erbjuda barnen fler möjligheter.

  • 138.
    Oskarsson, Eva-Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Sondell, Susanne
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Våld i nära relation: Kvinnors upplevelser av stödinsatser2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att få ökad kunskap om, och förståelse för, tidigare våldsutsatta kvinnors utsatthet och vilka upplevelser de har av stöd de erhållit i samband med att det sökt hjälp för våld i nära relation. Vi har kvalitativt intervjuat två tidigare våldsutsatta kvinnor och en handläggare inom biståndsenheten, som även arbetar inom kvinnojouren, samt gjort en kortare telefonintervju med ytterligare en utsatt kvinna. De teoretiska verktyg vi använt oss av i analysen av resultatet är uppbrottsprocessen och empowerment som hjälper oss förstå kvinnornas upplevelser i samband med att de bryter upp från relationen och söker stöd. Resultatet visar att kvinnorna i efterhand är nöjda med den hjälp och stöd de fått men tycker att kunskapen kring våld i nära relation bör belysas mycket mer, dels för att det skulle kunna hjälpa de utsatta att ta sig ur våldet tidigare och dels för att den våldsutövande parten också behöver hjälp.

  • 139.
    Palmér, Amanda
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Williams, Joakim
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Idrottsledares upplevelser av att arbeta för att skydda barn inom idrott2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka idrottsledares uppfattning om sitt samt sin förenings arbete med att skydda barn från att fara illa inom svensk idrott. Studien utfördes genom kvalitativa intervjuer med fem erfarna tränare. Materialet analyserades genom en tematisk analys. De teoretiska perspektiv som användes för att analysera resultaten var systemteori och inlärningsteori. Resultaten visar på vissa brister i det förebyggande arbetet och viss brist på diskussioner kring ämnet inom föreningarna. Idrottsledarna visade att individer var prioriterade högre än resultat, men identifierade brister allmänt inom idrottsvärlden. Resultaten indikerar att det funnits vissa brister kring ämnet övergrepp i utbildningar idrottsledarna fått och de menar att sexuella övergrepp är särskilt svåra att upptäcka. Trots brist på handlingsplaner var idrottsledarna beredda att ta tag i situationer som kan uppstå. Författarna argumenterar för att svensk idrott går i rätt riktning, men att det fortfarande finns mycket arbete att göra.

  • 140.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Abductive Thematic Network Analysis (ATNA) using ATLAS-ti2018Ingår i: Innovative Research Methodologies in Management: Volume I: Philosophy, Measurement and Modelling / [ed] L. Moutinho & M. Sokele, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, 1, s. 61-86Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter introduces Abductive Thematic Network Analysis (ATNA) as a methodological approach for qualitative data analysis. It starts by providing a brief description on abductive theory of method and thematic analysis method. Then, it highlights how the two methods are combined to create ATNA. Using a qualitative data set, this chapter demonstrates the steps in undertaking ATNA with a computer-aided qualitative data analysis software—ATLAS-ti v.7.5. The chapter concludes that ATNA provides to researchers a much-needed pragmatic and logical way of reasoning, organising, and presenting qualitative data analysis.

  • 141.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Computer-aided deductive critical discourse analysis of a case study from Mauritius with ATLAS-ti 6.22015Ingår i: Research Methods: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2015, 1, Vol. 4-4, s. 1831-1853Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter considers computer-aided deductive critical discourse analysis with ATLAS-ti 6.2 using a case study on eco-social work research from Mauritius. Data for this case study were gathered in digital audio format from eight focus group discussions, three semi-structured interviews and various reports from secondary sources. For the analysis, a literature review using ATLAS-ti was first carried out, in order to develop a conceptual/theoretical framework related to eco-social work. Then, the gathered data were directly plugged into ATLAS-ti for a computer-aided deductive critical discourse analysis using the developed eco-social work conceptual/theoretical framework from the literature review. Using the case study as an example, this chapter (a) demonstrates the techniques, and (b) appraises the opportunities, limitations and challenges of computer-aided critical discourse analysis. 

  • 142.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Computer-Aided Deductive Critical Discourse Analysis of a Case Study from Mauritius with ATLAS-ti 6.22014Ingår i: Innovative Methods and Technologies for Electronic Discourse Analysis / [ed] Hwee Ling Lim & Fay Sudweeks, Hershey PA, USA: IGI Global, 2014, 1, s. 346-368Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter considers computer-aided deductive critical discourse analysis with ATLAS-ti 6.2 using a case study on eco-social work research from Mauritius. Data for this case study were gathered in digital audio format from eight focus group discussions, three semi-structured interviews and various reports from secondary sources. For the analysis, a literature review using ATLAS-ti was first carried out, in order to develop a conceptual/theoretical framework related to eco-social work. Then, the gathered data were directly plugged into ATLAS-ti for a computer-aided deductive critical discourse analysis using the developed eco-social work conceptual/theoretical framework from the literature review. Using the case study as an example, this chapter (a) demonstrates the techniques, and (b) appraises the opportunities, limitations and challenges of computer-aided critical discourse analysis.

  • 143.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Eco-social work for poverty alleviation in coastal areas of Mauritius: from research to practice.2016Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 144.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Instrumentalism and Environmental Justice: People’s Cooperative Renewable Energy in Mauritius2017Ingår i: The Ecosocial Transition of Societies: The Contribution of Social Work and Social Policy / [ed] Aila-Leena Matthies and Kati Närhi, New York: Routledge, 2017, 1, s. 121-136Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social work is commonly known as an agent of social change for achieving social justice. In fact, social justice is one of the founding values of social work. Several researchers have conceptualized social justice from distributional, recognitional and associational dimensions, in order to allow for a broader understanding of freedom from oppression, exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, cultural imperialism and violence (Young 1990, Fraser 1997, Gewirtz 2006). However, Morgaine (2014) argues that social justice as a concept remains valueless unless social workers have clear practical orientations towards its use for achieving emancipation/liberation of the marginalized, vulnerable individuals and groups from injustices and oppressive agencies, forces as well as structures.

  • 145.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Social Work and Sustainable Development: Local Voices from Mauritius2013Ingår i: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 66, nr 2, s. 261-276Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is much more than an ecological and economic concern; it requires social workers to analyse and understand its impact on the broader social and cultural aspects of human life. Mauritius has been branded as ‘Maurice Ile Durable’ (Sustainable Mauritius) by its current government. Within this context, Mauritian social workers are often called upon to engage in sustainable development programs through community empowerment and development activities. This article uses the eco-critical social work theoretical approach to analyse a subset of qualitative data generated by a larger study conducted in 2008 and 2011, which included focus groups and semistructured interviews. Based on the findings of this research, the article focuses on discourses related to concepts such as control, power, and exploitation. It considers three areas as influential to eco-critical social work in Mauritius: antioppressive practice, promotion of social justice, and critical thinking by exploring related concepts such as control, power, and exploitation. The author concludes that within the context of sustainable development more attention should be paid to promoting social justice through tackling the marginalisation and oppression of certain sections of its population.

  • 146.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Stray Dogs and Social Work in Mauritius: An Analysis of Some Concerns and Challenges2014Ingår i: Animals in social work: why and how they matter / [ed] Thomas Ryan, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, s. 182-198Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 147.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    The Ecology of Early Adolescents’ Internet Mediated Sexual Interactions2014Ingår i: Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology / [ed] Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global, 2014, 3, s. 6781-6790Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Early adolescents (11-14 years old) are normally considered to be no longer children, but not yet adults (World Health Organisation, 2003). Early adolescence is usually characterised as a period when sexual, physical, emotional, and psychological changes, begin to happen. LeCroy (2004) opines that early adolescence is a period of multiple, rapid, and profound changes and transitions. During early adolescence puberty increases body awareness, and may initiate the sex drive.

    Historically, the academic focus on early adolescence as a critical and vital period emerged from a belief that during this particular phase young people are still innocent and with a potential which required cultivation, protection and guidance (Holloway & Valentine, 2003). In addition, there is also a common conviction among the general public that this particular nature of early adolescence must be controlled by responsible members of society; as young people at these ages are more likely to get involved in unconventional beliefs, behaviours and practices mainly coming through the persuasive influences of the media (Troen, 1985; Williams & Frith, 1993; Coleman & Hendry, 1999; Heins, 2001). It has often been argued that media1 represent some of the most under-recognized and most potent influences on adolescent’s development in modern society (Mastronardi, 2003; Strasburger, 2004; Lwin & Malik, 2012; Spurr, Berry & Walker, 2013; Vandenbosch, L. & Eggermont, 2013). In some cases, it has even been found that media have stronger influence on the early adolescents than family and other social relationships (Johnston, 2000).

    In contemporary society early adolescents are in many ways the defining users of Internet (Subrahmanyam & Smahel, 2011; Rambaree, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010). It is also being argued that Internet, through its interactive multi-media interface, has created a new pattern and form of interaction that requires more involvement of early adolescents (Subrahmanyam & Smahel, 2011; Lwin & Malik, 2012; Vandenbosch, L. & Eggermont, 2013). Given the high frequency at which adolescents are using Internet-based technology, it is not surprising that that such interactions may not always be positive (Zweig, Dank, Yahner & Lachman, 2013). In fact, Internet and its relationship with early adolescents have been viewed from two different perspectives. The pessimistic view is that early adolescents become victims of the pervasive and powerful Internet; and, the optimistic view is that Internet contributes immensely towards empowering children and early adolescents and making them more creative and knowledgeable than ever before (United Nations, 2003).

  • 148.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Three Methods of Qualitative Data Analysis Using ATLAS.ti: ‘A Posse Ad Esse’2013Ingår i: ATLAS.ti User Conference 2013: Fostering Dialog on Qualitative Methods / [ed] S. Friese and T. G. Ringmayr, Berlin: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin, 2013, Vol. 1, s. 1-15Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article appraises the possibilities, limitations and challenges in undertaking three different methods of qualitative data analysis using ATLAS.ti. The discussion is based on three different research projects carried out from 2004 to 2012. In the first project, a grounded theory analysis of data collected in 2004 was carried out using an inductive approach to make a theoretical proposition on Mauritian early adolescents’ internet-mediated dating pattern. In the second project, an abductive thematic network analysis was carried out using qualitative data collected in 2006 from Kenya and Zambia on adolescent sexual and reproductive health. In the third project, a deductive critical discourse analysis was carried out using an eco-social work research from Mauritius, undertaken in 2012. This article concludes that ATLAS.ti presents numerous possibilities for researchers to carry out different methods of qualitative data analysis. However, there are certain limitations and challenges that need to be considered by the researchers when undertaking computer assisted qualitative data analysis.

  • 149.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Eco-social work for sustainable development: Implications for social work education, practice and research2017Ingår i: A good life for all: Essays on sustainability celebrating 60 years of making life better / [ed] Fagerström, Arne and Cunnigham, Gary M., Mjölby: Atremi AB , 2017, 1, s. 71-94Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the context of sustainable development, social workers have important roles to play towards the eco-social transformation of society. This chapter starts by justifying how social work and sustainable development are linked. Then, it defines eco-social work and considers implications for education, research and practice of social work. The chapter provides examples of how the social work unit at the University of Gävle contributes to sustainable development through its education, research and community engagement. The chapter concludes that sustainable development is an area  of legitimate focus for social workers, and sustainability is a core social mission of social work.

  • 150.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Berg, Maria
    Save the Children - Sweden.
    Thomson, Robert
    Policy Adviser, Swiss Government, Switzerland.
    A Framework for Youth Work with Refugees: Analysis Further To The Expert Seminar "Journeys To A New Life: Understanding The Role Of Youth Work In Integrating Young Refugees In Europe"2017Ingår i: "Journeys to a New Life": an expert seminar on the role of youth work in integration of young refugees in Europe, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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