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  • 1101.
    Axenfalk Pettersson, Lovisa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Ericsson, Wilhelm
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Billigt eller dyrt, udda eller jämt?: - Hur prisprecisionseffekten påverkar Willingness to pay2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Cheap or expensive, odd or even?

    - How the price precision effect, affects willingness to pay

    Level: Final assignment for Bachelor Degree in Business Administration.

    Author: Lovisa Axenfalk Pettersson and Wilhelm Ericsson.

    Supervisor: Jonas Kågström.

    Date: 2018 - May.

    Aim: The aim is to further investigate how the price precision effect associated with

    willingness to pay affects sales of real estate transactions.

    Method: Quantitative method through a survey with experimental elements.

    Result and conclusion: The results in the study indicates, regarding prices on the housing

    market, that it is not only the price that affects pursues and WTP. Regarding the marketed

    list price, which attracts the most potential buyers, they should either be a rounded or just

    below price. The most honest market price is a rounded price. A list price set at a precise

    price, is considered to be listed from a serious real estate broker. It also indicates that the

    real estate broker is knowledgeable and puts a serious price based on what the residence

    is actually worth. To get the highest selling price, it can be all of the price precision effect

    prices, rounded price, precise price or just below price. Why the result of the highest

    selling price differ, is depending on the situation on the market and available information

    for the buyer.

    Contribution of the thesis: The contribution for this study has been to create an increased

    understanding about the price precision effect and its prices for the persons involved in a

    buying process. Furthermore, the contribution is that people are influenced by available

    information, affecting the buyer's WTP and what buyers consider about different prices.

    With knowledge from this study, buyers can gain a better understanding of how the

    marketed list price may affect the buyer's WTP for the real estate they are interested in

    buying and its final selling price.

    Suggestion for future research: To summarize the possibilities for future research this

    paper suggests; to analyze the price precision effect from the sellers point of view. To

    analyze the price precision effect in a real setting instead, where actual transactions are

    being made. To further investigate the ratio between the anchoring effect with the price

    precision effect, and how they affect each other. The final suggestions for future research

    is to involve other aspects into the price precision effect, despite only the price, because it

    is not only the price that affects the house buying market.

    Keywords: Price precision effect, WTP - willingness to pay, rounded price, precise price,

    just below price, list price and real estate transaction.

  • 1102.
    Axling, Jessica
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    ”Vad jobbar du med nuförtiden då?”: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelser och erfarenheter hos långtidsarbetslösa personer över 55 år i Söderhamns kommun2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1103.
    Axlund, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Wennberg, Marie
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Anhöriggruppens påverkan på anhörigas känsla av sammanhang2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    När någon i familjen drabbas av sjukdom, står oftast de närmast anhöriga för den vårdande omsorgen, vilket kan vara påfrestande för hälsan. Det senaste decenniet har det offentliga stödet till anhöriga uppmärksammats i Sverige, vilket har inneburit en satsning på 300 miljoner kronor, Anhörig 300. Vars avsikt var att stödja och underlätta de anhörigas livssituation. Då kan en stödjande verksamhet som anhöriggrupp, vara ett viktigt komplement för reflektion och utveckling med andra. Tillvaron är full av påfrestningar, vad är det som gör att vissa klarar av dessa, medan andra inte gör det? Antonovsky (1991) svar på detta är känslan av sammanhang (KASAM). Syftet med studie var att studera om och i så fall hur interventionen i en anhöriggrupp kan påverka de anhörigas KASAM. Arbetet inleddes med en genomgång av både litteratur och forskning, för att öka kunskap inom problemområdet. Datainsamlingsmetoden som användes var ett ”Livsfrågeformulär”. Urvalet bestod av anhöriga till person över 20 år som drabbats av sjukdom och/eller funktionshinder. Studien genomfördes som en för- och eftermätning av interventionen i en anhöriggrupp. Resultatet visade att KASAM förändrades, men inte endast i positiv riktning, vilket var författarnas hypotes. Detta behöver inte ses som något negativt enligt Antonovsky (1991), utan det är mycket vanligt att en utveckling föregås av ett tillstånd av obalans, vilket kan påverka KASAM tillfälligt. Vad som orsakade detta kan vara svårt att fastställa. De slutsatser som gjordes var att trots fördelar med stöd i grupp, så kan det vara svårt att påvisa att det var just det stödet som påverkade KASAM, däremot kan det ses som en resurs, enligt forskning, i omsorgsarbetet för de anhöriga.

  • 1104.
    Axlund, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Forslin, Ina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Barns erfarenheter av att leva med förälder som har en psykisk sjukdom2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background About 2 % of children aged 0-15 years have at least one parent diagnosed in a psychiatric facility with any mental illness. Three common mental illnesses are schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia is a common form of psychosis, depression affects human behavior, thoughts and emotional life and bipolar disorder involves symptoms such as depression and mania. 

    Aim The aim of this literature study is to describe children's experiences of living with parent with a mental illness. The study also described the included articles data collection methods. 

    Method This study is a descriptive literature study and the scientific articles were searched in the Cinahl and PsycInfo databases. 

    Main results The result of the articles showed that the children felt different fears by living with the parent who has a mental illness. The fear was that the parent could commit suicide, if the illness was hereditary and that the mood was unstable. The children also felt ashamed of the parent so they found different ways that made them feel more “normal”. An adult responsibility was something the children occupied at an early age by taking care of households chores, their siblings and their sick parent. One wish that the children had was that they wanted more support from the environment, for example, adults from the health care. 

    Conclusion Feelings such as fear, shame and heavy responsibility is common in children of parent with mental illness. Also lack of support and information about the parents illness is experienced by the children and it is therefore important in the nurses work to be able to support these children and accommodate their needs. 

  • 1105.
    Axman, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Asfaltsvägen kom till Pajala.: Framtidens intåg i Populärmusik från Vittula.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1106.
    Axner, Emil
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Att utvändigt värmeisolera köldbryggor i utkragade balkonggolv: En fallstudie om energianvändning, kostnader och påverkan av byggnadens yttre gestaltning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order for Sweden to reach its goals for a sustainable future, the government continues to increase demands on improving energy efficiency of buildings. A first step should be to improve the buildings ability to keep its heat. This means that the thermal insulation of the envelope should be improved and effect of thermal bridges in various constructions be minimized. A recurrent problem when renovating already existing buildings is the requirement of preservation and how that affects the possibilities on how to renovate. All buildings constitute a storytelling that illustrates how society has developed over time. Building characteristics and expressions must be preserved even if it leads to higher renovation costs. This thesis aims to study the energy use caused by thermal bridges in balcony slabs and how the energy use is affected by insulating the balcony slabs. It also investigates how the overall building appearance is affect by this figuration. And last, the study aims to explore however the investment in material is defensible when comparing it with the cost for energy in a life cycle perspective. The result shows that the thermal bridges caused by the balcony slabs increase the energy use by almost 4000 kWh per year and building and by adding insulation to the slabs, the energy usage decline by almost 75 %. In view of the buildings appearance, the additional insulation has a minimal affect. When comparing the investment cost in a life cycle perspective with the saving of energy, results shows that the costs in material is too high and at the same time the price for energy is too low for obtaining any profit for the given time period.

  • 1107.
    Axner, Lina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Att vara kvinna på en mansdominerad arena: Strukturerade intervjuer med tre golfspelande kvinnor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning Idrotten ses som Sveriges största folkrörelse och har gått från att bara vara tillgänglig för män till att genom de senaste årtionden även vara tillgänglig för kvinnor. Golfsporten ska vara attraktiv för alla och vara lika inkluderande bland alla samhällsgrupper. Med detta avses kön, etnicitet och samhällsgrupp. Inom golfklubben där denna studie är gjord ser fördelningen ut 31 procent kvinnor och 69 procent män. Bakgrund Det finns olika yrken och idrotter som i samhället är mans- och kvinnodominerande. I de mansdominerade yrkena exkluderas ofta kvinnorna och inom idrotten lär man sig från tidig ålder att flickor och pojkar och kvinnor och män ska vara och är på ett visst sätt. Syftet med denna studie är att belysa hur golfspelande kvinnor uppfattar och påverkas av kulturen på en mansdominerad arena. Metod För att kunna svara på syftet användes strukturerade intervjuer med tre golfspelande kvinnor. Resultatet visar att kvinnor ofta upplever att kvinnor vill tillhöra en grupp och detta bidrar till en känsla av tillhörighet. Det är även en skillnad på kvinnor och mäns jargong och hur de kommunicerar med varandra. Kvinnorna upplever att män använder sig av en ”grabbig” och ”gubbig” jargong samt att de använder sig av ett vulgärare och tuffare språk. Männen berör mer sexuella saker medan kvinnornas jargong handlar mer om sociala saker som mode, barn och familj. Resultatet visar även att kvinnor exkluderar kvinnor. Slutsats Kvinnorna uppfattar att ett trevligt och inbjudande bemötande, en känsla av tillhörighet, positiv attityd samt att man blir bemött utifrån ett individperspektiv och inte sitt kön är de viktigaste faktorerna för kvinnorna på golfbanan. Respondenterna uppfattar även att kulturen på den mansdominerade arenan speglar samhället till stor del. Jag kan från resultatet utlysa att kvinnorna påverkas av arenans kultur på olika sätt, det finns både en direkt och en indirekt påverkan. 

  • 1108.
    Ayach, Mahdi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Central University Administration. University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Bajo, Goran
    University of Gävle, Central University Administration. University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Human Capital impact on organizational performance: A Study on how Human Capital Contributes Towards A More Balanced organizational Performance2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1109.
    Aydin, Dikran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Den svenska mediediskursen kring islam och muslimer i Sverige2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1110.
    Ayed, Taha
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Rosén, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    The role of networks in the internationalization process of Small-and Medium-sized Enterprises2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the study is to increase the understanding of the role of networks in the internationalization process of SMEs.

    Method: The study applies a qualitative method based on the hermeneutic research tradition and an inductive research approach. A multi-case study research has been conducted, through ten semi-structured interviews. Nine interviews with the upper management at Swedish SMEs, and one interview with a Business Advisor with experience of helping SMEs reach international markets. The empirical findings were thematically analyzed.

    Result & Conclusions: Networks play a crucial role and are a key factor in helping SMEs find potential business relationships, which in turn helps them to internationalize. Networks create new opportunities for SMEs, add knowledge and experience, and the use of networks has synergistic effects. This adds value to SMEs and helps them become more attractive and competitive in international markets. To establish business relationships for internationalization, SMEs use different approaches in order to find the right people, as well as they are considering cultural differences in order to develop trust with international actors.

    Suggestions for future research: The limitations of the study are the number of interviews on which the study is based, that the study only adopts a Swedish perspective, and the wide range of company sizes included in the definition of SMEs. Suggestions for future studies are therefore to focus on SMEs of the same size, with similar financial capabilities and international experience. Another suggestion is to include SMEs from different cultures and countries, which would enable a deeper understanding of aspects such as trust. Furthermore, it is suggested to conduct a similar study with a sustainability perspective.

    Contribution of the thesis: The study gives a theoretical contribution by presenting a model, which is based on previous research in combination with the empirical findings of the study. The model shows which parts from previous literature that are confirmed by the study, and contributes with new aspects that are used by SMEs within their internationalization process. These new aspects are; honesty, which is an important part of the trust-building process, and outsourcing, as an approach SMEs use in their internationalization process. The main managerial contribution is that the study gives a directional guide of the importance of various aspects of the internationalization process. In this way, the study can help SMEs to find new ways to establish business relationships. The societal contribution of the study is that the internationalization process of SMEs are important in terms of economy and growth, both at a firm level as well as a national level. Moreover, the study highlights the importance of cultural differences, which helps create a diverse community where differences are accepted.

  • 1111.
    Aynsley, Alexandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Holmqvist, Andreas
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Kundens val av fastighetsmäklare2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Real estate agent is a popular occupation that many young people study today. They enter the market and will have to compete with experienced real estat agents. Why should the customer choose them instead of those with more experience? We describe the character of services offered, expectations and customer satisfaction. We have chosen to give a questionnaire to customers and real estat agents. The purpose of the examwork is to creat a comprehension why the customer chose a certain real estat agent?

  • 1112.
    Azad, A. K. M.
    et al.
    Northern Illinois University, United States.
    Cowan, N. J.Johns Hopkins University, United States.Tokhi, M. O.Univeristy of Sheffield, United Kingdom.Virk, Gurvinder SinghUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Electronics.Eastman, R. D.Loyola University, United States.
    Adaptive Mobile Robotics: Proceedings Of The 15th International Conference On Climbing And Walking Robots And The Support Technologies For Mobile Machines, Baltimore, USA, 23–26 July 20122012Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides state-of-the-art scientific and engineering research findings and developments in the area of mobile robotics and associated support technologies. The book contains peer reviewed articles presented at the CLAWAR 2012 conference. Robots are no longer confined to industrial manufacturing environments. A great deal of interest is invested in the use of robots outside the factory environment. The CLAWAR conference series, established as a high profile international event, acts as a platform for dissemination of research and development findings and supports such a trend to address the current interest in mobile robotics to meet the needs of mankind in various sectors of the society. These include personal care, public health, services in the domestic, public and industrial environments. The editors of the book have extensive research experience and publications in the area of robotics in general and in mobile robotics specifically, and their experience is reflected in editing the contents of the book.

  • 1113.
    Azadehnia, Arefeh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Science.
    What benefits will 5G be for small and mid-sized companies?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fifth generation of mobile communication (5G) is the latest generation of wireless technology and it is expected to have an immense opportunity for great different number of industries. This technology is going to meet current wireless technologies limitations and enable fully smart factories. Some large companies intend to developing their communication technologies to 5G, however, there are some surveys showing that small and mid-sized enterprises (SMEs) have paid less attentions to this technology and also they adopt the mindset of wait-and-see which increase the possibility of failing their business. The reason can be that SMEs mostly do not have IT specialists or researchers and due to the lack of financial resources for research in communication information technology (CIT) and automation. Consequently, enhancing their automation systems is going to be very costly and perhaps risky. The risk of this is that, many times due to using old technologies, their competitors will overcome them in the business. This research aims to study the benefit of the 5G for small and middle size manufacturing and to explore if 5G is an optimal solution for SMEs network communication. To provide that, five companies are selected and investigated in Gävleborg and Dalarna counties in Sweden. Then each company is interviewed individually and the evaluations are done by an observing survey and review of the literature. The investigation shows that wired systems are still providing the main communication network technologies in SMEs. Besides, current communication issues that SMEs are dealing with are usually due to using insufficient technologies. In other hands, current radio access is still based on the advanced LTE, whereas the 5G, which is promised to meet all a fully smart industrial requirements is known as 5G New radio (NR), is still on the progress and predicted to have expensive implementation.

    On the other hand, in future when 5G NR system will be widespread accessible everywhere, and also when we will have optimal and straightforward factory ecosystem transformation, broad 5G applications and simple IT-support the business, a fundamental change is going happen on the way of business scenery for all size of enterprises. As a consequence, if SMEs do not adapt themselves to the new technology and new business model, they will go out of the business.

  • 1114.
    Azadi, Navid
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Har entreprenörskapet en framtid?: ett möte med några av dagens och morgondagens entreprenörer.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Hur ser framtidens, morgondagens och dagens entreprenörer på entreprenörskapets framtid samt framtida marknader som spås få en ljus framtid.

     

    Metod: Författaren har valt att inhämta primärdata genom intervjuer med personer som befinner sig i olika stadier i livet med fokus på entreprenörskap. Detta för att få så bred svarsfrekvens som möjligt. Intervjuerna har gjorts i fokusgrupper. Respondenterna har bestått av entreprenörer, studenter och en organisation.

     

    TeoretisktPerspektiv: Den teoretiska referensramen författaren har använt sig av består främst av teoretiskt entreprenörskap, fokusgrupper och handel.

     

    Empiri: Respondenterna i studien består av studenterna Paulina Larsson (17år), MilionAbraham (27år) och Daniel Håkansson (25år). Entreprenörerna heter Carlo Lopez (29år) och Lennart Frimodig (43år). Therese Sundberg är respondenten från organisationen Drivhuset.

     

    Resultat: Enligt studien konstaterades att vi är på väg in i en ny era av affärsverksamheter. Mer upplevelse och noggrannare nischning av företagen förväntas. Fler IT-företag spås överta de fysiska butikernas roll i konsumenternas liv samt att vi som människor får nya vanor och förväntningar av de produkter/tjänster vi inhandlar.

  • 1115.
    Azagury, Luna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Små barns matematik: 2 åringars begreppsförståelse2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1116.
    Azar , Jonny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Snickars, Sophie
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Hur ungdomar med cancer hanterar sin sjukdom och vad de har för livskvalitet: en litteraturstudie2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this literature study was to investigate how adolescents with cancer cope with there disease and how it effect their quality of life (QoL). This study was a descriptive literature study were the authors searched for scientific articles in the databases Medline, Cinahl, SweMed+ and PsykInfo. The result is based on fifteen articles. The result showed that social support such as parents and a special friend is important for the adolescents' well-being. The adolescents also described that it felt god to have someone to talk to that was in the same situation. A positive attitude and humour helped the adolescents to cope with their disease. One way to escape from the disease was trying to feel normal, a way of doing that was to wear accessories, modern clothes and pushing their limits. The adolescents spent a lot of time in the hospitals thus made them isolated, which resulted in alienation. Changed body image, fear and alienation are all factors that influence on the adolescents QoL. It was showed that adolescents with cancer had lower QoL than healthy adolescents, but as time pass by their QoL increased. In general the girls hade better QoL than the boys.

  • 1117.
    Azeem, Mahjabin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Handlingsutrymme i handläggningen av försörjningsstöd: En studie av socialsekreterares erfarenheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This C-level essay investigates Swedish social workers’ perceptions of their scope for handling clients’ applications and helping them become financially self-sustaining. Qualitative interviews (n=6) were carried out with social workers from two municipal social care offices in Stockholm. The results, analysed by empowerment theory, showed that social workers from the first office experienced limited resources to empower their clients due to a heavy work load and unclear guidelines, while the social workers from the other office perceived less restricted latitudes and well defined guidelines. A majority of the social workers perceived that the key strategy to help making the clients financially autonomous was to motivate them. This motivation stemmed from the client’s perceived possibilities to get an attractive employment in relation to the labour market situation, unemployment rate, social background, household situation, education, language skills, individual goalsetting, and age. The conclusion based on the result is that less restricted latitudes and well defined guidelines increase the social workers’ possibilities to empower the clients to become financially autonomous.

  • 1118.
    AZENA, SANDRA
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences. University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för matematik och statistik.
    VARIATIONSTEORI I PRAKTIK: BESKRIVNING AV ÖVNINGSUNDERVISNING I FÖRSKOLEKLASSEN2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbete beskriver hur jag inom fenomenografins ramar provar Learning Study somkompetensutvecklingsverktyg. Det är ett undervisningsförsök i förskoleklassensmatematikundervisning. Med variationsteori som grund jag försöker ta reda på kritiska aspekter för att göra lärande möjligt. Genom att förintervjua barnen, utföra planerade lektioner med det avsedda lärandeobjektet och återintervjua om det erfarna lärandeobjektet, är min avsikt att komma till värdering om det iscensatta lärandeobjektet under videofilmad lektion. Resultat visar att Learning study är ett utmärkt instrument för lärares egen lärande och gör det möjligt att finna och målmedvetet fullgöra kritiska villkor för lärande.

  • 1119.
    Azhar, Ahsan
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Large Signal RF Measurement Systems and Implementation of a Tuned Receiver System2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report shows a survey of sate of the art different large signal RF measurement systems. Such measurement systems are discussed in detail with respect to their architecture, method of measurement, calibration, accuracy, dynamic range and bandwidth. Finally, a RF measurement system for large signal was designed and implemented. This measurement system was based on a tuned receiver. Harmonic distortion type measurements were taken by this system and time domain waveforms were reconstructed using external software.

  • 1120.
    Azim, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Hedersvåld: En kvalitativ analys av hedersvåld i den svenska debatten och i ett urval från svenska media och handböcker2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en kvalitativ undersökning om hedersvåld, hur det beskrivs i den svenska debatten, samt i ett urval av svenska media, läroböcker, statliga publikationer och annan litteratur som används av socialarbetare och studenter. Syftet är också att reflektera över hur detta påverkar samhället vi lever i här i Sverige, främjar det oss att skapa kontakt med nya människor från andra kulturer? Resultatet pekar å ena sidan åt att hedersvåld i Sverige är ett nytt och svårt begrepp som vissa hävdar har med kultur att göra, och som förekommer i enstaka grupper i vissa samhällen i världen, men som nu i större utsträckning nått Sverige och Norden i och med den ökade asylinvandringen. Å andra sidan, finns det de som uttrycker att hedersvåld inte är kulturellt betingat, utan menar att det inte är annat än "vanligt" våld mot kvinnor, och somliga hävdar till och med att "hedersvåld" är en svensk konstruktion. Just den kontroversiella uppfattningen om hedersvåldets vara eller icke vara har jag också valt att ta fasta på.

  • 1121.
    Azimi, Rahima
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Olofsson, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Fysiska aktiviteter i förskola: En intervjustudie med 5 förskollärare och 2 förskolechefer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur förskolepersonalen ser på strukturerade och ostrukturerade fysiska aktiviteter i förskolan samt vad de har för uppfattning och erfarenheter av rörelseaktiviteter. Metoden som vi använde i studien var kvalitativa intervjuer med förskolepersonal från fem olika förskolor. I tidigare forskning kan det utläsas att barns övervikt ökar men fysiska rörelseaktiviteter hjälper barnen att motverka övervikt. Fysiska aktiviteter ger barnen grunden till bättre hälsa, både den psykiska och fysiska. Resultatet visar att både förskollärarna och förskolecheferna hade positiva åsikter angående fysiska aktiviteter, fast det kändes att det är en utmaning för förskollärare att utföra de planerade aktiviteterna som andra aktiviteter. Undersökningen visar att rörelse kommer spontant och ibland behövs det inte planering, eftersom det bara kommer, men ändå visar resultatet att planering bör finnas för att inte lärandet ska försvinna i aktiviteterna. Det som framkom är att närmiljön har en stor betydande roll för barns fysiska aktiviteter, för att den inbjuder barnen till mer lek och rörelse.

     

    Nyckelord: rörelse, fysiska aktiviteter, hälsa, lärande och förskola.

     

    Keywords: movement, physical activity, health, learning and preschool.       

  • 1122.
    Aziz, Bahoz
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Erfarenhter och uppfattningar kring arbete med hälsofrämjande kulturinsatser för asylsökande och nyanlända barn och ungdomar: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe experiences and perceptions of ongoing work with health promotion cultural inserts in four different associations in Gavle municipallity for asylum seekers and newly arrived children and adolescents. The method used was a descriptive empirical qualitative interview with a phenomenological research effort. Five interviews were conducted with four women and one man, from four associations in Gavle municipality. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed with a thematic analysis. The result showed that the staff's perceptions about their work were that the work being conducted was a good method of promoting well-being and contributing to a sense of context for remedying mental ill health. Cooperation with community actors was also a key in their work and made it possible to reach the children and adolescents who were the target group for health-promoting cultural activities. The difficulties perceived were lack of economics, information and structural changes, which made it difficult to implement, follow up and continue their work. The conclusion was that the work with health promoting activities was perceived as a method of integration as well as promoting health. There was also a consensus that the work performed had a good effect in bringing children and young people's families closer to the Swedish society. The obstacles discovered were structural changes, lack of information and too little of economy. One key to success was the cooperation in the local community which made it possible to reach the group.

     

     

  • 1123.
    Azoba, Cosmos
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Munezero, Ange
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Professionals' View on Social Integration of Young People with Immigrant Background in the Labour Market In Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is twofold. First, the study aims to investigate how employment agency officers, in both public and private agencies, perceive how they help young people with immigrant background to access the labour market. Secondly, the study aims to investigate these professionals’ perspectives on the possibilities and barriers faced by young people with immigrant background in their process of labour integration.

    A qualitative study, with face to face semi - structured interviews was conducted with five professionals from both the public and private sector of the Swedish work agency in one municipality in mid Sweden. A social constructivist perspective and empowerment and advocacy theory were used. The results show the importance of the Swedish language and its importance to establish social contacts in the process of finding jobs and integrate. The results also show other difficulties immigrants may face in the labor market such as regulations laid by employers or recruiters as requirements such as being fluent in Swedish language. According to the professionals, the youth immigrants with educational background have an easier access to integration. With "Nystartsjobb" (new start job) the youth immigrants can build networks, increase their language knowledge, get references and experience and job benefits in case of job loss.

  • 1124.
    B Carlsson, Carolin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences.
    Aggregering av indikatorer och aspekter inom BRP+2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BRP+ is a framework created to measure Swedish regional development from a quality of life and sustainability perspective. BRP + is compiled of several thematic areas which respectively include numerous aspects and indicators. To study how the regions have developed over time BRP+ uses an index year five years back in time as reference point. The first BRP+ composite index was released in 2018. This thesis is a decision-analytic review of the aggregation of aspects and indicators in BRP+. Focus lies on how the increase or decrease within one indicator corresponds to the increase or decrease within another indicator and the consequences of changing the reference year used when assessing development over time. This review has been limited to study the thematic area of Civic Engagement and Democratic Participation. The results show that the construction of BRP+ in conjunction with a change of reference year for assessing development over time has an impact on how the increase or decrease within one indicator is valued in relation to the increase or decrease within another indicator and leads to a rank reversal issue. Therefore, decision-makers may find a somewhat limited support from BRP+.

  • 1125.
    Back, Ingemar
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Hörberg, Annelie
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    En ordförandegrupps känsla av samanhang2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Back. I & Hörberg, A. (2009). A group of trade union leader’s sense of coherence Ccomposition in Education. Department of pedagogy, didactics and psychology. University of  Gävle In the economic crisis which strikes hard against the industry, trade union chairmen and leaders have vulnerable positions. In times when companies needs to reduce the number of employees because of diminishing orders the organized labors get a large Burdon to help in the process. The aim of this study is to investigate a group of trade union leaders, find out their sense of coherence, also known as SOC., and to look for health factors. The results of interviews and questionnaires show that the sense of coherence in the group is on a relative high level in spite of threat and stress. A main reason to this high sense of coherence in the group is that they feel that their efforts are important and that they have support from the members.

  • 1126.
    Back, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Forsberg, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Bild och musik i förskolan: ett medel för att utveckla barns förmågor?2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bild och musik är två estetiska former som är mycket framträdande i förskolans verksamhet. Finns medvetenhet och förståelse hos pedagogerna om hur arbetet med dessa två former kan stödja barnet i dess utveckling?

    Studiens syfte är att ta reda på och undersöka hurvida pedagoger på olika förskolor och inom olika åldersgrupper har en medvetenhet och ett syfte med arbetet runt bild och musik. Arbetar pedagogerna med dessa två former i ett utvecklingsperspektiv eller används det endast som ett tidsfördriv utan närmare eftertanke? Studiens forskningsfrågor berör hur pedagogerna arbetar med bild och musik, vad pedagogerna anser att de vill få ut av arbetet med de två formerna samt vidare om de anser sig ha ett syfte med arbetet ur ett utvecklingsperspektiv. Tidigare forskning rörande området visar att bild och musikaktiviteter på flera sätt kan användas som medel för att stärka och utveckla barnet inom olika sidor som till exempel dess sociala utveckling, kognitiva och språkliga erövrande. Tidigare forskning visar även på att pedagogen har en betydande roll i arbetet med dessa två former där man framhåller planering och medvetenhet med arbetet som viktiga utgångspunkter.

    Undersökningens metod består av en enkätstudie med elva frågor som berör pedagogers medvetenhet och synsätt på bild och musikaktiviteter. Enkäterna har besvarats av elva stycken pedagoger på fem olika avdelningar på tre olika förskolor. Pedagogerna på de olika avdelningarna ombads att enskilt svara på enkäten. Undersökningens resultat visar att pedagogerna har mycket varierande svar på varför man bör arbeta med bild och musik och i vilken utsträckning man bör ha klara syften inför dessa aktiviteter. Vidare visade även undersökningen på att fler pedagoger inom samma avdelning svarat mycket olika på en del av enkätens frågor.

    Undersökningens slutsatser kan sammanfattas med att pedagogerna som deltagit i undersökningen synes ha medvetenhet och insikt i arbetet med bild och musik med barnen. Pedagogerna verkar veta varför de arbetat med formerna och har klara utformade syften. 

  • 1127.
    Back, Madeleine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Kunskap och rutiner kring hedersvåld och förtryck inom socialtjänsten - en intervjustudie i en medelstor svensk kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Back, M. (2019). Knowledge and routines about honor violence and oppression in the social services - an interview study in a medium-sized Swedish city. University of Gävle, Sweden. Bachelor thesis in Public Health Science. Department of Sports and Public Health Science. Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. Sweden, Gävle: University of Gävle.    The aim of the study was to investigate knowledge and routines about honor related violence in social services in a medium-sized Swedish city. A qualitative method with four individual semi-structured interviews was used to answer to the purpose and research questions. A thematic analysis was conducted to find patterns in the respondents' answers. The result is presented in five main themes; Collectively practiced violence, Extinguishing fires, Knowledge and competence and Lack of prerequisites. Results showed that there are no specific routines regarding honor issues and that the knowledge and competence varies depending on occupational position and department. The most notable theme was Lack of conditions, which established that the girl usually goes back home, which was considered to be due to inadequate systems and insufficient routines. Honor violence and oppression is considered an important and current issue among professionals, although there seems to be difficulties and uncertainties about how the cases should be handled and the knowledge applied. In order to meet these challenges, a shared understanding is needed, regarding routines and working methods, as well as an improved knowledge among professionals. Priority and improved conditions are also needed to develop the work regarding honor-related violence and oppression.   

  • 1128.
    Back, Stéphanie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Dahlqvist, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Material som verktyg i barns språkutveckling: En intervjustudie avseende några förskollärares språkutvecklande arbete2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Barn behöver stöd för att utveckla sin språkutveckling. Syftet med denna studie är att erhålla kunskap om hur några förskollärare arbetar med språkutveckling, vilket material de använder och hur de använder det. I studien undersöks även hur de stödjer språkutvecklingen för barn med annat modersmål. Genom att intervjua sju förskollärare från fem förskolor om detta erhålls kunskap om hur de arbetar och vilket material de anser stödja barns språkliga lärande. TAKK, babblarna och böcker är några material som nämnts i intervjuerna.

  • 1129.
    Backeby, Elina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Thor, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Aktiva pojkar och passiva flickor - genusnormer i berättelser: En textanalys av tre läseböcker ur ett genusperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan har ett viktigt uppdrag att motverka traditionella könsmönster och främja jämställdhet. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur tre av skolans läseböcker från tre olika decennier framställer kvinnor och flickor samt män och pojkar. De tre utvalda läseböckerna är Pojken och Tigern: en Sverige-saga (1986), Djurspanarna B (2001) och Nyckeln till skatten 3B (2013). Vi har även granskat om läseböckerna svarar mot de aktuella läroplanernas krav för demokrati och jämställdhet. För att kunna analysera empirin utgick vi från Hirdmans genusteori som handlar om isärhållning av könen och hierarkin där mannen framställs som normen. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ textanalys med kvantitativa inslag.

     

    Resultatet visar att endast en av de tre utvalda läseböckerna svarar mot den nutida läroplanens krav att motverka traditionella könsmönster. De andra två läseböckerna främjar snarare än motverkar traditionella könsmönster då män, pojkar, kvinnor och flickor tillskrivs egenskaper och handlingar som traditionellt förväntas utifrån deras könstillhörighet. 

  • 1130.
    Backe-Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), Department for Research on Childhood, Family, and Child Welfare, Norway.
    Højer, Ingrid
    Department of Social Work, Göteborg Universitet, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm Unversity, Sweden.
    Storø, Jan
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Child Welfare Program, Norway.
    Out of home care in Norway and Sweden – similar and different2013In: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 193-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An overview of the current situation in the out-of-home care in Norway and Sweden is presented in this article; also the development in later years is described and discussed. Socially, politically and culturally there are few differences between Norway and Sweden. Child protection and out-of-home placement of children and young people are integrated parts in the welfare state that are shared by the Nordic countries. It is a model that builds on principles of universalism and decommodification of social rights. The welfare model presupposes high public legitimacy for a high level of social expenditure. However the idea of marketization and privatization has also affected the welfare model in Sweden and Norway. Although there are more similarities than differences between the two countries' child protection systems, the article discusses some differences, for example the after care services, new groups of children and young people in the out-of-home care, like young unaccompanied asylum seekers. There are also some differences when it comes to privatization, the introduction of evidence-based methods in the child protection system and the tension between general and residual services for children and young people in the child protection system.

  • 1131.
    Backenhamn Ohlsson, Margareta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Fysik genom musik: en introduktion av fysikaliska fenomen i förskolans vardag med stöd av ett arbetsmaterial och en lärarhandledning2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1132.
    Backer-Meurke, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Gioeli, Tove
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Customer Satisfaction Drivers for Industrial Vending Systems: Evidence from the Manufacturing Industry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Development of a firm’s offering is a vital weapon for competition. Obtaining knowledge on customer expectations and translating those into product development and superior service delivery is surrounded by prioritisation decisions. Industrial vending systems are proven to be a growing field in terms of deployments but have received little academic attention, especially regarding service quality perception to support customer-oriented innovation processes for suppliers, facilitating such decisions.

    Purpose: To identify key drivers of positive service quality perception and customer satisfaction as well as trust and commitment indicators for business-to-business industrial vending systems.

    Method: Through an explanatory approach, qualitative data on multiple cases was gathered. 14 in-depth semi-structured interviews were held with customers currently using a specific industrial vending system.

    Conclusion: Solution characteristics of industrial vending systems impact service quality perception through compliance with customer requirements. A total of 13 customer satisfaction drivers were identified for the investigated industrial vending system, the most important being efficiency, user-friendliness and timeliness. Further, the presence of individual- and company level trust in customer-supplier relationships positively impacts commitment intentions.

    Contribution: Adds novel knowledge on customer satisfaction for industrial vending systems and contributes with suggestions for managers on how trust and commitment affect customer satisfaction, which can be incorporated into the value promise design, product development and marketing strategies.

  • 1133.
    Backeskog, Sanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences. University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Lindberg, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies. University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    I väntan på Det goda livet: om några ungdomars och unga vuxnas föreställningar kring jaget, gruppen och samhällhet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka några ungdomars och unga vuxnas föreställningar kring vad som är ett gott liv utifrån ett delaktighets-, normalitets- och identitetsperspektiv. Trots att de flesta unga mår bra idag är det allt fler som uppvisar stressymtom (Ungdomsstyrelsen, 2007). Tänkbara förklaringar är att pressen i skolan tycks öka, samt att övergången mellan ungdomstid och vuxenliv sker allt senare i livet (ibid). Hälsa är ett brett begrepp Ewles & Simnett, 2005). Att etableras på arbetsmarknaden samt att känna delaktighet i samhället kan ses som viktiga hälsofaktorer för unga människor (Reine, 2009; Statens folkhälsoinstitut, 2010). Människans identitet och mående kan påverkas av hennes miljö, kultur och socioekonomiska status (Frisén & Hwang, 2006; Gillberg, 2010). För att få en förståelse om hur unga människor kan reflektera kring hur den närmsta omgivningen och samhällsstrukturer påverkar dem som individer - samt hur man kan se på Det goda livet - har tre halvstrukturerade fokusgruppsintervjuer gjorts där sammanlagt 11 personer fått diskutera kring ett antal frågeställningar. Uppsatsen har inspirerats av en hermeneutisk ansats. Vi har försökt sätta samman delar och helhet - och vår förförståelse, referenslitteraturen samt intervjupersonernas utsagor ligger till grund för resultatanalysen. Deltagarna i studien visade en längtan efter Det goda (vuxen) livet, men bilden av vad ett gott liv innebär varierade och påverkades av vilken miljö deltagarna befann sig i. Delaktighet sågs först och främst som en subjektiv känsla, och intervjupersonerna anser att det är samhällets ansvar att arbeta för att alla medborgare ska känna sig delaktiga. Vad gäller delaktighet i grupp påpekades att man som gruppmedlem bör vara ärlig och öppen. Alla intervjupersoner menade att de påverkas av de normer som finns i samhället. Några accepterade dem som självklarheter, medan andra upplevde normer om ”hur det ska vara” som pressande. De flesta såg den närmsta omgivningen som ett bollplank i identitetsskapandet, och menade att familj och vänner var viktiga stöd i deras livsval. I uppsatsens resultatdiskussion reflekterar vi över teman som vi tyckte var uppseendeväckande i resultatanalysen. En del deltagare verkar inte vilja sträva efter personlig utveckling, vilket litteraturen menar är en central faktor i människors liv. Uttrycket prestationsbaserad deltaktighet uppkom då vi, bland några deltagare, såg ett tydligt fokus  på hur känslan av delaktighet kan påverka individuella prestationer. Avslutningsvis diskuteras identitetsskapande genom avståndstagande, då några deltagare menar att de bildar sin identitet och sina värderingar utifrån vad de tycker är fel i omgivningen och samhället.

  • 1134.
    Backhouse, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Kock, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    I det stereotypa blickfånget: En kvalitativ analys av huvudrollskaraktären Saga Norén i tv-serien Bron, ur ett genusperspektiv.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a qualitative film analysis focusing on the main character Saga Norén in the popular tv series Bron, based on the male and female gaze. The essay highlights the topic of how a woman is expected to behave based on the prevailing gender roles, but also how she is perceived by others. The construction of gender and gender roles is a constantly relevant research topic, where the media's power to influence the audience plays an important role.

     

    The study is based on gender theories that relate to stereotypes, as well as the male gaze. For the analysis part of the study, an analysis tool was created based on Selby and Cowdery's three-stage model and mise-en-scène, using these theories as a foundation.

    The scenes selected for the analysis were sorted into four various categories based on recurring patterns. Each category was summarized in a short section, to be discussed in the final section.

     

    The result of the study shows that Saga Norén departs from how the stereotype female character is expected to behave. Her way of appearing, and the deviant behavior pattern also contributes to her not being perceived to exist in a position to please.

  • 1135.
    Backlund, Andreas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Electronics.
    Konstruktion av ett automatiserat hybrid värmesystem2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport presenterar hur en konstruktionsuppgift av ett automatiserat hybrid värmesystem har genomförts. Två värmekällor skulle inkluderas i systemet, primärkällan var en fastbränslepanna på 30 kW. Och som sekundärvärmekälla ett solfångarsystem med totalt tio solfångarmoduler. Värmesystemet skulle värma en bostad, en maskinverkstad samt ett maskingarage. Temperaturregleringen skulle styras med hjälp av automatik. För att inhämta data på de befintliga byggnader som var berörda av projektet gjordes fysiska mätresultat på plats, studier av ritningar, litteratur, internet källor samt samråd med den externa handledaren.Detta gav i slutändan ett system som är uppdelat i två olika delsystem. Ett system med en fastbränslepanna, och ett system med solfångarmoduler. Den uppvärmda median lagras i fyra ackumulatortankar, varje enskild ackumulatortank har olika volym och väljes med hjälp av automatik. Automatiken sköts av en så kallad PLC, som står för Programmable Logic Controller (Eng.). Denna PLC styr hela systemets elektriska utrustning, vilket innefattar pumpar, reglerventiler, avstängningsventiler och temperatur inhämtning från sensorer. Som presentations metod av resultatet valdes att använda ritningar som kan hittas som större bilagor i denna rapport. Samtliga formler som har använts för att dimensionera systemet återfinns under teori avsnittet, med kortfattade kommentarer. Vissa moment har fler än en lösning, vilket ställer krav på att även klara av att göra analyser av olika lösningar samtidigt ta i beaktande den externa handledarens önskemål.

  • 1136.
    Backlund, Elin
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences. University of Gävle.
    Betongångest de Luxe: En Trädgårdsmästares examensarbete om barns kontakt med naturen.2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 1137.
    Backlund, Helena
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Distriktssköterskans dokumentation av kroniska bensår i omvårdnadsjournalen2009Student thesis
  • 1138.
    Backlund, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Palm, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Korttidsfrånvaro i en offentlig organisation: En kvalitativ studie inom hemtjänsten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine why the short-term absence had increased within home care in a public organization with focus on the psychosocial work environment. The study is based on nine interviews and the data were analyzed using a basic qualitative research. The results shows that the employees experienced time-pressured working days where the workload generally was considered to be too high. There was not always time for them to perform their duties during normal working hours and there were no margins for the unexpected events that often arose in the work. The employees felt that the community of the workgroup was good but felt a loneliness during the working day and wanted more shared time together. The conclusion was that the short-term absence had increased due to the high workload, a stressful work environment, and long periods of work without time off.

  • 1139.
    Backlund, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Östlin, Delia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Transkulturellt perspektiv i sjuksköterskeutbildningen: en litteraturstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva sjuksköterskestudenters och lärares upplevelser av transkulturell undervisning i utbildningen. Metoden som användes var en litteraturstudie som involverade 15 utvalda artiklar. Litteratursökningarna genomfördes i databaserna Cinahl och Medline (via PubMed). Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskestudenterna ansåg att de hade lite kunskap om kulturell omvårdnad och att de kände sig osäkra i sin roll som kulturellt kompetenta vårdare. De var positivt inställda till patienter med annan kulturell bakgrund men de såg bristande språkkunskaper som ett stort problem och efterfrågade mer kunskaper om hur teorier kan omsättas i praktiken. Studenter som hade genomgått en utbildning som infört kulturspecifika kurser och kursplaner hade högre kulturell medvetenhet än studenter som tagit del av utbildningar utan kulturspecifika kurser. Lärarna visade ovilja att lära ut kulturell omvårdnad på grund av bristande kunskaper om teoretiska modeller och osäkerhet över att göra uttalanden som kunde misstolkas. De såg också en ansträngande utmaning i att öka mångfalden i kurserna.

  • 1140.
    Backlund, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Höök, Jessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Erfarenheter av sjuksköterskeledd mottagning hos patienter med reumatoid artrit: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Chronic arthritis rheumatism or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease and is the most common arthritis disease, in which headache is joint pain. RA is present in all populations, with varying prevalence. In Scandinavia, the prevalence is approximately 0.7%. The ethnology of RA is a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Living with RA affect the patient physically, emotionally, psychologically and socially, meaning that the whole life situation is affected.

    Aim: The purpose of the literature study was to describe the experiences of nurse-led clinics for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and to present the study groups described in the articles included.

    Methods: A descriptive literature study

    Main results: Patients' experiences of nurse-led clinics were encounters in a warm, friendly and familiar atmosphere. The care was described as person-centered and competent provided and based on each individual's special needs. The nursing specialist skills were highly valued and described to create a sense of security for the patient. The nurse-led clinic was reported readily available, flexible and to create stability in the care. The accessibility also meant that the patients were aware of when and how to contact the nurse. The patient's experience was that good communication with the healthcare staff provided a mutual respect and instilled an increased patient confidence.

    Conclusion: The conclusion of this study was that nurse-led clinics could add value for the patient nursing care. This offered care represented familiarity, hope and confidence for the patients. To achieve added value, good communication and relationship are of the utmost importance, which in turn provide security and create a fundamental possibility in health-promoting care.

  • 1141.
    Backlund, Niroshani
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Almqvist, Lotta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Transpersoners upplevelser av bemötande i vården: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1142.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Content in the Context of Welfare Configurations: A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Self-Reporting on Corporate Social Responsibility2019In: Social Responsibility Journal, ISSN 1747-1117, E-ISSN 1758-857XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine corporate social responsibility (CSR) content in the context of four differing national institutional arrangements for welfare. An analysis is presented on howself-reported CSR differs in content across two western welfare states (the UK and Sweden) and two emerging economies in southern Africa (South Africa and Mauritius).

    Design/methodology/approach – This paper is based on a qualitative content analysis of the CSR self-reporting of 40 companies. This involved 10 of the largest companies incorporated in four countries, namely, Sweden, the UK, South Africa and Mauritius. The content is categorised into communityinvolvement, socially responsible production and socially responsible employee relations. For each category, an analysis is provided of the reported issues (the question of what), the geographic focus of reported issues (the question of where) and ways of working with these issues (the question of how), aswell as the extent of reporting and level of reporting (the question of how much).

    Findings – The study shows that companies place focus on aspects, issues and localities in ways that differ between countries and can be understood in relation to current institutional arrangements for welfare. The content of self-reported CSR can be both complementing and mirroring the welfarearrangements. Differences in self-reported CSR agendas are particularly evident between the two western welfare states on the one hand and the two emerging economies on the other, as these represent two distinct contexts in terms of welfare arrangements.

    Originality/value – This paper contributes to research on the institutional embeddedness of CSR in three ways: first, by going beyond measures of country differences in terms of extent of CSR to consider differences in CSR content; second, by focusing on the social aspects of CSR and placingthese differences in relation to welfare configurations; and third, by contributing with empirical findings on how CSR content differs across national settings and across the established/emerging economy divide.

  • 1143.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Contextualising Constructions of Corporate Social Responsibility: Social Embeddedness in Discourse and Institutional Contexts2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘Corporate social responsibility’ (CSR) and ‘socially responsible investment’ (SRI) have become predominant frameworks connecting business to society that have spread across the globe. They comprise a shared set of ideas and practices, such as those promoted in global reporting standards and by international organisations such as the UN Global Compact. Nonetheless, both are constructed and reproduced by companies in relation to context-specific social institutions, including norms and conventions shaping company engagement in social issues. Using a neo-institutionalist theoretical framework, the thesis examines constructions of social responsibility in discourse and within institutional contexts, across regions that are not often compared in the research terrain: two West European welfare states (Sweden and the UK) and two emerging African economies (South Africa and Mauritius). The purpose of the thesis is to add to the literature on CSR and SRI with a sociologically informed perspective that is comparative and connects institutional theory with social constructionism and a Foucauldian perspective on power. The thesis analyses how perceptions of CSR and SRI are constructed in relation to the social institutions that encase companies’ engagement with social issues, such as national level welfare configurations and the institution of financial investments. The main argument in this thesis is that CSR and SRI need to be seen as contextually constructed, in discourse and practice, in ways that draw the boundaries and set the conditions for company engagement with social issues.

    The thesis comprises three articles. Article 1 is a content analysis of company self-reporting on CSR and the article examines how the content given to CSR relates to broader welfare configurations and as such differs in four national settings across the divide between emerging African economies and Western welfare states. Article 2 is a discourse analysis that examines interpretative repertoires occurring in company self-reporting across the same set of four countries. The interpretative repertoires are analysed as discursive practices where power intersects with the production of knowledge on CSR. Article 3 focuses on SRI and examines responsible investing as a form of institutional work that institutional investors engage in. Based on an interview study with institutional investors in Sweden, the article analyses institutional work as a process that has the effect of both institutional creation and maintenance and it connects these institutional processes to the construction of meaning on SRI. In its entirety the thesis contributes a sociological perspective on how prevailing understandings of corporate social responsibility come into being and are reproduced.

  • 1144.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Discourse and power in the institutionalisation of corporate social responsibility (CSR): A comparative perspectiveArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how companies use discourse in corporate social responsibility (CSR) self-reporting to construct their engagement in social issues. Discourse is examined through the lens of ‘interpretative repertoires’ used in the reporting, which appear as recurrent habitual sets of explanations that are constitutive of CSR’s meanings. Using an innovative perspective that combines discursive institutionalism with Foucault’s notions of knowledge, power and discourse, the article examines how interpretative repertoires are used in self-reporting and how this has social consequences. The contribution to CSR research is both theoretical and empirical. Beginning with the assumption that context is an important aspect of how discourse is constructed, the empirical material includes company self-reporting from two emerging economy contexts (South Africa and Mauritius) and two advanced welfare states (Sweden and the UK). The analysis reveals the ways in which interpretative repertoires reflect how the versions of CSR are anchored in institutional contexts. How these repertoires are constructed also reveals how companies exercise power by constructing the conditions, and setting the boundaries, for company engagement in social issues.

  • 1145.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Ecosocial work through corporate social responsibility: The case of company engagement with civil society in coastal communities in Mauritius2020In: Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, ISSN 1948-0881, E-ISSN 1948-108XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a case study of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in coastal areas of Mauritius where company CSR work has brought new ways of engaging with communities. The study examines in what ways companies are involved in ecosocial work and what the challenges and possibilities are from an environmental justice perspective. Based on interviews with representatives of companies and other organizations involved with CSR the study shows that CSR involvement in ecosocial work may bring possibilities for advancing environmental justice for local communities as it can enhance resources and capacity building, as well as bring actors together and play a role in advocacy and empowerment work. Challenges include that companies may have difficulties in contributing to greater justice in terms of community involvement. Moreover, inequalities and substantial environmental justice issues, such as access to land and safe housing, are difficult to fully address through a CSR framework.

  • 1146.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The institutional work of responsible investing: Institutional creation, maintenance and meaning constructionArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines socially responsible investing (SRI) as a form of institutional work that institutional investors engage in. The lens of institutional work is applied to a qualitative interview study on how institutional investors in Sweden take part in SRI. The article shows that the practice of SRI involves both institutional creation and maintenance, through the creation of new practices as well as the maintenance of the existing institution of financial investments. As argued in the article, this dual institutional process has implications for the meanings given to SRI. By connecting institutional creation and institutional maintenance and linking them to meaning construction, this article contributes to the research on institutional work with an innovative analysis of how a concept is given meaning through the actions of institutional investors such as banks, pension funds, insurance companies and asset management companies, as well as the individuals within these organisations. 

  • 1147. Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    et al.
    Davies, P.
    Ponian, C.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    People in Micro Businesses & The Blue Bay Marine Park: An Analysis of Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceived Benefits2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1148.
    Backlund, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem.
    Efficient improvement of energy efficiency in small and medium-sized Swedish firms2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a dissertation about efficient implementation of energy efficiency measures in small and medium-sized Swedish firms. The aim is to investigate the potential for economically efficient implementation of energy efficiency improvement measures in small and medium-sized firms. The thesis contains five papers that analyse different aspects that have been put forth in policy documents and academic debate as  methods to improve energy efficiency in non-energy intensive sectors.

    By reading policy documents, interviewing representatives of small and medium- sized firms and energy auditors as well as analysing data from the Swedish energy audit program, different aspects of energy management practices, energy services and energy audits are considered. The thesis is the product of an interdisciplinary context but economic theory is at the foundation of the analysis and has helped formulate questions and hypotheses that have been tested and explored with the data.

    The results show that while the potential for improving energy efficiency in the small and medium- sized sector in Sweden is large there are challenges to realizing it in each individual firm. There is potential for improving energy efficiency in the sector and not just for investments in new technology but also for adjusting existing machinery and changing behaviour, but costs for investigating the potential and implementing the measures are large relative to the improvement potential in each company. Energy management practices in this sector are lacking and energy services will only be demanded if reduction in production cost is estimated larger than transaction costs of the service. The Swedish energy audit program has led to the implementation of energy efficiency improvements in the participating firms but compared to other policy instruments it has been a less cost-efficient way to improve energy efficiency in Sweden.

  • 1149.
    Backlund, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Avsättningsalternativ för avloppsslam utifrån effektiviserad slambehandlingsmetod i Avesta kommun: med fokus på hygienisering och miljömässig nytta2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sewage sludge contains nutrients, which should be returned to nature to create a so-called nutrient circulation. By optimizing sanitisation of sewage sludge with effective treatment methods, sewage sludge can be more appropriately disposed from a better economic- and environmental perspective. The aim of this work was to investigate and judge the efficiency of existing sludge treatment is possible to achieve a sufficent sanitation. Based on the streamlined sludge treatment method investigate the disposal options that is best suited for sewage sludge in Avesta town. A literature review was conducted to increase the knowledge and understanding of sewage sludge, its treatment and disposal. The case study is formed with qualitative method and information which has been collected from the scientific articles, authorities, reports, theses and personal contact as a complement to obtain a good understanding. Upgrading of mesophilic digestion of sludge at 37 ° C to thermophilic digestion at 55 ° C - 65 ° C means increased temperature; this requires more energy and hence increases energy costs. Components of the mesophilic digestion process need to be upgraded or replaced and therefore additional costs should also be considered. The advantages of the thermophilic digestion include short residence time, smaller digester and sludge becomes sufficiently disinfected. A future scenario is developed based on more efficient sludge treatment where two disposal options are most appropriate for the sewage sludge in Avesta town. Returning digestate to productive land is one of those suggested alternatives that allows phosphorus to be recovered and recycled. If not thermophilic digestion as streamlining is not effective enough for sufficient sludge sanitation, other complementary processes have to be introduced, for instance, composting drum or pasteurization. A full cost comparison between the existing sludge treatment and more efficient sludge treatment method is, however, almost impossible to be performed when all costs depend on the choice of components, factors and so on. This case study contributes with first-hand information that can provide greater opportunities for Avesta Vatten och Avfall AB to select the most appropriate options for sewage sludge disposal in Avesta town in the future.

  • 1150.
    Backman, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Kläderna gör mannen: En studie om mäns förhållande till begreppet Estetisk Kompetens2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Denna uppsats är skriven utifrån ett genus perspektiv och behandlar främst mäns förhållningssätt och erfarenheter av skönhet och utseende inom yrkeslivet samt deras medvetenhet angående begreppet estetisk kompetens. Begreppet estetisk kompetens är relativt nytt och betonar vikten av utseendets betydelse inom arbetslivet. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur män förhåller sig till och är medvetna om vikten av skönhet och utseende samt betydelsen av begreppet estetisk kompetens inom arbetslivet.

    Metod: Arbetet har en abduktiv ansats som därefter har utgått från en kvalitativ datainsamlingsmetod genom intervjuer med ett flertal män. Materialet från de genomförda intervjuerna har därefter sammanförts med diverse olika informationskällor. Sedermera har respondenternas svar noga analyserats med relevant litteratur för att därefter finna en användbar teori.

    Resultat & slutsats: Begreppet estetisk kompetens var för majoriteten av männen något främmande och de allra flesta av männen som deltog i studien var av den uppfattningen att utseende var viktigt men att fokus skulle ligga på att vara lagom. Respondenterna som medverkade i undersökningen uppvisade även en hög grad av anpassningsförmåga gällande sitt utseende inom arbetslivet. Männens förhållande till skönhet, utseende och estetisk kompetens var i ambivalent till karaktären då majoriteten av respondenterna var osäkra på hur pass tillåtande det egentligen är för män att vara fåfänga.

    Förslag till fortsattforskning: Det skulle vara intressant att närma sig detta område, som är relativt svårbegripligt, från ett arbetsgivarperspektiv då det i grunden är arbetsgivaren, företaget eller den befintliga verksamheten som anger riktlinjer eller direktiv för hur man önskar att ens medarbetare skall se ut.

    Uppsatsens bidrag: Min förhoppning är att denna studie på sikt skall kunna bistå till att öka medvetenheten kring själva begreppet estetisk kompetens samt synliggöra vikten av skönhet och utseende inom arbetslivet.

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