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  • 301.
    Häggblom, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Säll-Jonsson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Samverkan mellan psykiatri och beroendevård: Yrkesverksammas perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how professionals describe the interaction between psychiatry and addiction care when it comes to clients/patients  who suffer from comorbidity of substance abuse and diagnosed mental illness. In this study we posed the following questions: How do the care personnel within psychiatric treatment and substance abuse care describe the current state of the collaboration between them? Which pros and cons do the personnel within the two sectors describe regarding collaboration? Based on six interviews; three among professionals in psychiatry and three in addiction care, the overall result shows that the informants believe that the existing cooperation works well but can be developed. The study also shows that concerted individual plans (SIP) as a tool can generate positive results for clients/patients within both organizations. SIP is also an opportunity for the professionals to go beyond the current confidentiality that exists between the client/patient and organization and thus better able to collaborate around a client/patient. The conclusion is that cooperation can be favored or discriminated against by the staff's attitudes towards individuals who suffer from comorbidity, political decisions, maneuver and professional, personal experience and knowledge of each other's professions. 

  • 302.
    Häggström, Lina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Johansson, Stina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Samarbete mellan olika verksamheter inom vård och omsorg: Konsekvenser för olika personalgrupper2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the consequences of a newly introduced cooperation between units within social care organizations in Sweden. The empirical data is based on qualitative interviews with two focus groups, care workers (n=4) and unit managers (n=2) in two different muncipalities. For the analysis we have used adminstrative theory and theories of leadership. The result showed that unit managers tend to have more positive attitudes towards cooperation as a way of working, than the attitudes of care workers. We argue that even though they aim for the same result, giving good care for their patients, they have different views of cooperation as a working method. Our conclusion is that unit managers tend to promote the interest of the organisation, while care workers tend to promote their own working conditions when it comes to organizational changes. 

  • 303.
    Hålén, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Vad-Schütt, Linda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    #pappaledig En modern pappa i traditionell skrud: En semiotisk bild- och textanalys med fokus på hur maskuliniteter och femininiteter iscensätts inom gruppen män på Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to increase understanding of how masculinities and femininities exhibit within a group of men. This was done in the hashtag #pappaledig on the social network Instagram. Variations and patterns were examined in relation to gender stereotyped norms. A semiotic image- and text analysis was used to answer the study's purpose and questions. The terms masculinities and femininities were used as an integrated analysis unit for the purpose of departing from sex dichotomy. The main results of the study showed that the majority of men's images could be interpreted masculine while the texts showed a more feminine or mixed character. In relation to Connell's theory of hegemonic masculinity, the hegemonic ideals appear to be reproduced in the tougher and less expressive images while a softer and more emotional character could be seen in the captions. The more disposal character of the texts could be related to modern paternity.

  • 304.
    Högberg, Felicia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Managers’ perspectives on the gendered organizational culture in a Social Welfare Office2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 305.
    Högdin, Sara
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Leaving home in early youth: influential factors in running away from home or being thrown out2012In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 39-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this article is to investigate the extent to which youth in Sweden run away from or are thrown out of their homes. A further aim is to determine what conditions lead up to and triggers such a break-up and to see what takes place during the break-up process itself. In our results roughly one in ten of youth in Sweden (≈11%) had experienced a difficult break-up from home by running away or being thrown out. Over 30% of those placed in foster families or institutions had run away from home or been thrown out. By our results, only a minority of runaways do so for the excitement or the fun. The majority made clear that their running away was a flight from the family rather than to something exciting and adventurous. It is also obvious from the results that young people who have run away three or more times are more severely at risk than those who have experienced only one or two break-ups from home. For some of these young people, a breakaway from home is the start, however premature, of an independent adult life. This vulnerable group of young people should be entitled to support from the social welfare system during their transition to adulthood.

  • 306.
    Höglund, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Björkman, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    För somliga går det bättre än andra: Nyktra alkoholisters väg ut ur beroendet och deras verktyg för att bevara nykterheten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är nyktra alkoholisters egna upplevelser av vad som bidrar till ett bibehållande av nykterhet och vad försvårar bibehållandet? Den här kvalitativa studien utförd genom intervjuer (n=5) med nyktra alkoholister visade att vilja, nätverk och sysselsättning är viktiga faktorer när det handlar om att bibehålla nykterhet. Faktorer som försvårar bibehållandet av nykterhet är stress, oro och motgångar. Studien är genomförd med fenomenologisk ansats och har inspirerats av den hermeneutiska meningstolkningen där kognitiv- och systemteori har legat till grund för analysen. Slutsatsen i den här studien är att en konsekvent eftervård, anpassad för individen och ett stödjande nätverk är av största vikt vid bevarandet av nykterhet.

  • 307.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sallnäs, Marie
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Med blicken framåt2012In: När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård / [ed] Ingrid Höjer, Marie Sallnäs, Yvonne Sjöblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 283-294Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sallnäs, MarieStockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.Sjöblom, YvonneStockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    När samhället träder in: barn, föräldrar och social barnavård2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Att stå på egna ben - om övergången från samhällsvård till vuxenliv2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 24-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln behandlar hur övergången från ung till vuxen ter sig för en sårbar grupp av unga, de som varit i samhällsvård. Vilken roll spelar vården, socialtjänsten och den biologiska familjen för dem? Vilken betydelse får den förlängda ungdomstiden för ungdomar vars sociala nätverk är resurssvaga?

  • 310. Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    På egna ben - om ungdomar som lämnar samhällsvården och deras familjerelationer2012In: Nätverksfamiljen / [ed] Margareta Bäck-Wiklund och Thomas Johansson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur , 2012, 2, p. 197-215Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Voices of 65 Young People Leaving Care in Sweden: "There Is So Much I Need to Know!"2014In: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 71-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine young care leavers’ experiences of supportive and nonsupportive factors after leaving care. Telephone interviews were conducted with 65 young people, between 18 and 26 years old, who had left care in Sweden within the previous 3 months to 3 years. The care-leaving process was in many cases described by the young people as badly planned and compressed. Some interviewees received support from the formal network (social services, foster carers, residential homes, contact persons) for housing (37) and financial matters (36), but few received support from the formal network concerning employment (14) and education (11). Emotional support was mainly provided by partners and friends. Altogether, the results suggest that access to support is a helpful factor for young people leaving care, but also that many of our interviewees had no such access, from neither formal nor informal networks.

  • 312.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    What Makes a Difference?: Turning Points for Young People in the Process of Leaving Placements in Public Care2014In: Social Work & Society, ISSN 1613-8953, E-ISSN 1613-8953, Vol. 12, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine young care leavers’ narrative accounts expressed as turning points connected to their experiences of being in care and leaving care. Telephone interviews were conducted with 65 young people, between 18 and 26 years old, who had left care in Sweden within the time span of previous three months to three years.

    Altogether, the results suggest that there are both positive and negative turning points connected to the care experience for young care leavers. To develop a trusting relationship to a family member or a significant other, a feeling of being in control of your life and experience an opportunity to change a negative life course are important factors in the young care leaver’s accounts about turning points. These factors were also linked to how they interpreted their care experiences and the impact it had on their self-identity and well-being.

  • 313.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Young people leaving care in Sweden2010In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 118-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from a placement in care to an independent life can be a problematic phase for young people. In Sweden, special care-leaving services are almost non-existent. What then happens to young people when they leave a placement in out-of-home care? This paper draws on the results of a study in which 16 young care leavers between the ages of 18 and 22 years were interviewed. Telephone interviews were also performed with the young care leavers' parents, social workers, foster carers and institutional staff. The aim of the study was to investigate how young care leavers perceive the transition from care to an independent life. The Swedish welfare model, the prolonged transition to adulthood and the family-oriented welfare discourse have been used as analytical perspectives. The results show that young care leavers have a pronounced need for social, emotional, practical and financial support. Whilst such support is occasionally provided by foster carers and residential staff, it is seldom given by social services or biological parents. This group is at risk of facing severe problems in the transitional phase from care to independent life, a fact that is not acknowledged by the Swedish welfare system.

  • 314.
    Hübinette, Marita
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Söderhaw, Veronica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Från oberoende till beroende av hjälp: En studie om hur fyra ensamstående äldre män på landsbygden upplever att bli beviljade hemtjänst.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor’s thesis in social work highlights how older people experience the transition to a committed home care effort. The empirical material has been gathered through qualitative interviews with four older men in a rural area. The interviews have been analyzed with regard to the activity theory and KASAM. The results showed that the older men had a successful transition. They felt that the help they received from home care services contributed to a meaningful and independent life. The social interaction and the contact they got from the home help staff, meant a lot to them. One important aspect that contributed to a positive transition is the daytime activities the men attended. Conclusions that can be drawn from the study is that their own accepting attitude to the transition, and the social interaction they received from home care staff and the daytime activities have contributed to the positive experiences

  • 315.
    Ibrahim, Yusuf Hassan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Abdullahi, Jibril, Mohamed
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Adverse effects of khat on somali families2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 316.
    Isaksson, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Toldo, Vanessa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    I andras ögon: En kvalitativ diskursanalys av dagspressens rapportering av hemlöshet ur ett genusperspektiv år 20152016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how two of Sweden's largest newspapers wrote about homeless men and women. This was done by analyzing the approach to homelessness and homeless individuals from a gender perspective, by looking at how notions of homeless men and women appeared in texts. The material was analyzed with a discourse analytical approach and a gender perspective. The main results are that homelessness are defined and problematized in media with different terms of vulnerability. The portrayal of vulnerability in relation to homelessness differs in regards to the sexes. Women are portrayed as passive victims of homelessness and men as active beings who can choose to break off homelessness. The women are also portrayed as mothers in bad relationships with men and the home is viewed as an essential arena. The men are viewed as the norm for homelessness and identified as lonely and criminal individuals.

  • 317.
    Isaksson, Lena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Larsson, Michaela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Omorganisationens påverkan på den psykosociala arbetsmiljön: En studie om enhetsledarnas arbetssituation och hur den påverkas under en omorganisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how first line managers in municipal elderly care experienced their psychosocial work environment during an ongoing reorganization, both from an individual and organizational perspective. Our theoretical approaches have been the salutogenic perspective, as well as Karasek and Theorell’s control, support and demand model. We use a survey to measure the psychosocial workplace environment experienced by the first line managers in an ongoing reorganization. As a complement to the survey, four first line managers were interviewed with the support of SOC-13. Previous research showed that the psychosocial work environment had a significant role in reorganization and to facilitate the change, there was several factors to consider. The result of our study showed that the first line managers psychosocial work environment did not appear to be adversely affected by the rapid organizational change, the problem was already there.

  • 318.
    Ivarsson, Diana
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nurminen, Tanja
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Varför är "hemmasittare" frånvarande från skolan?: ett inifrånperspektiv på karriärer av skolfrånvaro2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to gain an understanding from an insider perspective why dropouts are absent from school. Four qualitative interviews were conducted with former dropouts and two qualitative interviews with school representatives. The interviews were analyzed using theory triangulation based on interactionism, structurally and social constructionism perspective. The results showed that school absenteeism was applied to individual properties. The affecting individual properties differed among the informants. Emotional alienation and personal shortcomings was depicted in the former dropouts. Different medical diagnosis was the main reason for the different individual properties, according to school representatives. Insider perspective highlighted that the former dropouts school absences could be understood as an exclusionary process with feelings of inferiority to anomie. School representatives envisioned that the exclusion process continued because of parental education (in) ability and imagined the home as a comfort zone with "curling parents". Former dropouts waited to be intercepted in the school as a danger zone and understood increased resources necessary for the promotion of school attendance. School representatives realized that aid resources were necessary when absence from school was usual.

  • 319.
    Jadekrantz, Lena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Charlotta
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Ledarskap med ett coachande förhållningssätt inom offentlig kontra privat sektor2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Ledarskap med ett coachande förhållningssätt inom offentlig kontra privat sektor

    Författare: Charlotta Nilsson och Lena Jadekrantz

    Handledare: Feresteh Ahmadi

    Examinator: Peter Öberg

    Typ av arbete: Kvalitativ C-uppsats i Sociologi

    Period: VT 2008

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Studiens syfte är att se om ett coachande förhållningssätt kan påverka den enskilde individens och arbetsgruppens motivation, effektivitet och produktivitet. Utöver detta syftar studien till att studera om ledaren är medveten om hur dennes val av beteende kan påverka nivån på medarbetares motivation, effektivitet och produktivitet samt om det finns skillnader och likheter mellan offentlig och privat sektor.

    Metod och material: En kvalitativ studie med deduktiv ansats där empirin framtagits via semistrukturerade intervjuer.

    Huvudresultat: Ledarna i studien ser att frihet under ansvar genom ett coachande ledarskap påverkar motivation, effektivitet samt produktivitet gynnsamt och resulterar i friskare och mer motiverade medarbetare.

    Ledarna är delvis medvetna om att val av beteende påverkar medarbetarnas motivation, effektivitet och produktivitet och detta väljer ledarna att ta tillvara genom att låta medarbetarna vara delaktiga i sin arbetsmiljö ibland annat samverkansprojekt.

    Det finns skillnad mellan privat och offentlig sektor vad gäller ledarskapssyn och människosyn samt hur man väljer att ta tillvara på dem mänskliga resurserna. Det coachande förhållningssättet som ledarskapsmetod är mer integrerat i det privata näringslivet jämfört med den offentliga sektorn.

  • 320.
    Jangebrink, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Mattsson, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Barns delaktighet vid överklagande av LVU: En systematisk genomgång av hur barn har fått komma till tals i skriftliga domslut2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of children between ages 10-14 who clearly got to express themselves and how their views were expressed in written documents when appealing LVU to kammarrätten. A categorization of all judgments from a court were made, the eight were selected to examine qualitatively supported by Hart's ladder of participation and childhood sociology. The result showed that children in less than half of the judgements clearly got to express themselves and that the child's words were noted to varying degrees, however, in the section reasons for decision the child’s views were not included. Children are often not considered sufficiently mature in relation to adults, which means that they may not be active actors and that their room for maneuver is restricted. Adults working with children must be aware of the complexity between the child's right to participation and the child’s best interests.

  • 321.
    Janhans, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Martinelle, Benita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Självskadebeteende - drabbade flickor och osynliga pojkar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the various factors that may cause self-harm, if there are gender differences in self-harm and if so how these were explained. To answer these questions, we conducted a qualitative study in the form of a research review in which we collected data in form of relevant, scientific studies. These data were then interpreted from social constructivism and symbolic interactionism. The results of our study showed that self-harm can have the purpose of emotional regulation such as to get relief from negative emotions or to control the emotions, regulate feelings of alexithymia and dissociation and express self-hatred, self-disgust and other negative feelings directed towards themeselves. Self-harm can also be caused by childhood trauma caused by parental neglect, emotional neglect and physical, psychological and sexual abuse in childhood. Gender differences in self-harm is manifested in the fact that self-harm behavior presents as an almost exclusively female phenomenon with female typical behavior behind it. This typical behavior explains by both biological causes and differences between boys and girls upbringing. Other gender differences are that men tend to injure themselves more seriously than women, often do it through behavior that is not considered to be self-harm behavior and seek help and care to a lesser extent than women. This gender difference was explained by the fact that men are ashamed of self-harm because it is considered to be a female phenomenon.

  • 322.
    Jansson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Bohlin Smed, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Individuell placering- hjälp eller stjälp till ett lönearbete?: En kvalitativ studie hur arbetsledare genomför och upplever arbetsintegrering av personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning som beviljats individuell placering.2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Socialstyrelsen visar i kartläggning (2008) att allt fler dagliga verksamheter i Sverige har börjat använda sig av individuella placeringar på arbetsplatser. Syftet med uppsatsen var att undersöka hur ett urval av arbetsledare i två medelstora kommuner genomför och upplever arbetsintegreringen av personer som blivit beviljade individuell placering inom daglig verksamhet enligt LSS. De valda frågeställningarna var; Hur genomförs arbetsintegreringen med individuella placeringar av personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning i två medelstora kommuner? Vilka problem respektive framgångsfaktorer upplever arbetsledarna vid arbetsintegreringen för denna grupp? Hur upplever arbetsledarna samverkan mellan Arbetsförmedlingen, Försäkringskassan och det lokala näringslivet? Vad har en evidensbaserad arbetsmetod, t.ex. supported employment, för betydelse för arbetsintegreringen?

    För att besvara frågeställningarna utfördes en kvalitativ studie med intervjuer av sex arbetsledare i två medelstora kommuner. Det empiriska materialet analyserades utifrån de teoretiska perspektiven empowerment och socialt kapital. Studien visade att de bägge kommunerna utförde arbetsintegreringen på liknade sätt men att det förekom skillnader. Bägge kommunerna kartlägger arbetstagarens resurser, försöker tillmötesgå önskemål om praktikplats och använder valda delar av en arbetsmodell, ISA-modell, för lyckad arbetsintegrering. Resultaten visade att det är svårt att få ut människor med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar i lönearbete. Studien visade en otydlig målsättning med de individuella placeringarna samt behovet av ökad samverkan med bland annat Arbetsförmedlingen och Försäkringskassan. Författarna upplevde att människor med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning fortfarande är fångade mitt emellan ett omsorgsperspektiv och ett medborgarperspektiv, vilket begränsar deras möjlighet att etablera sig på den reguljära arbetsmarknaden.

  • 323.
    Jansson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Telo, Emina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    "En människa ute i livet": Synen på äldres deltagande i aktiviteter bland verksamhetschef, personal och brukare på särskilt boende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study’s purpose was to investigate and compare the view towards activities for elders among the manager, employees and the elders at a nursing home. One manager, two employees and three elders participated in interviews. These interviews showed that the view towards activities among elders was generally positive. The informants stated that the activities contributed with several positive effects. Among them were the elders’ subjectively reported well-being. This indicated correlation between the results and activity theory, implying that activities are a vital part of elders’ well-being. When the informants were asked about the possibilities as well as obstacles of elders engaging in activities, economy and disease were, directly and indirectly, brought up as obstacles. Regarding the economy, the HR perspective but also new public management could serve as explanations. The largest possibility presented however was the employees; if they were passionate about activities, as would the elders also become.

  • 324.
    Jensen, Erik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. 1970.
    Jönsson, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ”Samverkan är bra men komplext”: Socialarbetares upplevelse av samverkan inom socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    International Review of Teachers' Attitudes to Inclusive Education: The case of Physical Education2009In: ISAPA, International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity: Gävle, Sweden, June 2009, 2009, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 326.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Education.
    Social rättvisa i inkluderande idrottsundervisning för elever med rörelsehinder: en utopi?2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The aim of this thesis is to contribute to the knowledgebase of inclusion and inclusive education and to outline possible consequences that may arise from an educational ideology of inclusion. The thesis describes a potential dilemma that is both theoretical and practical. The dilemma consists of, on the one hand, a need of identification and categorisation of specific groups in society in order to allocate and redistribute available resources, while, on the other hand, there is a need of social recognition of diversity in educational settings in order to achieve social justice and parity of participation. The inclusion of pupils with physical disabilities in the school subject of physical education (PE) is used as a particular example to illustrate a general dilemma. The specific aims were: i) to describe and apply a theoretical framework of ‘social status’ as a possible means of resolving the dilemma (study I); ii) to study PE teachers’ attitudes toward inclusive physical education (studies II and III); and iii) using a case study, to explore the experience of physical education through the eyes of a pupil with a physical impairment and his parents, classmates, PE teachers and personal assistant (study IV). Results show that Swedish PE teachers at primary school level are positive to inclusive PE for pupils with physical disabilities. Factors found to contribute to these positive attitudes were adequate training in inclusive education strategies, supportive school environments and personal resources. In a systematic review of international research PE teachers, in general, were found to have ambivalent attitudes to inclusive PE. This ambivalence was found over cultural borders among the 1200 respondents covered in the 15 articles reviewed and may indicate a latent awareness of the dilemma. Previous experience of having taught PE to pupils with physical disabilities, together with proper education in inclusion, mediated a more positive attitude. The case study of a 10-year-old boy with physical disabilities and significant others in his educational life proved to be a signal example of successful inclusion. Honneth’s three levels of social recognition were used in the analysis. Social recognition at individual, legal and value dimensions is a prerequisite for achieving social justice in inclusive PE settings. Finally, these findings, taken together, indicate a need to address social recognition and redistribution demands simultaneously in order to meet goals of equitable education for pupils with physical disabilities in inclusive PE teaching. Societal (external) and individual factors need to be combined when addressing the issue of social justice in inclusive education. A model of social status, developed by Fraser (2001; 2003), used in conjunction with the notion of plural identities is suggested as a possible resolution to the dilemma described in the thesis.

     

     

  • 327.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Swedish PE Teachers' attitudes toward teaching pupils with physical disabilities in inclusive PE settings2009In: ISAPA, International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity, 2009, p. 1-5Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 328.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Education.
    Vad behövs för att en inkluderande idrottsundervisning för elever med rörelsehinder ska fungera?2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Education.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro universitet.
    ANED country report on equality of educational and training opportunities for young disabled people: Country: Sweden2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose of the report (Terms of Reference) is to review national implementation on equality of educational and training opportunities for young people, and in particular the National Strategic Reports of member states from a disability equality perspective in education and training, and provide the Commission with useful evidence in supporting disability policy mainstreaming. Country: Sweden.

     

  • 330.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro universitet.
    Gill, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för pedagogik.
    Normative approaches to justice in physical education for pupils with physical disabilities: dilemmas of recognition and redistribution2009In: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, E-ISSN 1360-0508, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 331-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seeking social justice in education for pupils with disabilities creates certain dilemmas. A ‘school for all’ means that educators are faced with a dilemma where the notion of ‘disability’ is perceived as ought not to matter, but where in actual fact it seems to matter very much! This article explores ways out of this general educational dilemma using the context of physical education (PE) for pupils with physical disabilities within the compulsory school as an example. Justice theories of resource distribution and cultural recognition affect educational outcomes, where demands are for justice and equity. Fraser’s (2000/2001) notion of ‘social status’, together with a pluralistic approach to identities where personal experiences are given a place, is used to suggest a solution to the dilemma. It is concluded that a redistribution of economic resources and social recognition is necessary if social justice within PE is to become a reality.

  • 331.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Education.
    Danermark, Berth
    Institutet för handikappvetenskap, Örebro Universitet.
    Gill, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Education.
    Swedish Primary School Teachers' attitudes to inclusion: The case of PE and pupils with physical disabilities2010In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 45-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 332.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Education.
    Gill, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Education.
    Systematic Review and Analysis of General Physical Education Teachers' attitudes to inclusion.2012In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 333.
    Jerreholt, Josephine
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Chaparro Martinez, Zoe
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Students' Perspectives on School-related Stress and the Role of the Student Health Services2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the view of a small-scale group of upper secondary school seniors on school-related stress during their last school year in comparison to previous years. A qualitative research method was used and five students partook in semi-structured interviews with open-end questions. The study derived from the perspectives of two theoretical models that were selected due to their relevance; firstly, the Demand-Control Support model, and secondly, the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping. The results show that these upper secondary school seniors describe themselves as less stress than they perceived themselves to be in their second year. Regarding the stress-related effects experienced by these students, it was found that sleep deprivation and anger were the most problematic ones along with their tendencies to compare themselves to others. It was also found that the five participants perceived the school health servieces' work as insufficient in many ways. One of the most recurring suggestions, by the students, on how to improve it was to discuss stress and the availability of the school health services more openly.

  • 334.
    Johansson, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Sjöberg, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Integrationsutmaningar på HVB-hem för ensamkommande flyktingbarn: ur ett personalperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to examine what kind of challenges regarding integration the staff of residential care homes for unaccompanied refugee minors identify and what possibilities they have to handle these. Four qualitative interviews with staff in residential care homes for unaccompanied refugee minors were conducted. The result was analyzed by using the system theoretical perspective of Luhmann on the concepts of inclusion and exclusion in the context of social work. Another tool for analyzation was the different concepts of integration described by Esser and Elwert, called assimilation and intern integration. The respondents described that the residential care homes concepts of integration contributed to increase the chance of inclusion for the adolescents within the majority population and minority population. The daily routines of the residential care home were described to be the tools to include adolescents. This was according to the staff done by educating the adolescents about the Swedish society. The education that were described reflected the awareness of the transmigrant and their floating identity.Keywords: Integration, inclusion, exclusion, assimilation.

  • 335.
    Johansson, Karin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nilsson, Denise
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Hellre vara smutsig en dag extra än att inte komma ut": En kvalitativ studie om fyrtiotalisters sociala behov2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People born 1940-1949 will be more demanding regarding help from the elder care than previous generations. The explanation often proposed is that people born in the 1940’s grew up after the Second World War when cultural changes took place in society. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe the social needs of people born in the 1940’s today, in order to make cautious assumptions about what type of social needs elder care is likely to face in the future, when the older people becomes in need of elder care. A hermeneutic interpretation was made of the interviews with four older people born in the 1940’s who are not in need of elder care at the moment, and one social care assistant. The results showed that people born in the 1940’s want to maintain their current interests and activities in the future. Demands from the 1940’s generation concerning request for help from elder care, will according to this study and previous research, increase, especially concerning social needs and relationships. The conclusion is that the 1940’s generation will have bigger demands on getting various social needs satisfied, but how those needs will be met by the elder care, is still an open question for the future.

  • 336.
    Johansson, Torbjörn
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Boendestödjare: en komplex yrkesroll2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur boendestödjare upplever sin yrkesroll utifrån sitt eget perspektiv. För detta syfte använde jag mig av frågeställningarna om hur de ser på (1) den egna yrkesrollen, (2) det egna handlingsutrymmet samt (3) samverkan. Systemteori samt empowerment fick bilda den teoretiska basen för undersökningen. För att uppnå mitt syfte valde sedan jag narrativ metod för att till fullo kunna ta del av mina informanters upplevelser.Intervjufrågorna kom utifrån vald metod att ersättas av något som mer kom att liknas vid samtal vilket gav mig en bredd men även ett verklighetsnära sammanhang till det informanterna berättade.Några av studiens huvudsakliga resultat var att många av boendestödjarna såg relationen som den mest betydelsefulla faktorn för utföranden av sitt uppdrag. En annan viktig faktor var den tysta kunskapen som många av informanterna besatt. En abstrakt kunskap som påverkade skapandet av det egna utrymmet för att tillmötesgå brukarna utifrån vad de själva trodde var bäst.Slutsatsen av studien visade på boendestödjarnas arbete som en komplex yrkesroll där engagemang och tyst kunskap var betydande faktorer för relationsbyggandet med brukarna.

  • 337.
    Johnsson, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Perceived gender dichotomies in public space in Husby: A qualitative study about how locally anchored women with interest in feminist questions reflect upon gender and public space2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research aim of this study is to explore how locally anchored women with interest for feminist questions perceive and reflect upon the production and reproduction of gender dichotomies in public space in Husby. Moreover, space is flexible and part of a socio-spatial-dialectic which is both produced and reproduced through social interaction which contain power hierarchies. These dialectic notions and gender contracts have been utilized in this study in order to explore perceptions regarding production and reproduction of gender dichotomies. This is a qualitative study and data was collected through semi-structured interviews with locally anchored women in Husby with interest in feminist questions. The results revealed that patriarchal orders and fear of male violence, the city planning, habits, traditional gender contracts, lack of jobs and apartments, and intersectional tendencies were perceived by the interviewees as factors which influence production and reproduction of gender dichotomies in Husby.

  • 338.
    Jonasson, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Fängelset som samhälle: En etnografisk studie av livet på avdelningen för livsochlångtidsdömda på Anstalten Kumla2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fängelset är en värld som de flesta har åsikter om, men som få har insyn i

    och kännedom om. Det är därför viktigt att beskriva fängelset ur ett

    inifrånperspektiv, att återge vad som faktiskt försiggår i innanför murarna.

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att utifrån en livstidsfånges eget perspektiv

    återge en bild utav, sprida nya kunskaper om, och genom sociologisk och

    socialpsykologisk teori skapa en förståelse för hur livet bland livs- och

    långtidsfångar inom en hårt styrd och sluten total institution ser ut.

    Deltagande observation har använts som observationsmetod. Observatören i

    detta fall är inte en fältforskare på besök, utan en intagen som varit en del av

    det undersökta samhället under fem års tid. Resultatet påvisar existensen av

    två dominerande avdelningskulturer. Dels den traditionella fångkulturen och

    dels en mer socialt anpassad kultur, som främst utgörs av intagna utan en

    kriminell identitet. Resultatet påvisar även att majoriteten intagna trivs

    mycket bra på avdelningen, och detta förklaras av att antalet positiva ledare

    tillåts vara fler och starkare än antalet negativa ledare. De positiva ledarna

    har tillsammans med de lågprisoniserade intagna skapat och vidmakthållit

    en kultur som lyckats överleva i harmoni med och stå autonom gentemot de

    attribut och manér som den traditionella fängelsekulturen representerar.

    Atmosfären är alltid korrekt och trevlig. Men lugnet är spänt och bedrägligt

    då många intagna dras med psykiatrisk problematik. Sinnesstämningen alla

    emellan därför är oerhört viktig, och som intagen lär man sig med tiden att

    uppträda respektfullt för att inte rubba dekorum.

  • 339.
    Jonasson, Susanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Klang, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Som en väckarklocka?: Om kriminalitetssamtal ur ungdomarnas perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Youth service consists of two parts: non-paid work and influence program. In the community where this study was performed the social services has chosen to call influence program for criminality counseling. The aim of this study was to see how the adolescents experienced these sessions and if they changed their thinking and their way of life. The method of this study was qualitative in the form of half-structured interviews. The result was analyzed with the help of labeling theory and cognitive theory. The study showed the adolescents experienced the conversations as non-labeling, they contributed to some change in their thinking, none in their way of life and the conversation's necessity was seen as doubtful for themselves but necessary for others. Further studies in how this penalty is experienced and how to best perform it is inquired since by the time this study was made there were few studies like this.

  • 340.
    Jonsson, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Berglund, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    I arbetslöshetens skugga: En kvalitativ studie om arbetslösa ensamstående mödrars upplevelse av sin och sina barns livssituation2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the shadow of unemployment

    The purpose of this paper is to explore how unemployed single mothers who receive income support are experiencing this life, how it affects their identity and self-image and how they feel their lives affect their children. We conducted a qualitative study through interviews of five mothers who find themselves in this situation. From the interviews, we achieved results that indicate that these mothers feel that they are in vulnerable situations and perceive their economic situation was very difficult. The results also show that these mothers perceive themselves and their children are affected both socially and materially, and that their self-images also may become lowered because of that. A desire by mothers to be able to do more for their children than the economy permits has emerged. We have seen signs that the ambient views on these mothers have changed in different ways and that they can experience themselves and their children be excluded and stigmatized by their surroundings because of the life situation.

  • 341.
    Jonsson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Forsman, Amanda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hot och Våld inom Socialtjänsten2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 342.
    Jonsäll, Julia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Lassgård, Hanne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Socialsekreterarens tolkning av barnperspektivet vid utredning av föräldraförmågan hos föräldrar med en intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to provide a greater understanding of what the child'sperspective means in child care investigations when the parent has an intellectualdisability. Five interviews with social workers who are or have been active in child care investigations were conducted. The results showed that the social workers often noticed that parents with an intellectual disability had a lack of parenting skills. The results also showed that there were difficulties in keeping focus on the child's perspective regarding children of parents with an intellectual disability. The most important finding was that all the interviewees considered it difficult to maintain focus on the child's perspective when the parents had an intellectual disability.

  • 343.
    Juma, Dorothy Roseline
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Land Degradation Influences on the Living Conditions of a Farming Community in Kenya2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how land degradation influences the living conditions of a farming community in Kenya. Investigation method used was qualitative research and data collection through semi -structured interviews with chosen farmers, interview with a professional in the relevant profession, and field observation within a farming community in central province of Kenya. In developing countries many families live in rural areas and depend on small scale farming for livelihood. These communities are however faced with poverty from degraded lands as is indicated by the interviews conducted in this rural community where farming activities has resulted in degradation of land. Unhealthy agricultural practices threaten human survival by not only eating innutritious food, but reduction in economic capability, as well as causing loss of biodiversity which is indispensable for environmental sustainability.

  • 344.
    Jutterström, Kim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Östlund, Kajs-Mari
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarn: integrationsarbete2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to explore how unaccompinied refugee children an staff in a range of accomondation, experience the efforts to facilitate integration into society, focusing on education, leisure and language We used four semi-structured interviewes whit staff and residents, located in two diffrent accommondations. This is to get an insight into the active pursuit of integration and the perception  of whether it produced any results. We based our analysis on identity theory and systems theory. Key findings included the importance of finding the right people when that unaccompanied refugee children coming to a new country. Furthermore, the study showed the importance of staff involvement in the Lodging

  • 345.
    Kadric, Nejra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Gilberg, Linn
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Kvinnors brottslighet och dess orsaker: En studie om framträdande riskfaktorer för kvinnor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to identify the risk factors most prominent in women suspected of crimes. For this, a quantitative method was used in which data obtained from personal investigations carried out by the Swedish correctional facility, Kriminalvården, were compared to public statistics of the normal population. In addition, a research overview was made on the subject, where the presence of the selected investigative variables was controlled. The study also highlights the presence of multiple risk factors within the group of women suspected of crime. Most of the risk factors investigated had pronounced stronger outcomes in the group of suspected women, which were also found as strong predictors in the comparative research. The factors mental illness and family dysfunction were the most prominent risk factors in the review of previous research. In the statistical comparison between the group of women suspected for crime and the normal population, the factors mental health, alcohol presence and drug presence were the most prominent differentiated factors. Furthermore the study indicates that the presence of multiple risk factors is common. Based on this, it is possible to discuss how girls can be protected from vulnerability in society as well as how to handle treatment care for offending women.

    English title: Women’s crime and its causes.

  • 346.
    Kakai, Golan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Cyberbullying from students’ perspectives: a qualitative study2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of cyberbullying is a phenomenon that has increased due to the accessibility internet provides and through modern technologies such as; smartphones, iPads and computers. The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences of cyberbullying and prevention strategies among a group of senior high school students. The research questions were: How do the interviewed students experience the extent and the consequences of cyberbullying? What methods and strategies could be used in order to prevent cyberbullying, according to the interviewed students? Four focus groups with students from two senior high schools in Gävle were performed. The results were analyzed from two theoretical perspectives; empowerment and social constructivism. The result showed that the students regarded it important for the schools to involve the students in the prevention work against cyberbullying. The students also described a need of educating teachers about this new phenomena of cyberbullying. Suggestions on how to tackle the issue were made, based on the students’ experiences of prevention methods provided by schools.

  • 347.
    Kalinnikova, Liya
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Trygged, Sven
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    A retrospective on care and denial of children with disabilities in Russia2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 229-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In tsarist Russia, disability care was little developed, yet showed certain similarities with other European countries. Disabled children received support through charities and private philanthropy. The October revolution of 1917 proclaimed a better future for all the country's citizens. Issues: How did the disability policy discussion change after the Russian revolution? Who took care of the so-called feeble-minded? What did this care consist of? Methodology: Study of political and scientific documentation of the period from the end of the 1800s to 1936, along with reflections on the ongoing situation found in the diaries of the head of one child institution, Ekaterina Gracheva. Outcomes: 'Educable' children received schooling, while 'non-educable' children were placed in separate institutions. This marginalisation was reinforced by the focus on the productive worker. Soviet Russia developed defectology as a science and increased the use of institutional solutions. 

  • 348.
    Kalinnikova Magnusson, Liya
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Education.
    Special education in different social context: search for new theoretical approaches2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is analyzing the problem of establishing new theoretical approaches to understanding the family role in up bringing and developing children with disabilities in the society of economic polarization, awakened by the collapse of the USSR and the following market transformation. It shows that economic and social order, established in the post-soviet countries, accelerated economic stratification and socio-cultural inequality, becoming a source of poverty in families with children with disabilities. Inequality of life chances, “double poverty”, reproduction of poverty risks are specific manifestations of economic differences in these families. Theories of human and family resources become powerful instruments of knowledge and understanding of changes taking place. The use of these theories in the areas traditional for these sciences, such as special pedagogy and psychology, significantly extends the analysis of the “new conditions” of family fostering, providing the way of “growing into civilization” for children with disabilities.

  • 349.
    Kalinnikova Magnusson, Liya
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Education.
    Chiperi, Nadezhda
    State Pedagogical University named after I. Creangi.
    Parents with mental retardation and family resources: the narrative of social exclusion in the conditions of extreme poverty [the sample from Republic of Moldova]2014In: Scientific journal of the National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. Series 19: Special Education and Psychology, ISSN 2310-0893, no 26, p. 433-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is analyzing a problem of family resources in the family of single father with mental retardation upbringing two adolescents in the conditions of extreme poverty. Research methodology based on the model of the case study qualitative research within the phenomenological “life world” and hermeneutics approaches. The study has gotten whole description of the father’s “life world” and its structural and essential elements constituting it. It is shown that family “life world” is structured by experience of coping with the extreme poverty within the context of strong social exclusion, and is controlled by the father’s family story and has class socio-economic nature. Family resources such as: health, education, social context and economic conditions of the family and its members are characterized as being affected by different type of limitations and dependence on external “donor’s” sources. The discussion is lifting up the moral-ethical problem of special education and “universal” values and what role should they play in the process of structuring essential elements of ” the life world”  experience in such families.

  • 350.
    Kanth, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Wicksell, Petra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ” … Nu orkar man köra på!”: Socialsekreterares reflektioner kring arbetstidsförkortning inom socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction has in recent years been tested within the social services to counteract high staff turnover and stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate social workers’ reflections on the importance of working time reduction for their experience of the working environment and the client work. A focus group-interview was conducted with four social workers. The social workers expressed that the conditions for recovery increased, while at the same time experiencing less conflict between family and working life. The social workers also described that they felt more physically and mentally present, with more energy for their work. Furthermore, the workplace was perceived as safer as staff turnover decreased. The disadvantages described were that the contradictions between the units within the social services increased and that the accessibility for the clients decreased. Whether social workers is a profession where working hour’s reduction is required is discussed.

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