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  • 301.
    Broeng, Kevin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Undernäring på äldreboenden: En kvalitativ studie om hur nutritionsansvariga arbetar för att förebygga undernäring hos patienter på äldreboenden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Broeng, K. (2015). Malnutrition in the elderly care. A qualitative study about how nutrition managers works preventively against malnutrition with patients in the elderly care. Bachelor thesis in Public Health science. Department of work- and public health science. The academy of health and working life. University of Gävle, Sweden  The aim of the thesis was to describe how nutrition managers in the elderly care works preventively against malnutrition and also to describe the barriers that the nutrition managers considers to be common in the work with preventing malnutrition. Qualitative method with individual semistructured interviews was used and later on, the material was analyzed by a thematic analysis. Four people in the charge for elderlys nutrition in the elderly care was interviewed. The results found that nutrition managers in the elderly care, among other things, works preventively against malnutrition for the elderly by making estimations if the elderly are at risk of malnutrition. The results also found that meals for the elderly are in some cases planned by recommendations by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare and the Swedish National Food Administration (NFA) and also some activities around meals that was planned were based on NFAs recommendations for prevention of malnutrition. Another thing the results found was that a big part of the nutrition managers working with prevention of malnutrition was to teach and motivate the other staff in the elderly care to work preventively against malnutrition, because the nutrition managers perceived that the staff did not have enough motivation and knowledge about the subject.  

  • 302.
    Broman, Marinah
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nyberg, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser i samband med rehabilitering efter stroke: En beskrivande litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stroke is a disease that affects approximately 30,000 people in Sweden each year, and is estimated to cost society around SEK 18 billion. Rehabilitation after stroke is often intense, multi-faceted and long lasting.

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to describe patients' experiences of rehabilitation after stroke and to describe the study group in the included articles.

    Methods: A descriptive literature review based on 12 qualitative studies.

    Results: Stroke was perceived as a disruptive life events and the main goal of all rehabilitation was to return to the life that patients lived before the stroke.The hope of regaining lost functions were perceived as important and any signs of improvement gave motivation to continue rehabilitation.The contrast was considerable between those patients who experienced participation in the rehabilitation process, and those who wished they had a bigger influence.Women felt less involved than men. It was revealed that the patients felt that they had been discharged prematurely from the stroke unit and were not prepared for the homecoming. Their reduced abilities became much clearer when they returned to their everyday lives at home and they lacked the close contact and the exchange of experiences they had had with other patients in the hospital.

    Conclusion: It was found that patients with stroke have different experiences regarding goals, support, information and participation in rehabilitation. An individualized approach to patient goals is significant and adequate information is important. Effective support from health professionals contribute to increased participation and increase the patient's ability to perform and manage activities in the rehabilitation.

  • 303.
    Broman, Monica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Eklöv, Margareta
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Läkemedelsöverföring vid byte av vårdform. Litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 304.
    Brungs, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Granevåg, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    BVC-sjuksköterskors reflektioner kring sitt arbete med övervikt och fetma hos barn mellan 2 och 5 år inom primärvården2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Fyrtioen miljoner barn runt om i världen under 5 års ålder lider idag av övervikt eller fetma. Detta ställer högre krav på BVC-sjuksköterskans arbete med prevention av övervikt och fetma.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva BVC-sjuksköterskors reflektioner kring sitt arbete med övervikt och fetma hos barn mellan 2 och 5 år inom primärvården.

    Metod: En kvalitativ ansats med en deskriptiv design har använts i denna studie. Datainsamlingen har skett via semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio kvinnliga BVC-sjuksköterskor som hade erfarenhet av fetma och övervikt hos barn mellan 2 och 5 år. Materialet analyserades med hjälp av manifest och latent innehållsanalys.

    Huvudresultat: I analysprocessen framkom ett tema och fyra kategorier. Temat var Att inte skuldbelägga föräldrarna och skapa förutsättningar för livsstilsförändringar för hela familjen. De fyra kategorierna som framkom var: Förutsättningar i BVC-sjuksköterskans arbete, Ett familjefokuserat arbetssätt, BVC-sjuksköterskans förebyggande arbete samt Hinder och utmaningar i BVC-sjuksköterskans arbete.

    De BVC-sjuksköterskor som deltog beskrev önskan av att inte skuldbelägga föräldrarna och hur de försökte skapa förutsättningar för en livsstilsförändring för att kunna passa hela familjen. Ibland hade dock BVC-sjuksköterskorna svårt att utföra detta arbetet på grund av olika hinder. BVC-sjuksköterskorna upplevde att föräldrarna var det största hindret i arbetet med livsstilsförändringar hos familjen.

    Slutsats: BVC-sjuksköterskor behöver mer tid och kunskap inom området barnfetma, för att lättare kunna hjälpa föräldrarna så att familjen kan uppnå en livsstilsförändring, som i slutändan hjälper barnet att uppnå en hälsosammare kroppsvikt. 

  • 305.
    Brändholm, Jonas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    En kvalitativ intervjustudie om bedömningskonstens resa inom idrott och hälsa2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 306.
    Brännström, Margareta
    et al.
    Strategic Research Program in Health Care Sciences (SFO-V), Karolinska Institutet, and Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Lund University and Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Svedberg, Petra
    School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Thylén, Ingela
    Division of Nursing Sciences, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, and Department of Cardiology UHL, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sexual knowledge in patients with a myocardial infarction and their partners2014In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 332-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexual health and sexual activity are important elements of an individual’s well-being. For couples, this topic is often affected after a myocardial infarction (MI). It has become increasingly clear that, after an MI, patients are insufficiently educated on how to resume normal sexual activity. However, sufficient data on the general knowledge that patients and partners have about sexual activity and MI are lacking.

    Objective: The aims of this study were to explore and compare patients’ and partners’ sexual knowledge 1 month after a first MI and 1 year after the event and to compare whether the individual knowledge had changed over time. A second aim was to investigate whether patients and their partners report receiving information about sexual health and sexual activity from healthcare professionals during the first year after the event and how this information was perceived.

    Subjects and Methods: This descriptive, comparative survey study enrolled participants from 13 Swedish hospitals in 2007-2009. A total of 115 patients with a first MI and their partners answered the Sex After MI Knowledge Test questionnaire 1 month after the MI and 1 year after the event. Correct responses generated a maximum score of 75.

    Results: Only 41% of patients and 31% of partners stated that they had received information on sex and relationships at the 1 year follow-up. The patients scored 51±10 on the Sex After MI Knowledge Test at inclusion into the study, compared with the 52±10 score for the partners. At the 1-year follow-up, the patients’ knowledge had significantly increased to a score of 55±7, but the partners’ knowledge did not significantly change (53±10).

    Conclusions: First MI patients and their partners reported receiving limited information about sexual issues during the cardiac rehabilitation and had limited knowledge about sexual health and sexual activity.

  • 307.
    Burmeister, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Perceptions of physical activity among ethnic minority women in Sweden.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 308.
    Burström, Bo
    et al.
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Öberg, Lisa
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Bernhardt, Eva
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Smedman, Lars
    Centre of Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Equitable Child Health Interventions: The Impact of Improved Water and Sanitation on Inequalities in Child Mortality in Stockholm, 1878 to 19252005In: American Journal of Public Health, ISSN 0090-0036, E-ISSN 1541-0048, Vol. 95, no 2, p. 208-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, many of the 10 million childhood deaths each year are caused by diseases of poverty—diarrhea and pneumonia, for example, which were previously major causes of childhood death in many European countries. Specific analyses of the historical decline of child mortality may shed light on the potential equity impact of interventions to reduce child mortality.

    In our study of the impact of improved water and sanitation in Stockholm from 1878 to 1925, we examined the decline in overall and diarrhea mortality among children, both in general and by socioeconomic group. We report a decline in overall mortality and of diarrhea mortality and a leveling out of socioeconomic differences in child mortality due to diarrheal diseases, but not of overall mortality. The contribution of general and targeted policies is discussed.

     

  • 309.
    Burström, Lage
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lundström, Ronnie
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sjödin, Fredrik
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Asta
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindkvist, Markus
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Mats
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Thor
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Acute effects of vibration on thermal perception thresholds2008In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 81, no 5, p. 603-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective This study focuses on the acute effects of vibration and how vibrations influence the measures of the thermal perception thresholds during different vibration magnitudes, frequencies, and durations.

    Methods The fingers of ten healthy subjects, five males and five females, were exposed to vibration under 16 conditions with a combination of different frequency, intensity and exposure time. The vibration frequency was 31.5 and 125 Hz and exposure lasted between 2 and 16 min. The energy-equivalent frequency weighted acceleration, according to ISO 5349-1, for the experimental time of 16 min was 2.5 or 5.0 m/s(2) (r.m.s.), corresponding to a 8-h equivalent acceleration, A(8) of 0.46 and 0.92 m/s(2), respectively. A measure of the thermal perception of cold and warmth was conducted before the different exposures to vibration. Immediately after the vibration exposure the acute effect was measured continuously on the exposed index finger for the first 75 s, followed by 30 s of measures at every minute for a maximum of 10 min. If the subject's thermal thresholds had not recovered, the measures continued for a maximum of 30 min with measurements taken every 5 min.

    Results For all experimental conditions and 30 s after exposure, the mean changes of the thresholds compared with the pre-test were found to be 0.05 and -0.67C for the warmth and cold thresholds, respectively. The effect of the vibration exposure was only significant on the cold threshold and only for the first minute after exposure when the threshold was decreased. The warmth threshold was not significantly affected at all. The frequency and the exposure time of the vibration stimuli had no significant influence on the perception thresholds for the sensation of cold or warmth. Increased equivalent frequency weighted acceleration resulted in a significant decrease of the subjects' cold threshold, not the warmth. The thresholds were unaffected when changes in the vibration magnitude were expressed as the frequency weighted acceleration or the unweighted acceleration.

    Conclusion When testing for the thermotactile thresholds, exposure to vibration on the day of a test might influence the results. Until further knowledge is obtained the previous praxis of 2 h avoidance of vibration exposure before assessment is recommended.

  • 310.
    Burström, Lage
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lundström, Ronnie
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sjödin, Fredrik
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Asta
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lindkvist, Markus
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Mats
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Thor
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Acute effects of vibration on thermal perception thresholds2006In: Diagnosis of injuries caused by hand-transmitted vibration - 2nd International workshop, Göteborg, 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective This study focuses on the acute effects of vibration and how vibrations influence the measures of the thermal perception thresholds during different vibration magnitudes, frequencies, and durations.

    Methods The fingers of ten healthy subjects, five males and five females, were exposed to vibration under 16 conditions with a combination of different frequency, intensity and exposure time. The vibration frequency was 31.5 and 125 Hz and exposure lasted between 2 and 16 min. The energy-equivalent frequency weighted acceleration, according to ISO 5349-1, for the experimental time of 16 min was 2.5 or 5.0 m/s(2) (r.m.s.), corresponding to a 8-h equivalent acceleration, A(8) of 0.46 and 0.92 m/s(2), respectively. A measure of the thermal perception of cold and warmth was conducted before the different exposures to vibration. Immediately after the vibration exposure the acute effect was measured continuously on the exposed index finger for the first 75 s, followed by 30 s of measures at every minute for a maximum of 10 min. If the subject's thermal thresholds had not recovered, the measures continued for a maximum of 30 min with measurements taken every 5 min.

    Results For all experimental conditions and 30 s after exposure, the mean changes of the thresholds compared with the pre-test were found to be 0.05 and -0.67C for the warmth and cold thresholds, respectively. The effect of the vibration exposure was only significant on the cold threshold and only for the first minute after exposure when the threshold was decreased. The warmth threshold was not significantly affected at all. The frequency and the exposure time of the vibration stimuli had no significant influence on the perception thresholds for the sensation of cold or warmth. Increased equivalent frequency weighted acceleration resulted in a significant decrease of the subjects' cold threshold, not the warmth. The thresholds were unaffected when changes in the vibration magnitude were expressed as the frequency weighted acceleration or the unweighted acceleration.

    Conclusion When testing for the thermotactile thresholds, exposure to vibration on the day of a test might influence the results. Until further knowledge is obtained the previous praxis of 2 h avoidance of vibration exposure before assessment is recommended.

  • 311.
    Bylund-Grenklo, Tove
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science. Department of Oncology Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Werkander-Harstäde, Carina
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Växjö, Sweden; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Sandgren, Anna
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Växjö, Sweden; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Benzein, Eva
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar; Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden .
    Östlund, Ulrika
    Centre for Research and Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle; Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health Sciences, Örebro University; Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Dignity in life and care: The perspectives of Swedish patients in a palliative care context2019In: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 193-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: How patients preserve their sense of dignity in life is an important area of palliative care that remains to be explored. Aims: To describe patients' perspectives of what constitutes a dignified life within a palliative care context. Methods: Twelve palliative care patients were interviewed about their views on living with dignity. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: What constitutes a dignified life during end-of-life care was captured by the theme 'I may be ill but I am still a human being' and presented under the categories 'preserving my everyday life and personhood', 'having my human value maintained by others through 'coherence' and 'being supported by society at large'. Conclusion: Patients' sense of dignity can be preserved by their own attitudes and behaviours, by others and through public support. Health professionals need to adopt a dignity-conserving approach, for which awareness of their own attitudes and behaviours is crucial. 

  • 312.
    Byström, Ann
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Attityder och kunskaper kring hållbara matvanor2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Purpose of this study was to examine what knowledge and which attitudes there are about environmental friendly food in the society. To do so an essay were constructed and distributed to five different working places. Altogether there were 50 essays distributed and 43 were returned. The main result; the respondents think that it is important for people to learn how to consume food in a more environmentally friendly way. The majority of the respondents recognized the eco-label KRAV but the European eco-label and Demeter were not recognized in a less extent. Few of the respondents knew what GMO stands for. Over half of the respondents thought that it is pretty important/important or very important to buy ecological food but only one third of them said that they commonly/always buy ecologic food. Slightly more than one third was shore that they could contribute to an environmental friendly development by consuming ecological food. Conclusion: the respondents know too little about what the eco-labels stands for. Far from everyone is convinced that it actually is environmental friendly to buy environmental friendly food.

  • 313.
    Byström, Marianne
    et al.
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life.
    Landström, Ulf
    Statshälsan/Prevab, Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life.
    Lennernäs, Maria
    Swedish Dairy Association.
    Kännedom, attityd och levnadsmönster bland högskolestuderande angående kost, motion och trötthet2003Report (Other academic)
  • 314.
    Byström, Marianne
    et al.
    Department of Work and the Physical Environment, National Institute for Working Life.
    Neely, Gregory
    Umeå university, National Institute for Working Life.
    Landström, Ulf
    Statshälsan/Prevab, National Institute for Working Life, Umeå.
    Lennernäs, Maria
    Swedish Dairy Association.
    Måltidens inverkan på vakenhet och prestation2002Report (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Bäccman, Evelina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Eklund, Marie-Louise
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Tio smutsiga fingrar: en observationsstudie om följsamheten till hygienrutiner på en infektionsavdelning som vårdar patienter med ESBL2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Resistant bacteria are an increasingly large problem within the Swedish health care system. Extended spectrum ß-lactamases (ESBL) are bacteria that produce enzymes capable of breaking down antibiotics, a characteristic which renders them resistant to antibiotics. One of the main causes for the spreading of resistant bacteria is low compliance to hand hygiene procedures.

    The aim of this study was to examine how the health care workers of an infectious disease ward apply the hygiene guidelines that have been established for health care staff. Data was collected through observations in an infectious disease ward in Central Sweden. The results showed that compliance towards hand hygiene procedures was less than 50% within the two staff groups compared. It also showed good compliance to the guidelines for glove use when caring for patients not carrying ESBL, but less compliance when caring for patients with the infection. The difference was statistically significant, i.e. health care staff used gloves more often when caring for patients not carrying ESBL than they did with patients who were carriers. The results showed that that almost 50% of the observed health care workers did not use hand disinfection before contact with patients, whether these were ESBL carriers or not. This indicates that compliance to hand hygiene procedures is not as good as one could hope for.

  • 316.
    Bäck, Max
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hur påverkar valet mellan greppsula och glidsula sopningen i curling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Curling is unique in the way that you can affect the path of the curling rock after it´s been released. Depending on the amount of force (Kg) and frequency (strokes/min) of the sweeping motion it affects the path differently. The purpose of this study is to exam if curling players sweeping with gripper on are better regarding sustaining their force and frequency sweeping multiple stones compared to curling players sweeping with sliders on. The report is an experimental study with two groups. The selection consisted of 17 men, aged 16-23 years, regularly playing in one of the two top leagues in Sweden. The participants swept three stones in a row during 15 seconds with 50 seconds rest in between the stones. Equipment used during the collection of data were the (Broom-mate), heartrate monitor (Pm25, Beurer: Germany) and (Borg-RPE-scale). The results from the report suggest that there´s no significant difference between sweeping with gripper or slider on, regarding the ability to apply and sustain their force and frequency during three rounds of sweeping. 

  • 317.
    Bäckström, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Jonsson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Attityder till patienter med beroendesjukdom - patienternas och vårdpersonalens upplevelser: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden it is estimated that there are about 300 000 people living with alcohol addiction today and approximately 700 000 people with harmful use of alcohol, and an estimated 55 000 with drugaddiction. Healthcare staff will meet this large group of patients everywhere.

    Aim: Describing health care professionals attitudes toward patients with addictive disorders and patients experience of the health care professionals attitudes. The aim was also to describe an outline of the selected articles of this group.

    Method: Literature study came from descriptive design consisting of 11 scientific articles. Article search by database Medline thrue PubMed and PsycINFO.

    Main results: The results showed that professional staff statedthey believe patients with addictive disorders self-inflicted their illness and therefore did not deserve any help. It also showed that patients experienced discrimination, abuse, negative attitudes and discrimination in the health care system. According to patient experience this caused many from seeking further treatement.

    Conclusions: Patients with addictive disorders were often met with negative attitudes and discrimination from health care professionals. This negative experience resulted in that many patients refrained from seeking treatemtent. It is therefore important that health care professionals receive professional training and education in addictive disorders in order to view every patient as a separate individual in order to reduce any discriminatory behaviour.

  • 318.
    Bäremo, Isabelle
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Strandman, Diana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Föräldrars erfarenheter att leva med barn som har ADHD och mötet med sjukvården: en litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 319.
    Bååth, Carina
    et al.
    Faculty of Health, Sciences and Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden; County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden .
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Gunningberg, Lena
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Surgery and Oncology Division, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Muntlin Athlin, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden; University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; .
    Prevention of heel pressure ulcers among older patients - from ambulance care to hospital discharge: a multi-centre randomized controlled trial2016In: Applied Nursing Research, ISSN 0897-1897, E-ISSN 1532-8201, Vol. 30, p. 170-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate the effect of an early intervention, a heel suspension device boot, on the incidence of heel pressure ulcers among older patients (aged 70 +). Background: Pressure ulcers are a global healthcare issue; furthermore, the heel is an exposed location. Research indicates that preventive nursing interventions starting during the ambulance care and used across the acute care delivery chain are seldom used. Methods: A multi-centre randomized control study design was used. Five ambulance stations, two emergency departments and 16 wards at two Swedish hospitals participated. Altogether, 183 patients were transferred by ambulance to the emergency department and were thereafter admitted to one of the participating wards. Results: Significantly fewer patients in the intervention group (n=15 of 103; 14.6%) than the control group (n=24 of 80; 30%) developed heel pressure ulcers during their hospital stay (p=0.017). Conclusions: Pressure ulcer prevention should start early in the acute care delivery chain to increase patient safety.

  • 320.
    Bååth, Carina
    et al.
    Karlstad Universitet.
    Mårtensson, Gunilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science.
    Mamhidir, Anna Greta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science.
    Florin, Jan
    Högskolan i Dalarna.
    Muntlin-Athlin, Åsa
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Gunningberg, Lena
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Pressure ulcer prevention – is nursing knowledge appropriate or not?: A descriptive multi-center study in Sweden2013In: Proceedings of the 16th Annual European Pressure Ulcer Meeting, Vienna Austria, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 321.
    Cai, Yaxiu
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Wang, Wei
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Quality of life among residents in nursing homes: A questionnaire study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 322.
    Candell, Agneta
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Tandhygienisters upplevelse av den fysiska och psykosociala arbetsmiljön2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 323.
    Candell, Agneta
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science.
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science.
    Dental hygienists' work environment: motivating, facilitating, but also trying2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 324.
    Cardell, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lund, Amanda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att leva med diabetes mellitus typ I, upplevelser från barn och ungdomar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Sverige insjuknar fler barn i diabetes typ 1 jämfört med resten av världen. De drabbade har en förhöjd halt glukos i blodet och detta kan ge kortvariga och långvariga komplikationer. Behandling avser insulin, kost, motion och mätning av blodglukos. Sjuksköterskans roll ska vara att stötta barnet och hjälpa det att ta ansvar för egenvård.

    Syfte: Att beskriva hur det är att leva med diabetes typ I som barn och ungdomar, samt att undersöka vilka datainsamlingsmetoder som artiklarna använt sig av.

    1. Hur upplever barn och ungdomar att diabetes typ I påverkar deras vardag?

    2. Vilka datainsamlingsmetoder har artiklarna använt sig av?

    Metod: Beskrivande litteraturstudie med 12 vetenskapliga artiklar publicerade mellan 2008 till 2017 med kvalitativ ansats. Artiklarna söktes fram genom databaserna CINAHL och Medline via PubMed.

    Huvudresultat: Barn och ungdomar upplevde en abnormalitet då de drabbats av diabetes typ 1. De kände sig socialt begränsade, och hade problem med att knyta an till sjukdomen och acceptera den. Ett stort behov av stöd från olika personer och den kliniska vården fanns. Barn hade lättare att anpassa sig efter den kliniska vården än ungdomar hade, ungdomar upplevde att deras sociala liv påverkades stort.

    Slutsats: Barn och ungdomar upplevde att diabetes typ 1 påverkar deras vardag stort. De hade problem med att knyta an till sjukdomen och såg negativt på den. För att uppnå acceptans var sjuksköterskan viktig och behövde finnas som ett stöd emotionellt och kunskapsmässigt.

  • 325.
    Carleson, Barbro
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Cancerrelaterad smärta: riktlinjer för smärtbedömning, patientundervisning och komplementär smärtbehandling1999Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 326.
    Carleson, Barbro
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Kvalitetsindikatorer för bedömning av patienter med cancerrelaterad smärta2001In: Kvalitetsindikatorer inom omvårdnad, Stockholm: Gothia , 2001, p. 127-139Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 327.
    Carleson, Barbro
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Nursing management of cancer-related pain: guidelines for pain assessment, patient education and complementary pain therapy2000Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 328.
    Carleson, Barbro
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Smärtupplevelse, sjukfrånvaro och livstillfredsställelse hos personer med långvarig smärta - En utvärdering 12 månader efter genomgången rehabiliteringskurs.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 329.
    Carlsson, Amelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Reproducerbarhet i öga-nacke/skuldra besvär hos yrkesverksamma mikroskoparbetare: Självskattade besvär inom och mellan måndagar och fredagar under två separata arbetsveckor2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Microscopy at work involves a combination of external exposures that pose an increased risk for eye-neck/shoulder symptoms such as; visually demanding near work, eye-hand coordination, static work postures and repetitive work.

    Objectives: To explore the pattern of fluctuations in eye-neck/shoulder symptoms and the reproducibility of these fluctuations during separate workdays and workweeks, for individuals who regularly perform microscopic duties at work.

    Method: Data was collected at 8 different times for all participants (n=16); Monday morning and afternoon and Friday morning and afternoon, during 2 different weeks at work.

    Results: Musculoskeletal complaints in the neck/shoulders and symptoms of eye strain increased significantly (∆Musculoskeletal complaints; p<0,01, ∆Symptoms of eye stain; p<0,05)  during the workweek.  The highest levels of self-reported symptoms did not correlate with the self-reported time in microscopy during the workweek (p>0.05).  The same tendency for the increments in symptoms was observed during both work weeks. Only for musculoskeletal complaints did the increments of symptoms correlated with one another (p<0.05). 

    Conclusion: The results indicate that microscopy at work is a risk factor, primarily for increased musculoskeletal complaints in the neck/shoulders. More studies are needed to assess the relationship between microscopy at work and the onset and development of eye-neck/shoulder complaints.

  • 330.
    Carlsson, Maria
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Stressupplevelser och copingstrategier hos vårdpersonal på ett äldreboende.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva vilka stressorer vårdpersonalen upplever i arbetet med äldre på ett äldreboende, personalens upplevelse av stressorerna samt vilka copingstrategier de använder sig av i dessa situationer. Studien hade en deskriptiv design. Data samlades in med instrument Daily Assesment of Coping (DCA). Resultatet visade att vårdpersonalen (n 33) upplevde stress vid 86 av totalt 155 möjliga arbetstillfällen. Stressorerna utmynnade i två huvudkategorier; patientrelaterade och personalrelaterade stressorer. Huvudkategorierna bestod av fem subkategorier; patientbeteende, omvårdnadsproblem, kontakt med närstående, arbetsbelastning och kommunikation/samarbete. Medianvärdet för stressnivån var 5 (1= inte alls besvärande -7= mycket besvärande). Vid 40 tillfällen upplevde personalen att de ”inte alls” kunde påverka händelsen, vid 39 tillfällen att de ”i viss mån” kunde påverka och vid 6 tillfällen att de kunde påverka ”väldigt mycket”. Vid 56 tillfällen upplevde personalen att händelsen var ”ganska förväntad”, vid 12 tillfällen ”ganska oväntad” och vid 9 tillfällen ”helt oväntad”. Resultatet från DCA visade att copingstrategierna ”gjorde något åt det”, ”sökte stöd från andra” och ”accepterade problemet” var vanligast förekommande. Slutsatsen är att vardagliga stressorer är vanligt förekommande inom äldreomsorgen och att stressnivån för dessa är relativt hög. Vanligast var att personalen upplevde stressorerna som förväntade och att de inte kunde påverka händelsen.

  • 331.
    Carlsson, Marianne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Göransson, Marina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med och möta barn som far illa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Alla barn har rätt till ett liv med utveckling samt att skyddas mot alla typer av våld, försummelse, övergrepp och utnyttjande av vårdnadshavare. Utsatthet i barn och ungdomsåren har visat sig påverka individens utveckling negativt. Barnets vårdnadshavare har det primära ansvaret att tillgodose barnets behov, brister detta är det samhällets ansvar att se till att barnet får den trygghet och omvårdnad som denne behöver. Där har hälso- och sjukvården samt socialtjänsten en viktig uppgift.  Syftet: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med och möta barn som far illa.  Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie baserat på tio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats.  Resultat: Arbetslivserfarenhet och kunskap stärkte sjuksköterskorna i arbetet med barn som for illa. God relation och kommunikation ansågs viktigt i mötet med barnen och deras familjer. Majoriteten av sjuksköterskorna vittnade om brister i utbildning, riktlinjer, stöd från ledning och samarbete med socialtjänsten. Dessa aspekter i kombination med hög arbetsbelastning ledde till att sjuksköterskorna kände osäkerhet i arbetet med barn som for illa. Sjuksköterskorna berördes emotionellt i mötet med barn som for illa.   Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor behöver stöd från ledning och utbildningsansvariga genom att erbjudas adekvat utbildning och tydliga riktlinjer i arbetet och mötet med barn som far illa, för att stärka och öka tryggheten i yrkesrollen.

  • 332.
    Carlsson, Ruth
    et al.
    Swedish Work Environment Authority.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Physical variation at work – a scientific review2016In: NES2016 - Ergonomics in theory and practice: Proceedings of 48th Annual Conference of Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society / [ed] Järvelin-Pasanen, S, 2016, p. 156-159Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical variation is generally considered to be an important factor influencing the risk for musculoskeletal disorders in repetitive work, but a comprehensive scientific basis for this assumption has not been available. Thus, the Swedish Work Environment Authority requested the Centre for Musculoskeletal Research at the University of Gävle to review scientific standings regarding physical variation and its effects.  In total, 56 articles were included in the review. The results showed that occupationally relevant studies of the effects of physical variation are few, and that the effectiveness of initiatives promoting variation has also been studied to a limited extent. Thus, current research cannot provide a clear answer to what an effective combination would be of work tasks in a job in the context of physical variation, let alone the optimal time distribution of tasks in a short (hours, days) and long (weeks, months, years) perspective. Also, gender aspects of physical variation were considered to a very limited extent. There is a need for more studies of relevant initiatives aiming at creating increased physical variation by changing the contents of work or its temporal structure; including studies placing this issue in a gender perspective.

  • 333.
    Carlsson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Evelina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser & erfarenheter av att arbeta med omvårdnad kring patienter med ätstörningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av omvårdnadsarbetet kring patienter med ätstörningar. Litteraturstudien kommer även bestå av en granskning av artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod. Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvantitativa och kvalitativa artiklar publicerade mellan 2004 och 2014. Artiklarna söktes i databaserna PubMed, Cinahl och Discovery. Resultatet till föreliggande litteraturstudie baserades på 12 artiklar.  Resultat: Sjuksköterskor upplevde att de var tvungna ta över patienternas kontroll och på grund av det kände sjuksköterskorna att patienterna var manipulerande. Upplevelser av att patienterna hade sig själv att skylla och att det var deras eget fel att de hade ätstörningar uppfattades också av vissa sjuksköterskor. Vissa sjuksköterskor upplevde även att de fick vidta en mammaroll kring omvårdnaden bland dessa patienter. Sjuksköterskor upplevde att behandlingen kring patienter med ätstörningar var en utmaning och känslor som frustration uppkom. Sjuksköterskorna kände också att de inte kunde hjälpa patienterna tillräckligt på grund av utbildning- och kompetensbrist samt resursbrist. Den terapeutiska relationen var en grund för att förstå patientens psykiska ohälsa. Viktiga egenskaper för sjuksköterskan att ha var acceptans, hopp, empati och förståelse. Erfarenheter att föräldrarna skulle vara delaktiga i vården kom fram i föreliggande litteraturstudie.  Slutsats: Föreliggande litteraturstudie visade sjuksköterskans erfarenheter och upplevelser av att arbeta med omvårdnad kring patienter med ätstörningar. Vikten av en terapeutisk relation mellan patient och sjuksköterska poängterades eftersom det underlättade individens tillfrisknande. Sjuksköterskor bör se till hela patienten, både psykiskt, fysiskt och socialt, eftersom ätstörningar påverkar individernas livskvalitet. Den största utmaningen sjuksköterskor upplevde var kunskaps- och resursbrist.

  • 334.
    Carlsson, Ulrica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Karlström, Angelica
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Skattad rörelserädsla före och efter genomgången beteendemedicinsk rehabiliteringskurs. En beskrivande studie.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstrakt All around the world there are a lots of people that suffers from chronic pain. One great factor for the devolopment of chronic pain is the phenomen fear-avoidance/kinesophobia that appear to have negative effects on rehabilitation of chronic painproblems. The aim of the present study was to describe and identify how patient that took part in a rehabilitationprogram in year 2004 and 2005 with focus on behaviourchanges estimate their fear-avoidance/kinesophobia and examine if there was any changes estimate fear-avoidance/kinesophobia respectivly before and after and respecivly before and 12 month after the rehabilitationcourse. The study had a describing prospecitive design. Data was collected by the Swedish version of Tampascale for kinesophobia. The results shows that 25 % of the participant prove a high grade of kinesophobia before the rehabilitationcourse. After the rehabilitationcourse 21,1 % of the participant prove a high grade of kinesophobia and at the follw-up 12 month after the course 26,3 % of the participants prove a high grade of kinesophobia. The medianvalue of the estimate fear-avoidance/kinesophobia was 30,0 points before, 29,0 points after and 28,5 points at the Tampascale for kinesophobia 12 month after the rehabiliationcourse. There was no statistcal significant difference between the estimate fear-avoidance/kinesophobia over time.

  • 335.
    Carlsten-Gabrielsson, Olivia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wigfeldt, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjukvårdsupplevelser av Anorexia Nervosa ur ett patientperspektiv: En beskrivande litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Anorexia nervosa är en svår psykisk sjukdom som kan förklaras som ett självdestruktivt sätt att hantera livet på. Utveckling av anorexia sker genom tre steg vilka benämns; bakomliggande faktorer, utlösande faktorer och vidmakthållande faktorer. Sjukdomen kan orsakas av både psykologiska, biologiska eller sociala omständigheter. Även kroppsideal i samhället kan ha inverkan på utvecklingen av anorexia. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva hur patienter med anorexia nervosa upplever sjukvården. Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie utifrån 12 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar som utgick från patientens perspektiv. Huvudresultat: Tre huvudteman identifierades vilka var måltidssituationen, relationer på vårdavdelningen samt vårdmiljö. Måltidssituationen upplevdes ångestladdad och som ett tvång, vissa upplevde att det var jobbigt att förlora matkontrollen medan andra upplevde det som en lättnad. Relationer på vårdavdelningen upplevdes viktiga eftersom ju bättre relationerna var desto bättre vårdupplevelse fick patienterna. Vidare upplevdes individanpassad vård vara betydelsefullt samt att sjuksköterskan lät patienten vara delaktig. Vårdmiljön kunde upplevas negativ eftersom patienter med anorexia inspirerades och påverkades av andra patienter vilket kunde leda till jämförelser och mer självsvält. Slutsats: Kunskapen kring hur patienter med anorexia upplever vården och önskar att bli behandlade är bristfällig hos sjuksköterskor och övrig vårdpersonal. Det är viktigt att nyexaminerade sjuksköterskor får en ökad kunskap och blir medvetna om hur de kan bidra till så goda vårdupplevelser för patienten med anorexia som möjligt.

  • 336.
    Carrwik, Christian
    et al.
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Murakami, Hideki
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.
    Willander, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Robinson, Yohan
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Potential harms of interventions for spinal metastatic disease2017In: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ISSN 1469-493X, E-ISSN 1469-493X, no 7, article id CD012724Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: The primary objective of this review is to compare the potential harms of treatment for spinal metastatic disease for the following treatments: 1. Surgical intervention. 2. Surgical intervention with radiation therapy. 3. Radiation therapy alone. Our secondary objectives are: 1. comparing the harms of different surgical methods; 2. comparing the harms between different radiation protocols.

  • 337.
    Cedervall, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Engnell, Madeleine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Upplevelse av livskvalité hos vuxna personer med diabetes typ 1: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that can occur at any age. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which insulin deficiency occurs due to that the cells in pancreas which are producing insulin is severely reduced. As a nurse, it is important to update their knowledge about diabetes to be ableto provide the best care and support possible for people with diabetes. It has been shown that people living with other chronic diseases feel that the disease has affected their quality of life.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review is to describe how adults with type 1 diabetes experience their quality of life and to describe the methodological aspect in the selected articles.

    Method: A descriptive literature review based on twelve scientific articles. The articles where retrieved from the databases Cinahl and PubMed through the University of Gävle.

    Results: People with type 1 diabetes feel that the disease has affected their quality of life. They feel that planning is a necessity and something that is of great importance, but the thought that the disease also is life-threatening if they do not take insulin gave them much anxiety.The support of family, health care and by other people, such as work colleagues, was of great importance to the quality of life. The total number of participants was 6305 and they came from three different continents. These three were Europe, North America and Oceania.

    Conclusion: It has been shown that people with type 1 diabetes feel that the disease has affected their quality of life. This study can help nurses and other healthcare by increasing their understanding of how adults with type 1 diabetes experiencing their quality of life.

  • 338.
    Chai, Tingyan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Chen, Liyan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Nurses’ experience ofsupporting and caring for women with postpartum depression: A interview study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 339.
    Chaquisse, Eusebio
    et al.
    EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Portugal; Faculdade de Ciências de Saúde, University of Lúrio, Nampula, Mozambique; National Health Institute, Maputo, Mozambique.
    Fraga, Silvia
    EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto; Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Portugal.
    Meireles, Paula
    EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Portugal.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Portugal.
    Soares, Joaquim
    EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Portugal; Department of Health Sciences, Section of Public Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Nbofana, Francisco
    National Health Institute, Maputo, Mozambique.
    Barros, Henrique
    EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto; Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Portugal.
    Sexual and physical intimate partner violence among women using antenatal care in Nampula, Mozambique2018In: Journal of Public Health in Africa, ISSN 2038-9922, E-ISSN 2038-9930, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to estimate the prevalence of sexual and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and its associated factors, in a sample of pregnant women using antenatal care (ANC) in Nampula province - Mozambique. This cross-sectional study was carried out in six health units in Nampula, from February 2013 to January 2014. Overall, 869 participants answered the Conflict Tactics Scale 2. The lifetime and past year prevalence of sexual abuse was 49% and 46%, and of physical abuse was 46% and 44%, respectively. Lifetime and past year sexual abuse was significantly associated with living as a couple, alcohol drinking and having a past diagnosis of gonorrhea. Lifetime and past year physical abuse increased significantly with age and was associated with living as a couple, alcohol drinking and history with syphilis. The prevalence of lifetime and previous year violence among women using ANC was high and similar showing that most women were constantly exposed to IPV. ANC provides a window of opportunity for identifying and acting on violence against women.

  • 340.
    Chatzoudis, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wikström, Anette
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Personers erfarenheter av att leva med ALS: En beskrivande litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) belongs to a group of motor neuron diseases. It is an incurable neurological disease that affects approximately 200 people per year in Sweden. The involuntary muscles of the body atrophies which causing the person problems to speak and breath. The disease progression varies depending on the version of motor neuron disease the person suffering, at ALS person usually dies within 5 years.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe people's experiences of living with ALS and describe the study group of the included scientific articles.

    Method: A descriptive literature study consisting of 11 qualitative articles.

    Main Results: Some patients were not satisfied with the hospital care, they were met by ignorant staff and were sent between different care units before a diagnosis could be decided. At the end the patients themselves were searching for answers themselves. Patients describe several negative feelings diagnosed with ALS. During the progression of the disease even positive emotions came and encouraged the patients continue to struggle. Patients used different strategies like existential thoughts, acceptance of aid and help from outside caregiver. Support from family and friends were important to cope with the disease and the expected death.

    Conclusions: People who suffer from ALS experienced an emotional roller coaster, which commuted between positive and negative feelings. For many patients, it was important to take one day at a time to find meaningfulness. The experience from the illness is individual from ALS and it is important that the nurse uses the person-centered care. It is important that the nurse learn from the patients and relatives experience to preserve the integrity and autonomy.

  • 341.
    Chen, Chen
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    Ning, Zhou
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    The effect of patient education interventions on stoma patients: - A descriptive review2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 342.
    Chen, Jian Hua
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Medicine and Health College, Lishui University, Lishui, Zhejiang Province, China.
    Björkman, Annica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Zou, Ji Hua
    Department of Nursing, Medicine and Health College, Lishui University, Lishui, Zhejiang Province, China.
    Engström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Self–regulated learning ability, metacognitive ability, and general selfefficacy in a sample of nursing students: A cross-sectional and correlational study2019In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 37, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The healthcare sector is fast-growing and knowledge-intensive, and to meet the demands associated with it, nursing students must have high levels of self-regulated learning (SRL), metacognition, and general self-efficacy (GSE). In this cross-sectional, correlational study, data were collected from 216 nursing students through a questionnaire. The aims were: 1) to describe the levels of SRL ability, metacognitive ability and GSE among second- and third-year nursing students; 2) to explore the relationships between the SRL ability, metacognitive ability and GSE of second- and third-year nursing students; 3) and to compare SRL ability, metacognitive ability and GSE between second- and third-year nursing students. Nursing students had moderate levels of SRL ability and metacognitive ability, but lower levels of GSE. Positive relationships between SRL ability, metacognitive ability, and GSE were observed. Third-year nursing students had a higher level of SRL ability but lower levels of GSE, compared to second-year students. In terms of metacognitive ability, no significant differences were observed between the student batches. Interventions are required for the improvement of nursing students’ SRL ability, metacognitive ability, and GSE.

  • 343.
    Chen, Ping
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Qian, Lidan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    The cognitive function of residents living in nursing home: A questionnaire study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 344.
    Chen, Xiayu
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Lu, Yufang
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Women’s experiences after a myocardial infarction: A descriptive litterature review2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 345.
    Chen, Zhe
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Yang, Ni
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Women’s experiences of preeclampsia in pregnancy: A descriptive literature review2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 346.
    Chi, Cheng
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Wenbo, Tang
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    The effect of physical activity on the quality of life in patients with type-2 diabetesThe effect of physical activity on the quality of life in patients with type-2 diabetes: – A descriptive literature review2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 347.
    Chienh, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter inom nutritionsomvårdnad: En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Malnutrition is common among elderly people in Sweden. There are clear guidelines on what kind of intervention should be made, yet there are few actions being taken. This shows a sign of inadequate organisation and management, or lack of expertise in staff performing nutrition nursing care.

    Aim

    The aim for this study is to describe nurses’ experience in nutritional nursing care. And describe the article’s data collection method.

    Method

    A descriptive literature study based on 10 scientific articles.

    Result

    Nurses had limited knowledge and skills in nutrition nursing care and therefore could not identify patients who were malnourished. They were also reluctant to use screening instruments because they do not know how to use it. The nurse has a major responsibility to perform nutritional nursing care, which at the same time must prioritize other tasks. The results were divided into three sections, which are listed under the headings: Insufficient Knowledge, Attitude, Responsibility and Priorities

    Conclusion

    Studies show that nurses have insufficient knowledge in nutrition care and use of screening instruments to identify malnourished patients. The Nurse needs more training in nutrition care and how to use screening instruments to better respond and treat malnourished patients.

  • 348.
    Christensen, Christine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    En studie om individers upplevelser av arbetslöshet, mindfulness och stress2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine individuals' experiences of participating in 5 week mindfulness program as a tool for job seekers. Qualitative methods were used to inter­view three students and two mindfulness educators. The informants were asked to an­swer questions about their experiences of having participated or practiced mindfulness in the project.

     

    The results showed that all respondents experienced the project as positive. The partici­pants describe that the project helped them to get out and meet other people and with routines in their life. The par­ticipants also said that unemployment caused alienation and they felt themselves to have poorer health when they were unemployed. Stress has been something that affected eve­ryone in different ways, but that all participants felt the stress when they were unem­ployed. All informants reported that mindfulness was a great tool for stress manage­ment, although some were skeptical about mindfulness when they initiated the project.

  • 349.
    Chunyi, Tang
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Qiongwei, Wang
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Quality of life among nursing home residents: – A questionnaire study2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 350.
    Ciccarelli, Marina
    et al.
    Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Straker, Leon
    Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Pollock, Clare
    Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Diversity of tasks and information technologies used by office workers at and away-from-work2011In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 54, no 11, p. 1017-1028Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Musculoskeletal disorders have been associated with computer use among office workers and lack of variation caused by too little exposure diversity between work tasks has been proposed as an important etiological factor. However there is little information on the diversity of occupations and information and communication technologies (ICT) used by office workers and none which extends beyond the traditional workday. Whilst direct observation is expected to provide the most accurate data, it is resource intensive and self report and sampling alternatives may be a viable alternative.

    Method: This paper describes direct observation and self-report data on the occupations and ICT use of 24 Australian office workers in their natural environments at work and away-from-work, over 12 hours of a working day.

    Results: Participants were observed for a mean [SD] for 642[40] minutes, 67% of which was at the workplace. Productive occupations (405[122] minutes) accounted for 63% of the observation period, compared to 17% for instrumental (106[57] minutes), 12% for self-care (75[46] minutes) and 8% for leisure occupations (54[39] minutes). Non ICT tasks occurred during 44% of the observation period (285[89] minutes); New ICT accounted for 36 % (234[118] minutes), Old ICT accounted for 15% (98[73] minutes), and Combined ICT tasks 4% (24[30] minutes). The proportions of occupations and ICT use differed between work and away-from-work. Computer-based New ICT was most used for work tasks. Observed and self-reported time on occupations and ICT were similar, though with some differences. Self-reported time on occupations and ICT was similar for the first day and the subsequent 4 days.

    Conclusion: The first detailed description of occupations and ICT used by office workers at work and away-from-work shows that the variety of Old, New, Combined and Non-ICT used for performing typical work and non-work tasks offered a diversity of exposures for the workers. This information provides an important step for further investigations into exposure variation in this group, and possible musculoskeletal health risks.

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