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  • 151.
    Bäckström, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Jonsson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Attityder till patienter med beroendesjukdom - patienternas och vårdpersonalens upplevelser: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden it is estimated that there are about 300 000 people living with alcohol addiction today and approximately 700 000 people with harmful use of alcohol, and an estimated 55 000 with drugaddiction. Healthcare staff will meet this large group of patients everywhere.

    Aim: Describing health care professionals attitudes toward patients with addictive disorders and patients experience of the health care professionals attitudes. The aim was also to describe an outline of the selected articles of this group.

    Method: Literature study came from descriptive design consisting of 11 scientific articles. Article search by database Medline thrue PubMed and PsycINFO.

    Main results: The results showed that professional staff statedthey believe patients with addictive disorders self-inflicted their illness and therefore did not deserve any help. It also showed that patients experienced discrimination, abuse, negative attitudes and discrimination in the health care system. According to patient experience this caused many from seeking further treatement.

    Conclusions: Patients with addictive disorders were often met with negative attitudes and discrimination from health care professionals. This negative experience resulted in that many patients refrained from seeking treatemtent. It is therefore important that health care professionals receive professional training and education in addictive disorders in order to view every patient as a separate individual in order to reduce any discriminatory behaviour.

  • 152.
    Bäremo, Isabelle
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Strandman, Diana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Föräldrars erfarenheter att leva med barn som har ADHD och mötet med sjukvården: en litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 153.
    Bååth, Carina
    et al.
    Faculty of Health, Sciences and Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden; County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden .
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Gunningberg, Lena
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Surgery and Oncology Division, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Muntlin Athlin, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden; University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; .
    Prevention of heel pressure ulcers among older patients - from ambulance care to hospital discharge: a multi-centre randomized controlled trial2016In: Applied Nursing Research, ISSN 0897-1897, E-ISSN 1532-8201, Vol. 30, p. 170-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate the effect of an early intervention, a heel suspension device boot, on the incidence of heel pressure ulcers among older patients (aged 70 +). Background: Pressure ulcers are a global healthcare issue; furthermore, the heel is an exposed location. Research indicates that preventive nursing interventions starting during the ambulance care and used across the acute care delivery chain are seldom used. Methods: A multi-centre randomized control study design was used. Five ambulance stations, two emergency departments and 16 wards at two Swedish hospitals participated. Altogether, 183 patients were transferred by ambulance to the emergency department and were thereafter admitted to one of the participating wards. Results: Significantly fewer patients in the intervention group (n=15 of 103; 14.6%) than the control group (n=24 of 80; 30%) developed heel pressure ulcers during their hospital stay (p=0.017). Conclusions: Pressure ulcer prevention should start early in the acute care delivery chain to increase patient safety.

  • 154.
    Bååth, Carina
    et al.
    Karlstad Universitet.
    Mårtensson, Gunilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science.
    Mamhidir, Anna Greta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science.
    Florin, Jan
    Högskolan i Dalarna.
    Muntlin-Athlin, Åsa
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Gunningberg, Lena
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Pressure ulcer prevention – is nursing knowledge appropriate or not?: A descriptive multi-center study in Sweden2013In: Proceedings of the 16th Annual European Pressure Ulcer Meeting, Vienna Austria, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Cai, Yaxiu
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Wang, Wei
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Quality of life among residents in nursing homes: A questionnaire study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 156.
    Candell, Agneta
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Tandhygienisters upplevelse av den fysiska och psykosociala arbetsmiljön2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 157.
    Candell, Agneta
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science.
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science.
    Dental hygienists' work environment: motivating, facilitating, but also trying2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 158.
    Cardell, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lund, Amanda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att leva med diabetes mellitus typ I, upplevelser från barn och ungdomar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Sverige insjuknar fler barn i diabetes typ 1 jämfört med resten av världen. De drabbade har en förhöjd halt glukos i blodet och detta kan ge kortvariga och långvariga komplikationer. Behandling avser insulin, kost, motion och mätning av blodglukos. Sjuksköterskans roll ska vara att stötta barnet och hjälpa det att ta ansvar för egenvård.

    Syfte: Att beskriva hur det är att leva med diabetes typ I som barn och ungdomar, samt att undersöka vilka datainsamlingsmetoder som artiklarna använt sig av.

    1. Hur upplever barn och ungdomar att diabetes typ I påverkar deras vardag?

    2. Vilka datainsamlingsmetoder har artiklarna använt sig av?

    Metod: Beskrivande litteraturstudie med 12 vetenskapliga artiklar publicerade mellan 2008 till 2017 med kvalitativ ansats. Artiklarna söktes fram genom databaserna CINAHL och Medline via PubMed.

    Huvudresultat: Barn och ungdomar upplevde en abnormalitet då de drabbats av diabetes typ 1. De kände sig socialt begränsade, och hade problem med att knyta an till sjukdomen och acceptera den. Ett stort behov av stöd från olika personer och den kliniska vården fanns. Barn hade lättare att anpassa sig efter den kliniska vården än ungdomar hade, ungdomar upplevde att deras sociala liv påverkades stort.

    Slutsats: Barn och ungdomar upplevde att diabetes typ 1 påverkar deras vardag stort. De hade problem med att knyta an till sjukdomen och såg negativt på den. För att uppnå acceptans var sjuksköterskan viktig och behövde finnas som ett stöd emotionellt och kunskapsmässigt.

  • 159.
    Carleson, Barbro
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Cancerrelaterad smärta: riktlinjer för smärtbedömning, patientundervisning och komplementär smärtbehandling1999Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 160.
    Carleson, Barbro
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Kvalitetsindikatorer för bedömning av patienter med cancerrelaterad smärta2001In: Kvalitetsindikatorer inom omvårdnad, Stockholm: Gothia , 2001, p. 127-139Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 161.
    Carleson, Barbro
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Nursing management of cancer-related pain: guidelines for pain assessment, patient education and complementary pain therapy2000Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 162.
    Carleson, Barbro
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Smärtupplevelse, sjukfrånvaro och livstillfredsställelse hos personer med långvarig smärta - En utvärdering 12 månader efter genomgången rehabiliteringskurs.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 163.
    Carlsson, Maria
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Stressupplevelser och copingstrategier hos vårdpersonal på ett äldreboende.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva vilka stressorer vårdpersonalen upplever i arbetet med äldre på ett äldreboende, personalens upplevelse av stressorerna samt vilka copingstrategier de använder sig av i dessa situationer. Studien hade en deskriptiv design. Data samlades in med instrument Daily Assesment of Coping (DCA). Resultatet visade att vårdpersonalen (n 33) upplevde stress vid 86 av totalt 155 möjliga arbetstillfällen. Stressorerna utmynnade i två huvudkategorier; patientrelaterade och personalrelaterade stressorer. Huvudkategorierna bestod av fem subkategorier; patientbeteende, omvårdnadsproblem, kontakt med närstående, arbetsbelastning och kommunikation/samarbete. Medianvärdet för stressnivån var 5 (1= inte alls besvärande -7= mycket besvärande). Vid 40 tillfällen upplevde personalen att de ”inte alls” kunde påverka händelsen, vid 39 tillfällen att de ”i viss mån” kunde påverka och vid 6 tillfällen att de kunde påverka ”väldigt mycket”. Vid 56 tillfällen upplevde personalen att händelsen var ”ganska förväntad”, vid 12 tillfällen ”ganska oväntad” och vid 9 tillfällen ”helt oväntad”. Resultatet från DCA visade att copingstrategierna ”gjorde något åt det”, ”sökte stöd från andra” och ”accepterade problemet” var vanligast förekommande. Slutsatsen är att vardagliga stressorer är vanligt förekommande inom äldreomsorgen och att stressnivån för dessa är relativt hög. Vanligast var att personalen upplevde stressorerna som förväntade och att de inte kunde påverka händelsen.

  • 164.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Göransson, Marina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med och möta barn som far illa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Alla barn har rätt till ett liv med utveckling samt att skyddas mot alla typer av våld, försummelse, övergrepp och utnyttjande av vårdnadshavare. Utsatthet i barn och ungdomsåren har visat sig påverka individens utveckling negativt. Barnets vårdnadshavare har det primära ansvaret att tillgodose barnets behov, brister detta är det samhällets ansvar att se till att barnet får den trygghet och omvårdnad som denne behöver. Där har hälso- och sjukvården samt socialtjänsten en viktig uppgift.  Syftet: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med och möta barn som far illa.  Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie baserat på tio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats.  Resultat: Arbetslivserfarenhet och kunskap stärkte sjuksköterskorna i arbetet med barn som for illa. God relation och kommunikation ansågs viktigt i mötet med barnen och deras familjer. Majoriteten av sjuksköterskorna vittnade om brister i utbildning, riktlinjer, stöd från ledning och samarbete med socialtjänsten. Dessa aspekter i kombination med hög arbetsbelastning ledde till att sjuksköterskorna kände osäkerhet i arbetet med barn som for illa. Sjuksköterskorna berördes emotionellt i mötet med barn som for illa.   Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor behöver stöd från ledning och utbildningsansvariga genom att erbjudas adekvat utbildning och tydliga riktlinjer i arbetet och mötet med barn som far illa, för att stärka och öka tryggheten i yrkesrollen.

  • 165.
    Carlsson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Evelina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser & erfarenheter av att arbeta med omvårdnad kring patienter med ätstörningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av omvårdnadsarbetet kring patienter med ätstörningar. Litteraturstudien kommer även bestå av en granskning av artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod. Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvantitativa och kvalitativa artiklar publicerade mellan 2004 och 2014. Artiklarna söktes i databaserna PubMed, Cinahl och Discovery. Resultatet till föreliggande litteraturstudie baserades på 12 artiklar.  Resultat: Sjuksköterskor upplevde att de var tvungna ta över patienternas kontroll och på grund av det kände sjuksköterskorna att patienterna var manipulerande. Upplevelser av att patienterna hade sig själv att skylla och att det var deras eget fel att de hade ätstörningar uppfattades också av vissa sjuksköterskor. Vissa sjuksköterskor upplevde även att de fick vidta en mammaroll kring omvårdnaden bland dessa patienter. Sjuksköterskor upplevde att behandlingen kring patienter med ätstörningar var en utmaning och känslor som frustration uppkom. Sjuksköterskorna kände också att de inte kunde hjälpa patienterna tillräckligt på grund av utbildning- och kompetensbrist samt resursbrist. Den terapeutiska relationen var en grund för att förstå patientens psykiska ohälsa. Viktiga egenskaper för sjuksköterskan att ha var acceptans, hopp, empati och förståelse. Erfarenheter att föräldrarna skulle vara delaktiga i vården kom fram i föreliggande litteraturstudie.  Slutsats: Föreliggande litteraturstudie visade sjuksköterskans erfarenheter och upplevelser av att arbeta med omvårdnad kring patienter med ätstörningar. Vikten av en terapeutisk relation mellan patient och sjuksköterska poängterades eftersom det underlättade individens tillfrisknande. Sjuksköterskor bör se till hela patienten, både psykiskt, fysiskt och socialt, eftersom ätstörningar påverkar individernas livskvalitet. Den största utmaningen sjuksköterskor upplevde var kunskaps- och resursbrist.

  • 166.
    Carlsson, Ulrica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Karlström, Angelica
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Skattad rörelserädsla före och efter genomgången beteendemedicinsk rehabiliteringskurs. En beskrivande studie.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstrakt All around the world there are a lots of people that suffers from chronic pain. One great factor for the devolopment of chronic pain is the phenomen fear-avoidance/kinesophobia that appear to have negative effects on rehabilitation of chronic painproblems. The aim of the present study was to describe and identify how patient that took part in a rehabilitationprogram in year 2004 and 2005 with focus on behaviourchanges estimate their fear-avoidance/kinesophobia and examine if there was any changes estimate fear-avoidance/kinesophobia respectivly before and after and respecivly before and 12 month after the rehabilitationcourse. The study had a describing prospecitive design. Data was collected by the Swedish version of Tampascale for kinesophobia. The results shows that 25 % of the participant prove a high grade of kinesophobia before the rehabilitationcourse. After the rehabilitationcourse 21,1 % of the participant prove a high grade of kinesophobia and at the follw-up 12 month after the course 26,3 % of the participants prove a high grade of kinesophobia. The medianvalue of the estimate fear-avoidance/kinesophobia was 30,0 points before, 29,0 points after and 28,5 points at the Tampascale for kinesophobia 12 month after the rehabiliationcourse. There was no statistcal significant difference between the estimate fear-avoidance/kinesophobia over time.

  • 167.
    Carlsten-Gabrielsson, Olivia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wigfeldt, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjukvårdsupplevelser av Anorexia Nervosa ur ett patientperspektiv: En beskrivande litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Anorexia nervosa är en svår psykisk sjukdom som kan förklaras som ett självdestruktivt sätt att hantera livet på. Utveckling av anorexia sker genom tre steg vilka benämns; bakomliggande faktorer, utlösande faktorer och vidmakthållande faktorer. Sjukdomen kan orsakas av både psykologiska, biologiska eller sociala omständigheter. Även kroppsideal i samhället kan ha inverkan på utvecklingen av anorexia. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva hur patienter med anorexia nervosa upplever sjukvården. Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie utifrån 12 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar som utgick från patientens perspektiv. Huvudresultat: Tre huvudteman identifierades vilka var måltidssituationen, relationer på vårdavdelningen samt vårdmiljö. Måltidssituationen upplevdes ångestladdad och som ett tvång, vissa upplevde att det var jobbigt att förlora matkontrollen medan andra upplevde det som en lättnad. Relationer på vårdavdelningen upplevdes viktiga eftersom ju bättre relationerna var desto bättre vårdupplevelse fick patienterna. Vidare upplevdes individanpassad vård vara betydelsefullt samt att sjuksköterskan lät patienten vara delaktig. Vårdmiljön kunde upplevas negativ eftersom patienter med anorexia inspirerades och påverkades av andra patienter vilket kunde leda till jämförelser och mer självsvält. Slutsats: Kunskapen kring hur patienter med anorexia upplever vården och önskar att bli behandlade är bristfällig hos sjuksköterskor och övrig vårdpersonal. Det är viktigt att nyexaminerade sjuksköterskor får en ökad kunskap och blir medvetna om hur de kan bidra till så goda vårdupplevelser för patienten med anorexia som möjligt.

  • 168.
    Cedervall, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Engnell, Madeleine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Upplevelse av livskvalité hos vuxna personer med diabetes typ 1: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that can occur at any age. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which insulin deficiency occurs due to that the cells in pancreas which are producing insulin is severely reduced. As a nurse, it is important to update their knowledge about diabetes to be ableto provide the best care and support possible for people with diabetes. It has been shown that people living with other chronic diseases feel that the disease has affected their quality of life.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review is to describe how adults with type 1 diabetes experience their quality of life and to describe the methodological aspect in the selected articles.

    Method: A descriptive literature review based on twelve scientific articles. The articles where retrieved from the databases Cinahl and PubMed through the University of Gävle.

    Results: People with type 1 diabetes feel that the disease has affected their quality of life. They feel that planning is a necessity and something that is of great importance, but the thought that the disease also is life-threatening if they do not take insulin gave them much anxiety.The support of family, health care and by other people, such as work colleagues, was of great importance to the quality of life. The total number of participants was 6305 and they came from three different continents. These three were Europe, North America and Oceania.

    Conclusion: It has been shown that people with type 1 diabetes feel that the disease has affected their quality of life. This study can help nurses and other healthcare by increasing their understanding of how adults with type 1 diabetes experiencing their quality of life.

  • 169.
    Chai, Tingyan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Chen, Liyan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Nurses’ experience ofsupporting and caring for women with postpartum depression: A interview study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 170.
    Chatzoudis, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wikström, Anette
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Personers erfarenheter av att leva med ALS: En beskrivande litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) belongs to a group of motor neuron diseases. It is an incurable neurological disease that affects approximately 200 people per year in Sweden. The involuntary muscles of the body atrophies which causing the person problems to speak and breath. The disease progression varies depending on the version of motor neuron disease the person suffering, at ALS person usually dies within 5 years.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe people's experiences of living with ALS and describe the study group of the included scientific articles.

    Method: A descriptive literature study consisting of 11 qualitative articles.

    Main Results: Some patients were not satisfied with the hospital care, they were met by ignorant staff and were sent between different care units before a diagnosis could be decided. At the end the patients themselves were searching for answers themselves. Patients describe several negative feelings diagnosed with ALS. During the progression of the disease even positive emotions came and encouraged the patients continue to struggle. Patients used different strategies like existential thoughts, acceptance of aid and help from outside caregiver. Support from family and friends were important to cope with the disease and the expected death.

    Conclusions: People who suffer from ALS experienced an emotional roller coaster, which commuted between positive and negative feelings. For many patients, it was important to take one day at a time to find meaningfulness. The experience from the illness is individual from ALS and it is important that the nurse uses the person-centered care. It is important that the nurse learn from the patients and relatives experience to preserve the integrity and autonomy.

  • 171.
    Chen, Chen
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    Ning, Zhou
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    The effect of patient education interventions on stoma patients: - A descriptive review2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 172.
    Chen, Jian Hua
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Medicine and Health College, Lishui University, Lishui, Zhejiang Province, China.
    Björkman, Annica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Zou, Ji Hua
    Department of Nursing, Medicine and Health College, Lishui University, Lishui, Zhejiang Province, China.
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Self–regulated learning ability, metacognitive ability, and general selfefficacy in a sample of nursing students: A cross-sectional and correlational study2019In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 37, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The healthcare sector is fast-growing and knowledge-intensive, and to meet the demands associated with it, nursing students must have high levels of self-regulated learning (SRL), metacognition, and general self-efficacy (GSE). In this cross-sectional, correlational study, data were collected from 216 nursing students through a questionnaire. The aims were: 1) to describe the levels of SRL ability, metacognitive ability and GSE among second- and third-year nursing students; 2) to explore the relationships between the SRL ability, metacognitive ability and GSE of second- and third-year nursing students; 3) and to compare SRL ability, metacognitive ability and GSE between second- and third-year nursing students. Nursing students had moderate levels of SRL ability and metacognitive ability, but lower levels of GSE. Positive relationships between SRL ability, metacognitive ability, and GSE were observed. Third-year nursing students had a higher level of SRL ability but lower levels of GSE, compared to second-year students. In terms of metacognitive ability, no significant differences were observed between the student batches. Interventions are required for the improvement of nursing students’ SRL ability, metacognitive ability, and GSE.

  • 173.
    Chen, Ping
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Qian, Lidan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    The cognitive function of residents living in nursing home: A questionnaire study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 174.
    Chen, Xiayu
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Lu, Yufang
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Women’s experiences after a myocardial infarction: A descriptive litterature review2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 175.
    Chen, Zhe
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Yang, Ni
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Women’s experiences of preeclampsia in pregnancy: A descriptive literature review2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 176.
    Chi, Cheng
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Wenbo, Tang
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    The effect of physical activity on the quality of life in patients with type-2 diabetesThe effect of physical activity on the quality of life in patients with type-2 diabetes: – A descriptive literature review2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 177.
    Chienh, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter inom nutritionsomvårdnad: En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Malnutrition is common among elderly people in Sweden. There are clear guidelines on what kind of intervention should be made, yet there are few actions being taken. This shows a sign of inadequate organisation and management, or lack of expertise in staff performing nutrition nursing care.

    Aim

    The aim for this study is to describe nurses’ experience in nutritional nursing care. And describe the article’s data collection method.

    Method

    A descriptive literature study based on 10 scientific articles.

    Result

    Nurses had limited knowledge and skills in nutrition nursing care and therefore could not identify patients who were malnourished. They were also reluctant to use screening instruments because they do not know how to use it. The nurse has a major responsibility to perform nutritional nursing care, which at the same time must prioritize other tasks. The results were divided into three sections, which are listed under the headings: Insufficient Knowledge, Attitude, Responsibility and Priorities

    Conclusion

    Studies show that nurses have insufficient knowledge in nutrition care and use of screening instruments to identify malnourished patients. The Nurse needs more training in nutrition care and how to use screening instruments to better respond and treat malnourished patients.

  • 178.
    Chunyi, Tang
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Qiongwei, Wang
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Quality of life among nursing home residents: – A questionnaire study2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 179.
    Ciping, Zhang
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    Enhui, Huang
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    Nurses’ experience of workplace violence: A descriptive literature review2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 180.
    Classon, Olivia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Skogsberg, Hanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Upplevelser av att leva som anhörig till en person med demenssjukdom: En litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: 47.5 million people live with dementia today, and this number is expected to double every 20 year. This disease causes big changes for the person who suffers and the relative’s life and is often called "The relatives' disease". The relatives have an important role in the dementia sufferer's life, because he or she often has lived a large part of their life with the person with dementia, it is the relatives who know them the best, even though the disease leads to personality changes.

    Aim: To describe the experiences of living as a relative to a person with dementia (PWD) and to describe the study group in the included articles.

    Method: A literature study based on twelve qualitative scientific studies that was found through searches in the two databases PubMed and CINAHL. The material was processed and divided into content areas.

    Main results: The result showed that relatives of PWD often experienced feelings of frustration, anxiety and guilt due to lack of information and communication. They also described how they experienced the adaptation to the changes in their and the PWD lives and the ways in which they managed those changes.

    Conclusion: The perceived feelings that emerged in the results often came of loss of control and the changes that were difficult for the families to adapt to. Lack of confidence, poor communication and inadequate information were reasons for the lack of trust. By developing a good relationship between the nurse and the families, the families can experience trust and security. That in turn could help the care situations to be as good as possible for all involved parties. 

  • 181.
    Clavebro, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Brodin, Carola
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Övervikt hos barn och ungdomar, psykiska och sociala orsaker och konsekvenser samt förebyggande åtgärder. En litteraturstudie.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the mental and social causes to obesity among children and adolescents, their consequences and what preventive interventions that are used. The method used by the authors was to search for scientific articles in the database Medline, using the keywords: obesity, overweight, child, body image, social, family, school, depression, nursing, quality of life, social support, prevention and support. The study was performed as a literature review, with a descriptive design, and the result contained 22 scientific articles. The main result of this study showed that obesity among children and adolescents is not only an individual problem, it affects the whole family. The main causes to obesity among children and adolescents are the socioeconomic status of the family, their lifestyle, and even gender to a certain degree. The main consequences were that the quality of life for the obese children and adolescents has worsened, and they are less active. The main preventive interventions were that breast-feeding had a positive effect, as well as physical activity, and support for the whole family. Obesity among children and adolescents is an increasing problem in the Western world. There are many factors involved, which makes it a very complicated and difficult problem to solve.

  • 182.
    Cluer, Sarah
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Åsblom, Lena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Barns upplevelser av att ha en förälder med cancer: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this literature review was to describe children’s experiences of having a parent with cancer and to examine the quality of the articles relating to the sampling process, response rates and withdrawal.

    Method: Databases CINAHL and PubMed were used to search for relevant articles published between 2003 and 2013. The result is based on thirteen articles.

    Results: Three general themes were found. 1) The effects on children’s wellbeing: The children were strongly affected by their experience but rarely showed clinical symptoms. Some children were at greater risk of poor health than others. 2) Life changes and fears which influence the children’s experiences: The children had many fears which impinged on their quality of life. Life changes consisted of increased emotional and practical responsibility within the family. A need to maintain normality through a social network outside of the family-home was identified.  3) The children’s communication and information needs: The needs were great and open communication within the family was important for the children’s wellbeing. Professional information was appreciated.

    Difficulties in recruiting participants and possible response bias, affected the reliability of several studies.

    Conclusion: The result backs up Socialstyrelsen’s (The National board of Health and Welfare) staff looking after the ill parent sees to the needs of these children. The general nurse needs to have good knowledge and understanding of general child development and these children’s specific situations, in order to help and support them in the best way possible.

  • 183.
    Conradzon, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av samtal om sexualitet med patienter diagnostiserade med cancer: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 184.
    Cordova, Viktoria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Andersson, Linn
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hur faderlig postpartumdepression påverkar familjens livssituation samt vilka tecken och riskfaktorer som finns för faderlig postpartumdepression: en litteraturstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this literature study was partly to describe how paternal postpartum depression effects the life situation of the family and to decribe which signs and risk factors that exist for paternal postpartum depression. Empirical articles were searched in Medline database (PubMed) and fourteen articles were selected. The articles were reviewed for quality regards the selection and dropping. Tables of the articles method and result description was compiled. Result of the present study revealed that an increased risk of "couple morbidity" existed and even the children were affected. Children of depressed fathers were more likely to have temperament problems. Depressed fathers felt difficulties in dealing with their childs temperament. The fathers became more irritable and had less patience for the child which resulted in fewer positive parent-child interactions, which in turn affected the children's vocabulary development negatively. The results of the present study also revealed that the father may display emotional expressions in the form of irritation as well as anger as a sign of postpartumdepression and that prenatal depression was a risk factor for the father to suffer from depression. After performed review none of the selected studies were judged to have low quality and only two studies were judged to have medium quality.

    The authors of the present study consider that depression in the father should be identified and addressed, since depression not only can have consequences for the partner but also on the child's welfare and development.

    Keywords: Paternal postpartum depression, Family, Life situation, Risk factors, Prevention.

  • 185.
    Cyrén, Monika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Karlström, Ylva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors uppfattningar och erfarenheter av personcentrerad omvårdnad i olika vårdkontexter: En beskrivande litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Personcentrering är en term som förekommer allt oftare inom vård och omvårdnad. Den beskriver en vård som organiseras med utgångspunkt från patientens individuella behov och har blivit synonymt med hög kvalitet inom vården. Personcentrerad vård har visat sig kunna leda till kortare vårdtider, tryggare patienter, ökad livskvalitet och färre medicinska komplikationer. I Sverige finns intentionen att införa mer personcentrering i vården.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva sjuksköterskors uppfattningar och erfarenheter av personcentrerad vård i olika vårdkontexter, samt att utföra en metodologisk granskning av den urvalsmetod som de valda artiklarna redovisade.

    Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie som baseras på nio artiklar, samtliga med kvalitativ design.

    Resultat: Sjuksköterskor från olika typer av sjukhusavdelningar, primärvård samt boenden för personer med demenssjukdom beskrev betydelsen av att se hela människan bakom patienten, att etablera en relation för att kunna individanpassa vården och att göra patienten delaktig i den egna vården. Majoriteten av de deltagande sjuksköterskorna hade erfarenheter av olika svårigheter med personcentrerad vård. Sex studier använde ändamålsenligt urval, två hade bekvämlighetsurval och en studie beskrev inte urvalsmetod utan benämnde att studie hade en pre/post-test/follow-up design.

    Slutsatser: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter visade på likheter i uppfattningar och erfarenheter av personcentrerad vård oavsett vårdkontext. Personcentrerad vård är ett etiskt förhållningsätt och för att vården ska kunna bli personcentrerad måste hela hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisationen stödja personcentrerad vård.

  • 186.
    Czarnowska, Magdalena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lansén, Susanne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Känslan av sammanhang och tilltro till sin egen förmåga hos patienter med stroke och patienter med kronisk njursvikt: En empirisk studie2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe and compare the sense of coherence and self-efficacy of patients with stroke and chronic kidney disease.

    Methods: The questionnaires GSE and SOC was used to measure the sense of coherence and self-efficacy of patients with stroke (n=63) and patients with chronic kidney disease (n=54). The study groups were chosen from the international classification of disease (ICD-10) from a county in Central Sweden.

    Results: Both of the study groups rated highest on the comprehensibility sub-scale and lowest on the meaningfulness sub-scale. There were significant differences between younger and older patients with stroke regarding the comprehensibility sub-scale. There were no significant differences between younger and older patients with chronic kidney disease. Both of the studygroups estimated self-efficacy comparable the same.

    Conclusion: The result of this study shows that elderly stroke patients perceive to have greater intelligibility than younger patients, which may be caused by life experience which is consistent with previous studies. There were no differences in how patient groups estimated confidence in their own ability, so how they estimate appears to be due to chronic illness rather than a specific disease.It is also described in previous research. Knowledge of how patients with chronic diseases are using copingresources can lead to getting better at making use of patients ' internal and external resources to develop the quality of nursing care.

    Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, stroke, sense of coherence, self-efficacy, GSE, SOC

  • 187.
    Dahlberg, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Åkerman, Marcus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Homosexuellas upplevelser av bemötande från vårdpersonal: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Homosexuality historically had a series of laws that spoke against their human rights. In Sweden, a healthcare law about fair treatment exists, however, not everyone got the same care. A nurse's key area of expertise is the care and understanding of patient treatment.

     

    Aim: The aim of the literature study was to explore homosexual experiences of treatment in the meetings with healthcare professionals and to look at the included articles sample groups.

     

    Method: Literature study with descriptive design based on 12 qualitative scientific articles from the search engine MedLine and manual searches.

     

    Main results: The results showed both negative and positive experiences of meetings with healthcare professionals. The elements that influenced how the meetings were experienced were the professionals' attitudes, knowledge about the subject and usage of heteronormative words. Most of the included articles informed about the participants' ages and inclusion criteria. The largest part of participants were women and nine of twelve articles were made in Europe.

     

    Conclusion: This have shown that the treatments homosexual patients got could have been influenced by the healthcare professionals’ knowledge, attitudes and personal values. The homosexuals described both positive and negative experiences where heterosexual assumption, certain word choices and feelings of doubt have occurred. An increased knowledge and education about questions concerning homosexual’s and their experiences in the meeting with healthcare can help the undergraduate nurses to develop the capability for a more individual and positive encounter for homosexual people.

  • 188.
    Dahlgren, Birgitta
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder för att reducera hallucinationer, mardrömmar och overkliga upplevelser som förekommer hos patienter som vårdats på intensivvårdsavdelning. Litteraturstudie.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 189.
    Dahlin, Madelene
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ragnarsson, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Upplevelser och hantering av traumatisk stress hos sjuksköterskor innom akutsjukvård: En litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses and other professionals who work with traumatic events and disasters have a stressprotection that will help them in difficult situations. But sometimes events penetrate through that protection and trigger a traumatic stress reaction. Most people who work in emergency care meet at least one traumatic event in a week, some even more. To have a good copingstrategy becomes important to be able to continue their work.

    Purpose: To describe how nurses in emergency care experience and handle traumatic stress. Further,the methodological aim is to describe the selection groups in the included articles.

    Method: Compilation of nine scientific articles by qualitative approach was made. Systematic searches were made for articles in four different databases.

    Results: Nurses' experiences of traumatic stress were described as different feelings of psychic illness such as anger and anxiety. Recurring memories in body and soul were common. Sound, smell and images could trigger the memories of the situations. Some reported feelings of guilt and shame. The coping was mostly about a good social network both private and professional, flaws were reported in both areas. To find a meaning and to have an inner dialogue with oneself were described as important. Avoidant strategy were seen when the nurses avoided certain patients.

    Conclusion: Lack of support from employers and colleagues have been demonstrated and therefore the authors think that it is important to ask the employer in emergency care to constantly develop and improve the professional assistance to nurses who have experienced traumatic events in their work. There is a need for more qualitative research in the field and research should be continuously updated as the care and nurses' work situations are constantly evolving.

  • 190.
    Dahlkvist, Eva
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Konflikter och konflikthantering inom sjuksköterskeyrket: - en litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 191.
    Dahlkvist, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    The Garden/Patio in Residential Care Facilities for Older People: Characteristics and the Users Perspectives2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Dahlkvist, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Health and Medicine, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Hartig, Terry
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala university, Uppsala, Sweden; Institute for Housing and Urban Research,Uppsala university, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Annika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Högberg, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Skovdahl, Kirsti
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold university, Norway.
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Garden greenery and the health of older people in residential care facilities: A multi-level cross-sectional study2016In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 72, no 9, p. 2065-2076Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS:

    To test the relationship between greenery in gardens at residential facilities for older people and the self-perceived health of residents, mediated by experiences of being away and fascination when in the garden and the frequency of visitation there. To examine how these indirect effects vary with the number of physical barriers to visiting the garden.

    BACKGROUND:

    Many older people in residential facilities suffer from complex health problems. Access to a green outdoor environment may enable psychological distance, engage effortless attention, encourage more frequent visitation and promote resident health.

    DESIGN:

    A multi-level, cross-sectional, correlational design.

    METHODS:

    Questionnaires were administered June-August, 2011 to convenience samples of residents at 72 facilities for older people with complex healthcare needs. One to 10 eligible residents were sampled during self-motivated garden visits at each facility (n = 290). They reported on their garden experiences and health. Facility staff reported on objective garden characteristics and barriers to access. A serial mediation model was tested with multiple linear regression analysis.

    RESULTS:

    The total indirect effect of greenery on self-perceived health was positive and significant. Garden greenery appears to affect health by enhancing a sense of being away, affording possibilities to experience the outdoor environment as interesting and encouraging visitation. Among residents in homes with multiple barriers, only fascination mediated the relationship between greenery and self-perceived health.

    CONCLUSION:

    Ample greenery in outdoor space at residential facilities for older people appears to promote experiences of being away and fascination, more frequent visitation and better health.

  • 193.
    Dahlkvist, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Health and Medicine, Örebro University.
    Nilsson, Annika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Skovdahl, Kirsti
    Örebro Universitet, Institutionen för Hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Is there a caring perspective in garden/patio design in elderly care?: a description and a comparison of residents' and staff members' perceptions of these outdoor spaces2014In: Journal of Housing for the Elderly, ISSN 0276-3893, E-ISSN 1540-353X, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 85-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aimed to describe characteristics of and design elements in gardens/patios at 87 residential living homes for older people and to describe and compare residents’ and staff members’ perceptions of these spaces. The result showed that many gardens/patios had several recommended design elements and at the same time obvious deficiencies. The residents (n=415) valued various aspects of the garden/patio more highly than the staff did (n=667). One conclusion is that managers responsible for residential living homes for older people should pay attention to and takes measures to ameliorate shortcomings and deficient elements in design and accessibility so that the garden/patio can be used as an important health promotion resource in the care of older people. Residents and staff can be seen as very important actors in such development work.

     

  • 194.
    Dahlström, Anders
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Johansson, Ulrika
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Hemodialyspatienters följsamhet gällande kost- och vätskerestriktioner. En empirisk studie.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 195.
    Danhard Rundquist, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att i sin profession möta barn som far illa: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Child abuse leave marks into adulthood. Research shows that abused children take higher risks in their teens, report lower self-estimated health as adults, are overrepresented in several physical and psychological conditions, and also hold lower socioeconomic status. Child abuse includes all forms of physical, psychological and emotional abuse as well as neglect. It is the outermost responsibility of the Swedish state to protect all children under the age of 18. As a part of that responsibility some professions, including health care personnel, are legally liable to report to social services. However, figures indicate that health care personnel in comparison to other professions with duty of mandatory reporting are under-reporting. Aim: To describe nurses’ experiences of in their role as professionals meeting abused or neglected children. Method: A descriptive literature review of ten studies with a qualitative approach. Main results: Meeting abused or neglected children is often a very emotional experience and several nurses express a need of support. A feeling of being unprepared is common and an insecurity of when to report a case is shown among many nurses. More education on the subject is requested as well as guidelines and support from the employer. Conclusion: Nurses are in need of support regarding these issues. Specific education, guidelines and a better communication with the child protective services has all emerged as possible improvements that can be implemented.

  • 196.
    Daniels, Karen
    et al.
    Health Systems Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, Tygerberg WC, South Africa; Health Policy and Systems Division, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Clarke, Marina
    Centre for Health Professions Education, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Snyman, Stefanus
    Centre for Health Professions Education, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Ringsberg, Karin C.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Preschool children’s healthy lifestyles: South African parents’ and preschool staff perceptions2016In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 75, no 8, p. 897-910Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The worldwide growth of non-communicable diseases requires important lifestyle adaptations. The earlier a healthy lifestyle is adopted, the better. Enabling a healthy lifestyle for children during the preschool years ideally involves the cooperation of parents and teachers. Health promotion with parents and teachers is most effective if it takes into consideration their views and opinions, as well as context. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of health and healthy lifestyle from the perspective of preschool children’s parents, and the staff caring for children attending preschools in three diverse settings. Design: Qualitative in-depth study. Setting: Preschools in Western Cape Province, South Africa. Method: Data were collected through six focus group discussions and analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Parents and staff shared a holistic view of health, agreeing that children and their health were primarily the responsibility of the parents. Informants described their own health and that of children as affected by a variety of interconnected factors, including environmental, economic, social and individual influences. Conclusion: When tailoring a health-promoting education programme, it is important to consider the pre-existing knowledge the participants have and the context in which intervention will take place. There is also a need to structurally address social determinants of health that may be beyond the control of the individuals.

  • 197.
    Danneskog-Runnfors, Ida
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    God omvårdnad av äldre patienter - ur sjuksköterskors perspektiv2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe what nurses consider to be good care of elderly patients, and to describe what is important in good care. The method used was an empirical qualitative approach with a descriptive character. Seven nurses, whose experiences varied between 2 and 39 years, were interviewed. They all work at a hospital, but at three different departments. Two open questions were used for the interviews. The interviews were recorded on tape from where it was extruded to text by the author. The responses were then analyzed by being categorized into five different categories and eleven subcategories. The respondents agreed that time and personal care was the most important parts in care of elderly patients. However, the respondents also clamed that there are no differences between younger and older people with respect to good care. Respect, rehabilitation, and search for information about the patients earlier history are also very important aspects of good care.

  • 198.
    Darnemo, Marlene
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjöö, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att ha sex- och samlevnadsundervisning på högstadiet - En intervjustudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att beskriva sjuksköterskor inom skolhälsovårdens uppfattningar av att ha sex- och samlevnadsundervisning för ungdomar på högstadiet.

    Metoden var kvalitativ intervjustudie av deskriptiv design och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Undersökningsgruppen var sex sjuksköterskor inom skolhälsovården i en kommun i mellansverige. Huvudresultatet visade att samtliga sjuksköterskor beskrev att deras undervisning i klass inte existerar utan att det är pedagogernas ansvar att undervisa i ämnet sex- och samlevnad. Sjuksköterskorna beskrev att de istället har ett omfattande hälsosamtal med ungdomar i årskurs åtta där fokus ligger på psykisk ohälsa, känslor och kroppsuppfattning. För att nå fram till ungdomarna i fråga ansåg sjuksköterskorna att ett förtroende bör skapas och att ungdomars självkänsla sätts i fokus samtidigt som god undervisning inom ämnet bidrar till ett stärkande av ungdomars relationer. Samtliga sjuksköterskor påvisade tidsbrist inom yrket och att sex- och samlevnadsfrågor bortprioriteras. Samtidigt upplevde majoriteten brist på kunskap inom ämnet och att en kontinuerlig kunskapsutveckling är ett behov. Slutsatsen var att sjuksköterskorna som deltog i studien ansåg att de inte deltog i sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i den utsträckning som de önskar. Detta på grund av tidsbrist och stort antal elever per sjuksköterska. 

  • 199.
    Deikan, Zahra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Stathakis, Laura
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Erfarenheten och upplevelsen av att vara mamma och sjuk i bröstcancer: En beskrivande litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease among women in Sweden. Research has shown that the children of women with breast cancer are affected by the mother's disease due to the fact that the relationship between mother and child is special. The mother is traditionally responsible for the care of the children and when she falls ill the children experience anxiety about the future and their well-being is affected. The responsibility of the nurse is to promote health and prevent illness. The nurse should work from a holistic perspective ensuring that family and relatives are involved in order for all to cope better with the new situation.

    Aim of the study: The purpose of this literature review is to describe the experience of mothers between 19-65 years old with breast cancer while having 0-30-year old children. Furthermore, the purpose is also to describe the methodological aspect of data collection for the included articles of the study.

    Method: A descriptive literature review. Systematic searches on well-known databases using search terms was applied. Subject headings were used. 11 articles were included in the study. The data analysis was done gradually and the data was examined both individually and within the group before consensus was reached and the data categorized under themes.

    Findings: This study shows that the experience of breast cancer for mothers between 19-65 years old having children of 0-30 years is influenced by the fact that they are mothers. Results showed that mothers tried to maintain normality and to not let the breast cancer diagnosis affect their families, specifically their children, more than necessary. Mothers prioritized their children's needs before their own needs. The results showed that this is because of the mother´s conception of the children as being the woman’s and mother’s responsibility. The included articles in this study collected their data through different types of interview techniques and questionnaires. 

    Conclusion: In order to provide good care for the mother affected by breast cancer and her family, it is important for the nurse to highlight not only the patient as a woman, but also as a mother and thus considering her entire lifeworld.

  • 200.
    Delin, Rebecca
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Hammarlund, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Riskfaktorer för att utveckla posttraumatiskt stressyndrom hos ungdomar: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Posttraumatic stress disorder should be considered as a public health disease where diagnosing and treatment require attention. Adolescents who have survived life-threatening events tend to relive these traumatic events and avoid to deal with the emotions that occur, which can lead to mental disorders.

    Aim

    Identify which risk factors there is to develop posttraumatic stress disorder among adolescents and examine which data collection methods the included articles have chosen.

    Method

    Descriptive design has been used in this literature study including 13 articles collected from the databases PsycInfo and PubMed and has been categorized by similarities and differences. The articles data collection methods has been presented from the methodological aspect.

    Main results

    To be exposed to violence and traumatic events as physical injury or see someone suffer/die, be a girl, older adolescent, exposed to daily stress, broken family and have less social support were some risk factors for developing posttraumatic stress disorder. Ten of thirteen articles had a quantitative approach and used questionnaire to get responses for which risk factors there was. One article had a quantitative approach but did not use a questionnaire and two articles had qualitative approach and used interview as data collection method.

    Conclusion

    In this literature study different risk factors were identified underlying to develop PTSD among adolescents. The most common risk factors in almost all of the studies were to be exposed to violence, experience traumatic events, be a girl, have less social support from family and school, lose a family member and daily stress. As a nurse it is important to keep this in mind so the care for the adolescents are as good as possible and that coping is used in the right way.

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