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  • 151.
    Dahlgren, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Dahlgren, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Cannabisanvändande ungdomar: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med socialarbetare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of young people's use of cannabis. To do that is this study made out of a qualitative interview method where we have interviewed four social workers and one policeman. All informants have experience of working with young people who used cannabis. To analyse the findings raised during the interviews, we have chosen to use the theoretical perspectives of social constructionism and the development of psychopathology. Furthermore, we have in the study used the risk and protective factors to analyse the factors that can influence a young person use of cannabis. The result indicates that the factors behind the use of cannabis are mental illness, neuropsychiatric diagnosis as ADHD or ADD and a problematic home. This result further discussion of risk factors such as a lack of schooling and whether sex has any significance or difference among those who use cannabis as an intoxicant. One of the main results that emerge is that mental illness is the most common risk factor for young people who use cannabis, and who is current to the social services.

    Keywords: cannabis, social constructionism, social service, social worker, young people 

  • 152.
    Dahlström, Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hammar Nyblom, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En kvalitativ undersökning av professionella socialarbetares konstruktioner av kvinnomisshandel2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze the social constructions social workers formed as result of working with women who had been victims of male partner violence. The social constructions analyzed came from the social workers descriptions of the client group’s situation. The question addressed was what social constructions a selection of social workers had that had worked with women who experienced violent abuse from men that they lived in a relationship with. The question was focused on the following themes: the women´s life conditions, the relationship to the man, the violence in the relationship, and what the factors affected whether the woman stayed or left the abusive relationship. The method used was semi-structured qualitative interviews. Five professional social workers from different shelters and social services institutions were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed from a social constructionist perspective with support from earlier research in the area. The most important finding from the study, and conclusion, was that the social constructions the professional social workers made from working with the abused woman was that the entire life situation of the abused women was negatively affected by the abuse from the man. The abused women were ambivalent in their approach to the abusive man, and they lived on the hope that the abusive man would change his abusive ways. The women did not experience the violence as something normal and they always resisted the violence in some way.

  • 153.
    Daklallah, Rayan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Persson, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Förorten som socialt problem?: Förortsungdomars egen beskrivning av sin verklighet i bostadsområdet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the perspective of suburban youths on their residential are. This research is based upon qualitative interviews. In order to analyse the qualitative interviews that will be conducted, two theories will be implemented. To achieve the highest quality results, different theories will be applied to suit the purpose of this study. Our informants are three male and three females aged 18-19, living in a suburban area of south Stockholm.

    The results in this study have highlighted that young people in suburban areas have both positive and negative image of their residential areas. The youths believe that the society have attributed bad conceptions towards them. Even though they don’t agree with the society, the youths do not seem to see light in the future for the area.

  • 154.
    Dalmyr, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. University of Gävle.
    Ålund, Emilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Självskadebeteende på sociala medier: En litteraturöversikt om ett nutida fenomen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects social media can have on people who self-harm. Based on ten research articles published between 2009-20019, which we selected through a systematic search in six databases. An interactive literature review was made and thematic analysis used. Four themes were identified, the social media-based community for self-harming, the reasons individuals publish material of self-harm, the negative and positive aspects of self-harm content. Our findings show that these individuals experience a sense of community, understanding, support, and companionship on social media. In turn, support on social media can trigger further self-harm, complicate recovery, and encourage individuals not to seek professional help. The reason they contribute to the self-harm community is, among other things, to be a part of the community, maintain a self-harm ritual, to increase understanding in society, or as an artistic expression.

  • 155.
    Danielsson, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Sjöberg, Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Ta ett steg bakåt och höj blicken: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om att förebygga hot och våld mot ambulanspersonalen i en medelstor svensk region2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study was to create an understanding of how paramedics have experienced situations where they were exposed to threats and violence, and how the staff described how threats and violence could be prevented. Five semistructured interviews was performed in a mid sized region in Sweden. The main result showed that all respondents, at some occasion, have felt threatened. There have also been situations where they have been exposed to violent events. Patients with certain illnesses could contribute to the feeling of being exposed to threats and violence; although, if the employer had provided education and support in this, then maybe the situations could have been prevented. Our most important conclusion was that there have been little to no preventive work against threats and violence, except for a few courses, although, all respondents felt that experience had the biggest impact for how threatening and violent situations were handled.

  • 156.
    Dann, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ödalen Frank, Leonie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Från motgång till framgång: En kvalitativ studie om steget vidare från studieavbrott2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate how school drop-outs describe their way back to any type of occupation. The authors carried out a qualitative study with interviews based on an interview guide to be able to answer the studies questions at issue, with the intention to capture knowledge about the young adults’ opinion concerning turning-points and the meaning of self-image and relations in the surroundings. In a total, four interviews were carried out with young adults in the ages of 17-20 years, whom had dropped-out of high-school but were, at the time of the interviews, back in some kind of occupation. The authors used previously published science articles, along with the theoretical perspective of symbolic interactionism and KASAM to analyze the data. The result of this study showed that all of the young adults had experienced some kind of turning-point during their way back to an occupation, which they found to be substantial. There were some variations in how these turning-points occurred; they turned out to be an event as well as a meeting. Further on, the authors has found that self-image have had a great effect on the young adults´ possibilities to handle turning-point situations, as well as their motivation for studies, and that relations with factors of guidance and a respectful treatment has been crucial for the step towards an occupation. 

  • 157.
    Dao, Catherine. H
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    An exploratory study of the methods and strategies implemented to integrate unaccompanied minors in five residential home in Sweden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore what methods the personnel in five residential care homes in Götaland, Sweden, implement to integrate unaccompanied minors. The study investigated how and what methods are constructed as well as how the social interaction between the unaccompanied minors and the personnel at the homes bring about the learning of the methods. Five face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed through the perspective of social construction and social learning theory. The result revealed that the methods are not clearly identified by the personnel. The personals are still learning how to work with unaccompanied minors from their experiences. This indicates that the practice is at its infant stage. The study found a wide variety of methods, which were based on the child and where some methods intend to build good relationship, to integrate the children into society and to facilitate the development of strategies and methods. The study also addresses the issue of how the methods and strategies can be affected by the dynamic migratory flow and the question of evidence based practice within this field.

  • 158.
    Diaz, Wera
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Lindberg, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    "Barnen hamnar efter...": En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterare kan beakta barnperspektivet vid ekonomiskt bistånd2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how social workers may define and apply the children's perspective, and how they perceive their discretion when administering social assistance. A qualitative method consisting of semi-structured interviews with four social workers is used. The results show that there are individual differences in the view on what the child perspective entails and how it is put into practice. The social workers’ focus tends to be on the adults’ perspective. Workload, lack of knowledge and the organizational culture are described as influencing factors. There seems to be significant room for discretion in assessments and decisions, although limited by law and guidelines. The social worker's position between the organization's demands and the client's needs seems to be complicated. The results are in line with previous research. It is proposed that in future research investigate the use of the child perspective after implementation of the UN convention on the rights of the child as legislation in Sweden.

  • 159.
    Dobrovolskaya, Irina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nilsson, Runa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Vem för och vem följer?: En diskursanalytisk studie av hur biståndshandläggare och brukare inom den kommunala äldreomsorgen framställs i tidningsartiklar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze subject positions given to case workers and elderly people within community-based elderly care in two different newspapers. The method used was discourse analysis, including tools such as categorization of discourses, transitivity and modality. The theoretical framework was built on a set of socio-political discourses. The findings of the study were largely in agreement with previous research, identifying a limited set of positions for both elderly and case workers. The former were mostly presented as either passive, bereft of rights and described by others, or as active users of community services. The latter were portrayed on the one hand as passive in relation to the users of community services and to their employers, and on the other hand as active government officials with a great deal of control and decision-making power towards elderly people. These positions are consistent primarily with individualized socio-political discourses.

  • 160.
    Dragon, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Andersson, Marlene
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Vägen ut har ju inte direkt varit rak: en narrativ studie om upplevelser av utträde ur långvarig hemlöshet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningar visar att 34 000 människor i Sverige är hemlösa. Detta trots att kommunerna har ett lagstadgat ansvar att tillhandahålla dess innevånare stöd och hjälp. Syftet med studien var att identifiera och beskriva upplevelser av hindrande respektive underlättande faktorer vid utträde ur hemlöshet samt erfarenheter av samhälleligt stöd kopplat till detta. Narrativa intervjuer genomfördes med två personer vilka tagit sig ur långvarig hemlöshet. Resultatet, som analyserades med stämplingsteorin och exitteorin, visade att missbruk var det mest framträdande hindret tillsammans med exempelvis svaga nätverk, skam, att ej vara berättigad till försörjningsstöd samt psykiska problem. Underlättande faktorer beskrevs bland annat som; stödjande nätverk, undvikande av tidigare umgänge samt andlig upplevelse. Socialtjänstens stöd framställdes som bristfälligt och en djup frustration uttrycktes över motkraven på drogfrihet. Merparten av resultatet gick i linje med tidigare forskning, men studiens resultat påvisade även nya påverkansfaktorer såsom ”att ej vara berättigad till försörjningsstöd” samt ”andliga upplevelser”. 

  • 161.
    Drangelid, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Norberg, Josefin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Så länge du har en LSS insats så lever du efter ett regelverk. Hur ska du då kunna bli integrerad i samhället?": En kvalitativ studie om hur chefer och medarbetare uppfattar att omsorgen för unga vuxna med lindrig intellektuell funktionsnedsättning fungerar.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how managers and employees experience the care for young adults with mild intellectual disabilities and if something needs to be done to make the support more adjusted to the these individuals. This was conducted with a qualitative study where two managers and two employees, who meets the target group of the study thought their profession, was interviewed. The interview guide covered the four main themes; normalization, individuality, alienation and social belonging. The results were analyzed through an inductive thematic analysis method through the theories SOC and empowerment. The most striking result was that the informants all agree that the support they have to offer isn’t adapted for the target group, especially when it comes to self-determination, building a family and labor market.

  • 162.
    Edlund Ängskog, Jenny
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Working against trafficking: Perspectives on collaborative work between Swedish administrative authorities.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore prerequisites for collaboration between Swedish authorities in their work with women exposed to trafficking with sexual purpose. A qualitative research method was used. Three over-phone semi-structured interviews and one face-to-face semi-structured interview were conducted with professionals from the County Administrative Board, the Social Services and the Swedish Migration Agency. The results were analysed thematically through three themes with relating subthemes. The results showed that the professionals perceived collaborative work as important in order to treat each aspect of the diverse issue that is human trafficking, as well as to exchange knowledge and experiences with the involved authorities. Moreover, the professionals described that prerequisites for a functioning collaborative work are; clear assignation of roles, sufficient time and budget, and that each agency is aware of the importance of collaboration. Some difficulties within collaborative work highlighted by the participants were; different opinions and agendas between the agencies and lack of knowledge. Finally, some implications for future research were noticed, for example a lack of research regarding collaborative work between agencies against human trafficking for sexual purposes.

  • 163.
    Edvardsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ruuska, Britt
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Det är tur att han inte velat börja med hockey": En studie om barn i ekonomiskt utsatta familjer ur ett föräldraperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about parents’ perception of child poverty in Sweden, how children get affected by family finances and how children can handle difficulties with being poor. The parents in this study express that there are times when the children do not have the same opportunities as their peers. According to the parents it is because of the families’ shortcomings in the economy, which can be seen through their leisure activities, clothes and holidays. Not being able to afford brand name clothes can give offense and be stigmatizing. Based on the parents' stories, we have interpreted the children's handling of situations through different strategies. The children mainly use adaptation and avoidance strategies to handle different situations.  Adaptation strategies are where the child adjusts and accepts the situation and avoidance trategies where the child avoids situations that are stigmatized. The children also use action strategies where they actively try to change their situation.

  • 164.
    Efverström, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Different socities, different conditions: Lessons from anti-doping in elite-sport on a global level2017In: Doping in sport, doping in society - Lessons, themes and connections: Book of abstracts, Aarhus University, Department of Public Health , 2017, p. 7-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Justice and fairness in sport is fundamental for its legitimate existence. On a global level, the creation of the World Anti-Doping Agency and the regulatory framework World Anti-Doping Code was formed largely as a consequence of the need for a coordination of the work against performance enhancing drugs in sports. Today, the anti-doping system often means application of rules and "best practice" developed in the cultural West for the cultural rest. Research on anti-doping policy or practice not only tends to be based on deductive models, these models may also assumingly be culturally biased. Moreover, we have relatively little knowledge of the practical conditions for individual athletes concerning implementation of the rules in different contexts around the world. This presentation, however, adds to the existing research with new empirical findings from interview data on diverging conditions for elite athletes in different social, cultural and geographical contexts. Through exploring how 13 elite athletes from five continents and three different sports federations perceived the anti-doping programme, we were able to show that global anti-doping policy was implemented in different contexts under different conditions. These differences included infrastructure, knowledge and support. How participation in anti-doping procedures on an everyday basis is endorsed may thus vary around the world. By examining our interview data on the athletes’ perceptions and experiences in relation to theories of procedural justice, we were able to analyse the legitimacy of anti-doping in practice. These findings suggest that inequities and structural injustice emerge on an individual level because of the varying contexts and conditions. In turn, the consequences may have implications for the legitimacy of the anti-doping work. In order to understand implementation processes of regulations, we propose that anti-doping policy-making pay attention to differences that may exist on an individual and practical level. Perspectives that underpin regulations applied globally should in other words be sensitive to varying contexts and conditions.

  • 165.
    Ejestrand, Jeanette
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Gustavsson, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    ”Det är som att hamna i en rävsax, det är jäkligt svårt att komma ur det och då har man ett kraftigt sår i foten”: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomsarbetslöshet och dess relation till ungdomskriminalitet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study’s purpose is to examine the relation between youth unemployment and crime, so called youth crime. The focus of the study lies on the relation between unemployment and crime according to professionals’ perspective and how this confirms with former research. The empirical has been collected through qualitative interviews and analysed with stigma as main theory. The result of the study indicates that unemployment has a big impact on crime. However, there are several other parts involved, such as residence, health, education and upbringing. The conclusion is that all parts affects one and another and creates the bigger picture plus that the problematic area is complex, alienation is pervasive.

  • 166.
    Ekskog Winther, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Henriksson, Mikaela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Utsatta kvinnor och otursdrabbade män?: Porträttering av våldsbrottsoffer i svensk media2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to study how Swedish text- based media constructed their portrayal of victims suffering from criminal violence and also to see if there were any gender differences in these portrayals. The study was made by using a qualitative content analysis based on 24 newspaper articles from the Swedish newspapers Aftonbladet and Expressen. The analysis and coding took support from Butler’s gender- theory and Christie’s “ideal type victim”- theory. The analysis resulted in multiple similarities and differences between the female- and male victims. The greatest similarity was the portrayal of the victims as legitimate, although none of the 24 cases fell under the most stereotypical portrait of a crime- victim. The most interesting difference in the results was that the men’s obtained legitimate and dignity despite several showed some kind of doubtful lifestyle.

  • 167.
    Elofsson, Frida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Nomyr Adobati, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Leder förändring till förbättring?: Socialsekreterares upplevelser av det reviderade BBIC2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BBIC is a working method, documentation and processing system with children’s needs in focus. The purpose is to promote social work based on knowledge. During 2014, the National Board of Health and Welfare was authorised by the government to further develop BBIC. The study partly focused on making BBIC easier to use and to increase the participation of children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to look into social workers’ experiences after that the revision took place. Six interviews were conducted in three different municipalities in the middle of Sweden. The result of the study showed that the revised BBIC contributed to a significantly simpler, clearer and above all a more structured way of working, reducing the time previously used on documentation. This in turn meant that it became easier to inform and to involve children and adolescents. The study result therefore indicates that BBIC has become easier to use after the revision and that the participation has increased.

  • 168.
    Embretzèn, Anda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Hedberg, Maria
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Anhörigvårdare: en roll som tar över tillvaron 24 timmar om dygnet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka manliga och kvinnliga anhörigvårdares upplevelser av att vara anhörigvårdare. Vi har intervjuat tre kvinnliga och tre manliga anhörigvårdare i en glesbygdskommun. Informanterna var i åldrarna 68 till 80 år och de har varit verksamma som anhörigvårdare mellan 7 till 22 år. Utgångspunkten har varit anhörigvårdarnas beskrivning av sin vardag, de händelserna som har lett dem till att vara anhörigvårdare, deras beskrivning av sina roller som anhörigvårdare, samt reflektioner över stöd och hjälp från den offentliga omsorgen. Intervjuerna var halvstrukturerade, vi använde oss av fyra centrala teman, det vill säga anhörigvårdarnas upplevelser av omsorgsförloppet, deras beskrivning av anhörigvårdarrollen, vilken betydelse de anser att stöd och hjälp från andra aktörer har för dem, samt anhörigvårdarnas reflektioner över könets betydelse inom anhörigvården. De dominerande upplevelserna som rådde bland anhörigvårdarna var känslan av att anhörigvårdarrollen tar tid i anspråk. Att vara anhörigvårdare betydde för de flesta att vara detta 24 timmar om dygnet och att det inte fanns tid för egna intressen. Anhörigvårdarna hade mer eller mindre anpassat hela sitt liv till den sjuke partnerns behov. Känslan av att inte ha någon valmöjlighet vid påtagandet av anhörigvårdarrollen var stark bland de kvinnliga informanterna. Däremot beskriver de manliga informanterna åtagandet av anhörigvårdaruppgifter som ett medvetet och övervägt beslut. Synen på hjälp och stöd från den offentliga omsorgen varierade, vissa ansåg sig ha fått den hjälp de begärde, medan andra lyfte fram våndan inför beslutet att ta emot stöd och hjälp utifrån. Intervjuerna berörde även könsspecifika skillnader i anhörigvårdarrollen. Samtliga informanter ansåg att anhörigvårdarrollen passar det kvinnliga könet bäst, eftersom omsorgen av familjen naturligt tilldelas kvinnor. Trots denna uppfattning, framkom det att individens egen personlighet och vilja att hjälpa sin närmaste är det som avgör om personen är beredd att ta på sig rollen som anhörigvårdare. Vi kunde uppmärksamma att kvinnor var mer bundna vid könsstereotyper, medan det hos männen fanns en vilja att bryta ned dessa och visa att även männen klarar av hushållssysslor och omsorg av sin partner.

  • 169.
    Emelyanova, Ivanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Consequences of Internet (mis)use: views among university students and social workers2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to explore views on consequences of Internet use among young people sampled at a Swedish university. Both quantitative and qualitative research designs were used. The quantitative data were gathered by a quantitative survey conducted among 50 university students at the University of Gävle. To broaden the picture, face-to-face interviews were conducted with two social workers (from Sweden and Russia). In order to analyze and interpret the data collected, Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model of human development and learning theory were applied. Symptoms of Internet addiction proposed by Young (1998a) were used to examine whether the data collected demonstrated presence of Internet addiction among sampled university students. The results indicated that the majority of respondents had an excessive use of Internet, however, the female participants and different aspects of their everyday life seemed to be more influenced by Internet use compared to the male respondents. Another conclusion is that the field of social work has to increase the knowledge and competence in diagnosing the symptoms of excessive Internet use. Internet related disorders are problems of increased proportion and mental health counsellors need to be prepared to meet a growing demand in the area of social work.

  • 170.
    Emtås, Elvira
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Engblom, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Psykisk ohälsa hos barn och unga såsom den framställs i media: En diskursanalys av svenska tidningsartiklar från dags- och kvällspress under tidsperioden 161020-1704202017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur psykisk ohälsa hos barn och unga framställdes i fyra rikstäckande tidningar i Sverige. För att besvara syftet användes diskursanalys som teori och metod samt ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv. Psykisk ohälsa hos barn och unga framställdes i tidningsartiklarna i flera olika sammanhang, som i diskussioner kring bristande resurser och politiska åtgärder. Det framställs även i diskussioner kring att ämnet ska komma till tals för att göra det mindre stigmatiserat samt att det är vuxnas ansvar att förebygga psykisk ohälsa och fånga upp de barn och unga som mår dåligt. Psykisk ohälsa identifierades ofta med ensamkommande barn, unga tjejer, självmord och/eller olika diagnoser. Tidningarna använde ett empatiskt språk och förmedlade en bild av att barnen och de unga var sårbara, samtidigt som de använde ett alarmerande språk och hade ett kritiskt förhållningssätt mot samhället.

  • 171.
    Engelbrektsson, Annika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Williams, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Huvudsaken är att man agerar, att man inte bara låtsas som att det inte händer: En kvalitativ studie om hemtjänstpersonals upplevelser av våld i nära relationer bland äldre2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how home care staff experience, detect and handle intimate partner violence among elders as well as investigate the level of knowledge they perceive they and the workgroup possess concerning intimate partner violence. The study was conducted through qualitative interviews with four home care staff. The main results showed that home care staff have difficulties detecting all forms of violence, the most common signs of violence they discovered were bruises, injuries and mean words. The staff experienced limitations in their professional role in relation to intimate partner violence and difficulties in knowing the boundary for what is considered violence. Education in the field is missing and the conception about the level of knowledge differed between the staff. The authors argue that there is a need for more education and knowledge to increase the possibility to detect intimate partner violence among elders.

  • 172.
    Englund, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Att arbeta med våldsutsatta kvinnor: En kvalitativ studie om hur professionella hjälper våldsutsatta kvinnor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women's vulnerability to domestic violence is a widespread social problem that causes problematic consequences for society and to the individual. I wondered what significance the professionals' knowledge has to help abused women, how professionals and abused women describe abused womens needs, and how the professionals work with and consider important in meeting with and helping abused women. Six qualitative interviews with a social worker who were working as a therapist in the social services, as councilors and in women's shelter were performed. The results showed that the professionals regarded specific knowledge of domestic violence as a prerequisite for being able to help the woman adequately. Furthermore, it appeared that the woman's needs could be psychological need of support and processing, but also help with practical issues to sort out their situation. The social workers were mapping the violence and the situation of the abused women. The mapping could determine the woman's needs and potential contributions.

  • 173.
    Englund, Jennie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Dahlenlund, Stina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Som vilka föräldrar som helst": En kvalitativ fokusgruppsstudie om föräldrar som har en lindrig utvecklingsstörning och deras barn - utifrån socialsekreterares beskrivningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The perception of individuals with a mild intellectual disability as parents has changed over time. The devolpment has resulted in that the normalization principle is considered to be valid when these individuals become parents. This group of individuals has gone from being considered as incapable parents to being considered parents like anybody else. The purpose of this study was to examine the way social workers understand and work with this group of parents and their children if they suspect that the children is being maltreated. We conducted a qualitative study using a focusgroupinterview with five participants in whom all of them are social workers working with children and families that need support. The results show that social workers experience that parents with a mild intellectual disability have some problems in their parenting - like any other parent. They also experience that the children of these parents are exposed to several risk factors. An important conclusion of this essay is that it seems to be taboo to question parents with a mild intellectual disability's parenting skills. This makes it difficult for the social workers in their work with these families.

  • 174.
    Engman, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Magnusson, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Livsberättelser om att flytta till äldreboende: vändpunkter för ensamstående äldre kvinnor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to illustrate and gain an increased understanding of how singleelderly women experience their move to retirement homes and the resulting effects of theirquality of life. Three women have been interviewed in a qualitative study with in-depthinterviews as the basis for the hermeneutic interpretation. The analysis is made from thetheoretical perspectives of life span, activities and gender. The result showed that theexperience of moving was due to varying factors and individual experiences. When the movewas long awaited, it was perceived as positive, when the move was more or less inevitable, itwas more difficult to accept. The result also showed that quality of life was safety related toadequate staffing, a large range of attractive activities and the opportunity to be sociallyactive. That the move was a turning point was agreed upon by all.

  • 175.
    Engstrand, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Johansson, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Varför väljer medlemmar i en grupp att inte använda alkohol och droger?En kvalitativ intervjustudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aimed to gain insight and understanding why members of a clean and sober compound chosen to be clean and sober, why they joined the association and the importance it has. The questions used were (1) Why did members of an association choose not to use alcohol and drugs and which are the factors that may have contributed to this? and (2) Why did they join a clean and sober association and what is the importance of the association? To answer the questions six qualitative interviews were done. Results were analyzed with the help of comparison with previous research in the field and relevant theories. The results demonstrated that affiliation and the feeling of security and jacking from parents were related to the interviewees' interest in alcohol and drugs. The clean and sober compound had an important function of the interviewees by affirming one's identity as a teetotaler, and that there was a community that shares similar values ​​regarding alcohol and drugs.

  • 176.
    Ericson Holm, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology. University of Gävle.
    MacDonald, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology. University of Gävle.
    Individuell lönesättning för enhetschefer2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Abstract

     

    The purpose with this study is to study the individual setting of salary rates among branch heads. We have chosen to look deeper into which criteria that are the base for the branch heads’ individual setting of wage rates within geriatric care and the care of disabled people. One other aspect we have looked into is how the setting of salary rates appears from a gender perspective. The empirical material in our thesis consists of both qualitative and quantitative methods in the shape of a questionnaire study and three open interviews. Our theoretical benchmarks are made up of the gender and power order and economic sociological perspectives. This study has partially brought a somewhat for us surprising result concerning the setting of salary through a gender perspective. The individual setting of salary rates is based on several factors like education, years within the profession and work experience. Our questionnaire study showed that most of the branch heads´ asked think that individual settings of salary rates are positive. Nevertheless there are not as many of those that are satisfied with their salary trend. Our interviews showed that gender does matter at the time of employment, because the organization strives for employing more men in this female-intensive occupation. Men generally had a higher average salary than their female colleagues when we compared informants with similar suppositions.

     

                                                                         

    Katarina MacDonald

    Marie Ericson Holm

  • 177.
    Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Toma, Roaa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Den förändrade föräldrarollen: -en kvalitativ studie om biologiska föräldrars upplevelse av omhändertagandet av sina barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att få sina barn omhändertagna av socialtjänsten väcker många känslor hos biologiska föräldrar. Därför vill vi med denna studie undersöka biologiska föräldrars upplevelse av att få sina barn omhändertagna samt deras upplevelse av stöd från socialtjänsten. För att besvara syftet genomförde vi en kvalitativ studie i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra biologiska mammor. Med hjälp av en tematisk innehållsanalys tolkade vi vårt resultat utifrån system- och utvecklingsekologisk teori. Resultatet visade att föräldrarna hamnade i chocktillstånd i samband med omhändertagandet. De uppgav även att de i samband med omhändertagandet betraktades som misslyckade föräldrar både av sig själva och omgivningen. Föräldrarna upplevde ett bristfälligt stöd från socialtjänsten att hantera de krisreaktioner som uppstått. Vidare upplevde de brister i både bemötandet och samarbete med socialtjänsten.

  • 178.
    Eriksson, Bodil
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Trygged, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Zur Sozialarbeitsentwicklung im Nachkriegs-Bosnien und Herzegowina2010In: Sozial Extra, ISSN 0931-279, Vol. 34, no 1-2, p. 31-34Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Eriksson, Denise
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Lindh, Susanne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    När blir man egentligen svensk?: Ensamkommande flyktingbarns uppfattning av integrationsprocessen i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate unaccompanied refugee children's perception of the integration process in Sweden. The study is based on qualitative interviews with six young adults who came to Sweden as unaccompanied refugee child. The results have been analyzed through the theories empowerment, system theory and role theory. The main results show that the key to integration primarily is the ability to speak the Swedish language. The language was also the main obstacle for successful integration the study shows. Furthermore, the results show that the asylum process is perceived as difficult and residence permits are a prerequisite for integration. A warm reception and a strong support are of great importance when arriving in Sweden. Moreover, adaptation to norms, rules and Swedish culture became a natural part of the integration process. The social networking is important for significant well-being. Their expectations have been met and they have been successful in their integration process. They have established themselves in a favorable life situation in Swedish society and are optimistic about their future.

  • 180.
    Eriksson, Evelina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Vallinder, Jenny
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Möjligheter och svårigheter i att tillvarata barnperspektivet: Familjerättssekreterares upplevelser och erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through the years the child perspective is a word that has developed in its meaning and significance. The aim of this study was to investigate how family law investigators experience that the child perspective is being used in family law work. Four family law investigators in a middle-sized municipality in Sweden were interviewed in semi-structured interviews. The most significant results was that the child perspective, according to the family law investigators, has grown stronger but that there is’ still a need for development, for example listening to the voice of children and letting them participate more. The family law investigators experienced a challenge in the reinforcement of the child perspective in their work because of the parents’ power and a fear of making the child’s situation worse and that it also was time pressuring. They saw possibilities in the development of collaboration and in the legislation. The question if the social construction of children’s position in society needs to change in order for the child perspective to continue to be further strengthened and developed is discussed.

  • 181.
    Eriksson, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Berg, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Att hjälpa eller stjälpa?: en kvalitativ studie kring drabbades erfarenheter av katastrofbiståndet efter tsunamin 20042012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att få kunskap om hur en mindre grupp invånare i Banda Aceh, Indonesien, erfor det utländska biståndet som de mottog efter tsunamin år 2004 och på vilket sätt hjälpen har påverkat dem psykosocialt.  Målet var att fånga gruppens erfarenhet av situationen och hjälparbetet.  En fokusgruppintervju med fyra deltagare genomfördes. Intervjun analyserades med hjälp av teorier kring kristeori, intentionell makt samt paternalism. Studiens resultat visade att fokusgruppen uppfattade brister i det internationella hjälparbetet, exempelvis möjlighet till delaktighet och självbestämmande i hjälpen, hur informationen kommunicerades samt avsaknaden av hjälp på ett psykologiskt plan, vilket flera av intervjupersonerna lider av än idag. Studiens resultat överensstämmer med den tidigare forskning vi tagit del av.

  • 182.
    Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Sjöstrand Johansson, Jessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Skolkuratorn i den mångkulturella skolan: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers arbete med nyanlända elever2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to examine school counselors experiences of working with newly arrived students. To fulfill the purpose, five qualitative interviews with school counselors were conducted. The school counselor profession is covered by a large degree of discretion, but it was limited by various organizational limitations, mainly the lack of resources in schools. Which resulted in an excessive number of students per school counselor, which led to a lack of time in their work. The school counselors had a holistic perspective in their work with the students, by paying attention to both the psychological and social needs. The most prominent need of the students were the need to acquire the swedish language. To meet the needs of the children the school counselors worked on an individual, group and community level. This study also showed that it was important to collaborate with other professions and a special understanding in form of cultural competence was needed.

  • 183.
    Eriksson, Martina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Vängborg Nyberg, Lucas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Segregation föder segregation: En studie av hur boendesegregationen inverkar på ungdomars utbildningsmöjligheter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to examine the impact of residential segregation on young people´s educational opportunities. The study included 15 scientific articles and reports which were analyzed by using system theory and Bourdieu´s theory of capital forms. The results showed that the social environment is an imortant factor in explaining the academic performance of young people. The adults in the residential area are important as role models. Norms and behaviors in the immediate environment play a crucial role in the socialization of young people. A determining factor of young people´s academic performance and on their school choice is which forms of capital forms and resources they bring from their childhood. With less capital, it also follows that they can not acquire the resources that are necessary to choose a resourceful school instead of the school in the neighbourhood. The conclusion shows that young people´s school results are affected by the system they are part of and how strong capital resources they bring. Where and how you live, do have an impact on young people’s opportunities for further studies.

  • 184.
    Eriksson, Mary
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Johansson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Vilka faktorer kan påskynda eller förhindra integration?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    I denna uppsats har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod. Data har samlats in genom intervjuer som har behandlat aspekter inom området integration. I dessa intervjuer har vi använt en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Vi valde fyra personer (två män och två kvinnor) med invandrarbakgrund som vistats i Sverige under minst femton år. Syftet var att ta reda på vilka sociala processer som ligger bakom de faktorer som kan påskynda eller förhindra integration. Även en jämförelse har gjorts mellan männen och kvinnorna vilket visade på vissa skillnader. För kvinnorna hade integrationen huvudsakligen ägt rum på arbetsplatserna, medan den för männen ägde rum på deras fritid. En skillnad kunde även urskiljas i deras uppfattning om hur kulturskillnader försvårade eller underlättade umgänget med samhället. Männen upplevde kulturskillnaden svårare än vad kvinnorna gjorde.

    Den teoretiska utgångspunkten utgjordes av kunskapssociologisk och social-konstruktionistisk inriktning. Inom den socialkonstruktionistiska inriktningen fokuserade vi på symbolisk interaktionism. Resultatet visade på de sociala mekanismer som ligger bakom förutsättningen för en lyckad integration som till exempel deltagande i samhället, goda språkkunskaper och socialt involverande. Det framkom även att individen själv i samverkan med sociala processer i samhället bidrar till att integrationen ska bli lyckad. Anslutningen till teorin visade också på vad som kunde utgöra hinder gällande förutsättningen att integreras som till exempel negativt bemötande och fördomar. Resultatet visade på att respondenter i enlighet med de kriterier vi satt upp för en god integration hade lyckats integrerats på ett bra sätt. Det framkom även att integration är en ständig pågående process som alla människor i ett samhälle genomgår på grund av samhällsförändringar.

    Nyckel ord: integration, språk, deltagande, interagerande.

  • 185.
    Eriksson, Mårten
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Vidman, Åsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Josefsson, Barbro
    Vad i arbete är hälsofrämjande?2014In: Hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv: ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & Sam Larsson, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2014, p. 43-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hästen följer en: En kvalitativ studie om behandlares upplevelse av hästunderstödd psykosocial terapi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis analyses the use of horse-assisted therapy amongst mental health practitioners within multiple sectors. The aim was to establish whether a change could be detected in participants. Adopting a qualitative approach the research was mainly conducted through four semi-structured interviews with equine-assisted therapy practitioners.

    The results show that the practitioners believe the horses improve the interactions between the practitioners and participants. The practitioners believe this improvement is due to the non-verbal participation of the horse in interface with the practitioner and participant and that the horses increase the participants’ trust in others as well as their confidence when establishing relationships with others.

    The participants gained an opportunity to create meaning within their lives through everyday routines, structures and feel a sense of context. Some of the practitioners struggled to identify what causes the change but recognised a positive change in the majority of participants.

  • 187.
    Eriksson, Ylwa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Östlund, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Riksdagen och frågan om personlig integritet: en diskursanalys2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats var att ta reda på hur allians respektive opposition konstruerar och framställer resonemang om den personliga integriteten. I dessa resonemang gick det även att urskilja några övergripande perspektiv utifrån riksdagens protokoll. Protokollen som valdes ut begränsades till tidsperioden 1 januari, 2007- 31 januari, 2008. En diskursanalys har använts som metod för undersökningen där några av Jonathan Potters begrepp tillämpades för att se hur alliansen och oppositionen framförde sina argumentationer. Resultatet visade med hjälp av analysverktyget en likhet i sättet att argumentera om personlig integritet trots det faktum att de innehar olika ståndpunkter. De använde sig således av samma sorts tekniker. Vissa begrepp tenderade emellertid alliansen att använda mer än oppositionen och vice versa. De olika perspektiv som kunde urskiljas var yttre hot, trygghet för medborgarna och synen på människan. I resonemangen kunde även vaga, vida och rena omdefinitioner av ord och begrepp identifieras där avsikten var att mildra allvaret i dess betydelse för att vinna gillande för sina yrkanden.

  • 188.
    Erixon, Sanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Olsson, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Sociala mediers kraft: gymnasietjejers reflektioner kring Facebook och Instagrams betydelse för deras självkänsla och psykiska välbefinnande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has increased significantly in recent years and become a part of many people's lives. As social media progresses, questions about its impact on people's well being are highlighted. The aim of this study was to examine how young girls reflect on social media's impact on their self-esteem and well-being. Two focus group interviews were conducted. A qualitative content analysis was created from the collected material, where we with the help of social constructivism and symbolic interactionism analyzed the collected empirical data. The results showed that the interviewees regarded social media as having an impact on high school girls' self-esteem and well-being. This was shown in particular by the importance of "likes". In the discussion section we discuss the results that are connected to the previous research.

  • 189.
    Erlandsson, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Wallbäcks, Veronica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    De osynliga barnen: En kvalitativ studie om hur ett barnperspektiv tillämpas i vuxenpsykiatrisk verksamhet.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur och i vilken omfattning som ett barnperspektiv tillämpas i vuxenpsykiatrisk verksamhet. Frågeställningarna var:

     

    • Hur      uppmärksammas barn till vuxna med psykisk sjukdom inom vuxenpsykiatrin?
    • Hur      uppfattar professionella sina möjligheter och begränsningar att uppmärksamma      barn till psykiskt sjuka föräldrar?

     

    Kvalitativa intervjuer genomfördes och Bronfenbrenners utvecklingsekologiska teori användes för att beskriva hur barnperspektivet kan uppmärksammas på olika nivåer.

    Vi fann att barnperspektivet beaktades i form av samtal med patient om föräldraskapet och barnets situation samt enskilt med barnet. Detta är dock väldigt personberoende och inte styrt av rutiner på enheterna och skiljer sig mellan enheterna där psykosenheten träffar barn i större utsträckning. Enheterna erbjuder patientens barn gruppverksamhet hos socialtjänsten och här sker samverkan medan övrig samverkan är nästan obefintlig. De professionella känner till gällande lagar och riktlinjer men begränsningar är bristande rutiner och motstånd från patienter.

  • 190.
    Eskilsson, Anders
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ring, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Förebyggande strategier: Socialsekreterares och arbetsledares perspektiv på hur hot och våld hanteras inom socialtjänsten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how our selected municipalityaddressed theirpreventive work regarding threat and violence among social workers, what strategies social workers have to overcome intimidating situations, and also what level of education social workers have. Previous research shows that education for social workers inthis topicoften is neglected. The study was conducted by one focus group interview with social workersall working inchild and familywelfarein our selected municipality. The main result of the study is that social workers experience that the municipalitysinternal agenda against threat and violence works well and gives support in their work. Despite this,the social workers expressed a desire to get morerelevant education about threats and violence to be able toavoid risk-taking behavior and be able to perform a more secure job. According to the social workers some of the strategies that affected the safety in their profession was the possibilityto have a direct and clear communication with the client to try and make the meeting between client and social workers more relaxed.

  • 191.
    Eskilsson, Ida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ström, Nathalie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Upplevelser av att växa upp med en förälder med alkoholmissbruk: ”Jag kände mig bortvald, inte behövd, inte älskad. Det är sånt som fortfarande sitter kvar än idag” : En kvalitativ studie om unga vuxna barn till alkoholister2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to create an increased knowledge and understanding of young adults’ experiences from growing up as a child in a family with alcohol abuse, as well as studying long-term consequences of this. In the study five qualitative interviews were conducted, with young adults who grew up with a parent who abused alcohol. The results of the study were analyzed by Bronfenbrenner's developmental ecological model, as well as by the theoretical concepts risk, protective factors and resilience. Results and conclusions showed, that all informants experienced negative consequences during childhood and in adult life, due to the parent’s abuse. The families of the informants were characterized by an abnormal use of alcohol during their childhood, which led to a high level of conflict, lack of relationships, a major responsibility at home for the informants, negative health effects and school difficulties. The young adults stated, that they are living a good life today, but that childhood has made its mark in their minds. The informants narrated experienced health problems, difficulties with feeling trust and expressing how they feel as well as a lack of relation to the parent with addiction.

  • 192.
    Eskman, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Jonsson, Moa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Det blev skillnad på människor": En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares förhållningssätt till samhälleliga föreställningar om kön, klass, etnicitet och sexualitet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to provide a deeper understanding of how social workers relate to societal notions of gender, class, ethnicity and sexuality in meetings with clients. As the basis of the study, qualitative interviews were conducted with four social workers. The results were analyzed by means of an intersectional perspective. The respondents described that societal power structures were present in social work and affected the clients. Male clients with Western origins were experienced in most situations less vulnerable, depending on other present power relations. Clients with non-European origin were perceived as more vulnerable, while LGBTQI-identified clients largely were invisible. All the social workers emphasized the importance of questioning their own beliefs and prejudices at work, in order to provide good treatment towards the clients. Social workers felt that the power structures of gender, class, ethnicity and sexuality may affect their treatment towards the clients, in one way or another.

  • 193.
    Eslami, Bahareh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. Division of Public Health Science, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    Laboratory of Geriatric Pharmacoepidemiology, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Barros, Henrique
    EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Torres-Gonzalez, Francisco
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Stankunas, Mindaugas
    Department of Health Management, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania; Health Service Management Department, School of Medicine, University of Griffith, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
    Ioannidi-Kapolou, Elisabeth
    Department of Sociology, National School of Public Health, Athens, Greece.
    Lindert, Jutta
    Department of Public Health, University of Emden, Emden, Germany; Women’s Studies Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, United States of America.
    Soares, Joaquim J. F.
    Division of Public Health Science, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Lifetime abuse and somatic symptoms among older women and men in Europe2019In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 8, article id e0220741Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research suggests that survivors of interpersonal violence have an increasing experience of bodily symptoms. This study aims to scrutinise the association between lifetime abuse and somatic symptoms among older women and men, considering demographics/socio-economic, social support and health variables. Methods: A sample of 4,467 community-dwelling persons aged 60–84 years (57.3% women) living in seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, Sweden) was recruited for this cross-sectional study. Lifetime abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial and injury) was assessed on the basis of the UK study of elder abuse and the Conflict Tactics Scale-2, while somatic symptoms were assessed by the Giessen Complaint List short version. Results: Women reported somatic symptoms more frequently than men. Multiple regression analyses revealed that lifetime exposure to psychological abuse was associated with higher levels of somatic symptoms among both women and men, while experiencing lifetime sexual abuse was associated with somatic symptoms only among older women, after adjusting for other demographic and socio-economic variables. Country of residence, older age, and low socio-economic status were other independent factors contributing to a higher level of somatic symptoms. Conclusions: The positive association between the experience of abuse during lifetime and the reporting of higher levels of somatic symptoms, in particular among older women, seems to suggest that such complaints in later life might also be related to the experience of mistreatment and not only to ageing and related diseases. Violence prevention throughout lifetime could help to prevent somatic symptoms in later life. 

  • 194.
    Espinoza-Eklund, Nina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Palmgren, Vanja
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Signs of Safety och barns delaktighet i utredningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to get an insight in if the method Signs-of- Safety might improve childrens’ participation in investigations concerning themselves. Our research questions were; How do social workers who use or do not use Signs-of- Safety reflect on children's involvement in investigations? and; Is there accordingly to the social workers a variation in the degree of participation among children in investigations where Signs-of-Safety is used compared to investigations where the method is not used? Two focus group interviews in two different municipalities, one where Signs-of-Safety had been used and one where the method not had been used, were performed. The interviews and four written investigations i each work group were analysed by using Hart´s participation ladder and social constructivism. The result showed that all our informants regarded childrens’ participation as important. No differences in the degree of participation of the children could be identified.

  • 195.
    Eurenius, Carola
    et al.
    University of Gävle. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Toledo, Yumara
    University of Gävle. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    " Till slut kraschar man...": Vuxna manliga barns upplevelser av att växa upp med en förälder som har en psykisk funktionsnedsättning2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva hur vuxna manliga barn har upplevt och hanterat situationer av att växa upp med en förälder som har psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. Våra frågeställningar utgörs av: Hur upplevde och hanterade vuxna manliga barn till föräldrar med psykisk funktionsnedsättning sin uppväxt? samt Hur har upplevelsen och hanterandet av uppväxten påverkat vuxna manliga barn till föräldrar med psykisk funktionsnedsättning som vuxna? För att kunna svara på frågeställningarna har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod och intervjuat fem vuxna manliga barn som haft en sådan uppväxt. Intervjuerna har sedan analyserats genom ett fenomenologiskt förhållningssätt och därmed har vi återberättat informanternas utsagor istället för att tolka dessa. Denna analys har utgått från det empiriska materialet som sedan har kopplats till de valda tidigare forskningarna och teoretiska utgångspunkter. De teoretiska utgångspunkter vi har använt oss av för att ge en tydligare beskrivning av informanternas upplevelser, utgörs av resilience och coping.

     

    Av studiens resultat kan det utläsas att alla fem informanter upplevde sin uppväxt fylld av skamkänslor, ansvar, okunskap om vad som var rätt eller fel, normalt eller inte normalt samt saknad av någon som kunde stödja och hjälpa dem i deras situation. Dessutom framkom det att informanternas vuxna liv var präglat av deras upplevelser under uppväxten. Informanternas hanteringsstrategier varierade både i uppväxten och under vuxenlivet, då det visade sig att informanterna pendlade mellan ansvarstagandet, undvikandestrategier, kriminalitet och missbruk.

  • 196.
    Eze, Vincent
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kiarie, Benard
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Perceptions and Experiences of Social Integration among Adult Immigrants2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A sense of social belonging is an important factor for integration. The different experiences that immigrants face towards social integration were of major interest to the authors. The authors conducted a qualitative study based on the experiences that immigrants went through as well as their perceptions of social integration. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with four immigrants, ranging between 31- 42 years of age. The themes found during the analytic process were: Swedish language, social networks and information, identifying yourself and culture. The most important findings were that social workers and other persons in authorities were important for establishing contacts with native-born, as they introduced them to activities that led to interaction with native Swedish. Social activities, in particular, seemed to play an important role in establishing contact with native-born and creating a social network. 

  • 197.
    Faulkner, Lina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Rosenius, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Brott, kön och socioekonomi i Uppsala: en analys av statistik om ungdomar misstänkta för brott i Uppsala kommun2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to analyze delinquency in Uppsala regarding types of crime, neighborhoods and gender, as well as to study whether there was any correlation between delinquency and socioeconomics. By using data on suspected youths in the age of 13-20 in Uppsala, we did a univariate and bivariate statistical analysis. To study the relationship between the neighborhood structure and frequency of suspected youths we first used a correlation matrix and then proceeded with a multiple linear regression analysis. The results indicated that there are similarities and differences regarding delinquency of boys and girls. The most distinct difference was the frequency of suspected youths. Regarding the regression analysis, the socioeconomics explains a relatively large part of the variance of frequencies of suspected youths.

  • 198.
    Fernström, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Familjehemsplacerade barn: En litteraturstudie om anknytningens betydelse2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this literature study was to compile and analyze excising research about attachment patterns between placed children and their biological parents and its impact on the child ́s mental health. The empirical data was based on previously published research that was analyzed using attachment theory and developmental psychopathology. The study’s main result showed that many foster children lack or have poor contact with their biological parents. However, many children manage well as adolescents and adults, which can be explained with the help ofprotective factors. The main conclusions showed that placed children have an increased risk of negative health development due to the separations and often traumatic events they have undergone in their upbringing. An important conclusion is that a stable and safe school environment, secure attachments to the biological parents, foster parents or another important adult, can be a protective effect and reduce the risk of mental health.

  • 199.
    Figaro, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ryttinger, Chris
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Unga vuxnas erfarenheter av sina föräldrars uppdrag som familjehem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to help create a greater knowledge and understanding for now young adult biological children's experiences of having had parents being foster care parents and the meaning of it. The purpose was also to examine if these children had need of and what kind of aid they got. This study was based of five qualitative interviews with now young adults that’s been growing up with parents that were foster parents. The result in the study was analysed with Schultz Jørgensens familyplanetheory. Results and interpretations showed that biological children experience a participation in the foster care process and describes the relation to the foster children as that of a sibling and friend. Biological children describe that they have an easier time creating relations to younger foster siblings than to teenagers and children in the same age. The results showed that the informants experience more positive feelings than negative feelings with having foster siblings. The biological children also describe that they felt a loss of opportunities of aid from the social services.

  • 200.
    Fjällström, Mikael
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Steinholtz, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Om motiv för att välja socionomprogrammet: en intervjustudie med sju män som valt att utbilda sig till socionomer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftade till att undersöka varför de män som deltagit i våra intervjuer valt att utbilda sig till socionomer, vilka motiv som påverkat valet av utbildning och om de var medvetna om de eventuella fördelar socionomyrken kan innehålla. Kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer har använts som metod. Resultaten visar att män sökte utbildningen på grund av egna erfarenheter som gjort dem intresserade av socialt arbete. Informanterna såg socionomyrket som könsneutralt. De ansåg det önskvärt med en mer representativ bild av samhället där båda könen var representerade. Informanterna ansåg sig ha bra förutsättningar på en framtida arbetsmarknad. Centrala teman från tidigare forskning om varför män valt att utbilda sig inom socialt arbete överensstämmer väl med resultaten av denna studie men de överlappade och gick in i varandra. Samtidigt upplevde de att det fanns en existerande särartsdiskurs inom socionomutbildningen som kan vara både till fördel och nackdel för män. Den uttryckta dubbelhet som fanns i studien sett till männens syn på könsfördelningen blev central i analysen och förklarades dels med särartsdiskurs och ett starkt bevarande av maskulinitet medan den andra sidan av dubbelheten förklaras med, jämställdhetsdiskurs och en mer flexibel maskulinitet.

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