hig.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
63646566 3251 - 3285 of 3285
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 3251.
    Öborn, Helena
    et al.
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Technology and Intervention, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wettergren, Lena
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Herthelius, Maria
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Technology and Intervention, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Social Work, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Associations between lower urinary tract dysfunction and health-related quality of life in children with chronic kidney disease2016In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, no 8, p. 959-966Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim Little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children with lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated LUTD and other possible predictors of impaired HRQoL in children with conservatively treated moderate to severe CKD or with a kidney transplant.

    Methods All 64 children with CKD or a kidney transplant treated at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, between June 2011 and December 2012 were approached and 59 children aged 8-18 were enrolled in the study. Lower urinary tract function was evaluated with voiding history, frequency and volume chart, uroflowmetry and post void ultrasound measurements. Self-reported HRQoL was assessed with validated generic instruments.

    Results The HRQoL of the study cohort was as good as the general paediatric population, apart from the physical and psychological well-being dimensions, and was no different to children with other chronic conditions. Urinary incontinence, but not LUTD in general, was associated with impaired HRQoL, as was having a kidney transplant and being female in some dimensions.

    Conclusion LUTD was common in children with CKD or a kidney transplant but did not affect their general HRQoL. Predictors of impaired HRQoL included incontinence, having had a kidney transplant and being female.

  • 3252.
    Ödlund, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berg, Lotta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Omvårdnad vid höftfraktur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Patienter med höftfraktur blir allt fler i takt med att medelåldern ökar. Det är en stor och resurskrävande patientgrupp. De har under en längre tid varit underprioriterade vilket har resulterat i långa väntetider till operation.

    Syfte:

    Syftet var att beskriva om det fanns några fördelar att arbeta med höftspår vid höftfrakturer samt att beskriva urvalet av de använda vetenskapliga artiklarna.

    Metod:

    Deskriptiv litteraturstudie med tretton vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Likheter och olikheter i artiklarnas resultat har kategoriserats och sammanställts till fem olika teman.

    Huvudresultat:

    Resultatet visade att det fanns fördelar med att arbeta med omhändertagande via höftspår, detta resulterade i kortare väntetid till operation samt färre komplikationer. Dessa patienter som omhändertogs via höftspår hade även en kortare vårdtid. Risken för mortalitet påverkades inte nämnvärt vid höftspår kontra konventionell vård vid höftfraktur.

    Slutsats:

    I kategorien förkortad tid till operation samt kortare vårdtid kan man se stora positiva skillnader efter införandet av höftspår, i minskade postoperativa komplikationer en viss förbättring. I kategorin minskad risk för dödlighet ses ingen statistisktsignifikant skillnad. Riktlinjerna kring detta höftspår har påverkat omvårdnaden i en positiv riktning. Dessa patienter omhändertas nu med en snabbare och bättre rutin. Det har inte upptäckts några nackdelar med att arbeta med höftspår.

  • 3253.
    Öhberg, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Biomechanical methods and error analysis related to chronic musculoskeletal pain2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Spinal pain is one of humanity’s most frequent complaints with high costs for the individual and society, and is commonly related to spinal disorders. There are many origins behind these disorders e.g., trauma, disc hernia or of other organic origins. However, for many of the disorders, the origin is not known. Thus, more knowledge is needed about how pain affects the neck and neural function in pain affected regions. The purpose of this dissertation was to improve the medical examination of patients suffering from chronic whiplash-associated disorders or other pain related neck-disorders.

    Methods A new assessment tool for objective movement analysis was developed. In addition, basic aspects of proprioceptive information transmission, which can be of relevance for muscular tension and pain, are investigated by studying the coding of populations of different types of sensory afferents by using a new spike sorting method. Both experiments in animal models and humans were studied to accomplish the goals of this dissertation. Four cats where were studied in acute animal experiments. Mixed ensembles of afferents were recorded from L7-S1 dorsal root filaments when mechanical stimulating the innervated muscle. A real-time spike sorting method was developed to sort units in a multi-unit recording. The quantification of population coding was performed using a method based on principal component analysis. In the human studies, 3D neck movement data were collected from 59 subjects with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) and 56 control subjects. Neck movement patterns were identified by processing movement data into parameters describing the rotation of the head for each subject. Classification of neck movement patterns was performed using a neural network using processed collected data as input. Finally, the effect of marker position error on the estimated rotation of the head was evaluated by computer simulations.

    Results Animal experiments showed that mixed ensembles of different types of afferents discriminated better between different muscle stimuli than ensembles of single types of these afferents. All kinds of ensembles showed an increase in discriminative ability with increased ensemble size. It is hypothesized that the main reason for the greater discriminative ability might be the variation in sensitivity tuning among the individual afferents of the mixed ensemble will be larger than that for ensembles of only one type of afferent. In the human studies, the neural networks had a predictivity of 0.89, a sensitivity of 0.90 and a specificity of 0.88 when discriminating between control and WAD subjects. Also, a systematic error along the radial axis of the rigid body added to a single marker had no affect on the estimated rotation of the head.

    Conclusion The developed spike sorting method, using neural networks, was suitable for sorting a multiunit recording into single units when performing neurophysiological experiments. Also, it was shown that neck movement analysis combined with a neural network could build the basis of a decision support system for classifying suspected WAD or other pain related neck-disorders.

  • 3254.
    Öhlund, Lennart S
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Grönbladh, Leif
    Uppsala universitet.
    Patterns of deviance career in the history of female methadone clients: an exploratory study2009In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 95-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe the drug career of 71 severely opioid-dependent women who had a history of selling sex and were enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, from medical records and reports from social agencies and correctional institutions. The sequential pattern could be described in the following order: initiation of the first drug of abuse, opioid onset, initiation of selling sex, first non-methadone treatment episode, first sentence and, finally, methadone maintenance treatment. There were significant age differences and correlations between most of the events. The main correlation (r = 0.70) was the one between debut of opioid use and selling sex, which was confirmed in a stepwise multiple regression analysis. In addition, a history of running away from home advanced the age at which the women started selling sex for those with an onset of opioid use at an older age than the mean of 18.4 years.

  • 3255.
    Öhlund, Lennart S.
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
    Gunne, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The treatment goal in maintenance treatment of heroin addiction ought to be more than retention2013In: Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems, ISSN 1592-1638, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 53-56Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3256.
    Öhman, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    Jogin, Jennie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans omvårdnadserfarenheter av patienter med en strokediagnos2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Stroke tillhör en av våra största folksjukdomar och förblir en av de sjukdomar som kräver de högsta dödsantalen och ger allvarliga följder med omfattande funktionsnedsättningar. Följderna efter en stroke varierar beroende av vart och med vilken omfattning skadan orsakat, vilket ger en varierande symptombild med olika grader av funktionsnedsättningar. Detta gör omvårdnaden av en strokepatient till komplex som ställer höga krav på en individuellt anpassad vårdplan med anpassade professioner som omger patienten.

     

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att undersöka sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med en strokediagnos. 

     

    Metod En beskrivande litteraturstudie som baserats på resultatet av 10 kvalitativa och 3 kvantitativa artiklar.

     

    Huvudresultat Det framkommer att sjuksköterskan har en viktig uppgift i att arbeta kliniskt och nära patienten men att det på grund av brist på resurser och utbildning är svårt att ge en tillfredställande omvårdnad. Sjuksköterskans position bland andra professioner upplevs inte heller som självklar och behöver vara väldefinierad för att kunna säkerställa att patientens vård är av hög kvalitet. Det framkommer även att sjuksköterskan i sin omvårdnad behöver involvera patienten mer i kommunikationen genom att lära känna personen bakom patienten för att på så vis förbättra återhämtningen efter en stroke.

     

    Slutsats Sjuksköterskan utgör en nyckelroll vid omvårdnaden av strokepatienten. Studier visar dock att det saknas kunskap, utbildning och förståelse från både organisation och sjuksköterskor vilket på flera sätt sänker patientens vårdkvalitet.

  • 3257.
    Öhman, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
    Jonsson, Isabelle
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
    Hur personer med hypotyreos upplever sin livskvalité2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrine diseases. Every year, people get sick with the disease and most commonly, women are affected. Being affected by hypothyroidism means that there is a lack of thyroid hormones in the thyroid gland and makes the energy production goes to a low saver. Competence requirements are imposed on the nurse in the caring process of patients with hypothyroidism as the consequences of the disease may appear diffuse and difficult to measure. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe how people with hypothyroidism experience their quality of life. Method: This study is a descriptive literature study. Eleven articles with both qualitative and quantitative design have been analyzed and divided into themes and sub-themes. Main Results: People with hypothyroidism experienced neither a better quality of life nor improvements in thyroid-related symptoms despite being medicated. The feeling of these people was that they felt weak, powerless, drained of energy and that their daily activities were limited. A feeling of misunderstanding was experienced in health care when the doctors focused mainly on the person's test results. Although the doctor mentioned that the blood values were within reference, people with hypothyroidism felt that a number of symptoms remained. Conclusion: People with hypothyroidism express dissatisfaction with their experience of quality of life, their medication and even the care relationship. Living with hypothyroidism means that you may have remaining symptoms despite medication and the quality of life for these people is adversely affected. Through an increased understanding of this complex illness, the nurse could contribute with greater security and help these people by creating a better care relationship.

  • 3258.
    Öhman, Louisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hur sjuksköterskor kan bidra till följsamhet av basala hygienrutiner inom kommunal vård och omsorg2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Basic hygiene is an important measure to prevent healthcare associated infections, save patients’ lives, and reduce economic costs for health care. Healthcare associated infections are a threat to patient safety. In community care persons who are the care takers are a risk group and nurses must make sure that basic hygiene procedures are followed.

    Method: Literature studies with descriptive design, article search in databases Cinahl and PubMed. The results found are based on twelve chosen articles.

    Aim: To describe factors related to adherence to basic hygiene and how nurses in community care can help to improve compliance with these procedures.

    Results: In the nursing staff and leadership in health care interest in and the understanding of basic hygiene is described as being of most importance. Lack of knowledge of the meaning of patient care cleanliness, negative attitudes and non-existing availability of necessary tools and heavy workload had a negative impact. Intensified education and making sure that equipment is available as well as the application of standardized methods, were found to be prerequisite for adherence to basic hygiene routines.

    Conclusion: Nurses can contribute to improved adherence to basic hygiene routines by promoting education, positive attitudes, a positive adaption of the physical environment, strategic structuring of the workload, and standardized methods, applying basic hygiene routines, being part of and promoting increased interaction in nursing care. Suggestions for future studies is to implement web-based courses, updating courses and training in basic hygiene routines in the workplace. That may increase knowledge, understanding and awareness of the application of basic hygiene routines hence leading to improved nursing care and enhancing patient safety.

  • 3259.
    Öhman, Michaela
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Östergrens, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att möta patienter med psykossjukdom inom den somatiska vården: En beskrivande litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year approximately 2000 people in Sweden fall ill to some kind of psychotic disorder. Psychotic disorders are often associated with prejudice and stigma. Research has shown a connection between the expected external stigma, internal stigma and the recovery of patients with a psychotic disorder. It has also been described that patients with a psychotic disorder has received insufficient care due to their psychiatric illness.    

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how nurses experience the encounter with patients that are suffering from a psychotic disorder within the somatic inpatient and outpatient care.

    Method: A descriptive literature study based on 5 qualitative and 5 quantitative scientific articles. The databases that was used to obtain articles was PubMed and Cinahl.   

    Main result: It appeared that there is a substantial lack of knowledge regarding psychotic disorders within the somatic care. Nurses often experienced feelings of fear, tension and insecurity, which made the encounter with these patients problematic. Limitations such as time constraints contributed to unfavourable conditions in the care of patients with a psychotic disorder.   

    Conclusion: Stigma, lack of knowledge and deficiencies in the care environment could make the care that patients with a psychotic disorder receive inadequate. Therefore, it is important that nurses in the somatic inpatient and outpatient care become aware of their own preconceptions and attitudes towards these patients, and that nurses get access to additional knowledge on this topic. The somatic units should also try to make improvements in the care environment.

  • 3260.
    Öholm-Lundahl, Helen
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Mählqvist, Evalena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av intravenös jämfört med nasal smärtlindring inom ambulanssjukvården i Stockholm: En empirisk studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A common symptom of ambulance care is pain, which can often exacerbate the pain already experienced by the patient, as the necessary movements are carried out by the crew to the stern and ambulance. It is the nurses in the ambulance crew who assess whether pain relief is required urgently or not during transport to hospitals.   Objective: The purpose of this study was to study patient´s experiences of intranasal (i.n) pain relief compared to intravenous (i.v) pain relief within the ambulance service in Stockholm area.    Method: The study is an empirical study with a descriptive design.   Main results: The study showed that the only significant difference in the area where the experience of anxiety and/or fear was measured in connection with i. n versus i. v. pain relief method. It was more that experienced a negative aspect in the form of anxiety and or fear in the group that received in n pain relief. No other significant differences in the experience of pain relief, satisfaction of neither the ring's power, the way to obtain the medicine or experience side effects was demonstrated. A comparison of the reported showed that the most common side effect was nausea, and it was most common in the group that received in n pain relief.   Conclusion: Based on this result, one can question whether the mode of administration is crucial for the effect and experience of positive or negative aspects of pain management. 

  • 3261.
    Öhrn, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Steinmark, Heidie
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Mjuk massage för personer med demens: personal och patienters perspektiv2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with the literature study was to describe how persons with dementia and health care workers in the geriatric care experiences soft massage and to describe the derived effects for persons with dementia. Scientific articles were sampled from the databases: Medline (Pub Med), Cinahl and Psyc INFO. The main results of the study are presented in three parts: how persons with dementia experiences soft massage, health care workers experiences of giving soft massage and the health care workers descriptions on derived effects on persons with dementia. The results showed that persons with dementia experienced a positive reaction to soft massage and the health care workers did no longer feel helpless in their care service towards persons with dementia. The studies showed that soft massage decreased agitation, wandering, pain and sleeplessness. Not all persons with dementia was receptive to soft massage, therefore an ethical awareness was required by the health care workers.

  • 3262.
    Ölund, Charlotta
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Att vara prövad men inte uppgiven - konsten att leva med bensår2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur patienter med bensår upplever sin vardag ur ett fysiskt, känslomässigt, och socialt perspektiv. Studien hade en beskrivande design med kvalitativ ansats. Tio patienter med bensår från tre hälsocentraler intervjuades och materialet bearbetades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet redovisades utifrån temat: Att vara prövad men inte uppgiven som bildades av tre kategorier: Sårets kondition, Komplikationer till att leva med bensår samt Anpassning till att leva med bensår. Temat beskrev att patienter med bensår hade många svårigheter men att de, samtidigt, på olika sätt, tog itu med dessa svårigheter för att kunna leva ett så bra liv som möjligt. Sårets kondition hade stor betydelse för patientens upplevelse av smärta. Många patienter var otillräckligt smärtlindrade och hade ont både dag och natt. Andra besvär var lukt och läckage från såret. Komplikationer till att leva med bensår innebar känslomässiga påfrestningar så som nedstämdhet, ilska och oro. Fysiska svårigheter bestod i att inte orka gå längre sträckor. Praktiska besvär innefattade att behöva hjälp med vardagliga sysslor. Många patienter hade svårt att upprätthålla sina sociala kontakter. Patienternas anpassning till att leva med bensår var stor och de använde sig av både praktiska och känslomässiga copingstrategier.

  • 3263.
    Öman-Olsson, Linn
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gunnarsson, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans stöd till en hälsosam förändring för överviktiga barn och deras familjer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to describe how the nurse can support overweight children and their families and to describe what support these children and their families request from the nurse in order to make a healthy change. Furthermore the intent is to review the included articles quality regarding the data collection method.

    Method: A systematic research in the databases Cinahl and Academic Search Elite was used to find the articles. The systematic research lead to 11 articles that was included in this study.

    Result: Children suffering from overweight and their parents wish to get an increased support from the health care through in example individual programs for the entire family. The nurse can use a neutral language and the growth chart in order to make the families observe the overweight of the children. Another good method for the nurse to use is motivational interviewing. Different intervention programs have been produced to support overweight children and their parents and are a good way to highlight the living habits and to make an individual plan for the families. The data collection method is explicitly described in all of the 11 included articles.

    Conclusion: The present literature review shows that overweight children and their families want more support from nurses and healthcare. Nurses need more education to be able to pay attention to the kids and parents on the issue. By developing and strengthening the procedures and tools that have been developed, the nurse may be strengthened in their professional role in efforts to support overweight children and their parents.

  • 3264.
    Österberg, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Söderström, Hanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att vara anhörig till en demenssjuk person: en litteraturstudie som belyser livssituationen ur ett anhörigperspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: to examine the effects on the lives of people who are related to someone with dementia.

    Method: A literature review with descriptive design. The study was based on 13 articles collected in the databases PubMed and Cinahl.

    Result: The results showed a marked change in the lives of those related to a person diagnosed with dementia, and the life situation was affected in multiple ways. The type of relationship the relative and the ill person had before the disease could in some instances affect how the relative experienced the situation. The results demonstrated emotions like isolation, anger, powerlessness, as well as loss and guilt. In dealing with the role as caregiver factors like having a positive attitude and a good support system was mentioned. Very often the relatives would maintain their roles as caregivers as long as possible, but when the situation became untenable, the move to assisted living was inevitable.

    Conclusion: The results of the study showed that the overall impact on the lives of relatives of people diagnosed with dementia was negative. There is some research on how the lives of relatives of people with dementia are affected, but in order for nurses to give the best support possible, there is a need for even more research and publications on this topic.

  • 3265.
    Österberg, John
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rahim, Namir
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    En beskrivning av hur personer med diabetes typ 2 upplever att genomgå livsstilsförändringar till följd av sjukdomen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Diabetes är en av de sjukdomar som är mest växande globalt. I Sverige är det över 400 000 människor som lever med diabetes. Diabetessjukdomen finns i olika former och de vanligaste formerna är diabetes typ 1 och diabetes typ 2. Risken att bli drabbad av den sjukdomen ökar vid fetma, tobaks- och alkoholkonsumtion. Därför kan det bli nödvändigt att genomföra livsstilsförändring för att förbättra den mentala och fysiska hälsan hos personer som lever med diabetes typ 2.

     

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur personer med diabetes typ 2 upplever att genomgå livsstilsförändringar till följd av sjukdomen. Syftet var också att beskriva datainsamlingsmetoderna i de inkluderade artiklarna i resultatet.

     

    Metod: En litteraturstudie med en deskriptiv design som baserades på 14 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar.

     

    Huvudresultat: Resultatet för denna litteraturstudie baserades på möjligheter och svårigheter som påverkade upplevelsen av att genomgå livsstilsförändringar hos personer med diabetes typ 2. Utifrån möjligheter har fyra subteman identifierat: Kost och motion som motivationsfaktorer, erhållen kunskap, betydelsen av stöd från omgivningen och att ta personligt ansvar. I huvudteman svårigheter presenterades dessa subteman: Kost- och motions påverkan på det sociala och vardagliga livet, brist på kunskap samt krav och inre kamp.

     

    Slutsats: Flera personer fick blandade känslor utifrån upplevda möjligheter och svårigheter som de har stött på under livsstilsförändringen. Det blir viktigt att sjukvårdspersonal får en bättre helhetsförståelse kring patienters olika upplevelser av att genomgå en livsstilsförändring för att kunna optimera en personcentrerad vård, egenvårdsinsatser och tillgodose patienters egenvårdsbehov.

  • 3266.
    Östergren, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
    Hinder och förutsättningar för nyanlända; ett perspektiv från människor som arbetar med nyanländas mottagande: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3267.
    Östergårds, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Aburweileh, Hossam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Vuxna patienters upplevelser av den palliativa vården i hemmet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year, about 90 000 people in Sweden die and most of them are in need of palliative care. The individual should as far as possible be able to decide if he or she wants to die at home or in hospice care. Historically, palliative care was meant to treat people with cancer but has gradually evolved to treat several types of disorders.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe how adults perceive palliative care in their home, as well as to study the selected articles data collection method.

    Method: The present study has a descriptive design. The study results are based on eleven scientific articles, ten with qualitative approach, and one with a mixed approach. All articles were reviewed by both authors and color marked depending on the content. The articles were identified through databases CINAHL and Pubmed.

    Main Results: The palliative care at home was perceived largely as positive among patients. It was highly valued having their relatives close and to reside in their familiar home environment at the end of life. It also emerged that the palliative patients were concerned about being a burden to their families. By having paramedics in their home as well as support from relatives they were given the opportunity to be able to handle everyday activities on their own, which turned out to generate quality of life. Dignity of the palliative patients was described by the concepts of integrity, well-being and self-determination. Good communication and continuity was seen as important factors for the patients.

    Conclusion: Palliative patients who received care at home looked largely positive about the care they received. They felt that the cooperation between health care and their families was essential for safe care in their home. These patients' desire to be cared for and die at home should be a priority as it will lead to increased quality of life. Results of this study gives a clear indication of development areas in palliative care.

  • 3268.
    Österlund, Catharina
    et al.
    University of Umeå, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Clinical Oral Physiology, Umeå, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Evelina
    University of Umeå, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Clinical Oral Physiology, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hellström, Fredrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Häger, Charlotte K.
    University of Umeå, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå, Sweden.
    Häggman-Henrikson, Birgitta
    University of Malmö, Faculty of Odontology, Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Malmö, Sweden.; Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences (SCON), Malmö, Sweden.
    Jaw-neck movement integration in 6-year old children differs from that of adults2020In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, ISSN 0305-182X, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 27-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A functional integration between the jaw and neck regions during purposive jaw movements is well described in adults, but there is a lack of knowledge of such integration during jaw function in children.; Objectives: To determine the movement integration between the jaw and neck during jaw motor tasks in 6-year-olds, whether there is a difference between children and adults.; Methods: Jaw and neck movements were recorded with an optoelectronic 3D system in 25 healthy 6-year-olds (12 girls, 13 boys) and 24 healthy adults (12 women, 12 men) during paced jaw opening-closing and self-paced gum chewing. Jaw and neck movement amplitudes, intra-individual variation in movement amplitude, ratio between neck-jaw movement amplitudes, and movement cycle time were analysed. Differences between children and adults were evaluated with Mann-Whitney U test for independent samples.; Results: Compared to adults, 6-year old children showed larger neck movement amplitudes (P=0.008) during chewing, higher intra-individual variability in amplitudes of jaw (P=0.008) and neck (P=0.001) movements, higher ratio between neck-jaw movement amplitudes for jaw opening-closing (P=0.026) and chewing (P=0.003), and longer jaw movement cycle time (P≤0.0001) during the jaw opening-closing task.; Conclusion: Despite integrated jaw-neck movements in 6-year old children, the movement pattern differs from that of adults and may be interpreted as an immature programming of jaw-neck motor behavior. The well-integrated movements observed in adults most likely develop over years, perhaps into adolescence, and needs further research including well controlled longitudinal studies to map this development in order to provide appropriate age-related clinical treatment for functional disorders. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.; This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  • 3269.
    Österlund, Liza
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Elever i årskurs 6 och deras inställning till ämnet Idrott och hälsa: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Våra barn och unga mår idag allt sämre fysiskt och psykiskt. I samband med det ökar även problemet med inaktiva och stillasittandet barn. Skolan är en viktig arena och ämnet Idrott och hälsa har en betydande roll för att skapa fysiskt aktiva barn och unga. För att minska stillasittandet bland unga behöver vi veta vad som får elever att vilja delta på idrottslektioner. Motivation ses som centralt för att kunna förstå det mänskliga beteendet. Därför var syftet med studien att undersöka elevers inställning och motivation till ämnet Idrott och hälsa. Studien undersökte även hur eleverna upplever sin idrottslärares förmåga att motivera till ett deltagande. Metoden i studien är semistrukturerade intervjuer, då intervjuer lämpar sig bra när man vill undersöka människors tankar, känslor eller upplevelser. I en storstad i Sverige har tre elever i årskurs 6 intervjuats. Resultatet visade att eleverna hade en positiv inställning till skolämnet Idrott och hälsa. Motivationen ökade när de tyckte någon aktivitet var rolig eller när de kände sig duktiga, vilket ökade känslan av meningsfullhet Alla tre elever upplevde sin idrottslärare motiverande genom att han var sträng och snäll. 

  • 3270.
    Östgård, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vårdpersonalens upplevelser av att vårda personer med Beteendemässiga och Psykiska Symtom vid Demens (BPSD)2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More and more people suffer from dementia and a large part of these is affected by some point of one or several behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). BPSD creates great suffering for the affected but can also be difficult for the people around them to manage, relatives and health professionals, and is a big reason that a person moves in to a nursing facility. The aim of this study was to describe health professional’s experience of caring for persons with behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia, BPSD. The study had a descriptive design with qualitative approach. Data were collected through six individual semi-structured interviews. By convenience sampling, nursing assistant working at a nursing facility for people with dementia in Sweden were recruited. Data were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. A theme emerged, “Difficulties to find a balance between need and resource”. The informants experienced their work in caring for people with BPSD as a great challenge but also as very awarding. The feeling of being inadequate, lacking knowledge or ability to handle certain situations or symptoms and lack of resources perceived as stressful by the informants. Aggressiveness and anxiety in individuals with BPSD were experienced as the most difficult to handle. The results also showed that the informants experienced working with persons with BPSD as exiting, interesting and fun and that they felt satisfaction in being there for the person with BPSD and to be able to contribute to their well-being. The conclusion in this study shows that informants experienced great challenges in their work to create wellbeing for people with BPSD. Support and education could increase the job satisfaction for the health personnel but also increase the quality of life for people with BPSD.

  • 3271.
    Östlin, Kajsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Jansson, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vuxna personers erfarenheter av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 2: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Antal fall av diabetes mellitus typ 2 ökar i Sverige samt över hela världen. Okunskap om hur sjukdomen utvecklas och hanteras kan leda till komplikationer och andra sjukdomar.

    Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva vuxna personers erfarenheter av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 2, samt att beskriva de inkluderade artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod.

    Metod: Litteraturstudien har deskriptiv design. Studien inkluderar 12 kvalitativa artiklar funna i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl.

    Huvudresultat: I analysen av artiklarna framkom kategorier som besvarade vuxna personers erfarenheter av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 2. Kategorierna var: Erfarenheter av att ha diagnostiseras med diabetes typ 2, Vuxna personers erfarenheter av kontroll och behandling av diabetes typ 2, Erfarenheter av kostförändringar i samband med diabetes typ 2 hos vuxna personer, Erfarenheter av sociala sammanhang hos vuxna personer med diabetes typ 2 och Erfarenheter och hanteringssätt att leva med sin diabetes typ 2. Resultatet reflekterar positiva och negativa erfarenheter i det vardagliga livet i hos personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2.

    Slutsater: Att få diabetes mellitus typ 2 medförde många olika känslor hos flera informanter. Diabetes påverkade vardagliga livet och krävde förändringar i den drabbades liv. Flera informanter erfor frustation över vården och många erfor stöd från familj och vänner. Rädsla för att drabbas av komplikationer till följd av sin sjukdom och inte få se sina barn växa upp gav motivation till att ta hand om sin sjukdom. 

  • 3272.
    Östlund, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Hillberg, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att leva med närstående som drabbats av Alzheimers sjukdom: -En beskrivande litteraturstudie-2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract The aim of the study was to describe relative’s experiences of living with or near a person that has Alzheimer’s disease. The study builds on social, physical and psychic perspectives. The studies were based on 18 scientific articles that were quality checked with the aid of a review model. Articles were applied for through the databases Academic Search Elite, Cinahl and Vård I Norden Online. The selection criteria’s were that the articles replied on the study's aim, were written on Swedish or English and published between the years 2000 to 2008. The result showed that relatives were set to a dramatic change that were requiring, challenging and the relatives experienced dread, sorrow, stress and debt. The social network decreased and the result was often decreased loneliness and isolation. The result also showed that the relatives were in need of aid from family and friends, and from the healthcare. To summary the majority experienced that the burden increased of being relatives to a person with Alzheimer’s disease.

    Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, family, relatives, experience.

  • 3273.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av och tillvägagångssätt vid ett motiverande samtal2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 3274.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Uppsala universitet.
    Motivational Interviewing in Primary Care: Nurses' experiences and actual use of the method2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of the present thesis was to describe and examine primary care nurses´ self-reports on training, use and performance as well as experiences and actual performance of MI.

    Method: One qualitative and three quantitative studies were conducted among primary care nurses. A study-specific questionnaire was sent to 980 primary care nurses and 673 (69%) responded (Study I). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 MI trained primary care nurses (Study II). MI sessions between 12 (Study III) respective 23 (Study IV) primary care nurses and patients (total 32 respective 50 sessions) were audio-recorded. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis, Motivational Interviewing Integrity Code, Motivational Interviewing Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchanges and statistical analysis.

    Results: The findings showed that primary care nurses reported and experienced lack of training in MI and lack of prerequisites for using MI (Study I-II), while training, knowledge, prerequisites and time were associated with use of MI. They also reported and experienced that MI facilitated their work with patients (Study I-II) as well as elicited their own ability to motivate and be empathetic (Study II). About half of the primary care nurses reported that they used MI (Study I), and none of the nurses (Study III) achieved the approved skill levels in MI in their recorded sessions. They overestimated their performance on six of eight aspects of MI (Study III). The most frequently used nurse talk in the recorded sessions was neutral, which is not consistent with MI. Questions and reflections directed toward change were most likely to be followed by change talk among patients (Study IV).

    Conclusions: Self-reported knowledge about MI and personal as well as workplace prerequisites for using it were associated with self-reported use of MI. Participating nurses´ experienced that MI requires openness, practice, support, feedback and willingness. The participating primary care nurses did not achieve approved levels of MI skills in their recorded MI sessions. Patients´ change talk is more likely to occur after open questions, complex reflections as well as after questions and reflections directed toward change.

  • 3275.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Primary care nurses' performance in motivational interviewing: a quantitative descriptive study2015In: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 89-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Motivational interviewing is a collaborative conversational style intended to strengthen motivation to change. It has been shown to be effective in addressing many different lifestyle problems as well as in chronic disease management, and many disease prevention guidelines promote use of motivational interviewing. The aim of the present study was twofold: to assess to what extent the primary care nurses in the study perform motivational interviewing according to the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity Code and to investigate how the participating primary care nurses rated their own performance in motivational interviewing.

    Method: The study was based on twelve primary care nurses’ audio-recorded motivational interviewing sessions with patients (total 32 sessions). After each session, the nurses completed a questionnaire regarding their experience of their own performance in motivational interviewing. The audio-recorded sessions were analyzed using Motivational Interviewing Integrity Code 3.1.1.

    Results: None of the nurses achieved beginning proficiency in all parts of any motivational interviewing sessions and two nurses did not achieve beginning proficiency in any parts or sessions. Making more complex than simple reflections was the specific verbal behavior/summary score that most nurses achieved. Beginning proficiency/competency in “percent open questions” was the summary score that fewest achieved.

    Conclusion: Primary care nurses did not achieve beginning proficiency/competency in all aspects of motivational interviewing in their recorded sessions with patients, where lifestyle change was discussed. This indicates a need for improvement and thus additional training, feedback and supervision in clinical practice with motivational interviewing.

  • 3276.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    District nurses' and registered nurses' training in and use of motivational interviewing in primary care settings2014In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 23, no 15-16, p. 2284-2294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives

    To examine to what extent district nurses and registered nurses have training in motivational interviewing, to what extent they use it and what prerequisites they have for using it; to compare district nurses and registered nurses, as well as to compare users and nonusers of motivational interviewing; and to examine possible relationships between use of motivational interviewing and the variables training, supervision and feedback in motivational interviewing and prerequisites for use.

    Background

    Motivational interviewing is an effective method for motivating patients to change their lifestyle, used increasingly in primary care.

    Design

    A cross-sectional survey study.

    Methods

    A study-specific questionnaire was sent to all district nurses and registered nurses (n = 980) in primary care in three counties in Sweden, from September 2011–January 2012; 673 (69%) responded. Differences between groups as well as relationships between study variables were tested.

    Results

    According to self-reports, 59% of the respondents had training in motivational interviewing and 57% used it. Approximately 15% of those who reported using it had no specific training in the method. More district nurses than registered nurses had training in motivational interviewing and used it. The following factors were independently associated with the use of motivational interviewing: training in and knowledge of motivational interviewing, conditions for using it, time and absence of ‘other’ obstacles.

    Conclusions

    Having knowledge in motivational interviewing and personal as well as workplace prerequisites for using it may promote increased use of motivational interviewing.

    Relevance to clinical practice

    Having the prerequisites for using motivational interviewing at the workplace is of significance to the use of motivational interviewing. In the context of primary care, district nurses seem to have better prerequisites than registered nurses for using motivational interviewing.

  • 3277.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lindqvist, Helena
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, MIC Lab, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Primary care nurses' communication and its influence on patient talk during motivational interviewing2016In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 72, no 11, p. 2844-2856Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    To describe what verbal behaviors/kinds of talk occur during recorded motivational interviewing sessions between nurses in primary care and their patients. The aim was also to examine what kinds of nurse talk predict patient change talk, neutral talk and/or sustain talk.

    Background

    Motivational interviewing is a collaborative conversational style. It has been shown to be effective, in addressing health behaviors such as diet, exercise, weight loss and chronic disease management. In Sweden, it is one of the approaches to disease prevention conversations with patients recommended in the National Guidelines for Disease Prevention. Research on the mechanisms underlying motivational interviewing is growing, but research on motivational interviewing and disease prevention has also been called for.

    Design

    A descriptive and predictive design was used.

    Methods

    Data were collected during 2011-2014. Fifty audio-recorded motivational interviewing sessions between 23 primary care nurses and 50 patients were analyzed using Motivational Interviewing Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchanges. The frequency of specific kinds of talk and sequential analysis (to predict patient talk from nurse talk) were computed using the software Generalized Sequential Querier 5.

    Findings

    The primary care nurses and patients used neutral talk most frequently. Open and negative questions, complex and positive reflections were significantly more likely to be followed by change talk and motivational interviewing-inconsistent talk, positive questions and negative reflections by sustain talk.

    Conclusions

    To increase patients’ change talk, primary care nurses need to use more open questions, complex reflections as well as questions and reflections directed toward change.

  • 3278.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Motivational interviewing: Experiences of primary care nurses trained in the method2015In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 111-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivational interviewing is a person-centered counseling style used to promote behavioral change regarding a wide variety of lifestyle problems. Use of motivational interview is growing worldwide and among many different healthcare professions, including primary care nursing. The study aim was to describe motivational interview trained nurses' experiences of motivational interviewing in primary care settings. The study had a qualitative descriptive design. It was carried out in Swedish primary care settings in two county council districts, with 20 primary care nurses trained in motivational interviewing. Half of them used the method in their work, half did not. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were used. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The nurses experienced that openness to the approach and an encouraging working climate are required to overcome internal resistance and to increase use of motivational interviewing. They also experienced mutual benefit: motivational interviewing elicits and develops abilities in both nurses and patients. For the nurses using it, motivational interviewing is perceived to facilitate work with patients in need of lifestyle change. Lack of training/education, support, interest and appropriate work tasks/patients are reasons for not using motivational interviewing.

  • 3279.
    Östlund, Frida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Mossberg, Marianne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor och stress: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskornas upplevelse av stress i yrket. Metoden som användes var en litteraturstudie som baserade sig på 17 artiklar. Resultatet blev tydligt att stressen var en nedbrytande faktor för de nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskorna. Upplevelsen att det förväntades av dem att vara en självständig sjuksköterska och kunna allt från början skapade stress. Den kliniska kunskapen och ledarskapsrollen har den nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskan för lite träning på och detta anses vara en brist i utbildningen. Stressen kan bli och var en början till utmattningssyndrom för många nyutexaminerade. Det var ett stort antal nyutexaminerade som hade tankar om att sluta redan tidigt i sjuksköterskeyrket. De sjuksköterskor som upplevde arbetsglädje och fick sina behov tillfredsställda kände inte av stressen på samma vis. Faktorerna som oftast kom upp som orsak att till öka stressen var när arbetsmiljö, ledning, bemanning och kontakten med kollegor inte fungerade. Slutsats Det är viktigt att vara medveten om stressen som nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska och ta ansvar för sin egen hälsa. Ledningen inom hälso- och sjukvården bör öka sin medvetenhet om sjuksköterskeyrkets risker.

  • 3280.
    Östlund, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Blad, Linda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitets inverkan på individers mentala hälsa som depression och nedstämdhet vid ischemisk hjärtsjukdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One in five individuals with ischemic heart disease suffer from depressive disorders. Depression in individuals with ischemic heart disease leads to increased mortality. Previous research has shown that physical activity has an effect on people`s mental health in depression. Mortality in ischemic heart disease decreases and the need for cardiac rehabilitation increases.

    Aim: The purpose was to investigate the impact physical activity had on the mental health of individuals with ischemic heart disease, as well as describe the study groups of the included studies.

    Method: A descriptive literature study of 11 quantitative scientific articles. The articles were searched in the databases PubMed and Cinahl.

    Main results: Physical activity had a positive effect on depression and sedation in patients with ischemic heart disease. Only the physical exercise`s effect on depression was difficult to measure and prove, but research showed that improved fitness in many cases led to a reduction of depressive disorders. The effects of physical activity tended to differ between men and women. The number of participants in the studies was between 62-522 and more men than women participated. The majority of the studies had an average age of participants between 61-67.5 years.

    Conclusion: Physical activity improved the mental health of individuals with ischemic heart disease. It was difficult to prove that physical activity alone, was what affected mental health, because many aspects apart from physical activity, are part of a rehabilitation program. However, highlighting the importance of physical activity from more than one aspect should increase the conditions to motivate more people to participate in exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation. It will not only be a benefit to the patient but also a profit for the society.

  • 3281.
    Östlund, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    En kvalitativ studie om upplevda möjligheter och begränsningar med hälsofrämjande öppen förskola: Ett uppdrag från Salutsatsningen i Västerbottens Läns Landsting2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine how open pre-school as an arena for health promotion worked. The focus was on the employees’ experiences of the opportunities and limits in their work. The study was a comission from Salutsatsningen in Västerbotten County Council in Sweden. The method was a qualitative approach and five interviews were conducted with employees in open pre-schools in Västerbotten. The interviews were based on the criteria that served as guidelines in the employees’ work. The three main elements (criteria) were psychosocial health, diet and physical activity. The results showed that the employees had adequate procedures for their health promotion work. They experienced opportunities to support parents in their parenting and to promote healthy messages to the visitors in open pre- school. The limits they experienced were primarily in the form of cooking facilities and physical activities. Collaboration with other actors as Child health center, Maternity Care, Social Services and Dental health was also crucial to health promotion work. The conclusion was that the health promotion work in Västerbotten has a solid foundation to strengthen and support children and parents and also to promote healthy messages. But there are some deficiencies in the area of knowledge among staff and lack of clarity from Salut regarding certain criteria.

  • 3282.
    Östlund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Wennman-Larsen, Agneta
    Persson, Carina
    Gustavsson, Petter
    Wengström, Yvonne
    Mental health in significant others of patients dying from lung cancer2010In: Psycho-Oncology, ISSN 1057-9249, E-ISSN 1099-1611, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 29-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3283.
    Strömberg, Annika (Editor)
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Forskning pågår 2018: Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv2018Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsrådet vid Akademin för Hälsa och Arbetsliv har identifierat behovet av att synliggöra den forskning som bedrivs inom akademin ämnesområden. Som en del i detta arbete samlade forskningsrådet inför 2018 in projektbeskrivningar för pågående projekt. Det huvudsakliga syftet var att få överblick över forskningsverksamheten vid akademin. För att även kunna kommunicera den forskning som pågår, såväl internt som externt, har vi valt att publicera projektbeskrivningarna i denna rapport.

    Titeln på rapporten ”Forskning pågår” signalerar att forskning bedrivs i föränderliga processer. Forskningens ständiga utveckling gör att rapporten ger en ögonblicksbild av forskningens inriktning och innehåll. Projekt formas, omformas och nya projekt startar upp. I rapporten har projekten sorterats under temporära samlingsrubriker som vi idag ser som starka inriktningar för forskningen vid akademin. I arbetet med att samla forskningen i styrkeområden kommer även dessa inriktningar att kunna förändras.

  • 3284.
    Strömberg, Annika (Editor)
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
    Forskning pågår 2019: Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom denna rapport vill vi synliggöra den forskning som bedrivs inom Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv. Som underlag samlar forskningsrådet vid akademin årligen in projektbeskrivningar från forskarna kring pågående projekt. Rapporten är tänkt att ge en överblick över forskningens inriktning och innehåll. Rapporten bidrar även till att kunna kommunicera pågående forskning såväl internt som externt.

    I rapporten har projekten sorterats under temporära samlingsrubriker som vi idag ser som starka inriktningar för forskningen vid akademin. Forskning och kunskapande sker i processer där både innehåll och inriktning flyttas under resans gång. Projekt formas, omformas och nya projekt startar upp. Titeln på rapporten ”Forskning pågår” signalerar just denna föränderlighet.

    Det är med stor glädje som vi för andra året i rad kan presentera över 100 pågående projekt med inriktning mot hälsa och arbetsliv.

  • 3285.
    Strömberg, Annika (Editor)
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
    Forskning pågår 2020: Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inför varje årsskifte samlar vi in projektbeskrivningar för de forskningsprojekt som pågår inom Akademin för Hälsa och Arbetsliv. Detta görs för att ge en överblick över forskningen men också som ett underlag för att kunna kommunicera forskningens inriktning och innehåll, såväl internt som externt.

    I rapporten är forskningsprojekten sorterade under temporära samlingsrubriker som vi idag ser som starka inriktningar för forskningen vid akademin. Forskning och kunskapande formas och omformas vilket ger att projekt och inriktningar ändras över tid. Titeln på rapporten ”Forskning pågår” signalerar just denna föränderlighet.

    Det är med stor glädje som vi i denna rapport kan presentera över 100 pågående projekt med inriktning mot hälsa och arbetsliv.

63646566 3251 - 3285 of 3285
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf