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  • 51.
    Hoff, Erika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Sten Åsenius, Cassandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    ”Vi måste göra det tillsammans”: En processutvärdering av det brottsförebyggande samverkansarbetet i Stockholms län2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on an evaluation of the crime prevention work that is being done in partnership between municipalities and the local police in Stockholm county. The purpose was to provide an overview of the work and point out focus areas for further development. The evaluation is based on quantitative content analysis of official documents written for the local crime prevention work and interviews with the local police and the crime prevention coordinators at the municipalities.

     

    One of the most prominent results was that analysing the causes of crime and establishing measurable goals for the effect of crime prevention is found difficult. The municipalities in the form of political self-governing agencies were also found difficult to collaborate with. Decisions, which are made at the top levels, take a very long time since it’s a very bureaucratic organisation. However, effective communications within the organisations helped spread knowledge, which strengthened the work. The conclusion was made from the prominent results that these factors all had the ability to affect the works legitimacy.

  • 52.
    Hultman, Lill
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Öhrvall, Ann-Marie
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pergert, Pernilla
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fugl-Meyer, Kerstin
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Elusive Participation – Social Workers’ Experience of the Participation of Children with Disabilities in LSS Assessments2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, no 1, p. 38-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of Swedish social workers’ experience of disabled children’s participation, to discover in what ways their knowledge about impairment and disability, combined with legal literacy and local context influence children’s participation in formal meetings and decision making. Seven focus-group interviews were conducted with 35 municipal social workers from communities in different parts of Sweden. The phenomenological analysis resulted in the overarching theme of elusive participation, in which participation was described as difficult to grasp both in relation to what was supposed to be achieved and what it was meant to result in. Elusive participation entailed a discrepancy between policy and practice, norms and perception of normality, conflicting perspectives and needs, judgment of children’s abilities. These findings underline the importance of creating safe spaces in which social workers have the opportunity for critical reflections and shared discussions about social work practice.

  • 53.
    Hålén, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Vad-Schütt, Linda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    #pappaledig En modern pappa i traditionell skrud: En semiotisk bild- och textanalys med fokus på hur maskuliniteter och femininiteter iscensätts inom gruppen män på Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to increase understanding of how masculinities and femininities exhibit within a group of men. This was done in the hashtag #pappaledig on the social network Instagram. Variations and patterns were examined in relation to gender stereotyped norms. A semiotic image- and text analysis was used to answer the study's purpose and questions. The terms masculinities and femininities were used as an integrated analysis unit for the purpose of departing from sex dichotomy. The main results of the study showed that the majority of men's images could be interpreted masculine while the texts showed a more feminine or mixed character. In relation to Connell's theory of hegemonic masculinity, the hegemonic ideals appear to be reproduced in the tougher and less expressive images while a softer and more emotional character could be seen in the captions. The more disposal character of the texts could be related to modern paternity.

  • 54.
    Jangebrink, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Mattsson, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Barns delaktighet vid överklagande av LVU: En systematisk genomgång av hur barn har fått komma till tals i skriftliga domslut2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of children between ages 10-14 who clearly got to express themselves and how their views were expressed in written documents when appealing LVU to kammarrätten. A categorization of all judgments from a court were made, the eight were selected to examine qualitatively supported by Hart's ladder of participation and childhood sociology. The result showed that children in less than half of the judgements clearly got to express themselves and that the child's words were noted to varying degrees, however, in the section reasons for decision the child’s views were not included. Children are often not considered sufficiently mature in relation to adults, which means that they may not be active actors and that their room for maneuver is restricted. Adults working with children must be aware of the complexity between the child's right to participation and the child’s best interests.

  • 55.
    Jansson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Telo, Emina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    "En människa ute i livet": Synen på äldres deltagande i aktiviteter bland verksamhetschef, personal och brukare på särskilt boende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study’s purpose was to investigate and compare the view towards activities for elders among the manager, employees and the elders at a nursing home. One manager, two employees and three elders participated in interviews. These interviews showed that the view towards activities among elders was generally positive. The informants stated that the activities contributed with several positive effects. Among them were the elders’ subjectively reported well-being. This indicated correlation between the results and activity theory, implying that activities are a vital part of elders’ well-being. When the informants were asked about the possibilities as well as obstacles of elders engaging in activities, economy and disease were, directly and indirectly, brought up as obstacles. Regarding the economy, the HR perspective but also new public management could serve as explanations. The largest possibility presented however was the employees; if they were passionate about activities, as would the elders also become.

  • 56.
    Jensen, Erik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. 1970.
    Jönsson, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ”Samverkan är bra men komplext”: Socialarbetares upplevelse av samverkan inom socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 57.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Pettersson, Carina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ”Jag vill göra ett bra jobb och vara bra på det jag gör…”: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialarbetare uppfattar ledarskapets betydelse för sina arbetsvillkor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how social workers reflect on the leadership of their closest manager, and the significance of leadership in relation to their working conditions. Two social workers, working in child welfare social services, were interviewed. The informants described that a manager who was responsive to the needs of their employees, was clear in his/her communication, and showed an active interest in the wellbeing of the employees influenced their working conditions positively. Furthermore, the informants experienced that a manager who communicated in an unclear way, showed a lack of understanding of the needs of the employees, and did not give enough social support negatively influenced their working conditions. These results were in parity with earlier studies. The importance for future social services to focus on the development of a leadership favorable for the working conditions of social workers was discussed.

  • 58.
    Johansson, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    ”Sanningen ska göra er fria”: En kvalitativ studie om prästers möte med häktade och fängslade människor i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This current study investigated priests, in the church of Sweden, working in custody and/or prison. Do priests experience any change in the prisoners’ lives during the time they are held in prison? The qualitative study consists of semi structured interviews with five priests. They were interviewed during summer 2019. The study shows that all of the priests experienced that many of the prisoners changed attitudes concerning their lives and their situation. They expressed the desire of another kind of life. Unexpectedly the study also shows the change the priests undertook, working with the prisoners. The priests expressed feelings about deeper spirituality and a sense of rich meaningfulness. The study shows that the priests experienced that almost all of the prisoners had a strong wish of living a non-criminal life. The road to this life is the one which consists of many new and constant contacts with a socially accepted environment.

  • 59.
    Johansson, Torbjörn
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Boendestödjare: en komplex yrkesroll2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur boendestödjare upplever sin yrkesroll utifrån sitt eget perspektiv. För detta syfte använde jag mig av frågeställningarna om hur de ser på (1) den egna yrkesrollen, (2) det egna handlingsutrymmet samt (3) samverkan. Systemteori samt empowerment fick bilda den teoretiska basen för undersökningen. För att uppnå mitt syfte valde sedan jag narrativ metod för att till fullo kunna ta del av mina informanters upplevelser.Intervjufrågorna kom utifrån vald metod att ersättas av något som mer kom att liknas vid samtal vilket gav mig en bredd men även ett verklighetsnära sammanhang till det informanterna berättade.Några av studiens huvudsakliga resultat var att många av boendestödjarna såg relationen som den mest betydelsefulla faktorn för utföranden av sitt uppdrag. En annan viktig faktor var den tysta kunskapen som många av informanterna besatt. En abstrakt kunskap som påverkade skapandet av det egna utrymmet för att tillmötesgå brukarna utifrån vad de själva trodde var bäst.Slutsatsen av studien visade på boendestödjarnas arbete som en komplex yrkesroll där engagemang och tyst kunskap var betydande faktorer för relationsbyggandet med brukarna.

  • 60.
    Jonsson-Lindberg, Patricia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Elers Zander, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Konstruktionen av brottslingar i kriminalpolitiska program: En kritisk diskursanalys2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Construction of culprits within criminal policy programs: A critical discourse analysis.

    The purpose of this study was to make visible discourses within criminal policy before the elections of 2018 through analysis of the established political parties ́ criminal policy programs. Method qualitative content analysis was used to bring out categories, later analysed with Fairclough ́s critical discourse analysis. Constructions of culprits as “foreigner”, “in gang”, “organized”, “young”, “male” and “non-ethical Swedish” emerged. Other groups were crime victims identified as “children”, “juveniles”, “elders”, “females” and “entrepreneurs/business owners”. The crimes observed were honor crimes, terrorism, crimes of violence (especially domestic violence), sexual offences and internet-based crime. The constructions may create a skewed interpretation of criminality and feelings of “us and them”. This may lead to “them” labelled as the criminals and “us” as their potential victims. The discourses in the programs therefore risk sustaining unequal power configurations in society.

  • 61.
    Kanth, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Wicksell, Petra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ” … Nu orkar man köra på!”: Socialsekreterares reflektioner kring arbetstidsförkortning inom socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction has in recent years been tested within the social services to counteract high staff turnover and stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate social workers’ reflections on the importance of working time reduction for their experience of the working environment and the client work. A focus group-interview was conducted with four social workers. The social workers expressed that the conditions for recovery increased, while at the same time experiencing less conflict between family and working life. The social workers also described that they felt more physically and mentally present, with more energy for their work. Furthermore, the workplace was perceived as safer as staff turnover decreased. The disadvantages described were that the contradictions between the units within the social services increased and that the accessibility for the clients decreased. Whether social workers is a profession where working hour’s reduction is required is discussed.

  • 62.
    Karlsson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Moberg, Oskar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Konsten att kartlägga känslor - induktion eller produktion?: En diskursanalys av den Nationellla Trygghetsundersökningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Feelings of worry and insecurity are complex phenomena commonly studied from a criminological perspective. This also applies for The Swedish Crime Survey (SCS). To understand how these feelings are constructed and motivated as policy issues, we analysed problem representations in the SCS, using Carol Lee Bacchi’s WPR-approach. We identified representations of a “security problem”, a “knowledge problem” and a “societal image problem”. On the basis of these problem representations we question the SCS as a source of “fact-based knowledge” and find that the possibility to objectively index feelings of insecurity are not adequately problematized in the report. Instead, our analysis suggests that this survey produces and reproduces representations of fear, thereby maintaining a medial and political risk awareness in a society characterized by a strong security ideal. To rectify this, we see a need to both scientifically and politically clarify the motives behind studying subjective insecurity.

  • 63.
    Karlsson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    "Det rinner av, sen gör man sitt jobb och fortsätter": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om akutvårdsjuksköterskors utsatthet för våld i arbetslivet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: You wash it off and then you go and do your job”

    - A qualitative analysis about trauma nurses victimization of workplace violence

     

    The aim of this study was to examine how trauma nurses relates to violence at work. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews and a hermeneutic-sentence construction analysis has been used. The theoretical frameworks that was used in the study are social construction theory and the ideal victim. The result of the study showed that workplace violence frequently occurs and it also showed that psychological violence was the most common form. The trauma nurses usually don’t report this type of violence because of complicated reporting tools and a workplace culture that normalize violence from patients and relatives. The trauma nurses experience an implicit fear of being exposed of crime which limits them at their workplace. Suggested measures against workplace violence were education, simplified tools for report crime and increased endorsement from leadership. The conclusion of the study showed that the nurses need help to institute a zero-tolerance policy against violence to challenge their definition of violence.

    Keywords: workplace violence, nurse, victim, perpetrator

  • 64.
    Kelmendi, Vjollca
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Hällström, Klara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Vad avgör beslutet att placera barn inom dess nätverk?: En studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to highlight what social workers consider to be crucial for placement within network care. The study was conduted with qualitative interviews with five social workers at the social services in Sweden. The thematic analysis showed that there are no specific guidelines for network-oriented work but social workers nevertheless state that their mode of operation is network-oriented based on system theory. Factors that determine placement within network care are; reason for placement, network characteristics and workload. The study shows that children are not expected to be able to choose their placement due to loyalty to their parents and this affects children ́s participation in the investigation. Placement of children within network care appears unusual and network-oriented work is complicated due to organizational barriers. The result shows that preferred placement is within network care as both children, parents and social workers feel more secure compared to placement in foster care.

  • 65.
    Larsson, Lenita
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Svensson, Charlotte
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Medias socialtjänst: En lokaltidnings porträttering av socialtjänsten i Södertälje kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe how media, in the form of a local newspaper Länstidningen, portrays social services in Södertälje. To fulfill the purpose we took as our point of departure a critical discourse analysis where we used tools from Faircloughs three-dimensional model to analyse the language used in the newspaper articles. Based on our main results, we were able to distinguish four discourses, the collaborative discourse, the financial discourse, the discourse on working methods and routines and the discourse of work environment. We also took help of social constructionism as the theory to contextualize the discourses. The results showed a relatively consistent use of language and what was prominent was that descriptions of the social services' working methods and routines were often omitted, in combination with the fact that facts and background information seldom occurred. Overall, we were able to distinguish one-sided and negative reporting on social services.

  • 66.
    Larsson Sundblom, Annah
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Skog, Erica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Digitalisering - Vän eller fiende till det sociala arbetet?: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser och erfarenheter av digitalisering inom försörjningsstöd2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine experiences social workers have within digitalization in social welfare. Seven social workers from seven different municipalities was interviewed. The empirical data from the interviews have been analyzed with McDonaldization, domain theory and new institutionalism. The result show that participation in the introduction of digital services is a key parameter for success especially since the informants expresses insecurity in having a robot as a co-worker in the future. There was also a concern that services will be reduced when the work changes and a discrepancy between the politics and professional priorities and which improvements the organisations need. Availability and released time are something all the informants think is important, and that digitalization can help implement. The informants believe that released time from administrative work instead should focus on meetings with clients and that the social work thereby can be improved.

  • 67.
    Lilja, My
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Formerly imprisoned polydrug users’ narratives about unemployment2019In: Journal of Substance Use, ISSN 1465-9891, E-ISSN 1475-9942, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 336-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Understanding how formerly imprisoned drug users perceive the possibilities and problems associated with entering the job market is important as it could help the reintegration of these individuals into society. The aim of this study was to explore formerly imprisoned polydrug users’narratives about unemployment.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 former prison inmates with extensive prior drug use. The interviews were coded and analysed using a categorical-content, narrative analysis approach.Results: The interviews revealed that although the respondents did not regard themselves as having been unemployed, some mentioned stress during periods in which they lacked a legal occupation. The participants also talked about the importance of being committed to one’s work and described that it was not only employment in itself that was important, but also being able to value or appreciate their employment. Most respondents argued that they had never been dismissed from work because of their drug use, but descriptions of workplace deviance were common in the interviews, e.g. stealing, selling drugs, burglary, using drugs at work.

    Conclusions: The respondents seemed to lack an identity as either unemployed or employed, which may constitute a problem when they enter the job market in the future.

  • 68.
    Lilja, My
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Perceptions about firesetting among Swedish high school students2019In: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, ISSN 0267-3843, E-ISSN 2164-4527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACTFires in school buildings are a major problem in Sweden. However, there is lack of research about juveniles? attitudes to this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate how high school students in Sweden discussed arson and firesetting. Semi-structured interviews and focus group interviews were conducted with 32 high school students (aged 14?15). It was found that although most students argued that playing with fire were common phenomena in their schools, deliberate firesetting was said to be less common. In contrast to previous research the students in this study argued that both girls and boys were equally involved in firesetting and fire play. There was a consensus that arson was a serious problem and a problem that should be prevented.

  • 69.
    Lind, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Sommar, Tilde
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens arbete med hemmasittande elever: "Ett socialt problem med många lösningar"2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige råder det skolplikt men trots det finns det vissa barn som vägrar gå i skolan. Studien syftade till att belysa faktorer på mikro-, meso- och makronivå som påverkat hur hemmasittande elever tagit sig tillbaka till skolan. Vidare avsåg studien att lyfta framgångsrika strategier i socialtjänstens arbete med hemmasittande elever. För att besvara syftet intervjuades fyra socialarbetare i två kommuner som är anställda på socialtjänstens öppenvård. Huvudresultatet som intervjupersonerna lyft fram är vikten av kartläggning, arbeta systemteoretiskt kring eleven, betydelsen av goda relationer samt samverkan mellan berörda parter. Tillsammans kan dessa strategier motverka social exklusion bland hemmasittande elever. Slutligen visade informanternas intervjusvar att det inte fanns någon uttalad arbetsstrategi i de två kommunerna och därför kan det behövas nationella riktlinjer för hur socialtjänsten kan hjälpa hemmasittande elever tillbaka till skolan.

  • 70.
    Lundgren, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Min förälder är en missbrukare: En kvalitativ studie om att vara ett vuxet barn till missbrukande föräldrar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract                                                                            Ord: 14896

     

     

    Title: My parent is an addict

     

    A qualitative study about being a grown up child to addict parents.

     

     

    Author: Johanna Lundgren

     

     

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how adult daughters of addicts experienced their childhood and how they experienced being affected as children and adults. The study was based on a phenomenological approach and based its empirical data on semi-structured interviews with adult daughters of addicts. The main result showed growing up with several difficult events and the informants claim to have trust issues, a negative self-image or poor self-esteem and that they have taken unreasonable responsibility in relation to their age and situation. Problems in school are also highlighted by everyone in some form. An informant claimed to be a sober alcoholic and a use of other drugs had occurred among the informants. All informants themselves had been in relationships with addicts and all had some social involvement. The results were thematized and as an analysis tool Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory and social learning theory were used.

     

  • 71.
    Lundqvist, Louise
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Svedjewik, Tove
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    ”Ser jag någonting i registren, då stoppar jag”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om svenska polisens arbete med fordonsstopp2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine what experience Swedish police officers have of traffic stops and on which premises they decide to control a vehicle in traffic. Through semi structured interviews with five police officers, it appeared that they generally had difficulties in answering questions regarding their experience of traffic stops. The results indicate that these experiences seem to facilitate the work for the policemen, simultaneously the experiences appear to result in unwanted behaviour. Their experiences are that the work have developed through the years. Beyond delinquency, there seems to be no clear premises regarding decision making in traffic stops. Despite that the participants stated similar premises, among others; traffic violence, intelligence information and the feeling that something doesn't feel right. Associated with traffic stops the selection for decision making is done by general profiling and something that police officers refers to as building blocks. However, there were different opinions regarding what have formed their premises.

  • 72.
    Magnusson, Peter
    et al.
    Centre for Research and Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden; Cardiology Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kihlström, Gabriella
    Centre for Research and Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Life‐threatening peripartum cardiomyopathy — not expected when expecting2019In: Clinical Case Reports, E-ISSN 2050-0904, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 1127-1132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy is challenging to diagnose as it mimics symptoms present in normal pregnancy. The clinical course and prognosis are various. In selected cases, a cardioverter implantable defibrillator with/without cardiac resynchronization therapy, mechanical ventricular assist device treatment, and transplantation is indicated.

  • 73.
    mato, John
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Massaquoi, Irene
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Unaccompanied Refugee Children and their Motivation for Education: A Case Study of Young boys’ in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the United Nations (UN), unaccompanied young refugee boys are children or adolescents under the age of 18, who seek or have been granted asylum in a country where their  parents or guardians are not present. Taking a case of Sweden, this study sought to investigate the unaccompanied refugee young boys’’ motivation to further their education. The study employed qualitative methods of research, particularly in-depth interviews to understand the phenomenon under study. Data collected was transcribed and analyzed thematically according to the ‘Maslow Hierarchy of Needs’ and ‘Self-determination’ theories, upon which the study adopted. The results of the study showed that, for young refugee boys to be self-sufficient and integrated into Swedish society, language skills were one of the most important requirements. It was also highlighted that social contacts in a new country are of great importance for integration. Such social networks would help these young refugee boys’ to  participate in societal activities, for  instance attending school or community activities. The study notes that failure of the young refugee boys to get integrated into the Swedish society can lead to problems like increased risk for criminal behavior and unemployment

  • 74.
    Myrvold, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Buhnevici, Laura
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Exploring the online medium as an alternative resource for social work with online groups: The case-study of an online peer support community for persons with Bipolar Disorder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The new millennia has been characterised by developments in the digital world, creating a new space for social work practice globally. The aim of this research is to explore the online medium as an alternative resource for social work with online groups through an observation and interviews in an online group for Bipolar Disorderin Sweden. The results found that lived experience proved central to all forms of participation and support was seen as a resource to be shared. The implications for social work practice were found on multiple levels with broad areas of influence, such as utilising the online medium as an alternative source of insight, thereby allowing needs assessment, both onindividual and [sub]group level. Accessibility by way of the internet was seen as a catalyser to participation as well as a comprehensive method in creating such communities both locally and internationally through the development of digital social work.

  • 75.
    Ndure, Mariama
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    King, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    A qualitative study exploring care leavers' transition experiences from care to independency2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore care leavers' experiences to independency after being discharged from public care. The study explored the services provided for young adults who have left public care and how they perceived the support provided for them during their transition and after. The study has also an interest on the care leavers' rights according to the UN Convention on the Rights of a Child. A qualitative study approach was used to collect data, due to the focus on the interpretation of the care leavers' experiences and to get in-depth information and descriptions about their experiences and perspectives. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with four participants who have left care. Moreover, the findings show that the participants were disadvantaged in many areas during their transition and the support received were limited. From the findings, the care leavers were lacking stability, encouragement and both emotional and adequate practical support after being discharged from care.

  • 76.
    Norin, Michael
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Offer eller en problemkategori: En kritisk diskursanalys av hur EU-migranter skildras i svensk press2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how EU-migrants was depicted in the two top selling newspapers in Sweden year 2015, Aftonlandet and Expressen. A critical discourse analysis was used to answer the purpose and questions of the study. The theoretical foundation consists of social constructionism, critical discourse analysis and theories linked to otherness. The main result showed that the two newspapers described EU- migrants as romas, Bulgarians or Romanians and being sick, poor and vulnerable, living in unsanitary conditions, setting up illegal settlements. They were depicted as having limited agency and being dependent of the help from swedes. Three discourses were found: Legal discourse – demanding law and order in handling the EU-migrants, Victims discourse – focusing on the EU-migrants vulnerability and need of help, and Responsibility discourse – discussing who’s responsible for helping the EU-migrants out. EU-migrants was constructed as the other by portraying them as deviant and a threat to Swedish law, order and values.

  • 77.
    Olsén, Oscar
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Plouda, Stéphanie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Möjligheter och begränsningar inom arbetet med ekonomiskt bistånd: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares handlingsutrymme2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine how social workers working with income support reasoned in their assessments and to examine how they perceived and applied their discretion. Five social workers were interviewed in a qualitative study, which also included two vignettes. Results showed that reasoning and assessments varied to some extent. The social workers described time, caseload and collaboration with other authorities as challenges, limiting their discretion. The results contradicted some previous research, as the social workers described positive aspects of organisational control mechanisms in relation to discretion. Generally they all felt rather free in the exercise of their profession. Differences in social workers reasoning were analysed and discussed. Some social workers applied a rather bureaucratic approach regarding clients, whilst others focused more on alliance building in their assessments. There seemed to be room to choose which approach to take depending on the social worker’s perception of the situation.

  • 78.
    Omo-Izobo, Freda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Nwoko, Florence
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    A Qualitative Study of Emotional Labour among Domestic Violence Shelter Workers: Interviews with professional social workers2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the emotional labour of domestic violence shelter workers. A qualitative approach was used and four professionals were interviewed. The interviewees described that they were expected to provide different types of services which include empowering their clients so that they can survive independently after leaving the shelter. The findings showed that the shelter workers hide or suppress different types of emotions, especially when they are frustrated or emotionally affected by the client's situation. According to the workers, they experienced stress as a consequence of the emotional labour, and they expressed that working in the field of domestic violence had made it difficult for them to trust men. Making a difference in the lives of the clients was described as a source of motivation and help them to cope with the negative aspects of the shelter work. Even though the findings cannot be generalised, the study provides comprehensive information about how emotional labour in this particular context can be perceived. The shelter workers described that the levels of satisfaction they get from helping clients resolve their problems were more significant than the negative consequences of emotional labour.

  • 79.
    Otieno, Adede
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Jimoh, Ayobami
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Geriatric Social Workers and Grieving Seniors: An exploratory study of the experiences of geriatric officers working with grieving elderly clients2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the elderly population above the ages of 65 who can no longer cater for themselves can seek assistance from the social services in their municipalities. A case officer popularly known as biståndshandläggare in Sweden is usually assigned by the municipality to assist in planning, assessing and making decisions on the kind of services which best fits the elderly clients seeking assistance. This study investigated the experiences of geriatric case officers working with grieving elderly clients who are either in hospitals or in their private homes. A qualitative methodology was employed and, interviews were conducted with four geriatric case officers working within elderly care departments in social services around Mid-Sweden. The results were analysed using thematic analysis. The findings revealed that these geriatric case officers had insufficient knowledge on how to work with grief and loss. The results also showed that geriatric case officers had both positive and negative experiences when working with grieving elderly clients. To work in elderly care services, a social work degree or related education is a requirement.  

  • 80.
    Paulsson, Caroline
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Frälsningens makt: En kvalitativ studie om frälsningens inverkan på upphörande med brottslighet i Colombia2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the importance of salvation in desistance from crimein a group of criminals, and what keeps them from turning back to crime. In order toanswer the study’s questions, semi-structured interviews were conducted with redeemedand non-redeemed prisoners and former prisoners in Colombia. Based on the interviews,a thematic analysis was made covering the underlying causes of crime, the reason forsalvation and the reason for not turning back to crime. All interviewees agreed thatsalvation became a turning point in their lives as they decided to change. Financial andsocial support in various forms and God is described by the interviewees as the reason fornot turning back to crime. In conclusion, it seems that a combination of God and materialthings are required for not turning back to crime, and that the interviewees made an activechoice to stop committing crimes.

  • 81.
    Perämäki, Natalie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Sjölin, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Vuxnas upplevelser av att växa upp med föräldrar med alkoholmissbruk: En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to highlight the experiences of adult children of growing up with alcohol-abusive parents and how the social services were to any support under these circumstances. In the study four qualitative interviews were conducted with adults who grew up with parents with alcohol abuse and who had contact with the social services. The study's results were analyzed by Bronfenbrenner's development ecological model, childhood sociology concepts parentification, being and becoming and the concept stigmatization. The main results of the study, highlights that all interviewees were affected negatively by the parents' alcohol abuse. Most of the interviewees felt that they needed to take great responsibility at home and keep the alcohol abuse as a family secret. The results showed that all participants were displeased with the social services support, for example by not being treated at a child´s level. None of the families were offered family-oriented support.

  • 82.
    Powers, Meredith, C.F
    et al.
    Social Work Department, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Peeters, Jef
    KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Degrowth for transformational alternatives as radical social work practice2019In: Critical and radical social work An international journal, ISSN 2049-8608, E-ISSN 2049-8675, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 417-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, and in modern times, social workers have been culpable in perpetuating the very systems of oppression that we seek to eliminate. This happens as we are part of cultures and economies that operate out of the growth ideology. Acting in accordance with the growth ideology does not lead to the outcomes that we strive for as professional social workers. Rather, the growth ideology results in growing social inequalities and increasing ecological injustices around the world. Social work can, instead, embrace an ecosocial lens and promote degrowth approaches for transformational alternatives. Rather than reinforcing the existing systems of injustice and oppression, radical social work can take an activist role and bring about urgent and radical changes to promote ecological justice through social and ecological well-being. Examples from radical social work in local and international communities demonstrate the possibility of degrowth for transformational alternatives as radical social work practice.

  • 83.
    Qvarfordt, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm.
    Hoff, David
    Lund universitet.
    Limitations and duties: elite athletes’ perceptions of compliance with anti-doping rules2019In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this article is to examine how elite athletes perceive their own responsibilities and possibilities to be compliant with the anti-doping regulations, and to draw conclusions about what these perceptions mean in relation to the legitimacy of the anti-doping system. A qualitative research design, with interviews conducted with athletes globally, was employed to capture elite sportspersons’ views on anti-doping policy and procedures. The analysis was based on a theoretical framework on legitimacy. The findings show that athletes’ situation is characterized by limited information and a lack of leeway. At the same time, athletes find themselves obliged to be dutiful. We discuss the complex situation of simultaneously facing perceived limitations and duties, and consider the limits that athletes experience in relation to compliance, which may place the legitimacy of the anti-doping system at risk.

  • 84.
    Qvarfordt, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    Hoff, David
    Lunds universitet.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    From fighting the bad to protecting the good: legitimation discourses in WADA’s athlete guides2019In: Performance Enhancement & Health, E-ISSN 2211-2669, Vol. 7, no 1-2, article id 100147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global anti-doping effort in sport is based upon perceptions of the system as desirable, proper and appropriate and thus considered legitimate. The legitimacy of the anti-doping system has earlier been studied bottom-up, based on the views of athletes. In order to gain greater understanding of legitimation processes, it is also important to study legitimation strategies top-down, used by decision-making and governing bodies. The aim of this study was to use Fairclough's critical discourse analytical approach to analyse the social construction of legitimacy in the World Anti-Doping Agency's three editions of a guide to anti-doping rules aimed at athletes. The analysis was performed based on van Leeuwen's four specific legitimation strategies: authorization, rationalization, moral evaluation and mythopoesis. Our analysis shows that the legitimation of the anti-doping discourse as constructed in the athlete guides that has accompanied anti-doping regulations for more than a decade is characterized by continuity as regards an authoritarian attitude, but also by change towards a more rational and athlete-centred stance. A shift can be seen in the construction of legitimacy in the anti-doping discourse from “fighting the bad” to “protecting the good”. We discuss the moral evaluation strategy as a way to construct legitimacy for anti-doping efforts and sport in general towards a wider public. In the light of the results of this study, we conclude that policymaking in relation to doping issues should take into account the dimension of the discursive top-down legitimation, which could affect how the policy is received at the level of the athletes and provide conditions for a sustainable anti-doping system. 

  • 85.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Environmental Social Work: Implications for Accelerating the Implementation of Sustainable Development in Social Work Curricula2020In: International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, ISSN 1467-6370, E-ISSN 1758-6739Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Båld, Maria
    Worlds apart! Environmental injustices in Mauritius, Peru and Sweden2020In: International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, E-ISSN 1461-7234Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Powers, Meredith, C.F
    Social Work Department, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC.
    Smith, Richard, J.
    School of Social Work, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.
    Ecosocial work and social change in community practice2019In: Journal of Community Practice, ISSN 1070-5422, E-ISSN 1543-3706, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 205-212Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Companion animals in health-promoting work-life2019In: Society and Animals, ISSN 1063-1119, E-ISSN 1568-5306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a growing number of studies on human-animal interactions, empirical data focusing on companion animals within the context of health promoting work-life is still limited. This article presents the analysis and discussion based on the perceptions of 22 students and staff members from the University of Gävle in Sweden on the potential of companion animals for supportive functions in health promoting work-life, as well as on the possible challenges of having companion animals within the premises of the University. Based on the findings, this article discusses that companion animals can indeed play vital supportive functions in health promoting work-life, which are presented in the text as: forcing function, communication companion, and social skills. However, this article also highlights the socio-economic, legal, and organizational challenges that need to be carefully considered and worked-out for having companion animals at workplace, such as university.

  • 89.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Turunen, Päivi
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Ecosocial change and community resilience: the case of “Bönan” in glocal transition2019In: Journal of Community Practice, ISSN 1070-5422, E-ISSN 1543-3706, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 231-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article was to identify and discuss ecosocial changes and community resilience mechanisms in a coastal fishing community of Sweden – Bönan. Data were collected through eight semi-structured interviews and field observations. An abductive thematic analysis was used to analyze data and background literature. The findings showed that Bönan has been exposed to a combination of ecosocial changes that have transformed the community, and therefore required community resilience interventions. This article concludes that social workers need to take an active part in ecosocial work for enhancing community resilience.

  • 90.
    Rasidovic, Anela
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Hussein, Halimo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Racial profiling: Personal experiences that people of color face in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Racial profiling: Personal experiences that people of color face in Sweden 

    The purpose of this study is to explore the personal experiences of racial profiling that people of color face in Sweden. Racial profiling is a social issue in the world today and a much-disputed subject in the Swedish society. The study was conducted with qualitative interviews with four people of color in Sweden. The intersectionality perspective was used as an analytical tool to analyze the experiences people of color face with the help of social constructionism theory. The results showed that all four interviewees have experienced racial profiling in different settings in their lives. In addition, the study showed that the interviewees’ experiences of racial profiling differed depending on the interviewees’ identity attributes such as gender, race, and their religious affiliation affecting their vulnerability and experiences of racial profiling. The findings also show that the four informants have experienced and are vulnerable to everyday racism in Sweden due to the existing prejudices in the Swedish society.

  • 91.
    Rudh, Liselott
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Krigare, Eva-Catarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Insatser för unga lagöverträdare i Sverige: Vilka påverkande insatser används och varför?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to find out if the influential arrangements that is given to convicted delinquents between 15-17 years old is practised because they have evidence or if it is based on other grounds. The research questions were answered with the help of a questionnaire and interviews. The questionnaire was sent to all 290 local authorities whereof 52 answered the questions. The result indicated difficulties to get information regarding which arrangements that is being used, the local authorities have various ways of working and the programs and/or routines they use make it hard to access statistics. The most common influential arrangements were programs made by the local authorities themselves, which brings difficulties with the evidence of treatment effects. Interviews were carried out with three persons from social services who work with delinquents. The results showed that the choices were made on the basis of guidelines if there were any available, otherwise out of a feeling or experience. The conclusion was that there often seems to be a consideration regarding the evidence of treatment effects when arrangements are chosen, but that the choice many times still occur based on other premisses.  

  • 92.
    Schelin, Malin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Westberger, Caroline
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Döttrars upplevelse av uppväxten med en mamma med ätstörning: “Still, even as a little girl, I felt that I needed to protect her from the world; a world that had cracked her open and taken out her soul.”2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Daughters experience of growing up with a mother with eating disorder

     

    Authors: Malin Schelin and Caroline Westberger

     

    Daughters risk negative identity development if they grow up with mothers with EA.

    Previous research shows how children of parents with mental illness easily are forgotten. This thesis investigates daughters experience of growing up with mothers with eating disorder (EA) and if and how their identity development got affected. A qualitative text analysis was carried out of six newspaper articles and nine chat posts from four chat forums. The articles and the posts were written from the daughters perspective. The result showed that the daughters felt forgotten. That they took an adult responsibility for themselves and their mothers, several of the daughters wished that they would have been given information of the mothers illness. The daughters emphasized a feeling of guilt and several of them have developed an EA. They describe that they handled their upbringing by increasing the distance to their mother, and by defining the mother's disease differently.

  • 93.
    Schäfer, Jerome
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Sexköpslagen och dess konsekvenser: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att, genom en litteraturöversikt sammanställa kunskap om hur prostituerade påverkats av kriminaliseringen av sexköp samt undersöka hur socialt arbete bedrivs med prostituerade i länder som kriminaliserar sexköp. De valda studierna analyserades med hjälp av empowermentteori och stigmateori. Resultat visar att kriminaliseringen av sexköp inte har lett till mindre stigmatisering för de prostituerade. Många upplever tvärtom mer stigmatisering. Förbudet har lett till att sexköpare fått ett ökat förhandlingsutrymme. För gatuprostituerade innebär det mer risktagande, våld och minskad inkomst. Sociala insatser finns att tillgå men visar sig vara otillgängliga eller otillräckliga för att inleda ett empowerment-arbete. Fokus ligger på kvinnliga prostituerade vilket gör att hbt personer som en särskilt utsatt grupp diskrimineras. Utländska prostituerade vilka utgör en majoritet av de prostituerade exkluderas från det svenska systemet. Slutsatsen blir därmed att det behövs en översyn av handlingsplanen emot prostitution som antogs i samband med utvärderingen av sexköpslagen.

  • 94.
    Silvén Hagström, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    “Why did he choose to die?”: A meaning-searching approach to parental suicide bereavement in youth2019In: Death Studies, ISSN 0748-1187, E-ISSN 1091-7683, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 113-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes from a narrative perspective how young people talk about their experience of parental suicide in different social contexts. The results show how these young grievers are preoccupied with the question of Why the parent committed suicide. Moreover, they tend primarily to interpret the suicide in line with stigmatizing discourses regarding Who is to blame, which has negative impacts on their identities. In contrast, a ?meaning-searching approach? seeks to answer the question of What caused the suicide and to identify a combination of internal vulnerabilities and external stressors. Professional interventions are recommended to foster the latter health promoting coping strategy.

  • 95.
    Silvén Hagström, Anneli
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. Stockholm university.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    'If I whistled in her ear she'd wake up': children's narration about their experiences of growing up in alcoholic families2019In: Journal of Family Studies, ISSN 1322-9400, E-ISSN 1839-3543Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to investigate what it means to grow up in an alcoholic family environment. Nineteen children aged 6-11 who participated in a psycho-educational programme in the 1990s for children living with parents who misuse alcohol were interviewed about their experiences in a longitudinal study. A narrative analysis of their life stories demonstrates how, on the one hand, they positioned themselves as 'vulnerable victims' exposed to their parent's alcoholism and to situations of severe neglect, domestic violence and sexual abuse. This position was characterized by a sense of powerlessness and lack of resources for coping with emotional distress and risk, as well as an urgent need for protection and care. On the other hand, the children positioned themselves as 'competent agents' who had developed purposeful strategies for managing their life situation, such as trying to reduce their parent's drinking and undertaking the role of a 'young carer'. The children primarily tried to normalize themselves in their social circle in a position of 'silenced and invisible victims'. However, the alcoholism was usually exposed and the children occasionally also found themselves in the position of 'help-seeking victims' obliged to disclose the 'family secret'. Remarkably, this rarely changed their situation very much. Instead, the children were commonly left in the position of 'visible but unprotected victims'.

  • 96.
    Silvén Hagström, Anneli
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Toft, Teolinda
    Clinical Psychology in Healthcare, Department of Children's and Women's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    "Together we are unbeatable": young sisters’ narration of a sibling’s cancer in personal blogs on the internet2019In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 1586625Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Siblings of children and young people diagnosed with cancer are commonly reluctant to talk about their experiences due to the circumstances of the illness situation. This article aims to bring voice to experience and inform practice by investigating what and how three young sisters narrate about their illness experiences in personal blogs on the Internet.

    Methods: A narrative methodology for the analysis of life storytelling was applied primarily to investigate the sister?s coping strategies and support needs.

    Results: The results show how the sisters constructed their own space for narration, with the main aims of expressing their feelings about the illness and seeking social support. The telling of their experiences along with encouraging comments from a supportive audience enabled a change in position from feeling neglected and silenced to being a recognized agent and caring sister. In addition, through their narrative coping the sisters went from powerless to powerful in their position in relation to cancer.

    Conclusion: The results highlight the need for siblings to be able to narrate experience in a supportive context, where the processing of their relationship with the ill sister/brother should be understood as an important element of their coping with cancer and death.

  • 97.
    Simba, Danielle
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Rostek, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Preschool teachers approach in suspected cases of domestic violence2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic violence is a public health and international problem. Previous research outlined the extensivity of the problem internationally and the missing approaches of professionals who work with young children. The study aims to explore the methods and routines used by preschool teachers in approaching suspected cases of domestic violence among preschool children in Sweden. The results show that there are only a few available methods and routines given by governmental agencies in guiding the preschool teachers to approach such cases. As an alternative, the preschool teachers themselves develop individual approaches like observation, documentation, and collaboration with different actors involved. The interviews were conducted with semi-structured interviews with four preschool teachers to give a deeper understanding of their knowledge about the topic and experiences with suspected cases of domestic violence and methods and routines. The normalization process theory (NPT) was used to highlight the complexity of modifying methods and routines for complex problems e.g. domestic violence. The method of deductive thematic analysis provided pre-determined themes connected to the theory and new themes emerged from the data during the analysis process.

  • 98.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Social Work in the Context of the Swedish Welfare Model in Transition from Universal to Mixed Welfare2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the transformation of the Swedish welfare model and its implications for social work practice. The development of the Swedish welfare model from the 1990s and onwards is characterised by deregulation, recommodification and a reverse distribution from the public to the private sector. Through an analysis of extensive data on welfare and wealth in Sweden, this study shows how the Swedish welfare model has changed profoundly as power, resources and influence have been reallocated away from the democratically governed public sector towards the market driven private sector. The Swedish universal welfare model has been replaced by a mixed welfare model with increasing market liberal elements. Some of the consequences are less equal distributions of education, healthcare and elderly care services, lower democratic influence and reduced possibilities for redistribution policies. Social work in Sweden has traditionally been carried out within the politically driven public sector. The discussion focuses on the implications for social work of the ongoing changes of social policies and the welfare sector.

  • 99.
    Sjölander, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Interventioner för män som utövar våld i nära relation: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this literature study, existing research regarding interventions for men who commit domestic violence has been compiled. Performing a systematic literature search, seven articles were selected and reviewed, and finally analyzed from two different theoretical perspectives. The aim of the study was to investigate whether these interventions have proved effective and which theoretical explanatory models underlie the interventions and violence. The results indicate that interventions for men who practice violence have an effect in order to put an end to violence. The results also indicate that the knowledge and dedication among staff are success factors for successful treatment and the programs with a psychological and therapeutic theoretical starting point have a greater effect on achieving a lasting change.

  • 100.
    Sjöström, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Orosanmälningar i förskolan: En intervjustudie om förskolepersonals perspektiv på orosanmälningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Notifications of concern in preschool- An interview study on preschool teachers’ perspective of notifications of concern

    Author: Anna Sjöström

     

    Previous Research shows a shortage of notifications of concern to social services, especially from professionals who work directly with children. In this study, qualitative interviews were made on four preschool teachers to see their subjective view of vulnerable children, and their duty to report.

    The material obtained was then analyzed based on systems theory, labeling theory and the concepts of developmental psychopathology; risk- and protection-factors. The results show that the informants felt that the duty of notification was logical and important, but they sometimes thought that it was difficult to know the line between reporting or not, they found it difficult to see some of the signs of exposure and they wanted more education in the area. There were also some lack of collaboration with the social services, which they stated could be improved through more information about the work of the social services and a closer cooperation.

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