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  • 2501. Bullinger, M
    et al.
    Hygge, Staffan
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för inomhusmiljö.
    Evans, G W
    Meis, M
    von Mackensen, S
    The psychological cost of aircraft noise for children1999In: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0934-8859, Vol. 202, no 2-4, p. 127-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychological effects of aircraft noise exposure on children have only recently been addressed in the References. The current study took advantage of a natural experiment caused by the opening of a major new airport, exposing children in a formerly quiet area to aircraft noise. In this prospective longitudinal investigation, which employed nan-exposed control groups, effects of aircraft noise prior to and subsequent to inauguration of the new airport as well as effects of chronic noise and its reduction at the old airport (6 and 18 month post relocation), were studied in 326 children aged 9 to 13 years. The psychological health of children was investigated with a standardized quality of life scale as well as with a motivational measure derived from the Glass and Singer stress aftereffects paradigm. In addition a self report noise annoyance scale was used. In the children studied at the two airports over three time points, results showed a significant decrease of total quality of life 18 month after aircraft noise exposure as well as a motivational deficits operationalized by fewer attempts to solve insoluble puzzles in the new airport area. Parallel shifts in children's attributions for failure were also noted. At the old airport parallel impairments were present before the airport relocation but subsided there after. These findings are in accord with reports of impaired psychological health after noise exposure and indicate the relevance of monitoring psychological parameters as a function of environmental stressors among children.

  • 2502.
    Bunne, Tobias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Iversen, Per
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Avspecialisering som framgångskoncept för jämnare arbetsfördelning?2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The application of the LSS law and how the public organization (Municipality of Hudiksvall) later had to reform their organization to fit the new demands is the foundation to this master's thesis. An internal evaluation was performed due to this reorganisation process within the social care department (LSS unit). The aim was to investigate and evaluate if the reorganization resulted in a better working environment and if the work load (distribution of work) became more evenly divided between the different unit managing directors. The primary empirical information to this master's thesis is collected from that evaluation report. The main aim of this master’s thesis is to answer if the organisational choice between specialised or de-specialised working tasks has an effect (experienced and measured) on the level of stress among the unit managing directors. We have found that it is a question about moral stress rather than a question about stressed managing directors in general. In this thesis the definition of “moral stress” is the discrepancy between one persons ethical properties and the actions that person have to take due to appointed level of power and the responsibility that follows with this power. Our main recommendation is to find an organisational structure based on the premises of the LSS-law while at the same time attending to the problems of the more and more difficult working situation amongst the employees. This can be achieved by gaining approval for a new prioritizing order form the politicians, the clients, and the employees. Such a reformation process (Sw “omnormeringsprocess”) would imply less moral stress. If the managing directors have a basic employment as a generalist the working tasks will be more evenly divided amongst the employees. Teams of 5-7 employees that encompasses specially qualified generalist and that meets on a regular basis is essential to relieve pressure from colleagues. This is essential to be able to make the most out of the special knowledge of the directors. In the extension of this change the assistants should be included in the existing substitutes-pool and each assistant’s special competence should be clarified.

  • 2503.
    Burman, Agnes
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    "Löjligt, sjukt, perverst": en modern begreppshistorisk analys av perversion2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Perversion är ett negativt laddat begrepp som används för att beskriva personer eller företeelser som avviker från normen, oftast den sexuella. Jag undersöker vad, vem och vilka som kallas perversa i tidningen Expressen år 1966, 1986 och 2016, med syftet att synliggöra hur begreppets användningsområde har förändrats.

    Min metod har sina rötter i den begreppshistoriska teorin och är utvecklad av Reinhart Koselleck. Genom synkrona och diakrona analyser granskar man politisk-sociala begrepp och sammanhangen de brukas inom.

    Resultatet visar att bruket av begreppet som ett icke-sexuellt, värdeladdat ord har varit konstant. Det har också åsyftat ett varierande antal sexuella läggningar och uttryck, varav några finns närvarande under alla årtal. Min slutsats blir att det perversa inte nödvändigtvis förblir perverst: ibland brukas begreppet impulsivt, som en reaktion mot det vi inte är vana vid. Begreppets associationer med det förbjudna och tabubelagda förblir dock beständiga.

  • 2504.
    Burman, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Science.
    Är det inne med utomhuspedagogik?: En enkätundersökning om lärares inställningar till utomhuspedagogik2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet var att undersöka lärares inställningar till utomhuspedagogik. Genom att belysa möjligheter och redogöra för hinder för utomhuspedagogisk verksamhet kan arbetet inspirera och motivera lärare och lärarstudenter till att använda sig av utomhuspedagogik, samt skapa diskussion. Den datainsamlingsmetod som använts i detta arbete är en webbaserad enkätundersökning som distribuerats via mejl till skolor i Stockholm. Resultatet visar att samtliga lärare som svarade ser möjligheter med utomhuspedagogik där ökad förståelse, möjligheten att upptäcka och uppleva naturen samt hälsofrämjande aspekter är de mest framträdande. Resultatet visar att det största hindret är bristen på personal. Resultatet visar även att lärare på skolor i innerstaden, upplever närmiljön som ett större hinder än lärare på skolor utanför innerstaden. Min undersökning visar på flera möjligheter med utomhuspedagogisk verksamhet.

  • 2505.
    Burman, Joseph
    et al.
    Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden; Ecology Research Group, Canterbury Christ Church University, Canterbury, Kent, United Kingdom .
    Westerberg, Lars
    IFM Biology, Conservation Ecology Group, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Ostrow, Suzanne
    IFM Biology, Conservation Ecology Group, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Ryrholm, Nils
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Biology.
    Bergman, Karl-Olof
    IFM Biology, Conservation Ecology Group, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Winde, Inis
    Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden; Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden .
    Nyabuga, Franklin N.
    Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden; Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden .
    Larsson, Mattias C.
    Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden.
    Milberg, Per
    IFM Biology, Conservation Ecology Group, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Revealing hidden species distribution with pheromones: the case of Synanthedonvespiformis (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) in Sweden2016In: Journal of Insect Conservation, ISSN 1366-638X, E-ISSN 1572-9753, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 11-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Synanthedonvespiformis L. (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) is considered a rare insect in Sweden, discovered in 1860, with only a few observations recorded until a sex pheromone attractant became available recently. This study details a national survey conducted using pheromones as a sampling method for this species. Through pheromone trapping we captured 439 specimens in Southern Sweden at 77 sites, almost tripling the number of previously reported records for this species. The results suggest that S. vespiformis is truly a rare species with a genuinely scattered distribution, but can be locally abundant. Habitat analyses were conducted in order to test the relationship between habitat quality and the number of individuals caught. In Sweden, S. vespiformis is thought to be associated with oak hosts, but our attempts to predict its occurrence by the abundance of oaks yielded no significant relationships. We therefore suggest that sampling bias and limited knowledge on distribution may have led to the assumption that this species is primarily reliant on oaks in the northern part of its range, whereas it may in fact be polyphagous, similar to S. vespiformis found as an agricultural pest in Central and Southern Europe. We conclude that pheromones can massively enhance sampling potential for this and other rare lepidopteran species. Large-scale pheromone-based surveys provide a snapshot of true presences and absences across a considerable part of a species national distribution range, and thus for the first time provide a viable means of systematically assessing changes in distribution over time with high spatiotemporal resolution.

  • 2506.
    Burman, Sophia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Elfsberg, Joa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Att uppleva Washington Capitals: ett framgångsrikt företag inom upplevelseekonomin2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our objective of the thesis is to investigate how the Washington Capitals strategically works to create experiences in the context of hockey games and the surrounding events.

    • How does the Washington Capitals create experiences?
    • Is there anything to learn from the Washington Capitals experience strategy?
    • Can their way of work be linked to theories about the experience economy?

     

    Method: Secondary data such as printed sources and books, previous studies and articles.We conducted a qualitative field study in Washington D.C. We interviewed people at the organization of Washington Capitals and carried out participant and non-participant observations at headquarters and in the arena at game events.

     

    Results & Conclusions: Washington Capitals are definitely working with experience economy, this is something that others could learn from. Washington Capitals are not working by any experience economy theories, they had never heard the term previously. However, their way of work is in line with the experience economy theories.

     

    Suggestions for future research: The presentation of this study is limited since it is difficult to highlight events that create impression by writing. A similar study could favourably be presented by a movie. To obtain a better understanding of why the audience attend hockey games further studies could be done about the audience's motivation factors, both in Sweden and in the U.S.. Further studies could also be done in collaboration with a Swedish sports club to test the theoretical methods in reality. 

     

    Contribution of the thesis: The essay can provide concrete examples of how a sports organization can work to create experiences in the context of their sporting events.

  • 2507.
    Burman, Sophia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi. University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Elfsberg, Joa
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi. University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Bruksanvisning eller Screw it do it: Elitkortet när dröm ska bli verklighet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Girls generally have poorer economic conditions in sports, in comparison with boys, something we have experienced ourselves since we’ve been active in high level for a long time. Angelica Lorsell told us about a business idea, which could benefit the elite athlete girls. The idea is to convey a membership card, "Elitkortet", where different partners offering targeted discounts that would make life easier for elite athlete girls. Angelica wished for comments and helps to successfully implement this concept. Our purpose in this essay is to make the dream of starting a business activity Elitkortet and what is required of us as entrepreneurs to make this come true. The literature describes certain traits that an entrepreneur should have in order to succeed, performance requirements, risk appetite and control needs. It’s important to write down the business concept to help set goals to strive for. If the entrepreneur has previous experience in the industry the new company will work within and it counts as a big advantage. There is no necessity to have a new product, by developing an "old" product or aiming a new target group you can succeed anyways. We started with various theories about business plans and have decided to create our own, Elitkortet business plan, which includes; business idea, product, manufacturing and technology, marketing plan, financing and financial spreadsheets, owners and organization, and risk analysis. In our empirical study we have gathered information about a possible start-up of the Elitkortet, and drafted a business plan for the Elitkortet. We have sought the information over the Internet, telephone, email, interviews, and went to counselling and on a start-up your own business course. To get a better picture about entrepreneurship, we have chosen to interview two entrepreneurs who started their businesses under different conditions. We’ve also described our feelings generated in the meetings with various instances and the people we’ve met. We have found that we could make our dream come true and start our company today. It is possible, both technically and organizationally, however, we don’t know if we are sufficiently risk-prone and willing to spend the time and effort required of us.

  • 2508.
    Burmeister, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Perceptions of physical activity among ethnic minority women in Sweden.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2509.
    Burström, Bo
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Öberg, Lisa
    Södertörns högskola.
    Bernhardt, Eva
    Stockholm universitet.
    Smedman, Lars
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Barnadödlighet, fattigdom och sanitära reformer2003In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 80, no 3, p. 209-215Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2510.
    Burström, Bo
    et al.
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Öberg, Lisa
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Bernhardt, Eva
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Smedman, Lars
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Equitable Child Health Interventions: The Impact of Improved Water and Sanitation on Inequalities in Child Mortality in Stockholm, 1878 to 19252005In: American Journal of Public Health, ISSN 0090-0036, E-ISSN 1541-0048, Vol. 95, no 2, p. 208-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, many of the 10 million childhood deaths each year are caused by diseases of poverty—diarrhea and pneumonia, for example, which were previously major causes of childhood death in many European countries. Specific analyses of the historical decline of child mortality may shed light on the potential equity impact of interventions to reduce child mortality.

    In our study of the impact of improved water and sanitation in Stockholm from 1878 to 1925, we examined the decline in overall and diarrhea mortality among children, both in general and by socioeconomic group. We report a decline in overall mortality and of diarrhea mortality and a leveling out of socioeconomic differences in child mortality due to diarrheal diseases, but not of overall mortality. The contribution of general and targeted policies is discussed.

     

  • 2511.
    Burström, Lage
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lundström, Ronnie
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sjödin, Fredrik
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Asta
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindkvist, Markus
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Mats
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Thor
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Acute effects of vibration on thermal perception thresholds2008In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 81, no 5, p. 603-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective This study focuses on the acute effects of vibration and how vibrations influence the measures of the thermal perception thresholds during different vibration magnitudes, frequencies, and durations.

    Methods The fingers of ten healthy subjects, five males and five females, were exposed to vibration under 16 conditions with a combination of different frequency, intensity and exposure time. The vibration frequency was 31.5 and 125 Hz and exposure lasted between 2 and 16 min. The energy-equivalent frequency weighted acceleration, according to ISO 5349-1, for the experimental time of 16 min was 2.5 or 5.0 m/s(2) (r.m.s.), corresponding to a 8-h equivalent acceleration, A(8) of 0.46 and 0.92 m/s(2), respectively. A measure of the thermal perception of cold and warmth was conducted before the different exposures to vibration. Immediately after the vibration exposure the acute effect was measured continuously on the exposed index finger for the first 75 s, followed by 30 s of measures at every minute for a maximum of 10 min. If the subject's thermal thresholds had not recovered, the measures continued for a maximum of 30 min with measurements taken every 5 min.

    Results For all experimental conditions and 30 s after exposure, the mean changes of the thresholds compared with the pre-test were found to be 0.05 and -0.67C for the warmth and cold thresholds, respectively. The effect of the vibration exposure was only significant on the cold threshold and only for the first minute after exposure when the threshold was decreased. The warmth threshold was not significantly affected at all. The frequency and the exposure time of the vibration stimuli had no significant influence on the perception thresholds for the sensation of cold or warmth. Increased equivalent frequency weighted acceleration resulted in a significant decrease of the subjects' cold threshold, not the warmth. The thresholds were unaffected when changes in the vibration magnitude were expressed as the frequency weighted acceleration or the unweighted acceleration.

    Conclusion When testing for the thermotactile thresholds, exposure to vibration on the day of a test might influence the results. Until further knowledge is obtained the previous praxis of 2 h avoidance of vibration exposure before assessment is recommended.

  • 2512.
    Burström, Lage
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lundström, Ronnie
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sjödin, Fredrik
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Asta
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindkvist, Markus
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Mats
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Thor
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Acute effects of vibration on thermal perception thresholds2006In: Diagnosis of injuries caused by hand-transmitted vibration - 2nd International workshop, Göteborg, 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective This study focuses on the acute effects of vibration and how vibrations influence the measures of the thermal perception thresholds during different vibration magnitudes, frequencies, and durations.

    Methods The fingers of ten healthy subjects, five males and five females, were exposed to vibration under 16 conditions with a combination of different frequency, intensity and exposure time. The vibration frequency was 31.5 and 125 Hz and exposure lasted between 2 and 16 min. The energy-equivalent frequency weighted acceleration, according to ISO 5349-1, for the experimental time of 16 min was 2.5 or 5.0 m/s(2) (r.m.s.), corresponding to a 8-h equivalent acceleration, A(8) of 0.46 and 0.92 m/s(2), respectively. A measure of the thermal perception of cold and warmth was conducted before the different exposures to vibration. Immediately after the vibration exposure the acute effect was measured continuously on the exposed index finger for the first 75 s, followed by 30 s of measures at every minute for a maximum of 10 min. If the subject's thermal thresholds had not recovered, the measures continued for a maximum of 30 min with measurements taken every 5 min.

    Results For all experimental conditions and 30 s after exposure, the mean changes of the thresholds compared with the pre-test were found to be 0.05 and -0.67C for the warmth and cold thresholds, respectively. The effect of the vibration exposure was only significant on the cold threshold and only for the first minute after exposure when the threshold was decreased. The warmth threshold was not significantly affected at all. The frequency and the exposure time of the vibration stimuli had no significant influence on the perception thresholds for the sensation of cold or warmth. Increased equivalent frequency weighted acceleration resulted in a significant decrease of the subjects' cold threshold, not the warmth. The thresholds were unaffected when changes in the vibration magnitude were expressed as the frequency weighted acceleration or the unweighted acceleration.

    Conclusion When testing for the thermotactile thresholds, exposure to vibration on the day of a test might influence the results. Until further knowledge is obtained the previous praxis of 2 h avoidance of vibration exposure before assessment is recommended.

  • 2513.
    Burénius, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Eriksson, Caroline
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Små fastighetsägares strategival2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfter är att kartlägga hur fastighetsägare som har uthyrningsverksamhet enligt begreppet mikroföretag, använder sig av strategiskt tänkande och vilka strategiska val de gör.

  • 2514.
    Buske, Elias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Fuktegenskaper hos Quartzene impregnerat med salter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Svenska Aerogel AB has developed the material Quartzene® which is of the typeprecipitated silica and contains calcium - magnesium silicate ((Ca, Mg) SiO3). Thematerial is used for molecular filtration of contaminated air. Qartzene™, which is inpellet form, is porous and has a high internal surface which is a requirement for themolecular filtration. With the use of various impregnations, filtration can affect thedesired outcome. As an example Quartzene® can be impregnated with Potassiumhydroxide and clear the air of Sulfur dioxide, SO2 (Svenska Aerogel AB, n.d).Svenska Aerogel AB has developed Quartzene® further and new areas of application hasarosee, one of these areas is how the material function within dehumidification. Thepurpose of this study is to research and analyze how different impregnation salts effecthow Quartzene® function in terms of moisture absorption and moisture desorption.Quartzene® is a hygroscopic material, which is a material that easily absorbs and exudatesmoisture from the air. Materials with high porosity absorb moisture by adsorption andcapillary condensation. A hygroscopic material strives for equilibrium with ambientenvironment which is illustrated in a sorption curve where moisture absorption is set inrelation to relative humidity. In this study the jar method is used to measure moistureabsorption, this is shown with the use of sorption curves. The jar method uses saturatesalt solutions to create environments whit a set relative humidity. Quartzene® – pellets areplaced in jars and weighed at regular intervals to determine the moisture absorption.The results of this study indicate that impregnations affect the way that Quartzene®function in terms of moisture absorption and moisture desorption. Some of theimpregnations affect the material to absorb more moisture than Quartzene® that has notbeen impregnated, while others affect the material to absorb less moisture. The resultsalso show that sodium – based impregnation gives similar results as Quartzene® that hasnot been impregnated.

  • 2515.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    An X-ray emission spectroscopy study of CO adsorbed on Ni(100) and Cu(100)1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2516.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    C1s and O1s gas phase shake-up spectra from Mo(CO)61993Report (Other academic)
  • 2517.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    CO adsorption on Cu(100) systems: A theoretical shake-up study1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2518.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    CO Adsorption on Cu(l00) Systems: A Theoretical Shake-Up Study1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2519.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences. Natur.
    Computational studies of core level XPS satellites in transition metal systems: Department of Quantum Chemistry, Uppsala University1995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Upon core ionization of a free molecule or a molecule adsorbed on a metal surface, higher binding energy satellites are observed, so called "shake-up" satellites, which can be viewed as valence excitations simultaneously to the creation of the core hole. In this thesis, theoretical studies of such core level XPS satellites in transition metal systems are presented, as well as cluster calculations of XES spectra, using the quantum mechanical INDO method. The main motivation of these studies is to get a more detailed understanding of the bonding between the adsorbed molecules and the metal and the screening process accompanying the creation of the core hole. This interest is motivated by fundamental questions about the adsorbate-substrate interaction as well as technical applications, such as catalysis.

    It has been found that many aspects of extended adsorbate systems, where CO is coordinated to metal atoms, can be modelled by transition metal carbonyls such as Mo(CO)6, Cr(CO)6 and Ni(CO)4. The bonding between the core ionized CO group and the transition metal, consists of an interaction between, on the one hand, the sigma lone pair of the ligand and, on the other hand, the metal d-orbitals and the CO antibonding pi-star orbital of the CO-group, i.e. a sigma donation from the ligand and pi donation from the metal. It is the changes in this bonding which are responsible for the dominant features of the shake-up spectra in the studied model molecules. The main conclusion of the three abovementioned case studies is that new excitations involving charge transfer from the metal to the ionized ligand occur with significant probability in the metal carbonyls, in addition to the internal excitations present also in free CO.

    In extending the model towards larger systems, calculations of CO/Ni(100), N2//Ni(100), CO/Cu(100) and benzene/Cu(100) were undertaken, where the metal surface was modelled by clusters of 1-12 metal atoms. Many of the features from the metal carbonyls are found also in these systems. The most important added feature is the presence of high-intensity metal-metal excitations, which mainly affect the shape of the main line.

    Ground state cluster calculations were performed to explain the XES spectra of CO adsorbed on Ni(100) and Cu(100) surfaces. It was found that the calculations reproduce the important characteristics of the experimental spectra, and were used as a support for the assignments of the involved states.

  • 2520.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Review of : A first course in computational physics: by PL DeVries, Wiley1995In: Elementa : tidskrift för matematik, fysik och kemi, ISSN 0013-5933, Vol. 78, p. 105-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2521.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Review of : Physics by computer. Programming of physical problems using Mathematica and C: by CW Kinzel/G Reents, Springer-Verlag1999In: Elementa : tidskrift för matematik, fysik och kemi, ISSN 0013-5933, Vol. 82, p. 100-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2522.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Review of : Physics experiments using PC's: by Ed H Staudenmaier, Springer-Verlag1995In: Elementa : tidskrift för matematik, fysik och kemi, ISSN 0013-5933, Vol. 78, p. 105-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2523.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Review of : Physics with answers, 500 problems and solutions: by AR King/O Regev, Cambridge Univ. Press1999In: Elementa : tidskrift för matematik, fysik och kemi, ISSN 0013-5933, Vol. 82, p. 97-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2524.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Review of : Problems in Quantum Mechanics: by GL Squires, Cambridge Univ. Press1996In: Elementa : tidskrift för matematik, fysik och kemi, ISSN 0013-5933, Vol. 79, p. 168-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2525.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Review of : Quantum mechanics on the personal computer: by Brandt/ HD Dahmen, Springer-Verlag1989In: Elementa : tidskrift för matematik, fysik och kemi, ISSN 0013-5933, Vol. 75, p. 33-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2526.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Review of : Second quantized approach to quantum mechanics: by PR Surjan, Springer-Verlag 19891989In: Elementa : tidskrift för matematik, fysik och kemi, ISSN 0013-5933, Vol. 75, p. 40-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2527.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Review of: Quantum mechanics on the Macintosh by S Brandt/HD Dahmen, Springer-Verlag1993In: Elementa : tidskrift för matematik, fysik och kemi, ISSN 0013-5933, Vol. 76, no 103Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2528.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Shake-Up Structures Calculated with the INDO/CI Method: CO Adsorbed on Ni(100) Clusters1996Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the chemisorption system CO/Ni(100), a comparison between available high resolution core level photoelectron spectra and spectra calculated by the INDO/CI method done for different nickel cluster sizes. A reassignment of some of the satellites is made. It is found that the asymmetry and the broadening of the main line mainly depends on substrate-substrate excitations, predominantly from the d-band to the s-band within the nickelsubstrate.

  • 2529.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Shake-up structures calculated with the INDO/CI method: CO adsorbed on Ni(100) clusters1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2530.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences. Natur.
    Shake-up studies of model systems for adsorbates: Department of Quantum Chemistry, Uppsala University1993Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Shake-up studies of model systems for adsorbates are presented. The molecule CO adsorbed on transition metal surfaces belong to one of the most studied systems in surface science. The interest is motivated by fundamental questions about the adsorbate-substrate interaction as well as technical applications, such as catalysis. A good starting point in order to get more detailed understanding of the CO-metal interaction is to study the transition metal carbonyls, where CO is coordinated to metal atoms. It has been found that many aspects of the adsorbate systems can be modelled by these molecules. These are the main reasons for studying the molecules Mo(CO)6 and Cr(CO)6, for which results are reported in this thesis.

  • 2531.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Theoretical Shake-Up Studies of N2 Adsorbed on Ni(100) Clusters1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2532.
    Bustad, Johnny
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Theoretical shake-up studies of N2 adsorbed on Ni(100) clusters1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2533.
    Bustad, Johnny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Enkvist, C
    Lundell, S
    Svensson, S
    Theoretical study of core ionized Cr(CO)61995In: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 233-244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The satellite structure of the Cls and Ols photoelectron spectra of chromium hexacarbonyl Cr(CO)(6) has been calculated by the INDO/CI method and compared with available high resolution core level photoelectron spectra. A reassignment of some of the lines is made. It is found that the satellite structure in both cases is dominated by excitations from metal-ligand bonding to metal-ligand antibonding Me(3d)-pi* orbitals, and that these shake-up excitations involve a significant charge transfer to the core ionized ligand from the rest of the molecule.

  • 2534.
    Bustad, Johnny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Enkvist, C
    Lunell, S
    Tillborg, H
    Nilsson, A
    Osborne, S
    Sandell, A
    Martensson, N
    Svensson, S
    C1s and O1s gas phase shake-up spectra from Mo(CO)61994In: Chemical Physics, ISSN 0301-0104, E-ISSN 1873-4421, Vol. 179, no 3, p. 303-312Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experimental high-resolution core photoelectron C1s and O1s shake-up spectra of molybdenum hexacarbonyl, Mo(CO)(6), are reported and compared with results of semiempirical INDO/CI calculations. Several hitherto unobserved peaks are identified and assigned. It is found that an intra- and inter-group classification can be used to describe the transitions. The transitions of lowest energy have Mo-CO inter-group character. Dynamical effects on the line widths of the experimental shake-up peaks are discussed. A discussion of the relevance of experimental results obtained for the Mo(CO)(6)e for CO adsorption on metal surfaces is presented.

  • 2535.
    Bustad, Johnny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Lun, Sten
    A theoretical study of the C1s shake-up spectrum of Benzene adsorbed on Copper(100) surfaces1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2536.
    Bustad, Johnny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Lunell, C
    Semi-empirical configurational interaction calculation of shake-up satellites in Ni(CO)41998In: International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, ISSN 0020-7608, E-ISSN 1097-461X, International journal of Quantum Chemistry, Vol. 69, no 5, p. 649-657Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INDO/CI calculations were used to analyze the C1s and O1s shake-up spectra of nickel tetracarbonyl, Ni(CO)4. The satellite structure in both cases is dominated by excitations from metal–ligand bonding (2Πb) to metal–ligand antibonding (2Πa) orbitals and by excitations within the core-ionized CO molecule, ΠCO—Π*CO.

  • 2537.
    Bustad, Johnny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Lunell, Sten
    Semi-empirical configurational interaction calculations of XPS shake-up satellites in Ni(CO)₄1996Report (Other academic)
  • 2538.
    Bustad, Johnny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Lunell, Sten
    Semi-Empirical Configurational Interaction Calculations of XPS Shake-Up Satellites in Ni(CO)41996Report (Other academic)
  • 2539.
    Butler, Andrew
    et al.
    Faculty of Landscape and Society, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.
    Knez, Igor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Psychology.
    Åkerskog, Ann
    Field Forest Research Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sarlöv Herlin, Ingrid
    Institutionen för landskapsarkitektur, planering och förvaltning, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden.
    Ode Sang, Åsa
    Institutionen för landskapsarkitektur, planering och förvaltning, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden.
    Ångman, Elin
    Institutionen för Stad och Land, Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Foraging for identity: the relationships between landscape activities and landscape identity after catastrophic landscape change2019In: Landscape research, ISSN 0142-6397, E-ISSN 1469-9710, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 303-319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we deal with landscape activities in relation to changing landscape identity after a major wildfire in Sweden in 2014. The aim was to investigate the relationships between 22 landscape activities (before the fire) and 2 components (emotion and cognition) of landscape identity (before and after the fire). A total of 656 respondents living nearby the fire area participated in this study. Before the fire, a positive association was found between the activities of enjoying nature and foraging, and both components of landscape identity. This suggests that the more participants enjoyed nature and picked berries and mushrooms, the stronger their attachment to the landscape (emotion), and the more they remembered and reasoned about the landscape (cognition). Post fire, these relationships were found only between the two components of landscape identity and foraging. This implies a significant role of this type of activity for keeping alive' landscape identity.

  • 2540.
    Butler, Andrew
    et al.
    Institutionen för Stad och Land, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; Faculty of Landscape and Society, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.
    Sarlöv-Herlin, Ingrid
    Institutionen för landskapsarkitektur, planering och förvaltning, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Knez, Igor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Ångman, Elin
    Institutionen för Stad och Land, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ode Sang, Åsa
    Institutionen för landskapsarkitektur, planering och förvaltning, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Åkerskog, Ann
    FieldForest Research Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Landscape identity, before and after a forest fire2018In: Landscape research, ISSN 0142-6397, E-ISSN 1469-9710, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 878-889Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our identity is tied to where we are and how we engage with the landscapes in which we find ourselves. But what happens if the landscape which we use for our everyday life is drastically altered by a catastrophic upheaval, for example, when forest fires ravage the landscape? In this paper, interviews with individuals affected by the largest forest fire in modern Swedish history are used to exemplify our conceptualisation of how landscape identity is impacted by dramatic change. We address the phases of stability, change and progression in relation to the case. Finally, we propose that landscape identity can be utilised as a central concept for engaging with the social aspects of the impact of forest fires.

  • 2541.
    Bygdén, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Östman, Hannah
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Frågor som bjuder in till fri återberättelse eller frågor med riktade svar?: en kvalitativ studie om förhörsledares sätt att nyttja olika kommunikativa strategier i förhör.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet genomfördes som en kvalitativ studie, vars syfte var att undersöka hur förhörsledare använde olika typer av frågor vid förhör med vittnen, målsägande samt misstänkta gärningspersoner. Resultatet baserades på 44 stycken dialogförhör som analyserades med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys där resultatet visade att språket används taktiskt för att uppnå olika mål i olika kontexter. Generellt formulerade sig förhörsledarna i störst utsträckning med specifika- eller slutna ja- och nej frågor. Varav den förstnämnda användes för att utröna detaljer kring brottet och den sistnämnda för att verifiera olika faktorer. En slutsats var att det fanns olika mål med förhörssituationen som ledde till att förhörsledarens sätt att ställa frågor anpassades efter dessa. Var målet att införskaffa information, användes frågor som benämns som specifika och berättande för att samla in så mycket och viktig information som möjligt. Eftersträvades det att fråga ut en individ, präglades istället språket av mer styrda frågor.

  • 2542.
    Bylund, Alexandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Graham, Louise
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Att kommunicera genom logotyp: ”The boobie necklace effect”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The design of a logo is of great importance to the company's identity, but it is equallyimportant for a company to have a logo that can convey their message to the consumer aswell. The purpose of this paper was thus to analyze how the atmospheric stimuli-variables,colour, typography and symbol affect the customer's perception of the logo's intendedcustomer messages within service companies.

    Method: This work was based on “mixed methods”, which is a combination of qualitativeand quantitative research methods. The empirical survey was conducted through foursemistructured interviews and an online survey was conducted. The information obtainedfrom the interviews was used to design the survey, and the population that the survey coveredamounted to approximately 5,695 respondents. Then, surveyed questionnaires were analyzedusing a correlation analysis and a cluster analysis, created in the SPSS-program, compared toprevious theory and corporate interviews.

    Result & Conclusions: Companies can have messages with good motivations behind them,but despite that it is difficult for respondents to perceive them through just one logo. Therefore, it is possible that more than a single logo is needed for these messages to reach allthe way, for example with a symbol or slogan. Respondents perceive a logo as easier toremember the times the colour stands out, the font is "beyond the usual" or when the logocontains a symbol.

    Contribution of the thesis: The study's implementation has added both practical andtheoretical contributions, especially in research related to colour and typography in logotypes.Among other things, the survey has shown that companies with good reflection and wellmotivatedchoices can convey several messages and their business idea to consumers. Thisshows that it is not only corporate physical activity that is important, but as much is perceivedin the company's graphic marketing towards consumers.

    Suggestions for future research: To carry out further studies on the atmospheric stimulivariables colour, typography and symbols in the graphic profile is needed. To investigatewhich colours classified as warm, cold and neutral in different areas, such as Sweden, Nordiccountries, Scandinavia and Europe, would been relevant. Similarly, examination of the extentto which fonts of normal thickness and fat thickness affect readability would be interesting.

  • 2543.
    Bylund, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Pettersson, Jennie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Hävstångsinstrument: en lönsam investering för småsparare2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka finansiella institutioners syn på hävstångsinstrument och utifrån detta utreda om instrumenten är ett bra investeringsalternativ för småsparare.

    Metod: Uppsatsen har en kvalitativ inriktning då tre intervjuer har genomförts för att besvara syftet. De finansiella institutionerna som intervjuades är Handelsbanken, CMC Markets och SIP Nordic fondkommission. Vidare har studien en deduktiv infallsvinkel där teorier används som grund för det empiriska materialet. Utifrån intervjuer och tidigare studier har en slutsats sedan utformats för att besvara syftet.

    Resultat & Slutsats: Uppsatsens resultat talar för att hävstångsinstrumenten är ett bra alternativ för småsparare som är intresserade, risktoleranta och aktivt söker kunskap. Småspa­rare som har dessa egenskaper och dessutom har ett bra kompletterande sparande kan därför med fördel investera i dessa instrument. För småsparare som inte har den risktolerans och kunskap som krävs för ett lyckat resultat, kan dock andra sparalternativ vara ett bättre val.

    Förslag till fortsatt forskning: Då resultatet av denna uppsats är baserat på finansiella institutioners syn på hävstångsinstrument, vore det intressant att utreda samma sak men att då basera det empiriska materialet på intervjuer eller enkäter med småsparare som använder instrumenten. Detta skulle i sådana fall ge forskaren svar på hur instrumenten uppfattas av småspararna själva.

    Uppsatsens bidrag: Tidigare forskning inom detta område finns enbart i liten utsträckning. Därmed bidrar vår studie med att öka kunskapen om hävstångsinstrument. Uppsatsen ger en bred bild av hävstångsinstrument som sparalternativ och bidrar med att ge en förståelse för vilka hävstångsinstrumenten passar till.

  • 2544.
    Bylund, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Pettersson, Jennie
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Premiepensionen: ger ett aktivt val en högre pension?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to compare if being an active premium pension saver give rise to higher future payments, than keeping the capital in the Premium Savings Fund.

    This essay has a deductive approach, as we started to study financial theories. It also has a quantitative research, since our calculations are called statistical data, which are composed of these financial theories. Previous studies and calculations are used to prove our essay.

    The best investment strategy with the highest future payments, regarding risk preferences, turned out to be the active choice. All the choices an active premium pension saver can make by choose one of our different portfolios, has proved higher future payments, than The Premium Pension Fund. Further, the Premium Savings Fund is one of alternatives which have a lower return, regarding to the high level of risk.

    It would be interesting to remake this study, when the new funds "generationsfonderna" has been introduced, and to see if this alternative leads to higher future payments.

    This study contributes, through substantial examples, what some other writers already have done. A non-active premium pension saver gets lower future payments then the active savers.

  • 2545.
    Bylund, Jennie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Education.
    Storm, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Education.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress i förskolan: En enkätstudie om förskollärares upplevelser och erfarenheter kring arbetsrelaterad stress i förskolan.2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie kommer att behandla förskollärares upplevelser och deras beskrivningar om arbetsrelaterad stress i förskolans verksamhet. Studien kommer även undersöka hur förskollärare upplever att arbetsrelaterad stress påverkar deras förutsättningar till att genomföra sitt uppdrag. Arbetsrelaterad stress i förskolan diskuteras flitigt i sociala medier, förskoleupproret, i artiklar och mellan verksamma förskollärare.

    Studien kommer utgå från ett psykosocialt perspektiv där krav, stöd och kontroll-modellen används för att analysera resultatet. Metoden som använts i undersökningen är en enkät där verksamma förskollärare från en kommun i norra Sverige fått svara på  9st frågor kopplade till arbetsrelaterad stress. Av cirka 60 potentiella respondenter var det 17 stycken som medverkade i studien. Svaren har sedan sammanställts och fem olika kategorier kunde arbetas fram.

    Det som framgår i resultatet är att en hög andel av respondenterna upplever en stress i sitt yrke och att stressen ökat då förskolans läroplan förnyats, vilket enligt respondenterna beror på att arbetskraven och ansvarsområdena blivit större. Det framkommer även i resultatet att förskollärare får hitta egna lösningar för att få vardagen på förskolan att gå ihop. Många upplever trötthet, humörsvängningar, sömnlöshet och sjukdomar. Barngruppen blir påverkad av att personalen inte hinner med allt som ska göras och i vissa fall väljs barngruppen bort för att annat är viktigare. Undersökning lyfter fram att barngruppernas storlek och för få förskollärare/barnskötare är de största bidragande faktorerna till att förskollärarna upplever stress i sitt yrke.

  • 2546.
    Bylund, Markus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Isaksson, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Utmaningar vid implementering av intern marknadsföring i fastighetsmäklarföretags verksamhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Title: Challenges in the implementation of internal marketing in the real estate brokerage businessLevel: Bachelor, Business AdministrationAuthor: Markus BylundAnna IsakssonSupervisor: Agneta SundströmDate: 2013, May

    Introduction: For businesses to succeed and to get satisfied customers, they need to meet their expectations. The companies make promises to customers through external marketing, internal marketing needs to ensure that personnel have the tools required to deliver what is promised. Competition is increasing and hence the customer requirements have to be met. Through the implementation of internal marketing, companies can strengthen staff skills and motivation to perform a more committed and effective work, both internal and during customer contacts.

    Aim: The aim of this paper is to understand the implementation and the importance of internal marketing in service companies. Through our in-depth knowledge of the subject, from a theoretical and practical perspective, we will hopefully be able to convey the challenges businesses face when implementing internal marketing.

    Method: This paper is to achieve a greater understanding of the studied subject. We apply a qualitative approach with an inductive view. The empirical data were collected through semi structured interviews with the real estate brokerage companies three different categories of staff at office level. A deepening in the literature and previous research has been applied to create a base for the interview questions we ask in the collection of the empirical data, and to seek answers to our research questions.

    Discussion: The paper shows that internal marketing is applied in varying degrees along the company's environment relating to, for example the degree of cooperation and leadership. We can see the effects of the type of salary model that exists, positive and negative in relation to the work of internal marketing. We can also see that the concept of internal marketing is unknown to the respondents, but the processes in the concept, however, is used. Problems with implementing internal marketing can we see are related to, forexample, personnel stress levels when they risk loss of income. Another problem is lack of management support regarding individual and shared goals and evaluating outcomes.

    Future research: The paper examines conditions at office level, future research could extend the analysis by examining the management of the company and its impact on internal marketing.

    Contribution: The thesis highlights a theoretical contribution to the usefulness of adapting the implementation of various payroll models and with new forms of education. The practical contribution demonstrates the potential of increasing cooperation and well-being in a competitive industry with recognized individual work.

    Key words: internal marketing, co-operation, commitment, motivation, human resource management, customer loyalty, customer value, service quality, customer relations

  • 2547.
    Bylund, Rakel
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Löfstrand, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Samverkan, en magisk uppkomst?: En studie kring skolkuratorers och lärares upplevelser av samverkan och förutsättningar för samverkan inom skolan.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illustrate school counselors´ and teachers´ experience of cooperation between their professions, what conditions there are for this cooperation given by work situation, employers and education and how these conditions can develop. Four school counselors and two primary school teachers were interviewed in a qualitative study. The results show that the informants want to cooperate but possibilities for this are limited, mainly due to staff shortages, and time constraints. These shortcomings also lead to limited possibilities for health promoting and preventive work because the remedial work needs to be done. Conditions given by education programs for cooperation between professions appears to be inadequate. This study contributes with suggestions on how professionals think that the conditions for cooperation between different school professions can be developed, both at the workplace but also during their education.

  • 2548.
    Bylund, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors och Distriktsköterskors erfarenheter av telefonrådgivning: En systematisk litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Telefonen är ett kommunikativ redskap som till fortsatt stor del användas idag, när personer ute i samhället behöver hälso-och sjukvårdsråd. Man kan definiera telefonrådgivning som praxis att tillhandahålla en komponent av telefonrådgivning som fokuserar på att bedöma, prioritera och referera till korrekt vårdnivå samt att identifiera orsaken och skyndsamheten av vårdsökarens behov. Svårigheter med telefonrådgivning för sjuksköterskor kan vara att man inte ser patienten som man samtalar med Syfte: Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskors och distriktsköterskors erfarenheter av telefonrådgivning. Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie genomfördes med databassökningar i Cinahl och Pubmed. Studien består av 12 vetenskapliga artiklar av kvalitativ, kvantitativ och mixmetod ansatts. Artiklarnas innehåll hade kritiskt granskat utifrån deras relevans mot syftet. Resultat: Tre övergripande kategorier framkom: Erfarenheter av kommunikation, Erfarenheter av krävande patientmöten och Erfarenheter av organisationen samt 12 subkategorier som belyser dessa svårigheter. Diskussion: I resultat så framkom det olika aspekter som telefonrådgivningssjuksköterskan fick hantera i samband med telefonrådgivningstillfället. Telefonrådgivningssjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att lyssna och ställa öppna medicinska frågor belystes som en bidragande faktor till att säkerhetsställa att korrekt information blivit utbytt mellan parterna. Det fanns många faktorer som kunde försvåra telefonrådgivningssamtalet så som krävande patienten men också telefonrådgivningssjuksköterskans egen arbetsmiljö. Slutsatser: Telefonrådgivningssjuksköterskornas erfarenheter av att arbeta med telefonrådgivning är att det förekommer många patientmöten som medför svårigheter för telefonrådgivningssjuksköterskan att hantera.

  • 2549.
    Bylund-Grenklo, Tove
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science. Department of Oncology Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Werkander-Harstäde, Carina
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Växjö, Sweden; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Sandgren, Anna
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Växjö, Sweden; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Benzein, Eva
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden .
    Östlund, Ulrika
    Centre for Research and Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle; Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health Sciences, Örebro University; Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Dignity in life and care: The perspectives of Swedish patients in a palliative care context2019In: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 193-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: How patients preserve their sense of dignity in life is an important area of palliative care that remains to be explored. Aims: To describe patients' perspectives of what constitutes a dignified life within a palliative care context. Methods: Twelve palliative care patients were interviewed about their views on living with dignity. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: What constitutes a dignified life during end-of-life care was captured by the theme 'I may be ill but I am still a human being' and presented under the categories 'preserving my everyday life and personhood', 'having my human value maintained by others through 'coherence' and 'being supported by society at large'. Conclusion: Patients' sense of dignity can be preserved by their own attitudes and behaviours, by others and through public support. Health professionals need to adopt a dignity-conserving approach, for which awareness of their own attitudes and behaviours is crucial. 

  • 2550.
    Byman, Christian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Att inkludera elever med rörelsehinder i idrottsundervisningen: en kvalitativ intervjustudie2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen var att ta reda på hur idrottslärare på högstadiet definierar ordet inklusion och hur idrottslärarna inkluderar elever med rörelsehinder i den vanliga idrottsundervisningen. För att lyfta fram elevens röst, så var även syftet med denna undersökning att ta reda på hur det är att vara med på idrottsundervisningen, sett från en rörelsehindrad elevs perspektiv. 

     

    Fyra idrottslärare och en elev som sitter i rullstol har genom kvalitativa intervjuer visat att lärarna anser att inkludering är någonting centralt och viktigt i dagens idrottsundervisning. Idrottslärarna i studien hade liknande definitioner av inklusion och menade att det är viktigt att hela tiden kunna anpassa undervisningen så att eleverna kan utvecklas utifrån sina egna förutsättningar. Lärarna gav som exempel att under till exempel orienteringsmomentet så fick eleven orientera på en stadsbana där underlaget var mer anpassat för rullstol. Eleven i undersökningen beskrev att denne aldrig känt sig utanför på idrottslektionen och förklarade vikten av att ha en bra dialog tillsammans med sin idrottslärare.

     

    Alla idrottslärare som deltog i studien var medvetna om vilka anpassningar som behövdes göra när en rörelsehindrad elev fanns med på idrottslektionerna. Ingen av lärarna tyckte att dessa anpassningar var något hinder, utan lärarna menade att det snarare kunde ses som något positivt och lyfte fram hur bland annat klassamanhållningen kan förbättras.

48495051525354 2501 - 2550 of 19449
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