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  • 201.
    Carrwik, Christian
    et al.
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Murakami, Hideki
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.
    Willander, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Robinson, Yohan
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Potential harms of interventions for spinal metastatic disease2017In: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ISSN 1469-493X, E-ISSN 1469-493X, Vol. -, no 7, article id CD012724Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: The primary objective of this review is to compare the potential harms of treatment for spinal metastatic disease for the following treatments: 1. Surgical intervention. 2. Surgical intervention with radiation therapy. 3. Radiation therapy alone. Our secondary objectives are: 1. comparing the harms of different surgical methods; 2. comparing the harms between different radiation protocols.

  • 202.
    Cartéus, Cattia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Gustavsson, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Skolkuratorers erfarenheter av arbetet med psykisk ohälsa bland högstadieelever2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore what kind of mental illness school counselors encounter and work with in school, we have therefore conducted a qualitative study and interviewed six school counselors who work with high school students. The results showed that mental illness was an ambiguous term, but the most significant forms of mental illness encountered were stress, performance anxiety and self-harm. School counselors work was perceived as vague, but the three most prominent tasks associated with mental illness were charting, individual counseling and to support students to other professionals. The school counselors focused primarily on acute interventions which resulted that preventive work to avoid mental illness being neglected. Their collaboration in student health care was described to be important for detecting and managing mental illness.

  • 203.
    Ceder, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hellström, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det maskerande brusljudets påverkan på inlärningen av visuell information: om effekten av maskerande brusljud i öppna kontorslandskap2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined if a masking white noise on irrelevant speech affects the encoding of visual information. An experiment was carried out in a laboratory with 32 participants. The participants were presented to a series of written words and were prompted to recall these words in any order. While the participants studied the written words, irrelevant speech from the same semantic category was presented with or without a masking noise. The participants were told to ignore the irrelevant speech. The results of this study showed that the number of intrusions from the irrelevant speech decreases and the number of recalled written words increases when the irrelevant speech is masked by a white noise compared to irrelevant speech without a masking noise. The findings of this study could be applied in the acoustic design of open-plan offices where cognitive tasks, such as reading comprehension and proofreading, are performed in a noisy environment. A white noise can reduce the intelligibility of office noise and irrelevant speech, which have positive effect on work performance.  

  • 204.
    Chang, Elvi Suherman
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Burfoot, Christopher Dean
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Addressing cultural barriers to the provision of aid for victims of domestic violence in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic violence is a global issue, and despite awareness of the issue increasing, the prevalence to which women are being physically and mentally abused is increasing. This study aimed to qualitatively investigate the impact of cultural barriers on the provision of aid to victims of abuse from the perspectives of social workers within a domestic violence care organisation in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Social workers within the organisation were interviewed to examine their personal experiences of working with clients from different cultural backgrounds and the results were analysed using the ecological model and the intersectional theory, as well as using earlier research conducted on the issue. The findings showed that the culture of a client can have an effect with regards to abused women seeking help, though the practices of the organisation were generally not impacted based on the cultural background of a client.

  • 205.
    Checa, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Morales, Ana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Yngre och äldre högskolestudenters attityd mot yngre och äldre arbetstagare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien avsåg att undersöka yngre och äldre högskolestudenters attityd mot yngre och äldre arbetstagare samt se om det fanns skillnad i attityden mot äldre och yngre arbetstagare. Som mätinstrument användes en semantisk differentialskala uppbyggd på 20 ordpar som skattades utifrån en sjugradig likert-skala. Respondenterna skattade antingen en yngre arbetstagare först och sedan en äldre arbetstagare eller tvärtom. Studiens design utgjorde en 2x2x2 mixad ANOVA med oberoende variablerna blockordning, respondenternas ålder och målpersonens ålder. En huvudeffekt av målpersonens ålder utlästes vilket innebar att attityden influerades av arbetstagarens ålder. Interaktionseffekten mellan respondentens ålder och målpersonens ålder innebar att yngre högskolestudenter var mer positiva till yngre arbetstagare än vad äldre studenter var. Interaktionseffekten mellan blockordning och målpersonens ålder visade att svarsordning influerade attityden på så sätt att attityden förstärktes om respondenterna skattade attityden mot yngre arbetstagare först. 

  • 206.
    Chen, Qiaoran
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Wang, Yu
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Intervention strategies used by University of Gavle when dealing with alcohol problems2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at exploring the intervention strategies directed to reduce alcohol drinking in Hogskolan in Gavle. Although many students consume alcohol in different settings such as parties and gathering, few of them can understand the whole picture of the school’s intervention strategies. As shown by the research, the social workers in health center attempt to form a collective relationship with students and use the open-ended questions when conducting the counseling. Meanwhile, the employees who are responsible for school bar not only try to create a safer environment based on Responsible Alcohol Drinking but also apply prevention strategies including a high alcohol price and a long waiting line. According to the overall situation in the community, a meeting has been organized among different sectors regarding health center, student union, and municipalities. The topics of the meetings are not only about the current situation in this region but also about the cooperative strategies of each sector. To take a closer look at the school’s alcohol methods, we interviewed two social workers at the health center as well as two employees in the students’ union who are mainly responsible for school bar.

  • 207.
    Christiernin, Jakob
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Daily activities: a way to social inclusion for persons with intellectual disabilities?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Social inclusion is an issue for persons with intellectual disability; the group often suffer from discrimination on the open labour market and are subject to social exclusion. Persons with intellectual disability have the right to daily activities that have the intention to lead to an employment on the open labour market. By exploring and identifying issues regarding social inclusion for persons with intellectual disabilities at daily activities, there is a possibility to lift forward the voice of an excluded group. The results of this study can serve as information about the current status of social inclusion at daily activities centres.

    Objective: To investigate if and how daily activities for persons with intellectual disabilities can lead to social inclusion.

    Methods: Five supervisors that work alongside persons with intellectual disabilities at the daily activities centre were interviewed. Inductive thematic analysis was used to interpret the data material gathered.

    Results: Activities to enhance social inclusion did not take place at the daily activities centres. Persons with intellectual disabilities had severe difficulties to achieve an employment on equal terms as persons without disabilities on the open labour market.

    Conclusion: In order to achieve a higher degree of social inclusion for persons with intellectual disabilities at the daily activities centre following is needed; individual planning, a high degree of service user influence and sufficient financial- and human resources.

  • 208.
    Claesson, Johannes
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hagström, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Att leva med ADHD som vuxen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to examine life with ADHD as an adult in three areas: work, leisure activities and daily life, and thereby increase the understanding of these individuals. The empirical research of the study was interviews with three adult males with ADHD. The result from the interviews was analyzed using theories of coping strategies and SOC. The result revealed a width of how the disability ADHD affected the interviewee’s lives.  It was mainly the symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity that affected work, leisure and everyday life. The difficulties were manifested in very different ways. The symptom hyperactivity could in some situations be seen as a benefit. Since ADHD affected the interviewees in different ways a number of various coping strategies were given as examples of how the interviewees deal with stressful situations in live. Various examples of how ADHD affected the interviewee’s experience of SOC were reviled in the study.

     

  • 209.
    Coleman, Simon
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Effekten av intuitiva och avsiktliga tankeprocesser på individers förutfattande meningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined how individuals' preconceptions are influenced by cognitive processes, based on the cognitive two-system theory. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether and how System 1 and System 2 activation affected individuals' preconceptions. The hypothesis was that System 1 activation allowed preconceptions to influence individuals’ judgement more than System 2 activation. The design was a 2 x 2 factorial design analyzed with a mixed ANOVA. A query battery, with specific questions to activate respective condition (System 1/System 2), was used as a measuring instrument. The participants were 40 students at Gävle University. The result showed partial support for the hypothesis, but may be considered as weak due to an interaction effect between conditions.

  • 210.
    Concha, Carolina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Heierson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Identitetsrelaterade positiva och negativa autobiografiska platsminnen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate positive and negative place-related autobiographical memories related to place-identity and phenomenological dimensions of the autobiographical memory. Autobiographical memories are memories that refer to important life periods, grounding our identity. 81 women and 28 men. Between-subject-design was used for quantitative data, with an independent variable of Place (positive / negative) and two dependent variables of Place-identity (emotional / cognitive component) as well as the ten phenomenological dimensions of the autobiographical memory. The measuring instrument consisted of a three-part questionnaire that contained questions based on previous research. Results showed an effect of Type of Place associated with both emotional and cognitive components of place identity. We also reported an effect of Type of Place on six of ten phenomenological dimensions. The qualitative results showed that positive memories contain memories from rural environments, while negative memories contain mainly urban environments. The results also showed that a majority of the memories contained mainly childhood associated memories, regardless of positive or negative place memories.

  • 211.
    Contreras, Nina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Norling, Tove
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Det här är något helt nytt, jag är en direktlänk: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om områdespolisers syn på att arbeta nära medborgaren2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe the views of community police officers towards working close to the citizen and if the views differed between community police officers in a metropolitan area and in a rural region, and if so, how they differed. Through semi structured interviews with six community police officers, three from each region, we found that all interviewees had difficulty defining what it meant to be close to the citizen. They also had difficulty distinguishing what was preventive and reactive in their work. A clear difference between the viewpoints of the work was that interviewees in the metropolitan area focused on the individuals while the interviewees in the rural areas focused on the local society. These were frequent differences throughout the result. The work of the community police officers was associated with a variety of challenges and opportunities, but all interviewees were pleased to work towards getting closer to the citizen and becoming more preventive.

  • 212.
    Cornell Kärnekull, Stina
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Jonsson, Fredrik U.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Willander, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Larsson, Maria
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Context independent memory for odors and words2015In: Chemical Senses, ISSN 0379-864X, E-ISSN 1464-3553, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 240-240Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Cornell Kärnekull, Stina
    et al.
    Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Fredrik U.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Willander, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology. Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sikström, Sverker
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Larsson, Maria
    Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Long-term memory for odors: influences of familiarity and identification across 64 days2015In: Chemical Senses, ISSN 0379-864X, E-ISSN 1464-3553, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 259-267Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have investigated long-term odor recognition memory, although some early observations suggested that the forgetting rate of olfactory representations is slower than for other sensory modalities. This study investigated recognition memory across 64 days for high and low familiar odors and faces. Memory was assessed in 83 young participants at 4 occasions; immediate, 4, 16, and 64 days after encoding. The results indicated significant forgetting for odors and faces across the 64 days. The forgetting functions for the 2 modalities were not fundamentally different. Moreover, high familiar odors and faces were better remembered than low familiar ones, indicating an important role of semantic knowledge on recognition proficiency for both modalities. Although odor recognition was significantly better than chance at the 64 days testing, memory for the low familiar odors was relatively poor. Also, the results indicated that odor identification consistency across sessions, irrespective of accuracy, was positively related to successful recognition.

  • 214.
    Cunningham, Mirjam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Parent-reports of children's vocabulary skills: How reliable are parents' estimates of their children's vocabulary skills?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examined the reliability of parents' reports of their child's verbal skills. Parents to 17 children participated and completed the toddler version of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (CDI). It was found that the correlation between the reports made by the mothers and fathers was very strong. All in all the parents had a very similar understanding of their child's verbal skills.

  • 215.
    Da Luz Reis, Isaura
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kindström, Linnéa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Om man ser ut som du så får man skylla sig själv": En intervjustudie om transidentifierades utsatthet för brott och annan utsatthet, samt rättsväsendets bemötande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In using semi-structured interviews with four people of trans experience, the study investigated such peoples’ (transvestites, transgender, inter-gender and other with transexperience) exposure to crime and other vulnerabilities. It explored whether they had contacted the justice system concerning their vulnerabilities and if so, the quality of the response they received, in the case of there being any at all. The exposure to crime (and other) varies greatly as it is dependent upon different grounds of discrimination. It is also said to be multifaceted and made up of both illegal actions and others that are not necessarily lawfully deemed a crime. The exposure of such discrimination is to a degree of frequency, the interviewees normalise it and struggle to distinguish it. There are multiple reasons as to why the interviewees do or do not choose to contact the justice system, possibly the fear of secondary victimization or their own earlier experience of poor treatment. This potentially could also be put to the fact the justice system’s response has, when it existed, varied significantly. How well binary transpeople pass affect the exposure to crime (and other) to a great extent, since the ignorance of transpersons is large and often result in discrimination.

  • 216.
    Dahl, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Tidsmätning i äldreomsorgen - Kvalitet eller kontroll?: En kvalitativ studie om hemtjänstpersonal och enhetschefers upplevelser av planeringsverktyget TES.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1990’s, Swedish elderly care has undergone many significant changes. Reorganizations and strive for cost-efficiency has characterized work practices. As a result of the reorganizations that have shaped todays home care work, time measurement systems have been introduced in many of the countries municipalities. The purpose of these systems is for home care staff to accurately report the time spent in care work, collecting data to contribute to further development of even more effective practices. In this paper, I asked how homecare personnel and managers feel about the timing systems and how the work and care environment might be affected by the use of such systems. Four individual interviews were conducted in this study and the results demonstrate that experience with time-measurement systems correlates to the sense of influence of the work and duties.

  • 217.
    Dahlberg, Iréne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Åström, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hinder och framgångsfaktorer för personer med Aspergers syndrom: I steget från skola till arbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to describe hindering and facilitating factors in the transition from upper secondary school and employment for a person with Asperger’s syndrome. In the process we used general systems theory and made semi-structured interviews with five persons in the network of institutions and associations working with the individual. Our findings showed that the hindering and facilitating factors were basically the same depending of the environmental adjustments. The interviews highlighted the following factors: the recent general unemployment rate in Sweden, selfawareness of the individual and the surrounding environment’s knowledge of the individual’s impairment in relation to Asperger’s syndrome. The highlighted factors were discussed in relation to the regular labour market for a person with Aspergers syndrome after secondary upper school at the levels of micro-, meso- and macrosystem.

  • 218.
    Dahlgren, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Dahlgren, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Cannabisanvändande ungdomar: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med socialarbetare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of young people's use of cannabis. To do that is this study made out of a qualitative interview method where we have interviewed four social workers and one policeman. All informants have experience of working with young people who used cannabis. To analyse the findings raised during the interviews, we have chosen to use the theoretical perspectives of social constructionism and the development of psychopathology. Furthermore, we have in the study used the risk and protective factors to analyse the factors that can influence a young person use of cannabis. The result indicates that the factors behind the use of cannabis are mental illness, neuropsychiatric diagnosis as ADHD or ADD and a problematic home. This result further discussion of risk factors such as a lack of schooling and whether sex has any significance or difference among those who use cannabis as an intoxicant. One of the main results that emerge is that mental illness is the most common risk factor for young people who use cannabis, and who is current to the social services.

    Keywords: cannabis, social constructionism, social service, social worker, young people 

  • 219.
    Dahlqvist, Charlotta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Arbetsidentitet och strävan: Vilken roll spelar etnicitet och utbildningsnivå?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is quantitative and the purpose was to examine the effects of ethnicity and education on three working-related identities and striving among 80 participants. The participants consisted of foreign-born people living in Sweden and people who were born in Sweden, with different educational background. Each groups consisted of 20 participants. The result showed that the highly educated participants had higher professional identity. The participants with lower education level had a stronger colleague identity than the higher educated participants and the Swedish-born participants had a lower identity. The higher educated participants had a lower need for an identity and the Swedish participants had a higher need for an identity. The participants with lower education level had a stronger commitment and a feeling of conflict with other ambitions and demands. Higher salary was considered to be the most important strive/ambition followed by personal developing and well-being. One important conclusion to be drawn is that the level of working-related identities was influenced by the participant’s different ethnicity and educational background.

  • 220.
    Dahlström, Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hammar Nyblom, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En kvalitativ undersökning av professionella socialarbetares konstruktioner av kvinnomisshandel2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze the social constructions social workers formed as result of working with women who had been victims of male partner violence. The social constructions analyzed came from the social workers descriptions of the client group’s situation. The question addressed was what social constructions a selection of social workers had that had worked with women who experienced violent abuse from men that they lived in a relationship with. The question was focused on the following themes: the women´s life conditions, the relationship to the man, the violence in the relationship, and what the factors affected whether the woman stayed or left the abusive relationship. The method used was semi-structured qualitative interviews. Five professional social workers from different shelters and social services institutions were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed from a social constructionist perspective with support from earlier research in the area. The most important finding from the study, and conclusion, was that the social constructions the professional social workers made from working with the abused woman was that the entire life situation of the abused women was negatively affected by the abuse from the man. The abused women were ambivalent in their approach to the abusive man, and they lived on the hope that the abusive man would change his abusive ways. The women did not experience the violence as something normal and they always resisted the violence in some way.

  • 221.
    Daklallah, Rayan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Persson, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Förorten som socialt problem?: Förortsungdomars egen beskrivning av sin verklighet i bostadsområdet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the perspective of suburban youths on their residential are. This research is based upon qualitative interviews. In order to analyse the qualitative interviews that will be conducted, two theories will be implemented. To achieve the highest quality results, different theories will be applied to suit the purpose of this study. Our informants are three male and three females aged 18-19, living in a suburban area of south Stockholm.

    The results in this study have highlighted that young people in suburban areas have both positive and negative image of their residential areas. The youths believe that the society have attributed bad conceptions towards them. Even though they don’t agree with the society, the youths do not seem to see light in the future for the area.

  • 222.
    Daniels, Karen
    et al.
    Health Systems Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, Tygerberg WC, South Africa; Health Policy and Systems Division, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Clarke, Marina
    Centre for Health Professions Education, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Snyman, Stefanus
    Centre for Health Professions Education, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Ringsberg, Karin C.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Preschool children’s healthy lifestyles: South African parents’ and preschool staff perceptions2016In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 75, no 8, p. 897-910Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The worldwide growth of non-communicable diseases requires important lifestyle adaptations. The earlier a healthy lifestyle is adopted, the better. Enabling a healthy lifestyle for children during the preschool years ideally involves the cooperation of parents and teachers. Health promotion with parents and teachers is most effective if it takes into consideration their views and opinions, as well as context. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of health and healthy lifestyle from the perspective of preschool children’s parents, and the staff caring for children attending preschools in three diverse settings. Design: Qualitative in-depth study. Setting: Preschools in Western Cape Province, South Africa. Method: Data were collected through six focus group discussions and analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Parents and staff shared a holistic view of health, agreeing that children and their health were primarily the responsibility of the parents. Informants described their own health and that of children as affected by a variety of interconnected factors, including environmental, economic, social and individual influences. Conclusion: When tailoring a health-promoting education programme, it is important to consider the pre-existing knowledge the participants have and the context in which intervention will take place. There is also a need to structurally address social determinants of health that may be beyond the control of the individuals.

  • 223.
    Danielsson Bergström, Annelie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Maracic, Tanja
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Relationen mellan Arbetskaraktäristik och Arbetstillfredsställelse2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Positive experiences of job characteristics has been found to associate with job satisfaction. The aim was to investigate the relationships between four dimensions of job characteristics (control, workload, complexity and digitization) and job satisfaction. Furthermore, it was examined whether these relationships differed between respondents with long vs. short employment time. 166 53 employees at Lantmäteriet participated in the survey. Data was selected by a web-based survey. The main results showed through regression analysis a significant positive relationship between control and job satisfaction of the whole group, where the model could explain 14% of job satisfaction. The main results showed significant relationships between control and job satisfaction for the whole group of respondents and between workload and job satisfaction for the short time employment.Since only the relationship between perceived control and job satisfaction was significant, the differences for short or long employment time were investigated. A t-test showed that there was no significant difference between respondents with short and long employment time in terms of perceived control.

  • 224.
    Danielsson, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Sjöberg, Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Ta ett steg bakåt och höj blicken: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om att förebygga hot och våld mot ambulanspersonalen i en medelstor svensk region2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study was to create an understanding of how paramedics have experienced situations where they were exposed to threats and violence, and how the staff described how threats and violence could be prevented. Five semistructured interviews was performed in a mid sized region in Sweden. The main result showed that all respondents, at some occasion, have felt threatened. There have also been situations where they have been exposed to violent events. Patients with certain illnesses could contribute to the feeling of being exposed to threats and violence; although, if the employer had provided education and support in this, then maybe the situations could have been prevented. Our most important conclusion was that there have been little to no preventive work against threats and violence, except for a few courses, although, all respondents felt that experience had the biggest impact for how threatening and violent situations were handled.

  • 225.
    Dann, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ödalen Frank, Leonie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Från motgång till framgång: En kvalitativ studie om steget vidare från studieavbrott2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate how school drop-outs describe their way back to any type of occupation. The authors carried out a qualitative study with interviews based on an interview guide to be able to answer the studies questions at issue, with the intention to capture knowledge about the young adults’ opinion concerning turning-points and the meaning of self-image and relations in the surroundings. In a total, four interviews were carried out with young adults in the ages of 17-20 years, whom had dropped-out of high-school but were, at the time of the interviews, back in some kind of occupation. The authors used previously published science articles, along with the theoretical perspective of symbolic interactionism and KASAM to analyze the data. The result of this study showed that all of the young adults had experienced some kind of turning-point during their way back to an occupation, which they found to be substantial. There were some variations in how these turning-points occurred; they turned out to be an event as well as a meeting. Further on, the authors has found that self-image have had a great effect on the young adults´ possibilities to handle turning-point situations, as well as their motivation for studies, and that relations with factors of guidance and a respectful treatment has been crucial for the step towards an occupation. 

  • 226.
    Dao, Catherine. H
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    An exploratory study of the methods and strategies implemented to integrate unaccompanied minors in five residential home in Sweden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore what methods the personnel in five residential care homes in Götaland, Sweden, implement to integrate unaccompanied minors. The study investigated how and what methods are constructed as well as how the social interaction between the unaccompanied minors and the personnel at the homes bring about the learning of the methods. Five face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed through the perspective of social construction and social learning theory. The result revealed that the methods are not clearly identified by the personnel. The personals are still learning how to work with unaccompanied minors from their experiences. This indicates that the practice is at its infant stage. The study found a wide variety of methods, which were based on the child and where some methods intend to build good relationship, to integrate the children into society and to facilitate the development of strategies and methods. The study also addresses the issue of how the methods and strategies can be affected by the dynamic migratory flow and the question of evidence based practice within this field.

  • 227.
    Detthoff, Lars-Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hellqvist, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Medling vid brott, en bortglömd samhällslösning för ungdomskriminalitet?: En integrativ litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Victim–offender mediation, a forgotten solution for juvenile delinquency? In this integrative literature study, existing research on mediation in crimes for young offenders and their victims has been compiled. As the method of mediation is used to a lesser extent in Sweden, despite the fact that it is a statutory municipal obligation, our purpose of the study was to investigate whether the legislator's intentions with the method of benefiting both parties were met and, if so, in what way. Eighteen articles have been selected and presented in a thematic form by a systematic literature search and subsequently analyzed from two theoretical perspectives. The result shows that mediation broadly complies with the legislator's intentions and is a peaceful forum where young offenders and their victims through dialogue are given the opportunity to reach insights which can lead to liberation for both parties. Problems can occur if mediation occurs inadvertently or by pressure as it undermines the possibility of insight. The results show the importance of education for and supervision of the mediators/the social services which could be provided by a comprehensive government coordinator.

  • 228.
    Dobrovolskaya, Irina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nilsson, Runa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Vem för och vem följer?: En diskursanalytisk studie av hur biståndshandläggare och brukare inom den kommunala äldreomsorgen framställs i tidningsartiklar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze subject positions given to case workers and elderly people within community-based elderly care in two different newspapers. The method used was discourse analysis, including tools such as categorization of discourses, transitivity and modality. The theoretical framework was built on a set of socio-political discourses. The findings of the study were largely in agreement with previous research, identifying a limited set of positions for both elderly and case workers. The former were mostly presented as either passive, bereft of rights and described by others, or as active users of community services. The latter were portrayed on the one hand as passive in relation to the users of community services and to their employers, and on the other hand as active government officials with a great deal of control and decision-making power towards elderly people. These positions are consistent primarily with individualized socio-political discourses.

  • 229.
    Dragon, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Andersson, Marlene
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Vägen ut har ju inte direkt varit rak: en narrativ studie om upplevelser av utträde ur långvarig hemlöshet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningar visar att 34 000 människor i Sverige är hemlösa. Detta trots att kommunerna har ett lagstadgat ansvar att tillhandahålla dess innevånare stöd och hjälp. Syftet med studien var att identifiera och beskriva upplevelser av hindrande respektive underlättande faktorer vid utträde ur hemlöshet samt erfarenheter av samhälleligt stöd kopplat till detta. Narrativa intervjuer genomfördes med två personer vilka tagit sig ur långvarig hemlöshet. Resultatet, som analyserades med stämplingsteorin och exitteorin, visade att missbruk var det mest framträdande hindret tillsammans med exempelvis svaga nätverk, skam, att ej vara berättigad till försörjningsstöd samt psykiska problem. Underlättande faktorer beskrevs bland annat som; stödjande nätverk, undvikande av tidigare umgänge samt andlig upplevelse. Socialtjänstens stöd framställdes som bristfälligt och en djup frustration uttrycktes över motkraven på drogfrihet. Merparten av resultatet gick i linje med tidigare forskning, men studiens resultat påvisade även nya påverkansfaktorer såsom ”att ej vara berättigad till försörjningsstöd” samt ”andliga upplevelser”. 

  • 230.
    Drangelid, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Norberg, Josefin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Så länge du har en LSS insats så lever du efter ett regelverk. Hur ska du då kunna bli integrerad i samhället?": En kvalitativ studie om hur chefer och medarbetare uppfattar att omsorgen för unga vuxna med lindrig intellektuell funktionsnedsättning fungerar.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how managers and employees experience the care for young adults with mild intellectual disabilities and if something needs to be done to make the support more adjusted to the these individuals. This was conducted with a qualitative study where two managers and two employees, who meets the target group of the study thought their profession, was interviewed. The interview guide covered the four main themes; normalization, individuality, alienation and social belonging. The results were analyzed through an inductive thematic analysis method through the theories SOC and empowerment. The most striking result was that the informants all agree that the support they have to offer isn’t adapted for the target group, especially when it comes to self-determination, building a family and labor market.

  • 231.
    Dufva, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Isberg, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Upplevelsen av anställningsrelationen under en outsourcingprocess2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores employees subjective experience of their employment relation before and during an outsourcing process and has its starting point in the concept of the psychological contract. Eight employees, in the process of being outsourced, were interviewed. The focus was on ‘the employees’ individual experiences and stories about the subjective and perceived employment relationship. Data were analyzed using basic qualitative analysis. The results indicate that a perceived breach of the psychological contract had a profound negative impact on the employment relationship and caused profound negative attitudes and emotional reactions towards the employer. The importance of a well established and mutually formulated psychological contract for the parties involved in the employment relationship, and in an extended perspective for the organization as such, is discussed.

  • 232.
    Durk Boustedt, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Wiksell, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Traineedeltagaresupplevelser av arbetsrelaterad motivation och lojalitet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is very important for a company's competitiveness and survival to have an effective recruitment and skills that match business needs with the individual´s. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the experiences of work-related motivation and loyalty in terms of participation in a trainee program. Two focus group interviews with five participants from 2011 and five participants from 2012 formed the basis for the study. Data were analyzed using qualitative thematic data analysis. The main results showed a very positive experience in terms of motivation and loyalty. Participants felt that they had a good insight into the entire organization and thus developed a better understanding, commitment and trust, as a result of that the company had recognized individuals' needs, expectations and personal development via the trainee program. One conclusion was that the business can support the individual's motivation and loyalty by working with communication, leader role and the organizational climate.

  • 233.
    Edlund Ängskog, Jenny
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Working against trafficking: Perspectives on collaborative work between Swedish administrative authorities.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore prerequisites for collaboration between Swedish authorities in their work with women exposed to trafficking with sexual purpose. A qualitative research method was used. Three over-phone semi-structured interviews and one face-to-face semi-structured interview were conducted with professionals from the County Administrative Board, the Social Services and the Swedish Migration Agency. The results were analysed thematically through three themes with relating subthemes. The results showed that the professionals perceived collaborative work as important in order to treat each aspect of the diverse issue that is human trafficking, as well as to exchange knowledge and experiences with the involved authorities. Moreover, the professionals described that prerequisites for a functioning collaborative work are; clear assignation of roles, sufficient time and budget, and that each agency is aware of the importance of collaboration. Some difficulties within collaborative work highlighted by the participants were; different opinions and agendas between the agencies and lack of knowledge. Finally, some implications for future research were noticed, for example a lack of research regarding collaborative work between agencies against human trafficking for sexual purposes.

  • 234.
    Edman, Veronica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Henningsson, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Upplevelser av krav, kontroll, stöd och stress i mellanchefers dagliga arbete.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The role as a middle-manager is complex. They often tend to be squeezed between the management and the staff.  For this reason, it is very important that there is a good balance between demand, control, support and stress at work. Studies show that such balance is of great importance in facilitating the middle management's complex work situation. The aim of the study was to analyse middle manager’s experiences of demand, control, support and stress in their daily work. Semi-structured interviews with six middle managers on a private company were performed, and the result was analysed with deductive thematic analysis. All middle managers felt that they constantly experienced stress at work, and that the right proportions of demand, control and support could help them handle the stress at work.   

  • 235.
    Edström, Gabriella
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Känslor inför partier och socioekonomisk status hos väljare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate what kind of emotions the propaganda of the parliamentary parties generates and what level of education the Alliance and the Red-Green voters have. The study examined which block generated the most negative versus positive emotions about how Sweden looks today. The feelings used in the study was developed from Paul Ekmans theory of basic emotions. The method used was a quantitative survey and the outcome was that 93 of the distributed questionnaires could be analyzed. The result showed that there was no significant difference between what emotions the Alliance and the Red-Greens brought out about how Sweden looks today. A significant difference, however, was that the Swedish Democrats generated more negative and fewer positive emotions about how Sweden looks today than the other two blocks did. There was no significant difference between the Alliance and the Red-Green voters regarding educational level. 

  • 236.
    Edvardsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ruuska, Britt
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Det är tur att han inte velat börja med hockey": En studie om barn i ekonomiskt utsatta familjer ur ett föräldraperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about parents’ perception of child poverty in Sweden, how children get affected by family finances and how children can handle difficulties with being poor. The parents in this study express that there are times when the children do not have the same opportunities as their peers. According to the parents it is because of the families’ shortcomings in the economy, which can be seen through their leisure activities, clothes and holidays. Not being able to afford brand name clothes can give offense and be stigmatizing. Based on the parents' stories, we have interpreted the children's handling of situations through different strategies. The children mainly use adaptation and avoidance strategies to handle different situations.  Adaptation strategies are where the child adjusts and accepts the situation and avoidance trategies where the child avoids situations that are stigmatized. The children also use action strategies where they actively try to change their situation.

  • 237.
    Efverström, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Hoff, David
    Lunds universitet.
    Anti-doping and legitimacy: An international survey of elite athletes’ perceptions2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although there are a number of studies on policy making concerning doping and anti-doping in elite sports, the athletes’ perspective has largely been neglected. The present study contributes to bridging this gap. Since forming and developing the anti-doping policy utterly depends on how legitimate the practitioners believe this policy to be, the specific aim for this paper is to study how elite athletes at the broad international arena perceive the legitimacy of anti-doping policy and practices. An on-line questionnaire, designed to capture elite athletes’ perceptions, was answered by 261 respondents from 51 different countries and four international sports federations. Respondents were elite athletes belonging to the International Registered Testing Pool of each federation. The respondents were generally supportive towards anti-doping policy. Over 80% agreed that different anti-doping activities, from doping controls and the whereabouts system to storing of test samples and biological passports, are essential parts of the work against doping in sports. Support for anti-doping policy is also shown when 80% of the athletes agreed that anti-doping work should develop in a way that there is the same level of, or more, anti-doping activities compared to the current. The principle of anti-doping is, in this study, shown to be legitimate. However, at the level of practices, four areas were perceived as challenging. Regarding practical procedures, 34% experienced difficulties filing whereabouts information and 73% felt worried that they won’t be available for testing at the right place and right time in correlation to the whereabouts information they had provided. Concerning the athletes’ personal life and privacy, 50% of female athletes and 30% of males stated that they feel somewhat or very uncomfortable regarding their privacy when providing a urine sample. Furthermore, in regard to the whereabouts system, 47% of the respondents stated that they feel monitored. The efficacy and equality of anti-doping work is put under question by 58% who believed that users of forbidden substances/methods escape detection and 44% who did not believe that the whereabouts system is working properly in all countries. 70% of the respondents did not believe that all athletes applying for a therapeutic use exemption are treated in the same way. Regarding the athletes influence and participation in the policy work, 85% believe that athletes should be more involved. These four areas can be seen as unintended consequences of the work and reveal a weak point for the legitimacy of anti-doping when the athletes not fully perceive procedural justice. In conclusion, legitimacy for anti-doping policy in general is strong while a questioning of the legitimacy in the execution of the rules is discerned. If anti-doping authorities wish to maintain and increase the legitimacy of the anti-doping efforts, a thorough understanding for and consideration of the athletes’ perceptions is beneficial.

  • 238.
    Efverström, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. Swedish School of Sports and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hoff, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. School of Social Work, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Anti-doping and legitimacy: an international survey of elite athletes’ perceptions2016In: International Journal of Sport Policy, ISSN 1940-6940, E-ISSN 1940-6959, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 491-514Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anti-doping work is a comprehensive enterprise that entails control and governance of elite athletes’ everyday lives. However, in policy-making regarding doping and anti-doping in elite sports, the athletes’ perspective has not been considered adequately. Focusing on elite athletes’ perceptions of anti-doping as both principle and praxis, the study aimed to analyse how these perceptions can be understood from a legitimacy perspective. A survey study involving 261 elite athletes from 51 different countries and four international sports federations was conducted. The results showed that the athletes did not question the legitimacy of the rules, but had concerns about the legitimacy of the way the rules and principles are enforced in practice, specifically with regard to matters of privacy, lack of efficiency and equal conditions as well as athletes’ involvement in the anti-doping work. The article describes how athletes’ perceptions of the legitimacy of anti-doping work constitute the basis for their willingness to follow regulations as well as a precondition for the work’s functionality and stability. In light of this finding, the article calls for the empowerment of athletes in anti-doping work.

  • 239.
    Efverström, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hoff, David
    School of Social Work, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Contexts and conditions for a level playing field: Elite athletes’ perspectives on anti-doping in practice2016In: Performance Enhancement & Health, ISSN 2211-2669, E-ISSN 2211-2669, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 77-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of global anti-doping regulations was intended to provide a level playing field for all athletes entering sports competitions. However, studies have shown that the worldwide harmonization of rules has not been entirely efficacious. For instance, great variation has been found in how anti-doping organizations implement anti-doping regulations, and it has also been shown that athletes distrust the equivalence of the worldwide rules as regards their effects. The purpose of the present article is to examine how elite athletes from different contexts experience anti-doping procedures and to analyse the legitimacy of anti-doping practice. In order to capture a variety of voices and perspectives, 13 elite athletes from five different continents and three international sports federations were interviewed. The analysis shows that when global anti-doping policy is implemented in different contexts and under different conditions, inequities and structural injustices emerge concerning infrastructure, knowledge and support at the individual athlete level. These consequences may have implications for the legitimacy of anti-doping work, because the existence of procedural justice may be called into question. We therefore suggest that anti-doping policy-making should be based on taking into account these different conditions and being aware of the perspectives that underpin regulations intended to be applied global.

  • 240.
    Ehn, Billy
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Biografisk intervjumetod2011In: Många olika metoder / [ed] Katrine Fangen & Ann-Mari Sellerberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, 1, p. 57-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 241.
    Ehn, Billy
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Biografisk intervjumetode2011In: Mange ulike metoder / [ed] Katrine Fangen & Ann-Mari Sellerberg, Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk, 2011, 1, p. 57-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Ejestrand, Jeanette
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Gustavsson, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    ”Det är som att hamna i en rävsax, det är jäkligt svårt att komma ur det och då har man ett kraftigt sår i foten”: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomsarbetslöshet och dess relation till ungdomskriminalitet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study’s purpose is to examine the relation between youth unemployment and crime, so called youth crime. The focus of the study lies on the relation between unemployment and crime according to professionals’ perspective and how this confirms with former research. The empirical has been collected through qualitative interviews and analysed with stigma as main theory. The result of the study indicates that unemployment has a big impact on crime. However, there are several other parts involved, such as residence, health, education and upbringing. The conclusion is that all parts affects one and another and creates the bigger picture plus that the problematic area is complex, alienation is pervasive.

  • 243.
    Ekberg Leo, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Att leva med ett syskon som har missbruksproblem2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nearly half a million Swedes have an addiction to alcohol. The corresponding figure for drugs is 55 000 people. Many of these people have siblings.

    The main purpose of this thesis was to increase understanding of how siblings of young people / young adults who abuse drugs experience their life situation. Another purpose was to investigate what kind of support for the siblings needed from society and if they have received sufficient support. A total of seven semi- structured interviews have been conducted. In order to analyze the data obtained, inductive thematic analysis has been used. The result has been mainly discussed in relation to the SSCS model. Before the addiction, the respondents generally found that the sibling relationships were close and strong. During the addiction, respondents perceived that sibling relationships became conflicted and distant. This meant that the occurrence of threats and violence, concern about the addict and the absence of the addicting sibling became normal. When the sibling became drug-free the trust in the relationship towards that sibling was damaged. Several siblings have in their families had roles that were not age-appropriate, such as an adult partner´s relationship with one parent at the same time as they had parenting roll against the drug abusing sibling or against younger siblings. The siblings have consistently had a flawed social network. The respondents experienced different feelings towards the addict such as feelings of sadness, missing and loneliness, anger, helplessness and other feelings. The most common coping strategies have been to try to support the addict, to confront and eventually withdraw from the addict. Good support has been to meet others in the same situation in the form of support groups or to talk to someone who can get into the situation of the sibling. Preferred support has been counseling where information about drugs and how relatives of addicts are affected, or counseling to improve communication with everyone involved in the family. To live with a drugabusing strongly effects the other siblings situation. The loss of the near relationship to the sibling and to be in a vulnerable lifesituation rises the question what the society can and should do.

  • 244.
    Ekfäldt, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nyman, Thomas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hur tiggeri konstrueras som ett socialt problem i den massmediala debatten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 245.
    Eklund Scherp, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Forss, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kommunikation och organisationsengagemang: Om sambandet mellan vertikal samt horisontell kommunikation och organisationsengagemang2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to find out if it is possible to predict employees' organizational commitment based on organizational communication, both between managers and employees and between employees. This was done by asking 118 employees to answer a questionnaire consisting of parts from the Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire (Downs & Adrian, 2004). The main result of the study showed that organizational communication could partially explain the variance in organizational commitment. The results are discussed in terms of how and why organizations that have a perceived good organizational communication, both between employees and managers and between employees, are creating a stronger organizational commitment among its employees.

  • 246.
    Eklöv, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Westlén, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Jag gör det senare, i morgon eller någon annan dag": Om Prokrastinering i Arbetslivet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka om det finns samband mellan prokrastinering och anställnings- och arbetsrelaterade faktorer, samt mellan prokrastinering, målmedvetenhet; och neuroticism. Studien genomfördes i form av en enkätundersökning som besvarades av 100 personer. Enkäten bestod av frågor från General Procrastination Scale, International Personality Item Pool, samt delar ur en medarbetarundersökning från Karolinska Institutet. Studiens huvudresultat visade att män prokrastinerade mer än kvinnor och medarbetare prokrastinerade i högre utsträckning än chefer. Högre ålder hade ett samband med lägre grad av prokrastinering. Resultatet visade även att tydligare rollförväntningar och målsättningar, bättre feedback; ju mer anställda uppfattar sig som skickliga i sitt arbete; samt ju mer målmedveten en individ är – desto lägre grad av prokrastinering. Högre grad av neuroticism visades öka benägenheten att prokrastinera. Slutsatsen från föreliggande studie är att det finns ett samband mellan prokrastinering och några av de anställningsfaktorer som undersöktes, samt att det är möjligt att predicera prokrastinering utifrån ålder, arbetsrelaterade faktorer och personlighetsdrag.

  • 247.
    Ekman, Terese
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Visuell men inte auditiv och olfaktorisk föreställningsförmåga predicerar med kreativitet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats var att undersöka relationen mellan olika typer av föreställningsförmåga (visuell, olfaktorisk, auditiv samt visuell bildkontroll) och kreativitet hos vuxna. Ett bekvämlighetsurval genomfördes med 86 deltagare. Instrument för självskattning av mental föreställningsförmåga i de olika sinnesmodaliteterna samt för visuell bildkontroll och kreativitet användes. En multipel regression genomfördes och en närmare granskning visade att endast visuell föreställningsförmåga signifikant predicerade poängen på kreativitetsskalan. Visuell bildkontroll låg precis över gränsen för att vara signifikant. Slutsatsen drogs att personer med god visuell föreställningsförmåga är kreativare än personer med lägre grad av visuell föreställningsförmåga. Även förmågan att kontrollera, vända och vrida spatialt på sina mentala bilder avslöjade en tendens att predicera kreativa aktiviteter. Kreativitet mätt med förkortade CBI verkar vara specifikt beroende av visuell föreställningsförmåga oavsett det är handarbete, målning, eller skrivande.

     

  • 248.
    Ekström, Mikaela
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Holmer, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Medarbetarnas upplevelse av implementeringen av en aktivitetsbaserad kontorstyp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to research the experience of ten employees of a Swedish administrative authority in regard to the implementation of an activity-based workplace 2014. The study was conducted in the form of ten semi-structured interviews which were analyzed inductively. From this, three themes emerged: working activity-based, the ability to influence and social cohesion. The former two with their own subcategories. The study concluded that the administrative authority did not adjust their version of an activity-based workplace to accommodate the tasks a large number of the employees perform on a daily basis. The implementation also was not considered a continuous process with the opportunity to shape the workplace to accommodate a larger part of the organisation.

  • 249.
    Eliasson, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Skam och anknytning: Anknytningstypens samvariation med upplevelse och hantering av skam2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the relationship between shame and adult attachment. Both shame and attachment has in previous studies shown to be working-models whitch are made early in peoples life and which effects our self-image, selfesteem and how we relate och function together with other people.These inner working-models are relativly stable across life-span. With use of self-report, mesures of adult attachment and shame was made and the results showed a significant difference between the type of adult attachment and self-reported shame level. Secure attachment and unsecure/dissmissive attachment reported lower levels of shame in the self-reported messure Experience of Shame Scale ESS while the unsecure/fearful and unsecure/preoccupied reported higer  levels of shame in the self-reported messure Experience of Shame Scale ESS. This supportes previous studies made in attachment and shame. More reaserch is needed to, in a profound way, understand these komplex mechanisms.

  • 250.
    Eliasson, Ingegärd
    et al.
    Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Knez, Igor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Fredholm, Susanne
    Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Heritage Planning in Practice and the Role of Cultural Ecosystem Services2018In: Heritage & Society, ISSN 2159-032X, E-ISSN 2159-0338, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 44-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the role of cultural ecosystem services in heritage planning by examining daily working processes at the municipal and county planning levels. The focus was on the cultural ecosystem service dimensions of cultural heritage, place identity, and aesthetic and existential values. Cultural ecosystem service dimensions are currently inadequately represented in research and application of the ecosystem service concept. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with public officials with formal assignments directly related to heritage planning. The results show that cultural ecosystem services are indeed considered in the planning processes, even though the respondents did not actually use the ecosystem service approach. Despite institutional and methodological constraints, respondents were found to aim for a broad planning approach involving dimensions of the landscape such as historic time depth, human use of the landscape, place identity, landscape views, and a strong integration between culture and nature. Thus, the results indicate a potential for integration of cultural ecosystem service dimensions into the ecosystem service approach by utilizing existing knowledge and practices within heritage planning at the local and regional levels. © 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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