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  • 19051.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Att åldras på 2000-talet: Om åldrandet, kroppen och självbilden2005In: Äldres livsvillkor och behov: Socialtjänstforum - ett möte mellan forskning och socialtjänst : en konferens i Göteborg 5-6 april 2005, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap (FAS) , 2005, p. 7-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19052.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bakom hotbilder och solskenshistorier: Våra attityder till åldrandet – i siffror2003In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 18-19Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19053.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Changing perspectives on, and Demographics of, Ageing2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19054.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Demographical changes and the silver economy: New lifestyles and social structures of older people2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19055.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet .
    Den muntliga intervjun i biografisk äldreforsk­ning1993In: Livslöp blant gamle i Norden / [ed] Kari Waerness, Jan-Erik Ruth & Lars Tornstam, Oslo: Norsk geronto­logisk institutt , 1993, p. 33-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19056.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Den åldrande kroppen: Samhälleliga bilder och äldres egna erfarenheter2005In: Kropp, livslopp och åldrande: några samhällsvetenskapliga persepektiv / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman och Lars-Christer Hydén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, 1, p. 53-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19057.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Der abwesende Körper: ein sozialgerontologisches Paradoxen2009In: Die Jungen Alten: Analysen einer neuen Sozialfigur / [ed] Silke van Dyk & Stephan Lessenich, Frankfurt/New York: Campus , 2009, 1, p. 138-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19058.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    Images versus experiences of the ageing body2003In: Aging Bodies: Meanings and Perspectives / [ed] C. Faircloth, Walnut Creek, California: Alta Mira Press , 2003, 1, p. 103-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19059.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Livet som berättelse: Om biografi och åldrande1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation’s objective is twofold: (1) to show how the life lived is reflected in old age (the articles), and (2) to analyze how life-stories are presented and interpreted from the social constructivist perspective (the comprehensive summary).

         Article I is a critical discussion of two biographical methods of data collection: the “freely-told” life-story and the semistructured biographical interview. Article II addresses the thesis’ first aim. This article presents the data gathered through the qualitative biographical interviews conducted with elderly Finns, which resulted in a typology of six ways of life: The bitter life and Life as a trapping pit, which end up in a problematic old age; Life as a hurdle race, The devoted silenced life, Life as a job career and  The sweet life, which describe different strategies for successful ageing. Article III is a study of Life as a hurdle race, where successful ageing is reached, despite previous difficulties in life. Article IV explains the paradox of the absent body in social gerontology, in light of the dualism of the Platonic-Christian tradition between body and soul.

         The comprehensive summary consists of critical methodological reflections on the conducted research. This summary acknowledges how the conclusions, reached at through analytic induction, where influenced by gerontology’s two myths (misery vs. success). The summary also treats the Renaissance of biographical social research, and the conducted research in relation to the theoretical debate on “the realist perspective” vs. “the story-focused, constructivist perspective.” From the latter perspective it is shown how emplotment shapes the life-story. Finally the summary addresses the generalizability and credibility of my results; results which by virtue of the life history perspective open up for a new qualitative understanding of ageing.

  • 19060.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Livshistorieintervju2011In: Handbok i kvalitativa metoder / [ed] Göran Ahrne & Peter Svensson, Malmö: Liber, 2011, 1, p. 58-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19061.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Livslopp i förändring2002In: Socialgerontologi / [ed] Andersson, L., Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2002, 1, p. 44-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19062.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Livsloppsperspektivet2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19063.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Nya äldrebilder, nya livsstilar på 2000-talet2006In: Ikääntyvien elämäntyylit [Livsstilar bland äldre], Helsingfors: Ikäinstituutti - Age Institute , 2006, 1, p. 21-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19064.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Om gerontologisk överoptimism och åldrandebil­der1993In: Aldring & Eldre, ISSN 0801-9991, no 4, p. 26-29Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19065.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Självbilden, åldrandet och kroppen1994In: Experiencing ageing – Kokemuksellinen vanheneminen – Att uppleva åldrandet / [ed] Peter Öberg, Pertti Pohjolainen & Isto Ruoppila, Helsingfors: Svenska social- och kommunalhögskolan vid Helsingfors universitet, Forskningsinstitutet (FISS) , 1994, 1, p. 148-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19066.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Skyddandets förnuft – En studie om anhöriga till hjälpbehövande äldre som invandrat sent i livet: Recension av Emilia Forssells doktorsavhandling2004In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 3-4, no 11, p. 333-337Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19067.
    Öberg, Peter
    Finlands Akademi, Helsingfors.
    Suullinen haastattelu ikääntyneiden elämäkerta­tutkimuksessa1991In: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784 0039, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 298-309Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19068.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    The absent body: a social gerontolo­gical paradox1996In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 701-719Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19069.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    The demographic picture, trends and future development2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19070.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Äldres sexualitet - en del av det goda åldrandet2004In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19071.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ålderism hos de äldre2001In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 15, no 3Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19072.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Åldrandet i ett föränderligt samhälle: en utmaning för sociologisk forskning2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 19-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19073.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Åldrandet i livshistorieperspektiv1998In: Social Forskning, no 3, p. 13-15Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19074.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Åldrandet ur ett livsloppsperspektiv2007In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 4, p. 12-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19075.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgard, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Diversity of intimacy forms and their importance for well-being in later life2014In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 54, no Suppl. 2, p. 195-195Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on different forms of intimacy in later life in late modern Sweden and their consequences for well-being. The results are based both on qualitative interviews with 28 Swedes (63–91 years), living in new relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT) or currently dating; and on a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225; response rate 42%). The results show: A great diversity in relationship careers over the life course; a preference for LAT (70%) and cohabitation (26%) in new unions established 60+; strong support from adult children for parents’ new LAT (86%) and cohabitation (76%) relationships, but less support for marriage (50%); that new relationships are as important for life-satisfaction as long-lasting ones; after subjective health, a partner is the second most important explanation for life-satisfaction, more important than having children; LAT was the union form that added most to life-satisfaction for men while marriage was the only form that significantly added to the life-satisfaction of women. Results were the same for newly established relationships and older relationships. Results will be discussed in relation to the shift from marriage to divorce culture (Hackstaff), the transformation of intimacy (Giddens), potentials of the third age (Laslett), and gender socialization, but also in terms of how the results can be interpreted in a context of Swedish welfare-state supported individualism where a partner provides both autonomy in relation to adult children and social integration.

  • 19076.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Changing Union Forms Among Older People in Late Modern Sweden2015In: Aging Families/Changing Families, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on union form in cross-gender relationships in later life, against the background of the transformation of intimacy in late modernity. Results are based on a survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225; response rate 42%) and European census data. Sweden seems to be the only country where there are more divorced than widowed people in this age group. Almost 1/3 of Swedes, aged 60-90, categorized as “singles” by official Swedish census data on civil status, are in fact living as LATs or cohabitants. In new romantic relationships initiated 60+ the dominant union form is LAT (70%) followed by cohabitation (26%), while marriage is rare (4%). Less than 2 in 10 singles think that is important to be married – and among marrieds less than 8 in 10. Relationship history data shows that although half of the respondents have been married only once, one third (33%) have had 2+ cohabiting unions (marital/non-marital), half (46%) 2+ established relationships, and a majority (66%) 3+ sexual partners. The results indicate that the transformation of intimacy includes older Swedes. Discussion: Should we see older people as a vanguard in the exploration of late modern intimacy, rather than carriers of cultural lag?

  • 19077.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University.
    Diversity and Ageing – the meaning of new intimate relationships in later life2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19078.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Diversity and ageing – the meaning of new intimate relationships in later life2012In: : Book of Abstracts, 2012, p. 423-423Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social gerontology and family sociology about intimacy in old age has almost exclusively focused on institutionalized life-long marriages and little research has focused on re-partnering and the forms and meaning of this diversity of new intimate relationships in later life. Framed by Giddens’ transformation of intimacy and Laslett’s theory of the third age, as well as changing social and demographical conditions, this paper will focus on how different forms of new intimate relationships are formative for the experi-ence of ageing.The strategical sampel was diversified according to differ-ent forms of new intimate relationships: dating singles, married, cohabiting and living apart together. Qualitative interviews was used with 28 Swedes, 63–91 years, who have established a new intimate heterosexual relation-ship after 60 or who are dating singles. The results showed the significance of new intimate relations for social integration and for the experience of old age as the “crown of life”. The meaning of new intimate relations in differ-ent intimacy forms are discussed in relation to everyday life in old age, the relational history and relational careers and future perspectives of informal support structures by the relation.

  • 19079.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Initiation and development of new intimate relationships in later life2016In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, no Suppl. 3, p. 17-18, article id Suppl. 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to contemporary family theory late modern relationships are guided less be external norms and more by internal negotiation between relatively equal partners. The purpose of this paper is to study initiation and development of new intimate relationships in later life, with a focus on negotiation and change, based on relationship histories with older Swedes (n=28), who are currently in new late in life cross-gender relationships initiated 60+, or currently dating singles. The results show a paradox: relationship ideals often seem unchangeable in prospect, but actual relationship arrangements appear open and changeable, when described in retrospect. LATs recall having been determined not to initiate any new relationships, cohabitants to retain their own home, remarried informants never to marry again. The analysis focuses the negotiations leading to relationship change. We discuss and question prevailing implicit assumptions about older people’s relationships as non-negotiated and unchangeable.

  • 19080.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    New Forms of Intimacy in Later Life in a Culture of Divorce2014In: 8th International Conference on Cultural Gerontology: Programme and Abstracts, 2014, p. 92-92Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on intimacy in later life have mostly focused on institutionalized life-­‐long marriages, and the transition out of such marriages into widowhood. Based on theories about the shift from marriage to divorce culture (Hackstaff), the transformation of intimacy (Giddens) and potentials of the third age (Laslett), this paper focuses on forms of intimacy in later life in late modern Sweden. The results arebased partly on qualitative interviews, including relationship biographies, with 28 Swedes (63–91 years) living in new heterosexual relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT) and dating singles. And partly on a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225). The results show: A great diversity in relationship careers; a preference of LAT and cohabitation (non-­‐visible in official statistics); the importance of intimate relationships for well-­‐being and that new relationships are as important for life-­‐satisfaction as long-­‐lasting ones; that intimate relationships are more important than children for well-­‐being. A central analytical finding was the importance of time as an organizing frame for new intimate relationships in later life: the paradox of having a lot of free time in the third age, but a restricted life time left. Results will be discussed in relation to the theorizing frames mentioned above, especially new practices for intimacy in a culture of divorce. Cohort replacement is only one explanation for changing practices and the period effect seems to be as important.

  • 19081.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Partner-age in late life unions - ideals vs realities2016In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 732-732, article id Suppl. 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Age homo/heterogamy in romantic unions is given little attention in current gerontological research. Still partner age-differences are important for men’s and women’s relationship opportunities. This paper studies actual partner-age (age-difference) in cross-gendered unions, and ideal partner-age both for singles and respondents in unions. The study was carried out by a survey to 60–90 year old Swedes, currently either singles or in a cross-gender relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) (n=1225). Unions follow a traditionally gendered age structure: 56% of men, but only 16% of women have a younger partner. This pattern is more pronounced: in first unions (p<.001) and unions initiated before 1970 (p<.01). For respondents in unions actual partner-age showed no significant correlation with union form or urbanity (modernity-hypothesis), and not with education or income (power-hypothesis). For respondents in unions Ideal Partner-Age correlates strongly (p<.001; R2=0,76) with actual partner-age (ideal slightly younger). Among single respondents, almost all (92%) single men and half of the single women (47%) prefer a younger partner (8,9 years younger on average for men; 2,2 for women). The proportion preferring a younger partner increases by age, leading to increasingly incompatible age ideals. Results will be discussed in relation to life-course theory; gender and power; the deinstitutionalization hypothesis.

  • 19082.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sexual activity and norms among older Swedes: a life course perspective2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that in late modernity sex has escaped its reproductive cage and people form pure relationships, based on mutual satisfaction. Ironically, although older people are per definition non-reproductive, they have often been neglected in studies on sexuality. In this paper we present results from 1) a qualitative interview study with a strategic sample of 28 63–91 year old Swedes currently dating or in a heterosexual relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) initiated 60+ and 2) a quantitative survey including answers from 1225 60–90 year old Swedes. The interviews revealed a clear normative change, from a cultural context that condemned extra-marital sex in young adulthood to a context which encourages sexual relationships but not marriage in later life. All had experienced the sexual liberation of the 1960s, and today, these liberal attitudes seem to encompass later life. Today, an active sex-life was regarded as important for a good relationship and sexual attraction was seen as a precondition for new relationships. Many informants had interpreted sexual decline in former relationships as “natural” and age-related, but re-discovered sexuality with their new partner. In the survey, a majority (93 %) had had their sexual debut before marriage (despite the restrictive norms). Half or the respondents have had ≥ 4 more sexual partners, and one in five ≥ 10. Sexual activity correlated negatively with relationship length. It has often been argued in gerontology that sexual values and practices will become more liberal in the future by cohort replacement. Our data indicates that “the future might already be here”.

  • 19083.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    The impact of new intimate relationships in later life on life satisfaction2013In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 53, no Suppl. 1, p. 61-61Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19084.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    The impact of new intimate relationships in later life on social and filial relationships.2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19085.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    The importance of intimate relationships for well-being in later life2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on intimacy in later life have mostly focused on institutionalized life-long marriages, and the transition out of such marriages into widowhood. Based on theories about the shift from marriage to divorce culture (Hackstaff), the transformation of intimacy (Giddens) and potentials of the third age (Laslett), this paper focuses on forms of intimacy in later life in late modern Sweden. The results are based partly on qualitative interviews, including relationship biographies, with 28 Swedes (63–91 years) living in new relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT) and dating singles. And partly on a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225). The results show: A great diversity in relationship careers; a preference of LAT and cohabitation (non-visible in official statistics); the importance of intimate relationships for well-being and that new relationships are as important for life-satisfaction as long-lasting ones; that intimate relationships are more important than children for well-being. A central analytical finding was the importance of time as an organizing frame for new intimate relationships in later life: the paradox of having a lot of free time in the third age, but a restricted life time left. Results will be discussed in relation to the theorizing frames mentioned above, especially new practices for intimacy in a culture of divorce. Cohort replacement is only one explanation for changing practices and attitudes to new intimate relationships in later life and the period effect seems to be as important.

  • 19086.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Time as a structuring condition for new intimate relationships in later life: A qualitative study of elderly Swedes2013In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, no Suppl. 1, p. 109-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Social gerontology about intimacy in old age has almost exclusively focused on institutionalized life-long marriages. However, mobility in and out of intimate relationships has become more common in late modern societies also in later life. In this paper the research questions are: What characterizes the formation of new intimate relationships in later life? Are there any specific, more or less universal, conditions that separate them from relationships in earlier life phases?

    Method: Qualitative interviews were used with a strategical sample of 28 6-?91 year old Swedes, who have established a new intimate heterosexual relationship after the age of 60 or who are dating.

    Results: The results showed time as constituting a central structuring condition for new intimate relationships in later life. In the results three aspects of time: Available free time, Lived time and Remaining time ? which all have a constituting and formative power on new late in life relationships are discussed in relation to theories of late modernity and the Third Age and in relation to changing demographical conditions.

    Conclusion: The concluding discussion will be about the time theoretical frame as a model for understanding experiences of ageing.

  • 19087.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Socialhögskolan, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Andersson, Lars
    Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier (ISV), NISAL, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sverige.
    Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to study the importance of intimate relationships as protection from loneliness in later life. We base ourselves on a survey to Swedes aged 60–90 (n=1 225) focusing on intimate relationships. The analysis considers neglected issues in ageing research on loneliness: the importance of union form, the importance of looking at relationship dissolution in terms of both widowhood and divorce, and the importance of new late life unions (a gains perspective). We use two theoretical perspectives: the discrepancy model (realities vs. ideals), and the protection hypothesis, where the partner is generally the first and most important source of support in everyday life. The results show that a partner protects against loneliness and that union form matters: marriage provides the best protection, followed by cohabitation and Living Apart Together (LAT). Feelings of loneliness decrease over time following a union dissolution – and, for men, more rapidly after separation than widowhood. The more the ideal union form differs from one’s actual union form, the more common are feelings of loneliness. Initiating a new relationship after a union dissolution protects against loneliness. The article discusses the importance of using union form instead of civil status as relationship indicators in studies of older people in late modern Sweden, and of including separation/divorce as indicators of union dissolution besides widowhood. It also stresses the importance of looking at later life not only from a loss – but also from a gains – perspective.

  • 19088.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    Pohjolainen, Pertti
    Age institute, Helsinki.
    Ruoppila, Isto
    Psykologiska institutionen, Jyväskylä universitet, FI.
    Experiencing ageing – Kokemuksellinen vanheneminen – Att uppleva åldrandet1994 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I boken Att uppleva åldrandet ges en mångsidig bild av aktuell social- och psykogerontologisk forskning. Kända forskare från USA, Skandinavien och Finland analyserar i olika artiklar centrala temata som: uppfattningen av ålderdomen genom historien, psykogerontologins historia och utveckling, kreativitet under livsloppet, attityder till åldrandet och livslörändrdingar, upplevelser av hälsa och sjukdom samt förhållandet och växelverkan mellan generationerna. Artiklarna förmedlar också ny kunskap om äldrebefolkningen i Finland. Boken riktar sig speciellt till olika yrkesgrupper som är intresserade av åldrandet, samt till studerande i social- och vårdvetenskap.

  • 19089.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala univeristet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Alter und Altern in der Lebensge­schichte älterer Finnen1995In: Altwerden in einer alternden Gesellschaft:: Kontinuität und Krisen in biographischen Verläufen / [ed] Mader, W., Opladen: Leske & Budrich , 1995, p. 155-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19090.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Hyvä vanhuus – kaikesta huoli­mat­ta [En god ålderdom – trots allt]1994In: Muuttuva vanhuus [Ålderdom i förän­dring] / [ed] Uutela, A. & Ruth, J.-E., Helsinki: Gaudeamus , 1994, 1, p. 445-463Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19091.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Livsloppsformer och åldrande i Finland1993In: Livslöp blant gamle i Norden / [ed] Kari Waerness, Jan-Erik Ruth & Lars Tornstam, Oslo: Norsk gerontologisk institutt , 1993, p. 141-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19092.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala univeristet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Old age as reflected in the life stories of elderly Finns1995In: Images of aging in Western so­cieties / [ed] Hummel, C. & Lalive d'Epinay, C.J., Geneva: Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontolology, University of Geneva , 1995, 1, p. 121-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19093.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Centrum för forskning och utbildning i äldreomsorgen, Kuntokalio, Finland.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Rädsla och Otrygghet Bland Äldre1987In: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784-0039, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 55-62Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19094.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Dept Sociol.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Attitudes towards embodied old age among Swedes2003In: The International Journal of Aging & Human Development, ISSN 0091-4150, E-ISSN 1541-3535, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 133-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Messages in the consumer culture are often youth oriented, aiming at the prevention of the bodily decay associated with biological ageing. In gerontological discourses, this has been hypothesised to generate negative attitudes towards embodied ageing and old age. Studies about general attitudes towards old age show that younger respondents have more negative attitudes than do older respondents, and gerontological discourses also hypothesise a gendered ageism, with especially negative attitudes towards elderly women. The empirical study of embodied ageing among 1,250 Swedes aged 20-85 years contradicts these hypotheses. The results show rather positive attitudes towards embodied old age, especially among young and middle-aged respondents. Neither do the results unequivocally confirm the hypothesis of gendered ageism, which predicts considerably more negative attitudes towards old women than towards old men. One interpretation of the results is that, counter to many hypotheses, the consumer culture, with its new opportunities and roles for old people, may positively affect these attitudes.

  • 19095.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Body images among men and women of different ages1999In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 629-644Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The exterior territories, or surfaces, of the body have become symbols of the self in late modernity. People are increasingly overwhelmed with messages of youthful ideals: how to stay young or how to get old without signs of ageing. However, studies of the effects of these images on people’s own experiences as they grow older seem to be lacking. The present paper reports an empirical study which focuses on body image for men and women of different ages. Four hypotheses, derived from social gerontological theories, are developed and tested against data: the female beauty hypothesis, the double marginality hypothesis, the ageing mask hypothesis and the ageless self hypothesis. The survey, taken by 2,002 Swedes, reveals a response pattern with basically positive body images and, for women, increasingly positive with age. The results are, thus, in sharp contrast to the gerontophobic messages from consumer culture as well as to some gerontological theories

  • 19096.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala university, Department of Sociology.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
     Youthfulness and Fitness Identity Ideals for All Ages?2001In: Journal of Aging and Identity, ISSN 1087-3732, E-ISSN 1573-3491, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 15-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In consumer society the body, one focus for a youthful consumption, is a symbol of identity, the ‘true presentation’ of who one really is. We have witnessed new images for elderly people, especially the Young-Old. This descriptive study focuses on the importance of youthfulness and fitness in different among Swedes in different ages. The empirical study among 1.250 Swedes in the age 20-85 show youthfulness and fitness as uni-age phenomena. More than 7 out of 10 report lower ‘subjective ages’ (Feel-Age, Ideal-Age and Look-Age) than their chronological age. Fitness activities and slenderness ideals seem to be important independent of age group. This could, on one hand, be interpreted as a changing life course with new, more ‘positive’ images of old age. On the other hand it could be interpreted as a new, more subtle form of ageism.

  • 19097.
    Öborn, Helena
    et al.
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Technology and Intervention, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wettergren, Lena
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Herthelius, Maria
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Technology and Intervention, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Social Work, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Associations between lower urinary tract dysfunction and health-related quality of life in children with chronic kidney disease2016In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, no 8, p. 959-966Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim Little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children with lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated LUTD and other possible predictors of impaired HRQoL in children with conservatively treated moderate to severe CKD or with a kidney transplant.

    Methods All 64 children with CKD or a kidney transplant treated at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, between June 2011 and December 2012 were approached and 59 children aged 8-18 were enrolled in the study. Lower urinary tract function was evaluated with voiding history, frequency and volume chart, uroflowmetry and post void ultrasound measurements. Self-reported HRQoL was assessed with validated generic instruments.

    Results The HRQoL of the study cohort was as good as the general paediatric population, apart from the physical and psychological well-being dimensions, and was no different to children with other chronic conditions. Urinary incontinence, but not LUTD in general, was associated with impaired HRQoL, as was having a kidney transplant and being female in some dimensions.

    Conclusion LUTD was common in children with CKD or a kidney transplant but did not affect their general HRQoL. Predictors of impaired HRQoL included incontinence, having had a kidney transplant and being female.

  • 19098.
    Ödeving, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Geometri i förskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19099.
    Ödlund, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berg, Lotta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Omvårdnad vid höftfraktur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Patienter med höftfraktur blir allt fler i takt med att medelåldern ökar. Det är en stor och resurskrävande patientgrupp. De har under en längre tid varit underprioriterade vilket har resulterat i långa väntetider till operation.

    Syfte:

    Syftet var att beskriva om det fanns några fördelar att arbeta med höftspår vid höftfrakturer samt att beskriva urvalet av de använda vetenskapliga artiklarna.

    Metod:

    Deskriptiv litteraturstudie med tretton vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Likheter och olikheter i artiklarnas resultat har kategoriserats och sammanställts till fem olika teman.

    Huvudresultat:

    Resultatet visade att det fanns fördelar med att arbeta med omhändertagande via höftspår, detta resulterade i kortare väntetid till operation samt färre komplikationer. Dessa patienter som omhändertogs via höftspår hade även en kortare vårdtid. Risken för mortalitet påverkades inte nämnvärt vid höftspår kontra konventionell vård vid höftfraktur.

    Slutsats:

    I kategorien förkortad tid till operation samt kortare vårdtid kan man se stora positiva skillnader efter införandet av höftspår, i minskade postoperativa komplikationer en viss förbättring. I kategorin minskad risk för dödlighet ses ingen statistisktsignifikant skillnad. Riktlinjerna kring detta höftspår har påverkat omvårdnaden i en positiv riktning. Dessa patienter omhändertas nu med en snabbare och bättre rutin. Det har inte upptäckts några nackdelar med att arbeta med höftspår.

  • 19100.
    Ödman, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Hur påverkas barn av stress och hur kan stress motverkas i förskolan?2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen var att undersöka om det förekommer stress bland barnen i förskolan, hur den i så fall yttrar sig samt hur personalen vid förskolorna jobbar för att motverka eventuell stress bland barnen. Muntliga intervjuer användes som undersöknings metod med diktafon som hjälpmedel. Åtta förskollärare har blivit intervjuade och intervjuerna har utförts i två olika kommuner. Resultatet visade att det förekommer många olika tecken på stress bland barnen och att både pedagoger och föräldrar till stor del bidrar till stressen.

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