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  • 151.
    Wärvik, Gun-Britt
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Runesdotter, Caroline
    Gothenburg University.
    Pettersson, Daniel
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Utbildningsvetenskap, Pedagogik.
    PISA, Communicative Acts and the Media: The Discourse of "Failure" and "Success"2018Ingår i: NERA 2018 - 46th Congress: Educational Research: Boundaries, Breaches and Bridges: Abstracts, 2018, s. 107-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in large-scale comparative studies of students’ assessment has increased considerably during the last decades and the results have been widely spread in media. Among the different international surveys of students’ assessment -PISA is standing out in publicity, meaning that the results have received an extraordinary significance as an assessment of the education system and education policy. The OECD seem to be well-aware of the importance of dissemination and one activity taking place in relation to the presentation of results are press-releases and “newsletters” presenting theresults for media, as well as for policymakers and others in a focused and simplified way. In the paper, we pay special attention to these activities which we consider to be communicative acts (cf. Luhmann, 1996). A point of departure for the paper is that media, through the communicative acts by OECDs strategy for dissemination, creates certain conditions for how educational results are classified, regulated and communicated in society (Luhmann, 1996), and has thus become a powerful actor in the making ofa comparativistic paradigm (Lindblad, Pettersson & Popkewitz, 2015) in education. We consider media as a conglomerate of actors participating in the intersection of science, educational policy, and society, the Agora (Nowotny et al., 2003) where the results are communicated and measures proposed. The aim is to analyze how valid statements are produced on the basis of PISA-results: Which kind of actors are present, what kind of comparisons are made and which conclusions are drawn, what is selected by the OECD and the media to be in focus for the reporting. The analysis has a particular focus on the making of diversity and context in terms of “failure” and “success”.

  • 152.
    Åkerblom, Erika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Utbildningsvetenskap, Pedagogik.
    Discourses of lifelong learning: health as a governing technique in the shaping of the Swedish population2019Ingår i: International Journal of Lifelong Education, ISSN 0260-1370, E-ISSN 1464-519X, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 287-300Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focus on how the Swedish population is shaped into desirable citizens as resources for the nation’s prosperity. The aim is to analyse how health operates as a governing technique in discourses of lifelong learning. Within such current discourses the population is today described as generally well-educated and healthy, but not educated or healthy enough. When constructed as being in need of enhancement, measures of learning are suggested for regulating certain groups of the population into becoming what is regarded as desirable. Making use of Foucault’s notions of governmentality and genealogy, white and green papers from the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs from 1930s and today (2017) are analysed. The analysis shows that although the population is described as having different problems originating from ignorance, the solutions that are suggested in the different time periods are basically the same. The relation between learning and health is described in different ways in the 1930s and the present. In the 1930s learning is explained merely as a means to achieve a healthy population while in the present health is described both as a prerequisite and as an effect of learning. Further, there is also a difference in how the governing is conducted. 

  • 153.
    Åkerblom, Erika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Utbildningsvetenskap, Pedagogik.
    Governing of the nation: Generation Pep as a biopolitical strategy2019Ingår i: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, s. 1-12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how the well-being of the Swedish population has become a joint responsibility in the mission to shape desirable and proper citizens. This is done by studying an organisation called Generation Pep (GEN-PEP), which was established as a measure to foster a well-functioning population both now and in the future. The article draws on a post-structural and discursive theorisation inspired by the work of Michel Foucault and his concept of governmentality, with the specific aims of studying how GEN-PEP functions as a biopolitical strategy aimed at fostering a desirable population and identifying governing techniques mobilised within and through the project. The population is described as having failed to function well and that this should be remedied by creating measures that are indirectly aimed at children as future useful citizens. The measures are legitimised by highlighting the population’s ill-health. As a result of ‘experts’ and national role models telling these truths, the governing reflects the idea that a power similar to sovereign power needs to be re-established, where e.g. philanthropists contribute to and enable the project’s strategies and measures. The measures taken are described as a mutual responsibility, with parents being made especially responsible for correcting faults in accordance with the suggested solutions. GEN-PEP functions as a biopolitical strategy in which corporations, philanthropists and celebrities are encouraged to work together to improve the well-being of the nation.

  • 154.
    Åkerblom, Erika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Utbildningsvetenskap, Pedagogik.
    The will to include - education for becoming a desirable citizen2019Ingår i: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary understandings about the importance of a ‘desirable population’ have become intimately related to the pursuit of education and lifelong learning. In order to enable this, higher education operates as a technology for shaping desirable citizens. This paper focuses on a project in Sweden that aimed to include students with intellectual disabilities in higher education. Drawing on Foucault’s notion on governmentality and subjectivity, the analytical focus is on which kinds of subjects are created in and emerge from the project’s policy documents. The prospective students emerge as different and in need of special measures and are assigned particular knowledge that creates expectations and opportunities for them to regulate and foster themselves as desirable subjects in spaces where governing techniques such as surveillance and confession operate. Rather than including these students, the measures instead lead to further exclusion by creating, manifesting and reproducing the otherness it was supposed to counteract.

  • 155.
    Åkerblom, Erika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Utbildningsvetenskap, Pedagogik. Pedagogik.
    Fejes, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet.
    Constructing the healthy citizen2016Ingår i: NERA 2016 Social Justice, Equality and Solidarity in Education: Book of abstracts, 2016, s. 234-234Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lifelong learning is promoted as a means to solve a range of problems in contemporary society, with the aim of Sweden being the most knowledge intense society in the globalised world. In order to realise such society, citizens need to be active, employed and competitive on the labour market. (bill. 2001/02:1). A central topic emerging the last decade, construed as central in order for Sweden to be in the forefront in the world, is health. Citizens need to become and stay healthy. This paper directs interest at how such discourse on learning and health emerge and is shaped in current policy making on education and public health. What healthy citizen is being shaped, with what capabilities and how is such a citizens being shaped and fostered?

    The paper draws on a poststructural discourse analysis, inspired by the work of Michel Foucault (1991, 2003, 2006) and his concepts governmentality and technologies of the self. In such perspective, power and governing are practices that shapes, leads and influence the way people behave and act. A governmentality perspective makes visible in what ways, and with what techniques, such shaping plays out, constructing a self-regulating citizen.

    Analysing green and white papers on learning and public health, we illustrate what healthy subject is being shaped and fostered, and through what techniques. By doing so, we contribute to existing governmentality analyses, which only, to a limited extent, has focused on the intersection of learning and health.

  • 156.
    Åström Ekner, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Utbildningsvetenskap, Pedagogik.
    Inkludering till varje pris: En intervjustudie om ekonomi eller barnens bästa2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studies huvudsakliga syfte är att belysa hur kollektivet (i detta fall barngruppen och arbetslaget i en förskola) kan fungera som resurs för att främja lärande och utveckling hos barn i behov av särskilt stöd. Aktuell frågeställning bygger på hur ett inkluderande arbetssätt i praktiken kan se ut för barn i behov av särskilt stöd och ställs mot bakgrunden av sparkrav och nedskärningar som slår mot förskolan på många olika håll i landet och det inflytande det har på förskolans resurser. Som metod för datainsamling har fokusgruppsintervjuer genomförts med förskollärare och den teoretiska anknytningen finns i den sociokulturella teorin. Resultatet visar på tydliga brister i förskollärares möjligheter att jobba utifrån en inkluderande praktik där ambition och prestation sällan går ihop i förskolans vardag med allt för stora barngrupper och för lite personal. Samtidigt erbjuder barngruppen i sig en viktig resurs genom att barnen kan komplettera varandra och hjälpas åt. Slutsatser som dragits är bland annat att de begränsade ekonomiska förutsättningarna i stor utsträckning hindrar förskollärarna i den offentliga förskolan från att införskaffa de verktyg och hjälpmedel som är nödvändiga för att främja lärande och utveckling hos barn med särskilda behov på bästa sätt och väcker därför frågan om inkludering i den stora gruppen i  den offentliga förskolan verkligen passar för alla barn. 

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