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  • 1351.
    Begovic, Nina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Hjelte, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    En studie om hur Sva-lärare upplever att deras resurser används - på högstadium och gymnasium2013Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete belyser ämnet Svenska som andraspråk (Sva) genom fyra kvinnliga Sva-lärares upplevelser av hur deras kunskaper i Sva-ämnet beaktas av andra ämneslärare och rektorer. Studien genomfördes på ett högstadium och ett gymnasium i två olika kommuner. Förestående studie har en kvalitativ ansats innefattande inspelade intervjuer där intervjuaren utgick ifrån en intervjuguide. Resultaten pekar på likartade upplevelser hos alla fyra informanterna, nämligen att deras kunskaper i Sva inte utnyttjas av andra ämneslärare samt att det föreligger ett ointresse/okunskap hos såväl andra lärare och rektorer, som hos föräldrar och elever om Sva-ämnet. Samtidigt upplever informanterna att deras kunskaper behövs, men att det i nuläget inte förekommer något samarbete. De skolor som denna studie berör visar på en organisation som inte har en tydlig struktur kring hur flerspråkighetsundervisning bör bedrivas.

  • 1352.
    Begum, Afroza
    et al.
    Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Rahman, A. F.
    Center for Injury Prevention and Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Epidemiology, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Rahman, A.
    Center for Injury Prevention and Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Reza Khankeh, H.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Department of Health Sciences, Section of Public Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden; Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Prevalence of suicide ideation among adolescents and young adults in rural Bangladesh2017In: International Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0020-7411, E-ISSN 1557-9328, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 177-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suicide is a leading cause of death world-wide. However, adolescent suicidal behavior is a neglected public health issue, especially in low-income countries such as Bangladesh. The study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation among adolescents in a rural community and to examine factors associated with suicidal ideation. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2013 among 2,476 adolescents aged 14–19 years, selected randomly from a rural community of Bangladesh. An adapted version of the WHO/SUPRE-MISS questionnaire was used to collect data in the Raiganj sub-district. A two stage screening was performed to identify the suicidal ideation cases. It was found that the life-time prevalence for suicidal ideation was 5 percent among adolescents. The majority of the adolescents with suicidal ideation were females 66 (52.8%), unmarried 103 (82.4%), and students 92 (73%). Suicidal ideation was statistically significantly associated with age, education, occupation, living with parents or others, and house ownership. Respondents who were aged 18–19 years, had secondary school certificate (SSC) and secondary school certificate (HSC) or higher education, were day laborers, had own house, and do not lived with parents had odds ratios of 2.31 (CI 1.46–3.65), 2.38 (CI 1.51–3.77), 4.15 (CI 2.41–7.14), 0.28 (CI 0.13–0.60), 0.14(CI 0.05–0.35), and 1.80 (CI 1.07–3.03), respectively. Among adolescents, the prevalence of life-time suicidal ideation was moderately high. Age, education, occupation, house ownership, and living with parents were statistically significantly associated with suicidal ideation. It is important to design and implement effective community based suicide prevention programs for adolescents in Bangladesh.

  • 1353.
    Begum, Tiasha
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nyström, Valeria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av barnmisshandel2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  Reports of child abuse have increased recently and healthcare staff are obligated by law to report any possible suspicion of child maltreatment to the Social Services. There are a lot of risk factors involved concerning whether a child will be abused or not, factors related to the perpetrators but also factors related to the child itself. Statistically the majority of perpetrators are the child's own parents.

    Aim: To describe the registered nurses experiences of child abuse within healthcare and also to describe one methodological aspect of the articles that this study is based upon.  

    Method: A descriptive literature review based on nine qualitative and three quantitative articles, where the participating registered nurses have experience of children that have been abused. Results: It was found that the nurse’s own personal experiences, based upon their own feelings, the support they received and the actual environment affects how and indeed if child abuse will be reported. Although the registered nurses were aware that they are obliged to report all cases, some nurses failed to report child abuse to the Social Services. The nurses experienced a variety of emotions that arose when they were involved in child abuse cases. All nurses in this study experienced that they lacked knowledge concerning child abuse also a lot of nurses wished that they had had more support during child abuse cases.

    Conclusion: The experience of child abuse cases severely affected the nurses even to the extent that some ignored the signs and failed to report to the Social Services. The registered nurses experienced a need for more support from an experienced colleague and wanted to attain more knowledge and experience themselves. 

  • 1354.
    Begun, Afroza
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Viitasara, Eija
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Rahman, AKM Fazlur
    Department of Epidemiology, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Department of Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Parental socio-economic position and suicidal ideation among adolescents in rural Bangladesh2018In: Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 2637-8027, Vol. 4, article id 1018Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death world-wide and becoming a public health concern among adolescents. However, adolescent suicidal behaviour is a neglected public health issue, especially in low-income countries such as Bangladesh. Of great importance is the understanding of which factors might be related to this growing public problem.

    Objective: To examine the relationship between parental socio-economic position and suicide ideation among adolescents in rural Bangladesh

    Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 among 2,476 adolescents, aged 14-19 years, selected randomly from a rural community of Bangladesh. An adapted version of the WHO/SUPRE-MISS questionnaire was used to collect data in the Raiganj sub-district, which is a surveillance area of the Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB).

    Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the data. Comparisons of proportions between groups were carried out using the χ2 test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between parental co-variants and suicidal thoughts among adolescents. The significance level was set atp <0.05. All analyses were performed using SPSS 20.

    Results: The majority of parents had education only up to primary school (mothers 58.7% and fathers 49.5%). Most of them were farmers (53.3% of fathers) and housewives (96.5% of mothers). Monthly income and expenditure of the adolescent’s parents were mainly upto 10,000 taka only. Suicidal ideation is more common among adolescents of low income group parents 104 (5.5%) and who were not living with their parents 18 (8.2%). Adolescent’s suicidal ideation was found to be significantly associated with education, marital status and house ownership of their parents. Not being able to live with their parents was also a significant factor. Parents who received education up to SSC had odds ratio of 2.10 (1.21,3.64) and 1.92 (1.15, 3.23) for mothers and fathers respectively. Parent’s income or expenditure was not associated with adolescent’s suicidal ideation. Adolescent’s suicidal ideation of single parents had higher odds (OR 3.00, CI 1.75-5.19) in comparison to adolescents who had both parents. Adolescents whose parents owned a house and who weren’t living withtheir parents had odds ratios of 0.14 (0.05,0.35), and 1.80 (1.07,3.03) respectively. After adjusting for other covariates parents’ marital status and house ownership significantly associated with the adolescent suicide ideation.

    Conclusion: Parental socio-economic position was asso-ciated with suicidal ideation. Adolescent with single parents were more likely to report suicidal ideation. Low parental education and socio-economic status, marital status, house ownership, not living with parents at home as well as adolescent loneliness were the important factors for suicidal ideation.

  • 1355.
    Behnisch, Martin
    et al.
    Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Dresden, Germany.
    Hecht, Robert
    Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Dresden, Germany.
    Herold, Hendrik
    Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Dresden, Germany.
    Jiang, Bin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Geospatial Sciences.
    Urban big data analytics and morphology2019In: Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, ISSN 2399-8083, Vol. 46, no 7 (SI), p. 1203-1205Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1356.
    Behr, Nina
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Love, Power and Respect: Marie's Empowerment in Erdrich's Love Medicine2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay studies the character Marie's search for empowerment in Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine. As a mixed-blood she has difficulty to find respect within the white community because she is considered Native American Indian. However, the Native American Indian community sees her as ´dirty and lowlife´due to her whiteness. She tries different strattegies to form an identity and to find love, power and respect. In the convent she wants to be the best Catholic and find respect within the white community whilst later in life she returns to her Native American Indian tribe where she searches for respect throught marriage and motherhood. The theory used is sociology of religion.

  • 1357.
    Beihao, Liu
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Tingting, Chen
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Elderly people’s adjustment of transition to nursing homes: A descriptive literature review2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1358.
    Beijmo, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Not just a teenage phase: - functions of non-suicidal self-injury in adults2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how adults 25 years old and over describe the functions of their non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and to explore whether they report any changes in their experience with NSSI as they become older. Qualitative e-mail interviews were used in order to capture the participants’ experiences. The results of the study were analysed based on coping theory and previous research. The results indicate that, consistent with previous literature, adults self-injure for mostly the same reasons as adolescents – however, as the previous research shows adolescents are more likely to hurt themselves in order to communicate with others. The adults in the present sample report using problem-solving coping strategies to the same extent as emotion-focused strategies; a slight deviation from previous research which has suggested that people who self-injure are more likely to employ emotion-focused strategies. The participants of the study generally experience a feeling of increased control and deliberation of their self-injury as they have gotten older; hurting themselves has become a purposeful coping strategy. The results of this study might have implications for treatment of self-injury in adults; focusing the treatment on strengthening the adults’ autonomy and encouraging further problem-solving coping strategies might be beneficial.

  • 1359.
    Beilina, Larisa
    et al.
    Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bondestam Malmberg, John
    Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cristofol, Michel
    Institut de Mathematiques de Marseille, CNRS, UMR 7373, Ecole Centrale, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.
    Shestopalov, Yury
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Mathematics.
    Preface for the session "recent Progress in Electromagnetic Field Theory and New Trends in Inverse Problems"2017In: AIP Conference Proceedings, ISSN 0094-243X, E-ISSN 1551-7616, Vol. 1863, article id 370001Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1360.
    Beji, Nadia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Possession in the Modern Age: a Jungian analysis of possession within the Anglican faith2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay uses interviews to gather information regarding the experience and belief which exists in regards to possession within the Anglican faith. It also uses Jungian psychology to analyse these experiences and beliefs; this is interesting because even in the modern day of science, possession continues to be a phenomenon. It still occurs closer to home than we may think; a modern western country such as England, where Anglicanism is the state religion, have special ministries assigned to deal with this in every diocese. The information was gathered through interviews and literature, to give both a qualitative and a quantitative perspective. This essay presents a possible psychological explanation for the cases of possession as experienced within the Anglican faith, which provides an alternative to the distress these individuals are experiencing rather than assuming it necessarily is of a spiritual nature. It does not, however, seek to prove or disprove the possibility of a spiritual cause behind this phenomenon.

  • 1361.
    Bekamp, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Mikaelsdotter, Alicia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Konsekvensen av att vara psykiskt och fysiskt stark: En studie om maskulinitetsnormens påverkan vid psykisk ohälsa och samtalsstöd2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics show that the suicide rate amongst men is high and that men do not seek professional help in the same extent as women. Previous research suggests that the reason behind this may have to do with masculinity norms, expressing that men must be mentally and physically strong and have the ability to deal with problems on their own. The aim of this study is to investigate young men’s attitude to seek counselling for mental health problems and what impact they think masculinity norms has on the willingness to seek counselling.

    Interviews with six young men show that our results are consistent with previous research in terms of the negative impact masculinity norms have on men’s general approach towards counselling. The young men’s attitude is however positive towards counselling. They suggested that counselling could be normalized through more information and expanded outreach strategies. Our conclusion is that men are positive towards counselling despite masculinity norms.

  • 1362.
    Bekele, Yared
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    GIS Based Factor Identification for the Change in Occurrence of Genista pilosa: a Case Study in Southern Sweden2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has the objective of identifying the possible environmental constraints that has role for the continuous loss of heathland plant Genista pilosa. The study has assessed different environmental settings where the plant occurs by way of overlaying analysis based on multiple spatial data sets. Thereafter empirical change detection analyses on the land use of the study area have been performed on the GIS environment by combining temporal based remotely sensed spatial data. The result was then analyzed using land use dynamicity model and the rates of change on each land use type are identified. Expansion of human activity, especially the spreading of agricultural land and urbanization, is found to be the most determinant factor for the dramatic loss of the plant. Finally serious attention for the protection of the plant is recommended by mentioning the possible problem that would occur due to a loss of biodiversity.

  • 1363.
    Bektasevic, Ajla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Vallin, Tanja
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    CSR-prestation och kostnad för eget kapital: en kvantitativ studie på 548 europeiska företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: CSR-performance and cost of equity capital – a quantitative study of 548 European companies

    Aim: The subject of how corporate social responsibility affects the company’s financial performance has been discussed for a long time, which has contributed to conflicting results. This study has applied cost of equity capital in order to measure financial performance. By considering corporate social responsibility as a transparency effect, which increases firms’ transparency, this study wants to examine if corporate social responsibility can minimize the company’s perceived risk to decrease cost of equity capital.

    Method: The study has applied a positivist research philosophy and a deductive research approach with setting of hypotheses. We used a quantitative research method where the secondary data was collected from Thomson Reuters DataStream. The sample of the study includes 548 companies from eight European countries. The collected data has been processed and analyzed in the statistical program called SPSS and JASP.

    Result & Conclusions: Our results prove that a positive respective negative relationship between corporate social responsibility and cost of equity exists depending on nation.

    Suggestions for future research: One suggestion for further research is to investigate why the relationship between corporate social responsibility and cost of equity appears different in nations.

    Contribution of the thesis: This study contributes to an increased understanding for how corporate social responsibility can affect the company’s cost of equity capital in a European context. The study have contributed to a new research turn concerning how corporate social responsibility can work as a transparency effect too reduce the firms cost of equity capital. It provides further acknowledge on the relationship between corporate social responsibility and financial performance which in previous research shows conflicting results. 

  • 1364.
    Belin, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Järvenpää, Heli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Barnet som aktör eller objekt?: Socialsekreterarens syn på barnets delaktighet i utredningsprocessen inom socialtjänsten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Results from earlier research referring to a child’s participation in investigations within social childcare shows that there is a coherent vision of making the child involved in the process of the investigation. However, that vision is not reflected in practical work.The purpose of this qualitative study was to study social workers’ vision of the child’s participation in investigations concerning themselves. The empirical data was consisted of six interviews with social workers, analyzed by childhood sociology, Hart´s participation ladder and Shier´s model of that ladder. The result showed that all informants consider the child’s involvement to be important. But they have different definitions of involvement or participation. What affects participation according to the informants is the age of the child, personal traits and the specific situation. Central to the study is that social workers need to be flexible and adapt to the situation. The informants also expressed the dilemma of trying to consider both the best of the child and the child’s right to be heard.

  • 1365.
    Bell, Hege Therese
    et al.
    Fakultet for sykepleie og helsevitenskap, Nord universitet, Bodø, Norge.
    Granås, Anne Gerd
    Universitetet i Oslo, Oslo, Norge.
    Omli, Ragnhild
    Institutt for sykepleievitenskap, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim, Norge.
    Enmarker, Ingela
    Fakultet for sykepleie og helsevitenskap, Nord universitet, Bodø, Norge.
    Steinsbekk, Aslak
    UiT: Universitetet i Tromsø – Norges arktiske universitet.
    Nurses' and pharmacists' learning experiences from participating in inter professional medication reviews in primary health care: a qualitative study.2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Objective: Traditionally, drug prescription and follow up have been the sole responsibility of physicians. However, interprofessional medication reviews (IMRs) have been developed to prevent drug discrepancies and patient harm. What participating nurses and pharmacists learn from each other during IMR is poorly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate nurses&#8217; and pharmacists&#8217; perceived learning experience after participating in IMRs in primary health care for up to two years. Setting and Method: A qualitative study with semi-structured focus group interviews and telephone interviews with nurses and pharmacists with experience from IMRs in nursing homes and home based services. The data was analysed thematically by using systematic text condensation. Main outcome measures: A qualitative method is useful when looking at objects from the perspective of how they are experienced. Results: Sixteen nurses and four pharmacists were interviewed. The nurses&#8217; perception of the pharmacist changed from being a controller of drug management routines towards being a source of pharmacotherapy knowledge and a discussant partner of appropriate drug therapy in the elderly. The pharmacists became more aware of the nurses&#8217; crucial role of providing clinical information about the patient to enable individual advice. Increasingly the nurses learned to link the patient&#8217;s symptoms of effect and side effect to the drugs prescribed. With time both professions jointly spoke of an increased awareness of the benefit of working as a team and the perception of contributing to better and more individual care. Conclusion: IMRs in primary health care meet some challenges especially concerning how to ensure participation of all three professions and how to get thorough information about the patient. Possible solutions might be to use shared communication tools like Internet based communication programs and to introduce the patient as a participant at the IMRs.

  • 1366.
    Bell, Hege-Therese
    et al.
    Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nord University, Namsos, Norway; Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Granas, A-G
    School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Enmarker, Ingela
    Centre for Care research Mid-Norway, Steinkjer, Norway; Department of Nursing, Mid University, Østersund, Sweden.
    Omli, Ragnhild
    Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nord University, Namsos, Norway; Centre for Care research Mid- Norway, Steinkjer, Norway.
    Steinsbekk, A.
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Nurses’ and pharmacists’ learning experiences from participating in interprofessional medication reviews for elderly in primary health care - a qualitative study2017In: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 18, article id 30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Traditionally, drug prescription and follow up have been the sole responsibility of physicians. However, interprofessional medication reviews (IMRs) have been developed to prevent drug discrepancies and patient harmespecially for elderly patients with polypharmacy and multimorbidity. What participating nurses and pharmacists learn from each other during IMR is poorly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate nurses’ and pharmacists’ perceived learning experience after participating in IMRs in primary health care for up to two years.

    Methods: A qualitative study with semi-structured focus group interviews and telephone interviews with nurses and pharmacists with experience from IMRs in nursing homes and home based services. The data was analysed thematically by using systematic text condensation.

    Results: Thirteen nurses and four pharmacists were interviewed. They described some challenges concerning how to ensure participation of all three professions and how to get thorough information about the patient. As expected, both professions talked of an increased awareness with time of the benefit of working as a team and the perception of contributing to better and more individual care. The nurses’ perception of the pharmacist changed from being a controller of drug management routines towards being a source of pharmacotherapy knowledge and a discussant partner of appropriate drug therapy in the elderly. The pharmacists became more aware of the nurses’ crucial role of providing clinical information about the patient to enable individual advice. Increasingly the nurses learned to link the patient’s symptoms of effect and side effect to the drugs prescribed.

    Conclusions: Although experiencing challenges in conducting IMRs, the nurses and pharmacists had learning experiences they said improved both their own practice and the quality of drug management. There are some challenges concerning how to ensure participation of all three professions and how to get thorough information about the patient.

  • 1367.
    Bell, Raoul
    et al.
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Röer, Jan P.
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Marsh, John E.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology. School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
    Storch, Dunja
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Buchner, Axel
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany.
    The Effect of Cognitive Control on Different Types of Auditory Distraction2017In: Experimental psychology (Göttingen), ISSN 1618-3169, E-ISSN 2190-5142, Vol. 64, no 5, p. 359-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deviant as well as changing auditory distractors interfere with short-term memory. According to the duplex model of auditory distraction, the deviation effect is caused by a shift of attention while the changing-state effect is due to obligatory order processing. This theory predicts that foreknowledge should reduce the deviation effect, but should have no effect on the changing-state effect. We compared the effect of foreknowledge on the two phenomena directly within the same experiment. In a pilot study, specific foreknowledge was impotent in reducing either the changing-state effect or the deviation effect, but it reduced disruption by sentential speech, suggesting that the effects of foreknowledge on auditory distraction may increase with the complexity of the stimulus material. Given the unexpected nature of this finding, we tested whether the same finding would be obtained in (a) a direct preregistered replication in Germany and (b) an additional replication with translated stimulus materials in Sweden.

  • 1368.
    Bellander, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Gunnarsson, Cajsa
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Vårdpersonals uppfattning av stöd gentemot syskon till svårt sjuka barn2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to describe how health professionals estimate the usefulness of support and in what frequency they use the support towards siblings of seriously ill children. The aim was also to examine differences between nurses and assistant nurses regarding the estimated usefulness and frequency of use of support for siblings of severely ill children.

    The study was descriptive and comparative. A convenience sample was used. The data collection was done using a questionnaire that was distributed to 94 people in three care units and open care units in a mid-swedish region. Fifty-five respondents answered the survey and 53 of those met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. The study group consisted of nurses and assistant nurses, all women. The questionnaire was a, into Swedish translated version of the instrument Sibling Social Support Questionnaire. The participants assessed the "usefulness" and "frequency" of support within 30 claims. These areas touched emotional-, instrumental-, informational-, and appraisal support. The main results showed that the area "Appraisal support" was considered most useful and also used most frequently. The results also showed a statistically significant difference between professional categories (p = 0.03). The nurses used the support area "Appraisal support" more frequently (mean rank 29.88) than the assistant nurses (mean rank 20.63).

  • 1369.
    Bellander, Rickard
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Testing large samples of PCM in water calorimeter and PCM used in room applications by night-air cooling2005Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The latent-heat-storage capacity in Phase-Change Materials can be used for storing or releasing energy within a small temperature interval. Upon the phase transition taking place in a narrow temperature span, the material takes up or releases more energy compared to sensible heat storage. For an ideal phase-change material, the transition temperature is a single value, but for the most common phase-change materials on the market, used in building applications, the transition temperature is distributed within a temperature range of several degrees.

    Integration of phase-change materials in building applications can be effected in several ways, for example by impregnating phase-change materials into porous building materials like concrete, wallboards, bricks or complements of the building structure. Integrating storages filled with phase-change materials makes other implementations, for instance accumulating tanks or envelopes as presented in this thesis, in an air heat exchanger. An appropriate phasetransition temperature of the supposed application is critical to the functionality of the material. For example, in cooling applications, the transition temperature of the material should be a few degrees lower than the requested comfort temperature in the building, and the opposite for heating applications.

    In order to assess the thermal properties and the durability of the material, a watercalorimetric equipment was developed and employed in an accelerated testing programme. The heat capacity of the material and in particular possible change in the heat capacity over time, after thermal cycling of the material, were measured. In the thermal cycling of the material from solid to liquid phase, the temperature rise and required energy supply were recorded. The testing programme was undertaken according to control procedures and documents. In order to be able to utilize the heat-storage capacity in the best way, it is necessary to gain knowledge about thermal properties of the material, especially the long-term behaviour of the material and the deterioration rates of the thermal properties.

    A semi-full-scale air heat exchanger based on phase-change material was developed and tested under real temperature conditions during the summer of 2004. The test results were used to compare and verify computer simulations made on a similar plant. The air heat exchanger utilises the ambient diurnal temperature swing to charge and discharge the phasechange material. The material tested in the calorimeter and in the air heat exchanger has an estimated phase-change temperature of about 24 °C.

  • 1370.
    Bellander, Rickard
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Hallberg, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Durability of outdoor exposed wood: a comparative study on a noise barrier2003Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In March 1996 nine test sections of a noise barrier were built along the Arlandaline in co-operation with Banverket, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Swedish National Testing Research Institute (SP), Beijer Bygg AB and different wood preservative manufactures.

    Each sections has an approximately length of 4 meters per section and a height of 3,1 meter. Three sections are made of non-treated pine, spruce and larch respectively. The rest of the sections are made of pine, treated with different wood preservations.

    The aim of this study is to find the most appropriate wood material for a specific construction, in this case a noise barrier, regard to durability and decomposition, and in the extension to find the most ecological and economic wood material. By comparing different wood species and preservations of wood regard to durability of outdoor exposed wood gives an indication of the most appropriate wood material to be chosen for this type of construction.

    The untreated spruce, pine and larch boards in contact with ground is in a bad condition, an assessed service life of about 5-15 years according to the results in this study, while the untreated wood above ground is hardly affected at all by biological attacks. No degradation is detected on the different preserved pine sections. More data is needed to assess the residual service life of the wood preserved sections.

  • 1371.
    Bellelind, Mia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Borvall, Chanda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Försvårande faktorer i grundskolan: – En kvalitativ studie om tidigare grundskoleelevers upplevelser 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate the aggravating factors that pupils experienced during their time in Compulsory School and how the school responded to the students' difficulties. The empirical material is based on the stories of five students at the Introductory Programme (IM). Complementary to the students' experiences, an IM teacher, who previously worked in Compulsory School, was interviewed to get a more objective perspective. The study is qualitative and the material has been thematized and contextualized with the state of knowledge and then analyzed with the chosen theory, Sense of Coherence (SOC). In the results it appears that the students experienced discontinuity, lack of follow-up and insufficient demands, resulting in a lost sense of belonging to and feeling coherence in school.

     

    Title: “Aggravating Factors in Compulsory School” – A qualitative study of former Compulsory School students' experiences

  • 1372.
    Bellman, Lina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik. (CER).
    Gebert Persson, Sabine
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik. (CER).
    Kulander, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Economics.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Boende för äldre: en studie av 10 kommuner2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Andelen äldre personer i det svenska samhället ökar. I Sverige finns boendeformer som på olika sätt är anpassade efter äldres behov. Hur utbudet av dessa för äldre individer anpassade boendeformer ser ut och vilken information kommuner ger till äldre kan ses som viktiga för att förstå om äldre väljer att bo kvar eller flytta.  I denna rapport kartläggs hur nuvarande utbud av de tre boendeformerna vård- och omsorgsboende, trygghetsbostäder och seniorbostäder ser ut på bostadsmarknaden vad gäller den äldre befolkningen i tio utvalda kommuner. I rapporten ligger tonvikten på kommunala företrädares uppfattningar och på kommunernas planer. För att få en större förståelse görs jämförelser med siffror från samtliga kommuner hämtade från Boverkets Bostadsmarknadsenkät (2014). Denna rapport är den första delen av en större studie som syftar till att undersöka push- och pullfaktorer som påverkar äldres val av boende. Av kartläggningen framgår att bostadsutbudet i de olika kommunerna skiljer sig åt, där vissa har bostadsöverskott medan andra har bostadsunderskott men där majoriteten av kommunerna erbjuder de tre olika boendeformerna. I storstadsregionen och i de större städerna finns ett utbud av samtliga tre boendeformer medan flera av glesbygdskommunerna saknar trygghetsbostäder. Rådgivning i de flesta kommuner är reaktiv snarare än proaktiv. I rapporten väcks frågan om hur vi ska se på boendet för de äldsta.                      

  • 1373.
    Benavides Ramirez, Rogelio-Antonio
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    "Jag skulle inte bry mig direkt om ingen gillar min bild, men har jag 300 följare och ingen skulle gilla det, så blir man förvånad": En kvalitativ studie om ungdomarnas förhållande till instagram2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Min studie beskriver hur ungdomar framställer sig själva genom Instagram och vad för påverkan det har till deras identitetsskapande. Med hjälp av 10 ungdomar vid 16 års ålder på har jag samlat ihop material som jag kopplat till teori.

    Dessa teoretiska perspektiv som jag använt mig av är: Identitet från Jostein Gripsrud ”Mediekultur- Mediesamhälle” 2008 samt dramaturgiska perspektivet av Erving Goffman ”Jaget och maskerna” 1974.

    Jag har tagit inspiration från Kenneth Ögren (2013) avhandling angående ”flickor och sociala medier” samt olika artiklar kring Instagrams påverkan på ungdomar och Berglez & Olaussons förklaring av medier och identitet som bakgrund till mitt ämne.

    Frågorna som jag besvarar i min studie är: Hur framställer ungdomar sin online identitet genom Instagram? Vad ger detta för resultat på ungdomarnas identitetsskapande?

    Min studie visar att Instagram har en påverkan på ungdomarnas livsstil och identitet. Det vill säga hur individer representerar sig själva skapar det normer, mönster, status och regler i samhället som fortskrider och vi blir ständigt omedvetna påverkade av varandra och hur vi ska vara och bete oss. Sociala medier har en påverkan på oss individer och genom Instagram kultur skapar det en omedvetenhet för dessa ungdomar där de alltid ska behaga sin publik med oärligheter. 

  • 1374.
    BenAïssa, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Forsberg, Sebastian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Särskilda resurser för nyanlända?: En jämförelse mellan två skolor, årskurs 4–6 i ämnet svenska2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning är en jämförelse mellan två skolor, med fokus på ämnet svenska i årskurs 4–6 och vilka särskilda resurser som används i undervisningen av nyanlända elever. Syftet är att avgöra om de resurser som används kan anses vara väl fungerande redskap för lärande, enligt de kriterier som fastställs här.

    En kvalitativ undersökning har gjorts med hjälp av ostrukturerade, icke-deltagande observationer och semi-strukturerade intervjuer i årskurs 4–6 på de deltagande skolorna. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys har varit modell för hur analysen av resurserna gått till. Vilka särskilda resurser för nyanlända elever de två skolorna använder sig av, kvaliteten på de resurser som används samt medvetenheten i urvalet av resurserna är vad som framkommer i undersökningen.

    Tydliga brister blir synliga när det handlar om medvetenheten kring nyanlända elever och deras behov av särskilt anpassade resurser i ämnet svenska. Resultatet av denna undersökning visar att de resurser i form av böcker som används för nyanlända elever till stor del är inaktuella och anpassade för yngre åldrar. Det visade sig att fördelningen av de mänskliga resurserna, i förhållande till antalet nyanlända elever på respektive skola inte är proportionerlig. Måluppfyllelsen i ämnet svenska bland de nyanlända eleverna är låg och undersökningen visar att bristande kunskap i läsförståelse samt ord- och begreppskunskap är de största orsakerna till det. 

  • 1375.
    Bendrik, Oscar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Industrial design.
    Airwasher: Luftrening med hjälp av växter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet omfattar en designprocess innehållande, litteraturstudier, intervjuer, observationer, marknadsundersökning, idégenerering, fokusgrupp, utvärdering och kommunikation. Syftet var att vidareutveckla en luftrenare/luftfuktare kallad Airwasher för företaget Växt och Miljödesign. Växt och Miljödesign är ett litet företag som grundar sin verksamhet på att hyra ut och underhålla växter till andra företag. De hyr även ut sin egen uppfinning Airwasher. Airwasher bygger på växters naturliga luftreningsegenskaper då den med hjälp av en fläkt suger in luft från rummet och med hjälp av ett rör för den ner till rötterna där en reningsprocess sker. Växt och Miljödesign hade inte några önskemål på hur Airwasher skulle vidareutvecklas utan det var upp till mig att hitta områden med utvecklingspotential. För att identifiera vilka problem som fanns med Airwasher gjordes intervjuer och observationer ute hos kunder. Det visade sig att det största problemet var att hitta lämpliga platser för Airwasher eftersom den endast kommer i en golvstående kruka med en diameter på 50 cm. Efter att problemen var identifierade började en idégenereringsprocess med målet att hitta lösningar. Alla lösningar som kom fram till en början skulle inte förbättra produkten nämnvärt men däremot göra den mer komplicerad. Det var inte önskvärt så jag tog ett steg tillbaka och funderade över det verkliga behovet, vilket var att förse kunderna med frisk luft. För att göra det på bästa sätt bestämde jag mig för att fokusera på att utveckla tjänsten Airwasher, inte produkten. Slutresultatet blev en serie med tre olika storlekar anpassade efter Växt och Miljödesigns sortiment av krukor. På så vis skulle man kunna utnyttja alla naturliga platser för blomkrukor och enkelt få frisk luft över hela kontoret. För att bestämma ett formspråk för nya Airwasher samlade jag en fokusgrupp där tre värdeord som Airwasher står för diskuterades fram. Orden som bestämdes var naturlig, diskret och pålitlig. Utifrån dessa följde ett skissarbete, först på papper sedan i 3-dimensionellt medium. De bästa idéerna togs ut för att sedan utvärderas mot samma fokusgrupp. När formen var bestämd valdes lämplig produktionsmetod utifrån Växt och Miljödesigns förutsättningar, vilket var 3D-skrivning. För att hålla sig till värdeorden valdes ett träfärgat filament av sågspån och PLA-plast, vilket passar bra in i krukans naturliga färgpalett.

  • 1376.
    Bendroth Karlsson, Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Art education and Educational drama.
    Konst för och med barn2014In: Bild, konst och medier för yngre barn: kulturella redskap och pedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Marie Bendroth Karlsson, Tarja Karlsson Häikiö, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, p. 49-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1377.
    Bendroth Karlsson, Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Art education and Educational drama.
    Om barn och bilder: en historisk tillbakablick2014In: Bild, konst och medier för yngre barn: kulturella perspektiv och pedagogiska redskap / [ed] Marie Bendroth Karlsson, Tarja Karlsson Häikiö, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, p. 11-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1378.
    Bendroth Karlsson, Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Art education.
    Pictures of Spring: Aesthetic Learning and Pedagogical Dilemmas in Visual Arts2011In: Educational Encounters: Nordic Studies in Early Childhood Didactics / [ed] Niklas Pramling and Ingrid Pramling Samuelsson, Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York: Springer , 2011, p. 85-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1379.
    Bendroth Karlsson, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Art education and Educational drama.
    Karlsson Häikiö, TarjaGöteborgs universitet.
    Bild, konst och medier för yngre barn: kulturella redskap och pedagogiska perspektiv2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är en pedagogisk balansakt att ta del av barns perspektiv och i rätt ögonblick utmana dem så att de utifrån egna intressen kan lära sig mer om olika gestaltningsformer och om den visuella kultur de lever i. Att barn idag erövrar en visuell läskunnighet är lika angeläget som att de får en verbal- och skriftspråklig kompetens.

    Med denna antologi vill vi erbjuda kulturella redskap och pedagogiska perspektiv för att arbeta med bild och konst i förskolan, men också på fritidshem och i skolans tidiga år. Det pedagogiska arbetet med bild, konst och medier har olika aspekter – sociala, kunskapsmässiga, kommu­nikativa och konstnärliga. Vi menar att samtliga är betydelse­fulla och att det är viktigt att ingen av dessa aspekter hamnar i skuggan. De senare årens fokus på visualitet, visuell kultur, estetiska lärprocesser och lärande om, i, genom och med konst behöver diskuteras ytterligare i relation till yngre barn. Med exempel från olika projekt och aktiviteter diskuterar vi hur arbetet med bild i vid mening kan vara både lekfullt, meningsskapande, lärande och problematiskt.

  • 1380.
    Bendroth Karlsson, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för kultur- och religionsvetenskap.
    Mårtensson, Åsa
    Pringle, Emily
    Parczewska, Maria
    Kan små barn ha glädje av konst?/Do small children benefit from art?2008In: Konst och konstpedagogik / [ed] Mårtensson, Åsa, Gävle: Gävle Konstcentrum , 2008, p. 38-75Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1381.
    Bendt, Pim
    et al.
    Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; .
    Barthel, Stephan
    Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Colding, Johan
    Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Civic greening and environmental learning in public-access community gardens in Berlin2013In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 109, no 1, p. 18-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse environmental learning in public-access community gardens (‘PAC-gardens’) in Berlin, representing public green spaces that are collectively managed by civil society groups. Through extensive fieldwork, and drawing upon social theories of learning, we describe learning communities in four PAC-gardens and analyse factors that influence participation and boundary interaction, that is when experiences brought in from the outside encounter socially defined competences. Results show that these PAC-gardens have self-generated social and physical structures, which to different degrees inhibit or facilitate boundary interactions, whereas skills of individuals to put those to work, in combination with the quality of the surrounding neighbourhoods, can be ascribed for creating broader participation and greater diversity in the content of learning about local sustainability. Identified learning streams included learning about gardening and local ecological conditions; about urban politics, and about social entrepreneurship. We discuss results in relation to environmental learning that combats the generational amnesia in cities about our dependence on nature, where PAC-gardens clearly distinguish themselves from more closed forms of urban gardening such as allotment gardens and gated community gardens. We conclude that PAC-gardens that intertwine gardening with social, political and economic practices can create broader and more heterogeneous learning about social–ecological conditions, and help develop sense-of-place in degraded neighbourhoods.

  • 1382.
    Benenson, Itzhak
    et al.
    Department of Geography and Human Environment University Tel Aviv.
    Jiang, Bin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Urban and regional planning/GIS-institute.
    Editorial : Bridging the Gap between Urban and Regional Modeling, and Planning Practice2012In: Journal of the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association, ISSN 1045-8077, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 5-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1383.
    Benenson, Itzhak
    et al.
    Department of Geography and Human Environment, University Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Jiang, BinUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Urban and regional planning/GIS-institute.
    Special issue: GIS in Spatial Planning2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 1384.
    Bengts, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nässén, Nessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    The power dynamics of unequal sex: A qualitative study to explore perceptions of gender, power and safe sex behavior in Thailand2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report was the outcome of a Minor Field Study project, financed by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency and carried out in the areas of Rayong and Pattaya, Thailand. The purpose of the study was to explore how social workers experience gender inequalities and HIV. Though condoms are available, safe sex is not practiced whether it be within steady relationships or in the sex trade. We interviewed fifteen social workers who are currently working with those who are HIV positive or in a risk zone. Our aim was to hear their reasons why safe sex is not practiced even though being HIV positive caused social, physical and financial havoc. We then analyzed the material using Connell’s theory of sexual inequality, gender and power imbalances by help of the data analysis program ATLAS-ti 6.2. Our findings showed several examples of how the social workers interpret gender inequalities which created situations where women and youth became vulnerable to the transmission of HIV. Due to the power men have over women, culturally-based inequalities, religious proxies, social workers believe women are not able to decide when it comes to practicing safe sex or not.

  • 1385.
    Bengtsdotter Katz, Viktoria
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogisk profession.
    Haglund, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande.
    Wahlandt, Anette
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    West, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogisk profession.
    Kursutveckling för att stötta lärarstudenters kommunikativa förmåga2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Utgångspunkten i detta abstract är att beskriva processen och resultatet i ett pågående utvecklingsarbete riktat mot att utveckla studenters kommunikativa förmågor inom Grundlärarprogrammet vid Göteborgs universitet. Studenters kommunikativa förmågor är en levande fråga i Grundlärarprogrammets tre inriktningar vilket också betonas i examensmålet ”studenten ska visa kommunikativ förmåga i lyssnande, talande och skrivande till stöd för den pedagogiska verksamheten”. De blivande lärarna behöver därför utveckla språkliga repertoarer för att möta elever, föräldrar och kollegor. De ska också förberedas för att skriva vetenskaplig text. Många av programmets studenter har emellertid liten eller ingen erfarenhet av akademiska studier och akademiskt språk och en del av dessa har även svårigheter med att genomföra sin utbildning. Studenterna behöver därför stödjas i syfte att utveckla såväl sina språkliga repertoarer som att författa vetenskapliga texter. En arbetsgrupp bestående av kursledare, språkhandledare och studeranderepresentant fick i uppdrag att, utifrån examensmålet ovan, skapa en progression som kan bidra till utveckling av studenternas kommunikativa kompetenser mellan de olika kurserna under de två första två terminerna i lärarutbildningen. I syfte att studera hur den befintliga progressionen såg ut analyserades länkningen mellan lärandemål och examinationer samt progressionen inom och mellan de två första (olika?) kurserna på utbildningen. I detta arbete, där framförallt Blooms taxonomi men i viss mån även SOLO-taxonomin (Biggs & Tang, 2011) användes, analyserades först kursplanernas lärandemål genom att lärandemålens aktiva verb identifierades. Därefter analyserades de muntliga och skriftliga uppgifter samt examinationer som studenterna enligt kursguiderna skulle arbeta med under kurserna. Språkhandlingarna i uppgiftsformuleringarna identifierades, men även olika typer av stöttande strukturer och modaliteter undersöktes. Med modaliteter avses de olika förhållningssätt till en text som studenten förväntas visa såsom skriftligt, muntligt och/eller gestaltande. Analysen visade att länkningen mellan lärandemålens aktiva verb, språkhandlingarna, och det som studenterna får öva på och utföra i olika typer av aktiviteter inte alltid stämmer överens. Utifrån analysen blev det viktigt att uppmärksamma de olika kursernas kursledare på hur examinationsuppgifternas anvisningar, i form av språkhandlingar, skulle kunna tydliggöras för att studenterna lättare ska förstå innehållet i de muntliga och skriftliga uppgifter de förväntas utföra. Inför samtalen med kursledarna användes matriser där olika språkhandlingar i kursuppgifter och kursmål synliggjordes. Matriserna visade vilka olika texttyper, såsom rapporter, argumenterande texter och beskrivande texter som studenterna förväntades skriva i kursen. Matriserna visade också vilka modaliteter som efterfrågades i examinationerna. Utifrån matriserna blev det då möjligt att tillsammans med kursledarna studera, diskutera och förändra progressionen mellan kurserna med avseende på de språkhandlingar som ingår. Slutligen diskuterades även progressionen beträffande studenternas kompetens i referenshantering med målet att de ska kunna bemästra detta efter första årets kurser inom lärarutbildningen. Referens: Biggs, J. & Tang, C. (2011). Teaching for Quality Learning at University: What the Student Does. New York: Open University Press.

  • 1386.
    Bengtson, Hannah
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Det var kul att se klassen samarbeta: En kvalitativ fokusgruppstudie om högstadieelevers upplevelser av ett hälsoprojekt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate high school students' experiences of a health project. A high school class in Uppsala participated in a health project during the spring of 2015. 19 of 22 students agreed to participate in this study and the qualitative method used for data collection was focus group interviews. Students were asked to discuss their experiences, thoughts and feelings about the health project and whether they have experienced their own influence on the content of the project. Using content analysis nine themes were found that formed four categories. Knowledge, cooperation and cohesion, conception of identity, influence and participation.

    The results showed that the majority of students do not feel they have markedly increased health knowledge. In contrast, the main results of the project seemed to consist of improved cooperation and shared stance in the class. The students expressed their need for further work of cooperation, in the form of collaborative exercises. One important thing that came up during the interviews was whether the class understood their identity and status of the school. Students' perception as to why their class was selected for the project was based on the class's bad reputation in the school and among teachers.

  • 1387.
    Bengtson, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Iwermo, Mattias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Närståendes upplevelser av vården av barn och ungdomar med autismspektrumtillstånd: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att beskriva de upplevelser av vården som närstående till barn och ungdomar med autismspektrumtillstånd har haft.Metod: Litteraturstudie med beskrivande design. Data samlades in från databaserna PubMed, Cinahl och PsycINFO. Resultatet baserades på 14 artiklar.Resultat: Närståendes generella upplevelse av vården var till en stor del negativ.Diagnosprocessen upplevdes ta för lång tid samt vara för svår. Närstående upplevde också att tillgängligheten av information inte var tillräcklig och att vårdpersonalen inte besatt tillräckligt med kunskap. De upplevde även att det var svårt att få tillgång till hjälp och stöd samt att många kände ett utanförskap utan tillräcklig förståelse för deras livssituation och sorg.Närstående fick en mer positiv upplevelse av vården när diagnosen sattes tidigt och när de upplevde en personlig kontakt med vårdförmedlaren. Vårdpersonal som upplevdes som insatt och kompetent bidrog också till en positiv upplevelseSlutsats: Resultatet av denna litteraturstudie påvisar att det finns brister inom hälso- och sjukvården speciellt bland vårdpersonal som saknar specialistutbildning som till exempel allmänsjuksköterskan. Dessa brister visade sig vara okunskap kring AST och hur detta påverkar närstående samt informationsförmedling till närstående.Svårigheten att få en diagnos då vårdpersonal upplevdes att inte ta närståendes farhågor på allvar var även en brist.En grundläggande utbildning kring AST för allmänsjuksköterskor och läkare skulle sannolikt öka kvaliteten på omvårdnaden för denna grupp.

  • 1388.
    Bengtsson, Adam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Design.
    When cars take over, what will you do?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1389.
    Bengtsson, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Mikael, Smidemark
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Psykisk ohälsa hos unga kvinnor: Fyra behandlares syn på ett aktuellt problem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's research in mental health shows that young women between the ages of 18-24 are the largest group suffering from mental illness in Sweden. The purpose of this study was to contribute to the knowledge and understanding of mental illness regarding young women. We have conducted four qualitative interviews with professionals in the field of psychiatry. The outcome-analysis was based on gender perspective and systems theory, showing that none of the experiences of the professionals aligned with mental health among young female patients being connected to upbringing, family or ethnicity. Instead the professionals emphasized social media, school, high demands and shifting to adult life, as major contributors to mental health problems among young women. Contradictory to the statistics, the professionals did not see the differences between young people of different gender. Furthermore, the professional’s opinions illustrated that statistics do not reflect reality due to societal changes. Keywords: Young women, mental illness, professionals, adolescent psychiatry, social media, school

  • 1390.
    Bengtsson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Larsson, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    En jämförelse mellan ett kollektivt respektive ett individuellt provisionsbaserat lönesystem i fastighetsmäklarföretag2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och bakgrund: De flesta fastighetsmäklare arbetar idag med ett individuellt provisionsbaserat lönesystem där den anställdes lön beror helt av hur mycket den själv säljer. Ett annat lönesystem som börjar bli allt vanligare inom branschen är ett system där fastighetsmäklarna i någon form delar på kontorets totala provisionsinkomst. Vårt syfte lyder:

    ”Vår förhoppning är att uppmärksamma människor i fastighetsmäklarbranschen på skillnaderna mellan individuell provisionsbaserad lön respektive kollektivt baserad lön och att öka kunskapen i valet mellan de olika löneformer som finns.”

    • Hur påverkas den enskilde individens arbetsprestation och upplevda arbetsmiljö av lönesystemet?
    • Vilket lönesystem är mest fördelaktigt ur företagets synpunkt?

    Metod: Informationsinsamlingen inför teoridelen har bestått i faktaböcker, vetenskapliga artiklar och från internet. I vår empiriska del har vi använt oss av två metoder. Dels kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra olika kontorsägare för att se hur lönesystemen påverkar företagen. Dels enkätundersökningar som de anställda på dessa fyra kontor har fått besvara.

    Resultat och slutsats: Vid en anställning med kollektivt baserad lön är det lättare att unna sig ledighet och det får inte en så stor effekt på lönen som vid en anställning med ett individuellt provisionsbaserat lönesystem. Stresspåverkan är densamma oavsett vilket lönesystem kontoret har. En annan sak vi kommit fram till är att en arbetsgrupp samarbetar sämre om det finns konkurrens inblandat på kontoret mellan arbetskollegor. Ledarskapet på företaget är viktigare om kontoret har ett kollektivt baserad lönesystem eftersom sammansättningen av arbetsgruppen är viktigare.

    Fortsatt forskning: Det hade varit intressant om en liknande undersökning utfördes i två andra städer med andra geografiska placeringar. Branschens andra sidor, som vilka villkor och avtal som finns för fastighetsmäklarna hade varit intressant att få en kartläggning över.

    Uppsatsens bidrag: Denna uppsats kan bidra till att människor i branschen får upp ögonen för att det finns andra lönesystem att använda sig av förutom den absolut vanligaste, den individuella provisionsbaserade löneformen. Läsaren får också en inblick över hur viktig löneformen är i allmänhet för den enskilde individens välmående och även för ett företags framgång.

  • 1391.
    Bengtsson, Annielie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Turkosblå hav, kritvita stränder, krig, kokain och kidnappningar… Välkommen till Colombia!: En retorisk analys av hur Colombia framställs i svensk press2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Colombia is a country with a most controversial reputation, carrying associations of drugs, violence and terrorism. In 2016, following 52 years of civil war and violence Colombia finally found itself in a state of peace, since the government and one of the largest and most active guerrilla groups of all times FARC-EP agreed to lay down arms.Two and a half years later there are still many of us that associate Colombia with all these negative factors that are tied to its history. In this study I will be looking into how Colombia have been portrayed in Swedish media since the signing of the peace-agreement. I have also created a survey in an attempt to find out how people in a small Northern- European country like Sweden think of this diverse place on earth.

  • 1392.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för medier, kommunikation och film.
    Filmen i Gävleborgs län2006In: Medierade offentligheter och identitet / [ed] Hammar, Björn, Gävle: Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Högskolan i Gävle , 2006, p. 100-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1393.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Film studies.
    Från filmhistoriskt vindsarkiv till digital databas på Internet: svenska filmarkiv och filmens status som konst2013In: Spår och spridning: perspektiv på internet / [ed] Bengt Bengtsson & Eva Åsén Ekstrand, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2013, p. 69-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1394.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för filmvetenskap, historia, litteraturvetenskap, medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap och statsvetenskap.
    Förnuftig fritid i Sandviken2009In: Fram träder Bergslagen: nytt ljus över gammal region / [ed] Maths Isacson, Västerås: Mälardalens högskola , 2009, p. 150-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1395.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för medier, kommunikation och film (upphört 080911).
    Regionfilmen och konstruktionen av folkhemmet2007In: Medier & politik: om arbetarrörelsens mediestrategier under 1900-talet, Stockholm: Statens Ljud- och Bildarkiv , 2007, p. 129-157Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1396.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för medier, kommunikation och film.
    Vad suckar gästboken: Uppsala Studenters Filmstudio som arena för konstfilmsinstitution och filmdebatt2007In: Mediala hierarkier / [ed] Per Vesterlund, Gävle: Högskolan i Gävle , 2007, p. 13-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1397. Bengtsson, Bengt Å.
    et al.
    Björklund, Jan-Olov
    Cederberg, Björn
    ArtDatabanken.
    Eliasson, Claes
    Franzén, Markus
    Lunds Universitet.
    Hydén, Nils
    Lindeborg, Mats
    Palmqvist, Göran
    Ryrholm, Nils
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Söderström, Bo
    Artdatabanken.
    Fjärilar2010In: Rödlistade arter i Sverige 2010 / [ed] Ulf Gärdenfors, Uppsala: Artdatabanken i samarbete med Naturvårdsverket , 2010, 1, p. 361-392Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1398. Bengtsson, Bengt Å.
    et al.
    Ryrholm, Nils
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Hur bevarar och övervakar man bäst Sveriges fjärilsfauna?2010In: Fauna och flora : populär tidskrift för biologi, ISSN 0014-8903, Vol. 105, no 1, p. 39-42Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1399.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Film studies.
    Åsén Ekstrand, EvaUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Spår och spridning: perspektiv på internet2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det tog 50 år innan internet började att mer allmänt användas. Femtio år tog det också för radion och televisionen. Hur skall man få en överblick och distans till det globala fenomen som just nu pågår och som vi alla är en del av? Ett sätt är att placera de nuvarande händelserna i ett längre perspektiv. Att dra trådarna bakåt och försöka se internet i ett något större sammanhang, för att både kunna upptäcka vad som är gemensamt med äldre medier och vad som är unikt för just internet.

    Spår och spridning är de två nyckelord som fångar de olika perspektiv som författarna representerar. Humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv, samtida och flydda tiders medieanvändning, i arkiv, film och i pressen. Nätet som både politisk arena och vardaglig förströelse. Hur ska vi se på det fenomen som vi kallar internet?

  • 1400.
    Bengtsson, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Fröjd Nornholm, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Vilka behov har barn med adhd?: En websurvey med 66 föräldrars uppfattningar om deras barns behov i hemmet, skolan och fritidshemmet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out parents' perception of the needs of their children related to the diagnosis of adhd and how they, the school and the leisure center meet the needs. Through a websurvey where 66 participants participated, we have raised questions about their perceptions linked to the purpose. The result shows that parents of adhd children perceive that their children's needs are directly linked to their impaired ability to control their executive functions. Parents meet the needs by lowering their expectations and keeping routines. Support from the environment is also an important factor in meeting the needs of children. Regarding the school and the leisure center's satisfying children's needs, the views differ from the respondents. Some believe that the school and the leisure center adjust the activities based on the needs of the children, but others say that the staff lack knowledge in their treatment, which leads to the perception that the school and the leisure center do nothing at all. Our conclusion is that knowledge about the diagnosis adhd is a must to be able to work as a teacher and leisure teacher today, because at least one person in each class has adhd.

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